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Li, Shijie, Liu, Junjiao, Pan, Zhiwen, Lv, Shichao, Si, Shuaizong, Sun, Limin.  2022.  Anomaly Detection based on Robust Spatial-temporal Modeling for Industrial Control Systems. 2022 IEEE 19th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Smart Systems (MASS). :355—363.
Industrial Control Systems (ICS) are increasingly facing the threat of False Data Injection (FDI) attacks. As an emerging intrusion detection scheme for ICS, process-based Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) can effectively detect the anomalies caused by FDI attacks. Specifically, such IDS establishes anomaly detection model which can describe the normal pattern of industrial processes, then perform real-time anomaly detection on industrial process data. However, this method suffers low detection accuracy due to the complexity and instability of industrial processes. That is, the process data inherently contains sophisticated nonlinear spatial-temporal correlations which are hard to be explicitly described by anomaly detection model. In addition, the noise and disturbance in process data prevent the IDS from distinguishing the real anomaly events. In this paper, we propose an Anomaly Detection approach based on Robust Spatial-temporal Modeling (AD-RoSM). Concretely, to explicitly describe the spatial-temporal correlations within the process data, a neural based state estimation model is proposed by utilizing 1D CNN for temporal modeling and multi-head self attention mechanism for spatial modeling. To perform robust anomaly detection in the presence of noise and disturbance, a composite anomaly discrimination model is designed so that the outputs of the state estimation model can be analyzed with a combination of threshold strategy and entropy-based strategy. We conducted extensive experiments on two benchmark ICS security datasets to demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach.
Qi, Jiaqi, Meng, Hao, Ye, Jun.  2022.  A Research on the Selection of Cooperative Enterprises in School-Enterprise Joint Cryptography Laboratory. 2022 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Everything (AIE). :659—663.
In order to better cultivate engineering and application-oriented cryptographic talents, it is urgent to establish a joint school enterprise cryptographic laboratory. However, there is a core problem in the existing school enterprise joint laboratory construction scheme: the enterprise is not specialized and has insufficient cooperation ability, which can not effectively realize the effective integration of resources and mutual benefit and win-win results. To solve this problem, we propose a comprehensive evaluation model of cooperative enterprises based on entropy weight method and grey correlation analysis. Firstly, the multi-level evaluation index system of the enterprise is established, and the entropy weight method is used to objectively weight the index. After that, the grey weighted correlation degree between each enterprise and the virtual optimal enterprise is calculated by grey correlation analysis to compare the advantages and disadvantages of enterprises. Through the example analysis, it is proved that our method is effective and reliable, eliminating subjective factors, and providing a certain reference value for the construction of school enterprise joint cryptographic laboratory.
Yahya, Muhammad, Abdullah, Saleem, Almagrabi, Alaa Omran, Botmart, Thongchai.  2022.  Analysis of S-Box Based on Image Encryption Application Using Complex Fuzzy Credibility Frank Aggregation Operators. IEEE Access. 10:88858—88871.
This article is about a criterion based on credibility complex fuzzy set (CCFS) to study the prevailing substitution boxes (S-box) and learn their properties to find out their suitability in image encryption applications. Also these criterion has its own properties which is discussed in detailed and on the basis of these properties we have to find the best optimal results and decide the suitability of an S-box to image encryption applications. S-box is the only components which produces the confusion in the every block cipher in the formation of image encryption. So, for this first we have to convert the matrix having color image using the nonlinear components and also using the proposed algebraic structure of credibility complex fuzzy set to find the best S-box for image encryption based on its criterion. The analyses show that the readings of GRAY S-box is very good for image data.
Nguyen, Bien-Cuong, Pham, Cong-Kha.  2022.  A Combined Blinding-Shuffling Online Template Attacks Countermeasure Based on Randomized Domain Montgomery Multiplication. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE). :1—6.
Online template attacks (OTA), high-efficiency side-channel attacks, are initially presented to attack the elliptic curve scalar. The modular exponentiation is similarly vulnerable to OTA. The correlation between modular multiplication's intermediate products is a crucial leakage of the modular exponent. This paper proposed a practical OTA countermeasure based on randomized domain Montgomery multiplication, which combines blinding and shuffling methods to eliminate the correlation between modular multiplication's inner products without additional computation requirements. The proposed OTA countermeasure is implemented on the Sakura-G board with a suppose that the target board and template board are identical. The experiment results show that the proposed countermeasure is sufficient to protect the modular exponentiation from OTA.
Yao, Jianbo, Yang, Chaoqiong, Zhang, Tao.  2022.  Safe and Effective Elliptic Curve Cryptography Algorithm against Power Analysis. 2022 IEEE 2nd International Conference on Power, Electronics and Computer Applications (ICPECA). :393–397.
Having high safety and effective computational property, the elliptic curve cryptosystem is very suitable for embedded mobile environment with resource constraints. Power attack is a powerful cipher attack method, it uses leaking information of cipher-chip in its operation process to attack chip cryptographic algorithms. In view of the situation that the power attack on the elliptic curve cryptosystem mainly concentrates on scalar multiplication operation an improved algorithm FWNAF based on RWNAF is proposed. This algorithm utilizes the fragments window technology further improves the utilization ratio of the storage resource and reduces the “jitter phenomenon” in system computing performance caused by the sharp change in system resources.
Xiang, Peng, Peng, ChengWei, Li, Qingshan.  2022.  Hierarchical Association Features Learning for Network Traffic Recognition. 2022 International Conference on Information Processing and Network Provisioning (ICIPNP). :129—133.
With the development of network technology, identifying specific traffic has become important in network monitoring and security. However, designing feature sets that can accurately describe network traffic is still an urgent problem. Most of existing researches cannot realize effectively the identification of targets, and don't perform well in the complex and dynamic network environment. Aiming at these problems, we propose a novel method in this paper, which learns correlation features of network traffic based on the hierarchical structure. Firstly, the method learns the spatial-temporal features using convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and the bidirectional long short-term memory networks (Bi-LSTMs), then builds network topology to capture dependency characteristics between sessions and learns the context-related features through the graph attention networks (GATs). Finally, the network traffic session is classified using a fully connected network. The experimental results show that our method can effectively improve the detection ability and achieve a better classification performance overall.
Lu, Xiaotian, Piao, Chunhui, Han, Jianghe.  2022.  Differential Privacy High-dimensional Data Publishing Method Based on Bayesian Network. 2022 International Conference on Computer Engineering and Artificial Intelligence (ICCEAI). :623–627.
Ensuring high data availability while realizing privacy protection is a research hotspot in the field of privacy-preserving data publishing. In view of the instability of data availability in the existing differential privacy high-dimensional data publishing methods based on Bayesian networks, this paper proposes an improved MEPrivBayes privacy-preserving data publishing method, which is mainly improved from two aspects. Firstly, in view of the structural instability caused by the random selection of Bayesian first nodes, this paper proposes a method of first node selection and Bayesian network construction based on the Maximum Information Coefficient Matrix. Then, this paper proposes a privacy budget elastic allocation algorithm: on the basis of pre-setting differential privacy budget coefficients for all branch nodes and all leaf nodes in Bayesian network, the influence of branch nodes on their child nodes and the average correlation degree between leaf nodes and all other nodes are calculated, then get a privacy budget strategy. The SVM multi-classifier is constructed with privacy preserving data as training data set, and the original data set is used as input to evaluate the prediction accuracy in this paper. The experimental results show that the MEPrivBayes method proposed in this paper has higher data availability than the classical PrivBayes method. Especially when the privacy budget is small (noise is large), the availability of the data published by MEPrivBayes decreases less.
Rajin, S M Ataul Karim, Murshed, Manzur, Paul, Manoranjan, Teng, Shyh Wei, Ma, Jiangang.  2022.  Human pose based video compression via forward-referencing using deep learning. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Visual Communications and Image Processing (VCIP). :1–5.

To exploit high temporal correlations in video frames of the same scene, the current frame is predicted from the already-encoded reference frames using block-based motion estimation and compensation techniques. While this approach can efficiently exploit the translation motion of the moving objects, it is susceptible to other types of affine motion and object occlusion/deocclusion. Recently, deep learning has been used to model the high-level structure of human pose in specific actions from short videos and then generate virtual frames in future time by predicting the pose using a generative adversarial network (GAN). Therefore, modelling the high-level structure of human pose is able to exploit semantic correlation by predicting human actions and determining its trajectory. Video surveillance applications will benefit as stored “big” surveillance data can be compressed by estimating human pose trajectories and generating future frames through semantic correlation. This paper explores a new way of video coding by modelling human pose from the already-encoded frames and using the generated frame at the current time as an additional forward-referencing frame. It is expected that the proposed approach can overcome the limitations of the traditional backward-referencing frames by predicting the blocks containing the moving objects with lower residuals. Our experimental results show that the proposed approach can achieve on average up to 2.83 dB PSNR gain and 25.93% bitrate savings for high motion video sequences compared to standard video coding.

ISSN: 2642-9357

Pavan Kumar, R Sai, Chand, K Gopi, Krishna, M Vamsi, Nithin, B Gowtham, Roshini, A, Swetha, K.  2022.  Enhanced DDOS Attack Detection Algorithm to Increase Network Lifetime in Cloud Environment. 2022 8th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS). 1:1783–1787.
DDoS attacks, one of the oldest forms of cyberthreats, continue to be a favorite tool of mass interruption, presenting cybersecurity hazards to practically every type of company, large and small. As a matter of fact, according to IDC, DDoS attacks are predicted to expand at an 18 percent compound annual growth rate (CAGR) through 2023, indicating that it is past time to enhance investment in strong mitigation systems. And while some firms may assume they are limited targets for a DDoS assault, the amount of structured internet access to power corporation services and apps exposes everyone to downtime and poor performance if the infrastructure is not protected against such attacks. We propose using correlations between missing packets to increase detection accuracy. Furthermore, to ensure that these correlations are calculated correctly.
ISSN: 2575-7288
Wang, Xuyang, Hu, Aiqun, Huang, Yongming, Fan, Xiangning.  2022.  The spatial cross-correlation of received voltage envelopes under non-line-of-sight. 2022 4th International Conference on Communications, Information System and Computer Engineering (CISCE). :303—308.
Physical-layer key (PLK) generation scheme is a new key generation scheme based on wireless channel reciprocity. However, the security of physical layer keys still lacks sufficient theoretical support in the presence of eavesdropping attacks until now, which affects the promotion in practical applications. By analyzing the propagation mode of multipath signals under non-line-of-sight (nLoS), an improved spatial cross-correlation model is constructed, where the spatial cross-correlation is between eavesdropping channel and legitimate channel. Results show that compared with the multipath and obstacle distribution of the channel, the azimuth and distance between the eavesdropper and the eavesdropped user have a greater impact on the cross-correlation.
Qin, Shuying, Fang, Chongrong, He, Jianping.  2022.  Towards Characterization of General Conditions for Correlated Differential Privacy. 2022 IEEE 19th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Smart Systems (MASS). :364–372.
Differential privacy is a widely-used metric, which provides rigorous privacy definitions and strong privacy guarantees. Much of the existing studies on differential privacy are based on datasets where the tuples are independent, and thus are not suitable for correlated data protection. In this paper, we focus on correlated differential privacy, by taking the data correlations and the prior knowledge of the initial data into account. The data correlations are modeled by Bayesian conditional probabilities, and the prior knowledge refers to the exact values of the data. We propose general correlated differential privacy conditions for the discrete and continuous random noise-adding mechanisms, respectively. In case that the conditions are inaccurate due to the insufficient prior knowledge, we introduce the tuple dependence based on rough set theory to improve the correlated differential privacy conditions. The obtained theoretical results reveal the relationship between the correlations and the privacy parameters. Moreover, the improved privacy condition helps strengthen the mechanism utility. Finally, evaluations are conducted over a micro-grid system to verify the privacy protection levels and utility guaranteed by correlated differential private mechanisms.
ISSN: 2155-6814
Jiang, Zhenghong.  2022.  Source Code Vulnerability Mining Method based on Graph Neural Network. 2022 IEEE 2nd International Conference on Electronic Technology, Communication and Information (ICETCI). :1177–1180.
Vulnerability discovery is an important field of computer security research and development today. Because most of the current vulnerability discovery methods require large-scale manual auditing, and the code parsing process is cumbersome and time-consuming, the vulnerability discovery effect is reduced. Therefore, for the uncertainty of vulnerability discovery itself, it is the most basic tool design principle that auxiliary security analysts cannot completely replace them. The purpose of this paper is to study the source code vulnerability discovery method based on graph neural network. This paper analyzes the three processes of data preparation, source code vulnerability mining and security assurance of the source code vulnerability mining method, and also analyzes the suspiciousness and particularity of the experimental results. The empirical analysis results show that the types of traditional source code vulnerability mining methods become more concise and convenient after using graph neural network technology, and we conducted a survey and found that more than 82% of people felt that the design source code vulnerability mining method used When it comes to graph neural networks, it is found that the design efficiency has become higher.
Sahlabadi, Mahdi, Saberikamarposhti, Morteza, Muniyandi, Ravie Chandren, Shukur, Zarina.  2022.  Using Cycling 3D Chaotic Map and DNA Sequences for Introducing a Novel Algorithm for Color Image Encryption. 2022 International Conference on Cyber Resilience (ICCR). :1–7.
Today, social communication through the Internet has become more popular and has become a crucial part of our daily life. Naturally, sending and receiving various data through the Internet has also grown a lot. Keeping important data secure in transit has become a challenge for individuals and even organizations. Therefore, the trinity of confidentiality, integrity, and availability will be essential, and encryption will definitely be one of the best solutions to this problem. Of course, for image data, it will not be possible to use conventional encryption methods for various reasons, such as the redundancy of image data, the strong correlation of adj acent pixels, and the large volume of image data. Therefore, special methods were developed for image encryption. Among the prevalent methods for image encryption is the use of DNA sequences as well as chaos signals. In this paper, a cycling 3D chaotic map and DNA sequences are used to present a new method for color image encryption. Several experimental analyses were performed on the proposed method, and the results proved that the presented method is secure and efficient.
Magfirawaty, Magfirawaty, Budi Setiawan, Fauzan, Yusuf, Muhammad, Kurniandi, Rizki, Nafis, Raihan Fauzan, Hayati, Nur.  2022.  Principal Component Analysis and Data Encryption Model for Face Recognition System. 2022 2nd International Conference on Electronic and Electrical Engineering and Intelligent System (ICE3IS). :381–386.

Face recognition is a biometric technique that uses a computer or machine to facilitate the recognition of human faces. The advantage of this technique is that it can detect faces without direct contact with the device. In its application, the security of face recognition data systems is still not given much attention. Therefore, this study proposes a technique for securing data stored in the face recognition system database. It implements the Viola-Jones Algorithm, the Kanade-Lucas-Tomasi Algorithm (KLT), and the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) algorithm by applying a database security algorithm using XOR encryption. Several tests and analyzes have been performed with this method. The histogram analysis results show no visual information related to encrypted images with plain images. In addition, the correlation value between the encrypted and plain images is weak, so it has high security against statistical attacks with an entropy value of around 7.9. The average time required to carry out the introduction process is 0.7896 s.

Chapman, Jon, Venugopalan, Hari.  2022.  Open Source Software Computed Risk Framework. 2022 IEEE 17th International Conference on Computer Sciences and Information Technologies (CSIT). :172–175.
The increased dissemination of open source software to a broader audience has led to a proportional increase in the dissemination of vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities are introduced by developers, some intentionally or negligently. In this paper, we work to quantity the relative risk that a given developer represents to a software project. We propose using empirical software engineering based analysis on the vast data made available by GitHub to create a Developer Risk Score (DRS) for prolific contributors on GitHub. The DRS can then be aggregated across a project as a derived vulnerability assessment, we call this the Computational Vulnerability Assessment Score (CVAS). The CVAS represents the correlation between the Developer Risk score across projects and vulnerabilities attributed to those projects. We believe this to be a contribution in trying to quantity risk introduced by specific developers across open source projects. Both of the risk scores, those for contributors and projects, are derived from an amalgamation of data, both from GitHub and outside GitHub. We seek to provide this risk metric as a force multiplier for the project maintainers that are responsible for reviewing code contributions. We hope this will lead to a reduction in the number of introduced vulnerabilities for projects in the Open Source ecosystem.
ISSN: 2766-3639
Hata, Yuya, Hayashi, Naoki, Makino, Yusuke, Takada, Atsushi, Yamagoe, Kyoko.  2022.  Alarm Correlation Method Using Bayesian Network in Telecommunications Networks. 2022 23rd Asia-Pacific Network Operations and Management Symposium (APNOMS). :1–4.
In the operation of information technology (IT) services, operators monitor the equipment-issued alarms, to locate the cause of a failure and take action. Alarms generate simultaneously from multiple devices with physical/logical connections. Therefore, if the time and location of the alarms are close to each other, it can be judged that the alarms are likely to be caused by the same event. In this paper, we propose a method that takes a novel approach by correlating alarms considering event units using a Bayesian network based on alarm generation time, generation place, and alarm type. The topology information becomes a critical decision element when doing the alarm correlation. However, errors may occur when topology information updates manually during failures or construction. Therefore, we show that event-by-event correlation with 100% accuracy is possible even if the topology information is 25% wrong by taking into location information other than topology information.
ISSN: 2576-8565
Jiang, Linlang, Zhou, Jingbo, Xu, Tong, Li, Yanyan, Chen, Hao, Dou, Dejing.  2022.  Time-aware Neural Trip Planning Reinforced by Human Mobility. 2022 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN). :1–8.
Trip planning, which targets at planning a trip consisting of several ordered Points of Interest (POIs) under user-provided constraints, has long been treated as an important application for location-based services. The goal of trip planning is to maximize the chance that the users will follow the planned trip while it is difficult to directly quantify and optimize the chance. Conventional methods either leverage statistical analysis to rank POIs to form a trip or generate trips following pre-defined objectives based on constraint programming to bypass such a problem. However, these methods may fail to reflect the complex latent patterns hidden in the human mobility data. On the other hand, though there are a few deep learning-based trip recommendation methods, these methods still cannot handle the time budget constraint so far. To this end, we propose a TIme-aware Neural Trip Planning (TINT) framework to tackle the above challenges. First of all, we devise a novel attention-based encoder-decoder trip generator that can learn the correlations among POIs and generate trips under given constraints. Then, we propose a specially-designed reinforcement learning (RL) paradigm to directly optimize the objective to obtain an optimal trip generator. For this purpose, we introduce a discriminator, which distinguishes the generated trips from real-life trips taken by users, to provide reward signals to optimize the generator. Subsequently, to ensure the feedback from the discriminator is always instructive, we integrate an adversarial learning strategy into the RL paradigm to update the trip generator and the discriminator alternately. Moreover, we devise a novel pre-training schema to speed up the convergence for an efficient training process. Extensive experiments on four real-world datasets validate the effectiveness and efficiency of our framework, which shows that TINT could remarkably outperform the state-of-the-art baselines within short response time.
ISSN: 2161-4407
Shrestha, Raj, Leinonen, Juho, Zavgorodniaia, Albina, Hellas, Arto, Edwards, John.  2022.  Pausing While Programming: Insights From Keystroke Analysis. 2022 IEEE/ACM 44th International Conference on Software Engineering: Software Engineering Education and Training (ICSE-SEET). :187–198.
Pauses in typing are generally considered to indicate cognitive processing and so are of interest in educational contexts. While much prior work has looked at typing behavior of Computer Science students, this paper presents results of a study specifically on the pausing behavior of students in Introductory Computer Programming. We investigate the frequency of pauses of different lengths, what last actions students take before pausing, and whether there is a correlation between pause length and performance in the course. We find evidence that frequency of pauses of all lengths is negatively correlated with performance, and that, while some keystrokes initiate pauses consistently across pause lengths, other keystrokes more commonly initiate short or long pauses. Clustering analysis discovers two groups of students, one that takes relatively fewer mid-to-long pauses and performs better on exams than the other.
Ding, Shijun, Wang, An, Sun, Shaofei, Ding, Yaoling, Hou, Xintian, Han, Dong.  2022.  Correlation Power Analysis and Protected Implementation on Lightweight Block Cipher FESH. 2022 IEEE 8th Intl Conference on Big Data Security on Cloud (BigDataSecurity), IEEE Intl Conference on High Performance and Smart Computing, (HPSC) and IEEE Intl Conference on Intelligent Data and Security (IDS). :29–34.
With the development of the Internet of Things (IoT), the demand for lightweight cipher came into being. At the same time, the security of lightweight cipher has attracted more and more attention. FESH algorithm is a lightweight cipher proposed in 2019. Relevant studies have proved that it has strong ability to resist differential attack and linear attack, but its research on resisting side-channel attack is still blank. In this paper, we first introduce a correlation power analysis for FESH algorithm and prove its effectiveness by experiments. Then we propose a mask scheme for FESH algorithm, and prove the security of the mask. According to the experimental results, protected FESH only costs 8.6%, 72.3%, 16.7% of extra time, code and RAM.
Agarwal, Shubham, Sable, Arjun, Sawant, Devesh, Kahalekar, Sunil, Hanawal, Manjesh K..  2022.  Threat Detection and Response in Linux Endpoints. 2022 14th International Conference on COMmunication Systems & NETworkS (COMSNETS). :447–449.
We demonstrate an in-house built Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) for linux systems using open-sourced tools like Osquery and Elastic. The advantage of building an in-house EDR tools against using commercial EDR tools provides both the knowledge and the technical capability to detect and investigate security incidents. We discuss the architecture of the tools and advantages it offers. Specifically, in our method all the endpoint logs are collected at a common server which we leverage to perform correlation between events happening on different endpoints and automatically detect threats like pivoting and lateral movements. We discuss various attacks that can be detected by our tool.
ISSN: 2155-2509
Nie, Leyao, He, Lin, Song, Guanglei, Gao, Hao, Li, Chenglong, Wang, Zhiliang, Yang, Jiahai.  2022.  Towards a Behavioral and Privacy Analysis of ECS for IPv6 DNS Resolvers. 2022 18th International Conference on Network and Service Management (CNSM). :303—309.
The Domain Name System (DNS) is critical to Internet communications. EDNS Client Subnet (ECS), a DNS extension, allows recursive resolvers to include client subnet information in DNS queries to improve CDN end-user mapping, extending the visibility of client information to a broader range. Major content delivery network (CDN) vendors, content providers (CP), and public DNS service providers (PDNS) are accelerating their IPv6 infrastructure development. With the increasing deployment of IPv6-enabled services and DNS being the most foundational system of the Internet, it becomes important to analyze the behavioral and privacy status of IPv6 resolvers. However, there is a lack of research on ECS for IPv6 DNS resolvers.In this paper, we study the ECS deployment and compliance status of IPv6 resolvers. Our measurement shows that 11.12% IPv6 open resolvers implement ECS. We discuss abnormal noncompliant scenarios that exist in both IPv6 and IPv4 that raise privacy and performance issues. Additionally, we measured if the sacrifice of clients’ privacy can enhance IPv6 CDN performance. We find that in some cases ECS helps end-user mapping but with an unnecessary privacy loss. And even worse, the exposure of client address information can sometimes backfire, which deserves attention from both Internet users and PDNSes.
Ying, Ma, Tingting, Zhou.  2022.  Data Interface Matching and Information Security Measurement of Scientific and Technological Innovation Measurement Analysis and Multi-Agent Economic MIS. 2022 International Conference on Edge Computing and Applications (ICECAA). :510–513.
This paper establishes a vector autoregressive model based on the current development status of the digital economy and studies the correlation between the digital economy and economic growth MIS from a dynamic perspective, and found that the digital economy has a strong supporting role in the growth of the total economic volume. The coordination degree model calculates the scientific and technological innovation capabilities of China's 30 provinces (except Tibet) from 2018 to 2022, and the coordination, green, open, and shared level of high-quality economic development. The basic principles of the composition of the security measurement are expounded, and the measurement information model can be used as a logic model. The analysis of security measure composition summarizes the selection principle and selection process of security measurement, and analyzes and compares the measure composition methods in several typical security measurement methods.
Rossi, Alessandra, Andriella, Antonio, Rossi, Silvia, Torras, Carme, Alenyà, Guillem.  2022.  Evaluating the Effect of Theory of Mind on People’s Trust in a Faulty Robot. 2022 31st IEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN). :477–482.
The success of human-robot interaction is strongly affected by the people’s ability to infer others’ intentions and behaviours, and the level of people’s trust that others will abide by their same principles and social conventions to achieve a common goal. The ability of understanding and reasoning about other agents’ mental states is known as Theory of Mind (ToM). ToM and trust, therefore, are key factors in the positive outcome of human-robot interaction. We believe that a robot endowed with a ToM is able to gain people’s trust, even when this may occasionally make errors.In this work, we present a user study in the field in which participants (N=123) interacted with a robot that may or may not have a ToM, and may or may not exhibit erroneous behaviour. Our findings indicate that a robot with ToM is perceived as more reliable, and they trusted it more than a robot without a ToM even when the robot made errors. Finally, ToM results to be a key driver for tuning people’s trust in the robot even when the initial condition of the interaction changed (i.e., loss and regain of trust in a longer relationship).
ISSN: 1944-9437
Kersten, Leon, Burda, Pavlo, Allodi, Luca, Zannone, Nicola.  2022.  Investigating the Effect of Phishing Believability on Phishing Reporting. 2022 IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy Workshops (EuroS&PW). :117–128.
Phishing emails are becoming more and more sophisticated, making current detection techniques ineffective. The reporting of phishing emails from users is, thus, crucial for organizations to detect phishing attacks and mitigate their effect. Despite extensive research on how the believability of a phishing email affects detection rates, there is little to no research about the relationship between the believability of a phishing email and the associated reporting rate. In this work, we present a controlled experiment with 446 subjects to evaluate how the reporting rate of a phishing email is linked to its believability and detection rate. Our results show that the reporting rate decreases as the believability of the email increases and that around half of the subjects who detect the mail as phishing, have an intention to report the email. However, the group intending to report an email is not a subset of the group detecting the mail as phishing, suggesting that reporting is still a concept misunderstood by many.
ISSN: 2768-0657
Nelson, Jared Ray, Shekaramiz, Mohammad.  2022.  Authorship Verification via Linear Correlation Methods of n-gram and Syntax Metrics. 2022 Intermountain Engineering, Technology and Computing (IETC). :1–6.
This research evaluates the accuracy of two methods of authorship prediction: syntactical analysis and n-gram, and explores its potential usage. The proposed algorithm measures n-gram, and counts adjectives, adverbs, verbs, nouns, punctuation, and sentence length from the training data, and normalizes each metric. The proposed algorithm compares the metrics of training samples to testing samples and predicts authorship based on the correlation they share for each metric. The severity of correlation between the testing and training data produces significant weight in the decision-making process. For example, if analysis of one metric approximates 100% positive correlation, the weight in the decision is assigned a maximum value for that metric. Conversely, a 100% negative correlation receives the minimum value. This new method of authorship validation holds promise for future innovation in fraud protection, the study of historical documents, and maintaining integrity within academia.