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Das, Debashis, Banerjee, Sourav, Chatterjee, Pushpita, Ghosh, Uttam, Mansoor, Wathiq, Biswas, Utpal.  2022.  Design of an Automated Blockchain-Enabled Vehicle Data Management System. 2022 5th International Conference on Signal Processing and Information Security (ICSPIS). :22–25.
The Internet of Vehicles (IoV) has a tremendous prospect for numerous vehicular applications. IoV enables vehicles to transmit data to improve roadway safety and efficiency. Data security is essential for increasing the security and privacy of vehicle and roadway infrastructures in IoV systems. Several researchers proposed numerous solutions to address security and privacy issues in IoV systems. However, these issues are not proper solutions that lack data authentication and verification protocols. In this paper, a blockchain-enabled automated data management system for vehicles has been proposed and demonstrated. This work enables automated data verification and authentication using smart contracts. Certified organizations can only access vehicle data uploaded by the vehicle user to the Interplanetary File System (IPFS) server through that vehicle user’s consent. The proposed system increases the security of vehicles and data. Vehicle privacy is also maintained here by increasing data privacy.
ISSN: 2831-3844
Li, Leixiao, Xiong, Xiao, Gao, Haoyu, Zheng, Yue, Niu, Tieming, Du, Jinze.  2022.  Blockchain-based trust evaluation mechanism for Internet of Vehicles. 2022 IEEE Smartworld, Ubiquitous Intelligence & Computing, Scalable Computing & Communications, Digital Twin, Privacy Computing, Metaverse, Autonomous & Trusted Vehicles (SmartWorld/UIC/ScalCom/DigitalTwin/PriComp/Meta). :2011–2018.
In the traditional Internet of Vehicles, communication data is easily tampered with and easily leaked. In order to improve the trust evaluation mechanism of the Internet of Vehicles and establish a trust relationship between vehicles, a blockchain-based Internet of Vehicles trust evaluation (BBTE) scheme is proposed. First, the scheme uses the roadside unit RSU to calculate the trust value of vehicle nodes and maintain the generation, verification and storage of blocks, so as to realize distributed data storage and ensure that data cannot be tampered with. Secondly, an efficient trust evaluation method is designed. The method integrates four trust decision factors: initial trust, historical experience trust, recommendation trust and RSU observation trust to obtain the overall trust value of vehicle nodes. In addition, in the process of constructing the recommendation trust method, the recommendation trust is divided into three categories according to the interaction between the recommended vehicle node and the communicator, use CRITIC to obtain the optimal weights of three recommended trusts, and use CRITIC to obtain the optimal weights of four trust decision-making factors to obtain the final trust value. Finally, the NS3 simulation platform is used to verify the security and accuracy of the trust evaluation method, and to improve the identification accuracy and detection rate of malicious vehicle nodes. The experimental analysis shows that the scheme can effectively deal with the gray hole attack, slander attack and collusion attack of other vehicle nodes, improve the security of vehicle node communication interaction, and provide technical support for the basic application of Internet of Vehicles security.
Chen, Kai, Wu, Hongjun, Xu, Cheng, Ma, Nan, Dai, Songyin, Liu, Hongzhe.  2022.  An Intelligent Vehicle Data Security System based on Blockchain for Smart City. 2022 International Conference on Virtual Reality, Human-Computer Interaction and Artificial Intelligence (VRHCIAI). :227–231.
With the development of urbanization, the number of vehicles is gradually increasing, and vehicles are gradually developing in the direction of intelligence. How to ensure that the data of intelligent vehicles is not tampered in the process of transmission to the cloud is the key problem of current research. Therefore, we have established a data security transmission system based on blockchain. First, we collect and filter vehicle data locally, and then use blockchain technology to transmit key data. Through the smart contract, the key data is automatically and accurately transmitted to the surrounding node vehicles, and the vehicles transmit data to each other to form a transaction and spread to the whole network. The node data is verified through the node data consensus protocol of intelligent vehicle data security transmission system, and written into the block to form a blockchain. Finally, the vehicle user can query the transaction record through the vehicle address. The results show that we can safely and accurately transmit and query vehicle data in the blockchain database.
Yadav, Ranjeet, Ritambhara, Vaigandla, Karthik Kumar, Ghantasala, G S Pradeep, Singh, Rajesh, Gangodkar, Durgaprasad.  2022.  The Block Chain Technology to protect Data Access using Intelligent Contracts Mechanism Security Framework for 5G Networks. 2022 5th International Conference on Contemporary Computing and Informatics (IC3I). :108–112.
The introduction of the study primarily emphasises the significance of utilising block chain technologies with the possibility of privacy and security benefits from the 5G Network. One may state that the study’s primary focus is on all the advantages of adopting block chain technology to safeguard everyone’s access to crucial data by utilizing intelligent contracts to enhance the 5G network security model on information security operations.Our literature evaluation for the study focuses primarily on the advantages advantages of utilizing block chain technology advance data security and privacy, as well as their development and growth. The whole study paper has covered both the benefits and drawbacks of employing the block chain technology. The literature study part of this research article has, on the contrary hand, also studied several approaches and tactics for using the blockchain technology facilities. To fully understand the circumstances in this specific case, a poll was undertaken. It was possible for the researchers to get some real-world data in this specific situation by conducting a survey with 51 randomly selected participants.
Sha, Weinan, Luo, Tianyu, Leng, Jiewu, Lin, Zisheng.  2022.  Heterogeneous Multi-Blockchain Model-based Intellectual Property Protection in Social Manufacturing Paradigm. 2022 IEEE 25th International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD). :891–896.
[Purpose/meaning] In this paper, a unified scheme based on blockchain technology to realize the three modules of intellectual property confirmation, utilization, and protection of rights at the application layer is constructed, to solve the problem of unbalanced and inadequate resource distribution and development level in the field of industrial intellectual property. [Method/process] Based on the application of the core technology of blockchain in the field of intellectual property, this paper analyzes the pain points in the current field of intellectual property, and selects matching blockchain types according to the protection of intellectual property and the different decisions involved in the transaction process, to build a heterogeneous multi-chain model based on blockchain technology. [Conclusion] The heterogeneous multi-chain model based on Polkadot[1] network is proposed to realize the intellectual property protection scheme of a heterogeneous multi-chain model, to promote collaborative design and product development between regions, and to make up for the shortcomings of technical exchange, and weaken the phenomenon of "information island" in a certain extent. [Limitation/deficiency] The design of smart contracts in the field of intellectual property, the development of cross-chain protocols, and the formulation of national standards for blockchain technology still need to be developed and improved. At the same time, the intellectual property protection model designed in this paper needs to be verified in the application of practical cases.
Wanigasooriya, C. S., Gunasekara, A. D. A. I., Kottegoda, K. G. K. G..  2022.  Blockchain-based Intellectual Property Management Using Smart Contracts. 2022 3rd International Conference for Emerging Technology (INCET). :1–5.
Smart contracts are an attractive aspect of blockchain technology. A smart contract is a piece of executable code that runs on top of the blockchain and is used to facilitate, execute, and enforce agreements between untrustworthy parties without the need for a third party. This paper offers a review of the literature on smart contract applications in intellectual property management. The goal is to look at technology advancements and smart contract deployment in this area. The theoretical foundation of many papers published in recent years is used as a source of theoretical and implementation research for this purpose. According to the literature review we conducted, smart contracts function automatically, control, or document legally significant events and activities in line with the contract agreement's terms. This is a relatively new technology that is projected to deliver solutions for trust, security, and transparency across a variety of areas. An exploratory strategy was used to perform this literature review.
Shang, Siyuan, Zhou, Aoyang, Tan, Ming, Wang, Xiaohan, Liu, Aodi.  2022.  Access Control Audit and Traceability Forensics Technology Based on Blockchain. 2022 4th International Conference on Frontiers Technology of Information and Computer (ICFTIC). :932—937.
Access control includes authorization of security administrators and access of users. Aiming at the problems of log information storage difficulty and easy tampering faced by auditing and traceability forensics of authorization and access in cross-domain scenarios, we propose an access control auditing and traceability forensics method based on Blockchain, whose core is Ethereum Blockchain and IPFS interstellar mail system, and its main function is to store access control log information and trace forensics. Due to the technical characteristics of blockchain, such as openness, transparency and collective maintenance, the log information metadata storage based on Blockchain meets the requirements of distribution and trustworthiness, and the exit of any node will not affect the operation of the whole system. At the same time, by storing log information in the blockchain structure and using mapping, it is easy to locate suspicious authorization or judgment that lead to permission leakage, so that security administrators can quickly grasp the causes of permission leakage. Using this distributed storage structure for security audit has stronger anti-attack and anti-risk.
Yoon, Wonseok, Chang, Hangbae.  2022.  Insider Threat Data Expansion Research using Hyperledger Fabric. 2022 International Conference on Platform Technology and Service (PlatCon). :25—28.
This paper deals with how to implement a system that extends insider threat behavior data using private blockchain technology to overcome the limitations of insider threat datasets. Currently, insider threat data is completely undetectable in existing datasets for new methods of insider threat due to the lack of insider threat scenarios and abstracted event behavior. Also, depending on the size of the company, it was difficult to secure a sample of data with the limit of a small number of leaks among many general users in other organizations. In this study, we consider insiders who pose a threat to all businesses as public enemies. In addition, we proposed a system that can use a private blockchain to expand insider threat behavior data between network participants in real-time to ensure reliability and transparency.
Mishra, Shilpi, Arora, Himanshu, Parakh, Garvit, Khandelwal, Jayesh.  2022.  Contribution of Blockchain in Development of Metaverse. 2022 7th International Conference on Communication and Electronics Systems (ICCES). :845–850.
Metaverse is becoming the new standard for social networks and 3D virtual worlds when Facebook officially rebranded to Metaverse in October 2021. Many relevant technologies are used in the metaverse to offer 3D immersive and customized experiences at the user’s fingertips. Despite the fact that the metaverse receives a lot of attention and advantages, one of the most pressing concerns for its users is the safety of their digital material and data. As a result of its decentralization, immutability, and transparency, blockchain is a possible alternative. Our goal is to conduct a comprehensive assessment of blockchain systems in the metaverse to properly appreciate its function in the metaverse. To begin with, the paper introduces blockchain and the metaverse and explains why it’s necessary for the metaverse to adopt blockchain technology. Aside from these technological considerations, this article focuses on how blockchain-based approaches for the metaverse may be used from a privacy and security standpoint. There are several technological challenegs that need to be addressed for making the metaverse a reality. The influence of blockchain on important key technologies with in metaverse, such as Artifical Intelligence, big data and the Internet-of-Things (IoT) is also examined. Several prominent initiatives are also shown to demonstrate the importance of blockchain technology in the development of metaverse apps and services. There are many possible possibilities for future development and research in the application of blockchain technology in the metaverse.
Sun, Chuang, Cao, Junwei, Huo, Ru, Du, Lei, Cheng, Xiangfeng.  2022.  Metaverse Applications in Energy Internet. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Energy Internet (ICEI). :7–12.
With the increasing number of distributed energy sources and the growing demand for free exchange of energy, Energy internet (EI) is confronted with great challenges of persistent connection, stable transmission, real-time interaction, and security. The new definition of metaverse in the EI field is proposed as a potential solution for these challenges by establishing a massive and comprehensive fusion 3D network, which can be considered as the advanced stage of EI. The main characteristics of the metaverse such as reality to virtualization, interaction, persistence, and immersion are introduced. Specifically, we present the key enabling technologies of the metaverse including virtual reality, artificial intelligence, blockchain, and digital twin. Meanwhile, the potential applications are presented from the perspectives of immersive user experience, virtual power station, management, energy trading, new business, device maintenance. Finally, some challenges of metaverse in EI are concluded.
Peng, Haoran, Chen, Pei-Chen, Chen, Pin-Hua, Yang, Yung-Shun, Hsia, Ching-Chieh, Wang, Li-Chun.  2022.  6G toward Metaverse: Technologies, Applications, and Challenges. 2022 IEEE VTS Asia Pacific Wireless Communications Symposium (APWCS). :6–10.
Metaverse opens up a new social networking paradigm where people can experience a real interactive feeling without physical space constraints. Social interactions are gradually evolving from text combined with pictures and videos to 3-dimensional virtual reality, making the social experience increasingly physical, implying that more metaverse applications with immersive experiences will be developed in the future. However, the increasing data dimensionality and volume for new metaverse applications present a significant challenge in data acquisition, security, and sharing. Furthermore, metaverse applications require high capacity and ultrareliability for the wireless system to guarantee the quality of user experience, which cannot be addressed in the current fifth-generation system. Therefore, reaching the metaverse is dependent on the revolution in the sixth-generation (6G) wireless communication, which is expected to provide low-latency, high-throughput, and secure services. This article provides a comprehensive view of metaverse applications and investigates the fundamental technologies for the 6G toward metaverse.
Hariharasudan, V, Quraishi, Suhail Javed.  2022.  A Review on Blockchain Based Identity Management System. 2022 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Engineering and Management (ICIEM). :735—740.
The expansion of the internet has resulted in huge growth in every industry. It does, however, have a substantial impact on the downsides. Because of the internet's rapid growth, personally identifiable information (PII) should be kept secure in the coming years. Obtaining someone's personal information is rather simple nowadays. There are some established methods for keeping our personal information private. Further, it is essential because we must provide our identity cards to someone for every verification step. In this paper, we will look at some of the attempted methods for protecting our identities. We will highlight the research gaps and potential future enhancements in the research for more enhanced security based on our literature review.
Song, Zhiming, Yu, Yimin.  2022.  The Digital Identity Management System Model Based on Blockchain. 2022 International Conference on Blockchain Technology and Information Security (ICBCTIS). :131—137.
Digital identity management system is the securi-ty infrastructure of computer and internet applications. However, currently, most of the digital identity management systems are faced with problems such as the difficulty of cross-domain authentication and interoperation, the lack of credibility of identity authentication, the weakness of the security of identity data. Although the advantages of block-chain technology have attached the attentions of experts and scholars in the field of digital identity management and many digital identity management systems based on block-chain have been built, the systems still can't completely solve the problems mentioned above. Therefore, in this pa-per, an effective digital identity management system model is proposed which combines technologies of self-sovereign identity and oracle with blockchain so as to pave a way in solving the problems mentioned above and constructing a secure and reliable digital identity management system.
Saragih, Taruly Karlina, Tanuwijaya, Eric, Wang, Gunawan.  2022.  The Use of Blockchain for Digital Identity Management in Healthcare. 2022 10th International Conference on Cyber and IT Service Management (CITSM). :1—6.
Digitalization has occurred in almost all industries, one of them is health industry. Patients” medical records are now easier to be accessed and managed as all related data are stored in data storages or repositories. However, this system is still under development as number of patients still increasing. Lack of standardization might lead to patients losing their right to control their own data. Therefore, implementing private blockchain system with Self-Sovereign Identity (SSI) concept for identity management in health industry is a viable notion. With SSI, the patients will be benefited from having control over their own medical records and stored with higher security protocol. While healthcare providers will benefit in Know You Customer (KYC) process, if they handle new patients, who move from other healthcare providers. It will eliminate and shorten the process of updating patients' medical records from previous healthcare providers. Therefore, we suggest several flows in implementing blockchain for digital identity in healthcare industry to help overcome lack of patient's data control and KYC in current system. Nevertheless, implementing blockchain on health industry requires full attention from surrounding system and stakeholders to be realized.
Otta, Soumya Prakash, Panda, Subhrakanta, Hota, Chittaranjan.  2022.  Identity Management with Blockchain : Indian Migrant Workers Prospective. 2022 IEEE Conference on Interdisciplinary Approaches in Technology and Management for Social Innovation (IATMSI). :1—6.
The agricultural sector and other Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises in India operate with more than 90% migrant workers searching for better employment opportunities far away from their native places. However, inherent challenges are far more for the migrant workers, most prominently their Identity. To the best of our knowledge, available literature lacks a comprehensive study on identity management components for user privacy and data protection mechanisms in identity management architecture. Self-Sovereign Identity is regarded as a new evolution in digital identity management systems. Blockchain technology and distributed ledgers bring us closer to realizing an ideal Self-Sovereign Identity system. This paper proposes a novel solution to address identity issues being faced by migrant workers. It also gives a holistic, coherent, and mutually beneficial Identity Management Solution for the migrant workforce in the Indian perspective towards e-Governance and Digital India.
Dąbrowski, Marcin, Pacyna, Piotr.  2022.  Blockchain-based identity dicovery between heterogenous identity management systems. 2022 6th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP). :131—137.
Identity Management Systems (IdMS) have seemingly evolved in recent years, both in terms of modelling approach and in terms of used technology. The early centralized, later federated and user-centric Identity Management (IdM) was finally replaced by Self-Sovereign Identity (SSI). Solutions based on Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) appeared, with prominent examples of uPort, Sovrin or ShoCard. In effect, users got more freedom in creation and management of their identities. IdM systems became more distributed, too. However, in the area of interoperability, dynamic and ad-hoc identity management there has been almost no significant progress. Quest for the best IdM system which will be used by all entities and organizations is deemed to fail. The environment of IdM systems is, and in the near future will still be, heterogenous. Therefore a person will have to manage her or his identities in multiple IdM systems. In this article authors argument that future-proof IdM systems should be able to interoperate with each other dynamically, i.e. be able to discover existence of different identities of a person across multiple IdM systems, dynamically build trust relations and be able to translate identity assertions and claims across various IdM domains. Finally, authors introduce identity relationship model and corresponding identity discovery algorithm, propose IdMS-agnostic identity discovery service design and its implementation with use of Ethereum and Smart Contracts.
Said, Dhaou, Elloumi, Mayssa.  2022.  A New False Data Injection Detection Protocol based Machine Learning for P2P Energy Transaction between CEVs. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Electrical Sciences and Technologies in Maghreb (CISTEM). 4:1—5.
Without security, any network system loses its efficiency, reliability, and resilience. With the huge integration of the ICT capabilities, the Electric Vehicle (EV) as a transportation form in cities is becoming more and more affordable and able to reply to citizen and environmental expectations. However, the EV vulnerability to cyber-attacks is increasing which intensifies its negative impact on societies. This paper targets the cybersecurity issues for Connected Electric Vehicles (CEVs) in parking lots where a peer-to-peer(P2P) energy transaction system is launched. A False Data Injection Attack (FDIA) on the electricity price signal is considered and a Machine Learning/SVM classification protocol is used to detect and extract the right values. Simulation results are conducted to prove the effectiveness of this proposed model.
Huang, Fanwei, Li, Qiuping, Zhao, Junhui.  2022.  Trust Management Model of VANETs Based on Machine Learning and Active Detection Technology. 2022 IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC Workshops). :412—416.
With the continuous development of vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs), it brings great traffic convenience. How-ever, it is still a difficult problem for malicious vehicles to spread false news. In order to ensure the reliability of the message, an effective trust management model must be established, so that malicious vehicles can be detected and false information can be identified in the vehicle ad hoc network in time. This paper presents a trust management model based on machine learning and active detection technology, which evaluates the trust of vehicles and events to ensure the credibility of communication. Through the active detection mechanism, vehicles can detect the indirect trust of their neighbors, which improves the filtering speed of malicious nodes. Bayesian classifier can judge whether a vehicle is a malicious node by the state information of the vehicle, and can limit the behavior of the malicious vehicle at the first time. The simulation results show that our scheme can obviously restrict malicious vehicles.
Huang, Xiaoge, Yin, Hongbo, Wang, Yongsheng, Chen, Qianbin, Zhang, Jie.  2022.  Location-Based Reliable Sharding in Blockchain-Enabled Fog Computing Networks. 2022 14th International Conference on Wireless Communications and Signal Processing (WCSP). :12—16.
With the explosive growth of the internet of things (IoT) devices, there are amount of data requirements and computing tasks. Fog computing network that could provide computing, caching and communication resources closer to IoT devices (ID) is considered as a potential solution to deal with the vast computing tasks. To improve the performance of the fog computing network while ensuring data security, blockchain technology is enabled and a location-based reliable sharding (LRS) algorithm is proposed, which jointly considers the optimal number of shards, the geographical location of fog nodes (FNs), and the number of nodes in each shard. Firstly, the reliable sharding result is based on the reputation values of FNs, which are related to the decision information and historical reputation value of FNs in the consensus process. Moreover, a reputation based PBFT consensus algorithm is adopted to accelerate the consensus process. Furthermore, the normalized entropy is used to estimate the proportion of malicious nodes and optimize the number of shards. Finally, simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.
Lourens, Melanie, Naureen, Ayesha, Guha, Shouvik Kumar, Ahamad, Shahanawaj, Dharamvir, Tripathi, Vikas.  2022.  Circumstantial Discussion on Security and Privacy Protection using Cloud Computing Technology. 2022 2nd International Conference on Advance Computing and Innovative Technologies in Engineering (ICACITE). :1589—1593.
Cloud computing is becoming a demanding technology due to its flexibility, sensibility and remote accessibility. Apart from these applications of cloud computing, privacy and security are two terms that pose a circumstantial discussion. Various authors have argued on this topic that cloud computing is more secure than other data sharing and storing methods. The conventional data storing system is a computer system or smartphone storage. The argument debate also states that cloud computing is vulnerable to enormous types of attacks which make it a more concerning technology. This current study has also tried to draw the circumstantial and controversial debate on the security and privacy system of cloud computing. Primary research has been conducted with 65 cloud computing experts to understand whether a cloud computing security technique is highly secure or not. An online survey has been conducted with them where they provided their opinions based on the security and privacy system of cloud computing. Findings showed that no particular technology is available which can provide maximum security. Although the respondents agreed that blockchain is a more secure cloud computing technology; however, the blockchain also has certain threats which need to be addressed. The study has found essential encryption systems that can be integrated to strengthen security; however, continuous improvement is required.
Steffen, Samuel, Bichsel, Benjamin, Baumgartner, Roger, Vechev, Martin.  2022.  ZeeStar: Private Smart Contracts by Homomorphic Encryption and Zero-knowledge Proofs. 2022 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (SP). :179—197.
Data privacy is a key concern for smart contracts handling sensitive data. The existing work zkay addresses this concern by allowing developers without cryptographic expertise to enforce data privacy. However, while zkay avoids fundamental limitations of other private smart contract systems, it cannot express key applications that involve operations on foreign data.We present ZeeStar, a language and compiler allowing non-experts to instantiate private smart contracts and supporting operations on foreign data. The ZeeStar language allows developers to ergonomically specify privacy constraints using zkay’s privacy annotations. The ZeeStar compiler then provably realizes these constraints by combining non-interactive zero-knowledge proofs and additively homomorphic encryption.We implemented ZeeStar for the public blockchain Ethereum. We demonstrated its expressiveness by encoding 12 example contracts, including oblivious transfer and a private payment system like Zether. ZeeStar is practical: it prepares transactions for our contracts in at most 54.7s, at an average cost of 339k gas.
Li, Suozai, Huang, Ming, Wang, Qinghao, Zhang, Yongxin, Lu, Ning, Shi, Wenbo, Lei, Hong.  2022.  T-PPA: A Privacy-Preserving Decentralized Payment System with Efficient Auditability Based on TEE. 2022 IEEE 8th International Conference on Computer and Communications (ICCC). :1255–1263.
Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ethereum achieve decentralized payment by maintaining a globally distributed and append-only ledger. Recently, several researchers have sought to achieve privacy-preserving auditing, which is a crucial function for scenarios that require regulatory compliance, for decentralized payment systems. However, those proposed schemes usually cost much time for the cooperation between the auditor and the user due to leveraging complex cryptographic tools such as zero-knowledge proof. To tackle the problem, we present T-PPA, a privacy-preserving decentralized payment system, which provides customizable and efficient auditability by leveraging trusted execution environments (TEEs). T-PPA demands the auditor construct audit programs based on request and execute them in the TEE to protect the privacy of transactions. Then, identity-based encryption (IBE) is employed to construct the separation of power between the agency nodes and the auditor and to protect the privacy of transactions out of TEE. The experimental results show that T-PPA can achieve privacy-preserving audits with acceptable overhead.
Xu, Ruiyun, Wang, Zhanbo, Zhao, J. Leon.  2022.  A Novel Blockchain-Driven Framework for Deterring Fraud in Supply Chain Finance. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC). :1000–1005.
Frauds in supply chain finance not only result in substantial loss for financial institutions (e.g., banks, trust company, private funds), but also are detrimental to the reputation of the ecosystem. However, such frauds are hard to detect due to the complexity of the operating environment in supply chain finance such as involvement of multiple parties under different agreements. Traditional instruments of financial institutions are time-consuming yet insufficient in countering fraudulent supply chain financing. In this study, we propose a novel blockchain-driven framework for deterring fraud in supply chain finance. Specifically, we use inventory financing in jewelry supply chain as an illustrative scenario. The blockchain technology enables secure and trusted data sharing among multiple parties due to its characteristics of immutability and traceability. Consequently, information on manufacturing, brand license, and warehouse status are available to financial institutions in real time. Moreover, we develop a novel rule-based fraud check module to automatically detect suspicious fraud cases by auditing documents shared by multiple parties through a blockchain network. To validate the effectiveness of the proposed framework, we employ agent-based modeling and simulation. Experimental results show that our proposed framework can effectively deter fraudulent supply chain financing as well as improve operational efficiency.
ISSN: 2577-1655
Atiqoh, Jihan Lailatul, Moesrami Barmawi, Ari, Afianti, Farah.  2022.  Blockchain-based Smart Parking System using Ring Learning With Errors based Signature. 2022 6th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP). :154–158.
Recently, placing vehicles in the parking area is becoming a problem. A smart parking system is proposed to solve the problem. Most smart parking systems have a centralized system, wherein that type of system is at-risk of single-point failure that can affect the whole system. To overcome the weakness of the centralized system, the most popular mechanism that researchers proposed is blockchain. If there is no mechanism implemented in the blockchain to verify the authenticity of every transaction, then the system is not secure against impersonation attacks. This study combines blockchain mechanism with Ring Learning With Errors (RLWE) based digital signature for securing the scheme against impersonation and double-spending attacks. RLWE was first proposed by Lyubashevsky et al. This scheme is a development from the previous scheme Learning with Error or LWE.
Raghav, Nidhi, Bhola, Anoop Kumar.  2022.  Secured framework for privacy preserving healthcare based on blockchain. 2022 International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI). :1–5.
Healthcare has become one of the most important aspects of people’s lives, resulting in a surge in medical big data. Healthcare providers are increasingly using Internet of Things (IoT)-based wearable technologies to speed up diagnosis and treatment. In recent years, Through the Internet, billions of sensors, gadgets, and vehicles have been connected. One such example is for the treatment and care of patients, technology—remote patient monitoring—is already commonplace. However, these technologies also offer serious privacy and data security problems. Data transactions are transferred and logged. These medical data security and privacy issues might ensue from a pause in therapy, putting the patient’s life in jeopardy. We planned a framework to manage and analyse healthcare large data in a safe manner based on blockchain. Our model’s enhanced privacy and security characteristics are based on data sanitization and restoration techniques. The framework shown here make data and transactions more secure.
ISSN: 2329-7190