Visible to the public Biblio

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2020-06-04
Tsiota, Anastasia, Xenakis, Dionysis, Passas, Nikos, Merakos, Lazaros.  2019.  Multi-Tier and Multi-Band Heterogeneous Wireless Networks with Black Hole Attacks. 2019 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM). :1—6.

Wireless networks are currently proliferated by multiple tiers and heterogeneous networking equipment that aims to support multifarious services ranging from distant monitoring and control of wireless sensors to immersive virtual reality services. The vast collection of heterogeneous network equipment with divergent radio capabilities (e.g. multi-GHz operation) is vulnerable to wireless network attacks, raising questions on the service availability and coverage performance of future multi-tier wireless networks. In this paper, we study the impact of black hole attacks on service coverage of multi-tier heterogeneous wireless networks and derive closed form expressions when network nodes are unable to identify and avoid black hole nodes. Assuming access to multiple bands, the derived expressions can be readily used to assess the performance gains following from the employment of different association policies and the impact of black hole attacks in multi-tier wireless networks.

2020-06-02
Kundu, M. K., Shabab, S., Badrudduza, A. S. M..  2019.  Information Theoretic Security over α-µ/α-µ Composite Multipath Fading Channel. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Telecommunications and Photonics (ICTP). :1—4.

Multipath fading as well as shadowing is liable for the leakage of confidential information from the wireless channels. In this paper a solution to this information leakage is proposed, where a source transmits signal through a α-μ/α-μ composite fading channel considering an eavesdropper is present in the system. Secrecy enhancement is investigated with the help of two fading parameters α and μ. To mitigate the impacts of shadowing a α-μ distribution is considered whose mean is another α-μ distribution which helps to moderate the effects multipath fading. The mathematical expressions of some secrecy matrices such as the probability of non-zero secrecy capacity and the secure outage probability are obtained in closed-form to analyze security of the wireless channel in light of the channel parameters. Finally, Monte-Carlo simulations are provided to justify the correctness of the derived expressions.

2020-05-15
Lebiednik, Brian, Abadal, Sergi, Kwon, Hyoukjun, Krishna, Tushar.  2018.  Architecting a Secure Wireless Network-on-Chip. 2018 Twelfth IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Networks-on-Chip (NOCS). :1—8.
With increasing integration in SoCs, the Network-on-Chip (NoC) connecting cores and accelerators is of paramount importance to provide low-latency and high-throughput communication. Due to limits to scaling of electrical wires in terms of energy and delay, especially for long multi-mm distances on-chip, alternate technologies such as Wireless Network-on-Chip (WNoC) have shown promise. WNoCs can provide low-latency one-hop broadcasts across the entire chip and can augment point-to-point multi-hop signaling over traditional wired NoCs. Thus, there has been a recent surge in research demonstrating the performance and energy benefits of WNoCs. However, little to no work has studied the additional security and fault tolerance challenges that are unique to WNoCs. In this work, we study potential threats related to denial-of-service, spoofing, and eavesdropping attacks in WNoCs, due to malicious hardware trojans or faulty wireless components. We introduce Prometheus, a dropin solution inside the network interface that provides protection from all three attacks, while adhering to the strict area, power and latency constraints of on-chip systems.
2020-05-11
Poovendran, R, Billclinton., S, Darshan., R, Dinakar., R, Fazil., M.  2019.  Design and analysis of a mesh-based Adaptive Wireless Network-on Chips Architecture With Irregular Network Routing. 2019 IEEE International Conference on System, Computation, Automation and Networking (ICSCAN). :1–6.
The metallic interface for between core messages expends wealth influence and lesser throughput which are huge in Network-on Chip (NoC) structures. We proposed a remote Network-on-Chip (NoC) building Wireless Network-on Chip that uses power and imperatives gainful remote handsets to improve higherenergy and throughput by altering channels as indicated by traffic plans. Our proposed computations uses interface use bits of knowledge to redispensreal platforms, and a vitality funds of 29-35%. Wireless channels and a token sharing arrangement to totally use the remote information transmission successfully. Remote/electrical topological with results demonstrates a through-put advancement of 69%, a speedup between 1.7-2.9X on real platform, and an power savings of 25-38%.
2020-04-10
Simpson, Oluyomi, Sun, Yichuang.  2019.  A Stochastic Method to Physical Layer Security of an Amplify-and-Forward Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Networks: Secondary User to Relay. 2019 15th International Wireless Communications Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC). :197—202.
In this paper, a framework for capitalizing on the potential benefits of physical layer security in an amplify-and-forward cooperative spectrum sensing (AF-CSS) in a cognitive radio network (CRN) using a stochastic geometry is proposed. In the CRN network the sensing data from secondary users (SUs) are collected by a fusion center (FC) with the help of access points (AP) as relays, and when malicious eavesdropping secondary users (SUs) are listening. We focus on the secure transmission of active SUs transmitting their sensing data to the AP. Closed expressions for the average secrecy rate are presented. Numerical results corroborate our analysis and show that multiple antennas at the APs can enhance the security of the AF-CSS-CRN. The obtained numerical results show that average secrecy rate between the AP and its correlated FC decreases when the number of AP is increased. Nevertheless, we find that an increase in the number of AP initially increases the overall average secrecy rate, with a perilous value at which the overall average secrecy rate then decreases. While increasing the number of active SUs, there is a decrease in the secrecy rate between the sensor and its correlated AP.
Srinu, Sesham, Reddy, M. Kranthi Kumar, Temaneh-Nyah, Clement.  2019.  Physical layer security against cooperative anomaly attack using bivariate data in distributed CRNs. 2019 11th International Conference on Communication Systems Networks (COMSNETS). :410—413.
Wireless communication network (WCN) performance is primarily depends on physical layer security which is critical among all other layers of OSI network model. It is typically prone to anomaly/malicious user's attacks owing to openness of wireless channels. Cognitive radio networking (CRN) is a recently emerged wireless technology that is having numerous security challenges because of its unlicensed access of wireless channels. In CRNs, the security issues occur mainly during spectrum sensing and is more pronounced during distributed spectrum sensing. In recent past, various anomaly effects are modelled and developed detectors by applying advanced statistical techniques. Nevertheless, many of these detectors have been developed based on sensing data of one variable (energy measurement) and degrades their performance drastically when the data is contaminated with multiple anomaly nodes, that attack the network cooperatively. Hence, one has to develop an efficient multiple anomaly detection algorithm to eliminate all possible cooperative attacks. To achieve this, in this work, the impact of anomaly on detection probability is verified beforehand in developing an efficient algorithm using bivariate data to detect possible attacks with mahalanobis distance measure. Result discloses that detection error of cooperative attacks by anomaly has significant impact on eigenvalue-based sensing.
2020-04-06
Alamleh, Hosam, AlQahtani, Ali Abdullah S..  2020.  Two Methods for Authentication Using Variable Transmission Power Patterns. 2020 10th Annual Computing and Communication Workshop and Conference (CCWC). :0355–0358.
In the last decade, the adoption of wireless systems has increased. These systems allow multiple devices to send data wirelessly using radio waves. Moreover, in some applications, authentication is done wirelessly by exchanging authentication data over the air as in wireless locks and keyless entry systems. On the other hand, most of the wireless devices today can control the radio frequency transmission power to optimize the system's performance and minimize interference. In this paper, we explore the possibility of modulating the radio frequency transmission power in wireless systems for authentication purposes and using it for source authentication. Furthermore, we propose two system models that perform authentication using variable power transmission patterns. Then, we discuss possible applications. Finally, we implement and test a prototype system using IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi) devices.
2020-03-09
Xiaoxin, LOU, Xiulan, SONG, Defeng, HE, Liming, MENG.  2019.  Secure estimation for intelligent connected vehicle systems against sensor attacks. 2019 Chinese Control Conference (CCC). :6658–6662.
Intelligent connected vehicle system tightly integrates computing, communication, and control strategy. It can increase the traffic throughput, minimize the risk of accidents and reduce the energy consumption. However, because of the openness of the vehicular ad hoc network, the system is vulnerable to cyber-attacks and may result in disastrous consequences. Hence, it is interesting in design of the connected vehicular systems to be resilient to the sensor attacks. The paper focuses on the estimation and control of the intelligent connected vehicle systems when the sensors or the wireless channels of the system are attacked by attackers. We give the upper bound of the corrupted sensors that can be corrected and design the state estimator to reconstruct the initial state by designing a closed-loop controller. Finally, we verify the algorithm for the connected vehicle system by some classical simulations.
2020-03-02
Wheeler, Thomas, Bharathi, Ezhil, Gil, Stephanie.  2019.  Switching Topology for Resilient Consensus Using Wi-Fi Signals. 2019 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA). :2018–2024.

Securing multi-robot teams against malicious activity is crucial as these systems accelerate towards widespread societal integration. This emerging class of ``physical networks'' requires research into new methods of security that exploit their physical nature. This paper derives a theoretical framework for securing multi-agent consensus against the Sybil attack by using the physical properties of wireless transmissions. Our frame-work uses information extracted from the wireless channels to design a switching signal that stochastically excludes potentially untrustworthy transmissions from the consensus. Intuitively, this amounts to selectively ignoring incoming communications from untrustworthy agents, allowing for consensus to the true average to be recovered with high probability if initiated after a certain observation time T0 that we derive. This work is different from previous work in that it allows for arbitrary malicious node values and is insensitive to the initial topology of the network so long as a connected topology over legitimate nodes in the network is feasible. We show that our algorithm will recover consensus and the true graph over the system of legitimate agents with an error rate that vanishes exponentially with time.

2020-02-17
Hylamia, Sam, Yan, Wenqing, Rohner, Christian, Voigt, Thiemo.  2019.  Tiek: Two-tier Authentication and Key Distribution for Wearable Devices. 2019 International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob). :1–6.
Wearable devices, such as implantable medical devices and smart wearables, are becoming increasingly popular with applications that vary from casual activity monitoring to critical medical uses. Unsurprisingly, numerous security vulnerabilities have been found in this class of devices. Yet, research on physical measurement-based authentication and key distribution assumes that body-worn devices are benign and uncompromised. Tiek is a novel authentication and key distribution protocol which addresses this issue. We utilize two sources of randomness to perform device authentication and key distribution simultaneously but through separate means. This creates a two-tier authorization scheme that enables devices to join the network while protecting them from each other. We describe Tiek and analyze its security.
Lin, Yun, Chang, Jie.  2019.  Improving Wireless Network Security Based On Radio Fingerprinting. 2019 IEEE 19th International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security Companion (QRS-C). :375–379.
With the rapid development of the popularity of wireless networks, there are also increasing security threats that follow, and wireless network security issues are becoming increasingly important. Radio frequency fingerprints generated by device tolerance in wireless device transmitters have physical characteristics that are difficult to clone, and can be used for identity authentication of wireless devices. In this paper, we propose a radio frequency fingerprint extraction method based on fractional Fourier transform for transient signals. After getting the features of the signal, we use RPCA to reduce the dimension of the features, and then use KNN to classify them. The results show that when the SNR is 20dB, the recognition rate of this method is close to 100%.
2020-01-21
Jain, Jay Kumar, Chauhan, Dipti.  2019.  Analytical Study on Mobile Ad Hoc Networks for IPV6. 2019 4th International Conference on Internet of Things: Smart Innovation and Usages (IoT-SIU). :1–6.
The ongoing progressions in wireless innovation have lead to the advancement of another remote framework called Mobile Ad hoc Networks. The Mobile Ad hoc Network is a self arranging system of wireless gadgets associated by wireless connections. The traditional protocol, for example, TCP/IP has restricted use in Mobile impromptu systems in light of the absence of portability and assets. This has lead to the improvement of many steering conventions, for example, proactive, receptive and half breed. One intriguing examination zone in MANET is steering. Steering in the MANETs is a testing assignment and has gotten a colossal measure of consideration from examines. An uncommon consideration is paid on to feature the combination of MANET with the critical highlights of IPv6, for example, coordinated security, start to finish correspondence. This has prompted advancement of various directing conventions for MANETs, and every creator of each developed convention contends that the technique proposed gives an improvement over various distinctive systems considered in the writing for a given system situation. In this way, it is very hard to figure out which conventions may perform best under various diverse system situations, for example, expanding hub thickness and traffic. In this paper, we give the ongoing expository investigation on MANETs for IPV6 systems.
Zhou, Lin, Feng, Jing, He, Haiguang, Mao, Zhijie, Chen, Yingmei, Gao, Mei, He, Zhuzhen.  2019.  A Construction Method of Security Mechanism Requirement for Wireless Access System Based on CC Standard. 2019 International Conference on Intelligent Transportation, Big Data Smart City (ICITBS). :369–372.

Aiming at the incomplete and incomplete security mechanism of wireless access system in emergency communication network, this paper proposes a security mechanism requirement construction method for wireless access system based on security evaluation standard. This paper discusses the requirements of security mechanism construction in wireless access system from three aspects: the definition of security issues, the construction of security functional components and security assurance components. This method can comprehensively analyze the security threats and security requirements of wireless access system in emergency communication network, and can provide correct and reasonable guidance and reference for the establishment of security mechanism.

Zhan, Xin, Yuan, Huabing, Wang, Xiaodong.  2019.  Research on Block Chain Network Intrusion Detection System. 2019 International Conference on Computer Network, Electronic and Automation (ICCNEA). :191–196.

With the development of computer technology and the popularization of network, network brings great convenience to colleagues and risks to people from all walks of life all over the world. The data in the network world is growing explosively. Various kinds of intrusions are emerging in an endless stream. The means of network intrusion are becoming more and more complex. The intrusions occur at any time and the security threats become more and more serious. Defense alone cannot meet the needs of system security. It is also necessary to monitor the behavior of users in the network at any time and detect new intrusions that may occur at any time. This will not only make people's normal network needs cannot be guaranteed, but also face great network risks. So that people not only rely on defensive means to protect network security, this paper explores block chain network intrusion detection system. Firstly, the characteristics of block chain are briefly introduced, and the challenges of block chain network intrusion security and privacy are proposed. Secondly, the intrusion detection system of WLAN is designed experimentally. Finally, the conclusion analysis of block chain network intrusion detection system is discussed.

2020-01-13
Lipps, Christoph, Krummacker, Dennis, Schotten, Hans Dieter.  2019.  Securing Industrial Wireless Networks: Enhancing SDN with PhySec. 2019 Conference on Next Generation Computing Applications (NextComp). :1–7.
The requirements regarding network management defined by the continuously rising amount of interconnected devices in the industrial landscape turns it into an increasingly complex task. Associated by the fusion of technologies up to Cyber-Physical Production Systems (CPPS) and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) with its multitude of communicating sensors and actuators new demands arise. In particular, the driving forces of this development, mobility and flexibility, are affecting today's networks. However, it is precisely these wireless solutions, as enabler for this advancement, that create new attack vectors and cyber-security threats. Furthermore, many cryptographic procedures, intended to secure the networks, require additional overhead, which is limiting the transmission bandwidth and speed as well. For this reason, new and efficient solutions must be developed and applied, in order to secure the existing, as well as the future, industrial communication networks. This work proposes a conceptual approach, consisting of a combination of Software-Defined Networking (SDN) and Physical Layer Security (PhySec) to satisfy the network security requirements. Use cases are explained that demonstrate the appropriateness of the approach and it is shown that this is a easy to use and resource efficient, but nevertheless sound and secure approach.
2019-12-05
Sejaphala, Lanka, Velempini, Mthulisi, Dlamini, Sabelo Velemseni.  2018.  HCOBASAA: Countermeasure Against Sinkhole Attacks in Software-Defined Wireless Sensor Cognitive Radio Networks. 2018 International Conference on Advances in Big Data, Computing and Data Communication Systems (icABCD). :1-5.

Software-defined wireless sensor cognitive radio network is one of the emerging technologies which is simple, agile, and flexible. The sensor network comprises of a sink node with high processing power. The sensed data is transferred to the sink node in a hop-by-hop basis by sensor nodes. The network is programmable, automated, agile, and flexible. The sensor nodes are equipped with cognitive radios, which sense available spectrum bands and transmit sensed data on available bands, which improves spectrum utilization. Unfortunately, the Software-defined wireless sensor cognitive radio network is prone to security issues. The sinkhole attack is the most common attack which can also be used to launch other attacks. We propose and evaluate the performance of Hop Count-Based Sinkhole Attack detection Algorithm (HCOBASAA) using probability of detection, probability of false negative, and probability of false positive as the performance metrics. On average HCOBASAA managed to yield 100%, 75%, and 70% probability of detection.

2019-11-27
MirhoseiniNejad, S. Mohamad, Rahmanpour, Ali, Razavizadeh, S. Mohammad.  2018.  Phase Jamming Attack: A Practical Attack on Physical Layer-Based Key Derivation. 2018 15th International ISC (Iranian Society of Cryptology) Conference on Information Security and Cryptology (ISCISC). :1–4.

Key derivation from the physical layer features of the communication channels is a promising approach which can help the key management and security enhancement in communication networks. In this paper, we consider a key generation technique that quantizes the received signal phase to obtain the secret keys. We then study the effect of a jamming attack on this system. The jammer is an active attacker that tries to make a disturbance in the key derivation procedure and changes the phase of the received signal by transmitting an adversary signal. We evaluate the effect of jamming on the security performance of the system and show the ways to improve this performance. Our numerical results show that more phase quantization regions limit the probability of successful attacks.

Sun, Xiaoli, Yang, Weiwei, Cai, Yueming, Tao, Liwei, Cai, Chunxiao.  2018.  Physical Layer Security in Wireless Information and Power Transfer Millimeter Wave Systems. 2018 24th Asia-Pacific Conference on Communications (APCC). :83–87.

This paper studies the physical layer security performance of a Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer (SWIPT) millimeter wave (mmWave) ultra-dense network under a stochastic geometry framework. Specifically, we first derive the energy-information coverage probability and secrecy probability in the considered system under time switching policies. Then the effective secrecy throughput (EST) which can characterize the trade-off between the energy coverage, secure and reliable transmission performance is derived. Theoretical analyses and simulation results reveal the design insights into the effects of various network parameters like, transmit power, time switching factor, transmission rate, confidential information rate, etc, on the secrecy performance. Specifically, it is impossible to realize the effective secrecy throughput improvement just by increasing the transmit power.

2019-11-25
Lu, Xinjin, Lei, Jing, Li, Wei, Pan, Zhipeng.  2018.  A Delayed Feedback Chaotic Encryption Algorithm Based on Polar Codes. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Electronics and Communication Engineering (ICECE). :27–31.
With the development of wireless communication, the reliability and the security of data is very significant for the wireless communication. In this paper, a delayed feedback chaotic encryption algorithm based on polar codes is proposed. In order to protect encoding information, we make uses of wireless channels to extract binary keys. The extracted binary keys will be used as the initial value of chaotic system to produce chaotic sequences. Besides, we use the chain effects of delayed feedback, which increase the difficulty of cryptanalysis. The results of the theoretical analyses and simulations show that the algorithm could guarantee the security of data transmission without affecting reliability.
2019-10-30
Ghose, Nirnimesh, Lazos, Loukas, Li, Ming.  2018.  Secure Device Bootstrapping Without Secrets Resistant to Signal Manipulation Attacks. 2018 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (SP). :819-835.
In this paper, we address the fundamental problem of securely bootstrapping a group of wireless devices to a hub, when none of the devices share prior associations (secrets) with the hub or between them. This scenario aligns with the secure deployment of body area networks, IoT, medical devices, industrial automation sensors, autonomous vehicles, and others. We develop VERSE, a physical-layer group message integrity verification primitive that effectively detects advanced wireless signal manipulations that can be used to launch man-in-the-middle (MitM) attacks over wireless. Without using shared secrets to establish authenticated channels, such attacks are notoriously difficult to thwart and can undermine the authentication and key establishment processes. VERSE exploits the existence of multiple devices to verify the integrity of the messages exchanged within the group. We then use VERSE to build a bootstrapping protocol, which securely introduces new devices to the network. Compared to the state-of-the-art, VERSE achieves in-band message integrity verification during secure pairing using only the RF modality without relying on out-of-band channels or extensive human involvement. It guarantees security even when the adversary is capable of fully controlling the wireless channel by annihilating and injecting wireless signals. We study the limits of such advanced wireless attacks and prove that the introduction of multiple legitimate devices can be leveraged to increase the security of the pairing process. We validate our claims via theoretical analysis and extensive experimentations on the USRP platform. We further discuss various implementation aspects such as the effect of time synchronization between devices and the effects of multipath and interference. Note that the elimination of shared secrets, default passwords, and public key infrastructures effectively addresses the related key management challenges when these are considered at scale.
2019-08-26
Lu, B., Qin, Z., Yang, M., Xia, X., Zhang, R., Wang, L..  2018.  Spoofing Attack Detection Using Physical Layer Information in Cross-Technology Communication. 2018 15th Annual IEEE International Conference on Sensing, Communication, and Networking (SECON). :1-2.

Recent advances in Cross-Technology Communication (CTC) enable the coexistence and collaboration among heterogeneous wireless devices operating in the same ISM band (e.g., Wi-Fi, ZigBee, and Bluetooth in 2.4 GHz). However, state-of-the-art CTC schemes are vulnerable to spoofing attacks since there is no practice authentication mechanism yet. This paper proposes a scheme to enable the spoofing attack detection for CTC in heterogeneous wireless networks by using physical layer information. First, we propose a model to detect ZigBee packets and measure the corresponding Received Signal Strength (RSS) on Wi-Fi devices. Then, we design a collaborative mechanism between Wi-Fi and ZigBee devices to detect the spoofing attack. Finally, we implement and evaluate our methods through experiments on commercial off-the- shelf (COTS) Wi-Fi and ZigBee devices. Our results show that it is possible to measure the RSS of ZigBee packets on Wi-Fi device and detect spoofing attack with both a high detection rate and a low false positive rate in heterogeneous wireless networks.

2019-07-01
Shinde, P., Karve, A., Mandaliya, P., Patil, S..  2018.  Wireless Security Audit Penetration Test Using Raspberry Pi. 2018 International Conference on Smart City and Emerging Technology (ICSCET). :1-4.

With the advancement in the wireless technology there are more and more devices connected over WiFi network. Security is one of the major concerns about WiFi other than performance, range, usability, etc. WiFi Auditor is a collection of WiFi testing tools and services packed together inside Raspberry Pi 3 module. The WiFi auditor allows the penetration tester to conduct WiFi attacks and reconnaissance on the selected client or on the complete network. WiFi auditor is portable and stealth hence allowing the attacker to simulate the attacks without anyone noticing them. WiFi auditor provides services such as deliberate jamming, blocking or interference with authorized wireless communications which can be done to the whole network or just a particular node.

2019-06-10
Rmayti, M., Begriche, Y., Khatoun, R., Khoukhi, L., Mammeri, A..  2018.  Graph-based wormhole attack detection in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). 2018 Fourth International Conference on Mobile and Secure Services (MobiSecServ). :1–6.

A Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a set of nodes that communicate together in a cooperative way using the wireless medium, and without any central administration. Due to its inherent open nature and the lack of infrastructure, security is a complicated issue compared to other networks. That is, these networks are vulnerable to a a wide range of attacks at different network layers. At the network level, malicious nodes can perform several attacks ranging from passive eavesdropping to active interfering. Wormhole is an example of severe attack that has attracted much attention recently. It involves the redirection of traffic between two end-nodes through a Wormhole tunnel, and manipulates the routing algorithm to give illusion that nodes located far from each other are neighbors. To handle with this issue, we propose a novel detection model to allow a node to check whether a presumed shortest path contains a Wormhole tunnel or not. Our approach is based on the fact that the Wormhole tunnel reduces significantly the length of the paths passing through it.

2019-03-25
Yıldırım, A. Y., Kurt, G. K..  2018.  A filter selection based physical layer security system. 2018 26th Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU). :1–4.
In this paper a new physical layer security method is proposed against eavesdropping attacks. Our purpose is to demonstrate that performance of the legitimate receiver can be increased and performance of the eavesdropper can be decreased by matching between the roll of factors of root raised cosine filters in the transmitter and receiver. Through the matching between the roll of factors (a), a performance difference is generated between the legitimate receiver and the eavesdropper. By using three software defined radio nodes error vector magnitude of the legitimate receiver and the eavesdropper is measured according to roll of factors. Performance differences the receiver are demonstrated when the roll off factor is matched and mismatched.
2019-02-18
Yuan, Y., Huo, L., Wang, Z., Hogrefe, D..  2018.  Secure APIT Localization Scheme Against Sybil Attacks in Distributed Wireless Sensor Networks. IEEE Access. 6:27629–27636.
For location-aware applications in wireless sensor networks (WSNs), it is important to ensure that sensor nodes can get correct locations in a hostile WSNs. Sybil attacks, which are vital threats in WSNs, especially in the distributed WSNs. They can forge one or multiple identities to decrease the localization accuracy, or sometimes to collapse the whole localization systems. In this paper, a novel lightweight sybilfree (SF)-APIT algorithm is presented to solve the problem of sybil attacks in APIT localization scheme, which is a popular range-free method and performs at individual node in a purely distributed fashion. The proposed SF-APIT scheme requires minimal overhead for wireless devices and works well based on the received signal strength. Simulations demonstrate that SF-APIT is an effective scheme in detecting and defending against sybil attacks with a high detection rate in distributed wireless localization schemes.