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2021-10-04
Bi, Ting, Chen, Xuehong, Li, Jun, Yang, Shuaifeng.  2020.  Research on Industrial Data Desensitization Algorithm Based on Fuzzy Set. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Advances in Electrical Engineering and Computer Applications( AEECA). :1–5.
With the rapid development of internet technology, informatization and digitalization have penetrated into every link of human social life. A large amount of sensitive data has been accumulated and is still being generated within the enterprise. These sensitive data runs through the daily operation of enterprises and is widely used in business analysis, development and testing, and even some outsourcing business scenarios, which are increasing the possibility of sensitive data leakage and tampering. In fact, due to the improper use of data and the lack of protective measures and other reasons, data leakage events have happened again and again. Therefore, by introducing the concept of fuzzy set and using the membership function method, this paper proposes a desensitization technology framework for industrial data and a data desensitization algorithm based on fuzzy set, and verifies the desensitization effect and protective action on sensitive data of this algorithm through the test data desensitization experiment.
2021-03-29
Roy, S., Dey, D., Saha, M., Chatterjee, K., Banerjee, S..  2020.  Implementation of Fuzzy Logic Control in Predictive Analysis and Real Time Monitoring of Optimum Crop Cultivation : Fuzzy Logic Control In Optimum Crop Cultivation. 2020 10th International Conference on Cloud Computing, Data Science Engineering (Confluence). :6—11.

In this article, the writers suggested a scheme for analyzing the optimum crop cultivation based on Fuzzy Logic Network (Implementation of Fuzzy Logic Control in Predictive Analysis and Real Time Monitoring of Optimum Crop Cultivation) knowledge. The Fuzzy system is Fuzzy Logic's set. By using the soil, temperature, sunshine, precipitation and altitude value, the scheme can calculate the output of a certain crop. By using this scheme, the writers hope farmers can boost f arm output. This, thus will have an enormous effect on alleviating economical deficiency, strengthening rate of employment, the improvement of human resources and food security.

2021-03-22
Kumar, S. A., Kumar, A., Bajaj, V., Singh, G. K..  2020.  An Improved Fuzzy Min–Max Neural Network for Data Classification. IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems. 28:1910–1924.
Hyperbox classifier is an efficient tool for modern pattern classification problems due to its transparency and rigorous use of Euclidian geometry. Fuzzy min-max (FMM) network efficiently implements the hyperbox classifier, and has been modified several times to yield better classification accuracy. However, the obtained accuracy is not up to the mark. Therefore, in this paper, a new improved FMM (IFMM) network is proposed to increase the accuracy rate. In the proposed IFMM network, a modified constraint is employed to check the expandability of a hyperbox. It also uses semiperimeter of the hyperbox along with k-nearest mechanism to select the expandable hyperbox. In the proposed IFMM, the contraction rules of conventional FMM and enhanced FMM (EFMM) are also modified using semiperimeter of a hyperbox in order to balance the size of both overlapped hyperboxes. Experimental results show that the proposed IFMM network outperforms the FMM, k-nearest FMM, and EFMM by yielding more accuracy rate with less number of hyperboxes. The proposed methods are also applied to histopathological images to know the best magnification factor for classification.
Li, Y., Zhou, W., Wang, H..  2020.  F-DPC: Fuzzy Neighborhood-Based Density Peak Algorithm. IEEE Access. 8:165963–165972.
Clustering is a concept in data mining, which divides a data set into different classes or clusters according to a specific standard, making the similarity of data objects in the same cluster as large as possible. Clustering by fast search and find of density peaks (DPC) is a novel clustering algorithm based on density. It is simple and novel, only requiring fewer parameters to achieve better clustering effect, without the requirement for iterative solution. And it has expandability and can detect the clustering of any shape. However, DPC algorithm still has some defects, such as it employs the clear neighborhood relations to calculate local density, so it cannot identify the neighborhood membership of different values of points from the distance of points and It is impossible to accurately cluster the data of the multi-density peak. The fuzzy neighborhood density peak clustering algorithm is proposed for this shortcoming (F-DPC): novel local density is defined by the fuzzy neighborhood relationship. The fuzzy set theory can be used to make the fuzzy neighborhood function of local density more sensitive, so that the clustering for data set of various shapes and densities is more robust. Experiments show that the algorithm has high accuracy and robustness.
2021-03-15
Simon, L., Verma, A..  2020.  Improving Fuzzing through Controlled Compilation. 2020 IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy (EuroS P). :34–52.
We observe that operations performed by standard compilers harm fuzzing because the optimizations and the Intermediate Representation (IR) lead to transformations that improve execution speed at the expense of fuzzing. To remedy this problem, we propose `controlled compilation', a set of techniques to automatically re-factor a program's source code and cherry pick beneficial compiler optimizations to improve fuzzing. We design, implement and evaluate controlled compilation by building a new toolchain with Clang/LLVM. We perform an evaluation on 10 open source projects and compare the results of AFL to state-of-the-art grey-box fuzzers and concolic fuzzers. We show that when programs are compiled with this new toolchain, AFL covers 30 % new code on average and finds 21 additional bugs in real world programs. Our study reveals that controlled compilation often covers more code and finds more bugs than state-of-the-art fuzzing techniques, without the need to write a fuzzer from scratch or resort to advanced techniques. We identify two main reasons to explain why. First, it has proven difficult for researchers to appropriately configure existing fuzzers such as AFL. To address this problem, we provide guidelines and new LLVM passes to help automate AFL's configuration. This will enable researchers to perform a fairer comparison with AFL. Second, we find that current coverage-based evaluation measures (e.g. the total number of visited lines, edges or BBs) are inadequate because they lose valuable information such as which parts of a program a fuzzer actually visits and how consistently it does so. Coverage is considered a useful metric to evaluate a fuzzer's performance and devise a fuzzing strategy. However, the lack of a standard methodology for evaluating coverage remains a problem. To address this, we propose a rigorous evaluation methodology based on `qualitative coverage'. Qualitative coverage uniquely identifies each program line to help understand which lines are commonly visited by different fuzzers vs. which lines are visited only by a particular fuzzer. Throughout our study, we show the benefits of this new evaluation methodology. For example we provide valuable insights into the consistency of fuzzers, i.e. their ability to cover the same code or find the same bug across multiple independent runs. Overall, our evaluation methodology based on qualitative coverage helps to understand if a fuzzer performs better, worse, or is complementary to another fuzzer. This helps security practitioners adjust their fuzzing strategies.
2021-03-01
D’Alterio, P., Garibaldi, J. M., John, R. I..  2020.  Constrained Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Classification Systems for Explainable AI (XAI). 2020 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE). :1–8.
In recent year, there has been a growing need for intelligent systems that not only are able to provide reliable classifications but can also produce explanations for the decisions they make. The demand for increased explainability has led to the emergence of explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) as a specific research field. In this context, fuzzy logic systems represent a promising tool thanks to their inherently interpretable structure. The use of a rule-base and linguistic terms, in fact, have allowed researchers to create models that are able to produce explanations in natural language for each of the classifications they make. So far, however, designing systems that make use of interval type-2 (IT2) fuzzy logic and also give explanations for their outputs has been very challenging, partially due to the presence of the type-reduction step. In this paper, it will be shown how constrained interval type-2 (CIT2) fuzzy sets represent a valid alternative to conventional interval type-2 sets in order to address this issue. Through the analysis of two case studies from the medical domain, it is shown how explainable CIT2 classifiers are produced. These systems can explain which rules contributed to the creation of each of the endpoints of the output interval centroid, while showing (in these examples) the same level of accuracy as their IT2 counterpart.
Meskauskas, Z., Jasinevicius, R., Kazanavicius, E., Petrauskas, V..  2020.  XAI-Based Fuzzy SWOT Maps for Analysis of Complex Systems. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE). :1–8.
The classical SWOT methodology and many of the tools based on it used so far are very static, used for one stable project and lacking dynamics [1]. This paper proposes the idea of combining several SWOT analyses enriched with computing with words (CWW) paradigm into a single network. In this network, individual analysis of the situation is treated as the node. The whole structure is based on fuzzy cognitive maps (FCM) that have forward and backward chaining, so it is called fuzzy SWOT maps. Fuzzy SWOT maps methodology newly introduces the dynamics that projects are interacting, what exists in a real dynamic environment. The whole fuzzy SWOT maps network structure has explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) traits because each node in this network is a "white box"-all the reasoning chain can be tracked and checked why a particular decision has been made, which increases explainability by being able to check the rules to determine why a particular decision was made or why and how one project affects another. To confirm the vitality of the approach, a case with three interacting projects has been analyzed with a developed prototypical software tool and results are delivered.
Khoukhi, L., Khatoun, R..  2020.  Safe Traffic Adaptation Model in Wireless Mesh Networks. 2020 4th Cyber Security in Networking Conference (CSNet). :1–4.
Wireless mesh networks (WMNs) are dynamically self-organized and self-configured technology ensuring efficient connection to Internet. Such networks suffer from many issues, like lack of performance efficiency when huge amount of traffic are injected inside the networks. To deal with such issues, we propose in this paper an adapted fuzzy framework; by monitoring the rate of change in queue length in addition to the current length of the queue, we are able to provide a measure of future queue state. Furthermore, by using explicit rate messages we can make node sources more responsive to unexpected changes in the network traffic load. The simulation results show the efficiency of the proposed model.
2021-01-18
Qiu, J., Lu, X., Lin, J..  2019.  Optimal Selection of Cryptographic Algorithms in Blockchain Based on Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process. 2019 IEEE 4th International Conference on Computer and Communication Systems (ICCCS). :208–212.
As a collection of innovative technologies, blockchain has solved the problem of reliable transmission and exchange of information on untrusted networks. The underlying implementation is the basis for the reliability of blockchain, which consists of various cryptographic algorithms for the use of identity authentication and privacy protection of distributed ledgers. The cryptographic algorithm plays a vital role in the blockchain, which guarantees the confidentiality, integrity, verifiability and non-repudiation of the blockchain. In order to get the most suitable cryptographic algorithm for the blockchain system, this paper proposed a method using Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) to evaluate and score the comprehensive performance of the three types of cryptographic algorithms applied in the blockchain, including symmetric cryptographic algorithms, asymmetric cryptographic algorithms and hash algorithms. This paper weighs the performance differences of cryptographic algorithms considering the aspects of security, operational efficiency, language and hardware support and resource consumption. Finally, three cryptographic algorithms are selected that are considered to be the most suitable ones for block-chain systems, namely ECDSA, sha256 and AES. This result is also consistent with the most commonly used cryptographic algorithms in the current blockchain development direction. Therefore, the reliability and practicability of the algorithm evaluation pro-posed in this paper has been proved.
Sun, J., Ma, J., Quan, J., Zhu, X., I, C..  2019.  A Fuzzy String Matching Scheme Resistant to Statistical Attack. 2019 International Conference on Networking and Network Applications (NaNA). :396–402.
The fuzzy query scheme based on vector index uses Bloom filter to construct vector index for key words. Then the statistical attack based on the deviation of frequency distribution of the vector index brings out the sensitive information disclosure. Using the noise vector, a fuzzy query scheme resistant to the statistical attack serving for encrypted database, i.e. S-BF, is introduced. With the noise vector to clear up the deviation of frequency distribution of vector index, the statistical attacks to the vector index are resolved. Demonstrated by lab experiment, S-BF scheme can achieve the secure fuzzy query with the powerful privation protection capability for encrypted cloud database without the loss of fuzzy query efficiency.
Barbareschi, M., Barone, S., Mazzeo, A., Mazzocca, N..  2019.  Efficient Reed-Muller Implementation for Fuzzy Extractor Schemes. 2019 14th International Conference on Design Technology of Integrated Systems In Nanoscale Era (DTIS). :1–2.
Nowadays, physical tampering and counterfeiting of electronic devices are still an important security problem and have a great impact on large-scale and distributed applications, such as Internet-of-Things. Physical Unclonable Functions (PUFs) have the potential to be a fundamental means to guarantee intrinsic hardware security, since they promise immunity against most of known attack models. However, inner nature of PUF circuits hinders a wider adoption since responses turn out to be noisy and not stable during time. To overcome this issue, most of PUF implementations require a fuzzy extraction scheme, able to recover responses stability by exploiting error correction codes (ECCs). In this paper, we propose a Reed-Muller (RM) ECC design, meant to be embedded into a fuzzy extractor, that can be efficiently configured in terms of area/delay constraints in order to get reliable responses from PUFs. We provide implementation details and experimental evidences of area/delay efficiency through syntheses on medium-range FPGA device.
Laptiev, O., Shuklin, G., Hohonianc, S., Zidan, A., Salanda, I..  2019.  Dynamic Model of Cyber Defense Diagnostics of Information Systems With The Use of Fuzzy Technologies. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Trends in Information Theory (ATIT). :116–119.
When building the architecture of cyber defense systems, one of the important tasks is to create a methodology for current diagnostics of cybersecurity status of information systems and objects of information activity. The complexity of this procedure is that having a strong security level of the object at the software level does not mean that such power is available at the hardware level or at the cryptographic level. There are always weaknesses in all levels of information security that criminals are constantly looking for. Therefore, the task of promptly calculating the likelihood of possible negative consequences from the successful implementation of cyberattacks is an urgent task today. This paper proposes an approach of obtaining an instantaneous calculation of the probabilities of negative consequences from the successful implementation of cyberattacks on objects of information activity on the basis of delayed differential equation theory and the mechanism of constructing a logical Fuzzy function. This makes it possible to diagnose the security status of the information system.
Yadav, M. K., Gugal, D., Matkar, S., Waghmare, S..  2019.  Encrypted Keyword Search in Cloud Computing using Fuzzy Logic. 2019 1st International Conference on Innovations in Information and Communication Technology (ICIICT). :1–4.
Research and Development, and information management professionals routinely employ simple keyword searches or more complex Boolean queries when using databases such as PubMed and Ovid and search engines like Google to find the information they need. While satisfying the basic needs of the researcher, basic search is limited which can adversely affect both precision and recall, decreasing productivity and damaging the researchers' ability to discover new insights. The cloud service providers who store user's data may access sensitive information without any proper authority. A basic approach to save the data confidentiality is to encrypt the data. Data encryption also demands the protection of keyword privacy since those usually contain very vital information related to the files. Encryption of keywords protects keyword safety. Fuzzy keyword search enhances system usability by matching the files perfectly or to the nearest possible files against the keywords entered by the user based on similar semantics. Encrypted keyword search in cloud using this logic provides the user, on entering keywords, to receive best possible files in a more secured manner, by protecting the user's documents.
Zhu, L., Chen, C., Su, Z., Chen, W., Li, T., Yu, Z..  2020.  BBS: Micro-Architecture Benchmarking Blockchain Systems through Machine Learning and Fuzzy Set. 2020 IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture (HPCA). :411–423.
Due to the decentralization, irreversibility, and traceability, blockchain has attracted significant attention and has been deployed in many critical industries such as banking and logistics. However, the micro-architecture characteristics of blockchain programs still remain unclear. What's worse, the large number of micro-architecture events make understanding the characteristics extremely difficult. We even lack a systematic approach to identify the important events to focus on. In this paper, we propose a novel benchmarking methodology dubbed BBS to characterize blockchain programs at micro-architecture level. The key is to leverage fuzzy set theory to identify important micro-architecture events after the significance of them is quantified by a machine learning based approach. The important events for single programs are employed to characterize the programs while the common important events for multiple programs form an importance vector which is used to measure the similarity between benchmarks. We leverage BBS to characterize seven and six benchmarks from Blockbench and Caliper, respectively. The results show that BBS can reveal interesting findings. Moreover, by leveraging the importance characterization results, we improve that the transaction throughput of Smallbank from Fabric by 70% while reduce the transaction latency by 55%. In addition, we find that three of seven and two of six benchmarks from Blockbench and Caliper are redundant, respectively.
Bentahar, A., Meraoumia, A., Bendjenna, H., Chitroub, S., Zeroual, A..  2020.  Fuzzy Extractor-Based Key Agreement for Internet of Things. 020 1st International Conference on Communications, Control Systems and Signal Processing (CCSSP). :25–29.
The emergence of the Internet of Things with its constraints obliges researchers in this field to find light and accurate solutions to secure the data exchange. This document presents secure authentication using biometrics coupled with an effective key agreement scheme to save time and energy. In our scheme, the agreed key is used to encrypt transmission data between different IoT actors. While the fuzzy extractor based on the fuzzy vault principle, is used as authentication and as key agreement scheme. Besides, our system incorporates the Reed Solomon and Hamming codes to give some tolerance to errors. The experimental results have been discussed according to several recognition rates and computation times. Indeed, the recognition rate results have been compared to other works to validate our system. Also, we clarify how our system resists to specific transmission attacks without affecting lightness and accuracy.
Huitzil, I., Fuentemilla, Á, Bobillo, F..  2020.  I Can Get Some Satisfaction: Fuzzy Ontologies for Partial Agreements in Blockchain Smart Contracts. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE). :1–8.
This paper proposes a novel extension of blockchain systems with fuzzy ontologies. The main advantage is to let the users have flexible restrictions, represented using fuzzy sets, and to develop smart contracts where there is a partial agreement among the involved parts. We propose a general architecture based on four fuzzy ontologies and a process to develop and run the smart contracts, based on a reduction to a well-known fuzzy ontology reasoning task (Best Satisfiability Degree). We also investigate different operators to compute Pareto-optimal solutions and implement our approach in the Ethereum blockchain.
Naganuma, K., Suzuki, T., Yoshino, M., Takahashi, K., Kaga, Y., Kunihiro, N..  2020.  New Secret Key Management Technology for Blockchains from Biometrics Fuzzy Signature. 2020 15th Asia Joint Conference on Information Security (AsiaJCIS). :54–58.

Blockchain technology is attracting attention as an innovative system for decentralized payments in fields such as financial area. On the other hand, in a decentralized environment, management of a secret key used for user authentication and digital signature becomes a big issue because if a user loses his/her secret key, he/she will also lose assets on the blockchain. This paper describes the secret key management issues in blockchain systems and proposes a solution using a biometrics-based digital signature scheme. In our proposed system, a secret key to be used for digital signature is generated from the user's biometric information each time and immediately deleted from the memory after using it. Therefore, our blockchain system has the advantage that there is no need for storage for storing secret keys throughout the system. As a result, the user does not have a risk of losing the key management devices and can prevent attacks from malware that steals the secret key.

Naik, N., Jenkins, P., Savage, N., Yang, L., Naik, K., Song, J..  2020.  Embedding Fuzzy Rules with YARA Rules for Performance Optimisation of Malware Analysis. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE). :1–7.
YARA rules utilises string or pattern matching to perform malware analysis and is one of the most effective methods in use today. However, its effectiveness is dependent on the quality and quantity of YARA rules employed in the analysis. This can be managed through the rule optimisation process, although, this may not necessarily guarantee effective utilisation of YARA rules and its generated findings during its execution phase, as the main focus of YARA rules is in determining whether to trigger a rule or not, for a suspect sample after examining its rule condition. YARA rule conditions are Boolean expressions, mostly focused on the binary outcome of the malware analysis, which may limit the optimised use of YARA rules and its findings despite generating significant information during the execution phase. Therefore, this paper proposes embedding fuzzy rules with YARA rules to optimise its performance during the execution phase. Fuzzy rules can manage imprecise and incomplete data and encompass a broad range of conditions, which may not be possible in Boolean logic. This embedding may be more advantageous when the YARA rules become more complex, resulting in multiple complex conditions, which may not be processed efficiently utilising Boolean expressions alone, thus compromising effective decision-making. This proposed embedded approach is applied on a collected malware corpus and is tested against the standard and enhanced YARA rules to demonstrate its success.
Naik, N., Jenkins, P., Savage, N., Yang, L., Boongoen, T., Iam-On, N..  2020.  Fuzzy-Import Hashing: A Malware Analysis Approach. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE). :1–8.
Malware has remained a consistent threat since its emergence, growing into a plethora of types and in large numbers. In recent years, numerous new malware variants have enabled the identification of new attack surfaces and vectors, and have become a major challenge to security experts, driving the enhancement and development of new malware analysis techniques to contain the contagion. One of the preliminary steps of malware analysis is to remove the abundance of counterfeit malware samples from the large collection of suspicious samples. This process assists in the management of man and machine resources effectively in the analysis of both unknown and likely malware samples. Hashing techniques are one of the fastest and efficient techniques for performing this preliminary analysis such as fuzzy hashing and import hashing. However, both hashing methods have their limitations and they may not be effective on their own, instead the combination of two distinctive methods may assist in improving the detection accuracy and overall performance of the analysis. This paper proposes a Fuzzy-Import hashing technique which is the combination of fuzzy hashing and import hashing to improve the detection accuracy and overall performance of malware analysis. This proposed Fuzzy-Import hashing offers several benefits which are demonstrated through the experimentation performed on the collected malware samples and compared against stand-alone techniques of fuzzy hashing and import hashing.
Singh, G., Garg, S..  2020.  Fuzzy Elliptic Curve Cryptography based Cipher Text Policy Attribute based Encryption for Cloud Security. 2020 International Conference on Intelligent Engineering and Management (ICIEM). :327–330.

Cipher Text Policy Attribute Based Encryption which is a form of Public Key Encryption has become a renowned approach as a Data access control scheme for data security and confidentiality. It not only provides the flexibility and scalability in the access control mechanisms but also enhances security by fuzzy fined-grained access control. However, schemes are there which for more security increases the key size which ultimately leads to high encryption and decryption time. Also, there is no provision for handling the middle man attacks during data transfer. In this paper, a light-weight and more scalable encryption mechanism is provided which not only uses fewer resources for encoding and decoding but also improves the security along with faster encryption and decryption time. Moreover, this scheme provides an efficient key sharing mechanism for providing secure transfer to avoid any man-in-the-middle attacks. Also, due to fuzzy policies inclusion, chances are there to get approximation of user attributes available which makes the process fast and reliable and improves the performance of legitimate users.

2020-11-20
Han, H., Wang, Q., Chen, C..  2019.  Policy Text Analysis Based on Text Mining and Fuzzy Cognitive Map. 2019 15th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security (CIS). :142—146.
With the introduction of computer methods, the amount of material and processing accuracy of policy text analysis have been greatly improved. In this paper, Text mining(TM) and latent semantic analysis(LSA) were used to collect policy documents and extract policy elements from them. Fuzzy association rule mining(FARM) technique and partial association test (PA) were used to discover the causal relationships and impact degrees between elements, and a fuzzy cognitive map (FCM) was developed to deduct the evolution of elements through a soft computing method. This non-interventionist approach avoids the validity defects caused by the subjective bias of researchers and provides policy makers with more objective policy suggestions from a neutral perspective. To illustrate the accuracy of this method, this study experimented by taking the state-owned capital layout adjustment related policies as an example, and proved that this method can effectively analyze policy text.
2020-11-02
Krishnasamy, G..  2019.  An Energy Aware Fuzzy Trust based Clustering with group key Management in MANET Multicasting. 2019 2nd International Conference on new Trends in Computing Sciences (ICTCS). :1–5.
The group key maintenance in MANET is especially risky, because repeated node movement, link breakdown and lower capacity resources. The member movement needs key refreshment to maintain privacy among members. To survive with these characteristics variety of clustering concepts used to subdivide the network. To establish considerably stable and trustable environment fuzzy based trust clustering taken into consideration with Group key management. The nodes with highest trust and energy elected as Cluster Head and it forms cluster in its range. The proposed work analyze secure multicast transmission by implementing Polynomial-based key management in Fuzzy Trust based clustered networks (FTBCA) for secure multicast transmission that protect against both internal and external attackers and measure the performance by injecting attack models.
2020-10-12
Khosravi, Morteza, Fereidunian, Alireza.  2019.  Enhancing Smart Grid Cyber-Security Using A Fuzzy Adaptive Autonomy Expert System. 2019 Smart Grid Conference (SGC). :1–6.

Smart Grid cyber-security sounds to be a critical issue, because of widespread development of information technology. To achieve secure and reliable operation, the complexity of human automation interaction (HAI) necessitates more sophisticated and intelligent methodologies. In this paper, an adaptive autonomy fuzzy expert system is developed using gradient descent algorithm to determine the Level of Automation (LOA), based on the changing of Performance Shaping Factors (PSF). These PSFs indicate the effects of environmental conditions on the performance of HAI. The major advantage of this method is that the fuzzy rule or membership function can be learnt without changing the form of the fuzzy rule in conventional fuzzy control. Because of data shortage, Leave-One-Out Cross-Validation (LOOCV) technique is applied for assessing how the results of proposed system generalizes to the new contingency situations. The expert system database is extracted from superior experts' judgments. In order to regard the importance of each PSF, weighted rules are also considered. In addition, some new environmental conditions are introduced that has not been seen before. Nine scenarios are discussed to reveal the performance of the proposed system. Results confirm that the presented fuzzy expert system can effectively calculates the proper LOA even in the new contingency situations.

2020-10-06
Drozd, Oleksandr, Kharchenko, Vyacheslav, Rucinski, Andrzej, Kochanski, Thaddeus, Garbos, Raymond, Maevsky, Dmitry.  2019.  Development of Models in Resilient Computing. 2019 10th International Conference on Dependable Systems, Services and Technologies (DESSERT). :1—6.

The article analyzes the concept of "Resilience" in relation to the development of computing. The strategy for reacting to perturbations in this process can be based either on "harsh Resistance" or "smarter Elasticity." Our "Models" are descriptive in defining the path of evolutionary development as structuring under the perturbations of the natural order and enable the analysis of the relationship among models, structures and factors of evolution. Among those, two features are critical: parallelism and "fuzziness", which to a large extent determine the rate of change of computing development, especially in critical applications. Both reversible and irreversible development processes related to elastic and resistant methods of problem solving are discussed. The sources of perturbations are located in vicinity of the resource boundaries, related to growing problem size with progress combined with the lack of computational "checkability" of resources i.e. data with inadequate models, methodologies and means. As a case study, the problem of hidden faults caused by the growth, the deficit of resources, and the checkability of digital circuits in critical applications is analyzed.

2020-10-05
Ahmed, Abdelmuttlib Ibrahim Abdalla, Khan, Suleman, Gani, Abdullah, Hamid, Siti Hafizah Ab, Guizani, Mohsen.  2018.  Entropy-based Fuzzy AHP Model for Trustworthy Service Provider Selection in Internet of Things. 2018 IEEE 43rd Conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN). :606—613.

Nowadays, trust and reputation models are used to build a wide range of trust-based security mechanisms and trust-based service management applications on the Internet of Things (IoT). Considering trust as a single unit can result in missing important and significant factors. We split trust into its building-blocks, then we sort and assign weight to these building-blocks (trust metrics) on the basis of its priorities for the transaction context of a particular goal. To perform these processes, we consider trust as a multi-criteria decision-making problem, where a set of trust worthiness metrics represent the decision criteria. We introduce Entropy-based fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (EFAHP) as a trust model for selecting a trustworthy service provider, since the sense of decision making regarding multi-metrics trust is structural. EFAHP gives 1) fuzziness, which fits the vagueness, uncertainty, and subjectivity of trust attributes; 2) AHP, which is a systematic way for making decisions in complex multi-criteria decision making; and 3) entropy concept, which is utilized to calculate the aggregate weights for each service provider. We present a numerical illustration in trust-based Service Oriented Architecture in the IoT (SOA-IoT) to demonstrate the service provider selection using the EFAHP Model in assessing and aggregating the trust scores.