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2021-07-28
Aigner, Andreas, Khelil, Abdelmajid.  2020.  A Semantic Model-Based Security Engineering Framework for Cyber-Physical Systems. 2020 IEEE 19th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom). :1826—1833.
The coupling of safety-relevant embedded- and cyber-space components to build Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) extends the functionality and quality in many business domains, while also creating new ones. Prime examples like Internet of Things and Industry 4.0 enable new technologies and extend the service capabilities of physical entities by building a universe of connected devices. In addition to higher complexity, the coupling of these heterogeneous systems results in many new challenges, which should be addressed by engineers and administrators. Here, security represents a major challenge, which may be well addressed in cyber-space engineering, but less in embedded system or CPS design. Although model-based engineering provides significant benefits for system architects, like reducing complexity and automated analysis, as well as being considered as standard methodology in embedded systems design, the aspect of security may not have had a major role in traditional engineering concepts. Especially the characteristics of CPS, as well as the coupling of safety-relevant (physical) components with high-scalable entities of the cyber-space domain have an enormous impact on the overall level of security, based on the introduced side effects and uncertainties. Therefore, we aim to define a model-based security-engineering framework, which is tailored to the needs of CPS engineers. Hereby, we focus on the actual modeling process, the evaluation of security, as well as quantitatively expressing security of a deployed CPS. Overall and in contrast to other approaches, we shift the engineering concepts on a semantic level, which allows to address the proposed challenges in CPS in the most efficient way.
ISSN: 2324-9013
2021-07-07
Fan, Xiaosong.  2020.  Analysis of the Design of Digital Video Security Monitoring System Based on Bee Population Optimization Algorithm. 2020 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Information Systems and Computer Aided Education (ICISCAE). :339–342.
With the concept of “wireless city”, 3G, WIFI and other wireless network coverages have become more extensive. Data transmission rate has achieved a qualitative leap, providing feasibility for the implementation of mobile video surveillance solutions. The mobile video monitoring system based on the bee population optimization algorithm proposed in this paper makes up for the defects of traditional network video surveillance, and according to the video surveillance system monitoring command, the optimal visual effect of the current state of the observed object can be rendered quickly and steadily through the optimization of the camera linkage model and simulation analysis.
2021-06-02
Sun, Mingjing, Zhao, Chengcheng, He, Jianping.  2020.  Privacy-Preserving Correlated Data Publication with a Noise Adding Mechanism. 2020 IEEE 16th International Conference on Control Automation (ICCA). :494—499.
The privacy issue in data publication is critical and has been extensively studied. However, most of the existing works assume the data to be published is independent, i.e., the correlation among data is neglected. The correlation is unavoidable in data publication, which universally manifests intrinsic correlations owing to social, behavioral, and genetic relationships. In this paper, we investigate the privacy concern of data publication where deterministic and probabilistic correlations are considered, respectively. Specifically, (ε,δ)-multi-dimensional data-privacy (MDDP) is proposed to quantify the correlated data privacy. It characterizes the disclosure probability of the published data being jointly estimated with the correlation under a given accuracy. Then, we explore the effects of deterministic correlations on privacy disclosure. For deterministic correlations, it is shown that the successful disclosure rate with correlations increases compared to the one without knowing the correlation. Meanwhile, a closed-form solution of the optimal disclosure probability and the strict bound of privacy disclosure gain are derived. Extensive simulations on a real dataset verify our analytical results.
2021-04-08
Yang, Z., Sun, Q., Zhang, Y., Zhu, L., Ji, W..  2020.  Inference of Suspicious Co-Visitation and Co-Rating Behaviors and Abnormality Forensics for Recommender Systems. IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security. 15:2766—2781.
The pervasiveness of personalized collaborative recommender systems has shown the powerful capability in a wide range of E-commerce services such as Amazon, TripAdvisor, Yelp, etc. However, fundamental vulnerabilities of collaborative recommender systems leave space for malicious users to affect the recommendation results as the attackers desire. A vast majority of existing detection methods assume certain properties of malicious attacks are given in advance. In reality, improving the detection performance is usually constrained due to the challenging issues: (a) various types of malicious attacks coexist, (b) limited representations of malicious attack behaviors, and (c) practical evidences for exploring and spotting anomalies on real-world data are scarce. In this paper, we investigate a unified detection framework in an eye for an eye manner without being bothered by the details of the attacks. Firstly, co-visitation and co-rating graphs are constructed using association rules. Then, attribute representations of nodes are empirically developed from the perspectives of linkage pattern, structure-based property and inherent association of nodes. Finally, both attribute information and connective coherence of graph are combined in order to infer suspicious nodes. Extensive experiments on both synthetic and real-world data demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed detection approach compared with competing benchmarks. Additionally, abnormality forensics metrics including distribution of rating intention, time aggregation of suspicious ratings, degree distributions before as well as after removing suspicious nodes and time series analysis of historical ratings, are provided so as to discover interesting findings such as suspicious nodes (items or ratings) on real-world data.
2021-03-22
Yang, S., Liu, S., Huang, J., Su, H., Wang, H..  2020.  Control Conflict Suppressing and Stability Improving for an MMC Distributed Control System. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. 35:13735–13747.
Compared with traditional centralized control strategies, the distributed control systems significantly improve the flexibility and expandability of an modular multilevel converter (MMC). However, the stability issue in the MMC distributed control system with the presence of control loop coupling interactions is rarely discussed in existing research works. This article is to improve the stability of an MMC distributed control system by inhibiting the control conflict due to the coupling interactions among control loops with incomplete control information. By modeling the MMC distributed control system, the control loop coupling interactions are analyzed and the essential cause of control conflict is revealed. Accordingly, a control parameter design principle is proposed to effectively suppress the disturbances from the targeted control conflict and improve the MMC system stability. The rationality of the theoretical analysis and the effectiveness of the control parameter design principle are confirmed by simulation and experimental results.
2021-03-01
Golagha, M., Pretschner, A., Briand, L. C..  2020.  Can We Predict the Quality of Spectrum-based Fault Localization? 2020 IEEE 13th International Conference on Software Testing, Validation and Verification (ICST). :4–15.
Fault localization and repair are time-consuming and tedious. There is a significant and growing need for automated techniques to support such tasks. Despite significant progress in this area, existing fault localization techniques are not widely applied in practice yet and their effectiveness varies greatly from case to case. Existing work suggests new algorithms and ideas as well as adjustments to the test suites to improve the effectiveness of automated fault localization. However, important questions remain open: Why is the effectiveness of these techniques so unpredictable? What are the factors that influence the effectiveness of fault localization? Can we accurately predict fault localization effectiveness? In this paper, we try to answer these questions by collecting 70 static, dynamic, test suite, and fault-related metrics that we hypothesize are related to effectiveness. Our analysis shows that a combination of only a few static, dynamic, and test metrics enables the construction of a prediction model with excellent discrimination power between levels of effectiveness (eight metrics yielding an AUC of .86; fifteen metrics yielding an AUC of.88). The model hence yields a practically useful confidence factor that can be used to assess the potential effectiveness of fault localization. Given that the metrics are the most influential metrics explaining the effectiveness of fault localization, they can also be used as a guide for corrective actions on code and test suites leading to more effective fault localization.
2020-12-21
Zhu, Y., Wang, N., Liu, C., Zhang, Y..  2020.  A Review of the Approaches to Improve The Effective Coupling Coefficient of AlN based RF MEMS Resonators. 2020 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics (IFCS-ISAF). :1–2.
This work reviews various methods which improve the effective coupling coefficient ( k2eff) of non-bulk acoustic wave (BAW) aluminum nitride (AlN) based RF MEMS resonators, mainly focusing on the innovative structural design of the resonators. k2eff is the key parameter for a resonator in communication applications because it measures the achievable fractional bandwidth of the filter constructed. The resonator's configuration, dimension, material stack and the fabrication process will all have impact on its k2eff. In this paper, the authors will review the efforts in improving the k2eff of piezoelectric MEMS resonators from research community in the past 15 years, mainly from the following three approaches: coupling lateral wave with vertical wave, exciting two-dimensional (2-D) lateral wave, as well as coupling 2-D lateral wave with vertical wave. The material will be limited to AlN family, which is proven to be manageable for manufacturing. The authors will also try to make recommendations to the effectiveness of various approaches and the path forward.
2020-12-11
Huang, S., Chuang, T., Huang, S., Ban, T..  2019.  Malicious URL Linkage Analysis and Common Pattern Discovery. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data). :3172—3179.

Malicious domain names are consistently changing. It is challenging to keep blacklists of malicious domain names up-to-date because of the time lag between its creation and detection. Even if a website is clean itself, it does not necessarily mean that it won't be used as a pivot point to redirect users to malicious destinations. To address this issue, this paper demonstrates how to use linkage analysis and open-source threat intelligence to visualize the relationship of malicious domain names whilst verifying their categories, i.e., drive-by download, unwanted software etc. Featured by a graph-based model that could present the inter-connectivity of malicious domain names in a dynamic fashion, the proposed approach proved to be helpful for revealing the group patterns of different kinds of malicious domain names. When applied to analyze a blacklisted set of URLs in a real enterprise network, it showed better effectiveness than traditional methods and yielded a clearer view of the common patterns in the data.

2020-12-02
Islam, S., Welzl, M., Gjessing, S..  2019.  How to Control a TCP: Minimally-Invasive Congestion Management for Datacenters. 2019 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC). :121—125.

In multi-tenant datacenters, the hardware may be homogeneous but the traffic often is not. For instance, customers who pay an equal amount of money can get an unequal share of the bottleneck capacity when they do not open the same number of TCP connections. To address this problem, several recent proposals try to manipulate the traffic that TCP sends from the VMs. VCC and AC/DC are two new mechanisms that let the hypervisor control traffic by influencing the TCP receiver window (rwnd). This avoids changing the guest OS, but has limitations (it is not possible to make TCP increase its rate faster than it normally would). Seawall, on the other hand, completely rewrites TCP's congestion control, achieving fairness but requiring significant changes to both the hypervisor and the guest OS. There seems to be a need for a middle ground: a method to control TCP's sending rate without requiring a complete redesign of its congestion control. We introduce a minimally-invasive solution that is flexible enough to cater for needs ranging from weighted fairness in multi-tenant datacenters to potentially offering Internet-wide benefits from reduced interflow competition.

Wang, C., Huang, N., Sun, L., Wen, G..  2018.  A Titration Mechanism Based Congestion Model. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security Companion (QRS-C). :491—496.

Congestion diffusion resulting from the coupling by resource competing is a kind of typical failure propagation in network systems. The existing models of failure propagation mainly focused on the coupling by direct physical connection between nodes, the most efficiency path, or dependence group, while the coupling by resource competing is ignored. In this paper, a model of network congestion diffusion with resource competing is proposed. With the analysis of the similarities to resource competing in biomolecular network, the model describing the dynamic changing process of biomolecule concentration based on titration mechanism provides reference for our model. Then the innovation on titration mechanism is proposed to describe the dynamic changing process of link load in networks, and a novel congestion model is proposed. By this model, the global congestion can be evaluated. Simulations show that network congestion with resource competing can be obtained from our model.

Islam, S., Welzl, M., Hiorth, K., Hayes, D., Armitage, G., Gjessing, S..  2018.  ctrlTCP: Reducing latency through coupled, heterogeneous multi-flow TCP congestion control. IEEE INFOCOM 2018 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS). :214—219.

We present ctrlTCP, a method to combine the congestion controls of multiple TCP connections. In contrast to the previous methods such as the Congestion Manager, ctrlTCP can couple all TCP flows that leave one sender, traverse a common bottleneck (e.g., a home user's thin uplink) and arrive at different destinations. Using ns-2 simulations and an implementation in the FreeBSD kernel, we show that our mechanism reduces queuing delay, packet loss, and short flow completion times while enabling precise allocation of the share of the available bandwidth between the connections according to the needs of the applications.

Islam, S., Welzl, M., Gjessing, S..  2018.  Lightweight and flexible single-path congestion control coupling. NOMS 2018 - 2018 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium. :1—6.

Communication between two Internet hosts using parallel connections may result in unwanted interference between the connections. In this dissertation, we propose a sender-side solution to address this problem by letting the congestion controllers of the different connections collaborate, correctly taking congestion control logic into account. Real-life experiments and simulations show that our solution works for a wide variety of congestion control mechanisms, provides great flexibility when allocating application traffic to the connections, and results in lower queuing delay and less packet loss.

2020-11-04
Al-Far, A., Qusef, A., Almajali, S..  2018.  Measuring Impact Score on Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability Using Code Metrics. 2018 International Arab Conference on Information Technology (ACIT). :1—9.

Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability are principal keys to build any secure software. Considering the security principles during the different software development phases would reduce software vulnerabilities. This paper measures the impact of the different software quality metrics on Confidentiality, Integrity, or Availability for any given object-oriented PHP application, which has a list of reported vulnerabilities. The National Vulnerability Database was used to provide the impact score on confidentiality, integrity, and availability for the reported vulnerabilities on the selected applications. This paper includes a study for these scores and its correlation with 25 code metrics for the given vulnerable source code. The achieved results were able to correlate 23.7% of the variability in `Integrity' to four metrics: Vocabulary Used in Code, Card and Agresti, Intelligent Content, and Efferent Coupling metrics. The Length (Halstead metric) could alone predict about 24.2 % of the observed variability in ` Availability'. The results indicate no significant correlation of `Confidentiality' with the tested code metrics.

2020-10-05
Kanellopoulos, Aris, Vamvoudakis, Kyriakos G., Gupta, Vijay.  2019.  Decentralized Verification for Dissipativity of Cascade Interconnected Systems. 2019 IEEE 58th Conference on Decision and Control (CDC). :3629—3634.

In this paper, we consider the problem of decentralized verification for large-scale cascade interconnections of linear subsystems such that dissipativity properties of the overall system are guaranteed with minimum knowledge of the dynamics. In order to achieve compositionality, we distribute the verification process among the individual subsystems, which utilize limited information received locally from their immediate neighbors. Furthermore, to obviate the need for full knowledge of the subsystem parameters, each decentralized verification rule employs a model-free learning structure; a reinforcement learning algorithm that allows for online evaluation of the appropriate storage function that can be used to verify dissipativity of the system up to that point. Finally, we show how the interconnection can be extended by adding learning-enabled subsystems while ensuring dissipativity.

2020-09-14
Du, Jia, Wang, Zhe, Yang, Junqiang, Song, Xiaofeng.  2019.  Research on Cognitive Linkage of Network Security Equipment. 2019 International Conference on Robots Intelligent System (ICRIS). :296–298.
To solve the problems of weak linkage ability and low intellectualization of strategy allocation in existing network security devices, a new method of cognitive linkage of network security equipment is proposed by learning from human brain. Firstly, the basic connotation and cognitive cycle of cognitive linkage are expounded. Secondly, the main functions of cognitive linkage are clarified. Finally, the cognitive linkage system model is constructed, and the information process flow of cognitive linkage is described. Cognitive linkage of network security equipment provides a new way to effectively enhance the overall protection capability of network security equipment.
2020-04-24
Ogale, Pushkar, Shin, Michael, Abeysinghe, Sasanka.  2018.  Identifying Security Spots for Data Integrity. 2018 IEEE 42nd Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC). 02:462—467.

This paper describes an approach to detecting malicious code introduced by insiders, which can compromise the data integrity in a program. The approach identifies security spots in a program, which are either malicious code or benign code. Malicious code is detected by reviewing each security spot to determine whether it is malicious or benign. The integrity breach conditions (IBCs) for object-oriented programs are specified to identify security spots in the programs. The IBCs are specified by means of the concepts of coupling within an object or between objects. A prototype tool is developed to validate the approach with a case study.

2020-03-09
Moukahal, Lama, Zulkernine, Mohammad.  2019.  Security Vulnerability Metrics for Connected Vehicles. 2019 IEEE 19th International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security Companion (QRS-C). :17–23.

Software integration in modern vehicles is continuously expanding. This is due to the fact that vehicle manufacturers are always trying to enhance and add more innovative and competitive features that may rely on complex software functionalities. However, these features come at a cost. They amplify the security vulnerabilities in vehicles and lead to more security issues in today's automobiles. As a result, the need for identifying vulnerable components in a vehicle software system has become crucial. Security experts need to know which components of the vehicle software system can be exploited for attacks and should focus their testing and inspection efforts on it. Nevertheless, it is a challenging and costly task to identify these weak components in a vehicle's system. In this paper, we propose some security vulnerability metrics for connected vehicles that aim to assist software testers during the development life-cycle in order to identify the frail links that put the vehicle at highsecurity risks. Vulnerable function assessment can give software testers a good idea about which components in a connected vehicle need to be prioritized in order to mitigate the risk and hence secure the vehicle. The proposed metrics were applied to OpenPilot - a software that provides Autopilot feature - and has been integrated with 48 different vehicles.. The application shows how the defined metrics can be effectively used to quantitatively measure the vulnerabilities of a vehicle software system.

2020-02-17
Guo, Qingrui, Xie, Peng, Li, Feng, Guo, Xuerang, Li, Yutao, Ma, Lin.  2019.  Research on Linkage Model of Network Resource Survey and Vulnerability Detection in Power Information System. 2019 IEEE 3rd Information Technology, Networking, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (ITNEC). :1068–1071.
this paper first analyses the new challenges of power information network management, difficulties of the power information network resource survey and vulnerability detection are proposed. Then, a linkage model of network resource survey and vulnerability detection is designed, and the framework of three modules in the model is described, meanwhile the process of network resources survey and vulnerability detection linkage is proposed. Finally, the implementation technologies are given corresponding to the main functions of each module.
2020-01-13
Zhao, Xuanyi, Cassella, Cristian.  2019.  On the Coupling Coefficient of ScyAl1-yN-based Piezoelectric Acoustic Resonators. 2019 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and European Frequency and Time Forum (EFTF/IFC). :1–4.
This work investigates the electromechanical coupling coefficient (kt2) attained by two available piezoelectric acoustic resonator technologies relying on Aluminum Scandium Nitride (ScyAl1-yN) films to operate. In particular, by using a theoretical approach, we extracted the maximum kt2-value attainable, for different scandium-doping concentrations (from 0% to 40%), by Film-Bulk-Acoustic-Resonators (FBARs) and Cross-Sectional-Lamé-Mode Resonators (CLMRs). For the first time, we show how the use of higher scandium doping concentrations can render the kt2 of CLMRs higher (35%) than the one attained by FBARs (28%). Such a unique feature renders CLMRs as ideal candidates to form lithographically defined resonators and filters for next-generation wideband radiofrequency (RF) front-ends.
2019-01-16
Azhagumurgan, R., Sivaraman, K., Ramachandran, S. S., Yuvaraj, R., Veeraraghavan, A. K..  2018.  Design and Development of Acoustic Power Transfer Using Infrasonic Sound. 2018 International Conference on Power, Energy, Control and Transmission Systems (ICPECTS). :43–46.
Wireless transmission of power has been in research for over a century. Our project aims at transmitting electric power over a distance of room. Various methods using microwaves, lasers, inductive coupling, capacitive coupling and acoustic medium have been used. In our project, we are majorly focusing on acoustic method of transferring power. Previous attempts of transferring power using acoustic methods have employed the usage of ultrasonic sound. In our project, we are using infrasonic sound as a medium to transfer electrical power. For this purpose, we are using suitable transducers and converters to transmit electric power from the 220V AC power supply to a load over a considerable distance. This technology can be used to wirelessly charge various devices more effectively.
2018-12-10
Pulparambil, S., Baghdadi, Y., Al-Hamdani, A., Al-Badawi, M..  2018.  Service Design Metrics to Predict IT-Based Drivers of Service Oriented Architecture Adoption. 2018 9th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). :1–7.

The key factors for deploying successful services is centered on the service design practices adopted by an enterprise. The design level information should be validated and measures are required to quantify the structural attributes. The metrics at this stage will support an early discovery of design flaws and help designers to predict the capabilities of service oriented architecture (SOA) adoption. In this work, we take a deeper look at how we can forecast the key SOA capabilities infrastructure efficiency and service reuse from the service designs modeled by SOA modeling language. The proposed approach defines metrics based on the structural and domain level similarity of service operations. The proposed metrics are analytically validated with respect to software engineering metrics properties. Moreover, a tool has been developed to automate the proposed approach and the results indicate that the metrics predict the SOA capabilities at the service design stage. This work can be further extended to predict the business based capabilities of SOA adoption such as flexibility and agility.

2018-09-05
Teusner, R., Matthies, C., Giese, P..  2017.  Should I Bug You? Identifying Domain Experts in Software Projects Using Code Complexity Metrics 2017 IEEE International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security (QRS). :418–425.
In any sufficiently complex software system there are experts, having a deeper understanding of parts of the system than others. However, it is not always clear who these experts are and which particular parts of the system they can provide help with. We propose a framework to elicit the expertise of developers and recommend experts by analyzing complexity measures over time. Furthermore, teams can detect those parts of the software for which currently no, or only few experts exist and take preventive actions to keep the collective code knowledge and ownership high. We employed the developed approach at a medium-sized company. The results were evaluated with a survey, comparing the perceived and the computed expertise of developers. We show that aggregated code metrics can be used to identify experts for different software components. The identified experts were rated as acceptable candidates by developers in over 90% of all cases.
2018-06-11
Chen, C. W., Chang, S. Y., Hu, Y. C., Chen, Y. W..  2017.  Protecting vehicular networks privacy in the presence of a single adversarial authority. 2017 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). :1–9.

In vehicular networks, each message is signed by the generating node to ensure accountability for the contents of that message. For privacy reasons, each vehicle uses a collection of certificates, which for accountability reasons are linked at a central authority. One such design is the Security Credential Management System (SCMS) [1], which is the leading credential management system in the US. The SCMS is composed of multiple components, each of which has a different task for key management, which are logically separated. The SCMS is designed to ensure privacy against a single insider compromise, or against outside adversaries. In this paper, we demonstrate that the current SCMS design fails to achieve its design goal, showing that a compromised authority can gain substantial information about certificate linkages. We propose a solution that accommodates threshold-based detection, but uses relabeling and noise to limit the information that can be learned from a single insider adversary. We also analyze our solution using techniques from differential privacy and validate it using traffic-simulator based experiments. Our results show that our proposed solution prevents privacy information leakage against the compromised authority in collusion with outsider attackers.

2017-12-28
Stanić, B., Afzal, W..  2017.  Process Metrics Are Not Bad Predictors of Fault Proneness. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security Companion (QRS-C). :493–499.

The correct prediction of faulty modules or classes has a number of advantages such as improving the quality of software and assigning capable development resources to fix such faults. There have been different kinds of fault/defect prediction models proposed in literature, but a great majority of them makes use of static code metrics as independent variables for making predictions. Recently, process metrics have gained a considerable attention as alternative metrics to use for making trust-worthy predictions. The objective of this paper is to investigate different combinations of static code and process metrics for evaluating fault prediction performance. We have used publicly available data sets, along with a frequently used classifier, Naive Bayes, to run our experiments. We have, both statistically and visually, analyzed our experimental results. The statistical analysis showed evidence against any significant difference in fault prediction performances for a variety of different combinations of metrics. This reinforced earlier research results that process metrics are as good as predictors of fault proneness as static code metrics. Furthermore, the visual inspection of box plots revealed that the best set of metrics for fault prediction is a mix of both static code and process metrics. We also presented evidence in support of some process metrics being more discriminating than others and thus making them as good predictors to use.

2017-12-20
Raiola, P., Erb, D., Reddy, S. M., Becker, B..  2017.  Accurate Diagnosis of Interconnect Open Defects Based on the Robust Enhanced Aggressor Victim Model. 2017 30th International Conference on VLSI Design and 2017 16th International Conference on Embedded Systems (VLSID). :135–140.

Interconnect opens are known to be one of the predominant defects in nanoscale technologies. Automatic test pattern generation for open faults is challenging, because of their rather unstable behavior and the numerous electrical parameters which need to be considered. Thus, most approaches try to avoid accurate modeling of all constraints like the influence of the aggressors on the open net and use simplified fault models in order to detect as many faults as possible or make assumptions which decrease both complexity and accuracy. Yet, this leads to the problem that not only generated tests may be invalidated but also the localization of a specific fault may fail - in case such a model is used as basis for diagnosis. Furthermore, most of the models do not consider the problem of oscillating behavior, caused by feedback introduced by coupling capacitances, which occurs in almost all designs. In [1], the Robust Enhanced Aggressor Victim Model (REAV) and in [2] an extension to address the problem of oscillating behavior were introduced. The resulting model does not only consider the influence of all aggressors accurately but also guarantees robustness against oscillating behavior as well as process variations affecting the thresholds of gates driven by an open interconnect. In this work we present the first diagnostic classification algorithm for this model. This algorithm considers all constraints enforced by the REAV model accurately - and hence handles unknown values as well as oscillating behavior. In addition, it allows to distinguish faults at the same interconnect and thus reducing the area that has to be considered for physical failure analysis. Experimental results show the high efficiency of the new method handling circuits with up to 500,000 non-equivalent faults and considerably increasing the diagnostic resolution.