Visible to the public Biblio

Filters: Keyword is Smart Grid Sensors  [Clear All Filters]
An, Guowei, Han, Congzheng, Zhang, Fugui, Liu, Kun.  2022.  Research on Electromagnetic Energy Harvesting Technology for Smart Grid Application. 2022 Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (APEMC). :441—443.
The electromagnetic energy harvesting technology is a new and effective way to supply power to the condition monitoring sensors installed on or near the transmission line. We will use Computer Simulation Technology Software to simulate the different designs of stand-alone electromagnetic energy harvesters The power generated by energy harvesters of different design structures is compared and analyzed through simulation and experimental results. We then propose an improved design of energy harvester.
G, Emayashri, R, Harini, V, Abirami S, M, Benedict Tephila.  2022.  Electricity-Theft Detection in Smart Grids Using Wireless Sensor Networks. 2022 8th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS). 1:2033—2036.
Satisfying the growing demand for electricity is a huge challenge for electricity providers without a robust and good infrastructure. For effective electricity management, the infrastructure has to be strengthened from the generation stage to the transmission and distribution stages. In the current electrical infrastructure, the evolution of smart grids provides a significant solution to the problems that exist in the conventional system. Enhanced management visibility and better monitoring and control are achieved by the integration of wireless sensor network technology in communication systems. However, to implement these solutions in the existing grids, the infrastructural constraints impose a major challenge. Along with the choice of technology, it is also crucial to avoid exorbitant implementation costs. This paper presents a self-stabilizing hierarchical algorithm for the existing electrical network. Neighborhood Area Networks (NAN) and Home Area Networks (HAN) layers are used in the proposed architecture. The Home Node (HN), Simple Node (SN) and Cluster Head (CH) are the three types of nodes used in the model. Fraudulent users in the system are identified efficiently using the proposed model based on the observations made through simulation on OMNeT++ simulator.
Alkuwari, Ahmad N., Al-Kuwari, Saif, Qaraqe, Marwa.  2022.  Anomaly Detection in Smart Grids: A Survey From Cybersecurity Perspective. 2022 3rd International Conference on Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE). :1—7.
Smart grid is the next generation for power generation, consumption and distribution. However, with the introduction of smart communication in such sensitive components, major risks from cybersecurity perspective quickly emerged. This survey reviews and reports on the state-of-the-art techniques for detecting cyber attacks in smart grids, mainly through machine learning techniques.
Qian, Sen, Deng, Hui, Chen, Chuan, Huang, Hui, Liang, Yun, Guo, Jinghong, Hu, Zhengyong, Si, Wenrong, Wang, Hongkang, Li, Yunjia.  2022.  Design of a Nonintrusive Current Sensor with Large Dynamic Range Based on Tunneling Magnetoresistive Devices. 2022 IEEE 5th International Electrical and Energy Conference (CIEEC). :3405—3409.
Current sensors are widely used in power grid for power metering, automation and power equipment monitoring. Since the tradeoff between the sensitivity and the measurement range needs to be made to design a current sensor, it is difficult to deploy one sensor to measure both the small-magnitude and the large-magnitude current. In this research, we design a surface-mount current sensor by using the tunneling magneto-resistance (TMR) devices and show that the tradeoff between the sensitivity and the detection range can be broken. Two TMR devices of different sensitivity degrees were integrated into one current sensor module, and a signal processing algorithm was implemented to fusion the outputs of the two TMR devices. Then, a platform was setup to test the performance of the surface-mount current sensor. The results showed that the designed current sensor could measure the current from 2 mA to 100 A with an approximate 93 dB dynamic range. Besides, the nonintrusive feature of the surface-mount current sensor could make it convenient to be deployed on-site.
Cheng, Xi, Liang, Yafeng, Qiu, Jianhong, Zhao, XiaoLi, Ma, Lihong.  2022.  Risk Assessment Method of Microgrid System Based on Random Matrix Theory. 2022 IEEE 10th Joint International Information Technology and Artificial Intelligence Conference (ITAIC). 10:705—709.
In view of the problems that the existing power grid risk assessment mainly depends on the data fusion of decision-making level, which has strong subjectivity and less effective information, this paper proposes a risk assessment method of microgrid system based on random matrix theory. Firstly, the time series data of multiple sensors are constructed into a high-dimensional matrix according to the different parameter types and nodes; Then, based on random matrix theory and sliding time window processing, the average spectral radius sequence is calculated to characterize the state of microgrid system. Finally, an example is given to verify the effectiveness of the method.
Kumar, T. Ch. Anil, Dixit, Ganesh Kumar, Singh, Rajesh, Narukullapati, Bharath Kumar, Chakravarthi, M. Kalyan, Gangodkar, Durgaprasad.  2022.  Wireless Sensor Network using Control Communication and Monitoring of Smart Grid. 2022 2nd International Conference on Advance Computing and Innovative Technologies in Engineering (ICACITE). :1567—1570.
For some countries around the world, meeting demand is a serious concern. Power supply market is increasingly increasing, posing a big challenge for various countries throughout the world. The increasing expansion in the market for power needs upgrading system dependability to increase the smart grid's resilience. This smart electric grid has a sensor that analyses grid power availability and sends regular updates to the organisation. The internet is currently being utilized to monitor processes and place orders for running variables from faraway places. A large number of scanners have been used to activate electrical equipment for domestic robotics for a long period in the last several days. Conversely, if it is not correctly implemented, it will have a negative impact on cost-effectiveness as well as productivity. For something like a long time, home automation has relied on a large number of sensor nodes to control electrical equipment. Since there are so many detectors, this isn't cost-effective. In this article, develop and accept a wireless communication component and a management system suitable for managing independent efficient network units from voltage rises and voltage control technologies in simultaneous analyzing system reliability in this study. This research paper has considered secondary method to collect relevant and in-depth data related to the wireless sensor network and its usage in smart grid monitoring.
Núñez, Ivonne, Cano, Elia, Rovetto, Carlos, Ojo-Gonzalez, Karina, Smolarz, Andrzej, Saldana-Barrios, Juan Jose.  2022.  Key technologies applied to the optimization of smart grid systems based on the Internet of Things: A Review. 2022 V Congreso Internacional en Inteligencia Ambiental, Ingeniería de Software y Salud Electrónica y Móvil (AmITIC). :1—8.
This article describes an analysis of the key technologies currently applied to improve the quality, efficiency, safety and sustainability of Smart Grid systems and identifies the tools to optimize them and possible gaps in this area, considering the different energy sources, distributed generation, microgrids and energy consumption and production capacity. The research was conducted with a qualitative methodological approach, where the literature review was carried out with studies published from 2019 to 2022, in five (5) databases following the selection of studies recommended by the PRISMA guide. Of the five hundred and four (504) publications identified, ten (10) studies provided insight into the technological trends that are impacting this scenario, namely: Internet of Things, Big Data, Edge Computing, Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain. It is concluded that to obtain the best performance within Smart Grids, it is necessary to have the maximum synergy between these technologies, since this union will enable the application of advanced smart digital technology solutions to energy generation and distribution operations, thus allowing to conquer a new level of optimization.
Kumar, Santosh, Kumar, N M G, Geetha, B.T., Sangeetha, M., Chakravarthi, M. Kalyan, Tripathi, Vikas.  2022.  Cluster, Cloud, Grid Computing via Network Communication Using Control Communication and Monitoring of Smart Grid. 2022 2nd International Conference on Advance Computing and Innovative Technologies in Engineering (ICACITE). :1220—1224.
Traditional power consumption management systems are not showing enough reliability and thus, smart grid technology has been introduced to reduce the excess power wastages. In the context of smart grid systems, network communication is another term that is used for developing the network between the users and the load profiles. Cloud computing and clustering are also executed for efficient power management. Based on the facts, this research is going to identify wireless network communication systems to monitor and control smart grid power consumption. Primary survey-based research has been carried out with 62 individuals who worked in the smart grid system, tracked, monitored and controlled the power consumptions using WSN technology. The survey was conducted online where the respondents provided their opinions via a google survey form. The responses were collected and analyzed on Microsoft Excel. Results show that hybrid commuting of cloud and edge computing technology is more advantageous than individual computing. Respondents agreed that deep learning techniques will be more beneficial to analyze load profiles than machine learning techniques. Lastly, the study has explained the advantages and challenges of using smart grid network communication systems. Apart from the findings from primary research, secondary journal articles were also observed to emphasize the research findings.
Zhai, Di, Lu, Yang, Shi, Rui, Ji, Yuejie.  2022.  Large-Scale Micro-Power Sensors Access Scheme Based on Hybrid Mode in IoT Enabled Smart Grid. 2022 7th International Conference on Signal and Image Processing (ICSIP). :719—723.
In order to solve the problem of high data collision probability, high access delay and high-power consumption in random access process of power Internet of Things, an access scheme for large-scale micro-power wireless sensors based on slot-scheduling and hybrid mode is presented. This scheme divides time into different slots and designs a slot-scheduling algorithm according to network workload and power consumption. Sensors with different service priorities are arranged in different time slots for competitive access, using appropriate random-access mechanism. And rationally arrange the number of time slots and competing end-devices in different time slots. This scheme is able to meet the timeliness requirements of different services and reduce the overall network power consumption when dealing with random access scenarios of large-scale micro-power wireless sensor network. Based on the simulation results of actual scenarios, this access scheme can effectively reduce the overall power consumption of the network, and the high priority services can meet the timeliness requirements on the premise of lower power consumption, while the low priority services can further reduce power consumption.
Pradyumna, Achhi, Kuthadi, Sai Madhav, Kumar, A. Ananda, Karuppiah, N..  2022.  IoT Based Smart Grid Communication with Transmission Line Fault Identification. 2022 International Conference on Intelligent Controller and Computing for Smart Power (ICICCSP). :1—5.
The electrical grid connects all the generating stations to supply uninterruptible power to the consumers. With the advent of technology, smart sensors and communication are integrated with the existing grid to behave like a smart system. This smart grid is a two-way communication that connects the consumers and producers. It is a connected smart network that integrates electricity generation, transmission, substation, distribution, etc. In this smart grid, clean, reliable power with a high-efficiency rate of transmission is available. In this paper, a highly efficient smart management system of a smart grid with overall protection is proposed. This management system checks and monitors the parameters periodically. This future technology also develops a smart transformer with ac and dc compatibility, for self-protection and for the healing process.
Danilczyk, William, Sun, Yan Lindsay, He, Haibo.  2021.  Smart Grid Anomaly Detection using a Deep Learning Digital Twin. 2020 52nd North American Power Symposium (NAPS). :1—6.

The power grid is considered to be the most critical piece of infrastructure in the United States because each of the other fifteen critical infrastructures, as defined by the Cyberse-curity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), require the energy sector to properly function. Due the critical nature of the power grid, the ability to detect anomalies in the power grid is of critical importance to prevent power outages, avoid damage to sensitive equipment and to maintain a working power grid. Over the past few decades, the modern power grid has evolved into a large Cyber Physical System (CPS) equipped with wide area monitoring systems (WAMS) and distributed control. As smart technology advances, the power grid continues to be upgraded with high fidelity sensors and measurement devices, such as phasor measurement units (PMUs), that can report the state of the system with a high temporal resolution. However, this influx of data can often become overwhelming to the legacy Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system, as well as, the power system operator. In this paper, we propose using a deep learning (DL) convolutional neural network (CNN) as a module within the Automatic Network Guardian for ELectrical systems (ANGEL) Digital Twin environment to detect physical faults in a power system. The presented approach uses high fidelity measurement data from the IEEE 9-bus and IEEE 39-bus benchmark power systems to not only detect if there is a fault in the power system but also applies the algorithm to classify which bus contains the fault.

Roy, Sohini, Sen, Arunabha.  2021.  Identification and Mitigation of False Data Injection using Multi State Implicative Interdependency Model (MSIIM) for Smart Grid. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC Workshops). :1—6.

Smart grid monitoring, automation and control will completely rely on PMU based sensor data soon. Accordingly, a high throughput, low latency Information and Communication Technology (ICT) infrastructure should be opted in this regard. Due to the low cost, low power profile, dynamic nature, improved accuracy and scalability, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can be a good choice. Yet, the efficiency of a WSN depends a lot on the network design and the routing technique. In this paper a new design of the ICT network for smart grid using WSN is proposed. In order to understand the interactions between different entities, detect their operational levels, design the routing scheme and identify false data injection by particular ICT entities, a new model of interdependency called the Multi State Implicative Interdependency Model (MSIIM) is proposed in this paper, which is an updated version of the Modified Implicative Interdependency Model (MIIM) [1]. MSIIM considers the data dependency and operational accuracy of entities together with structural and functional dependencies between them. A multi-path secure routing technique is also proposed in this paper which relies on the MSIIM model for its functioning. Simulation results prove that MSIIM based False Data Injection (FDI) detection and mitigation works better and faster than existing methods.

Wenlong, Wang, Jianquan, Liang.  2021.  Research on Node Anomaly Detection Method in Smart Grid by Beta Distribution Theory. 2021 IEEE Conference on Telecommunications, Optics and Computer Science (TOCS). :755—758.
As the extensive use of the wireless sensor networks in Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) of Smart Grid, the network security of AMI becomes more important. Thus, an optimization of trust management mechanism of Beta distribution theory is put forward in this article. First of all, a self-adaption method of trust features sampling is proposed, that adjusts acquisition frequency according to fluctuation of trust attribute collected, which makes the consumption of network resource minimum under the precondition of ensuring accuracy of trust value; Then, the collected trust attribute is judged based on the Mahalanobis distance; Finally, calculate the nodes’ trust value by the optimization of the Beta distribution theory. As the simulation shows, the trust management scheme proposed is suited to WSNs in AMI, and able to reflect the trust value of nodes in a variety of circumstances change better.
Jena, Prasanta Kumar, Ghosh, Subhojit, Koley, Ebha.  2021.  An Optimal PMU Placement Scheme for Detection of Malicious Attacks in Smart Grid. 2021 4th Biennial International Conference on Nascent Technologies in Engineering (ICNTE). :1—6.

State estimation is the core operation performed within the energy management system (EMS) of smart grid. Hence, the reliability and integrity of a smart grid relies heavily on the performance of sensor measurement dependent state estimation process. The increasing penetration of cyber control into the smart grid operations has raised severe concern for executing a secured state estimation process. The limitation with regard to monitoring large number of sensors allows an intruder to manipulate sensor information, as one of the soft targets for disrupting power system operations. Phasor measurement unit (PMU) can be adopted as an alternative to immunize the state estimation from corrupted conventional sensor measurements. However, the high installation cost of PMUs restricts its installation throughout the network. In this paper a graphical approach is proposed to identify minimum PMU placement locations, so as to detect any intrusion of malicious activity within the smart grid. The high speed synchronized PMU information ensures processing of secured set of sensor measurements to the control center. The results of PMU information based linear state estimation is compared with the conventional non-linear state estimation to detect any attack within the system. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme has been validated on IEEE 14 bus test system.

Xing, Ningzhe, Wu, Peng, Jin, Shen, Yao, Jiming, Xu, Zhichen.  2021.  Task Classification Unloading Algorithm For Mobile Edge Computing in Smart Grid. 2021 IEEE 5th Advanced Information Technology, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (IAEAC). 5:1636—1640.
With the rapid development of smart grid, the data generated by grid services are growing rapidly, and the requirements for time delay are becoming more and more stringent. The storage and computing capacity of the existing terminal equipment can not meet the needs of high bandwidth and low delay of the system at the same time. Fortunately, mobile edge computing (MEC) can provide users with nearby storage and computing services at the network edge, this can give an option to simultaneously meet the requirement of high bandwidth and low delay. Aiming at the problem of service offload scheduling in edge computing, this paper proposes a delay optimized task offload algorithm based on task priority classification. Firstly, the priority of power grid services is divided by using analytic hierarchy process (AHP), and the processing efficiency and quality of service of emergency tasks are guaranteed by giving higher weight coefficients to delay constraints and security levels. Secondly, the service is initialized and unloaded according to the task preprocessing time. Finally, the reasonable subchannel allocation is carried out based on the task priority design decision method. Simulation results show that compared with the traditional approaches, our algorithm can effectively improve the overall system revenue and reduce the average user task delay.
Karimi, A., Ahmadi, A., Shahbazi, Z., Shafiee, Q., Bevrani, H..  2021.  A Resilient Control Method Against False Data Injection Attack in DC Microgrids. 2021 7th International Conference on Control, Instrumentation and Automation (ICCIA). :1—6.

The expression of cyber-attacks on communication links in smart grids has emerged recently. In microgrids, cooperation between agents through communication links is required, thus, microgrids can be considered as cyber-physical-systems and they are vulnerable to cyber-attack threats. Cyber-attacks can cause damages in control systems, therefore, the resilient control methods are necessary. In this paper, a resilient control approach against false data injection attack is proposed for secondary control of DC microgrids. In the proposed framework, a PI controller with an adjustable gain is utilized to eliminate the injected false data. The proposed control method is employed for both sensor and link attacks. Convergence analysis of the measurement sensors and the secondary control objectives under the studied control method is performed. Finally, a DC microgrid with four units is built in Matlab/Simulink environment to verify the proposed approach.

Kayalvizhy, V., Banumathi, A..  2021.  A Survey on Cyber Security Attacks and Countermeasures in Smart Grid Metering Network. 2021 5th International Conference on Computing Methodologies and Communication (ICCMC). :160—165.
Smart grid (SG) network is one of the recently improved networks of tangled entities, objects, and smart metering infrastructure (SMI). It plays a vital part in sensing, acquiring, observing, aggregating, controlling, and dealing with various kinds of fields in SG. The SMI or advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) is proposed to make available a real-time transmissions connection among users and services are Time of use (TOU), Real time pricing (RTP), Critical Peak Pricing (CPP). In adding to, additional benefit of SMs is which are capable to report back to the service control center in near real time nontechnical losses (for instance, tampering with meters, bypassing meters, and illicit tapping into distribution systems). SMI supports two-way transmission meters reading electrical utilization at superior frequency. This data is treated in real time and signals send to manage demand. This paper expresses a transitory impression of cyberattack instances in customary energy networks and SMI. This paper presents cyber security attacks and countermeasures in Smart Grid Metering Network (SGMN). Based on the existing survey threat models, a number of proposed ways have been planned to deal with all threats in the formulation of the secrecy and privacy necessities of SG measurement network.
Shukla, Saurabh, Thakur, Subhasis, Breslin, John G..  2021.  Secure Communication in Smart Meters using Elliptic Curve Cryptography and Digital Signature Algorithm. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Resilience (CSR). :261—266.
With the advancement in the growth of Internet-of-Things (IoT), its number of applications has also increased such as in healthcare, smart cities, vehicles, industries, household appliances, and Smart Grids (SG). One of the major applications of IoT is the SG and smart meter which consists of a large number of internet-connected sensors and can communicate bi-directionally in real-time. The SG network involves smart meters, data collectors, generators, and sensors connected with the internet. SG networks involve the generation, distribution, transmission, and consumption of electrical power supplies. It consists of Household Area Network (HAN), and Neighborhood Area Network (NAN) for communication. Smart meters can communicate bidirectionally with consumers and provide real-time information to utility offices. But this communication channel is a wide-open network for data transmission. Therefore, it makes the SG network and smart meter vulnerable to outside hacker and various Cyber-Physical System (CPS) attacks such as False Data Injection (FDI), inserting malicious data, erroneous data, manipulating the sensor reading values. Here cryptography techniques can play a major role along with the private blockchain model for secure data transmission in smart meters. Hence, to overcome these existing issues and challenges in smart meter communication we have proposed a blockchain-based system model for secure communication along with a novel Advanced Elliptic Curve Cryptography Digital Signature (AECCDS) algorithm in Fog Computing (FC) environment. Here FC nodes will work as miners at the edge of smart meters for secure and real-time communication. The algorithm is implemented using iFogSim, Geth version 1.9.25, Ganache, Truffle for compiling smart contracts, Anaconda (Python editor), and ATOM as language editor for the smart contracts.
Feng, Weiqiang.  2021.  A Lightweight Anonymous Authentication Protocol For Smart Grid. 2021 13th International Conference on Intelligent Human-Machine Systems and Cybernetics (IHMSC). :87—90.
Recently, A. A. Khan et al proposed a lightweight authentication and key agreement framework for the next generation of smart grids. The framework uses third party authentication server and ECC algorithm, which has certain advantages in anonymity, secure communication and computational performance. However, this paper finds that this method cannot meet the requirements of semantic security through analysis. Therefore, we propose an improved scheme on this basis. And through the method of formal proof, we verify that the scheme can meet the requirement of semantic security and anonymity of smart grid.
Wang, Zhiwen, Hu, Jiqiang, Sun, Hongtao.  2020.  False Data Injection Attacks in Smart Grid Using Gaussian Mixture Model. 2020 16th International Conference on Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision (ICARCV). :830–837.
The application of network technology and high-tech equipment in power systems has increased the degree of grid intelligence, and malicious attacks on smart grids have also increased year by year. The wrong data injection attack launched by the attacker will destroy the integrity of the data by changing the data of the sensor and controller, which will lead to the wrong decision of the control system and even paralyze the power transmission network. This paper uses the measured values of smart grid sensors as samples, analyzes the attack vectors maliciously injected by attackers and the statistical characteristics of system data, and proposes a false data injection attack detection strategy. It is considered that the measured values of sensors have spatial distribution characteristics, the Gaussian mixture model of grid node feature vectors is obtained by training sample values, the test measurement values are input into the Gaussian mixture model, and the knowledge of clustering is used to detect whether the power grid is malicious data attacks. The power supplies of IEEE-18 and IEEE-30 simulation systems was tested, and the influence of the system statistical measurement characteristics on the detection accuracy was analyzed. The results show that the proposed strategy has better detection performance than the support vector machine method.
Martovytskyi, Vitalii, Ruban, Igor, Lahutin, Hennadiy, Ilina, Irina, Rykun, Volodymyr, Diachenko, Vladyslav.  2020.  Method of Detecting FDI Attacks on Smart Grid. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Problems of Infocommunications. Science and Technology (PIC S T). :132–136.
Nowadays energy systems in many countries improve and develop being based on the concept of deep integration of energy as well as infocomm grids. Thus, energy grids find the possibility to analyze the state of the whole system in real time, to predict the processes in it, to have interactive cooperation with the clients and to run the appliance. Such concept has been named Smart Grid. This work highlights the concept of Smart Grid, possible vectors of attacks and identification of attack of false data injection (FDI) into the flow of measuring received from the sensors. Identification is based on the use of spatial and temporal correlations in Smart Grids.
Anwar, Adnan, Abir, S. M. Abu Adnan.  2020.  Measurement Unit Placement Against Injection Attacks for the Secured Operation of an IIoT-Based Smart Grid. 2020 IEEE 19th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom). :767–774.
Carefully constructed cyber-attacks directly influence the data integrity and the operational functionality of the smart energy grid. In this paper, we have explored the data integrity attack behaviour in a wide-area sensor-enabled IIoT-SCADA system. We have demonstrated that an intelligent cyber-attacker can inject false information through the sensor devices that may remain stealthy in the traditional detection module and corrupt estimated system states at the utility control centres. Next, to protect the operation, we defined a set of critical measurements that need to be protected for the resilient operation of the grid. Finally, we placed the measurement units using an optimal allocation strategy by ensuring that a limited number of nodes are protected against the attack while the system observability is satisfied. Under such scenarios, a wide range of experiments has been conducted to evaluate the performance considering IEEE 14-bus, 24 bus-reliability test system, 85-bus, 141-bus and 145-bus test systems. Results show that by ensuring the protection of around 25% of the total nodes, the IIoT-SCADA enabled energy grid can be protected against injection attacks while observability of the network is well-maintained.
Gai, Na, Xue, Kaiping, He, Peixuan, Zhu, Bin, Liu, Jianqing, He, Debiao.  2020.  An Efficient Data Aggregation Scheme with Local Differential Privacy in Smart Grid. 2020 16th International Conference on Mobility, Sensing and Networking (MSN). :73–80.
Smart grid achieves reliable, efficient and flexible grid data processing by integrating traditional power grid with information and communication technology. The control center can evaluate the supply and demand of the power grid through aggregated data of users, and then dynamically adjust the power supply, price of the power, etc. However, since the grid data collected from users may disclose the user's electricity using habits and daily activities, the privacy concern has become a critical issue. Most of the existing privacy-preserving data collection schemes for smart grid adopt homomorphic encryption or randomization techniques which are either impractical because of the high computation overhead or unrealistic for requiring the trusted third party. In this paper, we propose a privacy-preserving smart grid data aggregation scheme satisfying local differential privacy (LDP) based on randomized response. Our scheme can achieve efficient and practical estimation of the statistics of power supply and demand while preserving any individual participant's privacy. The performance analysis shows that our scheme is efficient in terms of computation and communication overhead.
Piatkowska, Ewa, Gavriluta, Catalin, Smith, Paul, Andrén, Filip Pröstl.  2020.  Online Reasoning about the Root Causes of Software Rollout Failures in the Smart Grid. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications, Control, and Computing Technologies for Smart Grids (SmartGridComm). :1–7.
An essential ingredient of the smart grid is software-based services. Increasingly, software is used to support control strategies and services that are critical to the grid's operation. Therefore, its correct operation is essential. For various reasons, software and its configuration needs to be updated. This update process represents a significant overhead for smart grid operators and failures can result in financial losses and grid instabilities. In this paper, we present a framework for determining the root causes of software rollout failures in the smart grid. It uses distributed sensors that indicate potential issues, such as anomalous grid states and cyber-attacks, and a causal inference engine based on a formalism called evidential networks. The aim of the framework is to support an adaptive approach to software rollouts, ensuring that a campaign completes in a timely and secure manner. The framework is evaluated for a software rollout use-case in a low voltage distribution grid. Experimental results indicate it can successfully discriminate between different root causes of failure, supporting an adaptive rollout strategy.
Gupta, Praveen Kumar, Singh, Neeraj Kumar, Mahajan, Vasundhara.  2020.  Monitoring of Cyber Intrusion in Wireless Smart Grid Network Using Weight Reduction Technique. 2020 International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ICE3). :136–139.
The dependency of the smart grid is higher in terms of Wireless Sensors (WS) for flexible monitoring and control. Sensor nodes are required to sense, collect and process the real-time data and transfer it to the monitoring stations. Mostly, it is deployed in extremely rural areas where human access is limited making it vulnerable to cyber intrusion. In this paper, an easy, efficient and low memory usage program is proposed to detect False Data Injection Cyber Attack (FDICA) in very little time to protect the smart grid network. Each bus of the IEEE test system is represented by a connected graph node having a weight equal to 1. During FDICA the weight of the node changes and triggers the alarm if the change is below the predefined threshold value. MATLAB software is used to evaluate the performance of the proposed method under different conditions. Simulation results indicate that the proposed method detects the FDICA in minimal time increasing the resilience capability of the smart grid.