# Biblio

Inference of unknown opinions with uncertain, adversarial (e.g., incorrect or conflicting) evidence in large datasets is not a trivial task. Without proper handling, it can easily mislead decision making in data mining tasks. In this work, we propose a highly scalable opinion inference probabilistic model, namely Adversarial Collective Opinion Inference (Adv-COI), which provides a solution to infer unknown opinions with high scalability and robustness under the presence of uncertain, adversarial evidence by enhancing Collective Subjective Logic (CSL) which is developed by combining SL and Probabilistic Soft Logic (PSL). The key idea behind the Adv-COI is to learn a model of robust ways against uncertain, adversarial evidence which is formulated as a min-max problem. We validate the out-performance of the Adv-COI compared to baseline models and its competitive counterparts under possible adversarial attacks on the logic-rule based structured data and white and black box adversarial attacks under both clean and perturbed semi-synthetic and real-world datasets in three real world applications. The results show that the Adv-COI generates the lowest mean absolute error in the expected truth probability while producing the lowest running time among all.

Covert or low probability of detection communication is crucial to protect user privacy and provide a strong security. We analyze the joint impact of imperfect knowledge of the channel gain (channel uncertainty) and noise power (noise uncertainty) on the average probability of detection error at the eavesdropper and the covert throughput in Rayleigh fading channel. We characterize the covert throughput gain provided by the channel uncertainty as well as the covert throughput loss caused by the channel fading as a function of the noise uncertainty. Our result shows that the channel fading is essential to hiding the signal transmission, particularly when the noise uncertainty is below a threshold and/or the receive SNR is above a threshold. The impact of the channel uncertainty on the average probability of detection error and covert throughput is more significant when the noise uncertainty is larger.

A new approach of a formalism of hybrid automatons has been proposed for the analysis of conflict processes between the information system and the information's security malefactor. An example of probability-based assessment on malefactor's victory has been given and the possibility to abstract from a specific type of probability density function for the residence time of parties to the conflict in their possible states. A model of the distribution of destructive informational influences in the information system to connect the process of spread of destructive information processes and the process of changing subjects' states of the information system has been proposed. An example of the destructive information processes spread analysis has been given.

Indoor localization of unknown acoustic events with MEMS microphone arrays have a huge potential in applications like home assisted living and surveillance. This article presents an Angle of Arrival (AoA) fingerprinting method for use in Wireless Acoustic Sensor Networks (WASNs) with low-profile microphone arrays. In a first research phase, acoustic measurements are performed in an anechoic room to evaluate two computationally efficient time domain delay-based AoA algorithms: one based on dot product calculations and another based on dot products with a PHAse Transform (PHAT). The evaluation of the algorithms is conducted with two sound events: white noise and a female voice. The algorithms are able to calculate the AoA with Root Mean Square Errors (RMSEs) of 3.5° for white noise and 9.8° to 16° for female vocal sounds. In the second research phase, an AoA fingerprinting algorithm is developed for acoustic event localization. The proposed solution is experimentally verified in a room of 4.25 m by 9.20 m with 4 acoustic sensor nodes. Acoustic fingerprints of white noise, recorded along a predefined grid in the room, are used to localize white noise and vocal sounds. The localization errors are evaluated using one node at a time, resulting in mean localization errors between 0.65 m and 0.98 m for white noise and between 1.18 m and 1.52 m for vocal sounds.

In this paper, we investigate the Bayesian filtering problem for discrete nonlinear dynamical systems which contain random parameters. An augmented cubature Kalman filter (CKF) is developed to deal with the random parameters, where the state vector is enlarged by incorporating the random parameters. The corresponding number of cubature points is increased, so the augmented CKF method requires more computational complexity. However, the estimation accuracy is improved in comparison with that of the classical CKF method which uses the nominal values of the random parameters. An application to the mobile source localization with time difference of arrival (TDOA) measurements and random sensor positions is provided where the simulation results illustrate that the augmented CKF method leads to a superior performance in comparison with the classical CKF method.

This paper investigates closed-form expressions to evaluate the performance of the Compressive Sensing (CS) based Energy Detector (ED). The conventional way to approximate the probability density function of the ED test statistic invokes the central limit theorem and considers the decision variable as Gaussian. This approach, however, provides good approximation only if the number of samples is large enough. This is not usually the case in CS framework, where the goal is to keep the sample size low. Moreover, working with a reduced number of measurements is of practical interest for general spectrum sensing in cognitive radio applications, where the sensing time should be sufficiently short since any time spent for sensing cannot be used for data transmission on the detected idle channels. In this paper, we make use of low-complexity approximations based on algebraic transformations of the one-dimensional Gaussian Q-function. More precisely, this paper provides new closed-form expressions for accurate evaluation of the CS-based ED performance as a function of the compressive ratio and the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). Simulation results demonstrate the increased accuracy of the proposed equations compared to existing works.

This paper proposes a cooperative continuous ant colony optimization (CCACO) algorithm and applies it to address the accuracy-oriented fuzzy systems (FSs) design problems. All of the free parameters in a zero- or first-order Takagi-Sugeno-Kang (TSK) FS are optimized through CCACO. The CCACO algorithm performs optimization through multiple ant colonies, where each ant colony is only responsible for optimizing the free parameters in a single fuzzy rule. The ant colonies cooperate to design a complete FS, with a complete parameter solution vector (encoding a complete FS) that is formed by selecting a subsolution component (encoding a single fuzzy rule) from each colony. Subsolutions in each ant colony are evolved independently using a new continuous ant colony optimization algorithm. In the CCACO, solutions are updated via the techniques of pheromone-based tournament ant path selection, ant wandering operation, and best-ant-attraction refinement. The performance of the CCACO is verified through applications to fuzzy controller and predictor design problems. Comparisons with other population-based optimization algorithms verify the superiority of the CCACO.