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Morapitiya, Sumali S., Furqan Ali, Mohammad, Rajkumar, Samikkannu, Wijayasekara, Sanika K., Jayakody, Dushantha Nalin K., Weerasuriya, R.U..  2020.  A SLIPT-assisted Visible Light Communication Scheme. 2020 16th International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems (DCOSS). :368–375.
Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer (SWIPT) technique is introduced in Radio Frequency (RF) communication to carry both information and power in same medium. In this approach, the energy can be harvested while decoding the information carries in an RF wave. Recently, the same concept applied in Visible Light Communication (VLC) namely Simultaneous Light Wave Information and Power Transfer (SLIPT), which is highly recommended in an indoor applications to overcome the problem facing in RF communication. Thus, SLIPT is introduced to transmit the power through a Light Emitting Diode (LED) luminaries. In this work, we compare both SWIPT and SLIPT technologies and realize SLIPT technology archives increased performance in terms of the amount of harvested energy, outage probability and error rate performance.
Wang, F., Zhang, X..  2020.  Secure Resource Allocation for Polarization-Based Non-Linear Energy Harvesting Over 5G Cooperative Cognitive Radio Networks. ICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–6.
We address secure resource allocation for the energy harvesting (EH) based 5G cooperative cognitive radio networks (CRNs). To guarantee that the size-limited secondary users (SUs) can simultaneously send the primary user's and their own information, we assume that SUs are equipped with orthogonally dual-polarized antennas (ODPAs). In particular, we propose, develop, and analyze an efficient resource allocation scheme under a practical non-linear EH model, which can capture the nonlinear characteristics of the end-to-end wireless power transfer (WPT) for radio frequency (RF) based EH circuits. Our obtained numerical results validate that a substantial performance gain can be obtained by employing the non-linear EH model.
Khalid, W., Yu, H..  2020.  Residual Energy Analysis with Physical-Layer Security for Energy-Constrained UAV Cognitive Radio Systems. 2020 International Conference on Electronics, Information, and Communication (ICEIC). :1–3.
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) based cognitive radio (CR) systems improve the sensing performance. However, such systems demand secure communication with lower power consumption. Motivated by these observations, we consider an energy-constraint yet energy harvesting (EH) drone flying periodically in the circular track around primary transmitter in the presence of an eavesdropper with an aim to use the licensed band opportunistically. Considering the trade-off between the residual energy and secondary link performance, we formulate the constrained optimization problem, i.e., maximizing residual energy under the constraint of secondary secrecy outage. Simulation results verify the proposed theoretical analysis.
Uyan, O. Gokhan, Gungor, V. Cagri.  2019.  Lifetime Analysis of Underwater Wireless Networks Concerning Privacy with Energy Harvesting and Compressive Sensing. 2019 27th Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU). :1–4.
Underwater sensor networks (UWSN) are a division of classical wireless sensor networks (WSN), which are designed to accomplish both military and civil operations, such as invasion detection and underwater life monitoring. Underwater sensor nodes operate using the energy provided by integrated limited batteries, and it is a serious challenge to replace the battery under the water especially in harsh conditions with a high number of sensor nodes. Here, energy efficiency confronts as a very important issue. Besides energy efficiency, data privacy is another essential topic since UWSN typically generate delicate sensing data. UWSN can be vulnerable to silent positioning and listening, which is injecting similar adversary nodes into close locations to the network to sniff transmitted data. In this paper, we discuss the usage of compressive sensing (CS) and energy harvesting (EH) to improve the lifetime of the network whilst we suggest a novel encryption decision method to maintain privacy of UWSN. We also deploy a Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) model to optimize the encryption decision cases which leads to an improved network lifetime.
Pham-Thi-Dan, Ngoc, Do-Dac, Thiem, Ho-Van, Khuong, Vo-Que, Son, Pham-Ngoc, Son.  2019.  On Security Capability of Cooperative Communications in Energy Scavenging Cognitive Radio Networks. 2019 International Conference on Advanced Technologies for Communications (ATC). :89—93.
In this paper, secrecy outage probability (SOP) of cooperative communications in ESCRNs is numerically evaluated by the recommended precise closed-form formula which is corroborated by numerous computer simulations. Results expose that the relay's location, energy scavenging time, message recovering time, and power division for energy scavenging and message recovering dramatically impact the SOP of the cooperative communications in ESCRNs. Moreover, results infer that the SOP is constant either in energy scavenging non-cognitive networks (ES-nonCRNs) or in ESCRNs with infinite power transmitters.
Pham-Thi-Dan, Ngoc, Ho-Van, Khuong, Do-Dac, Thiem, Vo-Que, Son, Pham-Ngoc, Son.  2019.  Security Analysis for Cognitive Radio Network with Energy Scavenging Capable Relay over Nakagami-m Fading Channels. 2019 International Symposium on Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ISEE). :68—72.
In this paper, we propose an exact closed-form expression of secrecy outage probability (SOP) for underlay cognitive network with energy scavenging capable relay over Nakagami-m fading channels and under both (maximum transmit and interference) power constraints. Various results validated the proposed expression and shed insights into the security performance of this network in key specifications.
Rudolph, Hendryk, Lan, Tian, Strehl, Konrad, He, Qinwei, Lan, Yuanliang.  2019.  Simulating the Efficiency of Thermoelectrical Generators for Sensor Nodes. 2019 4th IEEE Workshop on the Electronic Grid (eGRID). :1—6.

In order to be more environmentally friendly, a lot of parts and aspects of life become electrified to reduce the usage of fossil fuels. This can be seen in the increased number of electrical vehicles in everyday life. This of course only makes a positive impact on the environment, if the electricity is produced environmentally friendly and comes from renewable sources. But when the green electrical power is produced, it still needs to be transported to where it's needed, which is not necessarily near the production site. In China, one of the ways to do this transport is to use High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) technology. This of course means, that the current has to be converted to DC before being transported to the end user. That implies that the converter stations are of great importance for the grid security. Therefore, a precise monitoring of the stations is necessary. Ideally, this could be accomplished with wireless sensor nodes with an autarkic energy supply. A role in this energy supply could be played by a thermoelectrical generator (TEG). But to assess the power generated in the specific environment, a simulation would be highly desirable, to evaluate the power gained from the temperature difference in the converter station. This paper proposes a method to simulate the generated power by combining a model for the generator with a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model converter.

Baras, John S., Liu, Xiangyang.  2019.  Trust is the Cure to Distributed Consensus with Adversaries. 2019 27th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation (MED). :195—202.

Distributed consensus is a prototypical distributed optimization and decision making problem in social, economic and engineering networked systems. In collaborative applications investigating the effects of adversaries is a critical problem. In this paper we investigate distributed consensus problems in the presence of adversaries. We combine key ideas from distributed consensus in computer science on one hand and in control systems on the other. The main idea is to detect Byzantine adversaries in a network of collaborating agents who have as goal reaching consensus, and exclude them from the consensus process and dynamics. We describe a novel trust-aware consensus algorithm that integrates the trust evaluation mechanism into the distributed consensus algorithm and propose various local decision rules based on local evidence. To further enhance the robustness of trust evaluation itself, we also introduce a trust propagation scheme in order to take into account evidences of other nodes in the network. The resulting algorithm is flexible and extensible, and can incorporate more complex designs of decision rules and trust models. To demonstrate the power of our trust-aware algorithm, we provide new theoretical security performance results in terms of miss detection and false alarm rates for regular and general trust graphs. We demonstrate through simulations that the new trust-aware consensus algorithm can effectively detect Byzantine adversaries and can exclude them from consensus iterations even in sparse networks with connectivity less than 2f+1, where f is the number of adversaries.

Hao, Hao, Ying Li, Xin.  2019.  Research on Physical Layer Security of Cooperative Networks Based on Swipt. 2019 International Conference on Smart Grid and Electrical Automation (ICSGEA). :583—586.
In Cooperative Networks based on simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT), relay nodes collect the energy of radio signals received from source node and transmit the information of source nodes to destination nodes, which not only prolongs the service life of energy-constrained nodes, but also improves the ability of long-distance transmission of information. Due to the openness of energy harvesting, there may be eavesdropping users with malicious decoding. In order to study the security performance of the Cooperative Networks based on SWIPT, this paper mainly studies the physical layer security performance of this network, derives and simulates the expression of system security outage probability and throughput. The simulation results show that the system security performance is mainly influenced by time allocation parameter of SWIPT and decreases with the increase of target rate.
Illi, Elmehdi, Bouanani, Faissal El, Ayoub, Fouad.  2019.  Physical Layer Security of an Amplify-and-Forward Energy Harvesting-Based Mixed RF/UOW System. 2019 International Conference on Advanced Communication Technologies and Networking (CommNet). :1–8.
This paper investigates the secrecy outage performance of an energy harvesting-based dual-hop amplify-and-forward (AF) mixed radio-frequency/underwater optical wireless communication (RF/UOWC) system. A single-antenna source node (S) is considered, communicating with one legitimate destination node (D) with the aid of a multi-antenna AF relay (R) device. In this setup, the relay node receives the incoming signal from S via an RF link, which is subject to Nakagami-m fading, then performs maximal-ratio-combining (MRC) followed by a fixed-gain amplification, before transmitting it to the destination via a UOWC link, subject to mixture Exponential-Gamma fading. Assuming the presence of a malicious eavesdropper attempting to intercept the S- R hop, a tight approximate expression for the secrecy outage probability is retrieved. The derived results provide useful insights into the influence of key system parameters on the secrecy outage performance. Our analytical results are corroborated through computer simulations, which verifies their validity.
Wang, Fei, Zhang, Xi.  2017.  Secure resource allocation for polarization-enabled green cooperative cognitive radio networks with untrusted secondary users. 2017 51st Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS). :1–6.
We address secure resource allocation for an OFDMA cooperative cognitive radio network (CRN) with energy harvesting (EH) capability. In the network, one primary user (PU) cooperates with several untrusted secondary users (SUs) with one SU transmitter and several SU receivers, where the SU transmitter and all SU receivers may overhear the PU transmitter's information while all SU receivers may eavesdrop on each other's signals. We consider the scenario when SUs are wireless devices with small physical sizes; therefore to improve system performance we suppose that SUs are equipped with co-located orthogonally dual-polarized antennas (ODPAs). With ODPAs, on one hand, the SU transmitter can first harvest energy from radio frequency (RF) signals emitted by the PU transmitter, and then utilize the harvested energy to simultaneously serve the PU and all SU receivers. On the other hand, by exploiting polarization-based signal processing techniques, both the PU's and SUs' physical-layer security can be enhanced. In particular, to ensure the PU's communication security, the PU receiver also sends jamming signals to degrade the reception performance of SUs, and meanwhile the jamming signals can also become new sources of energy powering the SU transmitter. For the considered scenario, we investigate the joint allocation of subcarriers, powers, and power splitting ratios to maximize the total secrecy rate of all SUs while ensuring the PU's minimum secrecy rate requirement. Finally, we evaluate the performance of our resource allocation scheme through numerical analyses.