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Sattar, Muhammad Umar, Rehman, Rana Asif.  2019.  Interest Flooding Attack Mitigation in Named Data Networking Based VANETs. 2019 International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology (FIT). :245—2454.

Nowadays network applications have more focus on content distribution which is hard to tackle in IP based Internet. Information Centric Network (ICN) have the ability to overcome this problem for various scenarios, specifically for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs). Conventional IP based system have issues like mobility management hence ICN solve this issue because data fetching is not dependent on a particular node or physical location. Many initial investigations have performed on an instance of ICN commonly known as Named Data Networking (NDN). However, NDN exposes the new type of security susceptibilities, poisoning cache attack, flooding Interest attack, and violation of privacy because the content in the network is called by the name. This paper focused on mitigation of Interest flooding attack by proposing new scheme, named Interest Flooding Attack Mitigation Scheme (IFAMS) in Vehicular Named Data Network (VNDN). Simulation results depict that proposed IFAMS scheme mitigates the Interest flooding attack in the network.

Zhou, Yiwen, Shen, Qili, Dong, Mianxiong, Ota, Kaoru, Wu, Jun.  2019.  Chaos-Based Delay-Constrained Green Security Communications for Fog-Enabled Information-Centric Multimedia Network. 2019 IEEE 89th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2019-Spring). :1–6.
The Information-Centric Network possessing the content-centric features, is the innovative architecture of the next generation of network. Collaborating with fog computing characterized by its strong edge power, ICN will become the development trend of the future network. The emergence of Information-Centric Multimedia Network (ICMN) can meet the increasing demand for transmission of multimedia streams in the current Internet environment. The data transmission has become more delay-constrained and convenient because of the distributed storage, the separation between the location of information and terminals, and the strong cacheability of each node in ICN. However, at the same time, the security of the multimedia streams in the delivery process still requires further protection against wiretapping, interception or attacking. In this paper, we propose the delay-constrained green security communications for ICMN based on chaotic encryption and fog computing so as to transmit multimedia streams in a more secure and time-saving way. We adapt a chaotic cryptographic method to ICMN, implementing the encryption and decryption of multimedia streams. Meanwhile, the network edge capability to process the encryption and decryption is enhanced. Thanks to the fog computing, the strengthened transmission speed of the multimedia streams can fulfill the need for short latency. The work in the paper is of great significance to improve the green security communications of multimedia streams in ICMN.
Suksomboon, Kalika, Shen, Zhishu, Ueda, Kazuaki, Tagami, Atsushi.  2019.  C2P2: Content-Centric Privacy Platform for Privacy-Preserving Monitoring Services. 2019 IEEE 43rd Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC). 1:252–261.
Motivated by ubiquitous surveillance cameras in a smart city, a monitoring service can be provided to citizens. However, the rise of privacy concerns may disrupt this advanced service. Yet, the existing cloud-based services have not clearly proven that they can preserve Wth-privacy in which the relationship of three types of information, i.e., who requests the service, what the target is and where the camera is, does not leak. We address this problem by proposing a content-centric privacy platform (C2P2) that enables the construction of a Wth-privacy-preserving monitoring service without cloud dependency. C2P2 uses an image classification model of a target serving as the key to access the monitoring service specific to the target. In C2P2, communication is based on information-centric networking (ICN) that enables privacy preservation to be centered on the content itself rather than relying on a centralized system. Moreover, to preserve the privacy of bystanders, C2P2 separates the sensitive information (e.g., human faces) from the non-sensitive information (e.g., image background), while the privacy-aware forwarding strategies in C2P2 enable data aggregation and prevent privacy leakage resulting from false positive of image recognition. We evaluate the privacy leakage of C2P2 compared to that of the cloud-based system. The privacy analysis shows that, compared to the cloud-based system, C2P2 achieves a lower privacy loss ratio while reducing the communication cost significantly.
Srinivasan, Shruthi, Mazumdar, Arka Prokash.  2019.  Mitigating Content Poisoning in Content Centric Network: A Lightweight Approach. 2019 10th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). :1–6.
The internet paradigm was designed to forward packets from host-to-host. But nowadays the focal point has moved to data. The Internet Centric Network (ICN) provides architectures to meet this requirement. The Content Centric Network (CCN) is the most widely used ICN architecture. Information Centric Network's ability to perform in-network caching lead to faster retrieval of data on subsequent request. Although latency is solved, caching in a router makes it vulnerable to attacks that focus on the cache. One such attack is content poisoning, that will fill the router with poisoned content making the end user difficult to retrieve original valid data. In this paper, we propose a solution to mitigate content poisoning attack that will consume minimum time and require minimal storage overhead during the verification process.
Shen, Qili, Wu, Jun, Li, Jianhua.  2019.  Edge Learning Based Green Content Distribution for Information-Centric Internet of Things. 2019 42nd International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP). :67–70.
Being the revolutionary future networking architecture, information-centric networking (ICN) conducts network distribution based on content, which is ideally suitable for Internet of things (IoT). With the rapid growth of network traffic, compared to the conventional IoT, information-centric Internet of things (IC-IoT) is expected to provide users with the better satisfaction of the network quality of service (QoS). However, due to IC-IoT requirements of low latency, large data volume, marginalization, and intelligent processing, it urgently needs an efficient content distribution system. In this paper, we propose an edge learning based green content distribution scheme for IC-IoT. We implement intelligent path selection based on decision tree and edge calculation. Moreover, we apply distributed coding based content transmission to enhance the speed and recovery capability of content. Meanwhile, we have verified the effectiveness and performance of this scheme based on a large number of simulation experiments. The work of this paper is of great significance to improve the efficiency and flexibility of content distribution in IC-IoT.
Saadeh, Huda, Almobaideen, Wesam, Sabri, Khair Eddin, Saadeh, Maha.  2019.  Hybrid SDN-ICN Architecture Design for the Internet of Things. 2019 Sixth International Conference on Software Defined Systems (SDS). :96–101.
Internet of Things (IoT) impacts the current network with many challenges due to the variation, heterogeneity of its devices and running technologies. For those reasons, monitoring and controlling network efficiently can rise the performance of the network and adapts network techniques according to environment measurements. This paper proposes a new privacy aware-IoT architecture that combines the benefits of both Information Centric Network (ICN) and Software Defined Network (SDN) paradigms. In this architecture controlling functionalities are distributed over multiple planes: operational plane which is considered as smart ICN data plane with Controllers that control local clusters, tactical plane which is an Edge environment to take controlling decisions based on small number of clusters, and strategic plane which is a cloud controlling environment to make long-term decision that affects the whole network. Deployment options of this architecture is discussed and SDN enhancement due to in-network caching is evaluated.
Pahl, Marc-Oliver, Liebald, Stefan.  2019.  Information-Centric IoT Middleware Overlay: VSL. 2019 International Conference on Networked Systems (NetSys). :1–8.
The heart of the Internet of Things (IoT) is data. IoT services processes data from sensors that interface their physical surroundings, and from other software such as Internet weather databases. They produce data to control physical environments via actuators, and offer data to other services. More recently, service-centric designs for managing the IoT have been proposed. Data-centric or name-based communication architectures complement these developments very well. Especially for edge-based or site-local installations, data-centric Internet architectures can be implemented already today, as they do not require any changes at the core. We present the Virtual State Layer (VSL), a site-local data-centric architecture for the IoT. Special features of our solution are full separation of logic and data in IoT services, offering the data-centric VSL interface directly to developers, which significantly reduces the overall system complexity, explicit data modeling, a semantically-rich data item lookup, stream connections between services, and security-by-design. We evaluate our solution regarding usability, performance, scalability, resilience, energy efficiency, and security.
Mai, Hoang Long, Aouadj, Messaoud, Doyen, Guillaume, Mallouli, Wissam, de Oca, Edgardo Montes, Festor, Olivier.  2019.  Toward Content-Oriented Orchestration: SDN and NFV as Enabling Technologies for NDN. 2019 IFIP/IEEE Symposium on Integrated Network and Service Management (IM). :594–598.
Network Function Virtualization (NFV) is a novel paradigm which enables the deployment of network functions on commodity hardware. As such, it also stands for a deployment en-abler for any novel networking function or networking paradigm such as Named Data Networking (NDN), the most promising solution relying on the Information-Centric Networking (ICN) paradigm. However, dedicated solutions for the security and performance orchestration of such an emerging paradigm are still lacking thus preventing its adoption by network operators. In this paper, we propose a first step toward a content-oriented orchestration whose purpose is to deploy, manage and secure an NDN virtual network. We present the way we leverage the TOSCA standard, using a crafted NDN oriented extension to enable the specification of both deployment and operational behavior requirements of NDN services. We also highlight NDN-related security and performance policies to produce counter-measures against anomalies that can either come from attacks or performance incidents.
Liu, Yi, Dong, Mianxiong, Ota, Kaoru, Wu, Jun, Li, Jianhua, Chen, Hao.  2019.  SCTD: Smart Reasoning Based Content Threat Defense in Semantics Knowledge Enhanced ICN. ICC 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–6.
Information-centric networking (ICN) is a novel networking architecture with subscription-based naming mechanism and efficient caching, which has abundant semantic features. However, existing defense studies in ICN fails to isolate or block efficiently novel content threats including malicious penetration and semantic obfuscation for the lack of researches considering ICN semantic features. More importantly, to detect potential threats, existing security works in ICN fail to use semantic reasoning to construct security knowledge-based defense mechanism. Thus ICN needs a smart and content-based defense mechanism. Current works are not able to block content threats implicated in semantics. Additionally, based on traditional computing resources, they are incompatible with ICN protocols. In this paper, we propose smart reasoning based content threat defense for semantics knowledge enhanced ICN. A fog computing based defense mechanism with content semantic awareness is designed to build ICN edge defense system. In addition, smart reasoning algorithms is proposed to detect implicit knowledge and semantic relations in packet names and contents with context communication content and knowledge graph. On top of inference knowledge, the mechanism can perceive threats from ICN interests. Simulations demonstrate the validity and efficiency of the proposed mechanism.
Cui, Liqun, Dong, Mianxiong, Ota, Kaoru, Wu, Jun, Li, Jianhua, Wu, Yang.  2019.  NSTN: Name-Based Smart Tracking for Network Status in Information-Centric Internet of Things. ICC 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–6.
Internet of Things(IoT) is an important part of the new generation of information technology and an important stage of development in the era of informatization. As a next generation network, Information Centric Network (ICN) has been introduced into the IoT, leading to the content independence of IC-IoT. To manage the changing network conditions and diagnose the cause of anomalies within it, network operators must obtain and analyze network status information from monitoring tools. However, traditional network supervision method will not be applicable to IC-IoT centered on content rather than IP. Moreover, the surge in information volume will also bring about insufficient information distribution, and the data location in the traditional management information base is fixed and cannot be added or deleted. To overcome these problems, we propose a name-based smart tracking system to store network state information in the IC-IoT. Firstly, we design a new structure of management information base that records various network state information and changes its naming format. Secondly, we use a tracking method to obtain the required network status information. When the manager issues a status request, each data block has a defined data tracking table to record past requests, the location of the status data required can be located according to it. Thirdly, we put forward an adaptive network data location replacement strategy based on the importance of stored data blocks, so that the information with higher importance will be closer to the management center for more efficient acquisition. Simulation results indicate the feasibility of the proposed scheme.
Benmoussa, Ahmed, Tahari, Abdou el Karim, Lagaa, Nasreddine, Lakas, Abderrahmane, Ahmad, Farhan, Hussain, Rasheed, Kerrache, Chaker Abdelaziz, Kurugollu, Fatih.  2019.  A Novel Congestion-Aware Interest Flooding Attacks Detection Mechanism in Named Data Networking. 2019 28th International Conference on Computer Communication and Networks (ICCCN). :1–6.
Named Data Networking (NDN) is a promising candidate for future internet architecture. It is one of the implementations of the Information-Centric Networking (ICN) architectures where the focus is on the data rather than the owner of the data. While the data security is assured by definition, these networks are susceptible of various Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, mainly Interest Flooding Attacks (IFA). IFAs overwhelm an NDN router with a huge amount of interests (Data requests). Various solutions have been proposed in the literature to mitigate IFAs; however; these solutions do not make a difference between intentional and unintentional misbehavior due to the network congestion. In this paper, we propose a novel congestion-aware IFA detection and mitigation solution. We performed extensive simulations and the results clearly depict the efficiency of our proposal in detecting truly occurring IFA attacks.
Frey, Michael, Gündoğan, Cenk, Kietzmann, Peter, Lenders, Martine, Petersen, Hauke, Schmidt, Thomas C., Juraschek, Felix, Wählisch, Matthias.  2019.  Security for the Industrial IoT: The Case for Information-Centric Networking. 2019 IEEE 5th World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT). :424–429.

Industrial production plants traditionally include sensors for monitoring or documenting processes, and actuators for enabling corrective actions in cases of misconfigurations, failures, or dangerous events. With the advent of the IoT, embedded controllers link these `things' to local networks that often are of low power wireless kind, and are interconnected via gateways to some cloud from the global Internet. Inter-networked sensors and actuators in the industrial IoT form a critical subsystem while frequently operating under harsh conditions. It is currently under debate how to approach inter-networking of critical industrial components in a safe and secure manner.In this paper, we analyze the potentials of ICN for providing a secure and robust networking solution for constrained controllers in industrial safety systems. We showcase hazardous gas sensing in widespread industrial environments, such as refineries, and compare with IP-based approaches such as CoAP and MQTT. Our findings indicate that the content-centric security model, as well as enhanced DoS resistance are important arguments for deploying Information Centric Networking in a safety-critical industrial IoT. Evaluation of the crypto efforts on the RIOT operating system for content security reveal its feasibility for common deployment scenarios.

Xia, S., Li, N., Xiaofeng, T., Fang, C..  2018.  Multiple Attributes Based Spoofing Detection Using an Improved Clustering Algorithm in Mobile Edge Network. 2018 1st IEEE International Conference on Hot Information-Centric Networking (HotICN). :242–243.

Information centric network (ICN) based Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) network has drawn growing attentions in recent years. The distributed network architecture brings new security problems, especially the identity security problem. Because of the cloud platform deployed on the edge of the MEC network, multiple channel attributes can be easily obtained and processed. Thus this paper proposes a multiple channel attributes based spoofing detection mechanism. To further reduce the complexity, we also propose an improved clustering algorithm. The simulation results indicate that the proposed spoofing detection method can provide near-optimal performance with extremely low complexity.

Enguehard, Marcel, Droms, Ralph, Rossi, Dario.  2016.  SLICT: Secure Localized Information Centric Things. Proceedings of the 3rd ACM Conference on Information-Centric Networking. :255–260.

While the potential advantages of geographic forwarding in wireless sensor networks (WSN) have been demonstrated for a while now, research in applying Information Centric Networking (ICN) has only gained momentum in the last few years. In this paper, we bridge these two worlds by proposing an ICN-compliant and secure implementation of geographic forwarding for ICN. We implement as a proof of concept the Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing (GPSR) algorithm and compare its performance to that of vanilla ICN forwarding. We also evaluate the cost of security in 802.15.4 networks in terms of energy, memory and CPU footprint. We show that in sparse but large networks, GPSR outperforms vanilla ICN forwarding in both memory footprint and CPU consumption. However, GPSR is more energy intensive because of the cost of communications.