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Wiefling, Stephan, Tolsdorf, Jan, Iacono, Luigi Lo.  2021.  Privacy Considerations for Risk-Based Authentication Systems. 2021 IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy Workshops (EuroS&PW). :320—327.
Risk-based authentication (RBA) extends authentication mechanisms to make them more robust against account takeover attacks, such as those using stolen passwords. RBA is recommended by NIST and NCSC to strengthen password-based authentication, and is already used by major online services. Also, users consider RBA to be more usable than two-factor authentication and just as secure. However, users currently obtain RBA’s high security and usability benefits at the cost of exposing potentially sensitive personal data (e.g., IP address or browser information). This conflicts with user privacy and requires to consider user rights regarding the processing of personal data. We outline potential privacy challenges regarding different attacker models and propose improvements to balance privacy in RBA systems. To estimate the properties of the privacy-preserving RBA enhancements in practical environments, we evaluated a subset of them with long-term data from 780 users of a real-world online service. Our results show the potential to increase privacy in RBA solutions. However, it is limited to certain parameters that should guide RBA design to protect privacy. We outline research directions that need to be considered to achieve a widespread adoption of privacy preserving RBA with high user acceptance.
Makarova, Mariia S., Maksutov, Artem A..  2021.  Methods of Detecting and Neutralizing Potential DHCP Rogue Servers. 2021 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (ElConRus). :522—525.
In the continuously evolving environment, computer security has become a convenient challenge because of the rapid rise and expansion of the Internet. One of the most significant challenges to networks is attacks on network resources caused by inadequate network security. DHCP is defenseless to a number of attacks, such as DHCP rogue server attacks. This work is focused on developing a method of detecting these attacks and granting active host protection on GNU/Linux operating systems. Unauthorized DHCP servers can be easily arranged and compete with the legitimate server on the local network that can be the result of distributing incorrect IP addresses, malicious DNS server addresses, invalid routing information to unsuspecting clients, intercepting and eavesdropping on communications, and so on. The goal is to prevent the situations described above by recognizing untrusted DHCP servers and providing active host protection on the local network.
Gallus, Petr, Frantis, Petr.  2021.  Security analysis of the Raspbian Linux operating system and its settings to increase resilience against attacks via network interface. 2021 International Conference on Military Technologies (ICMT). :1—5.
The Internet, originally an academic network for the rapid exchange of information, has moved over time into the commercial media, business and later industrial communications environment. Recently, it has been included as a part of cyberspace as a combat domain. Any device connected to the unprotected Internet is thus exposed to possible attacks by various groups and individuals pursuing various criminal, security and political objectives. Therefore, each such device must be set up to be as resistant as possible to these attacks. For the implementation of small home, academic or industrial systems, people very often use small computing system Raspberry PI, which is usually equipped with the operating system Raspbian Linux. Such a device is often connected to an unprotected Internet environment and if successfully attacked, can act as a gateway for an attacker to enter the internal network of an organization or home. This paper deals with security configuration of Raspbian Linux operating system for operation on public IP addresses in an unprotected Internet environment. The content of this paper is the conduction and analysis of an experiment in which five Raspbian Linux/Raspberry PI accounts were created with varying security levels; the easiest to attack is a simulation of the device of a user who has left the system without additional security. The accounts that follow gradually add further protection and security. These accounts are used to simulate a variety of experienced users, and in a practical experiment the effects of these security measures are evaluated; such as the number of successful / unsuccessful attacks; where the attacks are from; the type and intensity of the attacks; and the target of the attack. The results of this experiment lead to formulated conclusions containing an analysis of the attack and subsequent design recommendations and settings to secure such a device. The subsequent section of the paper discusses the implementation of a simple TCP server that is configured to listen to incoming traffic on preset ports; it simulates the behaviour of selected services on these ports. This server's task is to intercept unauthorized connection attempts to these ports and intercepting attempts to communicate or attack these services. These recorded attack attempts are analyzed in detail and formulated in the conclusion, including implications for the security settings of such a device. The overall result of this paper is the recommended set up of operating system Raspbian Linux to work on public IP addresses in an unfiltered Internet environment.
Que, Jianming, Li, Hui, Bai, He, Lin, Lihong, Liew, Soung-Yue, Wuttisittikulkij, Lunchakorn.  2021.  A Network Architecture Containing Both Push and Pull Semantics. 2021 7th International Conference on Computer and Communications (ICCC). :2211—2216.
Recently, network usage has evolved from resource sharing between hosts to content distribution and retrieval. Some emerging network architectures, like Named Data Networking (NDN), focus on the design of content-oriented network paradigm. However, these clean-slate network architectures are difficult to be deployed progressively and deal with the new communication requirements. Multi-Identifier Network (MIN) is a promising network architecture that contains push and pull communication semantics and supports the resolution, routing and extension of multiple network identifiers. MIN's original design was proposed in 2019, which has been improved over the past two years. In this paper, we present the current design and implementation of MIN. We also propose a fallback-based identifier extension scheme to improve the extensibility of the network. We demonstrate that MIN outperforms NDN in the scenario of progressive deployment via IP tunnel.
Thom, Jay, Shah, Yash, Sengupta, Shamik.  2021.  Correlation of Cyber Threat Intelligence Data Across Global Honeypots. 2021 IEEE 11th Annual Computing and Communication Workshop and Conference (CCWC). :0766–0772.
Today's global network is filled with attackers both live and automated seeking to identify and compromise vulnerable devices, with initial scanning and attack activity occurring within minutes or even seconds of being connected to the Internet. To better understand these events, honeypots can be deployed to monitor and log activity by simulating actual Internet facing services such as SSH, Telnet, HTTP, or FTP, and malicious activity can be logged as attempts are made to compromise them. In this study six multi-service honeypots are deployed in locations around the globe to collect and catalog traffic over a period of several months between March and December, 2020. Analysis is performed on various characteristics including source and destination IP addresses and port numbers, usernames and passwords utilized, commands executed, and types of files downloaded. In addition, Cowrie log data is restructured to observe individual attacker sessions, study command sequences, and monitor tunneling activity. This data is then correlated across honeypots to compare attack and traffic patterns with the goal of learning more about the tactics being employed. By gathering data gathered from geographically separate zones over a long period of time a greater understanding can be developed regarding attacker intent and methodology, can aid in the development of effective approaches to identifying malicious behavior and attack sources, and can serve as a cyber-threat intelligence feed.
Chin, Kota, Omote, Kazumasa.  2021.  Analysis of Attack Activities for Honeypots Installation in Ethereum Network. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain (Blockchain). :440–447.
In recent years, blockchain-based cryptocurren-cies have attracted much attention. Attacks targeting cryptocurrencies and related services directly profit an attacker if successful. Related studies have reported attacks targeting configuration-vulnerable nodes in Ethereum using a method called honeypots to observe malicious user attacks. They have analyzed 380 million observed requests and showed that attacks had to that point taken at least 4193 Ether. However, long-term observations using honeypots are difficult because the cost of maintaining honeypots is high. In this study, we analyze the behavior of malicious users using our honeypot system. More precisely, we clarify the pre-investigation that a malicious user performs before attacks. We show that the cost of maintaining a honeypot can be reduced. For example, honeypots need to belong in Ethereum's P2P network but not to the mainnet. Further, if they belong to the testnet, the cost of storage space can be reduced.
Başer, Melike, Güven, Ebu Yusuf, Aydın, Muhammed Ali.  2021.  SSH and Telnet Protocols Attack Analysis Using Honeypot Technique: Analysis of SSH AND ℡NET Honeypot. 2021 6th International Conference on Computer Science and Engineering (UBMK). :806–811.
Generally, the defense measures taken against new cyber-attack methods are insufficient for cybersecurity risk management. Contrary to classical attack methods, the existence of undiscovered attack types called’ zero-day attacks’ can invalidate the actions taken. It is possible with honeypot systems to implement new security measures by recording the attacker’s behavior. The purpose of the honeypot is to learn about the methods and tools used by the attacker or malicious activity. In particular, it allows us to discover zero-day attack types and develop new defense methods for them. Attackers have made protocols such as SSH (Secure Shell) and Telnet, which are widely used for remote access to devices, primary targets. In this study, SSHTelnet honeypot was established using Cowrie software. Attackers attempted to connect, and attackers record their activity after providing access. These collected attacker log records and files uploaded to the system are published on Github to other researchers1. We shared the observations and analysis results of attacks on SSH and Telnet protocols with honeypot.
Grewe, Dennis, Wagner, Marco, Ambalavanan, Uthra, Liu, Liming, Nayak, Naresh, Schildt, Sebastian.  2021.  On the Design of an Information-Centric Networking Extension for IoT APIs. 2021 IEEE 94th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2021-Fall). :1–6.
Both the Internet of Things (IoT) and Information Centric Networking (ICN) have gathered a lot of attention from both research and industry in recent years. While ICN has proved to be beneficial in many situations, it is not widely deployed outside research projects, also not addressing needs of IoT application programming interfaces (APIs). On the other hand, today's IoT solutions are built on top of the host-centric communication model associated with the usage of the Internet Protocol (IP). This paper contributes a discussion on the need of an integration of a specific form of IoT APIs, namely WebSocket based streaming APIs, into an ICN. Furthermore, different access models are discussed and requirements are derived from real world APIs. Finally, the design of an ICN-style extension is presented using one of the examined APIs.
Ji, Songyan, Dong, Jian, Qiu, Junfu, Gu, Bowen, Wang, Ye, Wang, Tongqi.  2021.  Increasing Fuzz Testing Coverage for Smart Contracts with Dynamic Taint Analysis. 2021 IEEE 21st International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security (QRS). :243–247.
Nowadays, smart contracts manage more and more digital assets and have become an attractive target for adversaries. To prevent smart contracts from malicious attacks, a thorough test is indispensable and must be finished before deployment because smart contracts cannot be modified after being deployed. Fuzzing is an important testing approach, but most existing smart contract fuzzers can hardly solve the constraints which involve deeply nested conditional statements, resulting in low coverage. To address this problem, we propose Targy, an efficient targeted mutation strategy based on dynamic taint analysis. We obtain the taint flow by dynamic taint propagation, and generate a more accurate mutation strategy for the input parameters of functions to simultaneously satisfy all conditional statements. We implemented Targy on sFuzz with 3.6 thousand smart contracts running on Ethereum. The numbers of covered branches and detected vulnerabilities increase by 6% and 7% respectively, and the average time required for covering a branch is reduced by 11 %.
Marian, Constantin Viorel.  2021.  DNS Records Secure Provisioning Mechanism for Virtual Machines automatic management in high density data centers. 2021 IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking (BlackSeaCom). :1–5.
Nowadays is becoming trivial to have multiple virtual machines working in parallel on hardware platforms with high processing power. This appropriate cost effective approach can be found at Internet Service Providers, in cloud service providers’ environments, in research and development lab testing environment (for example Universities’ student’s lab), in virtual application for security evaluation and in many other places. In the aforementioned cases, it is often necessary to start and/or stop virtual machines on the fly. In cloud service providers all the creation / tear down actions are triggered by a customer request and cannot be postponed or delayed for later evaluation. When a new virtual machine is created, it is imperative to assign unique IP addresses to all network interfaces and also domain name system DNS records that contain text based data, IP addresses, etc. Even worse, if a virtual machine has to be stopped or torn down, the critical network resources such as IP addresses and DNS records have to be carefully controlled in order to avoid IP addresses conflicts and name resolution problems between an old virtual machine and a newly created virtual machine. This paper proposes a provisioning mechanism to avoid both DNS records and IP addresses conflicts due to human misconfiguration, problems that can cause networking operation service disruptions.
Hammad, Mohamed, Elmedany, Wael, Ismail, Yasser.  2021.  Design and Simulation of AES S-Box Towards Data Security in Video Surveillance Using IP Core Generator. 2021 International Conference on Innovation and Intelligence for Informatics, Computing, and Technologies (3ICT). :469–476.
Broadcasting applications such as video surveillance systems are using High Definition (HD) videos. The use of high-resolution videos increases significantly the data volume of video coding standards such as High-Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) and Advanced Video Coding (AVC), which increases the challenge for storing, processing, encrypting, and transmitting these data over different communication channels. Video compression standards use state-of-the-art techniques to compress raw video sequences more efficiently, such techniques require high computational complexity and memory utilization. With the emergent of using HEVC and video surveillance systems, many security risks arise such as man-in-the-middle attacks, and unauthorized disclosure. Such risks can be mitigated by encrypting the traffic of HEVC. The most widely used encryption algorithm is the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). Most of the computational complexity in AES hardware-implemented is due to S-box or sub-byte operation and that because it needs many resources and it is a non-linear structure. The proposed AES S-box ROM design considers the latest HEVC used for homeland security video surveillance systems. This paper presents different designs for VHDL efficient ROM implementation of AES S-box using IP core generator, ROM components, and using Functions, which are all supported by Xilinx. IP core generator has Block Memory Generator (BMG) component in its library. S-box IP core ROM is implemented using Single port block memory. The S-box lookup table has been used to fill the ROM using the .coe file format provided during the initialization of the IP core ROM. The width is set to 8-bit to address the 256 values while the depth is set to 8-bit which represents the data filed in the ROM. The whole design is synthesized using Xilinx ISE Design Suite 14.7 software, while Modelism (version10.4a) is used for the simulation process. The proposed IP core ROM design has shown better memory utilization compared to non-IP core ROM design, which is more suitable for memory-intensive applications. The proposed design is suitable for implementation using the FPGA ROM design. Hardware complexity, frequency, memory utilization, and delay are presented in this paper.
Shehab, Manal, Korany, Noha, Sadek, Nayera.  2021.  Evaluation of the IP Identification Covert Channel Anomalies Using Support Vector Machine. 2021 IEEE 26th International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD). :1–6.
IP Identification (IP ID) is an IP header field that identifies a data packet in the network to distinguish its fragments from others during the reassembly process. Random generated IP ID field could be used as a covert channel by embedding hidden bits within it. This paper uses the support vector machine (SVM) while enabling a features reduction procedure for investigating to what extend could the entropy feature of the IP ID covert channel affect the detection. Then, an entropy-based SVM is employed to evaluate the roles of the IP ID covert channel hidden bits on detection. Results show that, entropy is a distinct discrimination feature in classifying and detecting the IP ID covert channel with high accuracy. Additionally, it is found that each of the type, the number and the position of the hidden bits within the IP ID field has a specified influence on the IP ID covert channel detection accuracy.
Tanakas, Petros, Ilias, Aristidis, Polemi, Nineta.  2021.  A Novel System for Detecting and Preventing SQL Injection and Cross-Site-Script. 2021 International Conference on Electrical, Computer and Energy Technologies (ICECET). :1–6.
SQL Injection and Cross-Site Scripting are the two most common attacks in database-based web applications. In this paper we propose a system to detect different types of SQL injection and XSS attacks associated with a web application, without the existence of any firewall, while significantly reducing the network overhead. We use properly modifications of the Nginx Reverse Proxy protocols and Suricata NIDS/ IPS rules. Pure work has been done from other researchers based on the capabilities of Nginx and Suricata and our approach with the experimental results provided in the paper demonstrate the efficiency of our system.
Paul, Rosebell, Selvan, Mercy Paul.  2021.  A Study On Naming and Caching in Named Data Networking. 2021 Fifth International Conference on I-SMAC (IoT in Social, Mobile, Analytics and Cloud) (I-SMAC). :1387–1395.
This paper examines the fast approaching highly secure and content centric data sharing architecture Named Data Networking. The content name plays the key role in NDN. Most of the users are interested only in the content or information and thereby the host centric internet architecture is losing its importance. Different naming conventions and caching strategies used in Named Data Networking based applications have been discussed in this study. The convergence of NDN with the vehicular networks and the ongoing studies in it will make the path to Intelligent Transportation system more optimized and efficient. It describes the future internet and this idea has taken root in most of the upcoming IOT applications which are going to conquer every phase of life. Though it is in its infancy stage of development, NDN will soon take over traditional IP Architecture.
Gupta, Divya, Wadhwa, Shivani, Rani, Shalli.  2021.  On the Role of Named Data Networking for IoT Content Distribution. 2021 6th International Conference on Communication and Electronics Systems (ICCES). :544–549.
The initially designed internet aimed to create a communication network. The hosts share specific IP addresses to establish a communication channel to transfer messages. However, with the advancement of internet technologies as well as recent growth in various applications such as social networking, web sites, and number of smart phone users, the internet today act as distribution network. The content distribution for large volume traffic on internet mainly suffers from two issues 1) IP addresses allocation for each request message and 2) Real time content delivery. Moreover, users nowadays care only about getting data irrespective of its location. To meet need of the hour for content centric networking (CCN), Information centric networking (ICN) has been proposed as the future internet architecture. Named data networks (NDN) found its roots under the umbrella of ICN as one of its project to overcome the above listed issues. NDN is based on the technique of providing named data retrieval from intermediate nodes. This conceptual shift raises questions on its design, services and challenges. In this paper, we contribute by presenting architectural design of NDN with its routing and forwarding mechanism. Subsequently, we cover services offered by NDN for request-response message communication. Furthermore, the challenges faced by NDN for its implementation has been discussed in last.
Salem, Heba, Topham, Nigel.  2021.  Trustworthy Computing on Untrustworthy and Trojan-Infected on-Chip Interconnects. 2021 IEEE European Test Symposium (ETS). :1–2.
This paper introduces a scheme for achieving trustworthy computing on SoCs that use an outsourced AXI interconnect for on-chip communication. This is achieved through component guarding, data tagging, event verification, and consequently responding dynamically to an attack. Experimental results confirm the ability of the proposed scheme to detect HT attacks and respond to them at run-time. The proposed scheme extends the state-of-art in trustworthy computing on untrustworthy components by focusing on the issue of an untrusted on-chip interconnect for the first time, and by developing a scheme that is independent of untrusted third-party IP.
Raja, Subashree, Bhamidipati, Padmaja, Liu, Xiaobang, Vemuri, Ranga.  2021.  Security Capsules: An Architecture for Post-Silicon Security Assertion Validation for Systems-on-Chip. 2021 IEEE Computer Society Annual Symposium on VLSI (ISVLSI). :248–253.
In this paper, we propose a methodology for post-silicon validation through the evaluation of security assertions for systems-on-chip (SoC). The methodology is centered around a security architecture in which a "security capsule" is attached to each IP core in the SoC. The security capsule consists of a set of on-line and off-line assertion monitors, a dynamic trace-buffer to trace selected groups of signals, and a dynamic trace controller. The architecture is supported by a trace signal selection and grouping algorithm and a dynamic signal tracing method to evaluate the off-chip monitors. This paper presents the security capsule architecture, the signal selection and grouping algorithm, and the run-time signal tracing method. Results of using the methodology on two SoC architectures based on the OpenRISC-1200 and RISC-V processors are presented.
Huang, Che-Wei, Liu, I-Hsien, Li, Jung-Shian, Wu, Chi-Che, Li, Chu-Fen, Liu, Chuan-Gang.  2021.  A Legacy Infrastructure-based Mechanism for Moving Target Defense. 2021 IEEE 3rd Eurasia Conference on Biomedical Engineering, Healthcare and Sustainability (ECBIOS). :80—83.
With the advancement of network technology, more electronic devices have begun to connect to the Internet. The era of IoE (Internet of Everything) is coming. However, the number of serious incidents of cyberattacks on important facilities has gradually increased at the same time. Security becomes an important issue when setting up plenty of network devices in an environment. Thus, we propose an innovative mechanism of the Moving Target Defense (MTD) to solve the problems happening to other MTD mechanisms in the past. This method applies Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to dynamically change the IPv4 address of information equipment in the medical environment. In other words, each of the nodes performs IP-Hopping and effectively avoids malicious attacks. Communication between devices relies on DNS lookup. The mechanism avoids problems such as time synchronization and IP conflict. Also, it greatly reduces the costs of large-scale deployment. All of these problems are encountered by other MTD mechanisms in the past. Not only can the mechanism be applied to the medical and information equipment, it can also be applied to various devices connected to the Internet, including Industrial Control System (ICS). The mechanism is implemented in existing technologies and prevents other problems, which makes it easy to build a system.
Musa, Ahmad Sanda, Awan, Irfan-Ullah, Abobaker, Ibrahim.  2021.  Efficacy of ADDIE Model in Peer-to-Peer Networks: Digital Evidence Investigation. 2021 8th International Conference on Future Internet of Things and Cloud (FiCloud). :177—183.
While the need for content distribution proliferates - becoming more mammoth and complex on the Internet - the P2P network perseveres as one of the best avenues to service the demand for content distribution. It enjoys a wide range of clients that transport data in bits securely, making it susceptible to moving dubious contents, hence becoming exposed to varying security threats that require credible digital investigation to address. The tools and techniques used in performing digital investigations are still mostly lagging, successfully slowing down law enforcement agencies in general. The acquisition of digital evidence over the Internet is still elusive in the battle against cybercrime. This paper considers a new technique for detecting passive peers that participate in a P2P network. As part of our study, we crawled the µTorrent P2P client over 10 days while logging all participating peers. We then employed digital forensic techniques to analyze the popular users and generate evidence within them with high accuracy. Finally, we evaluated our proposed approach against the standard Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation, or ADDIE model for digital investigation to arrive at the credible digital evidence presented in this paper.
Ba\c ser, Melike, Güven, Ebu Yusuf, Aydın, Muhammed Ali.  2021.  SSH and Telnet Protocols Attack Analysis Using Honeypot Technique : *Analysis of SSH AND ℡NET Honeypot. 2021 6th International Conference on Computer Science and Engineering (UBMK). :806–811.
Generally, the defense measures taken against new cyber-attack methods are insufficient for cybersecurity risk management. Contrary to classical attack methods, the existence of undiscovered attack types called' zero-day attacks' can invalidate the actions taken. It is possible with honeypot systems to implement new security measures by recording the attacker's behavior. The purpose of the honeypot is to learn about the methods and tools used by the attacker or malicious activity. In particular, it allows us to discover zero-day attack types and develop new defense methods for them. Attackers have made protocols such as SSH (Secure Shell) and Telnet, which are widely used for remote access to devices, primary targets. In this study, SSHTelnet honeypot was established using Cowrie software. Attackers attempted to connect, and attackers record their activity after providing access. These collected attacker log records and files uploaded to the system are published on Github to other researchers1. We shared the observations and analysis results of attacks on SSH and Telnet protocols with honeypot.
Bandi, Nahid, Tajbakhsh, Hesam, Analoui, Morteza.  2021.  FastMove: Fast IP Switching Moving Target Defense to Mitigate DDOS Attacks. 2021 IEEE Conference on Dependable and Secure Computing (DSC). :1–7.
Distributed denial of service attacks are still one of the greatest threats for computer systems and networks. We propose an intelligent moving target solution against DDOS flooding attacks. Our solution will use a fast-flux approach combined with moving target techniques to increase attack cost and complexity by bringing dynamics and randomization in network address space. It continually increases attack costs and makes it harder and almost infeasible for botnets to launch an attack. Along with performing selective proxy server replication and shuffling clients among this proxy, our solution can successfully separate and isolate attackers from benign clients and mitigate large-scale and complex flooding attacks. Our approach effectively stops both network and application-layer attacks at a minimum cost. However, while we try to make prevalent attack launches difficult and expensive for Bot Masters, this approach is good enough to combat zero-day attacks, too. Using DNS capabilities to change IP addresses frequently along with the proxy servers included in the proposed architecture, it is possible to hide the original server address from the attacker and invalidate the data attackers gathered during the reconnaissance phase of attack and make them repeat this step over and over. Our simulations demonstrate that we can mitigate large-scale attacks with minimum possible cost and overhead.
Chang, Sang-Yoon, Park, Younghee, Kengalahalli, Nikhil Vijayakumar, Zhou, Xiaobo.  2020.  Query-Crafting DoS Threats Against Internet DNS. 2020 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). :1–9.
Domain name system (DNS) resolves the IP addresses of domain names and is critical for IP networking. Recent denial-of-service (DoS) attacks on Internet targeted the DNS system (e.g., Dyn), which has the cascading effect of denying the availability of the services and applications relying on the targeted DNS. In view of these attacks, we investigate the DoS on DNS system and introduce the query-crafting threats where the attacker controls the DNS query payload (the domain name) to maximize the threat impact per query (increasing the communications between the DNS servers and the threat time duration), which is orthogonal to other DoS approaches to increase the attack impact such as flooding and DNS amplification. We model the DNS system using a state diagram and comprehensively analyze the threat space, identifying the threat vectors which include not only the random/invalid domains but also those using the domain name structure to combine valid strings and random strings. Query-crafting DoS threats generate new domain-name payloads for each query and force increased complexity in the DNS query resolution. We test the query-crafting DoS threats by taking empirical measurements on the Internet and show that they amplify the DoS impact on the DNS system (recursive resolver) by involving more communications and taking greater time duration. To defend against such DoS or DDoS threats, we identify the relevant detection features specific to query-crafting threats and evaluate the defense using our prototype in CloudLab.
Zhou, Yimin, Zhang, Kai.  2020.  DoS Vulnerability Verification of IPSec VPN. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Computer Applications (ICAICA). :698–702.
This paper analyzes the vulnerability in the process of key negotiation between the main mode and aggressive mode of IKEv1 protocol in IPSec VPN, and proposes a DOS attack method based on OSPF protocol adjacent route spoofing. The experiment verifies the insecurity of IPSec VPN using IKEv1 protocol. This attack method has the advantages of lower cost and easier operation compared with using botnet.
Tian, Yanhui, Zhang, Weiyan, Zhou, Dali, Kong, Siqi, Ren, Ming, Li, Danping.  2020.  Research on Multi-object-oriented Automatic Defense Technology for ARP Attack. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Information Technology,Big Data and Artificial Intelligence (ICIBA). 1:150–153.
ARP-attack often occurs in LAN network [1], which directly affects the user's online experience. The common type of ARP-attack is MITM-Attack (Man-in-the-Middle Attack) with two-types, disguising a host or a gateway. Common means of ARP-attack prevention is by deploying network-security equipment or binding IP-MAC in LAN manually[10]. This paper studies an automatic ARP-attack prevention technology for multi-object, based on the domain-control technology and batch-processing technology. Compared with the common ARP-attack-prevention measure, this study has advantages of low-cost, wide-application, and maintenance-free. By experimentally researching, this paper demonstrates the research correctness and technical feasibility. This research result, multi-object-oriented automatic defense technology for ARP-attacking, can apply to enterprise network.
Alemany, P., Ayed, D., Vilalta, R., Muñoz, R., Bisson, P., Casellas, R., Mart\'ınez, R..  2020.  Transport Network Slices with Security Service Level Agreements. 2020 22nd International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON). :1–4.
This paper presents an initial architecture to manage End-to-End Network Slices which, once deployed, are associated with Security Service Level Agreement(s) to increase the security on the virtual deployed resources and create End-to-End Secure Network Slices. Moreover, the workflows regarding the Network Slicing provisioning and the whole SSLA Lifecycle management is detailed.