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Fuhry, Benny, Jayanth Jain, H A, Kerschbaum, Florian.  2021.  EncDBDB: Searchable Encrypted, Fast, Compressed, In-Memory Database Using Enclaves. 2021 51st Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN). :438—450.
Data confidentiality is an important requirement for clients when outsourcing databases to the cloud. Trusted execution environments, such as Intel SGX, offer an efficient solution to this confidentiality problem. However, existing TEE-based solutions are not optimized for column-oriented, in-memory databases and pose impractical memory requirements on the enclave. We present EncDBDB, a novel approach for client-controlled encryption of a column-oriented, in-memory databases allowing range searches using an enclave. EncDBDB offers nine encrypted dictionaries, which provide different security, performance, and storage efficiency tradeoffs for the data. It is especially suited for complex, read-oriented, analytic queries as present, e.g., in data warehouses. The computational overhead compared to plaintext processing is within a millisecond even for databases with millions of entries and the leakage is limited. Compressed encrypted data requires less space than a corresponding plaintext column. Furthermore, EncDBDB's enclave is very small reducing the potential for security-relevant implementation errors and side-channel leakages.
Chin, Kota, Omote, Kazumasa.  2021.  Analysis of Attack Activities for Honeypots Installation in Ethereum Network. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain (Blockchain). :440–447.
In recent years, blockchain-based cryptocurren-cies have attracted much attention. Attacks targeting cryptocurrencies and related services directly profit an attacker if successful. Related studies have reported attacks targeting configuration-vulnerable nodes in Ethereum using a method called honeypots to observe malicious user attacks. They have analyzed 380 million observed requests and showed that attacks had to that point taken at least 4193 Ether. However, long-term observations using honeypots are difficult because the cost of maintaining honeypots is high. In this study, we analyze the behavior of malicious users using our honeypot system. More precisely, we clarify the pre-investigation that a malicious user performs before attacks. We show that the cost of maintaining a honeypot can be reduced. For example, honeypots need to belong in Ethereum's P2P network but not to the mainnet. Further, if they belong to the testnet, the cost of storage space can be reduced.
Saputro, Elang Dwi, Purwanto, Yudha, Ruriawan, Muhammad Faris.  2021.  Medium Interaction Honeypot Infrastructure on The Internet of Things. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Internet of Things and Intelligence System (IoTaIS). :98–102.
New technologies from day to day are submitted with many vulnerabilities that can make data exploitation. Nowadays, IoT is a target for Cybercrime attacks as it is one of the popular platforms in the century. This research address the IoT security problem by carried a medium-interaction honeypot. Honeypot is one of the solutions that can be done because it is a system feed for the introduction of attacks and fraudulent devices. This research has created a medium interaction honeypot using Cowrie, which is used to maintain the Internet of Things device from malware attacks or even attack patterns and collect information about the attacker's machine. From the result analysis, the honeypot can record all trials and attack activities, with CPU loads averagely below 6,3%.
Chen, Xiarun, Li, Qien, Yang, Zhou, Liu, Yongzhi, Shi, Shaosen, Xie, Chenglin, Wen, Weiping.  2021.  VulChecker: Achieving More Effective Taint Analysis by Identifying Sanitizers Automatically. 2021 IEEE 20th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom). :774–782.
The automatic detection of vulnerabilities in Web applications using taint analysis is a hot topic. However, existing taint analysis methods for sanitizers identification are too simple to find available taint transmission chains effectively. These methods generally use pre-constructed dictionaries or simple keywords to identify, which usually suffer from large false positives and false negatives. No doubt, it will have a greater impact on the final result of the taint analysis. To solve that, we summarise and classify the commonly used sanitizers in Web applications and propose an identification method based on semantic analysis. Our method can accurately and completely identify the sanitizers in the target Web applications through static analysis. Specifically, we analyse the natural semantics and program semantics of existing sanitizers, use semantic analysis to find more in Web applications. Besides, we implemented the method prototype in PHP and achieved a vulnerability detection tool called VulChecker. Then, we experimented with some popular open-source CMS frameworks. The results show that Vulchecker can accurately identify more sanitizers. In terms of vulnerability detection, VulChecker also has a lower false positive rate and a higher detection rate than existing methods. Finally, we used VulChecker to analyse the latest PHP applications. We identified several new suspicious taint data propagation chains. Before the paper was completed, we have identified four unreported vulnerabilities. In general, these results show that our approach is highly effective in improving vulnerability detection based on taint analysis.
Wang, Yahui, Cui, Qiushi, Tang, Xinlu, Li, Dongdong, Chen, Tao.  2021.  Waveform Vector Embedding for Incipient Fault Detection in Distribution Systems. 2021 IEEE Sustainable Power and Energy Conference (iSPEC). :3873–3879.
Incipient faults are faults at their initial stages and occur before permanent faults occur. It is very important to detect incipient faults timely and accurately for the safe and stable operation of the power system. At present, most of the detection methods for incipient faults are designed for the detection of a single device’s incipient fault, but a unified detection for multiple devices cannot be achieved. In order to increase the fault detection capability and enable detection expandability, this paper proposes a waveform vector embedding (WVE) method to embed incipient fault waveforms of different devices into waveform vectors. Then, we utilize the waveform vectors and formulate them into a waveform dictionary. To improve the efficiency of embedding the waveform signature into the learning process, we build a loss function that prevents overflow and overfitting of softmax function during when learning power system waveforms. We use the real data collected from an IEEE Power & Energy Society technical report to verify the feasibility of this method. For the result verification, we compare the superiority of this method with Logistic Regression and Support Vector Machine in different scenarios.
Luo, Jing, Xu, Guoqing.  2021.  XSS Attack Detection Methods Based on XLNet and GRU. 2021 4th International Conference on Robotics, Control and Automation Engineering (RCAE). :171–175.
With the progress of science and technology and the development of Internet technology, Internet technology has penetrated into various industries in today’s society. But this explosive growth is also troubling information security. Among them, XSS (cross-site scripting vulnerability) is one of the most influential vulnerabilities in Internet applications in recent years. Traditional network security detection technology is becoming more and more weak in the new network environment, and deep learning methods such as CNN and RNN can only learn the spatial or timing characteristics of data samples in a single way. In this paper, a generalized self-regression pretraining model XLNet and GRU XSS attack detection method is proposed, the self-regression pretrained model XLNet is introduced and combined with GRU to learn the time series and spatial characteristics of the data, and the generalization capability of the model is improved by using dropout. Faced with the increasingly complex and ever-changing XSS payload, this paper refers to the character-level convolution to establish a dictionary to encode the data samples, thus preserving the characteristics of the original data and improving the overall efficiency, and then transforming it into a two-dimensional spatial matrix to meet XLNet’s input requirements. The experimental results on the Github data set show that the accuracy of this method is 99.92 percent, the false positive rate is 0.02 percent, the accuracy rate is 11.09 percent higher than that of the DNN method, the false positive rate is 3.95 percent lower, and other evaluation indicators are better than GRU, CNN and other comparative methods, which can improve the detection accuracy and system stability of the whole detection system. This multi-model fusion method can make full use of the advantages of each model to improve the accuracy of system detection, on the other hand, it can also enhance the stability of the system.
Piazza, Nancirose.  2020.  Classification Between Machine Translated Text and Original Text By Part Of Speech Tagging Representation. 2020 IEEE 7th International Conference on Data Science and Advanced Analytics (DSAA). :739–740.
Classification between machine-translated text and original text are often tokenized on vocabulary of the corpi. With N-grams larger than uni-gram, one can create a model that estimates a decision boundary based on word frequency probability distribution; however, this approach is exponentially expensive because of high dimensionality and sparsity. Instead, we let samples of the corpi be represented by part-of-speech tagging which is significantly less vocabulary. With less trigram permutations, we can create a model with its tri-gram frequency probability distribution. In this paper, we explore less conventional ways of approaching techniques for handling documents, dictionaries, and the likes.
Tan, Cheng, Zhang, Lijun, Bao, Liang.  2020.  A Deep Exploration of BitLocker Encryption and Security Analysis. 2020 IEEE 20th International Conference on Communication Technology (ICCT). :1070–1074.
Due to the popularity of Windows system, BitLocker is widely used as a built-in disk encryption tool. As a commercial application, the design of BitLocker has to consider a capability of disaster recovery, which helps a user to recover data stored on encrypted disk when a regular access is not available. In this case, it will inevitably lead to some security risks when using BitLocker. We have a deep exploration of BitLocker encryption mechanism in this paper. We present the decryption method of encrypted VMK in case of system partition encryption and non-system partition encryption, respectively. VMK is the core key in BitLocker, with which the encrypted partition or the entire disk can be further decrypted. As for security analysis on BitLocker, we firstly make a difficulty analysis of brute force cracking on BitLocker keys, and then we analyze a possible threat caused by key theft. Based on this, we propose a few countermeasures about BitLocker usage. Additionally, we give some suggestions about security enhancement of BitLocker encryption.
Nait-Abdesselam, Farid, Darwaish, Asim, Titouna, Chafiq.  2020.  An Intelligent Malware Detection and Classification System Using Apps-to-Images Transformations and Convolutional Neural Networks. 2020 16th International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob). :1–6.
With the proliferation of Mobile Internet, handheld devices are facing continuous threats from apps that contain malicious intents. These malicious apps, or malware, have the capability of dynamically changing their intended code as they spread. Moreover, the diversity and volume of their variants severely undermine the effectiveness of traditional defenses, which typically use signature-based techniques, and make them unable to detect the previously unknown malware. However, the variants of malware families share typical behavioral patterns reflecting their origin and purpose. The behavioral patterns, obtained either statically or dynamically, can be exploited to detect and classify unknown malware into their known families using machine learning techniques. In this paper, we propose a new approach for detecting and analyzing a malware. Mainly focused on android apps, our approach adopts the two following steps: (1) performs a transformation of an APK file into a lightweight RGB image using a predefined dictionary and intelligent mapping, and (2) trains a convolutional neural network on the obtained images for the purpose of signature detection and malware family classification. The results obtained using the Androzoo dataset show that our system classifies both legacy and new malware apps with high accuracy, low false-negative rate (FNR), and low false-positive rate (FPR).
Junchao, CHEN, Baorong, ZHAI, Yibing, DONG, Tao, WU, Kai, YOU.  2020.  Design Of TT amp;C Resource Automatic Scheduling Interface Middleware With High Concurrency and Security. 2020 International Conference on Information Science, Parallel and Distributed Systems (ISPDS). :171—176.
In order to significantly improve the reliable interaction and fast processing when TT&C(Tracking, Telemetry and Command) Resource Scheduling and Management System (TRSMS) communicate with external systems which are diverse, multiple directional and high concurrent, this paper designs and implements a highly concurrent and secure middleware for TT&C Resource Automatic Scheduling Interface (TRASI). The middleware designs memory pool, data pool, thread pool and task pool to improve the efficiency of concurrent processing, uses the rule dictionary, communication handshake and wait retransmission mechanism to ensure the data interaction security and reliability. This middleware can effectively meet the requirements of TRASI for data exchange with external users and system, significantly improve the data processing speed and efficiency, and promote the information technology and automation level of Aerospace TT&C Network Management Center (TNMC).
Junchao, CHEN, Baorong, ZHAI, Yibing, DONG, Tao, WU, Kai, YOU.  2020.  Design Of TT C Resource Automatic Scheduling Interface Middleware With High Concurrency and Security. 2020 International Conference on Information Science, Parallel and Distributed Systems (ISPDS). :171—176.
In order to significantly improve the reliable interaction and fast processing when TT&C(Tracking, Telemetry and Command) Resource Scheduling and Management System (TRSMS) communicate with external systems which are diverse, multiple directional and high concurrent, this paper designs and implements a highly concurrent and secure middleware for TT&C Resource Automatic Scheduling Interface (TRASI). The middleware designs memory pool, data pool, thread pool and task pool to improve the efficiency of concurrent processing, uses the rule dictionary, communication handshake and wait retransmission mechanism to ensure the data interaction security and reliability. This middleware can effectively meet the requirements of TRASI for data exchange with external users and system, significantly improve the data processing speed and efficiency, and promote the information technology and automation level of Aerospace TT&C Network Management Center (TNMC).
Song, Jie, Chen, Yixin, Ye, Jingwen, Wang, Xinchao, Shen, Chengchao, Mao, Feng, Song, Mingli.  2020.  DEPARA: Deep Attribution Graph for Deep Knowledge Transferability. 2020 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR). :3921–3929.
Exploring the intrinsic interconnections between the knowledge encoded in PRe-trained Deep Neural Networks (PR-DNNs) of heterogeneous tasks sheds light on their mutual transferability, and consequently enables knowledge transfer from one task to another so as to reduce the training effort of the latter. In this paper, we propose the DEeP Attribution gRAph (DEPARA) to investigate the transferability of knowledge learned from PR-DNNs. In DEPARA, nodes correspond to the inputs and are represented by their vectorized attribution maps with regards to the outputs of the PR-DNN. Edges denote the relatedness between inputs and are measured by the similarity of their features extracted from the PR-DNN. The knowledge transferability of two PR-DNNs is measured by the similarity of their corresponding DEPARAs. We apply DEPARA to two important yet under-studied problems in transfer learning: pre-trained model selection and layer selection. Extensive experiments are conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed method in solving both these problems. Code, data and models reproducing the results in this paper are available at
Pimple, Nishant, Salunke, Tejashree, Pawar, Utkarsha, Sangoi, Janhavi.  2020.  Wireless Security — An Approach Towards Secured Wi-Fi Connectivity. 2020 6th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS). :872–876.
In today's era, the probability of the wireless devices getting hacked has grown extensively. Due to the various WLAN vulnerabilities, hackers can break into the system. There is a lack of awareness among the people about security mechanisms. From the past experiences, the study reveals that router security encrypted protocol is often cracked using several ways like dictionary attack and brute force attack. The identified methods are costly, require extensive hardware, are not reliable and do not detect all the vulnerabilities of the system. This system aims to test all router protocols which are WEP, WPA, WPA2, WPS and detect the vulnerabilities of the system. Kali Linux version number 2.0 is being used over here and therefore the tools like airodump-ng, aircrack-ng are used to acquire access point pin which gives prevention methods for detected credulity and aims in testing various security protocols to make sure that there's no flaw which will be exploited.
Hossain, M. D., Ochiai, H., Doudou, F., Kadobayashi, Y..  2020.  SSH and FTP brute-force Attacks Detection in Computer Networks: LSTM and Machine Learning Approaches. 2020 5th International Conference on Computer and Communication Systems (ICCCS). :491—497.

Network traffic anomaly detection is of critical importance in cybersecurity due to the massive and rapid growth of sophisticated computer network attacks. Indeed, the more new Internet-related technologies are created, the more elaborate the attacks become. Among all the contemporary high-level attacks, dictionary-based brute-force attacks (BFA) present one of the most unsurmountable challenges. We need to develop effective methods to detect and mitigate such brute-force attacks in realtime. In this paper, we investigate SSH and FTP brute-force attack detection by using the Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) deep learning approach. Additionally, we made use of machine learning (ML) classifiers: J48, naive Bayes (NB), decision table (DT), random forest (RF) and k-nearest-neighbor (k-NN), for additional detection purposes. We used the well-known labelled dataset CICIDS2017. We evaluated the effectiveness of the LSTM and ML algorithms, and compared their performance. Our results show that the LSTM model outperforms the ML algorithms, with an accuracy of 99.88%.

Tsiligkaridis, T., Romero, D..  2018.  Reinforcement Learning with Budget-Constrained Nonparametric Function Approximation for Opportunistic Spectrum Access. 2018 IEEE Global Conference on Signal and Information Processing (GlobalSIP). :579—583.

Opportunistic spectrum access is one of the emerging techniques for maximizing throughput in congested bands and is enabled by predicting idle slots in spectrum. We propose a kernel-based reinforcement learning approach coupled with a novel budget-constrained sparsification technique that efficiently captures the environment to find the best channel access actions. This approach allows learning and planning over the intrinsic state-action space and extends well to large state spaces. We apply our methods to evaluate coexistence of a reinforcement learning-based radio with a multi-channel adversarial radio and a single-channel carrier-sense multiple-access with collision avoidance (CSMA-CA) radio. Numerical experiments show the performance gains over carrier-sense systems.

Kumar, Suren, Dhiman, Vikas, Koch, Parker A, Corso, Jason J..  2018.  Learning Compositional Sparse Bimodal Models. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. 40:1032—1044.

Various perceptual domains have underlying compositional semantics that are rarely captured in current models. We suspect this is because directly learning the compositional structure has evaded these models. Yet, the compositional structure of a given domain can be grounded in a separate domain thereby simplifying its learning. To that end, we propose a new approach to modeling bimodal perceptual domains that explicitly relates distinct projections across each modality and then jointly learns a bimodal sparse representation. The resulting model enables compositionality across these distinct projections and hence can generalize to unobserved percepts spanned by this compositional basis. For example, our model can be trained on red triangles and blue squares; yet, implicitly will also have learned red squares and blue triangles. The structure of the projections and hence the compositional basis is learned automatically; no assumption is made on the ordering of the compositional elements in either modality. Although our modeling paradigm is general, we explicitly focus on a tabletop building-blocks setting. To test our model, we have acquired a new bimodal dataset comprising images and spoken utterances of colored shapes (blocks) in the tabletop setting. Our experiments demonstrate the benefits of explicitly leveraging compositionality in both quantitative and human evaluation studies.

Liu, Qin, Pei, Shuyu, Xie, Kang, Wu, Jie, Peng, Tao, Wang, Guojun.  2018.  Achieving Secure and Effective Search Services in Cloud Computing. 2018 17th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/ 12th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :1386–1391.
One critical challenge of today's cloud services is how to provide an effective search service while preserving user privacy. In this paper, we propose a wildcard-based multi-keyword fuzzy search (WMFS) scheme over the encrypted data, which tolerates keyword misspellings by exploiting the indecomposable property of primes. Compared with existing secure fuzzy search schemes, our WMFS scheme has the following merits: 1) Efficiency. It eliminates the requirement of a predefined dictionary and thus supports updates efficiently. 2) High accuracy. It eliminates the false positive and false negative introduced by specific data structures and thus allows the user to retrieve files as accurate as possible. 3) Flexibility. It gives the user great flexibility to specify different search patterns including keyword and substring matching. Extensive experiments on a real data set demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of our scheme.
Ashiq, Md. Ishtiaq, Bhowmick, Protick, Hossain, Md. Shohrab, Narman, Husnu S..  2019.  Domain Flux-based DGA Botnet Detection Using Feedforward Neural Network. MILCOM 2019 - 2019 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM). :1—6.
Botnets have been a major area of concern in the field of cybersecurity. There have been a lot of research works for detection of botnets. However, everyday cybercriminals are coming up with new ideas to counter the well-known detection methods. One such popular method is domain flux-based botnets in which a large number of domain names are produced using domain generation algorithm. In this paper, we have proposed a robust way of detecting DGA-based botnets using few novel features covering both syntactic and semantic viewpoints. We have used Area under ROC curve as our performance metric since it provides comprehensive information about the performance of binary classifiers at various thresholds. Results show that our approach performs significantly better than the baseline approach. Our proposed method can help in detecting established DGA bots (equipped with extensive features) as well as prospective advanced DGA bots imitating real-world domain names.
Subangan, S., Senthooran, V..  2019.  Secure Authentication Mechanism for Resistance to Password Attacks. 2019 19th International Conference on Advances in ICT for Emerging Regions (ICTer). 250:1—7.
Authentication is a process that provides access control of any type of computing applications by inspecting the user's identification with the database of authorized users. Passwords play the vital role in authentication mechanism to ensure the privacy of the information and avert from the illicit access. Password based authentication mechanism suffers from many password attacks such as shoulder surfing, brute forcing and dictionary attacks that crack the password of authentication schema by the adversary. Key Stroke technique, Click Pattern technique, Graphichical Password technique and Authentication panel are the several authentication techniques used to resist the password attacks in the literature. This research study critically reviews the types of password attacks and proposes a matrix based secure authentication mechanism which includes three phases namely, User generation phase, Matrix generation phase and Authentication phase to resist the existing password attacks. The performance measure of the proposed method investigates the results in terms existing password attacks and shows the good resistance to password attacks in any type of computing applications.
Bošnjak, L., Sreš, J., Brumen, B..  2018.  Brute-force and dictionary attack on hashed real-world passwords. 2018 41st International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics (MIPRO). :1161—1166.
An information system is only as secure as its weakest point. In many information systems that remains to be the human factor, despite continuous attempts to educate the users about the importance of password security and enforcing password creation policies on them. Furthermore, not only do the average users' password creation and management habits remain more or less the same, but the password cracking tools, and more importantly, the computer hardware, keep improving as well. In this study, we performed a broad targeted attack combining several well-established cracking techniques, such as brute-force, dictionary, and hybrid attacks, on the passwords used by the students of a Slovenian university to access the online grading system. Our goal was to demonstrate how easy it is to crack most of the user-created passwords using simple and predictable patterns. To identify differences between them, we performed an analysis of the cracked and uncracked passwords and measured their strength. The results have shown that even a single low to mid-range modern GPU can crack over 95% of passwords in just few days, while a more dedicated system can crack all but the strongest 0.5% of them.
BOUGHACI, Dalila, BENMESBAH, Mounir, ZEBIRI, Aniss.  2019.  An improved N-grams based Model for Authorship Attribution. 2019 International Conference on Computer and Information Sciences (ICCIS). :1—6.

Authorship attribution is the problem of studying an anonymous text and finding the corresponding author in a set of candidate authors. In this paper, we propose a method based on N-grams model for the problem of authorship attribution. Several measures are used to assign an anonymous text to an author. The different variants of the proposed method are implemented and validated on PAN benchmarks. The numerical results are encouraging and demonstrate the benefit of the proposed idea.

Kate, Abhilasha, Kamble, Satish, Bodkhe, Aishwarya, Joshi, Mrunal.  2018.  Conversion of Natural Language Query to SQL Query. 2018 Second International Conference on Electronics, Communication and Aerospace Technology (ICECA). :488—491.

This paper present an approach to automate the conversion of Natural Language Query to SQL Query effectively. Structured Query Language is a powerful tool for managing data held in a relational database management system. To retrieve or manage data user have to enter the correct SQL Query. But the users who don't have any knowledge about SQL are unable to retrieve the required data. To overcome this we proposed a model in Natural Language Processing for converting the Natural Language Query to SQL query. This helps novice user to get required content without knowing any complex details about SQL. This system can also deal with complex queries. This system is designed for Training and Placement cell officers who work on student database but don't have any knowledge about SQL. In this system, user can also enter the query using speech. System will convert speech into the text format. This query will get transformed to SQL query. System will execute the query and gives output to the user.

Odelu, Vanga.  2019.  An Efficient Two-Server Password-Only User Authentication for Consumer Electronic Devices. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE). :1–2.

We propose an efficient and secure two-server password-only remote user authentication protocol for consumer electronic devices, such as smartphones and laptops. Our protocol works on-top of any existing trust model, like Secure Sockets Layer protocol (SSL). The proposed protocol is secure against dictionary and impersonation attacks.

Musca, Constantin, Mirica, Emma, Deaconescu, Razvan.  2013.  Detecting and Analyzing Zero-Day Attacks Using Honeypots. 2013 19th International Conference on Control Systems and Computer Science. :543–548.
Computer networks are overwhelmed by self propagating malware (worms, viruses, trojans). Although the number of security vulnerabilities grows every day, not the same thing can be said about the number of defense methods. But the most delicate problem in the information security domain remains detecting unknown attacks known as zero-day attacks. This paper presents methods for isolating the malicious traffic by using a honeypot system and analyzing it in order to automatically generate attack signatures for the Snort intrusion detection/prevention system. The honeypot is deployed as a virtual machine and its job is to log as much information as it can about the attacks. Then, using a protected machine, the logs are collected remotely, through a safe connection, for analysis. The challenge is to mitigate the risk we are exposed to and at the same time search for unknown attacks.
Stavrou, E..  2018.  Enhancing Cyber Situational Awareness: A New Perspective of Password Auditing Tools. 2018 International Conference On Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment (Cyber SA). :1-4.

Password auditing can enhance the cyber situational awareness of defenders, e.g. cyber security/IT professionals, with regards to the strength of text-based authentication mechanisms utilized in an organization. Auditing results can proactively indicate if weak passwords exist in an organization, decreasing the risks of compromisation. Password cracking is a typical and time-consuming way to perform password auditing. Given that defenders perform password auditing within a specific evaluation timeframe, the cracking process needs to be optimized to yield useful results. Existing password cracking tools do not provide holistic features to optimize the process. Therefore, the need arises to build new password auditing toolkits to assist defenders to achieve their task in an effective and efficient way. Moreover, to maximize the benefits of password auditing, a security policy should be utilized. Currently the efforts focus on the specification of password security policies, providing rules on how to construct passwords. This work proposes the functionality that should be supported by next-generation password auditing toolkits and provides guidelines to drive the specification of a relevant password auditing policy.