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2021-10-12
Suharsono, Teguh Nurhadi, Anggraini, Dini, Kuspriyanto, Rahardjo, Budi, Gunawan.  2020.  Implementation of Simple Verifiability Metric to Measure the Degree of Verifiability of E-Voting Protocol. 2020 14th International Conference on Telecommunication Systems, Services, and Applications (TSSA. :1–3.
Verifiability is one of the parameters in e-voting that can increase confidence in voting technology with several parties ensuring that voters do not change their votes. Voting has become an important part of the democratization system, both to make choices regarding policies, to elect representatives to sit in the representative assembly, and to elect leaders. the more voters and the wider the distribution, the more complex the social life, and the need to manage the voting process efficiently and determine the results more quickly, electronic-based voting (e-Voting) is becoming a more promising option. The level of confidence in voting depends on the capabilities of the system. E-voting must have parameters that can be used as guidelines, which include the following: Accuracy, Invulnerability, Privacy and Verifiability. The implementation of the simple verifiability metric to measure the degree of verifiability in the e-voting protocol, the researchers can calculate the degree of verifiability in the e-voting protocol and the researchers have been able to assess the proposed e-voting protocol with the standard of the best degree of verifiability is 1, where the value of 1 is is absolutely verified protocol.
Uy, Francis Aldrine A., Vea, Larry A., Binag, Matthew G., Diaz, Keith Anshilo L., Gallardo, Roy G., Navarro, Kevin Jorge A., Pulido, Maria Teresa R., Pinca, Ryan Christopher B., Rejuso, Billy John Rudolfh I., Santos, Carissa Jane R..  2020.  The Potential of New Data Sources in a Data-Driven Transportation, Operation, Management and Assessment System (TOMAS). 2020 IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability (SusTech). :1–8.
We present our journey in constructing the first integrated data warehouse for Philippine transportation research in the hopes of developing a Transportation Decision Support System for impact studies and policy making. We share how we collected data from diverse sources, processed them into a homogeneous format and applied them to our multimodal platform. We also list the challenges we encountered, including bureaucratic delays, data privacy concerns, lack of software, and overlapping datasets. The data warehouse shall serve as a public resource for researchers and professionals, and for government officials to make better-informed policies. The warehouse will also function within our multi-modal platform for measurement, modelling, and visualization of road transportation. This work is our contribution to improve the transportation situation in the Philippines, both in the local and national levels, to boost our economy and overall quality of life.
Jayabalan, Manoj.  2020.  Towards an Approach of Risk Analysis in Access Control. 2020 13th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering (DeSE). :287–292.
Information security provides a set of mechanisms to be implemented in the organisation to protect the disclosure of data to the unauthorised person. Access control is the primary security component that allows the user to authorise the consumption of resources and data based on the predefined permissions. However, the access rules are static in nature, which does not adapt to the dynamic environment includes but not limited to healthcare, cloud computing, IoT, National Security and Intelligence Arena and multi-centric system. There is a need for an additional countermeasure in access decision that can adapt to those working conditions to assess the threats and to ensure privacy and security are maintained. Risk analysis is an act of measuring the threats to the system through various means such as, analysing the user behaviour, evaluating the user trust, and security policies. It is a modular component that can be integrated into the existing access control to predict the risk. This study presents the different techniques and approaches applied for risk analysis in access control. Based on the insights gained, this paper formulates the taxonomy of risk analysis and properties that will allow researchers to focus on areas that need to be improved and new features that could be beneficial to stakeholders.
Yang, Howard H., Arafa, Ahmed, Quek, Tony Q. S., Vincent Poor, H..  2020.  Age-Based Scheduling Policy for Federated Learning in Mobile Edge Networks. ICASSP 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP). :8743–8747.
Federated learning (FL) is a machine learning model that preserves data privacy in the training process. Specifically, FL brings the model directly to the user equipments (UEs) for local training, where an edge server periodically collects the trained parameters to produce an improved model and sends it back to the UEs. However, since communication usually occurs through a limited spectrum, only a portion of the UEs can update their parameters upon each global aggregation. As such, new scheduling algorithms have to be engineered to facilitate the full implementation of FL. In this paper, based on a metric termed the age of update (AoU), we propose a scheduling policy by jointly accounting for the staleness of the received parameters and the instantaneous channel qualities to improve the running efficiency of FL. The proposed algorithm has low complexity and its effectiveness is demonstrated by Monte Carlo simulations.
Adibi, Mahya, van der Woude, Jacob.  2020.  Distributed Learning Control for Economic Power Dispatch: A Privacy Preserved Approach*. 2020 IEEE 29th International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE). :821–826.
We present a privacy-preserving distributed reinforcement learning-based control scheme to address the problem of frequency control and economic dispatch in power generation systems. The proposed control approach requires neither a priori system model knowledge nor the mathematical formulation of the generation cost functions. Due to not requiring the generation cost models, the control scheme is capable of dealing with scenarios in which the cost functions are hard to formulate and/or non-convex. Furthermore, it is privacy-preserving, i.e. none of the units in the network needs to communicate its cost function and/or control policy to its neighbors. To realize this, we propose an actor-critic algorithm with function approximation in which the actor step is performed individually by each unit with no need to infer the policies of others. Moreover, in the critic step each generation unit shares its estimate of the local measurements and the estimate of its cost function with the neighbors, and via performing a consensus algorithm, a consensual estimate is achieved. The performance of our proposed control scheme, in terms of minimizing the overall cost while persistently fulfilling the demand and fast reaction and convergence of our distributed algorithm, is demonstrated on a benchmark case study.
Sethi, Kamalakanta, Pradhan, Ankit, Bera, Padmalochan.  2020.  Attribute-Based Data Security with Obfuscated Access Policy for Smart Grid Applications. 2020 International Conference on COMmunication Systems NETworkS (COMSNETS). :503–506.
Smart grid employs intelligent transmission and distribution networks for effective and reliable delivery of electricity. It uses fine-grained electrical measurements to attain optimized reliability and stability by sharing these measurements among different entities of energy management systems of the grid. There are many stakeholders like users, phasor measurement units (PMU), and other entities, with changing requirements involved in the sharing of the data. Therefore, data security plays a vital role in the correct functioning of a power grid network. In this paper, we propose an attribute-based encryption (ABE) for secure data sharing in Smart Grid architectures as ABE enables efficient and secure access control. Also, the access policy is obfuscated to preserve privacy. We use Linear Secret Sharing (LSS) Scheme for supporting any monotone access structures, thereby enhancing the expressiveness of access policies. Finally, we also analyze the security, access policy privacy and collusion resistance properties along with efficiency analysis of our cryptosystem.
Ferraro, Angelo.  2020.  When AI Gossips. 2020 IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society (ISTAS). :69–71.
The concept of AI Gossip is presented. It is analogous to the traditional understanding of a pernicious human failing. It is made more egregious by the technology of AI, internet, current privacy policies, and practices. The recognition by the technological community of its complacency is critical to realizing its damaging influence on human rights. A current example from the medical field is provided to facilitate the discussion and illustrate the seriousness of AI Gossip. Further study and model development is encouraged to support and facilitate the need to develop standards to address the implications and consequences to human rights and dignity.
El-Sobky, Mariam, Sarhan, Hisham, Abu-ElKheir, Mervat.  2020.  Security Assessment of the Contextual Multi-Armed Bandit - RL Algorithm for Link Adaptation. 2020 2nd Novel Intelligent and Leading Emerging Sciences Conference (NILES). :514–519.
Industry is increasingly adopting Reinforcement Learning algorithms (RL) in production without thoroughly analyzing their security features. In addition to the potential threats that may arise if the functionality of these algorithms is compromised while in operation. One of the well-known RL algorithms is the Contextual Multi-Armed Bandit (CMAB) algorithm. In this paper, we explore how the CMAB can be used to solve the Link Adaptation problem - a well-known problem in the telecommunication industry by learning the optimal transmission parameters that will maximize a communication link's throughput. We analyze the potential vulnerabilities of the algorithm and how they may adversely affect link parameters computation. Additionally, we present a provable security assessment for the Contextual Multi-Armed Bandit Reinforcement Learning (CMAB-RL) algorithm in a network simulated environment using Ray. This is by demonstrating CMAB security vulnerabilities theoretically and practically. Some security controls are proposed for CMAB agent and the surrounding environment. In order to fix those vulnerabilities and mitigate the risk. These controls can be applied to other RL agents in order to design more robust and secure RL agents.
Tavakolan, Mona, Faridi, Ismaeel A..  2020.  Applying Privacy-Aware Policies in IoT Devices Using Privacy Metrics. 2020 International Conference on Communications, Computing, Cybersecurity, and Informatics (CCCI). :1–5.
In recent years, user's privacy has become an important aspect in the development of Internet of Things (IoT) devices. However, there has been comparatively little research so far that aims to understanding user's privacy in connection with IoT. Many users are worried about protecting their personal information, which may be gathered by IoT devices. In this paper, we present a new method for applying the user's preferences within the privacy-aware policies in IoT devices. Users can prioritize a set of extendable privacy policies based on their preferences. This is achieved by assigning weights to these policies to form ranking criteria. A privacy-aware index is then calculated based on these ranking. In addition, IoT devices can be clustered based on their privacy-aware index value. In this paper, we present a new method for applying the user's preferences within the privacy-aware policies in IoT devices. Users can prioritize a set of extendable privacy policies based on their preferences. This is achieved by assigning weights to these policies to form ranking criteria. A privacy-aware index is then calculated based on these ranking. In addition, IoT devices can be clustered based on their privacy-aware index value.
Zhao, Haojun, Lin, Yun, Gao, Song, Yu, Shui.  2020.  Evaluating and Improving Adversarial Attacks on DNN-Based Modulation Recognition. GLOBECOM 2020 - 2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference. :1–5.
The discovery of adversarial examples poses a serious risk to the deep neural networks (DNN). By adding a subtle perturbation that is imperceptible to the human eye, a well-behaved DNN model can be easily fooled and completely change the prediction categories of the input samples. However, research on adversarial attacks in the field of modulation recognition mainly focuses on increasing the prediction error of the classifier, while ignores the importance of decreasing the perceptual invisibility of attack. Aiming at the task of DNNbased modulation recognition, this study designs the Fitting Difference as a metric to measure the perturbed waveforms and proposes a new method: the Nesterov Adam Iterative Method to generate adversarial examples. We show that the proposed algorithm not only exerts excellent white-box attacks but also can initiate attacks on a black-box model. Moreover, our method decreases the waveform perceptual invisibility of attacks to a certain degree, thereby reducing the risk of an attack being detected.
Deng, Perry, Linsky, Cooper, Wright, Matthew.  2020.  Weaponizing Unicodes with Deep Learning -Identifying Homoglyphs with Weakly Labeled Data. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Security Informatics (ISI). :1–6.
Visually similar characters, or homoglyphs, can be used to perform social engineering attacks or to evade spam and plagiarism detectors. It is thus important to understand the capabilities of an attacker to identify homoglyphs - particularly ones that have not been previously spotted - and leverage them in attacks. We investigate a deep-learning model using embedding learning, transfer learning, and augmentation to determine the visual similarity of characters and thereby identify potential homoglyphs. Our approach uniquely takes advantage of weak labels that arise from the fact that most characters are not homoglyphs. Our model drastically outperforms the Normal-ized Compression Distance approach on pairwise homoglyph identification, for which we achieve an average precision of 0.97. We also present the first attempt at clustering homoglyphs into sets of equivalence classes, which is more efficient than pairwise information for security practitioners to quickly lookup homoglyphs or to normalize confusable string encodings. To measure clustering performance, we propose a metric (mBIOU) building on the classic Intersection-Over-Union (IOU) metric. Our clustering method achieves 0.592 mBIOU, compared to 0.430 for the naive baseline. We also use our model to predict over 8,000 previously unknown homoglyphs, and find good early indications that many of these may be true positives. Source code and list of predicted homoglyphs are uploaded to Github: https://github.com/PerryXDeng/weaponizing\_unicode.
Chen, Jianbo, Jordan, Michael I., Wainwright, Martin J..  2020.  HopSkipJumpAttack: A Query-Efficient Decision-Based Attack. 2020 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (SP). :1277–1294.
The goal of a decision-based adversarial attack on a trained model is to generate adversarial examples based solely on observing output labels returned by the targeted model. We develop HopSkipJumpAttack, a family of algorithms based on a novel estimate of the gradient direction using binary information at the decision boundary. The proposed family includes both untargeted and targeted attacks optimized for $\mathscrl$ and $\mathscrlınfty$ similarity metrics respectively. Theoretical analysis is provided for the proposed algorithms and the gradient direction estimate. Experiments show HopSkipJumpAttack requires significantly fewer model queries than several state-of-the-art decision-based adversarial attacks. It also achieves competitive performance in attacking several widely-used defense mechanisms.
2021-09-16
Long, Saiqin, Yu, Hao, Li, Zhetao, Tian, Shujuan, Li, Yun.  2020.  Energy Efficiency Evaluation Based on QoS Parameter Specification for Cloud Systems. 2020 IEEE 22nd International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communications; IEEE 18th International Conference on Smart City; IEEE 6th International Conference on Data Science and Systems (HPCC/SmartCity/DSS). :27–34.
Energy efficiency evaluation (EEE) is a research difficulty in the field of cloud computing. The current research mainly considers the relevant energy efficiency indicators of cloud systems and weights the interrelationship between energy consumption, system performance and QoS requirements. However, it lacks a combination of subjective and objective, qualitative and quantitative evaluation method to accurately evaluate the energy efficiency of cloud systems. We propose a novel EEE method based on the QoS parameter specification for cloud systems (EEE-QoS). Firstly, it reduces the metric values that affect QoS requirements to the same dimension range and then establishes a belief rule base (BRB). The best-worst method is utilized to determine the initial weights of the premise attributes in the BRB model. Then, the BRB model parameters are optimized by the mean-square error, the activation weight is calculated, and the activation rules of the evidence reasoning algorithm are integrated to evaluate the belief of the conclusion. The quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the energy efficiency of cloud systems is realized. The experiments show that the proposed method can accurately and objectively evaluate the energy efficiency of cloud systems.
Beg, Omar Ali, Yadav, Ajay P., Johnson, Taylor T., Davoudi, Ali.  2020.  Formal Online Resiliency Monitoring in Microgrids. 2020 Resilience Week (RWS). :99–105.
This work adopts an online resiliency monitoring framework employing metric temporal logic (MTL) under cyber-physical anomalies, namely false-data injection attacks, denial-of-service attacks, and physical faults. Such anomalies adversely affect the frequency synchronization, load sharing, and voltage regulation in microgrids. MTL formalism is adopted to monitor the outputs of inverters/converters against operational bounds, detect and quantify cyber-physical anomalies, monitor the microgrid's resiliency during runtime, and compare mitigation strategies. Since the proposed framework does not require system knowledge, it can be deployed on a complex microgrid. This is verified using an IEEE 34-bus feeder system and a DC microgrid cluster in a controller/hardware-in-the-loop environment.
Lemeshko, Oleksandr, Yeremenko, Oleksandra, Yevdokymenko, Maryna, Ageyev, Dmytro.  2020.  Redundancy Cyber Resiliency Technique Based on Fast ReRouting under Security Metric. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Problems of Infocommunications. Science and Technology (PIC S T). :815–818.
The paper is devoted to the development and research of the redundancy cyber resiliency technique based on fast rerouting under security metric with the implementation of the basic schemes for network elements protection, namely node, link, path, and bandwidth. Within the model, the secure fast rerouting task is formulated as an optimization problem of nonlinear programming. The model is configured in order to calculate primary and backup paths that contain links with the minimum values of the probability of compromise that is achieved by using the appropriate weights in the objective function, the value of which is minimized. Numerical research has been conducted, results of which proved the proposed model efficiency and adequacy for the practical application.
Venkataramanan, Venkatesh, Hahn, Adam, Srivastava, Anurag.  2020.  CP-SAM: Cyber-Physical Security Assessment Metric for Monitoring Microgrid Resiliency. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. 11:1055–1065.
Trustworthy and secure operation of the cyber-power system calls for resilience against malicious and accidental failures. The objective of a resilient system is to withstand and recover operation of the system to supply critical loads despite multiple contingencies in the system. To take timely actions, we need to continuously measure the cyberphysical security of the system. We propose a cyber-physical security assessment metric (CP-SAM) based on quantitative factors affecting resiliency and utilizing concepts from graph theoretic analysis, probabilistic model of availability, attack graph metrics, and vulnerabilities across different layers of the microgrid system. These factors are integrated into a single metric using a multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) technique, Choquet Integral to compute CP-SAM. The developed metric will be valuable for i) monitoring the microgrid resiliency considering a holistic cyber-physical model; and ii) enable better decision-making to select best possible mitigation strategies towards resilient microgrid system. Developed CP-SAM can be extended for active distribution system and has been validated in a real-world power-grid test-bed to monitor the microgrid resiliency.
2021-08-31
Di Noia, Tommaso, Malitesta, Daniele, Merra, Felice Antonio.  2020.  TAaMR: Targeted Adversarial Attack against Multimedia Recommender Systems. 2020 50th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks Workshops (DSN-W). :1–8.
Deep learning classifiers are hugely vulnerable to adversarial examples, and their existence raised cybersecurity concerns in many tasks with an emphasis on malware detection, computer vision, and speech recognition. While there is a considerable effort to investigate attacks and defense strategies in these tasks, only limited work explores the influence of targeted attacks on input data (e.g., images, textual descriptions, audio) used in multimedia recommender systems (MR). In this work, we examine the consequences of applying targeted adversarial attacks against the product images of a visual-based MR. We propose a novel adversarial attack approach, called Target Adversarial Attack against Multimedia Recommender Systems (TAaMR), to investigate the modification of MR behavior when the images of a category of low recommended products (e.g., socks) are perturbed to misclassify the deep neural classifier towards the class of more recommended products (e.g., running shoes) with human-level slight images alterations. We explore the TAaMR approach studying the effect of two targeted adversarial attacks (i.e., FGSM and PGD) against input pictures of two state-of-the-art MR (i.e., VBPR and AMR). Extensive experiments on two real-world recommender fashion datasets confirmed the effectiveness of TAaMR in terms of recommendation lists changing while keeping the original human judgment on the perturbed images.
2021-08-17
Hussien, Zainab Waleed, Qawasmeh, Doaa Sami, Shurman, Mohammad.  2020.  MSCLP: Multi-Sinks Cluster-Based Location Privacy Protection scheme in WSNs for IoT. 2020 32nd International Conference on Microelectronics (ICM). :1—4.
One of the most important information in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is the location of each sensor node. This kind of information is very attractive to attackers for real position exposure of nodes making the whole network vulnerable to different kinds of attacks. According to WSNs privacy, there are two types of threats affect the network: Contextual and Content privacy. In this work, we study contextual privacy, where an eavesdropper tries to find the location of the source or sink node. We propose a Multi-Sinks Cluster-Based Location Privacy Protection (MSCLP) scheme in WSNs that divides the WSN into clusters, each cluster managed by one cluster head (CH). Each CH sends random fake packets in a loop then sends the real packet to the neighbor's CHs using a dynamic routing method to confuse the attacker from tracing back the real packet to reveal the actual location of the source node, we are taking in our consideration two important metrics: the energy consumption, and the delay.
Jin, Kun, Liu, Chaoyue, Xia, Cathy.  2020.  OTDA: a Unsupervised Optimal Transport framework with Discriminant Analysis for Keystroke Inference. 2020 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). :1—9.
Keystroke Inference has been a hot topic since it poses a severe threat to our privacy from typing. Existing learning-based Keystroke Inference suffers the domain adaptation problem because the training data (from attacker) and the test data (from victim) are generally collected in different environments. Recently, Optimal Transport (OT) is applied to address this problem, but suffers the “ground metric” limitation. In this work, we propose a novel method, OTDA, by incorporating Discriminant Analysis into OT through an iterative learning process to address the ground metric limitation. By embedding OTDA into a vibration-based Keystroke Inference platform, we conduct extensive studies about domain adaptation with different factors, such as people, keyboard position, etc.. Our experiment results show that OTDA can achieve significant performance improvement on classification accuracy, i.e., outperforming baseline by 15% to 30%, state-of-the-art OT and other domain adaptation methods by 10% to 20%.
2021-08-12
Johari, Rahul, Kaur, Ishveen, Tripathi, Reena, Gupta, Kanika.  2020.  Penetration Testing in IoT Network. 2020 5th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Security (ICCCS). :1—7.
Penetration testing, also known as Pen testing is usually performed by a testing professional in order to detect security threats involved in a system. Penetration testing can also be viewed as a fake cyber Security attack, done in order to see whether the system is secure and free of vulnerabilities. Penetration testing is widely used for testing both Network and Software, but somewhere it fails to make IoT more secure. In IoT the security risk is growing day-by-day, due to which the IoT networks need more penetration testers to test the security. In the proposed work an effort has been made to compile and aggregate the information regarding VAPT(Vulnerability Assessment and Penetrating Testing) in the area of IoT.
2021-08-11
Chen, Siyuan, Jung, Jinwook, Song, Peilin, Chakrabarty, Krishnendu, Nam, Gi-Joon.  2020.  BISTLock: Efficient IP Piracy Protection using BIST. 2020 IEEE International Test Conference (ITC). :1—5.
The globalization of IC manufacturing has increased the likelihood for IP providers to suffer financial and reputational loss from IP piracy. Logic locking prevents IP piracy by corrupting the functionality of an IP unless a correct secret key is inserted. However, existing logic-locking techniques can impose significant area overhead and performance impact (delay and power) on designs. In this work, we propose BISTLock, a logic-locking technique that utilizes built-in self-test (BIST) to isolate functional inputs when the circuit is locked. We also propose a set of security metrics and use the proposed metrics to quantify BISTLock's security strength for an open-source AES core. Our experimental results demonstrate that BISTLock is easy to implement and introduces an average of 0.74% area and no power or delay overhead across the set of benchmarks used for evaluation.
2021-08-02
Pedramnia, Kiyana, Shojaei, Shayan.  2020.  Detection of False Data Injection Attack in Smart Grid Using Decomposed Nearest Neighbor Techniques. 2020 10th Smart Grid Conference (SGC). :1—6.
Smart grid communication system deeply rely on information technologies which makes it vulnerable to variable cyber-attacks. Among possible attacks, False Data Injection (FDI) Attack has created a severe threat to smart grid control system. Attackers can manipulate smart grid measurements such as collected data of phasor measurement units (PMU) by implementing FDI attacks. Detection of FDI attacks with a simple and effective approach, makes the system more reliable and prevents network outages. In this paper we propose a Decomposed Nearest Neighbor algorithm to detect FDI attacks. This algorithm improves traditional k-Nearest Neighbor by using metric learning. Also it learns the local-optima free distance metric by solving a convex optimization problem which makes it more accurate in decision making. We test the proposed method on PMU dataset and compare the results with other beneficial machine learning algorithms for FDI attack detection. Results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
Bouniot, Quentin, Audigier, Romaric, Loesch, Angélique.  2020.  Vulnerability of Person Re-Identification Models to Metric Adversarial Attacks. 2020 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW). :3450—3459.
Person re-identification (re-ID) is a key problem in smart supervision of camera networks. Over the past years, models using deep learning have become state of the art. However, it has been shown that deep neural networks are flawed with adversarial examples, i.e. human-imperceptible perturbations. Extensively studied for the task of image closed- set classification, this problem can also appear in the case of open-set retrieval tasks. Indeed, recent work has shown that we can also generate adversarial examples for metric learning systems such as re-ID ones. These models remain vulnerable: when faced with adversarial examples, they fail to correctly recognize a person, which represents a security breach. These attacks are all the more dangerous as they are impossible to detect for a human operator. Attacking a metric consists in altering the distances between the feature of an attacked image and those of reference images, i.e. guides. In this article, we investigate different possible attacks depending on the number and type of guides available. From this metric attack family, two particularly effective attacks stand out. The first one, called Self Metric Attack, is a strong attack that does not need any image apart from the attacked image. The second one, called FurthestNegative Attack, makes full use of a set of images. Attacks are evaluated on commonly used datasets: Market1501 and DukeMTMC. Finally, we propose an efficient extension of adversarial training protocol adapted to metric learning as a defense that increases the robustness of re-ID models.1
Bezzine, Ismail, Khan, Zohaib Amjad, Beghdadi, Azeddine, Al-Maadeed, Noor, Kaaniche, Mounir, Al-Maadeed, Somaya, Bouridane, Ahmed, Cheikh, Faouzi Alaya.  2020.  Video Quality Assessment Dataset for Smart Public Security Systems. 2020 IEEE 23rd International Multitopic Conference (INMIC). :1—5.
Security and monitoring systems are more and more demanding in terms of quality, reliability and flexibility especially those dedicated to video surveillance. The quality of the acquired video signal strongly affects the performance of the high level tasks such as visual tracking, face detection and recognition. The design of a video quality assessment metric dedicated to this particular application requires a preliminary study on the common distortions encountered in video surveillance. To this end, we present in this paper a dataset dedicated to video quality assessment in the context of video surveillance. This database consists of a set of common distortions at different levels of annoyance. The subjective tests are performed using a classical pair comparison protocol with some new configurations. The subjective results obtained through the psycho-visual tests are analyzed and compared to some objective video quality assessment metrics. The preliminary results are encouraging and open a new framework for building smart video surveillance based security systems.
Wagner, Torrey J., Ford, Thomas C..  2020.  Metrics to Meet Security amp; Privacy Requirements with Agile Software Development Methods in a Regulated Environment. 2020 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC). :17—23.
This work examines metrics that can be used to measure the ability of agile software development methods to meet security and privacy requirements of communications applications. Many implementations of communication protocols, including those in vehicular networks, occur within regulated environments where agile development methods are traditionally discouraged. We propose a framework and metrics to measure adherence to security, quality and software effectiveness regulations if developers desire the cost and schedule benefits of agile methods. After providing an overview of specific challenges that a regulated environment imposes on communications software development, we proceed to examine the 12 agile principles and how they relate to a regulatory environment. From this review we identify two metrics to measure performance of three key regulatory attributes of software for communications applications, and then recommend an approach of either tools, agile methods or DevOps that is best positioned to satisfy its regulated environment attributes. By considering the recommendations in this paper, managers of software-dominant communications programs in a regulated environment can gain insight into leveraging the benefits of agile methods.