Visible to the public Biblio

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2021-02-15
Av, N., Kumar, N. A..  2020.  Image Encryption Using Genetic Algorithm and Bit-Slice Rotation. 2020 11th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). :1–6.
Cryptography is a powerful means of delivering information in a secure manner. Over the years, many image encryption algorithms have been proposed based on the chaotic system to protect the digital image against cryptography attacks. In chaotic encryption, it jumbles the image to vary the framework of the image. This makes it difficult for the attacker to retrieve the original image. This paper introduces an efficient image encryption algorithm incorporating the genetic algorithm, bit plane slicing and bit plane rotation of the digital image. The digital image is sliced into eight planes and each plane is well rotated to give a fully encrypted image after the application of the Genetic Algorithm on each pixel of the image. This makes it less prone to attacks. For decryption, we perform the operations in the reverse order. The performance of this algorithm is measured using various similarity measures like Structural Similarity Index Measure (SSIM). The results exhibit that the proposed scheme provides a stronger level of encryption and an enhanced security level.
Lakshmanan, S. K., Shakkeera, L., Pandimurugan, V..  2020.  Efficient Auto key based Encryption and Decryption using GICK and GDCK methods. 2020 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Sustainable Systems (ICISS). :1102–1106.
Security services and share information is provided by the computer network. The computer network is by default there is not security. The Attackers can use this provision to hack and steal private information. Confidentiality, creation, changes, and truthful of data is will be big problems in the network. Many types of research have given many methods regarding this, from these methods Generating Initial Chromosome Key called Generating Dynamic Chromosome Key (GDCK), which is a novel approach. With the help of the RSA (Rivest Shamir Adleman) algorithm, GICK and GDCK have created an initial key. The proposed method has produced new techniques using genetic fitness function for the sender and receiver. The outcome of GICK and GDCK has been verified by NIST (National Institute of Standards Technology) tools and analyzes randomness of auto-generated keys with various methods. The proposed system has involved three examines; it has been yield better P-Values 6.44, 7.05, and 8.05 while comparing existing methods.
Bisht, K., Deshmukh, M..  2020.  Encryption algorithm based on knight’s tour and n-neighbourhood addition. 2020 7th International Conference on Signal Processing and Integrated Networks (SPIN). :31–36.
This paper presents a new algorithm for image encryption by extending the Knight's Tour Problem (KTP). The idea behind the proposed algorithm is to generate a Knight Tour (KT) matrix (m,n) and then divide the image according to the size of knight tour matrix into several sub matrices. Finally, apply n-neighborhood addition modulo encryption algorithm according to the solution of KT matrix over each m × n partition of the image. The proposed algorithm provides image encryption without using the cover images. Results obtained from experiments have shown that the proposed algorithm is efficient, simple and does not disclose any information from encrypted image.
Rabieh, K., Mercan, S., Akkaya, K., Baboolal, V., Aygun, R. S..  2020.  Privacy-Preserving and Efficient Sharing of Drone Videos in Public Safety Scenarios using Proxy Re-encryption. 2020 IEEE 21st International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration for Data Science (IRI). :45–52.
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) also known as drones are being used in many applications where they can record or stream videos. One interesting application is the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and public safety applications where drones record videos and send them to a control center for further analysis. These videos are shared by various clients such as law enforcement or emergency personnel. In such cases, the recording might include faces of civilians or other sensitive information that might pose privacy concerns. While the video can be encrypted and stored in the cloud that way, it can still be accessed once the keys are exposed to third parties which is completely insecure. To prevent such insecurity, in this paper, we propose proxy re-encryption based sharing scheme to enable third parties to access only limited videos without having the original encryption key. The costly pairing operations in proxy re-encryption are not used to allow rapid access and delivery of the surveillance videos to third parties. The key management is handled by a trusted control center, which acts as the proxy to re-encrypt the data. We implemented and tested the approach in a realistic simulation environment using different resolutions under ns-3. The implementation results and comparisons indicate that there is an acceptable overhead while it can still preserve the privacy of drivers and passengers.
Chen, Z., Chen, J., Meng, W..  2020.  A New Dynamic Conditional Proxy Broadcast Re-Encryption Scheme for Cloud Storage and Sharing. 2020 IEEE Intl Conf on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, Intl Conf on Pervasive Intelligence and Computing, Intl Conf on Cloud and Big Data Computing, Intl Conf on Cyber Science and Technology Congress (DASC/PiCom/CBDCom/CyberSciTech). :569–576.
Security of cloud storage and sharing is concerned for years since a semi-trusted party, Cloud Server Provider (CSP), has access to user data on cloud server that may leak users' private data without constraint. Intuitively, an efficient solution of protecting cloud data is to encrypt it before uploading to the cloud server. However, a new requirement, data sharing, makes it difficult to manage secret keys among data owners and target users. Therefore conditional proxy broadcast re-encryption technology (CPBRE) is proposed in recent years to provide data encryption and sharing approaches for cloud environment. It enables a data owner to upload encrypted data to the cloud server and a third party proxy can re-encrypted cloud data under certain condition to a new ciphertext so that target users can decrypt re-encrypted data using their own private key. But few CPBRE schemes are applicable for a dynamic cloud environment. In this paper, we propose a new dynamic conditional proxy broadcast reencryption scheme that can be dynamic in system user setting and target user group. The initialization phase does not require a fixed system user setup so that users can join or leave the system in any time. And data owner can dynamically change the group of user he wants to share data with. We also provide security analysis which proves our scheme to be secure against CSP, and performance analysis shows that our scheme exceeds other schemes in terms of functionality and resource cost.
Huang, K..  2020.  Online/Offline Revocable Multi-Authority Attribute-Based Encryption for Edge Computing. 2020 12th International Conference on Measuring Technology and Mechatronics Automation (ICMTMA). :563–568.
Multi-authority attribute-based encryption (MA-ABE) is a promising technique to achieve fine-grained access control over encrypted data in cross domain applications. However, the dynamic change of users' access privilege brings security problems, and the heavy encryption computational cost is issue for resource-constrained users in IoT. Moreover, the invalid or illegal ciphertext will waste system resources. We propose a large universe MA-CP-ABE scheme with revocation and online/offline encryption. In our scheme, an efficient revocation mechanism is designed to change users' access privilege timely. Most of the encryption operations have been executed in the user's initialization phase by adding reusable ciphertext pool besides splitting the encryption algorithm to online encryption and offline encryption. Moreover, the scheme supports ciphertext verification and only valid ciphertext can be stored and transmitted. The proposed scheme is proven statically secure under the q-DPBDHE2 assumption. The performance analysis results indicate that the proposed scheme is efficient and suitable for resource constrained users in edge computing for IoT.
Zhu, L., Zhou, X., Zhang, X..  2020.  A Reversible Meaningful Image Encryption Scheme Based on Block Compressive Sensing. 2020 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Information Communication and Signal Processing (ICICSP). :326–330.
An efficient and reversible meaningful image encryption scheme is proposed in this paper. The plain image is first compressed and encrypted simultaneously by Adaptive Block Compressive Sensing (ABCS) framework to create a noise-like secret image. Next, Least Significant Bit (LSB) embedding is employed to embed the secret image into a carrier image to generate the final meaningful cipher image. In this scheme, ABCS improves the compression and efficiency performance, and the embedding and extraction operations are absolutely reversible. The simulation results and security analyses are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness, compression, secrecy of the proposed scheme.
Reshma, S., Shaila, K., Venugopal, K. R..  2020.  DEAVD - Data Encryption and Aggregation using Voronoi Diagram for Wireless Sensor Networks. 2020 Fourth World Conference on Smart Trends in Systems, Security and Sustainability (WorldS4). :635–638.
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are applied in environmental monitoring, military surveillance, etc., whereas these applications focuses on providing security for sensed data and the nodes are available for a long time. Hence, we propose DEAVD protocol for secure data exchange with limited usage of energy. The DEAVD protocol compresses data to reduces the energy consumption and implements an energy efficient encryption and decryption technique using voronoi diagram paradigm. Thus, there is an improvement in the proposed protocol with respect to security due to the concept adapted during data encryption and aggregation.
Zhang, Z., Wang, Z., Li, S..  2020.  Research and Implementation on an Efficient Public Key Encryption Algorithm with Keyword Search Scheme. 2020 IEEE 5th International Conference on Cloud Computing and Big Data Analytics (ICCCBDA). :314–319.
With the rapid development of network storage service, a number of companies and individuals have stored data on a third-party server. Encryption is an effective means of protecting the confidentiality and privacy of data, but retrieval on the encrypted data is a very difficult task. Thus, searchable encryption has become a hot topic in recent years. The paper first introduces the existing searchable encryption algorithms. Then studies the new PEKS scheme (NPEKS) and analyzes its performance and efficiency. In the end, based on NPEKS, introduced attribute encryption, designed a scheme which is suitable for corporate cloud storage environment. This scheme not only has the advantages of simplicity and efficiency, but also can realize the secret retrieval of the third-party data. Experiments show that comparing with existing PEKS schemes and other improved schemes, this scheme has the advantages of simplicity and high efficiency. In addition, its security is the same as existing PEKS schemes.
2021-01-18
Singh, G., Garg, S..  2020.  Fuzzy Elliptic Curve Cryptography based Cipher Text Policy Attribute based Encryption for Cloud Security. 2020 International Conference on Intelligent Engineering and Management (ICIEM). :327–330.

Cipher Text Policy Attribute Based Encryption which is a form of Public Key Encryption has become a renowned approach as a Data access control scheme for data security and confidentiality. It not only provides the flexibility and scalability in the access control mechanisms but also enhances security by fuzzy fined-grained access control. However, schemes are there which for more security increases the key size which ultimately leads to high encryption and decryption time. Also, there is no provision for handling the middle man attacks during data transfer. In this paper, a light-weight and more scalable encryption mechanism is provided which not only uses fewer resources for encoding and decoding but also improves the security along with faster encryption and decryption time. Moreover, this scheme provides an efficient key sharing mechanism for providing secure transfer to avoid any man-in-the-middle attacks. Also, due to fuzzy policies inclusion, chances are there to get approximation of user attributes available which makes the process fast and reliable and improves the performance of legitimate users.

2020-06-26
Savitri, Nadia, Johan, Ahmad Wali Satria Bahari, Al Islama A, Firnanda, Utaminingrum, Fitri.  2019.  Efficient Technique Image Encryption with Cipher Block Chaining and Gingerbreadman Map. 2019 International Conference on Sustainable Information Engineering and Technology (SIET). :116—119.

Digital image security is now a severe issue, especially when sending images to telecommunications networks. There are many ways where digital images can be encrypted and decrypted from secure communication. Digital images contain data that is important when captured or disseminated to preserve and preserve data. The technique of encryption is one way of providing data on digital images. A key cipher block chaining and Gingerbreadman Map are used in our search to encrypt images. This new system uses simplicity, high quality, enhanced by the vehicle's natural efficiency and the number of the chain. The proposed method is performed for experimental purposes and the experiments are performed in- depth, highly reliable analysis. The results confirm that by referring to several known attacks, the plan cannot be completed. Comparative studies with other algorithms show a slight rise in the security of passwords with the advantages of security of the chain. The results of this experiment are a comparison of button sensitivity and a comparison after encryption and decryption of the initial image using the amount of pixel change rate and unified average change intensity.

Abir, Md. Towsif, Rahman, Lamiya, Miftah, Samit Shahnawaz, Sarker, Sudipta, Al Imran, Md. Ibrahim, Shafiqul Islam, Md..  2019.  Image Encryption and Decryption using Enigma Algorithm. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Electrical, Computer and Communication Technologies (ICECCT). :1—5.

The main objective of this paper is to present a more secured and computationally efficient procedure of encrypting and decrypting images using the enigma algorithm in comparison to the existing methods. Available literature on image encryptions and descriptions are not highly secured in every case.To achieve more secured image processing for highly advanced technologies, a proposed algorithm can be the process used in enigma machine for image encryption and decryption. Enigma machine is piece of spook hardware that was used frequently during the World War II by the Germans. This paper describes the detailed algorithm along with proper demonstration of several essential components present in an enigma machine that is required for image security. Each pixel in a colorful picture can be represented by RGB (Red, Green, Blue) value. The range of RGB values is 0 to 255 that states the red, green and blue intensity of a particular picture.These RGB values are accessed one by one and changed into another by various steps and hence it is not possible to track the original RGB value. In order to retrieve the original image, the receiver needs to know the setting of the enigma. To compare the decrypted image with the original one,these two images are subtracted and their results are also discussed in this paper.

Bouchaala, Mariem, Ghazel, Cherif, Saidane, Leila Azouz.  2019.  Revocable Sliced CipherText Policy Attribute Based Encryption Scheme in Cloud Computing. 2019 15th International Wireless Communications Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC). :1860—1865.

Cloud Computing is the most promising paradigm in recent times. It offers a cost-efficient service to individual and industries. However, outsourcing sensitive data to entrusted Cloud servers presents a brake to Cloud migration. Consequently, improving the security of data access is the most critical task. As an efficient cryptographic technique, Ciphertext Policy Attribute Based Encryption(CP-ABE) develops and implements fine-grained, flexible and scalable access control model. However, existing CP-ABE based approaches suffer from some limitations namely revocation, data owner overhead and computational cost. In this paper, we propose a sliced revocable solution resolving the aforementioned issues abbreviated RS-CPABE. We applied splitting algorithm. We execute symmetric encryption with Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)in large data size and asymmetric encryption with CP-ABE in constant key length. We re-encrypt in case of revocation one single slice. To prove the proposed model, we expose security and performance evaluation.

Betha, Durga Janardhana Anudeep, Bhanuj, Tatineni Sai, Umamaheshwari, B, Iyer, R. Abirami, Devi, R. Santhiya, Amirtharajan, Rengarajan, Praveenkumar, Padmapriya.  2019.  Chaotic based Image Encryption - A Neutral Perspective. 2019 International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI). :1—5.

Today, there are several applications which allow us to share images over the internet. All these images must be stored in a secure manner and should be accessible only to the intended recipients. Hence it is of utmost importance to develop efficient and fast algorithms for encryption of images. This paper uses chaotic generators to generate random sequences which can be used as keys for image encryption. These sequences are seemingly random and have statistical properties. This makes them resistant to analysis and correlation attacks. However, these sequences have fixed cycle lengths. This restricts the number of sequences that can be used as keys. This paper utilises neural networks as a source of perturbation in a chaotic generator and uses its output to encrypt an image. The robustness of the encryption algorithm can be verified using NPCR, UACI, correlation coefficient analysis and information entropy analysis.

Chandra, K. Ramesh, Prudhvi Raj, B., Prasannakumar, G..  2019.  An Efficient Image Encryption Using Chaos Theory. 2019 International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Control Systems (ICCS). :1506—1510.

This paper presents the encryption of advanced pictures dependent on turmoil hypothesis. Two principal forms are incorporated into this method those are pixel rearranging and pixel substitution. Disorder hypothesis is a part of science concentrating on the conduct of dynamical frameworks that are profoundly touchy to beginning conditions. A little change influences the framework to carry on totally unique, little changes in the beginning position of a disorganized framework have a major effect inevitably. A key of 128-piece length is created utilizing mayhem hypothesis, and decoding should be possible by utilizing a similar key. The bit-XOR activity is executed between the unique picture and disorder succession x is known as pixel substitution. Pixel rearranging contains push savvy rearranging and section astute rearranging gives extra security to pictures. The proposed strategy for encryption gives greater security to pictures.

M, Raviraja Holla, D, Suma.  2019.  Memory Efficient High-Performance Rotational Image Encryption. 2019 International Conference on Communication and Electronics Systems (ICCES). :60—64.

Image encryption is an essential part of a Visual Cryptography. Existing traditional sequential encryption techniques are infeasible to real-time applications. High-performance reformulations of such methods are increasingly growing over the last decade. These reformulations proved better performances over their sequential counterparts. A rotational encryption scheme encrypts the images in such a way that the decryption is possible with the rotated encrypted images. A parallel rotational encryption technique makes use of a high-performance device. But it less-leverages the optimizations offered by them. We propose a rotational image encryption technique which makes use of memory coalescing provided by the Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA). The proposed scheme achieves improved global memory utilization and increased efficiency.

Ahmad, Jawad, Tahir, Ahsen, Khan, Jan Sher, Khan, Muazzam A, Khan, Fadia Ali, Arshad, Habib, Zeeshan.  2019.  A Partial Ligt-weight Image Encryption Scheme. 2019 UK/ China Emerging Technologies (UCET). :1—3.

Due to greater network capacity and faster data speed, fifth generation (5G) technology is expected to provide a huge improvement in Internet of Things (IoTs) applications, Augmented & Virtual Reality (AR/VR) technologies, and Machine Type Communications (MTC). Consumer will be able to send/receive high quality multimedia data. For the protection of sensitive multimedia data, a large number of encryption algorithms are available, however, these encryption schemes does not provide light-weight encryption solution for real-time application requirements. This paper proposes a new multi-chaos computational efficient encryption for digital images. In the proposed scheme, plaintext image is transformed using Lifting Wavelet Transform (LWT) and only one-fourth part of the transformed image is encrypted using light-weight Chebyshev and Intertwining maps. Both chaotic maps were chaotically coupled for the confusion and diffusion processes which further enhances the image security. Encryption/decryption speed and other security measures such as correlation coefficient, entropy, Number of Pixels Change Rate (NPCR), contrast, energy, homogeneity confirm the superiority of the proposed light-weight encryption scheme.

B M, Chandrakala, Linga Reddy, S C.  2019.  Proxy Re-Encryption using MLBC (Modified Lattice Based Cryptography). 2019 International Conference on Recent Advances in Energy-efficient Computing and Communication (ICRAECC). :1—5.
In last few years, Proxy Re-Encryption has been used for forwarding the encrypted message to the user, these users are the one who has not been a part of encryption. In the past several scheme were developed in order to provide the efficient and secure proxy re-encryption. However, these methodology mainly focused on features like maximum key privacy, minimal trust proxy and others. In such cases the efficiency and security was mainly ignored. Hence, in order to provide the efficient and secure proxy re-encryption, we proposed an algorithm named as MLBC (Modified Lattice Based Cryptography) is proposed. Our method is based on the PKE (Public Key Encryption) and it provides more efficiency when compared to the other cryptography technique. Later in order to evaluate the algorithm simulation is done based on several parameter such as encryption time, proxy key generation time, Re-encryption time and Total computation time. Later, it is compared with the existing algorithm and the plotted graph clearly shows that our algorithm outperforms the existing algorithm.
2020-04-20
Zaw, Than Myo, Thant, Min, Bezzateev, S. V..  2019.  Database Security with AES Encryption, Elliptic Curve Encryption and Signature. 2019 Wave Electronics and its Application in Information and Telecommunication Systems (WECONF). :1–6.

A database is an organized collection of data. Though a number of techniques, such as encryption and electronic signatures, are currently available for the protection of data when transmitted across sites. Database security refers to the collective measures used to protect and secure a database or database management software from illegitimate use and malicious threats and attacks. In this paper, we create 6 types of method for more secure ways to store and retrieve database information that is both convenient and efficient. Confidentiality, integrity, and availability, also known as the CIA triad, is a model designed to guide policies for information security within the database. There are many cryptography techniques available among them, ECC is one of the most powerful techniques. A user wants to the data stores or request, the user needs to authenticate. When a user who is authenticated, he will get key from a key generator and then he must be data encrypt or decrypt within the database. Every keys store in a key generator and retrieve from the key generator. We use 256 bits of AES encryption for rows level encryption, columns level encryption, and elements level encryption for the database. Next two method is encrypted AES 256 bits random key by using 521 bits of ECC encryption and signature for rows level encryption and column level encryption. Last method is most secure method in this paper, which method is element level encryption with AES and ECC encryption for confidentiality and ECC signature use for every element within the database for integrity. As well as encrypting data at rest, it's also important to ensure confidential data are encrypted in motion over our network to protect against database signature security. The advantages of elements level are difficult for attack because the attacker gets a key that is lose only one element. The disadvantages need to thousands or millions of keys to manage.

2020-01-07
Rao, Deepthi, Kumar, D.V.N. Siva, Thilagam, P. Santhi.  2018.  An Efficient Multi-User Searchable Encryption Scheme without Query Transformation over Outsourced Encrypted Data. 2018 9th IFIP International Conference on New Technologies, Mobility and Security (NTMS). :1-4.

Searchable Encryption (SE) schemes provide security and privacy to the cloud data. The existing SE approaches enable multiple users to perform search operation by using various schemes like Broadcast Encryption (BE), Attribute-Based Encryption (ABE), etc. However, these schemes do not allow multiple users to perform the search operation over the encrypted data of multiple owners. Some SE schemes involve a Proxy Server (PS) that allow multiple users to perform the search operation. However, these approaches incur huge computational burden on PS due to the repeated encryption of the user queries for transformation purpose so as to ensure that users' query is searchable over the encrypted data of multiple owners. Hence, to eliminate this computational burden on PS, this paper proposes a secure proxy server approach that performs the search operation without transforming the user queries. This approach also returns the top-k relevant documents to the user queries by using Euclidean distance similarity approach. Based on the experimental study, this approach is efficient with respect to search time and accuracy.

Matsunaga, Yusuke, Yoshimura, Masayoshi.  2019.  An Efficient SAT-Attack Algorithm Against Logic Encryption. 2019 IEEE 25th International Symposium on On-Line Testing and Robust System Design (IOLTS). :44-47.

This paper presents a novel efficient SAT-attack algorithm for logic encryption. The existing SAT-attack algorithm can decrypt almost all encrypted circuits proposed so far, however, there are cases that it takes a huge amount of CPU time. This is because the number of clauses being added during the decryption increases drastically in that case. To overcome that problem, a novel algorithm is developed, which considers the equivalence of clauses to be added. Experiments show that the proposed algorithm is much faster than the existing algorithm.

Sakr, Ahmed S., El–kafrawy, P M., Abdullkader, Hatem M., Ibrahem, Hani M..  2018.  An Efficient Framework for Big Data Security Based on Selection Encryption on Amazonec2. 2018 1st International Conference on Computer Applications Information Security (ICCAIS). :1-5.

With the wide use of smart device made huge amount of information arise. This information needed new methods to deal with it from that perspective big data concept arise. Most of the concerns on big data are given to handle data without concentrating on its security. Encryption is the best use to keep data safe from malicious users. However, ordinary encryption methods are not suitable for big data. Selective encryption is an encryption method that encrypts only the important part of the message. However, we deal with uncertainty to evaluate the important part of the message. The problem arises when the important part is not encrypted. This is the motivation of the paper. In this paper we propose security framework to secure important and unimportant portion of the message to overcome the uncertainty. However, each will take a different encryption technique for better performance without losing security. The framework selects the important parts of the message to be encrypted with a strong algorithm and the weak part with a medium algorithm. The important of the word is defined according to how its origin frequently appears. This framework is applied on amazon EC2 (elastic compute cloud). A comparison between the proposed framework, the full encryption method and Toss-A-Coin method are performed according to encryption time and throughput. The results showed that the proposed method gives better performance according to encryption time, throughput than full encryption.

Chen, Wei-Hao, Fan, Chun-I, Tseng, Yi-Fan.  2018.  Efficient Key-Aggregate Proxy Re-Encryption for Secure Data Sharing in Clouds. 2018 IEEE Conference on Dependable and Secure Computing (DSC). :1-4.

Cloud computing undoubtedly is the most unparalleled technique in rapidly developing industries. Protecting sensitive files stored in the clouds from being accessed by malicious attackers is essential to the success of the clouds. In proxy re-encryption schemes, users delegate their encrypted files to other users by using re-encryption keys, which elegantly transfers the users' burden to the cloud servers. Moreover, one can adopt conditional proxy re-encryption schemes to employ their access control policy on the files to be shared. However, we recognize that the size of re-encryption keys will grow linearly with the number of the condition values, which may be impractical in low computational devices. In this paper, we combine a key-aggregate approach and a proxy re-encryption scheme into a key-aggregate proxy re-encryption scheme. It is worth mentioning that the proposed scheme is the first key-aggregate proxy re-encryption scheme. As a side note, the size of re-encryption keys is constant.

Hussain, Syed Saiq, Sohail Ibrahim, Muhammad, Mir, Syed Zain, Yasin, Sajid, Majeed, Muhammad Kashif, Ghani, Azfar.  2018.  Efficient Video Encryption Using Lightweight Cryptography Algorithm. 2018 3rd International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering, Sciences and Technology (ICEEST). :1-6.

The natural redundancy in video data due to its spatio-temporal correlation of neighbouring pixels require highly complex encryption process to successfully cipher the data. Conventional encryption methods are based on lengthy keys and higher number of rounds which are inefficient for low powered, small battery operated devices. Motivated by the success of lightweight encryption methods specially designed for IoT environment, herein an efficient method for video encryption is proposed. The proposed technique is based on a recently proposed encryption algorithm named Secure IoT (SIT), which utilizes P and Q functions of the KHAZAD cipher to achieve high encryption at low computation cost. Extensive simulations are performed to evaluate the efficacy of the proposed method and results are compared with Secure Force (SF-64) cipher. Under all conditions the proposed method achieved significantly improved results.

Nateghizad, Majid, Veugen, Thijs, Erkin, Zekeriya, Lagendijk, Reginald L..  2018.  Secure Equality Testing Protocols in the Two-Party Setting. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security. :3:1-3:10.

Protocols for securely testing the equality of two encrypted integers are common building blocks for a number of proposals in the literature that aim for privacy preservation. Being used repeatedly in many cryptographic protocols, designing efficient equality testing protocols is important in terms of computation and communication overhead. In this work, we consider a scenario with two parties where party A has two integers encrypted using an additively homomorphic scheme and party B has the decryption key. Party A would like to obtain an encrypted bit that shows whether the integers are equal or not but nothing more. We propose three secure equality testing protocols, which are more efficient in terms of communication, computation or both compared to the existing work. To support our claims, we present experimental results, which show that our protocols achieve up to 99% computation-wise improvement compared to the state-of-the-art protocols in a fair experimental set-up.