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Machida, H., Fujiwara, T., Fujimoto, C., Kanamori, Y., Tanaka, J., Takezawa, M..  2019.  Magnetic Domain Structures and Magnetic Properties of Lightly Nd-Doped Sm–Co Magnets With High Squareness and High Heat Resistance. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. 55:1–4.
The relationship between magnetic domain structures and magnetic properties of Nd-doped Sm(Fe, Cu, Zr, Co)7.5 was investigated. In the preparation process, slow cooling between sintering and solution treatment was employed to promote homogenization of microstructures. The developed magnet achieved a maximum energy product, [BH]m, of 33.8 MGOe and coercivity, Hcb, of 11.2 kOe at 25 °C, respectively. Moreover, B-H line at 150 °C was linear, which means that irreversible demagnetization does not occur even at 150 °C. Temperature coefficients of remanent magnetic flux density, Br, and intrinsic coercivity, Hcj, were 0.035%/K and 0.24%/K, respectively, as usual the conventional Sm-Co magnet. Magnetic domain structures were observed with a Kerr effect microscope with a magnetic field applied from 0 to -20 kOe, and then reverse magnetic domains were generated evenly from grain boundaries. Microstructures referred to as “cell structures” were observed with a scanning transmission electron microscope. Fe and Cu were separated to 2-17 and 1-5 phases, respectively. Moreover, without producing impurity phases, Nd showed the same composition behavior with Sm in a cell structure.
Codescu, M. M., Kappel, W., Chitanu, E., Manta, E..  2017.  Exchange hardened ferrimagnetic nanocomposites. 2017 10th International Symposium on Advanced Topics in Electrical Engineering (ATEE). :444–447.

Having significant role in the storing, delivering and conversion of the energy, the permanent magnets are key elements in the actual technology. In many applications, the gap between ferrites and rare earths (RE) based sintered permanent magnets is nowadays filled by RE bonded magnets, used in more applications, below their magnetic performances. Therewith, the recent trends in the RE market concerning their scarcity, impose EU to consider alternative magnets (without RE) to fill such gap. The paper presents the chemical synthesis of the exchange coupled SrFe12O19/CoFe2O4 nanocomposites, based on nanoferrites. The appropriate annealing leads to the increasing of the main magnetic characteristics, saturation magnetization MS and intrinsic coercivity Hc, in the range of 49 - 53 emu/g, respectively 126.5 - 306 kA/m. The value reached for the ratio between remanent magnetization and saturation magnetization is higher than 0.5, fact that proved that between the two magnetic phases occurred exchange interaction.

Zhang, Q., Ma, Z., Li, G., Qian, Z., Guo, X..  2016.  Temperature-dependent demagnetization nonlinear Wiener model with neural network for PM synchronous machines in electric vehicle. 2016 19th International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS). :1–4.

The inevitable temperature raise leads to the demagnetization of permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM), that is undesirable in the application of electrical vehicle. This paper presents a nonlinear demagnetization model taking into account temperature with the Wiener structure and neural network characteristics. The remanence and intrinsic coercivity are chosen as intermediate variables, thus the relationship between motor temperature and maximal permanent magnet flux is described by the proposed neural Wiener model. Simulation and experimental results demonstrate the precision of temperature dependent demagnetization model. This work makes the basis of temperature compensation for the output torque from PMSM.