Visible to the public Biblio

Filters: Keyword is virtualisation  [Clear All Filters]
Usman, S., Winarno, I., Sudarsono, A..  2020.  Implementation of SDN-based IDS to protect Virtualization Server against HTTP DoS attacks. 2020 International Electronics Symposium (IES). :195—198.
Virtualization and Software-defined Networking (SDN) are emerging technologies that play a major role in cloud computing. Cloud computing provides efficient utilization, high performance, and resource availability on demand. However, virtualization environments are vulnerable to various types of intrusion attacks that involve installing malicious software and denial of services (DoS) attacks. Utilizing SDN technology, makes the idea of SDN-based security applications attractive in the fight against DoS attacks. Network intrusion detection system (IDS) which is used to perform network traffic analysis as a detection system implemented on SDN networks to protect virtualization servers from HTTP DoS attacks. The experimental results show that SDN-based IDS is able to detect and mitigate HTTP DoS attacks effectively.
Dinh, N., Tran, M., Park, Y., Kim, Y..  2020.  An Information-centric NFV-based System Implementation for Disaster Management Services. 2020 International Conference on Information Networking (ICOIN). :807–810.
When disasters occur, they not only affect the human life. Therefore, communication in disaster management is very important. During the disaster recovery phase, the network infrastructure may be partially fragmented and mobile rescue operations may involve many teams with different roles which can dynamically change. Therefore, disaster management services require high flexibility both in terms of network infrastructure management and rescue group communication. Existing studies have shown that IP-based or traditional telephony solutions are not well-suited to deal with such flexible group communication and network management due to their connection-oriented communication, no built-in support for mobile devices, and no mechanism for network fragmentation. Recent studies show that information-centric networking offers scalable and flexible communication based on its name-based interest-oriented communication approach. However, considering the difficulty of deploying a new service on the existing network, the programmability and virtualization of the network are required. This paper presents our implementation of an information-centric disaster management system based on network function virtualization (vICSNF). We show a proof-of-concept system with a case study for Seoul disaster management services. The system achieves flexibility both in terms of network infrastructure management and rescue group communication. Obtained testbed results show that vICSNF achieves a low communication overhead compared to the IP-based approach and the auto-configuration of vICSNFs enables the quick deployment for disaster management services in disaster scenarios.
Wang, B., Dou, Y., Sang, Y., Zhang, Y., Huang, J..  2020.  IoTCMal: Towards A Hybrid IoT Honeypot for Capturing and Analyzing Malware. ICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1—7.

Nowadays, the emerging Internet-of-Things (IoT) emphasize the need for the security of network-connected devices. Additionally, there are two types of services in IoT devices that are easily exploited by attackers, weak authentication services (e.g., SSH/Telnet) and exploited services using command injection. Based on this observation, we propose IoTCMal, a hybrid IoT honeypot framework for capturing more comprehensive malicious samples aiming at IoT devices. The key novelty of IoTC-MAL is three-fold: (i) it provides a high-interactive component with common vulnerable service in real IoT device by utilizing traffic forwarding technique; (ii) it also contains a low-interactive component with Telnet/SSH service by running in virtual environment. (iii) Distinct from traditional low-interactive IoT honeypots[1], which only analyze family categories of malicious samples, IoTCMal primarily focuses on homology analysis of malicious samples. We deployed IoTCMal on 36 VPS1 instances distributed in 13 cities of 6 countries. By analyzing the malware binaries captured from IoTCMal, we discover 8 malware families controlled by at least 11 groups of attackers, which mainly launched DDoS attacks and digital currency mining. Among them, about 60% of the captured malicious samples ran in ARM or MIPs architectures, which are widely used in IoT devices.

Abdulkarem, H. S., Dawod, A..  2020.  DDoS Attack Detection and Mitigation at SDN Data Plane Layer. 2020 2nd Global Power, Energy and Communication Conference (GPECOM). :322—326.
In the coming future, Software-defined networking (SDN) will become a technology more responsive, fully automated, and highly secure. SDN is a way to manage networks by separate the control plane from the forwarding plane, by using software to manage network functions through a centralized control point. A distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack is the most popular malicious attempt to disrupt normal traffic of a targeted server, service, or network. The problem of the paper is the DDoS attack inside the SDN environment and how could use SDN specifications through the advantage of Open vSwitch programmability feature to stop the attack. This paper presents DDoS attack detection and mitigation in the SDN data-plane by applying a written SDN application in python language, based on the malicious traffic abnormal behavior to reduce the interference with normal traffic. The evaluation results reveal detection and mitigation time between 100 to 150 sec. The work also sheds light on the programming relevance with the open daylight controller over an abstracted view of the network infrastructure.
Kathiravelu, P., Chiesa, M., Marcos, P., Canini, M., Veiga, L..  2018.  Moving Bits with a Fleet of Shared Virtual Routers. 2018 IFIP Networking Conference (IFIP Networking) and Workshops. :1—9.

The steady decline of IP transit prices in the past two decades has helped fuel the growth of traffic demands in the Internet ecosystem. Despite the declining unit pricing, bandwidth costs remain significant due to ever-increasing scale and reach of the Internet, combined with the price disparity between the Internet's core hubs versus remote regions. In the meantime, cloud providers have been auctioning underutilized computing resources in their marketplace as spot instances for a much lower price, compared to their on-demand instances. This state of affairs has led the networking community to devote extensive efforts to cloud-assisted networks - the idea of offloading network functionality to cloud platforms, ultimately leading to more flexible and highly composable network service chains.We initiate a critical discussion on the economic and technological aspects of leveraging cloud-assisted networks for Internet-scale interconnections and data transfers. Namely, we investigate the prospect of constructing a large-scale virtualized network provider that does not own any fixed or dedicated resources and runs atop several spot instances. We construct a cloud-assisted overlay as a virtual network provider, by leveraging third-party cloud spot instances. We identify three use case scenarios where such approach will not only be economically and technologically viable but also provide performance benefits compared to current commercial offerings of connectivity and transit providers.

Singh, M., Butakov, S., Jaafar, F..  2018.  Analyzing Overhead from Security and Administrative Functions in Virtual Environment. 2018 International Conference on Platform Technology and Service (PlatCon). :1—6.
The paper provides an analysis of the performance of an administrative component that helps the hypervisor to manage the resources of guest operating systems under fluctuation workload. The additional administrative component provides an extra layer of security to the guest operating systems and system as a whole. In this study, an administrative component was implemented by using Xen-hypervisor based para-virtualization technique and assigned some additional roles and responsibilities that reduce hypervisor workload. The study measured the resource utilizations of an administrative component when excessive input/output load passes passing through the system. Performance was measured in terms of bandwidth and CPU utilisation Based on the analysis of administrative component performance recommendations have been provided with the goal to improve system availability. Recommendations included detection of the performance saturation point that indicates the necessity to start load balancing procedures for the administrative component in the virtualized environment.
Aman, W., Khan, F..  2019.  Ontology-based Dynamic and Context-aware Security Assessment Automation for Critical Applications. 2019 IEEE 8th Global Conference on Consumer Electronics (GCCE). :644–647.

Several assessment techniques and methodologies exist to analyze the security of an application dynamically. However, they either are focused on a particular product or are mainly concerned about the assessment process rather than the product's security confidence. Most crucially, they tend to assess the security of a target application as a standalone artifact without assessing its host infrastructure. Such attempts can undervalue the overall security posture since the infrastructure becomes crucial when it hosts a critical application. We present an ontology-based security model that aims to provide the necessary knowledge, including network settings, application configurations, testing techniques and tools, and security metrics to evaluate the security aptitude of a critical application in the context of its hosting infrastructure. The objective is to integrate the current good practices and standards in security testing and virtualization to furnish an on-demand and test-ready virtual target infrastructure to execute the critical application and to initiate a context-aware and quantifiable security assessment process in an automated manner. Furthermore, we present a security assessment architecture to reflect on how the ontology can be integrated into a standard process.

Shen, Hanji, Long, Chun, Li, Jun, Wan, Wei, Song, Xiaofan.  2018.  A Method for Performance Optimization of Virtual Network I/O Based on DPDK-SRIOV*. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Information and Automation (ICIA). :1550—1554.
Network security testing devices play important roles in Cyber security. Most of the current network security testing devices are based on proprietary hardware, however, the virtual network security tester needs high network I/O throughput performance. Therefore, the solution of the problem, which provides high-performance network I/O in the virtual scene will be explained in this paper. The method we proposed for virtualized network I/O performance optimization on a general hardware platform is able to achieve the I/O throughput performance of the proprietary hardware. The Single Root I/O Virtualization (SRIOV) of the physical network card is divided into a plurality of virtual network function of VF, furthermore, it can be added to different VF and VM. Extensive experiment illustrated that the virtualization and the physical network card sharing based on hardware are realized, and they can be used by Data Plane Development Kit (DPDK) and SRIOV technology. Consequently, the test instrument applications in virtual machines achieves the rate of 10Gps and meet the I/O requirement.
Chowdhary, Ankur, Alshamrani, Adel, Huang, Dijiang.  2019.  SUPC: SDN enabled Universal Policy Checking in Cloud Network. 2019 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC). :572–576.

Multi-tenant cloud networks have various security and monitoring service functions (SFs) that constitute a service function chain (SFC) between two endpoints. SF rule ordering overlaps and policy conflicts can cause increased latency, service disruption and security breaches in cloud networks. Software Defined Network (SDN) based Network Function Virtualization (NFV) has emerged as a solution that allows dynamic SFC composition and traffic steering in a cloud network. We propose an SDN enabled Universal Policy Checking (SUPC) framework, to provide 1) Flow Composition and Ordering by translating various SF rules into the OpenFlow format. This ensures elimination of redundant rules and policy compliance in SFC. 2) Flow conflict analysis to identify conflicts in header space and actions between various SF rules. Our results show a significant reduction in SF rules on composition. Additionally, our conflict checking mechanism was able to identify several rule conflicts that pose security, efficiency, and service availability issues in the cloud network.

Scott-Hayward, Sandra, Arumugam, Thianantha.  2018.  OFMTL-SEC: State-based Security for Software Defined Networks. 2018 IEEE Conference on Network Function Virtualization and Software Defined Networks (NFV-SDN). :1–7.
Dynamic network security services have been proposed exploiting the benefits of Software Defined Networking (SDN) and Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) technologies. However, many of these services rely on controller interaction, which presents a performance and scalability challenge, and a threat vector. To overcome the performance issue, stateful data-plane designs have been proposed. Unfortunately, these solutions do not offer protection from attacks that exploit the SDN implementation of network functions such as topology and path update, or services such as the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP). In this work, we propose state-based SDN security protection mechanisms. Our stateful security data plane solution, OFMTL-SEC, is designed to provide protection against attacks on SDN and traditional network services. Specifically, we present a novel data plane protection against configuration-based attacks in SDN and against ARP spoofing. OFMTL-SEC is compared with the state-of-the-art solutions and offers increased security to SDNs with negligible performance impact.
Mavridis, Ilias, Karatza, Helen.  2019.  Lightweight Virtualization Approaches for Software-Defined Systems and Cloud Computing: An Evaluation of Unikernels and Containers. 2019 Sixth International Conference on Software Defined Systems (SDS). :171–178.
Software defined systems use virtualization technologies to provide an abstraction of the hardware infrastructure at different layers. Ultimately, the adoption of software defined systems in all cloud infrastructure components will lead to Software Defined Cloud Computing. Nevertheless, virtualization has already been used for years and is a key element of cloud computing. Traditionally, virtual machines are deployed in cloud infrastructure and used to execute applications on common operating systems. New lightweight virtualization technologies, such as containers and unikernels, appeared later to improve resource efficiency and facilitate the decomposition of big monolithic applications into multiple, smaller services. In this work, we present and empirically evaluate four popular unikernel technologies, Docker containers and Docker LinuxKit. We deployed containers both on bare metal and on virtual machines. To fairly evaluate their performance, we created similar applications for unikernels and containers. Additionally, we deployed full-fledged database applications ported on both virtualization technologies. Although in bibliography there are a few studies which compare unikernels and containers, in our study for the first time, we provide a comprehensive performance evaluation of clean-slate and legacy unikernels, Docker containers and Docker LinuxKit.
Ma, Zhaohui, Yang, Yan.  2019.  Optimization Strategy of Flow Table Storage Based on “Betweenness Centrality”. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Power Data Science (ICPDS). :76–79.
With the gradual progress of cloud computing, big data, network virtualization and other network technology. The traditional network architecture can no longer support this huge business. At this time, the clean slate team defined a new network architecture, SDN (Software Defined Network). It has brought about tremendous changes in the development of today's networks. The controller sends the flow table down to the switch, and the data flow is forwarded through matching flow table items. However, the current flow table resources of the SDN switch are very limited. Therefore, this paper studies the technology of the latest SDN Flow table optimization at home and abroad, proposes an efficient optimization scheme of Flow table item on the betweenness centrality through the main road selection algorithm, and realizes related applications by setting up experimental topology. Experiments show that this scheme can greatly reduce the number of flow table items of switches, especially the more hosts there are in the topology, the more obvious the experimental effect is. And the experiment proves that the optimization success rate is over 80%.
Iqbal, Shahrear, Haque, Anwar, Zulkernine, Mohammad.  2019.  Towards a Security Architecture for Protecting Connected Vehicles from Malware. 2019 IEEE 89th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2019-Spring). :1—5.

Vehicles are becoming increasingly connected to the outside world. We can connect our devices to the vehicle's infotainment system and internet is being added as a functionality. Therefore, security is a major concern as the attack surface has become much larger than before. Consequently, attackers are creating malware that can infect vehicles and perform life-threatening activities. For example, a malware can compromise vehicle ECUs and cause unexpected consequences. Hence, ensuring the security of connected vehicle software and networks is extremely important to gain consumer confidence and foster the growth of this emerging market. In this paper, we propose a characterization of vehicle malware and a security architecture to protect vehicle from these malware. The architecture uses multiple computational platforms and makes use of the virtualization technique to limit the attack surface. There is a real-time operating system to control critical vehicle functionalities and multiple other operating systems for non-critical functionalities (infotainment, telematics, etc.). The security architecture also describes groups of components for the operating systems to prevent malicious activities and perform policing (monitor, detect, and control). We believe this work will help automakers guard their systems against malware and provide a clear guideline for future research.

Starke, Allen, Nie, Zixiang, Hodges, Morgan, Baker, Corey, McNair, Janise.  2019.  Denial of Service Detection Mitigation Scheme using Responsive Autonomic Virtual Networks (RAvN). MILCOM 2019 - 2019 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM). :1–6.
In this paper we propose a responsive autonomic and data-driven adaptive virtual networking framework (RAvN) that integrates the adaptive reconfigurable features of a popular SDN platform called open networking operating system (ONOS), the network performance statistics provided by traffic monitoring tools such as T-shark or sflow-RT and analytics and decision making skills provided from new and current machine learning techniques to detect and mitigate anomalous behavior. For this paper we focus on the development of novel detection schemes using a developed Centroid-based clustering technique and the Intragroup variance of data features within network traffic (C. Intra), with a multivariate gaussian distribution model fitted to the constant changes in the IP addresses of the network to accurately assist in the detection of low rate and high rate denial of service (DoS) attacks. We briefly discuss our ideas on the development of the decision-making and execution component using the concept of generating adaptive policy updates (i.e. anomalous mitigation solutions) on-the-fly to the ONOS SDN controller for updating network configurations and flows. In addition we provide the analysis on anomaly detection schemes used for detecting low rate and high rate DoS attacks versus a commonly used unsupervised machine learning technique Kmeans. The proposed schemes outperformed Kmeans significantly. The multivariate clustering method and the intragroup variance recorded 80.54% and 96.13% accuracy respectively while Kmeans recorded 72.38% accuracy.
Xu, Shuiling, Ji, Xinsheng, Liu, Wenyan.  2019.  Enhancing the Reliability of NFV with Heterogeneous Backup. 2019 IEEE 3rd Information Technology, Networking, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (ITNEC). :923–927.
Virtual network function provides tenant with flexible and scalable end-to-end service chaining in the cloud computing and data center environments. However, comparing with traditional hardware network devices, the uncertainty caused by software and virtualization of Network Function Virtualization expands the attack surface, making the network node vulnerable to a certain types of attacks. The existing approaches for solving the problem of reliability are able to reduce the impact of failure of physical devices, but pay little attention to the attack scenario, which could be persistent and covert. In this paper, a heterogeneous backup strategy is brought up, enhancing the intrusion tolerance of NFV SFC by dynamically switching the VNF executor. The validity of the method is verified by simulation and game theory analysis.
Nahmias, Daniel, Cohen, Aviad, Nissim, Nir, Elovici, Yuval.  2019.  TrustSign: Trusted Malware Signature Generation in Private Clouds Using Deep Feature Transfer Learning. 2019 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN). :1—8.

This paper presents TrustSign, a novel, trusted automatic malware signature generation method based on high-level deep features transferred from a VGG-19 neural network model pre-trained on the ImageNet dataset. While traditional automatic malware signature generation techniques rely on static or dynamic analysis of the malware's executable, our method overcomes the limitations associated with these techniques by producing signatures based on the presence of the malicious process in the volatile memory. Signatures generated using TrustSign well represent the real malware behavior during runtime. By leveraging the cloud's virtualization technology, TrustSign analyzes the malicious process in a trusted manner, since the malware is unaware and cannot interfere with the inspection procedure. Additionally, by removing the dependency on the malware's executable, our method is capable of signing fileless malware. Thus, we focus our research on in-browser cryptojacking attacks, which current antivirus solutions have difficulty to detect. However, TrustSign is not limited to cryptojacking attacks, as our evaluation included various ransomware samples. TrustSign's signature generation process does not require feature engineering or any additional model training, and it is done in a completely unsupervised manner, obviating the need for a human expert. Therefore, our method has the advantage of dramatically reducing signature generation and distribution time. The results of our experimental evaluation demonstrate TrustSign's ability to generate signatures invariant to the process state over time. By using the signatures generated by TrustSign as input for various supervised classifiers, we achieved 99.5% classification accuracy.

Vural, Serdar, Minerva, Roberto, Carella, Giuseppe A., Medhat, Ahmed M., Tomasini, Lorenzo, Pizzimenti, Simone, Riemer, Bjoern, Stravato, Umberto.  2018.  Performance Measurements of Network Service Deployment on a Federated and Orchestrated Virtualisation Platform for 5G Experimentation. 2018 IEEE Conference on Network Function Virtualization and Software Defined Networks (NFV-SDN). :1–6.
The EU SoftFIRE project has built an experimentation platform for NFV and SDN experiments, tailored for testing and evaluating 5G network applications and solutions. The platform is a fully orchestrated virtualisation testbed consisting of multiple component testbeds across Europe. Users of the platform can deploy their virtualisation experiments via the platform's Middleware. This paper introduces the SoftFIRE testbed and its Middleware, and presents a set of KPI results for evaluation of experiment deployment performance.
Park, Byungju, Dang, Sa Pham, Noh, Sichul, Yi, Junmin, Park, Minho.  2019.  Dynamic Virtual Network Honeypot. 2019 International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Convergence (ICTC). :375–377.
A honeypot system is used to trapping hackers, track and analyze new hacking methods. However, it does not only take time for construction and deployment but also costs for maintenance because these systems are always online even when there is no attack. Since the main purpose of honeypot systems is to collect more and more attack trafc if possible, the limitation of system capacity is also a major problem. In this paper, we propose Dynamic Virtual Network Honeypot (DVNH) which leverages emerging technologies, Network Function Virtualization and Software-Defined Networking. DVNH redirects the attack to the honeypot system thereby protects the targeted system. Our experiments show that DVNH enables efficient resource usage and dynamic provision of the Honeypot system.
Aydeger, Abdullah, Saputro, Nico, Akkaya, Kemal.  2018.  Utilizing NFV for Effective Moving Target Defense Against Link Flooding Reconnaissance Attacks. MILCOM 2018 - 2018 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM). :946—951.

Moving target defense (MTD) is becoming popular with the advancements in Software Defined Networking (SDN) technologies. With centralized management through SDN, changing the network attributes such as routes to escape from attacks is simple and fast. Yet, the available alternate routes are bounded by the network topology, and a persistent attacker that continuously perform the reconnaissance can extract the whole link-map of the network. To address this issue, we propose to use virtual shadow networks (VSNs) by applying Network Function Virtualization (NFV) abilities to the network in order to deceive attacker with the fake topology information and not reveal the actual network topology and characteristics. We design this approach under a formal framework for Internet Service Provider (ISP) networks and apply it to the recently emerged indirect DDoS attacks, namely Crossfire, for evaluation. The results show that attacker spends more time to figure out the network behavior while the costs on the defender and network operations are negligible until reaching a certain network size.

Tian, Donghai, Ma, Rui, Jia, Xiaoqi, Hu, Changzhen.  2019.  A Kernel Rootkit Detection Approach Based on Virtualization and Machine Learning. IEEE Access. 7:91657—91666.

OS kernel is the core part of the operating system, and it plays an important role for OS resource management. A popular way to compromise OS kernel is through a kernel rootkit (i.e., malicious kernel module). Once a rootkit is loaded into the kernel space, it can carry out arbitrary malicious operations with high privilege. To defeat kernel rootkits, many approaches have been proposed in the past few years. However, existing methods suffer from some limitations: 1) most methods focus on user-mode rootkit detection; 2) some methods are limited to detect obfuscated kernel modules; and 3) some methods introduce significant performance overhead. To address these problems, we propose VKRD, a kernel rootkit detection system based on the hardware assisted virtualization technology. Compared with previous methods, VKRD can provide a transparent and an efficient execution environment for the target kernel module to reveal its run-time behavior. To select the important run-time features for training our detection models, we utilize the TF-IDF method. By combining the hardware assisted virtualization and machine learning techniques, our kernel rootkit detection solution could be potentially applied in the cloud environment. The experiments show that our system can detect windows kernel rootkits with high accuracy and moderate performance cost.

Park, Y.S., Choi, C.S., Jang, C., Shin, D.G., Cho, G.C., Kim, Hwa Soo.  2019.  Development of Incident Response Tool for Cyber Security Training Based on Virtualization and Cloud. 2019 International Workshop on Big Data and Information Security (IWBIS). :115—118.

We developed a virtualization-based infringement incident response tool for cyber security training system using Cloud. This tool was developed by applying the concept of attack and defense which is the basic of military war game modeling and simulation. The main purpose of this software is to cultivate cyber security experts capable of coping with various situations to minimize the damage in the shortest time when an infringement incident occurred. This tool acquired the invaluable certificate from Korean government agency. This tool shall provide CBT type remote education such as scenario based infringement incident response training, hacking defense practice, and vulnerability measure practice. The tool works in Linux, Window operating system environments, and uses Korean e-government framework and secure coding to construct a situation similar to the actual information system. In the near future, Internet and devices connected to the Internet will be greatly enlarged, and cyber security threats will be diverse and widespread. It is expected that various kinds of hacking will be attempted in an advanced types using artificial intelligence technology. Therefore, we are working on applying the artificial intelligence technology to the current infringement incident response tool to cope with these evolving threats.

Khorsandroo, Sajad, Tosun, Ali Saman.  2019.  White Box Analysis at the Service of Low Rate Saturation Attacks on Virtual SDN Data Plane. 2019 IEEE 44th LCN Symposium on Emerging Topics in Networking (LCN Symposium). :100—107.

Today's virtual switches not only support legacy network protocols and standard network management interfaces, but also become adapted to OpenFlow as a prevailing communication protocol. This makes them a core networking component of today's virtualized infrastructures which are able to handle sophisticated networking scenarios in a flexible and software-defined manner. At the same time, these virtual SDN data planes become high-value targets because a compromised switch is hard to detect while it affects all components of a virtualized/SDN-based environment.Most of the well known programmable virtual switches in the market are open source which makes them cost-effective and yet highly configurable options in any network infrastructure deployment. However, this comes at a cost which needs to be addressed. Accordingly, this paper raises an alarm on how attackers may leverage white box analysis of software switch functionalities to lunch effective low profile attacks against it. In particular, we practically present how attackers can systematically take advantage of static and dynamic code analysis techniques to lunch a low rate saturation attack on virtual SDN data plane in a cloud data center.

Chen, Guangxuan, Wu, Di, Chen, Guangxiao, Qin, Panke, Zhang, Lei, Liu, Qiang.  2019.  Research on Digital Forensics Framework for Malicious Behavior in Cloud. 2019 IEEE 4th Advanced Information Technology, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (IAEAC). 1:1375—1379.

The difficult of detecting, response, tracing the malicious behavior in cloud has brought great challenges to the law enforcement in combating cybercrimes. This paper presents a malicious behavior oriented framework of detection, emergency response, traceability, and digital forensics in cloud environment. A cloud-based malicious behavior detection mechanism based on SDN is constructed, which implements full-traffic flow detection technology and malicious virtual machine detection based on memory analysis. The emergency response and traceability module can clarify the types of the malicious behavior and the impacts of the events, and locate the source of the event. The key nodes and paths of the infection topology or propagation path of the malicious behavior will be located security measure will be dispatched timely. The proposed IaaS service based forensics module realized the virtualization facility memory evidence extraction and analysis techniques, which can solve volatile data loss problems that often happened in traditional forensic methods.

Jmila, Houda, Blanc, Gregory.  2019.  Designing Security-Aware Service Requests for NFV-Enabled Networks. 2019 28th International Conference on Computer Communication and Networks (ICCCN). :1—9.

Network Function Virtualization (NFV) is a recent concept where virtualization enables the shift from network functions (e.g., routers, switches, load-balancers, proxies) on specialized hardware appliances to software images running on all-purpose, high-volume servers. The resource allocation problem in the NFV environment has received considerable attention in the past years. However, little attention was paid to the security aspects of the problem in spite of the increasing number of vulnerabilities faced by cloud-based applications. Securing the services is an urgent need to completely benefit from the advantages offered by NFV. In this paper, we show how a network service request, composed of a set of service function chains (SFC) should be modified and enriched to take into consideration the security requirements of the supported service. We examine the well-known security best practices and propose a two-step algorithm that extends the initial SFC requests to a more complex chaining model that includes the security requirements of the service.

Brugman, Jonathon, Khan, Mohammed, Kasera, Sneha, Parvania, Masood.  2019.  Cloud Based Intrusion Detection and Prevention System for Industrial Control Systems Using Software Defined Networking. 2019 Resilience Week (RWS). 1:98—104.

Industrial control systems (ICS) are becoming more integral to modern life as they are being integrated into critical infrastructure. These systems typically lack application layer encryption and the placement of common network intrusion services have large blind spots. We propose the novel architecture, Cloud Based Intrusion Detection and Prevention System (CB-IDPS), to detect and prevent threats in ICS networks by using software defined networking (SDN) to route traffic to the cloud for inspection using network function virtualization (NFV) and service function chaining. CB-IDPS uses Amazon Web Services to create a virtual private cloud for packet inspection. The CB-IDPS framework is designed with considerations to the ICS delay constraints, dynamic traffic routing, scalability, resilience, and visibility. CB-IDPS is presented in the context of a micro grid energy management system as the test case to prove that the latency of CB-IDPS is within acceptable delay thresholds. The implementation of CB-IDPS uses the OpenDaylight software for the SDN controller and commonly used network security tools such as Zeek and Snort. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt at using NFV in an ICS context for network security.