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2020-09-04
Hayashi, Masayoshi, Higaki, Hiroaki.  2018.  Security Improvement of Common-Key Cryptographic Communication by Mixture of Fake Plain- Texts. 2018 Second World Conference on Smart Trends in Systems, Security and Sustainability (WorldS4). :151—157.
One of the fundamental methods for eavesdroppers to achieve a plaintext from a cryptogram is the brute force attack where possible candidates of decryption keys are exhaustively applied to the decryption algorithm. Here the only reason why the eavesdroppers believe to find the common-key and to achieve the plaintext is that the output of the decryption algorithm is contextually acceptable. According to this fact, this paper proposes a novel common-key cryptosystem where fake plaintexts which are also contextually acceptable are mixed into a cryptogram with the legal plaintext. If an eavesdropper applies a fake common-key to the decryption algorithm, it outputs the fake plaintexts which the eavesdroppers might believe legal. This paper also proposes concrete encryption/decryption algorithm which can be combined with any conventional common-key cryptosystem. Results of simulation experiments show the proposed method reduces probability for eavesdroppers to get legal plaintexts.
Khan, Samar, Khodke, Priti A., Bhagat, Amol P..  2018.  An Approach to Fault Tolerant Key Generation and Secure Spread Spectrum Communiction. 2018 International Conference on Research in Intelligent and Computing in Engineering (RICE). :1—6.
Wireless communications have encountered a considerable improvement and have integrated human life through various applications, mainly by the widespread of mobile ad hoc and sensor networks. A fundamental characteristic of wireless communications are in their broadcast nature, which allows accessibility of information without placing restrictions on a user's location. However, accessibility also makes wireless communications vulnerable to eavesdropping. To enhance the security of network communication, we propose a separate key generation server which is responsible for key generation using complex random algorithm. The key will remain in database in encrypted format. To prevent brute force attack, we propose various group key generation algorithms in which every group will have separate group key to verify group member's identity. The group key will be verified with the session information before decryption, so that our system will prevent attack if any attacker knows the group key. To increase the security of the system, we propose three level encryption securities: Client side encryption using AES, Server side encryption using AES, and Artificial noise generation and addition. By using this our system is free from brute force attack as we are using three level message security and complex Random key generation algorithms.
Velan, Petr, Husák, Martin, Tovarňák, Daniel.  2018.  Rapid prototyping of flow-based detection methods using complex event processing. NOMS 2018 - 2018 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium. :1—3.
Detection of network attacks is the first step to network security. Many different methods for attack detection were proposed in the past. However, descriptions of these methods are often not complete and it is difficult to verify that the actual implementation matches the description. In this demo paper, we propose to use Complex Event Processing (CEP) for developing detection methods based on network flows. By writing the detection methods in an Event Processing Language (EPL), we can address the above-mentioned problems. The SQL-like syntax of most EPLs is easily readable so the detection method is self-documented. Moreover, it is directly executable in the CEP system, which eliminates inconsistencies between documentation and implementation. The demo will show a running example of a multi-stage HTTP brute force attack detection using Esper and its EPL.
Sadkhan, Sattar B., Reda, Dhilal M..  2018.  Best Strategies of Choosing Crypto-System’s Key for Cryptographer and Attacker Based on Game Theory. 2018 Al-Mansour International Conference on New Trends in Computing, Communication, and Information Technology (NTCCIT). :1—6.
One of the most important strength features of crypto-system's is the key space. As a result, whenever the system has more key space, it will be more resistant to attack. The weakest type of attack on the key space is Brute Force attack, which tests all the keys on the ciphertext in order to get the plaintext. But there are several strategies that can be considered by the attacker and cryptographer related to the selection of the right key with the lowest cost (time). Game theory is a mathematical theory that draws the best strategies for most problems. This research propose a new evaluation method which is employing game theory to draw best strategies for both players (cryptographer & attacker).
Sree Ranjani, R, Nirmala Devi, M.  2018.  A Novel Logical Locking Technique Against Key-Guessing Attacks. 2018 8th International Symposium on Embedded Computing and System Design (ISED). :178—182.
Logical locking is the most popular countermeasure against the hardware attacks like intellectual property (IP) piracy, Trojan insertion and illegal integrated circuit (IC) overproduction. The functionality of the design is locked by the added logics into the design. Thus, the design is accessible only to the authorized users by applying the valid keys. However, extracting the secret key of the logically locked design have become an extensive effort and it is commonly known as key guessing attacks. Thus, the main objective of the proposed technique is to build a secured hardware against attacks like Brute force attack, Hill climbing attack and path sensitization attacks. Furthermore, the gates with low observability are chosen for encryption, this is to obtain an optimal output corruption of 50% Hamming distance with minimal design overhead and implementation complexity. The experimental results are validated on ISCAS'85 benchmark circuits, with a highly secured locking mechanism.
Routh, Caleb, DeCrescenzo, Brandon, Roy, Swapnoneel.  2018.  Attacks and vulnerability analysis of e-mail as a password reset point. 2018 Fourth International Conference on Mobile and Secure Services (MobiSecServ). :1—5.
In this work, we perform security analysis of using an e-mail as a self-service password reset point, and exploit some of the vulnerabilities of e-mail servers' forgotten password reset paths. We perform and illustrate three different attacks on a personal Email account, using a variety of tools such as: public knowledge attainable through social media or public records to answer security questions and execute a social engineering attack, hardware available to the public to perform a man in the middle attack, and free software to perform a brute-force attack on the login of the email account. Our results expose some of the inherent vulnerabilities in using emails as password reset points. The findings are extremely relevant to the security of mobile devices since users' trend has leaned towards usage of mobile devices over desktops for Internet access.
Moe, Khin Su Myat, Win, Thanda.  2018.  Enhanced Honey Encryption Algorithm for Increasing Message Space against Brute Force Attack. 2018 15th International Conference on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology (ECTI-CON). :86—89.
In the era of digitization, data security is a vital role in message transmission and all systems that deal with users require stronger encryption techniques that against brute force attack. Honey encryption (HE) algorithm is a user data protection algorithm that can deceive the attackers from unauthorized access to user, database and websites. The main part of conventional HE is distribution transforming encoder (DTE). However, the current DTE process using cumulative distribution function (CDF) has the weakness in message space limitation because CDF cannot solve the probability theory in more than four messages. So, we propose a new method in DTE process using discrete distribution function in order to solve message space limitation problem. In our proposed honeywords generation method, the current weakness of existing honeywords generation method such as storage overhead problem can be solved. In this paper, we also describe the case studies calculation of DTE in order to prove that new DTE process has no message space limitation and mathematical model using discrete distribution function for DTE process facilitates the distribution probability theory.
Bošnjak, L., Sreš, J., Brumen, B..  2018.  Brute-force and dictionary attack on hashed real-world passwords. 2018 41st International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics (MIPRO). :1161—1166.
An information system is only as secure as its weakest point. In many information systems that remains to be the human factor, despite continuous attempts to educate the users about the importance of password security and enforcing password creation policies on them. Furthermore, not only do the average users' password creation and management habits remain more or less the same, but the password cracking tools, and more importantly, the computer hardware, keep improving as well. In this study, we performed a broad targeted attack combining several well-established cracking techniques, such as brute-force, dictionary, and hybrid attacks, on the passwords used by the students of a Slovenian university to access the online grading system. Our goal was to demonstrate how easy it is to crack most of the user-created passwords using simple and predictable patterns. To identify differences between them, we performed an analysis of the cracked and uncracked passwords and measured their strength. The results have shown that even a single low to mid-range modern GPU can crack over 95% of passwords in just few days, while a more dedicated system can crack all but the strongest 0.5% of them.
2020-08-13
Yu, Lili, Su, Xiaoguang, Zhang, Lei.  2019.  Collaboration-Based Location Privacy Protection Method. 2019 IEEE 2nd International Conference on Electronics Technology (ICET). :639—643.
In the privacy protection method based on user collaboration, all participants and collaborators must share the maximum anonymity value set in the anonymous group. No user can get better quality of service by reducing the anonymity requirement. In this paper, a privacy protection algorithm random-QBE, which divides query information into blocks and exchanges randomly, is proposed. Through this method, personalized anonymity, query diversity and location anonymity in user cooperative privacy protection can be realized. And through multi-hop communication between collaborative users, this method can also satisfy the randomness of anonymous location, so that the location of the applicant is no longer located in the center of the anonymous group, which further increases the ability of privacy protection. Experiments show that the algorithm can complete the processing in a relatively short time and is suitable for deployment in real environment to protect user's location privacy.
2020-07-24
Munsyi, Sudarsono, Amang, Harun Al Rasvid, M. Udin.  2018.  An Implementation of Data Exchange in Environmental Monitoring Using Authenticated Attribute-Based Encryption with Revocation. 2018 International Electronics Symposium on Knowledge Creation and Intelligent Computing (IES-KCIC). :359—366.
Internet of things era grown very rapidly in Industrial Revolution 4.0, there are many researchers use the Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technology to obtain the data for environmental monitoring. The data obtained from WSN will be sent to the Data Center, where users can view and collect all of data from the Data Center using end devices such as personal computer, laptop, and mobile phone. The Data Center would be very dangerous, because everyone can intercept, track and even modify the data. Security requirement to ensure the confidentiality all of stored data in the data center and give the authenticity in data has not changed during the collection process. Ciphertext Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE) can become a solution to secure the confidentiality for all of data. Only users with appropriate rule of policy can get the original data. To guarantee there is no changes during the collection process of the data then require the time stamp digital signature for securing the data integrity. To protect the confidentiality and data integrity, we propose a security mechanism using CP-ABE with user revocation and Time Stamp Digital Signature using Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) 384 bits. Our system can do the revocation for the users who did the illegal access. Our system is not only securing the data but also providing the guarantee that is no changes during the collection process of the data from the Data Center.
Chennam, KrishnaKeerthi, Muddana, Lakshmi.  2018.  Improving Privacy and Security with Fine Grained Access Control Policy using Two Stage Encryption with Partial Shuffling in Cloud. 2018 3rd IEEE International Conference on Recent Trends in Electronics, Information Communication Technology (RTEICT). :686—690.
In a computer world, to identify anyone by doing a job or to authenticate by checking their identification and give access to computer. Access Control model comes in to picture when require to grant the permissions to individual and complete the duties. The access control models cannot give complete security when dealing with cloud computing area, where access control model failed to handle the attributes which are requisite to inhibit access based on time and location. When the data outsourced in the cloud, the information holders expect the security and confidentiality for their outsourced data. The data will be encrypted before outsourcing on cloud, still they want control on data in cloud server, where simple encryption is not a complete solution. To irradiate these issues, unlike access control models proposed Attribute Based Encryption standards (ABE). In ABE schemes there are different types like Key Policy-ABE (KP-ABE), Cipher Text-ABE (CP-ABE) and so on. The proposed method applied the access control policy of CP-ABE with Advanced Encryption Standard and used elliptic curve for key generation by using multi stage encryption which divides the users into two domains, public and private domains and shuffling the data base records to protect from inference attacks.
Liu, Zechao, Jiang, Zoe L., Wang, Xuan, Wu, Yulin, Yiu, S.M..  2018.  Multi-Authority Ciphertext Policy Attribute-Based Encryption Scheme on Ideal Lattices. 2018 IEEE Intl Conf on Parallel Distributed Processing with Applications, Ubiquitous Computing Communications, Big Data Cloud Computing, Social Computing Networking, Sustainable Computing Communications (ISPA/IUCC/BDCloud/SocialCom/SustainCom). :1003—1008.
Ciphertext policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) is a promising cryptographic technology that provides fine-grained access control as well as data confidentiality. It enables one sender to encrypt the data for more receivers, and to specify a policy on who can decrypt the ciphertext using his/her attributes alone. However, most existing ABE schemes are constructed on bilinear maps and they cannot resist quantum attacks. In this paper, we propose a multi-authority CP-ABE (MA-CPABE) scheme on ideal lattices which is still secure in post-quantum era. On one hand, multiple attribute authorities are required when user's attributes cannot be managed by a central authority. On the other hand, compared with generic lattice, the ideal lattice has extra algebraic structure and can be used to construct more efficient cryptographic applications. By adding some virtual attributes for each authority, our scheme can support flexible threshold access policy. Security analysis shows that the proposed scheme is secure against chosen plaintext attack (CPA) in the standard model under the ring learning with errors (R-LWE) assumption.
Dong, Qiuxiang, Huang, Dijiang, Luo, Jim, Kang, Myong.  2018.  Achieving Fine-Grained Access Control with Discretionary User Revocation over Cloud Data. 2018 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). :1—9.
Cloud storage solutions have gained momentum in recent years. However, cloud servers can not be fully trusted. Data access control have becomes one of the main impediments for further adoption. One appealing approach is to incorporate the access control into encrypted data, thus removing the need to trust the cloud servers. Among existing cryptographic solutions, Ciphertext Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE) is well suited for fine-grained data access control in cloud storage. As promising as it is, user revocation is a cumbersome problem that impedes its wide application. To address this issue, we design an access control system called DUR-CP-ABE, which implements identity-based User Revocation in a data owner Discretionary way. In short, the proposed solution provides the following salient features. First, user revocation enforcement is based on the discretion of the data owner, thus providing more flexibility. Second, no private key updates are needed when user revocation occurs. Third, the proposed scheme allows for group revocation of affiliated users in a batch operation. To the best of our knowledge, DUR-CP-ABE is the first CP-ABE solution to provide affiliation- based batch revocation functionality, which fits naturally into organizations' Identity and Access Management (IAM) structure. The analysis shows that the proposed access control system is provably secure and efficient in terms of computation, communi- cation and storage.
Navya, J M, Sanjay, H A, Deepika, KM.  2018.  Securing smart grid data under key exposure and revocation in cloud computing. 2018 3rd International Conference on Circuits, Control, Communication and Computing (I4C). :1—4.
Smart grid systems data has been exposed to several threats and attacks from different perspectives and have resulted in several system failures. Obtaining security of data and key exposure and enhancing system ability in data collection and transmission process are challenging, on the grounds smart grid data is sensitive and enormous sum. In this paper we introduce smart grid data security method along with advanced Cipher text policy attribute based encryption (CP-ABE). Cloud supported IoT is widely used in smart grid systems. Smart IoT devices collect data and perform status management. Data obtained from the IOT devices will be divided into blocks and encrypted data will be stored in different cloud server with different encrypted keys even when one cloud server is assaulted and encrypted key is exposed data cannot be decrypted, thereby the transmission and encryption process are done in correspondingly. We protect access-tree structure information even after the data is shared to user by solving revocation problem in which cloud will inform data owner to revoke and update encryption key after user has downloaded the data, which preserves the data privacy from unauthorized users. The analysis of the system concludes that our proposed system can meet the security requirements in smart grid systems along with cloud-Internet of things.
Fugkeaw, Somchart, Sato, Hiroyuki.  2018.  Enabling Dynamic and Efficient Data Access Control in Cloud Computing Based on Attribute Certificate Management and CP-ABE. 2018 26th Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed and Network-based Processing (PDP). :454—461.
In this paper, we propose an access control model featured with the efficient key update function in data outsourcing environment. Our access control is based on the combination of Ciphertext Policy - Attribute-based Encryption (CP-ABE) and Role-based Access Control (RBAC). The proposed scheme aims to improve the attribute and key update management of the original CP-ABE. In our scheme, a user's key is incorporated into the attribute certificate (AC) which will be used to decrypt the ciphertext encrypted with CP-ABE policy. If there is any change (update or revoke) of the attributes appearing in the key, the key in the AC will be updated upon the access request. This significantly reduces the overheads in updating and distributing keys of all users simultaneously compared to the existing CP-ABE based schemes. Finally, we conduct the experiment to evaluate the performance of our proposed scheme to show the efficiency of our proposed scheme.
Khuntia, Sucharita, Kumar, P. Syam.  2018.  New Hidden Policy CP-ABE for Big Data Access Control with Privacy-preserving Policy in Cloud Computing. 2018 9th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). :1—7.
Cloud offers flexible and cost effective storage for big data but the major challenge is access control of big data processing. CP-ABE is a desirable solution for data access control in cloud. However, in CP-ABE the access policy may leak user's private information. To address this issue, Hidden Policy CP-ABE schemes proposed but those schemes still causing data leakage problem because the access policies are partially hidden and create more computational cost. In this paper, we propose a New Hidden Policy Ciphertext Policy Attribute Based Encryption (HP-CP-ABE) to ensure Big Data Access Control with Privacy-preserving Policy in Cloud. In proposed method, we used Multi Secret Sharing Scheme(MSSS) to reduce the computational overhead, while encryption and decryption process. We also applied mask technique on each attribute in access policy and embed the access policy in ciphertext, to protect user's private information from access policy. The security analysis shows that HP-CP-ABE is more secure and preserve the access policy privacy. Performance evaluation shows that our schemes takes less computational cost than existing scheme.
Shelke, Vishakha M., Kenny, John.  2018.  Data Security in cloud computing using Hierarchical CP-ABE scheme with scalability and flexibility. 2018 International Conference on Smart City and Emerging Technology (ICSCET). :1—5.
Cloud computing has a major role in the development of commercial systems. It enables companies like Microsoft, Amazon, IBM and Google to deliver their services on a large scale to its users. A cloud service provider manages cloud computing based services and applications. For any organization a cloud service provider (CSP) is an entity which works within it. So it suffers from vulnerabilities associated with organization, including internal and external attacks. So its challenge to organization to secure a cloud service provider while providing quality of service. Attribute based encryption can be used to provide data security with Key policy attribute based encryption (KP-ABE) or ciphertext policy attribute based encryption (CP-ABE). But these schemes has lack of scalability and flexibility. Hierarchical CP-ABE scheme is proposed here to provide fine grained access control. Data security is achieved using encryption, authentication and authorization mechanisms. Attribute key generation is proposed for implementing authorization of users. The proposed system is prevented by SQL Injection attack.
Wang, Wei, Zhang, Guidong, Shen, Yongjun.  2018.  A CP-ABE Scheme Supporting Attribute Revocation and Policy Hiding in Outsourced Environment. 2018 IEEE 9th International Conference on Software Engineering and Service Science (ICSESS). :96—99.
Aiming at the increasing popularity of mobile terminals, a CP-ABE scheme adapted to lightweight decryption at the mobile end is proposed. The scheme has the function of supporting timely attributes revocation and policy hiding. Firstly, we will introduce the related knowledge of attribute base encryption. After that, we will give a specific CP-ABE solution. Finally, in the part of the algorithm analysis, we will give analysis performance and related security, and compare this algorithm with other algorithms.
Li, Chunhua, He, Jinbiao, Lei, Cheng, Guo, Chan, Zhou, Ke.  2018.  Achieving Privacy-Preserving CP-ABE Access Control with Multi-Cloud. 2018 IEEE Intl Conf on Parallel Distributed Processing with Applications, Ubiquitous Computing Communications, Big Data Cloud Computing, Social Computing Networking, Sustainable Computing Communications (ISPA/IUCC/BDCloud/SocialCom/SustainCom). :801—808.
Cloud storage service makes it very convenient for people to access and share data. At the same time, the confidentiality and privacy of user data is also facing great challenges. Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE) scheme is widely considered to be the most suitable security access control technology for cloud storage environment. Aiming at the problem of privacy leakage caused by single-cloud CP-ABE which is commonly adopted in the current schemes, this paper proposes a privacy-preserving CP-ABE access control scheme using multi-cloud architecture. By improving the traditional CP-ABE algorithm and introducing a proxy to cut the user's private key, it can ensure that only a part of the user attribute set can be obtained by a single cloud, which effectively protects the privacy of user attributes. Meanwhile, the intermediate logical structure of the access policy tree is stored in proxy, and only the leaf node information is stored in the ciphertext, which effectively protects the privacy of the access policy. Security analysis shows that our scheme is effective against replay and man-in-the-middle attacks, as well as user collusion attack. Experimental results also demonstrates that the multi-cloud CP-ABE does not significantly increase the overhead of storage and encryption compared to the single cloud scheme, but the access control overhead decreases as the number of clouds increases. When the access policy is expressed with a AND gate structure, the decryption overhead is obviously less than that of a single cloud environment.
Jiang, Feng, Qi, Buren, Wu, Tianhao, Zhu, Konglin, Zhang, Lin.  2019.  CPSS: CP-ABE based Platoon Secure Sensing Scheme against Cyber-Attacks. 2019 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC). :3218—3223.

Platoon is one of cooperative driving applications where a set of vehicles can collaboratively sense each other for driving safety and traffic efficiency. However, platoon without security insurance makes the cooperative vehicles vulnerable to cyber-attacks, which may cause life-threatening accidents. In this paper, we introduce malicious attacks in platoon maneuvers. To defend against these attacks, we propose a Cyphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE) based Platoon Secure Sensing scheme, named CPSS. In the CPSS, platoon key is encapsulated in the access control structure in the key distribution process, so that interference messages sending by attackers without the platoon key could be ignored. Therefore, the sensing data which contains speed and position information can be protected. In this way, speed and distance fluctuations caused by attacks can be mitigated even eliminated thereby avoiding the collisions and ensuring the overall platoon stability. Time complexity analysis shows that the CPSS is more efficient than that of the polynomial time solutions. Finally, to evaluate capabilities of the CPSS, we integrate a LTE-V2X with platoon maneuvers based on Veins platform. The evaluation results show that the CPSS outperforms the baseline algorithm by 25% in terms of distance variations.

Wang, Fucai, Shi, Ting, Li, Shijin.  2019.  Authorization of Searchable CP-ABE Scheme with Attribute Revocation in Cloud Computing. 2019 IEEE 8th Joint International Information Technology and Artificial Intelligence Conference (ITAIC). :204—208.

Most searchable attribute-based encryption schemes only support the search for single-keyword without attribute revocation, the data user cannot quickly detect the validity of the ciphertext returned by the cloud service provider. Therefore, this paper proposes an authorization of searchable CP-ABE scheme with attribute revocation and applies the scheme to the cloud computing environment. The data user to send the authorization information to the authorization server for authorization, assists the data user to effectively detect the ciphertext information returned by the cloud service provider while supporting the revocation of the user attribute in a fine-grained access control structure without updating the key during revocation stage. In the random oracle model based on the calculation of Diffie-Hellman problem, it is proved that the scheme can satisfy the indistinguishability of ciphertext and search trapdoor. Finally, the performance analysis shows that the scheme has higher computational efficiency.

Wu, Chuxin, Zhang, Peng, Liu, Hongwei, Liu, Yuhong.  2019.  Multi-keyword Ranked Searchable Encryption Supporting CP-ABE Test. 2019 Computing, Communications and IoT Applications (ComComAp). :220—225.

Internet of Things (IoT) and cloud computing are promising technologies that change the way people communicate and live. As the data collected through IoT devices often involve users' private information and the cloud is not completely trusted, users' private data are usually encrypted before being uploaded to cloud for security purposes. Searchable encryption, allowing users to search over the encrypted data, extends data flexibility on the premise of security. In this paper, to achieve the accurate and efficient ciphertext searching, we present an efficient multi-keyword ranked searchable encryption scheme supporting ciphertext-policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) test (MRSET). For efficiency, numeric hierarchy supporting ranked search is introduced to reduce the dimensions of vectors and matrices. For practicality, CP-ABE is improved to support access right test, so that only documents that the user can decrypt are returned. The security analysis shows that our proposed scheme is secure, and the experimental result demonstrates that our scheme is efficient.

Xiang, Guangli, Li, Beilei, Fu, Xiannong, Xia, Mengsen, Ke, Weiyi.  2019.  An Attribute Revocable CP-ABE Scheme. 2019 Seventh International Conference on Advanced Cloud and Big Data (CBD). :198—203.

Ciphertext storage can effectively solve the security problems in cloud storage, among which the ciphertext policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) is more suitable for ciphertext access control in cloud storage environment for it can achieve one-to-many ciphertext sharing. The existing attribute encryption scheme CP-ABE has problems with revocation such as coarse granularity, untimeliness, and low efficiency, which cannot meet the demands of cloud storage. This paper proposes an RCP-ABE scheme that supports real-time revocable fine-grained attributes for the existing attribute revocable scheme, the scheme of this paper adopts the version control technology to realize the instant revocation of the attributes. In the key update mechanism, the subset coverage technology is used to update the key, which reduces the workload of the authority. The experimental analysis shows that RCP-ABE is more efficient than other schemes.

Rotondi, Domenico, Saltarella, Marco.  2019.  Facing parallel market and counterfeit issues by the combined use of blockchain and CP-ABE encryption technologies. 2019 Global IoT Summit (GIoTS). :1—6.

Blockchains are emerging technologies that propose new business models and value propositions. Besides their application for cryptocurrency purposes, as distributed ledgers of transactions, they enable new ways to provision trusted information in a distributed fashion. In this paper, we present our product tagging solution designed to help Small & Medium Enterprises (SMEs) protect their brands against counterfeit products and parallel markets, as well as to enhance UX (User Experience) and promote the brand and product.Our solution combines the use of DLT to assure, in a verifiable and permanent way, the trustworthiness and confidentiality of the information associated to the goods and the innovative CP-ABE encryption technique to differentiate accessibility to the product's information.

Wu, Zhijun, Xu, Enzhong, Liu, Liang, Yue, Meng.  2019.  CHTDS: A CP-ABE Access Control Scheme Based on Hash Table and Data Segmentation in NDN. 2019 18th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/13th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :843—848.

For future Internet, information-centric networking (ICN) is considered a potential solution to many of its current problems, such as content distribution, mobility, and security. Named Data Networking (NDN) is a more popular ICN project. However, concern regarding the protection of user data persists. Information caching in NDN decouples content and content publishers, which leads to content security threats due to lack of secure controls. Therefore, this paper presents a CP-ABE (ciphertext policy attribute based encryption) access control scheme based on hash table and data segmentation (CHTDS). Based on data segmentation, CHTDS uses a method of linearly splitting fixed data blocks, which effectively improves data management. CHTDS also introduces CP-ABE mechanism and hash table data structure to ensure secure access control and privilege revocation does not need to re-encrypt the published content. The analysis results show that CHTDS can effectively realize the security and fine-grained access control in the NDN environment, and reduce communication overhead for content access.