Visible to the public Biblio

Found 245 results

Filters: Keyword is Peer-to-peer computing  [Clear All Filters]
Maddamsetty, Saketh, Tharwani, Ayush, Mishra, Debadatta.  2022.  MicroBlind: Flexible and Secure File System Middleware for Application Sandboxes. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Cloud Engineering (IC2E). :221–232.
Virtual machine (VM) based application sandboxes leverage strong isolation guarantees of virtualization techniques to address several security issues through effective containment of malware. Specifically, in end-user physical hosts, potentially vulnerable applications can be isolated from each other (and the host) using VM based sandboxes. However, sharing data across applications executing within different sandboxes is a non-trivial requirement for end-user systems because at the end of the day, all applications are used by the end-user owning the device. Existing file sharing techniques compromise the security or efficiency, especially considering lack of technical expertise of many end-users in the contemporary times. In this paper, we propose MicroBlind, a security hardened file sharing framework for virtualized sandboxes to support efficient data sharing across different application sandboxes. MicroBlind enables a simple file sharing management API for end users where the end user can orchestrate file sharing across different VM sandboxes in a secure manner. To demonstrate the efficacy of MicroBlind, we perform comprehensive empirical analysis against existing data sharing techniques (augmented for the sandboxing setup) and show that MicroBlind provides improved security and efficiency.
[Anonymous].  2022.  A Trust Based DNS System to Prevent Eclipse Attack on Blockchain Networks. 2022 15th International Conference on Security of Information and Networks (SIN). :01—08.
The blockchain network is often considered a reliable and secure network. However, some security attacks, such as eclipse attacks, have a significant impact on blockchain networks. In order to perform an eclipse attack, the attacker must be able to control enough IP addresses. This type of attack can be mitigated by blocking incoming connections. Connected machines may only establish outbound connections to machines they trust, such as those on a whitelist that other network peers maintain. However, this technique is not scalable since the solution does not allow nodes with new incoming communications to join the network. In this paper, we propose a scalable and secure trust-based solution against eclipse attacks with a peer-selection strategy that minimizes the probability of eclipse attacks from nodes in the network by developing a trust point. Finally, we experimentally analyze the proposed solution by creating a network simulation environment. The analysis results show that the proposed solution reduces the probability of an eclipse attack and has a success rate of over 97%.
Dong, Siyuan, Fan, Zhong.  2022.  Cybersecurity Threats Analysis and Management for Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading. 2022 IEEE 7th International Energy Conference (ENERGYCON). :1–6.
The distributed energy resources (DERs) have significantly stimulated the development of decentralized energy system and changed the way how the energy system works. In recent years, peer-to-peer (P2P) trading has drawn attention as a promising alternative for prosumers to engage with the energy market more actively, particular by using the emerging blockchain technology. Blockchain can securely hold critical information and store data in blocks linking with chain, providing a desired platform for the P2P energy trading. This paper provides a detailed description of blockchain-enabled P2P energy trading, its essential components, and how it can be implemented within the local energy market An analysis of potential threats during blockchain-enabled P2P energy trading is also performed, which subsequently results in a list of operation and privacy requirements suggested to be implemented in the local energy market.
Sicari, Christian, Catalfamo, Alessio, Galletta, Antonino, Villari, Massimo.  2022.  A Distributed Peer to Peer Identity and Access Management for the Osmotic Computing. 2022 22nd IEEE International Symposium on Cluster, Cloud and Internet Computing (CCGrid). :775–781.
Nowadays Osmotic Computing is emerging as one of the paradigms used to guarantee the Cloud Continuum, and this popularity is strictly related to the capacity to embrace inside it some hot topics like containers, microservices, orchestration and Function as a Service (FaaS). The Osmotic principle is quite simple, it aims to create a federated heterogeneous infrastructure, where an application's components can smoothly move following a concentration rule. In this work, we aim to solve two big constraints of Osmotic Computing related to the incapacity to manage dynamic access rules for accessing the applications inside the Osmotic Infrastructure and the incapacity to keep alive and secure the access to these applications even in presence of network disconnections. For overcoming these limits we designed and implemented a new Osmotic component, that acts as an eventually consistent distributed peer to peer access management system. This new component is used to keep a local Identity and Access Manager (IAM) that permits at any time to access the resource available in an Osmotic node and to update the access rules that allow or deny access to hosted applications. This component has been already integrated inside a Kubernetes based Osmotic Infrastructure and we presented two typical use cases where it can be exploited.
Ahmed, Shamim, Biswas, Milon, Hasanuzzaman, Md., Nayeen Mahi, Md. Julkar, Ashraful Islam, Md., Chaki, Sudipto, Gaur, Loveleen.  2022.  A Secured Peer-to-Peer Messaging System Based on Blockchain. 2022 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Engineering and Management (ICIEM). :332–337.
Nowadays, the messaging system is one of the most popular mobile applications, and therefore the authentication between clients is essential. Various kinds of such mobile applications are using encryption-based security protocols, but they are facing many security threat issues. It clearly defines the necessity for a trustful security procedure. Therefore, a blockchain-based messaging system could be an alternative to this problem. That is why, we have developed a secured peer-to-peer messaging system supported by blockchain. This proposed mechanism provides data security among the users. In a blockchain-based framework, all the information can be verified and controlled automatically and all the transactions are recorded that have been created already. In our paper, we have explained how the users can communicate through a blockchain-based messaging system that can maintain a secured network. We explored why blockchain would improve communication security in this post, and we proposed a model architecture for blockchain-based messaging that retains the performance and security of data stored on the blockchain. Our proposed architecture is completely decentralized and enables users to send and receive messages in an acceptable and secure manner.
Skaug, Kirsten Lunde, Smebye, Elise Breivik, Tola, Besmir, Jiang, Yuming.  2022.  Keeping Connected in Internet-Isolated Locations. 2022 Seventh International Conference On Mobile And Secure Services (MobiSecServ). :1–7.
In many scenarios, Internet connectivity may not be available. In such situations, device-to-device (D2D) communication may be utilized to establish a peer-to-peer (P2P) network among mobile users in the vicinity. However, this raises a fundamental question as is how to ensure secure communication in such an infrastructure-less network. In this paper, we present an approach that enables connectivity between mobile devices in the vicinity and supports secure communication between users in Internet-isolated locations. Specifically, the proposed solution uses Wi-Fi Aware for establishing a P2P network and the mTLS (mutual Transport Layer Security) protocol to provide mutually authenticated and encrypted message transfer. Besides, a novel decentralized peer authentication (DPA) scheme compatible with Wi-Fi Aware and TLS is proposed, which enables peers to verify other peers to join the network. A proof-of-concept instant messaging application has been developed to test the proposed DPA scheme and to evaluate the performance of the proposed overall approach. Experimental results, which validate the proposed solution, are presented with findings and limitations discussed.
ISSN: 2640-558X
Arumugam, Rajapandiyan, Subbaiyan, Thangavel.  2022.  A Review of Dynamic Pricing and Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading in Smart Cities with Emphasize on Electric Vehicles. 2022 4th International Conference on Energy, Power and Environment (ICEPE). :1–6.
There is momentous attention from researchers and practitioners all over the world towards one of the most advanced trends in the world, Smart cities. A smart city is an efficient and sustainable city that offers a superior life quality to all human beings through the optimum management of all its resources. Optimum energy management technique within the smart city is a challenging environment that needs a full focus on basic important needs and supports of the smart city. This includes Smart Grid (SG) infrastructure, Distributed Generation (DG) technology, Smart Home Energy Management System (HEMS), Smart Transportation System (STS), and Energy Storage System (ESS). Out of these five taxonomies, there have been some disputes addressed in profitability and security due to the major involvement of electromobility in the smart transportation system. It creates a big impact on the smart city environment. The disputes in profitability can be effectively handled with the use of dynamic pricing techniques and peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading mechanisms. On the other hand, security disputes can be overwhelmed by the use of blockchain technology. This paper reviews the energy management-related work on smart cities with the consideration of these basic important needs and supports.
Firdaus, Taufiq Maulana, Lubis, Fahdi Saidi, Lubis, Muharman.  2022.  Financial Technology Risk Analysis for Peer to Peer Lending Process: A Case Study of Sharia Aggregator Financial Technology. 2022 10th International Conference on Cyber and IT Service Management (CITSM). :1–4.
Financial technology (Fintech) is an amalgamation of financial management using a technology system. Fintech has become a public concern because this service provides many service features to make it easier from the financial side, such as being used in cooperative financial institutions, banking and insurance. This paper will analyze the opportunities and challenges of Fintech sharia in Indonesia. By exploring the existing literature, this article will try to answer that question. This research is carried out using a literature review approach and comparative qualitative method which will determined the results of the SWOT analysis of sharia financial technology in indonesia. It is needed to mitigate risk of funding in a peer to peer method in overcoming the security of funds and data from investors, firstly companies can perform transparency on the clarity of investor funds. This is done as one of the facilities provided to investors in the Fintech application. In the future, it is hoped that in facing competition, sharia-based fintech companies must be able to provide targeted services through the socialization of sharia fintech to the public, both online and offline. Investors are expected to be more careful before investing in choosing Fintech Peer to Peer (P2P) Lending services by checking the list of Fintech lending and lending companies registered and found by the Financial Services Authority (OJK).
ISSN: 2770-159X
Sarapan, Waranyu, Boonrakchat, Nonthakorn, Paudel, Ashok, Booraksa, Terapong, Boonraksa, Promphak, Marungsri, Boonruang.  2022.  Optimal Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading by Applying Blockchain to Islanded Microgrid Considering V2G. 2022 19th International Conference on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology (ECTI-CON). :1–4.
Energy trading in small groups or microgrids is interesting to study. The energy market may overgrow in the future, so accessing the energy market by small prosumers may not be difficult anymore. This paper has modeled a decentralized P2P energy trading and exchange system in a microgrid group. The Islanded microgrid system is simulated to create a small energy producer and consumer trading situation. The simulation results show the increasing energy transactions and profit when including V2G as an energy storage device. In addition, blockchain is used for system security because a peer-to-peer marketplace has no intermediary control.
Wang, Zirui, Duan, Shaoming, Wu, Chengyue, Lin, Wenhao, Zha, Xinyu, Han, Peiyi, Liu, Chuanyi.  2022.  Generative Data Augmentation for Non-IID Problem in Decentralized Clinical Machine Learning. 2022 4th International Conference on Data Intelligence and Security (ICDIS). :336–343.
Swarm learning (SL) is an emerging promising decentralized machine learning paradigm and has achieved high performance in clinical applications. SL solves the problem of a central structure in federated learning by combining edge computing and blockchain-based peer-to-peer network. While there are promising results in the assumption of the independent and identically distributed (IID) data across participants, SL suffers from performance degradation as the degree of the non-IID data increases. To address this problem, we propose a generative augmentation framework in swarm learning called SL-GAN, which augments the non-IID data by generating the synthetic data from participants. SL-GAN trains generators and discriminators locally, and periodically aggregation via a randomly elected coordinator in SL network. Under the standard assumptions, we theoretically prove the convergence of SL-GAN using stochastic approximations. Experimental results demonstrate that SL-GAN outperforms state-of-art methods on three real world clinical datasets including Tuberculosis, Leukemia, COVID-19.
Paudel, Amrit, Sampath, Mohasha, Yang, Jiawei, Gooi, Hoay Beng.  2022.  Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading in Smart Grid Considering Power Losses and Network Fees. 2022 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM). :1—1.

Peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading is one of the promising approaches for implementing decentralized electricity market paradigms. In the P2P trading, each actor negotiates directly with a set of trading partners. Since the physical network or grid is used for energy transfer, power losses are inevitable, and grid-related costs always occur during the P2P trading. A proper market clearing mechanism is required for the P2P energy trading between different producers and consumers. This paper proposes a decentralized market clearing mechanism for the P2P energy trading considering the privacy of the agents, power losses as well as the utilization fees for using the third party owned network. Grid-related costs in the P2P energy trading are considered by calculating the network utilization fees using an electrical distance approach. The simulation results are presented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed decentralized approach for market clearing in P2P energy trading.

Joseph, Abin John, Sani, Nidhin, V, Vineeth M., Kumar, K. Suresh, Kumar, T. Ananth, Nishanth, R..  2022.  Towards a Novel and Efficient Public Key Management for Peer-Peer Security in Wireless Ad-Hoc/sensor Networks. 2022 International Conference on Smart Technologies and Systems for Next Generation Computing (ICSTSN). :1—4.
Key management for self-organized wireless ad-hoc networks using peer-to-peer (P2P) keys is the primary goal of this article (SOWANs). Currently, wireless networks have centralized security architectures, making them difficult to secure. In most cases, ad-hoc wireless networks are not connected to trusted authorities or central servers. They are more prone to fragmentation and disintegration as a result of node and link failures. Traditional security solutions that rely on online trusted authorities do not work together to protect networks that are not planned. With open wireless networks, anyone can join or leave at any time with the right equipment, and no third party is required to verify their identity. These networks are best suited for this proposed method. Each node can make, distribute, and revoke its keying material in this paper. A minimal amount of communication and computation is required to accomplish this task. So that they can authenticate one another and create shared keys, nodes in the self-organized version of the system must communicate via a secure side channel between the users' devices.
Jia, Yaoqi, Tople, Shruti, Moataz, Tarik, Gong, Deli, Saxena, Prateek, Liang, Zhenkai.  2020.  Robust P2P Primitives Using SGX Enclaves. 2020 IEEE 40th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS). :1185–1186.
Peer-to-peer (P2P) systems such as BitTorrent and Bitcoin are susceptible to serious attacks from byzantine nodes that join as peers. Due to well-known impossibility results for designing P2P primitives in unrestricted byzantine settings, research has explored many adversarial models with additional assumptions, ranging from mild (such as pre-established PKI) to strong (such as the existence of common random coins). One such widely-studied model is the general-omission model, which yields simple protocols with good efficiency, but has been considered impractical or unrealizable since it artificially limits the adversary only to omitting messages.In this work, we study the setting of a synchronous network wherein peer nodes have CPUs equipped with a recent trusted computing mechanism called Intel SGX. In this model, we observe that the byzantine adversary reduces to the adversary in the general-omission model. As a first result, we show that by leveraging SGX features, we eliminate any source of advantage for a byzantine adversary beyond that gained by omitting messages, making the general-omission model realizable. Our evaluation of 1000 nodes running on 40 DeterLab machines confirms theoretical efficiency claim.
Ageed, Zainab Salih, Zeebaree, Subhi R. M., Sadeeq, Mohammed A. M., Ibrahim, Rowaida Khalil, Shukur, Hanan M., Alkhayyat, Ahmed.  2021.  Comprehensive Study of Moving from Grid and Cloud Computing Through Fog and Edge Computing towards Dew Computing. 2021 4th International Iraqi Conference on Engineering Technology and Their Applications (IICETA). :68—74.
Dew Computing (DC) is a comparatively modern field with a wide range of applications. By examining how technological advances such as fog, edge and Dew computing, and distributed intelligence force us to reconsider traditional Cloud Computing (CC) to serve the Internet of Things. A new dew estimation theory is presented in this article. The revised definition is as follows: DC is a software and hardware cloud-based company. On-premises servers provide autonomy and collaborate with cloud networks. Dew Calculation aims to enhance the capabilities of on-premises and cloud-based applications. These categories can result in the development of new applications. In the world, there has been rapid growth in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), starting with Grid Computing (GC), CC, Fog Computing (FC), and the latest Edge Computing (EC) technology. DC technologies, infrastructure, and applications are described. We’ll go through the newest developments in fog networking, QoE, cloud at the edge, platforms, security, and privacy. The dew-cloud architecture is an option concerning the current client-server architecture, where two servers are located at opposite ends. In the absence of an Internet connection, a dew server helps users browse and track their details. Data are primarily stored as a local copy on the dew server that starts the Internet and is synchronized with the cloud master copy. The local dew pages, a local online version of the current website, can be browsed, read, written, or added to the users. Mapping between different Local Dew sites has been made possible using the dew domain name scheme and dew domain redirection.
Pranesh, S.A., Kannan V., Vignesh, Viswanathan, N., Vijayalakshmi, M..  2020.  Design and Analysis of Incentive Mechanism for Ethereum-based Supply Chain Management Systems. 2020 11th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). :1—6.
Blockchain is becoming more popular because of its decentralized, secured, and transparent nature. Supply chain and its management is indispensable to improve customer services, reduce operating costs and improve financial position of a firm. Integration of blockchain and supply chain is substantial, but it alone is not enough for the sustainability of supply chain systems. The proposed mechanism speaks about the method of rewarding the supply chain parties with incentives so as to improve the security and make the integration of supply chain with blockchain sustainable. The proposed incentive mechanism employs the co-operative approach of game theory where all the supply chain parties show a cooperative behavior of following the blockchain-based supply chain protocols and also this mechanism makes a fair attempt in rewarding the supply chain parties with incentives.
Fan, Wenjun, Chang, Sang-Yoon, Zhou, Xiaobo, Xu, Shouhuai.  2021.  ConMan: A Connection Manipulation-based Attack Against Bitcoin Networking. 2021 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). :101–109.
Bitcoin is a representative cryptocurrency system using a permissionless peer-to-peer (P2P) network as its communication infrastructure. A number of attacks against Bitcoin have been discovered over the past years, including the Eclipse and EREBUS Attacks. In this paper, we present a new attack against Bitcoin’s P2P networking, dubbed ConMan because it leverages connection manipulation. ConMan achieves the same effect as the Eclipse and EREBUS Attacks in isolating a target (i.e., victim) node from the rest of the Bitcoin network. However, ConMan is different from these attacks because it is an active and deterministic attack, and is more effective and efficient. We validate ConMan through proof-of-concept exploitation in an environment that is coupled with real-world Bitcoin node functions. Experimental results show that ConMan only needs a few minutes to fully control the peer connections of a target node, which is in sharp contrast to the tens of days that are needed by the Eclipse and EREBUS Attacks. Further, we propose several countermeasures against ConMan. Some of them would be effective but incompatible with the design principles of Bitcoin, while the anomaly detection approach is positively achievable. We disclosed ConMan to the Bitcoin Core team and received their feedback, which confirms ConMan and the proposed countermeasures.
Fan, Wenjun, Hong, Hsiang-Jen, Wuthier, Simeon, Zhou, Xiaobo, Bai, Yan, Chang, Sang-Yoon.  2021.  Security Analyses of Misbehavior Tracking in Bitcoin Network. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain and Cryptocurrency (ICBC). :1–3.
Because Bitcoin P2P networking is permissionless by the application requirement, it is vulnerable against networking threats based on identity/credential manipulations such as Sybil and spoofing attacks. The current Bitcoin implementation keeps track of its peer's networking misbehaviors through ban score. In this paper, we investigate the security problems of the ban-score mechanism and discover that the ban score is not only ineffective against the Bitcoin Message-based DoS attacks but also vulnerable to a Defamation attack. In the Defamation attack, the network adversary can exploit the ban-score mechanism to defame innocent peers.
Heck, Henner, Kieselmann, Olga, Wacker, Arno.  2016.  Evaluating Connection Resilience for Self-Organizing Cyber-Physical Systems. 2016 IEEE 10th International Conference on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems (SASO). :140–141.
Highly distributed self-organizing CPS exhibit coordination schemata and communication requirements which are similar to structured overlay networks. To determine the resilience of such overlays, we analyze the connectivity of Kademlia, which has been successfully deployed in multiple applications with several thousands of nodes, e.g., BitTorrent. We measure the network connectivity within extensive simulations for different network configurations and present selected results.
Kalai Chelvi, T., Ramapraba, P. S., Sathya Priya, M., Vimala, S., Shobarani, R., Jeshwanth, N L, Babisha, A..  2021.  A Web Application for Prevention of Inference Attacks using Crowd Sourcing in Social Networks. 2021 2nd International Conference on Smart Electronics and Communication (ICOSEC). :328—332.
Many people are becoming more reliant on internet social media sites like Facebook. Users can utilize these networks to reveal articles to them and engage with your peers. Several of the data transmitted from these connections is intended to be confidential. However, utilizing publicly available data and learning algorithms, it is feasible to forecast concealed informative data. The proposed research work investigates the different ways to initiate deduction attempts on freely released photo sharing data in order to envisage concealed informative data. Next, this research study offers three distinct sanitization procedures that could be used in a range of scenarios. Moreover, the effectualness of all these strategies and endeavor to utilize collective teaching and research to reveal important bits of the data set are analyzed. It shows how, by using the sanitization methods presented here, a user may lower the accuracy by including both global and interpersonal categorization techniques.
Uddin, Md. Nasim, Hasnat, Abu Hayat Mohammed Abul, Nasrin, Shamima, Alam, Md. Shahinur, Yousuf, Mohammad Abu.  2021.  Secure File Sharing System Using Blockchain, IPFS and PKI Technologies. 2021 5th International Conference on Electrical Information and Communication Technology (EICT). :1—5.
People are dependent on Trusted Third Party (TTP) administration based Centralized systems for content sharing having a deficit of security, faith, immutability, and clearness. This work has proposed a file-sharing environment based on Blockchain by clouting the Interplanetary File System (IPFS) and Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) systems, advantages for overcoming these troubles. The smart contract is implemented to control the access privilege and the modified version of IPFS software is utilized to enforce the predefined access-control list. An application framework on a secure decentralized file sharing system is presented in combination with IPFS and PKI to secure file sharing. PKI having public and private keys is used to enable encryption and decryption of every file transaction and authentication of identities through Metamask to cryptographically recognize account ownership in the Blockchain system. A gas consumption-based result analysis is done in the private Ethereum network and it attains transparency, security managed access, and quality of data indicating better efficacy of this work.
Lin, Shanshan, Yin, Jie, Pei, Qingqi, Wang, Le, Wang, Zhangquan.  2021.  A Nested Incentive Scheme for Distributed File Sharing Systems. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Smart Internet of Things (SmartIoT). :60—65.
In the distributed file sharing system, a large number of users share bandwidth, upload resources and store them in a decentralized manner, thus offering both an abundant supply of high-quality resources and high-speed download. However, some users only enjoy the convenient service without uploading or sharing, which is called free riding. Free-riding may discourage other honest users. When free-riding users mount to a certain number, the platform may fail to work. The current available incentive mechanisms, such as reciprocal incentive mechanisms and reputation-based incentive mechanisms, which suffer simple incentive models, inability to achieve incentive circulation and dependence on a third-party trusted agency, are unable to completely solve the free-riding problem.In this paper we build a blockchain-based distributed file sharing platform and design a nested incentive scheme for this platform. The proposed nested incentive mechanism achieves the circulation of incentives in the platform and does not rely on any trusted third parties for incentive distribution, thus providing a better solution to free-riding. Our distributed file sharing platform prototype is built on the current mainstream blockchain. Nested incentive scheme experiments on this platform verify the effectiveness and superiority of our incentive scheme in solving the free-riding problem compared to other schemes.
Cherupally, Sumanth Reddy, Boga, Srinivas, Podili, Prashanth, Kataoka, Kotaro.  2021.  Lightweight and Scalable DAG based distributed ledger for verifying IoT data integrity. 2021 International Conference on Information Networking (ICOIN). :267—272.
Verifying the integrity of IoT data in cloud-based IoT architectures is crucial for building reliable IoT applications. Traditional data integrity verification methods rely on a Trusted Third Party (TTP) that has issues of risk and operational cost by centralization. Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) has a high potential to verify IoT data integrity and overcome the problems with TTPs. However, the existing DLTs have low transaction throughput, high computational and storage overhead, and are unsuitable for IoT environments, where a massive scale of data is generated. Recently, Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) based DLTs have been proposed to address the low transaction throughput of linear DLTs. However, the integration of IoT Gateways (GWs) into the peer to peer (P2P) DLT network is challenging because of their low storage and computational capacity. This paper proposes Lightweight and Scalable DAG based distributed ledger for IoT (LSDI) that can work with resource-constrained IoT GWs to provide fast and scalable IoT data integrity verification. LSDI uses two key techniques: Pruning and Clustering, to reduce 1) storage overhead in IoT GWs by removing sufficiently old transactions, and 2) computational overhead of IoT GWs by partitioning a large P2P network into smaller P2P networks. The evaluation results of the proof of concept implementation showed that the proposed LSDI system achieves high transaction throughput and scalability while efficiently managing storage and computation overhead of the IoT GWs.
Yadav, Ashok Kumar.  2021.  Significance of Elliptic Curve Cryptography in Blockchain IoT with Comparative Analysis of RSA Algorithm. 2021 International Conference on Computing, Communication, and Intelligent Systems (ICCCIS). :256—262.
In the past few years, the blockchain emerged as peer-to-peer distributed ledger technology for recording transactions, maintained by many peers without any central trusted regulatory authority through distributed public-key cryptography and consensus mechanism. It has not only given the birth of cryptocurrencies, but it also resolved various security, privacy and transparency issues of decentralized systems. This article discussed the blockchain basics overview, architecture, and blockchain security components such as hash function, Merkle tree, digital signature, and Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC). In addition to the core idea of blockchain, we focus on ECC's significance in the blockchain. We also discussed why RSA and other key generation mechanisms are not suitable for blockchain-based IoT applications. We also analyze many possible blockchain-based applications where ECC algorithm is better than other algorithms concerning security and privacy assurance. At the end of the article, we will explain the comparative analysis of ECC and RSA.
Eisenbarth, Jean-Philippe, Cholez, Thibault, Perrin, Olivier.  2021.  An open measurement dataset on the Bitcoin P2P Network. 2021 IFIP/IEEE International Symposium on Integrated Network Management (IM). :643—647.
The Bitcoin blockchain is managed by an underlying peer-to-peer network. This network is responsible for the propagation of transactions carried out by users via the blocks (which contain the validated transactions), and to ensure consensus between the different nodes. The quality and safety of this network are therefore particularly essential. In this work, we present an open dataset on the peers composing the Bitcoin P2P Network that was made following a well defined and reproducible methodology. We also provide a first analysis of the dataset on three criteria: the number of public nodes and their client version and geographical distribution.
Ramalingam, M., Saranya, D., ShankarRam, R..  2021.  An Efficient and Effective Blockchain-based Data Aggregation for Voting System. 2021 International Conference on System, Computation, Automation and Networking (ICSCAN). :1—4.
Blockchain is opening up new avenues for the development of new sorts of digital services. In this article, we'll employ the transparent Blockchain method to propose a system for collecting data from many sources and databases for use in local and national elections. The Blockchain-based system will be safe, trustworthy, and private. It will assist to know the overall count of the candidates who participated and it functions in the same way as people's faith in their governments does. Blockchain technology is the one that handles the actual vote. We use the secure hash algorithm for resolving this problem and tried to bring a solution through the usage of this booming technology. A centralized database in a blockchain system keeps track of the secure electronic interactions of users in a peer-to-peer network.