Visible to the public Biblio

Filters: Keyword is power distribution faults  [Clear All Filters]
Conference Paper
Onaolapo, A.K., Akindeji, K.T..  2019.  Application of Artificial Neural Network for Fault Recognition and Classification in Distribution Network. 2019 Southern African Universities Power Engineering Conference/Robotics and Mechatronics/Pattern Recognition Association of South Africa (SAUPEC/RobMech/PRASA). :299–304.
Occurrence of faults in power systems is unavoidable but their timely recognition and location enhances the reliability and security of supply; thereby resulting in economic gain to consumers and power utility alike. Distribution Network (DN) is made smarter by the introduction of sensors and computers into the system. In this paper, detection and classification of faults in DN using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is emphasized. This is achieved through the employment of Back Propagation Algorithm (BPA) of the Feed Forward Neural Network (FFNN) using three phase voltages and currents as inputs. The simulations were carried out using the MATLAB® 2017a. ANN with various hidden layers were analyzed and the results authenticate the effectiveness of the method.
Hao, K., Achanta, S. V., Fowler, J., Keckalo, D..  2017.  Apply a wireless line sensor system to enhance distribution protection schemes. 2017 70th Annual Conference for Protective Relay Engineers (CPRE). :1–11.

Traditionally, utility crews have used faulted circuit indicators (FCIs) to locate faulted line sections. FCIs monitor current and provide a local visual indication of recent fault activity. When a fault occurs, the FCIs operate, triggering a visual indication that is either a mechanical target (flag) or LED. There are also enhanced FCIs with communications capability, providing fault status to the outage management system (OMS) or supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system. Such quickly communicated information results in faster service restoration and reduced outage times. For distribution system protection, protection devices (such as recloser controls) must coordinate with downstream devices (such as fuses or other recloser controls) to clear faults. Furthermore, if there are laterals on a feeder that are protected by a recloser control, it is desirable to communicate to the recloser control which lateral had the fault in order to enhance tripping schemes. Because line sensors are typically placed along distribution feeders, they are capable of sensing fault status and characteristics closer to the fault. If such information can be communicated quickly to upstream protection devices, at protection speeds, the protection devices can use this information to securely speed up distribution protection scheme operation. With recent advances in low-power electronics, wireless communications, and small-footprint sensor transducers, wireless line sensors can now provide fault information to the protection devices with low latencies that support protection speeds. This paper describes the components of a wireless protection sensor (WPS) system, its integration with protection devices, and how the fault information can be transmitted to such devices. Additionally, this paper discusses how the protection devices use this received fault information to securely speed up the operation speed of and improve the selectivity of distribution protection schemes, in add- tion to locating faulted line sections.

Jaatun, M. G., Moe, M. E. Gaup, Nordbø, P. E..  2018.  Cyber Security Considerations for Self-healing Smart Grid Networks. 2018 International Conference on Cyber Security and Protection of Digital Services (Cyber Security). :1–7.
Fault Location, Isolation and System Restoration (FLISR) mechanisms allow for rapid restoration of power to customers that are not directly implicated by distribution network failures. However, depending on where the logic for the FLISR system is located, deployment may have security implications for the distribution network. This paper discusses alternative FLISR placements in terms of cyber security considerations, concluding that there is a case for both local and centralized FLISR solutions.
Fu, Rao, Grinberg, Ilya, Gogolyuk, Petro.  2019.  Electric Power Distribution System Fault Recovery Based on Visual Computation. 2019 IEEE 20th International Conference on Computational Problems of Electrical Engineering (CPEE). :1–4.

A study case of electric power distribution system fault recovery has been introduced in this article. With proper connections, network reconfiguration should be considered an effective solution to the system fault condition. Considering the radial structure of the distribution system, appropriate observation on visualized outcome of the voltage profile can lead the system operator to obtain the best switching line effectively. Contour plots are applied for visualizing the voltage profiles of a modified IEEE 13-node test feeder model.

Eneh, Joy Nnenna, Onyekachi Orah, Harris, Emeka, Aka Benneth.  2019.  Improving the Reliability and Security of Active Distribution Networks Using SCADA Systems. 2019 IEEE PES/IAS PowerAfrica. :110–115.
The traditional electricity distribution system is rapidly shifting from the passive infrastructure to a more active infrastructure, giving rise to a smart grid. In this project an active electricity distribution network and its components have been studied. A 14-node SCADA-based active distribution network model has been proposed for managing this emerging network infrastructure to ensure reliability and protection of the network The proposed model was developed using matlab /simulink software and the fuzzy logic toolbox. Surge arresters and circuit breakers were modelled and deployed in the network at different locations for protection and isolation of fault conditions. From the reliability analysis of the proposed model, the failure rate and outage hours were reduced due to better response of the system to power fluctuations and fault conditions.
Chen, B., Lu, Z., Zhou, H..  2018.  Reliability Assessment of Distribution Network Considering Cyber Attacks. 2018 2nd IEEE Conference on Energy Internet and Energy System Integration (EI2). :1-6.

With the rapid development of the smart grid, a large number of intelligent sensors and meters have been introduced in distribution network, which will inevitably increase the integration of physical networks and cyber networks, and bring potential security threats to the operating system. In this paper, the functions of the information system on distribution network are described when cyber attacks appear at the intelligent electronic devices (lED) or at the distribution main station. The effect analysis of the distribution network under normal operating condition or in the fault recovery process is carried out, and the reliability assessment model of the distribution network considering cyber attacks is constructed. Finally, the IEEE-33-bus distribution system is taken as a test system to presented the evaluation process based on the proposed model.

Liu, Xiaobao, Wu, Qinfang, Sun, Jinhua, Xu, Xia, Wen, Yifan.  2019.  Research on Self-Healing Technology for Faults of Intelligent Distribution Network Communication System. 2019 IEEE 3rd Information Technology, Networking, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (ITNEC). :1404–1408.
The intelligent power communication network is closely connected with the power system, and carries the data transmission and intelligent decision in a series of key services in the power system, which is an important guarantee for the smart power service. The self-healing control (SHC) of the distribution network monitors the data of each device and node in the distribution network in real time, simulates and analyzes the data, and predicts the hidden dangers in the normal operation of the distribution network. Control, control strategies such as correcting recovery and troubleshooting when abnormal or fault conditions occur, reducing human intervention, enabling the distribution network to change from abnormal operating state to normal operating state in time, preventing event expansion and reducing the impact of faults on the grid and users.
Bovo, Cristian, Ilea, Valentin, Rolandi, Claudio.  2018.  A Security-Constrained Islanding Feasibility Optimization Model in the Presence of Renewable Energy Sources. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2018 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC / I CPS Europe). :1—6.

The massive integration of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) into power systems is a major challenge but it also provides new opportunities for network operation. For example, with a large amount of RES available at HV subtransmission level, it is possible to exploit them as controlling resources in islanding conditions. Thus, a procedure for off-line evaluation of islanded operation feasibility in the presence of RES is proposed. The method finds which generators and loads remain connected after islanding to balance the island's real power maximizing the amount of supplied load and assuring the network's long-term security. For each possible islanding event, the set of optimal control actions (load/generation shedding) to apply in case of actual islanding, is found. The procedure is formulated as a Mixed Integer Non-Linear Problem (MINLP) and is solved using Genetic Algorithms (GAs). Results, including dynamic simulations, are shown for a representative HV subtransmission grid.

Refaat, S. S., Mohamed, A., Kakosimos, P..  2018.  Self-Healing control strategy; Challenges and opportunities for distribution systems in smart grid. 2018 IEEE 12th International Conference on Compatibility, Power Electronics and Power Engineering (CPE-POWERENG 2018). :1–6.
Implementation of self-healing control system in smart grid is a persisting challenge. Self-Healing control strategy is the important guarantee to implement the smart grid. In addition, it is the support of achieving the secure operation, improving the reliability and security of distribution grid, and realizing the smart distribution grid. Although self-healing control system concept is presented in smart grid context, but the complexity of distribution network structure recommended to choose advanced control and protection system using a self-healing, this system must be able to heal any disturbance in the distribution system of smart grid to improve efficiency, resiliency, continuity, and reliability of the smart grid. This review focuses mostly on the key technology of self-healing control, gives an insight into the role of self-healing in distribution system advantages, study challenges and opportunities in the prospect of utilities. The main contribution of this paper is demonstrating proposed architecture, control strategy for self-healing control system includes fault detection, fault localization, faulted area isolation, and power restoration in the electrical distribution system.
Leite, Leonardo H. M., do Couto Boaventura, Wallace, de Errico, Luciano, Machado Alessi, Pedro.  2019.  Self-Healing in Distribution Grids Supported by Photovoltaic Dispersed Generation in a Voltage Regulation Perspective. 2019 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference - Latin America (ISGT Latin America). :1–6.
Distributed Generation Photovoltaic Systems -DGPV - connected to the power distribution grid through electronic inverters can contribute, in an aggregate scenario, to the performance of several power system control functions, notably in self-healing and voltage regulation along a distribution feeder. This paper proposes the use of an optimization method for voltage regulation, focused on reactive power injection control, based on a comprehensive architecture model that coordinates multiple photovoltaic distributed sources to support grid reconfiguration after self-healing action. A sensitivity analysis regarding the performance of voltage regulation, based on a co-simulation of PSCAD and MatLab, shows the effectiveness of using dispersed generation sources to assist grid reconfiguration after disturbances caused by severe faults.