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2022-05-24
Fazea, Yousef, Mohammed, Fathey.  2021.  Software Defined Networking based Information Centric Networking: An Overview of Approaches and Challenges. 2021 International Congress of Advanced Technology and Engineering (ICOTEN). :1–8.
ICN (Information-Centric Networking) is a traditional networking approach which focuses on Internet design, while SDN (Software Defined Networking) is known as a speedy and flexible networking approach. Integrating these two approaches can solve different kinds of traditional networking problems. On the other hand, it may expose new challenges. In this paper, we study how these two networking approaches are been combined to form SDN-based ICN architecture to improve network administration. Recent research is explored to identify the SDN-based ICN challenges, provide a critical analysis of the current integration approaches, and determine open issues for further research.
2022-05-10
Zum Felde, Hendrik Meyer, Morbitzer, Mathias, Schütte, Julian.  2021.  Securing Remote Policy Enforcement by a Multi-Enclave based Attestation Architecture. 2021 IEEE 19th International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing (EUC). :102–108.
The concept of usage control goes beyond traditional access control by regulating not only the retrieval but also the processing of data. To be able to remotely enforce usage control policy the processing party requires a trusted execution environ-ment such as Intel SGX which creates so-called enclaves. In this paper we introduce Multi Enclave based Code from Template (MECT), an SGX-based architecture for trusted remote policy enforcement. MECT uses a multi-enclave approach in which an enclave generation service dynamically generates enclaves from pre-defined code and dynamic policy parameters. This approach leads to a small trusted computing base and highly simplified attestation while preserving functionality benefits. Our proof of concept implementation consumes customisable code from templates. We compare the implementation with other architectures regarding the trusted computing base, flexibility, performance, and modularity. This comparison highlights the security benefits for remote attestation of MECT.
2022-05-09
Aman, Mohd, Verma, Prashant, Rajeswari, D.  2021.  Secure Cloud Data Deduplication with Efficient Re-Encryption. 2021 International Conference on Intelligent Technologies (CONIT). :1–4.
After the emergence of the cloud architecture, many companies migrate their data from conventional storage i.e., on bare metal to the cloud storage. Since then huge amount of data was stored on cloud servers, which later resulted in redundancy of huge amount of data. Hence in this cloud world, many data de-duplication techniques has been widely used. Not only the redundancy but also made data more secure and privacy of the existing data were also increased. Some techniques got limitations and some have their own advantages based on the requirements. Some of the attributes like data privacy, tag regularity and interruption to brute-force attacks. To make data deduplication technique more efficient based on the requirements. This paper will discuss schemes that brace user-defined access control, by allowing the service provider to get information of the information owners. Thus our scheme eliminates redundancy of the data without breaching the privacy and security of clients that depends on service providers. Our lastest deduplication scheme after performing various algorithms resulted in conclusion and producing more efficient data confidentiality and tag consistency. This paper has discussion on various techniques and their drawbacks for the effectiveness of the deduplication.
M, Kiruthika., M.S, Saravanan..  2021.  A Related work on secure event logs protection with user identity using privacy preservation for the cloud infrastructure. 2021 International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI). :1–4.
The cloud infrastructure is not new to the society from past one decade. But even in recent time, the companies started migrating from local services to cloud services for better connectivity and for other requirements, this is due to companies financial limitations on existing infrastructure, they are migrating to less cost and hire and fire support based cloud infrastructures. But the proposed cloud infrastructure require security on event logs accessed by different end users on the cloud environment. To adopt the security on local services to cloud service based infrastructure, it need better identify management between end users. Therefore this paper presents the related works of user identity as a service for each user involving in cloud service and the accessing permission and protection will be monitored and controlled by the cloud security infrastructures.
Nana, Huang, Yuanyuan, Yang.  2021.  An Integrative and Privacy Preserving-Based Medical Cloud Platform. 2021 IEEE 6th International Conference on Cloud Computing and Big Data Analytics (ICCCBDA). :411–414.
With the rapid development of cloud computing which has been extensively applied in the health research, the concept of medical cloud has become widespread. In this paper, we proposed an integrated medical cloud architecture with multiple applications based on privacy protection. The scheme in this paper adopted attribute encryption to ensure the PHR files encrypted all the time in order to protect the health privacy of the PHR owners not leaked. In addition, the medical cloud architecture proposed in this paper is suitable for multiple application scenarios. Different from the traditional domain division which has public domain (PUD) and private domain (PSD), the PUD domain is further divided into PUD1and PUD2 with finer granularity based on different permissions of the PHR users. In the PUD1, the PHR users have read or write access to the PHR files, while the PHR users in the PUD2 only have read permissions. In the PSD, we use key aggregation encryption (KAE) to realize the access control. For PHR users of PUD1 and PUD2, the outsourcable ABE technology is adopted to greatly reduce the computing burden of users. The results of function and performance test show that the scheme is safe and effective.
2022-05-06
Akumalla, Harichandana, Hegde, Ganapathi.  2021.  Deoxyribonucleic Acid Based Nonce-Misuse-Resistant Authenticated Encryption Algorithm. 2021 5th International Conference on Electronics, Materials Engineering Nano-Technology (IEMENTech). :1—5.
This paper aims to present a performance comparison of new authenticated encryption (AE) algorithm with the objective of high network security and better efficiency as compared to the defacto standard. This algorithm is based on a critical property of nonce-misuse-resistance incorporating DNA computation for securing the key, here the processing unit of DNA block converts the input key into its equivalent DNA base formats based on the ASCII code table. The need for secure exchange of keys through a public channel has become inevitable and thus, the proposed architecture will enhance the secrecy by using DNA cryptography. These implementations consider Advanced Encryption Standard in Galois Counter mode (AES-GCM) as a standard for comparison.
2022-05-05
Ahmed, Homam, Jie, Zhu, Usman, Muhammad.  2021.  Lightweight Fire Detection System Using Hybrid Edge-Cloud Computing. 2021 IEEE 4th International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering Technology (CCET). :153—157.
The emergence of the 5G network has boosted the advancements in the field of the internet of things (IoT) and edge/cloud computing. We present a novel architecture to detect fire in indoor and outdoor environments, dubbed as EAC-FD, an abbreviation of edge and cloud-based fire detection. Compared with existing frameworks, ours is lightweight, secure, cost-effective, and reliable. It utilizes a hybrid edge and cloud computing framework with Intel neural compute stick 2 (NCS2) accelerator is for inference in real-time with Raspberry Pi 3B as an edge device. Our fire detection model runs on the edge device while also capable of cloud computing for more robust analysis making it a secure system. We compare different versions of SSD-MobileNet architectures with ours suitable for low-end devices. The fire detection model shows a good balance between computational cost frames per second (FPS) and accuracy.
2022-05-03
Mohan, K. Madan, Yadav, B V Ram Naresh.  2021.  Dynamic Graph Based Encryption Scheme for Cloud Based Services and Storage. 2021 9th International Conference on Cyber and IT Service Management (CITSM). :1—4.

Cloud security includes the strategies which works together to guard data and infrastructure with a set of policies, procedures, controls and technologies. These security events are arranged to protect cloud data, support supervisory obedience and protect customers' privacy as well as setting endorsement rules for individual users and devices. The partition-based handling and encryption mechanism which provide fine-grained admittance control and protected data sharing to the data users in cloud computing. Graph partition problems fall under the category of NP-hard problems. Resolutions to these problems are generally imitative using heuristics and approximation algorithms. Partition problems strategy is used in bi-criteria approximation or resource augmentation approaches with a common extension of hyper graphs, which can address the storage hierarchy.

Stavrinides, Georgios L., Karatza, Helen D..  2021.  Security and Cost Aware Scheduling of Real-Time IoT Workflows in a Mist Computing Environment. 2021 8th International Conference on Future Internet of Things and Cloud (FiCloud). :34—41.

In this paper we propose a security and cost aware scheduling heuristic for real-time workflow jobs that process Internet of Things (IoT) data with various security requirements. The environment under study is a four-tier architecture, consisting of IoT, mist, fog and cloud layers. The resources in the mist, fog and cloud tiers are considered to be heterogeneous. The proposed scheduling approach is compared to a baseline strategy, which is security aware, but not cost aware. The performance evaluation of both heuristics is conducted via simulation, under different values of security level probabilities for the initial IoT input data of the entry tasks of the workflow jobs.

2022-04-26
Pisharody, Sandeep, Bernays, Jonathan, Gadepally, Vijay, Jones, Michael, Kepner, Jeremy, Meiners, Chad, Michaleas, Peter, Tse, Adam, Stetson, Doug.  2021.  Realizing Forward Defense in the Cyber Domain. 2021 IEEE High Performance Extreme Computing Conference (HPEC). :1–7.

With the recognition of cyberspace as an operating domain, concerted effort is now being placed on addressing it in the whole-of-domain manner found in land, sea, undersea, air, and space domains. Among the first steps in this effort is applying the standard supporting concepts of security, defense, and deterrence to the cyber domain. This paper presents an architecture that helps realize forward defense in cyberspace, wherein adversarial actions are repulsed as close to the origin as possible. However, substantial work remains in making the architecture an operational reality including furthering fundamental research cyber science, conducting design trade-off analysis, and developing appropriate public policy frameworks.

2022-04-25
Joseph, Zane, Nyirenda, Clement.  2021.  Deepfake Detection using a Two-Stream Capsule Network. 2021 IST-Africa Conference (IST-Africa). :1–8.
This paper aims to address the problem of Deepfake Detection using a Two-Stream Capsule Network. First we review methods used to create Deepfake content, as well as methods proposed in the literature to detect such Deepfake content. We then propose a novel architecture to detect Deepfakes, which consists of a two-stream Capsule network running in parallel that takes in both RGB images/frames as well as Error Level Analysis images. Results show that the proposed approach exhibits the detection accuracy of 73.39 % and 57.45 % for the Deepfake Detection Challenge (DFDC) and the Celeb-DF datasets respectively. These results are, however, from a preliminary implementation of the proposed approach. As part of future work, population-based optimization techniques such as Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) will be used to tune the hyper parameters for better performance.
2022-04-22
Zhang, Cuicui, Sun, Jiali, Lu, Ruixuan, Wang, Peng.  2021.  Anomaly Detection Model of Power Grid Data Based on STL Decomposition. 2021 IEEE 5th Information Technology,Networking,Electronic and Automation Control Conference (ITNEC). 5:1262—1265.
This paper designs a data anomaly detection method for power grid data centers. The method uses cloud computing architecture to realize the storage and calculation of large amounts of data from power grid data centers. After that, the STL decomposition method is used to decompose the grid data, and then the decomposed residual data is used for anomaly analysis to complete the detection of abnormal data in the grid data. Finally, the feasibility of the method is verified through experiments.
2022-04-20
Hassell, Suzanne, Beraud, Paul, Cruz, Alen, Ganga, Gangadhar, Martin, Steve, Toennies, Justin, Vazquez, Pablo, Wright, Gary, Gomez, Daniel, Pietryka, Frank et al..  2012.  Evaluating network cyber resiliency methods using cyber threat, Vulnerability and Defense Modeling and Simulation. MILCOM 2012 - 2012 IEEE Military Communications Conference. :1—6.
This paper describes a Cyber Threat, Vulnerability and Defense Modeling and Simulation tool kit used for evaluation of systems and networks to improve cyber resiliency. This capability is used to help increase the resiliency of networks at various stages of their lifecycle, from initial design and architecture through the operation of deployed systems and networks. Resiliency of computer systems and networks to cyber threats is facilitated by the modeling of agile and resilient defenses versus threats and running multiple simulations evaluated against resiliency metrics. This helps network designers, cyber analysts and Security Operations Center personnel to perform trades using what-if scenarios to select resiliency capabilities and optimally design and configure cyber resiliency capabilities for their systems and networks.
Bouk, Safdar Hussain, Ahmed, Syed Hassan, Hussain, Rasheed, Eun, Yongsoon.  2018.  Named Data Networking's Intrinsic Cyber-Resilience for Vehicular CPS. IEEE Access. 6:60570–60585.
Modern vehicles equipped with a large number of electronic components, sensors, actuators, and extensive connectivity, are the classical example of cyber-physical systems (CPS). Communication as an integral part of the CPS has enabled and offered many value-added services for vehicular networks. The communication mechanism helps to share contents with all vehicular network nodes and the surrounding environment, e.g., vehicles, traffic lights, and smart road signs, to efficiently take informed and smart decisions. Thus, it opens the doors to many security threats and vulnerabilities. Traditional TCP/IP-based communication paradigm focuses on securing the communication channel instead of the contents that travel through the network. Nevertheless, for content-centered application, content security is more important than communication channel security. To this end, named data networking (NDN) is one of the future Internet architectures that puts the contents at the center of communication and offers embedded content security. In this paper, we first identify the cyberattacks and security challenges faced by the vehicular CPS (VCPS). Next, we propose the NDN-based cyber-resilient, the layered and modular architecture for VCPS. The architecture includes the NDN's forwarding daemon, threat aversion, detection, and resilience components. A detailed discussion about the functionality of each component is also presented. Furthermore, we discuss the future challenges faced by the integration of NDN with VCPS to realize NDN-based VCPS.
Conference Name: IEEE Access
Zhang, Kailong, Li, Jiwei, Lu, Zhou, Luo, Mei, Wu, Xiao.  2013.  A Scene-Driven Modeling Reconfigurable Hardware-in-Loop Simulation Environment for the Verification of an Autonomous CPS. 2013 5th International Conference on Intelligent Human-Machine Systems and Cybernetics. 1:446–451.
Cyber-Physical System(CPS) is now a new evolutional morphology of embedded systems. With features of merging computation and physical processes together, the traditional verification and simulation methods have being challenged recently. After analyzed the state-of-art of related research, a new simulation environment is studied according to the characters of a special autonomous cyber-physical system-Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, and designed to be scene-driven, modeling and reconfigurable. In this environment, a novel CPS-in-loop architecture, which can support simulations under different customized scenes, is studied firstly to ensure its opening and flexibility. And as another foundation, some dynamics models of CPS and atmospheric ones of relative sensors are introduced to simulate the motion of CPS and the change of its posture. On the basis above, the reconfigurable scene-driven mechanisms that are Based on hybrid events are mainly excogitated. Then, different scenes can be configured in terms of special verification requirements, and then each scene will be decomposed into a spatio-temporal event sequence and scheduled by a scene executor. With this environment, not only the posture of CPS, but also the autonomy of its behavior can be verified and observed. It will be meaningful for the design of such autonomous CPS.
Deschamps, Henrick, Cappello, Gerlando, Cardoso, Janette, Siron, Pierre.  2017.  Toward a Formalism to Study the Scheduling of Cyber-Physical Systems Simulations. 2017 IEEE/ACM 21st International Symposium on Distributed Simulation and Real Time Applications (DS-RT). :1–8.
This paper presents ongoing work on the formalism of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) simulations. These systems are distributed real-time systems, and their simulations might be distributed or not. In this paper, we propose a model to describe the modular components forming a simulation of a CPS. The main goal is to introduce a model of generic simulation distributed architecture, on which we are able to execute a logical architecture of simulation. This architecture of simulation allows the expression of structural and behavioural constraints on the simulation, abstracting its execution. We will propose two implementations of the execution architecture based on generic architectures of distributed simulation: $\cdot$ The High Level Architecture (HLA), an IEEE standard for distributed simulation, and one of its open-source implementation of RunTime Infrastructure (RTI): CERTI. $\cdot$ The Distributed Simulation Scheduler (DSS), an Airbus framework scheduling predefined models. Finally, we present the initial results obtained applying our formalism to the open-source case study from the ROSACE case study.
2022-04-19
Liévin, Romain, Jamont, Jean-Paul, Hely, David.  2021.  CLASA : a Cross-Layer Agent Security Architecture for networked embedded systems. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Omni-Layer Intelligent Systems (COINS). :1–8.
Networked embedded systems (which include IoT, CPS, etc.) are vulnerable. Even though we know how to secure these systems, their heterogeneity and the heterogeneity of security policies remains a major problem. Designers face ever more sophisticated attacks while they are not always security experts and have to get a trade-off on design criteria. We propose in this paper the CLASA architecture (Cross-Layer Agent Security Architecture), a generic, integrated, inter-operable, decentralized and modular architecture which relies on cross-layering.
2022-04-18
Babenko, Liudmila, Shumilin, Alexander, Alekseev, Dmitry.  2021.  Development of the Algorithm to Ensure the Protection of Confidential Data in Cloud Medical Information System. 2021 14th International Conference on Security of Information and Networks (SIN). 1:1–4.
The main purpose to ensure the security for confidential medical data is to develop and implement the architecture of a medical cloud system, for storage, systematization, and processing of survey results (for example EEG) jointly with an algorithm for ensuring the protection of confidential data based on a fully homomorphic cryptosystem. The most optimal algorithm based on the test results (analysis of the time of encryption, decryption, addition, multiplication, the ratio of the signal-to-noise of the ciphertext to the open text), has been selected between two potential applicants for using (BFV and CKKS schemes). As a result, the CKKS scheme demonstrates maximal effectiveness in the context of the criticality of the requirements for an important level of security.
Shi, Guowei, Hao, Huajie, Lei, Jianghui, Zhu, Yuechen.  2021.  Application Security System Design of Internet of Things Based on Blockchain Technology. 2021 International Conference on Computer, Internet of Things and Control Engineering (CITCE). :134–137.
In view of the current status of Internet of Things applications and related security problems, the architecture system of Internet of Things applications based on block chain is introduced. First, it introduces the concepts related to blockchain technology, introduces the architecture system of iot application based on blockchain, and discusses its overall architecture design, key technologies and functional structure design. The product embodies the whole process of the Internet of Things platform on the basis of blockchain, which builds an infrastructure based on the Internet of Things and solves the increasingly serious security problems in the Internet of Things through the technical characteristics of decentralization.
Birrane, Edward J., Heiner, Sarah E..  2021.  Towards an Interoperable Security Policy for Space-Based Internetworks. 2021 IEEE Space Computing Conference (SCC). :84–94.

Renewed focus on spacecraft networking by government and private industry promises to establish interoperable communications infrastructures and enable distributed computing in multi-nodal systems. Planned near-Earth and cislunar missions by NASA and others evidence the start of building this networking vision. Working with space agencies, academia, and industry, NASA has developed a suite of communications protocols and algorithms collectively referred to as Delay-Tolerant Networking (DTN) to support an interoperable space network. Included in the DTN protocol suite is a security protocol - the Bundle Protocol Security Protocol - which provides the kind of delay-tolerant, transport-layer security needed for cislunar and deep-space trusted networking. We present an analysis of the lifecycle of security operations inherent in a space network with a focus on the DTN-enabled space networking paradigm. This analysis defines three security-related roles for spacecraft (Security Sources, verifiers, and acceptors) and associates a series of critical processing events with each of these roles. We then define the set of required and optional actions associated with these security events. Finally, we present a series of best practices associated with policy configurations that are unique to the space-network security problem. Framing space network security policy as a mapping of security actions to security events provides the details necessary for making trusted networks semantically interoperable. Finally, this method is flexible enough to allow for customization even while providing a unifying core set of mandatory security actions.

2022-04-13
Abdiyeva-Aliyeva, Gunay, Hematyar, Mehran, Bakan, Sefa.  2021.  Development of System for Detection and Prevention of Cyber Attacks Using Artifıcial Intelligence Methods. 2021 2nd Global Conference for Advancement in Technology (GCAT). :1—5.
Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies have given the cyber security industry a huge leverage with the possibility of having significantly autonomous models that can detect and prevent cyberattacks – even though there still exist some degree of human interventions. AI technologies have been utilized in gathering data which can then be processed into information that are valuable in the prevention of cyberattacks. These AI-based cybersecurity frameworks have commendable scalability about them and are able to detect malicious activities within the cyberspace in a prompter and more efficient manner than conventional security architectures. However, our one or two completed studies did not provide a complete and clear analyses to apply different machine learning algorithms on different media systems. Because of the existing methods of attack and the dynamic nature of malware or other unwanted software (adware etc.) it is important to automatically and systematically create, update and approve malicious packages that can be available to the public. Some of Complex tests have shown that DNN performs maybe can better than conventional machine learning classification. Finally, we present a multiple, large and hybrid DNN torrent structure called Scale-Hybrid-IDS-AlertNet, which can be used to effectively monitor to detect and review the impact of network traffic and host-level events to warn directly or indirectly about cyber-attacks. Besides this, they are also highly adaptable and flexible, with commensurate efficiency and accuracy when it comes to the detection and prevention of cyberattacks.There has been a multiplicity of AI-based cyber security architectures in recent years, and each of these has been found to show varying degree of effectiveness. Deep Neural Networks, which tend to be more complex and even more efficient, have been the major focus of research studies in recent times. In light of the foregoing, the objective of this paper is to discuss the use of AI methods in fighting cyberattacks like malware and DDoS attacks, with attention on DNN-based models.
Chahal, Jasmeen Kaur, Kaur, Puninder, Sharma, Avinash.  2021.  Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attacks in Software-defined Networks (SDN). 2021 5th International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, Communication, Computer Technologies and Optimization Techniques (ICEECCOT). :291—295.

Software-defined networking (SDN) is a new networking architecture having the concept of separation of control plane and data plane that leads the existing networks to be programmable, dynamically configurable and extremely flexible. This paradigm has huge benefits to organizations and large networks, however, its security is major issue and Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attack has become a serious concern for the working of SDN. In this article, we have proposed a taxonomy of DDoS Defense Mechanisms in SDN Environment. We have categorized the various DDoS detection and mitigation techniques with respect to switch intelligence, Defense Deployment, Defense Activity and Network Flow Activities.

Munmun, Farha Akhter, Paul, Mahuwa.  2021.  Challenges of DDoS Attack Mitigation in IoT Devices by Software Defined Networking (SDN). 2021 International Conference on Science Contemporary Technologies (ICSCT). :1—5.

Over the last few years, the deployment of Internet of Things (IoT) is attaining much more concern on smart computing devices. With the exponential growth of small devices and at the same time cheap prices of these sensing devices, there raises an important question for the security of the stored information as these devices generate a large amount of private data for observing and controlling purposes. Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are current examples of major security threats to IoT devices. As yet, no standard protocol can fully ensure the security of IoT devices. But adaptive decision making along with elasticity and incessant monitoring is required. These difficulties can be resolved with the assistance of Software Defined Networking (SDN) which can viably deal with the security dangers to the IoT devices in a powerful and versatile way without hampering the lightweightness of the IoT devices. Although SDN performs quite well for managing and controlling IoT devices, security is still an open concern. Nonetheless, there are a few challenges relating to the mitigation of DDoS attacks in IoT systems implemented with SDN architecture. In this paper, a brief overview of some of the popular DDoS attack mitigation techniques and their limitations are described. Also, the challenges of implementing these techniques in SDN-based architecture to IoT devices have been presented.

2022-04-01
Marru, Suresh, Kuruvilla, Tanya, Abeysinghe, Eroma, McMullen, Donald, Pierce, Marlon, Morgan, David Gene, Tait, Steven L., Innes, Roger W..  2021.  User-Centric Design and Evolvable Architecture for Science Gateways: A Case Study. 2021 IEEE/ACM 21st International Symposium on Cluster, Cloud and Internet Computing (CCGrid). :267–276.
Scientific applications built on wide-area distributed systems such as emerging cloud based architectures and the legacy grid computing infrastructure often struggle with user adoption even though they succeed from a systems research perspective. This paper examines the coupling of user-centered design processes with modern distributed systems. Further in this paper, we describe approaches for conceptualizing a product that solves a recognized need: to develop a data gateway to serve the data management and research needs of experimentalists of electron microscopes and similar shared scientific instruments in the context of a research service laboratory. The purpose of the data gateway is to provide secure, controlled access to data generated from a wide range of scientific instruments. From the functional perspective, we focus on the basic processing of raw data that underlies the lab's "business" processes, the movement of data from the laboratory to central access and archival storage points, and the distribution of data to respective authorized users. Through the gateway interface, users will be able to share the instrument data with collaborators or copy it to remote storage servers. Basic pipelines for extracting additional metadata (through a pluggable parser framework) will be enabled. The core contribution described in this paper, building on the aforementioned distributed data management capabilities, is the adoption of user-centered design processes for developing the scientific user interface. We describe the user-centered design methodology for exploring user needs, iteratively testing the design, learning from user experiences, and adapting what we learn to improve design and capabilities. We further conclude that user-centered design is, in turn, best enabled by an adaptable distributed systems framework. A key challenge to implementing a user-centered design is to have design tools closely linked with a software system architecture that can evolve over time while providing a highly available data gateway. A key contribution of this paper is to share the insights from crafting such an evolvable design-build-evaluate-deploy architecture and plans for iterative development and deployment.
Liu, Dongqi, Wang, Zhou, Liang, Haolan, Zeng, Xiangjun.  2021.  Artificial Immune Technology Architecture for Electric Power Equipment Embedded System. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Mechatronics Technology (ICEEMT). :485–490.
This paper proposes an artificial immune information security protection technology architecture for embedded system of Electric power equipment. By simulating the three functions of human immunity, namely "immune homeostasis", "immune surveillance" and "immune defense", the power equipment is endowed with the ability of human like active immune security protection. Among them, "immune homeostasis" is constructed by trusted computing technology components to establish a trusted embedded system running environment. Through fault-tolerant component construction, "immune surveillance" and "immune defense" realize illegal data defense, business logic legitimacy check and equipment status evaluation, realize real-time perception and evaluation of power equipment's own security status, as well as fault emergency handling and event backtracking record, so that power equipment can realize self recovery from abnormal status. The proposed technology architecture is systematic, scientific and rich in scalability, which can significantly improve the information security protection ability of electric power equipment.