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2020-09-21
Razin, Yosef, Feigh, Karen.  2019.  Toward Interactional Trust for Humans and Automation: Extending Interdependence. 2019 IEEE SmartWorld, Ubiquitous Intelligence Computing, Advanced Trusted Computing, Scalable Computing Communications, Cloud Big Data Computing, Internet of People and Smart City Innovation (SmartWorld/SCALCOM/UIC/ATC/CBDCom/IOP/SCI). :1348–1355.
Trust in human-automation interaction is increasingly imperative as AI and robots become ubiquitous at home, school, and work. Interdependence theory allows for the identification of one-on-one interactions that require trust by analyzing the structure of the potential outcomes. This paper synthesizes multiple, formerly disparate research approaches by extending Interdependence theory to create a unified framework for outcome-based trust in human-automation interaction. This framework quantitatively contextualizes validated empirical results from social psychology on relationship formation, stability, and betrayal. It also contributes insights into trust-related concepts, such as power and commitment, which help further our understanding of trustworthy system design. This new integrated interactional approach reveals how trust and trustworthiness machines from merely reliable tools to trusted teammates working hand-in-actuator toward an automated future.
2020-09-14
Lochbihler, Andreas, Sefidgar, S. Reza, Basin, David, Maurer, Ueli.  2019.  Formalizing Constructive Cryptography using CryptHOL. 2019 IEEE 32nd Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF). :152–15214.
Computer-aided cryptography increases the rigour of cryptographic proofs by mechanizing their verification. Existing tools focus mainly on game-based proofs, and efforts to formalize composable frameworks such as Universal Composability have met with limited success. In this paper, we formalize an instance of Constructive Cryptography, a generic theory allowing for clean, composable cryptographic security statements. Namely, we extend CryptHOL, a framework for game-based proofs, with an abstract model of Random Systems and provide proof rules for their equality and composition. We formalize security as a special kind of system construction in which a complex system is built from simpler ones. As a simple case study, we formalize the construction of an information-theoretically secure channel from a key, a random function, and an insecure channel.
2020-09-11
ALEKSIEVA, Yulia, VALCHANOV, Hristo, ALEKSIEVA, Veneta.  2019.  An approach for host based botnet detection system. 2019 16th Conference on Electrical Machines, Drives and Power Systems (ELMA). :1—4.
Most serious occurrence of modern malware is Botnet. Botnet is a rapidly evolving problem that is still not well understood and studied. One of the main goals for modern network security is to create adequate techniques for the detection and eventual termination of Botnet threats. The article presents an approach for implementing a host-based Intrusion Detection System for Botnet attack detection. The approach is based on a variation of a genetic algorithm to detect anomalies in a case of attacks. An implementation of the approach and experimental results are presented.
2020-09-04
Merhav, Neri, Cohen, Asaf.  2019.  Universal Randomized Guessing with Application to Asynchronous Decentralized Brute—Force Attacks. 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT). :485—489.
Consider the problem of guessing a random vector X by submitting queries (guesses) of the form "Is X equal to x?" until an affirmative answer is obtained. A key figure of merit is the number of queries required until the right vector is guessed, termed the guesswork. The goal is to devise a guessing strategy which minimizes a certain guesswork moment. We study a universal, decentralized scenario where the guesser does not know the distribution of X, and is not allowed to prepare a list of words to be guessed in advance, or to remember its past guesses. Such a scenario is useful, for example, if bots within a Botnet carry out a brute-force attack to guess a password or decrypt a message, yet cannot coordinate the guesses or even know how many bots actually participate in the attack. We devise universal decentralized guessing strategies, first, for memoryless sources, and then generalize them to finite-state sources. For both, we derive the guessing exponent and prove its asymptotic optimality by deriving a matching converse. The strategies are based on randomized guessing using a universal distribution. We also extend the results to guessing with side information (SI). Finally, we design simple algorithms for sampling from the universal distributions.
Gurjar, Devyani, Kumbhar, Satish S..  2019.  File I/O Performance Analysis of ZFS BTRFS over iSCSI on a Storage Pool of Flash Drives. 2019 International Conference on Communication and Electronics Systems (ICCES). :484—487.
The demand of highly functioning storage systems has led to the evolution of the filesystems which are capable of successfully and effectively carrying out the data management, configures the new storage hardware, proper backup and recovery as well. The research paper aims to find out which file system can serve better in backup storage (e.g. NAS storage) and compute-intensive systems (e.g. database consolidation in cloud computing). We compare such two most potential opensource filesystem ZFS and BTRFS based on their file I/O performance on a storage pool of flash drives, which are made available over iSCSI (internet) for different record sizes. This paper found that ZFS performed better than BTRFS in this arrangement.
2020-08-28
Bucur, Cristian, Babulak, Eduard.  2019.  Security validation testing environment in the cloud. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data). :4240—4247.
Researchers are trying to find new ways of finding and pointing out Cybersecurity vulnerabilities by using innovative metrics. New theoretical proposals need to be tested in a real environment, using Cybersecurity tools applications that can validate the applicability of those in real life. This paper presents an experimental flexible environment, which can be used for the validation of several theoretical claims based on an “easy to use” architecture implemented in a cloud environment. The framework provides a much shorter time setup in the real world as well as a much better understanding based on log analysis provided by MS Azure. As a proof of concept, we have tested three different claims and provided proves of results such as screenshots and log samples.
Traylor, Terry, Straub, Jeremy, Gurmeet, Snell, Nicholas.  2019.  Classifying Fake News Articles Using Natural Language Processing to Identify In-Article Attribution as a Supervised Learning Estimator. 2019 IEEE 13th International Conference on Semantic Computing (ICSC). :445—449.

Intentionally deceptive content presented under the guise of legitimate journalism is a worldwide information accuracy and integrity problem that affects opinion forming, decision making, and voting patterns. Most so-called `fake news' is initially distributed over social media conduits like Facebook and Twitter and later finds its way onto mainstream media platforms such as traditional television and radio news. The fake news stories that are initially seeded over social media platforms share key linguistic characteristics such as making excessive use of unsubstantiated hyperbole and non-attributed quoted content. In this paper, the results of a fake news identification study that documents the performance of a fake news classifier are presented. The Textblob, Natural Language, and SciPy Toolkits were used to develop a novel fake news detector that uses quoted attribution in a Bayesian machine learning system as a key feature to estimate the likelihood that a news article is fake. The resultant process precision is 63.333% effective at assessing the likelihood that an article with quotes is fake. This process is called influence mining and this novel technique is presented as a method that can be used to enable fake news and even propaganda detection. In this paper, the research process, technical analysis, technical linguistics work, and classifier performance and results are presented. The paper concludes with a discussion of how the current system will evolve into an influence mining system.

2020-08-24
Fargo, Farah, Franza, Olivier, Tunc, Cihan, Hariri, Salim.  2019.  Autonomic Resource Management for Power, Performance, and Security in Cloud Environment. 2019 IEEE/ACS 16th International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications (AICCSA). :1–4.
High performance computing is widely used for large-scale simulations, designs and analysis of critical problems especially through the use of cloud computing systems nowadays because cloud computing provides ubiquitous, on-demand computing capabilities with large variety of hardware configurations including GPUs and FPGAs that are highly used for high performance computing. However, it is well known that inefficient management of such systems results in excessive power consumption affecting the budget, cooling challenges, as well as reducing reliability due to the overheating and hotspots. Furthermore, considering the latest trends in the attack scenarios and crypto-currency based intrusions, security has become a major problem for high performance computing. Therefore, to address both challenges, in this paper we present an autonomic management methodology for both security and power/performance. Our proposed approach first builds knowledge of the environment in terms of power consumption and the security tools' deployment. Next, it provisions virtual resources so that the power consumption can be reduced while maintaining the required performance and deploy the security tools based on the system behavior. Using this approach, we can utilize a wide range of secure resources efficiently in HPC system, cloud computing systems, servers, embedded systems, etc.
Gohil, Nikhil N., Vemuri, Ranga R..  2019.  Automated Synthesis of Differential Power Attack Resistant Integrated Circuits. 2019 IEEE National Aerospace and Electronics Conference (NAECON). :204–211.
Differential Power Analysis (DPA) attacks were shown to be effective in recovering the secret key information from a variety cryptographic systems. In response, several design methods, ranging from the cell level to the algorithmic level, have been proposed to defend against DPA attacks. Cell level solutions depend on DPA resistant cell designs which attempt to minimize power variance during transitions while minimizing area and power consumption. In this paper, we discuss how a differential circuit design style is incorporated into a COTS tool set, resulting in a fully automated synthesis system DPA resistant integrated circuits. Based on the Secure Differential Multiplexer Logic (SDMLp), this system can be used to synthesize complete cryptographic processors which provide strong defense against DPA while minimizing area and power overhead. We discuss how both combinational and sequential cells are incorporated in the cell library. We show the effectiveness of the tool chain by using it to automatically synthesize the layouts, from RT level Verilog specifications, of both the DES and AES encryption ICs in 90nm CMOS. In each case, we present experimental data to demonstrate DPA attack resistance and area, power and performance overhead and compare these with circuits synthesized in another differential logic called MDPL as well as standard CMOS synthesis results.
Quinn, Ren, Holguin, Nico, Poster, Ben, Roach, Corey, Merwe, Jacobus Kobus Van der.  2019.  WASPP: Workflow Automation for Security Policy Procedures. 2019 15th International Conference on Network and Service Management (CNSM). :1–5.
Every day, university networks are bombarded with attempts to steal the sensitive data of the various disparate domains and organizations they serve. For this reason, universities form teams of information security specialists called a Security Operations Center (SOC) to manage the complex operations involved in monitoring and mitigating such attacks. When a suspicious event is identified, members of the SOC are tasked to understand the nature of the event in order to respond to any damage the attack might have caused. This process is defined by administrative policies which are often very high-level and rarely systematically defined. This impedes the implementation of generalized and automated event response solutions, leading to specific ad hoc solutions based primarily on human intuition and experience as well as immediate administrative priorities. These solutions are often fragile, highly specific, and more difficult to reuse in other scenarios.
Renners, Leonard, Heine, Felix, Kleiner, Carsten, Rodosek, Gabi Dreo.  2019.  Adaptive and Intelligible Prioritization for Network Security Incidents. 2019 International Conference on Cyber Security and Protection of Digital Services (Cyber Security). :1–8.
Incident prioritization is nowadays a part of many approaches and tools for network security and risk management. However, the dynamic nature of the problem domain is often unaccounted for. That is, the prioritization is typically based on a set of static calculations, which are rarely adjusted. As a result, incidents are incorrectly prioritized, leading to an increased and misplaced effort in the incident response. A higher degree of automation could help to address this problem. In this paper, we explicitly consider flaws in the prioritization an unalterable circumstance. We propose an adaptive incident prioritization, which allows to automate certain tasks for the prioritization model management in order to continuously assess and improve a prioritization model. At the same time, we acknowledge the human analyst as the focal point and propose to keep the human in the loop, among others by treating understandability as a crucial requirement.
2020-08-17
Musa, Tanvirali, Yeo, Kheng Cher, Azam, Sami, Shanmugam, Bharanidharan, Karim, Asif, Boer, Friso De, Nur, Fernaz Narin, Faisal, Fahad.  2019.  Analysis of Complex Networks for Security Issues using Attack Graph. 2019 International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI). :1–6.
Organizations perform security analysis for assessing network health and safe-guarding their growing networks through Vulnerability Assessments (AKA VA Scans). The output of VA scans is reports on individual hosts and its vulnerabilities, which, are of little use as the origin of the attack can't be located from these. Attack Graphs, generated without an in-depth analysis of the VA reports, are used to fill in these gaps, but only provide cursory information. This study presents an effective model of depicting the devices and the data flow that efficiently identifies the weakest nodes along with the concerned vulnerability's origin.The complexity of the attach graph using MulVal has been greatly reduced using the proposed approach of using the risk and CVSS base score as evaluation criteria. This makes it easier for the user to interpret the attack graphs and thus reduce the time taken needed to identify the attack paths and where the attack originates from.
2020-08-14
Gu, Zuxing, Zhou, Min, Wu, Jiecheng, Jiang, Yu, Liu, Jiaxiang, Gu, Ming.  2019.  IMSpec: An Extensible Approach to Exploring the Incorrect Usage of APIs. 2019 International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Software Engineering (TASE). :216—223.
Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) usually have usage constraints, such as call conditions or call orders. Incorrect usage of these constraints, called API misuse, will result in system crashes, bugs, and even security problems. It is crucial to detect such misuses early in the development process. Though many approaches have been proposed over the last years, recent studies show that API misuses are still prevalent, especially the ones specific to individual projects. In this paper, we strive to improve current API-misuse detection capability for large-scale C programs. First, We propose IMSpec, a lightweight domain-specific language enabling developers to specify API usage constraints in three different aspects (i.e., parameter validation, error handling, and causal calling), which are the majority of API-misuse bugs. Then, we have tailored a constraint guided static analysis engine to automatically parse IMSpec rules and detect API-misuse bugs with rich semantics. We evaluate our approach on widely used benchmarks and real-world projects. The results show that our easily extensible approach performs better than state-of-the-art tools. We also discover 19 previously unknown bugs in real-world open-source projects, all of which have been confirmed by the corresponding developers.
2020-08-13
Augusto, Cristian, Morán, Jesús, De La Riva, Claudio, Tuya, Javier.  2019.  Test-Driven Anonymization for Artificial Intelligence. 2019 IEEE International Conference On Artificial Intelligence Testing (AITest). :103—110.
In recent years, data published and shared with third parties to develop artificial intelligence (AI) tools and services has significantly increased. When there are regulatory or internal requirements regarding privacy of data, anonymization techniques are used to maintain privacy by transforming the data. The side-effect is that the anonymization may lead to useless data to train and test the AI because it is highly dependent on the quality of the data. To overcome this problem, we propose a test-driven anonymization approach for artificial intelligence tools. The approach tests different anonymization efforts to achieve a trade-off in terms of privacy (non-functional quality) and functional suitability of the artificial intelligence technique (functional quality). The approach has been validated by means of two real-life datasets in the domains of healthcare and health insurance. Each of these datasets is anonymized with several privacy protections and then used to train classification AIs. The results show how we can anonymize the data to achieve an adequate functional suitability in the AI context while maintaining the privacy of the anonymized data as high as possible.
2020-08-10
Kim, Byoungchul, Jung, Jaemin, Han, Sangchul, Jeon, Soyeon, Cho, Seong-je, Choi, Jongmoo.  2019.  A New Technique for Detecting Android App Clones Using Implicit Intent and Method Information. 2019 Eleventh International Conference on Ubiquitous and Future Networks (ICUFN). :478–483.
Detecting repackaged apps is one of the important issues in the Android ecosystem. Many attackers usually reverse engineer a legitimate app, modify or embed malicious codes into the app, repackage and distribute it in the online markets. They also employ code obfuscation techniques to hide app cloning or repackaging. In this paper, we propose a new technique for detecting repackaged Android apps, which is robust to code obfuscation. The technique analyzes the similarity of Android apps based on the method call information of component classes that receive implicit intents. We developed a tool Calldroid that implemented the proposed technique, and evaluated it on apps transformed using well-known obfuscators. The evaluation results showed that the proposed technique can effectively detect repackaged apps.
Wu, Sha, Liu, Jiajia.  2019.  Overprivileged Permission Detection for Android Applications. ICC 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–6.
Android applications (Apps) have penetrated almost every aspect of our lives, bring users great convenience as well as security concerns. Even though Android system adopts permission mechanism to restrict Apps from accessing important resources of a smartphone, such as telephony, camera and GPS location, users face still significant risk of privacy leakage due to the overprivileged permissions. The overprivileged permission means the extra permission declared by the App but has nothing to do with its function. Unfortunately, there doesn't exist any tool for ordinary users to detect the overprivileged permission of an App, hence most users grant any permission declared by the App, intensifying the risk of private information leakage. Although some previous studies tried to solve the problem of permission overprivilege, their methods are not applicable nowadays because of the progress of App protection technology and the update of Android system. Towards this end, we develop a user-friendly tool based on frequent item set mining for the detection of overprivileged permissions of Android Apps, which is named Droidtector. Droidtector can operate in online or offline mode and users can choose any mode according to their situation. Finally, we run Droidtector on 1000 Apps crawled from Google Play and find that 479 of them are overprivileged, accounting for about 48% of all the sample Apps.
2020-08-07
Hasan, Kamrul, Shetty, Sachin, Ullah, Sharif.  2019.  Artificial Intelligence Empowered Cyber Threat Detection and Protection for Power Utilities. 2019 IEEE 5th International Conference on Collaboration and Internet Computing (CIC). :354—359.
Cyber threats have increased extensively during the last decade, especially in smart grids. Cybercriminals have become more sophisticated. Current security controls are not enough to defend networks from the number of highly skilled cybercriminals. Cybercriminals have learned how to evade the most sophisticated tools, such as Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems (IDPS), and Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) is almost invisible to current tools. Fortunately, the application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) may increase the detection rate of IDPS systems, and Machine Learning (ML) techniques can mine data to detect different attack stages of APT. However, the implementation of AI may bring other risks, and cybersecurity experts need to find a balance between risk and benefits.
2020-08-03
Parmar, Manisha, Domingo, Alberto.  2019.  On the Use of Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) in Support of Developing the Commander's Understanding of the Adversary. MILCOM 2019 - 2019 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM). :1–6.
Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) is a rapidly developing field which has evolved in direct response to exponential growth in cyber related crimes and attacks. CTI supports Communication and Information System (CIS)Security in order to bolster defenses and aids in the development of threat models that inform an organization's decision making process. In a military organization like NATO, CTI additionally supports Cyberspace Operations by providing the Commander with essential intelligence about the adversary, their capabilities and objectives while operating in and through cyberspace. There have been many contributions to the CTI field; a noteworthy contribution is the ATT&CK® framework by the Mitre Corporation. ATT&CK® contains a comprehensive list of adversary tactics and techniques linked to custom or publicly known Advanced Persistent Threats (APT) which aids an analyst in the characterization of Indicators of Compromise (IOCs). The ATT&CK® framework also demonstrates possibility of supporting an organization with linking observed tactics and techniques to specific APT behavior, which may assist with adversary characterization and identification, necessary steps towards attribution. The NATO Allied Command Transformation (ACT) and the NATO Communication and Information Agency (NCI Agency) have been experimenting with the use of deception techniques (including decoys) to increase the collection of adversary related data. The collected data is mapped to the tactics and techniques described in the ATT&CK® framework, in order to derive evidence to support adversary characterization; this intelligence is pivotal for the Commander to support mission planning and determine the best possible multi-domain courses of action. This paper describes the approach, methodology, outcomes and next steps for the conducted experiments.
2020-07-30
Bays, Jason, Karabiyik, Umit.  2019.  Forensic Analysis of Third Party Location Applications in Android and iOS. IEEE INFOCOM 2019 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS). :1—6.
Location sharing applications are becoming increasingly common. These applications allow users to share their own locations and view contacts’ current locations on a map. Location applications are commonly used by friends and family members to view Global Positioning System (GPS) location of an individual, but valuable forensic evidence may exist in this data when stored locally on smartphones. This paper aims to discover forensic artifacts from two popular third-party location sharing applications on iOS and Android devices. Industry standard mobile forensic suites are utilized to discover if any locally stored data could be used to assist investigations reliant on knowing the past location of a suspect. Security issues raised regarding the artifacts found during our analysis is also discussed.
2020-07-27
Adetunji, Akinbobola Oluwaseun, Butakov, Sergey, Zavarsky, Pavol.  2018.  Automated Security Configuration Checklist for Apple iOS Devices Using SCAP v1.2. 2018 International Conference on Platform Technology and Service (PlatCon). :1–6.
The security content automation includes configurations of large number of systems, installation of patches securely, verification of security-related configuration settings, compliance with security policies and regulatory requirements, and ability to respond quickly when new threats are discovered [1]. Although humans are important in information security management, humans sometimes introduce errors and inconsistencies in an organization due to manual nature of their tasks [2]. Security Content Automation Protocol was developed by the U.S. NIST to automate information security management tasks such as vulnerability and patch management, and to achieve continuous monitoring of security configurations in an organization. In this paper, SCAP is employed to develop an automated security configuration checklist for use in verifying Apple iOS device configuration against the defined security baseline to enforce policy compliance in an enterprise.
2020-07-20
Guelton, Serge, Guinet, Adrien, Brunet, Pierrick, Martinez, Juan Manuel, Dagnat, Fabien, Szlifierski, Nicolas.  2018.  [Research Paper] Combining Obfuscation and Optimizations in the Real World. 2018 IEEE 18th International Working Conference on Source Code Analysis and Manipulation (SCAM). :24–33.
Code obfuscation is the de facto standard to protect intellectual property when delivering code in an unmanaged environment. It relies on additive layers of code tangling techniques, white-box encryption calls and platform-specific or tool-specific countermeasures to make it harder for a reverse engineer to access critical pieces of data or to understand core algorithms. The literature provides plenty of different obfuscation techniques that can be used at compile time to transform data or control flow in order to provide some kind of protection against different reverse engineering scenarii. Scheduling code transformations to optimize a given metric is known as the pass scheduling problem, a problem known to be NP-hard, but solved in a practical way using hard-coded sequences that are generally satisfactory. Adding code obfuscation to the problem introduces two new dimensions. First, as a code obfuscator needs to find a balance between obfuscation and performance, pass scheduling becomes a multi-criteria optimization problem. Second, obfuscation passes transform their inputs in unconventional ways, which means some pass combinations may not be desirable or even valid. This paper highlights several issues met when blindly chaining different kind of obfuscation and optimization passes, emphasizing the need of a formal model to combine them. It proposes a non-intrusive formalism to leverage on sequential pass management techniques. The model is validated on real-world scenarii gathered during the development of an industrial-strength obfuscator on top of the LLVM compiler infrastructure.
2020-07-16
Yuan, Haoxuan, Li, Fang, Huang, Xin.  2019.  A Formal Modeling and Verification Framework for Service Oriented Intelligent Production Line Design. 2019 IEEE/ACIS 18th International Conference on Computer and Information Science (ICIS). :173—178.

The intelligent production line is a complex application with a large number of independent equipment network integration. In view of the characteristics of CPS, the existing modeling methods cannot well meet the application requirements of large scale high-performance system. a formal simulation verification framework and verification method are designed for the performance constraints such as the real-time and security of the intelligent production line based on soft bus. A model-based service-oriented integration approach is employed, which adopts a model-centric way to automate the development course of the entire software life cycle. Developing experience indicate that the proposed approach based on the formal modeling and verification framework in this paper can improve the performance of the system, which is also helpful to achieve the balance of the production line and maintain the reasonable use rate of the processing equipment.

2020-07-13
Agrawal, Shriyansh, Sanagavarapu, Lalit Mohan, Reddy, YR.  2019.  FACT - Fine grained Assessment of web page CredibiliTy. TENCON 2019 - 2019 IEEE Region 10 Conference (TENCON). :1088–1097.
With more than a trillion web pages, there is a plethora of content available for consumption. Search Engine queries invariably lead to overwhelming information, parts of it relevant and some others irrelevant. Often the information provided can be conflicting, ambiguous, and inconsistent contributing to the loss of credibility of the content. In the past, researchers have proposed approaches for credibility assessment and enumerated factors influencing the credibility of web pages. In this work, we detailed a WEBCred framework for automated genre-aware credibility assessment of web pages. We developed a tool based on the proposed framework to extract web page features instances and identify genre a web page belongs to while assessing it's Genre Credibility Score ( GCS). We validated our approach on `Information Security' dataset of 8,550 URLs with 171 features across 7 genres. The supervised learning algorithm, Gradient Boosted Decision Tree classified genres with 88.75% testing accuracy over 10 fold cross-validation, an improvement over the current benchmark. We also examined our approach on `Health' domain web pages and had comparable results. The calculated GCS correlated 69% with crowdsourced Web Of Trust ( WOT) score and 13% with algorithm based Alexa ranking across 5 Information security groups. This variance in correlation states that our GCS approach aligns with human way ( WOT) as compared to algorithmic way (Alexa) of web assessment in both the experiments.
2020-07-10
Koloveas, Paris, Chantzios, Thanasis, Tryfonopoulos, Christos, Skiadopoulos, Spiros.  2019.  A Crawler Architecture for Harvesting the Clear, Social, and Dark Web for IoT-Related Cyber-Threat Intelligence. 2019 IEEE World Congress on Services (SERVICES). 2642-939X:3—8.

The clear, social, and dark web have lately been identified as rich sources of valuable cyber-security information that -given the appropriate tools and methods-may be identified, crawled and subsequently leveraged to actionable cyber-threat intelligence. In this work, we focus on the information gathering task, and present a novel crawling architecture for transparently harvesting data from security websites in the clear web, security forums in the social web, and hacker forums/marketplaces in the dark web. The proposed architecture adopts a two-phase approach to data harvesting. Initially a machine learning-based crawler is used to direct the harvesting towards websites of interest, while in the second phase state-of-the-art statistical language modelling techniques are used to represent the harvested information in a latent low-dimensional feature space and rank it based on its potential relevance to the task at hand. The proposed architecture is realised using exclusively open-source tools, and a preliminary evaluation with crowdsourced results demonstrates its effectiveness.

2020-07-03
Zhang, Yonghong, Zheng, Peijia, Luo, Weiqi.  2019.  Privacy-Preserving Outsourcing Computation of QR Decomposition in the Encrypted Domain. 2019 18th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/13th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :389—396.

Signal processing in encrypted domain has become an important mean to protect privacy in an untrusted network environment. Due to the limitations of the underlying encryption methods, many useful algorithms that are sophisticated are not well implemented. Considering that QR decomposition is widely used in many fields, in this paper, we propose to implement QR decomposition in homomorphic encrypted domain. We firstly realize some necessary primitive operations in homomorphic encrypted domain, including division and open square operation. Gram-Schmidt process is then studied in the encrypted domain. We propose the implementation of QR decomposition in the encrypted domain by using the secure implementation of Gram-Schmidt process. We conduct experiments to demonstrate the effectiveness and analyze the performance of the proposed outsourced QR decomposition.