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2020-05-22
Khadilkar, Kunal, Kulkarni, Siddhivinayak, Bone, Poojarani.  2018.  Plagiarism Detection Using Semantic Knowledge Graphs. 2018 Fourth International Conference on Computing Communication Control and Automation (ICCUBEA). :1—6.
Every day, huge amounts of unstructured text is getting generated. Most of this data is in the form of essays, research papers, patents, scholastic articles, book chapters etc. Many plagiarism softwares are being developed to be used in order to reduce the stealing and plagiarizing of Intellectual Property (IP). Current plagiarism softwares are mainly using string matching algorithms to detect copying of text from another source. The drawback of some of such plagiarism softwares is their inability to detect plagiarism when the structure of the sentence is changed. Replacement of keywords by their synonyms also fails to be detected by these softwares. This paper proposes a new method to detect such plagiarism using semantic knowledge graphs. The method uses Named Entity Recognition as well as semantic similarity between sentences to detect possible cases of plagiarism. The doubtful cases are visualized using semantic Knowledge Graphs for thorough analysis of authenticity. Rules for active and passive voice have also been considered in the proposed methodology.
Kang, Hyunjoong, Hong, Sanghyun, Lee, Kookjin, Park, Noseong, Kwon, Soonhyun.  2018.  On Integrating Knowledge Graph Embedding into SPARQL Query Processing. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Web Services (ICWS). :371—374.
SPARQL is a standard query language for knowledge graphs (KGs). However, it is hard to find correct answer if KGs are incomplete or incorrect. Knowledge graph embedding (KGE) enables answering queries on such KGs by inferring unknown knowledge and removing incorrect knowledge. Hence, our long-term goal in this line of research is to propose a new framework that integrates KGE and SPARQL, which opens various research problems to be addressed. In this paper, we solve one of the most critical problems, that is, optimizing the performance of nearest neighbor (NN) search. In our evaluations, we demonstrate that the search time of state-of-the-art NN search algorithms is improved by 40% without sacrificing answer accuracy.
Horzyk, Adrian, Starzyk, Janusz A..  2019.  Associative Data Model in Search for Nearest Neighbors and Similar Patterns. 2019 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI). :933—940.
This paper introduces a biologically inspired associative data model and structure for finding nearest neighbors and similar patterns. The method can be used as an alternative to the classical approaches to accelerate the search for such patterns using various priorities for attributes according to the Sebestyen measure. The presented structure, together with algorithms developed in this paper can be useful in various computational intelligence tasks like pattern matching, recognition, clustering, classification, multi-criterion search etc. This approach is particularly useful for the on-line operation of associative neural network graphs. Graphs that dynamically develop their structure during learning on training data. The results of experiments show that the associative approach can substantially accelerate the nearest neighbor search and that associative structures can also be used as a model for KNN tasks. Finally, this paper presents how the associative structures can be used to self-organize data and represent knowledge about them in the associative way, which yields new search approaches described in this paper.
Ahsan, Ramoza, Bashir, Muzammil, Neamtu, Rodica, Rundensteiner, Elke A., Sarkozy, Gabor.  2019.  Nearest Neighbor Subsequence Search in Time Series Data. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data). :2057—2066.
Continuous growth in sensor data and other temporal sequence data necessitates efficient retrieval and similarity search support on these big time series datasets. However, finding exact similarity results, especially at the granularity of subsequences, is known to be prohibitively costly for large data sets. In this paper, we thus propose an efficient framework for solving this exact subsequence similarity match problem, called TINN (TIme series Nearest Neighbor search). Exploiting the range interval diversity properties of time series datasets, TINN captures similarity at two levels of abstraction, namely, relationships among subsequences within each long time series and relationships across distinct time series in the data set. These relationships are compactly organized in an augmented relationship graph model, with the former relationships encoded in similarity vectors at TINN nodes and the later captured by augmented edge types in the TINN Graph. Query processing strategy deploy novel pruning techniques on the TINN Graph, including node skipping, vertical and horizontal pruning, to significantly reduce the number of time series as well as subsequences to be explored. Comprehensive experiments on synthetic and real world time series data demonstrate that our TINN model consistently outperforms state-of-the-art approaches while still guaranteeing to retrieve exact matches.
Rattaphun, Munlika, Prayoonwong, Amorntip, Chiu, Chih- Yi.  2019.  Indexing in k-Nearest Neighbor Graph by Hash-Based Hill-Climbing. 2019 16th International Conference on Machine Vision Applications (MVA). :1—4.
A main issue in approximate nearest neighbor search is to achieve an excellent tradeoff between search accuracy and computation cost. In this paper, we address this issue by leveraging k-nearest neighbor graph and hill-climbing to accelerate vector quantization in the query assignment process. A modified hill-climbing algorithm is proposed to traverse k-nearest neighbor graph to find closest centroids for a query, rather than calculating the query distances to all centroids. Instead of using random seeds in the original hill-climbing algorithm, we generate high-quality seeds based on the hashing technique. It can boost the query assignment efficiency due to a better start-up in hill-climbing. We evaluate the experiment on the benchmarks of SIFT1M and GIST1M datasets, and show the proposed hashing-based seed generation effectively improves the search performance.
Li, Xiaodong.  2019.  DURS: A Distributed Method for k-Nearest Neighbor Search on Uncertain Graphs. 2019 20th IEEE International Conference on Mobile Data Management (MDM). :377—378.
Large graphs are increasingly prevalent in mobile networks, social networks, traffic networks and biological networks. These graphs are often uncertain, where edges are augmented with probabilities that indicates the chance to exist. Recently k-nearest neighbor search has been studied within the field of uncertain graphs, but the scalability and efficiency issues are not well solved. Moreover, solutions are implemented on a single machine and thus cannot fit large uncertain graphs. In this paper, we develop a framework, called DURS, to distribute k-nearest neighbor search into several machines and re-partition the uncertain graphs to balance the work loads and reduce the communication costs. Evaluation results show that DURS is essential to make the system scalable when answering k-nearest neighbor queries on uncertain graphs.
2020-05-08
Chaudhary, Anshika, Mittal, Himangi, Arora, Anuja.  2019.  Anomaly Detection using Graph Neural Networks. 2019 International Conference on Machine Learning, Big Data, Cloud and Parallel Computing (COMITCon). :346—350.
Conventional methods for anomaly detection include techniques based on clustering, proximity or classification. With the rapidly growing social networks, outliers or anomalies find ingenious ways to obscure themselves in the network and making the conventional techniques inefficient. In this paper, we utilize the ability of Deep Learning over topological characteristics of a social network to detect anomalies in email network and twitter network. We present a model, Graph Neural Network, which is applied on social connection graphs to detect anomalies. The combinations of various social network statistical measures are taken into account to study the graph structure and functioning of the anomalous nodes by employing deep neural networks on it. The hidden layer of the neural network plays an important role in finding the impact of statistical measure combination in anomaly detection.
2020-05-04
Su, Liya, Yao, Yepeng, Lu, Zhigang, Liu, Baoxu.  2019.  Understanding the Influence of Graph Kernels on Deep Learning Architecture: A Case Study of Flow-Based Network Attack Detection. 2019 18th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/13th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :312–318.
Flow-based network attack detection technology is able to identify many threats in network traffic. Existing techniques have several drawbacks: i) rule-based approaches are vulnerable because it needs all the signatures defined for the possible attacks, ii) anomaly-based approaches are not efficient because it is easy to find ways to launch attacks that bypass detection, and iii) both rule-based and anomaly-based approaches heavily rely on domain knowledge of networked system and cyber security. The major challenge to existing methods is to understand novel attack scenarios and design a model to detect novel and more serious attacks. In this paper, we investigate network attacks and unveil the key activities and the relationships between these activities. For that reason, we propose methods to understand the network security practices using theoretic concepts such as graph kernels. In addition, we integrate graph kernels over deep learning architecture to exploit the relationship expressiveness among network flows and combine ability of deep neural networks (DNNs) with deep architectures to learn hidden representations, based on the communication representation graph of each network flow in a specific time interval, then the flow-based network attack detection can be done effectively by measuring the similarity between the graphs to two flows. The proposed study provides the effectiveness to obtain insights about network attacks and detect network attacks. Using two real-world datasets which contain several new types of network attacks, we achieve significant improvements in accuracies over existing network attack detection tasks.
2020-04-20
Takbiri, Nazanin, Shao, Xiaozhe, Gao, Lixin, Pishro-Nik, Hossein.  2019.  Improving Privacy in Graphs Through Node Addition. 2019 57th Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control, and Computing (Allerton). :487–494.
The rapid growth of computer systems which generate graph data necessitates employing privacy-preserving mechanisms to protect users' identity. Since structure-based de-anonymization attacks can reveal users' identity's even when the graph is simply anonymized by employing naïve ID removal, recently, k- anonymity is proposed to secure users' privacy against the structure-based attack. Most of the work ensured graph privacy using fake edges, however, in some applications, edge addition or deletion might cause a significant change to the key property of the graph. Motivated by this fact, in this paper, we introduce a novel method which ensures privacy by adding fake nodes to the graph. First, we present a novel model which provides k- anonymity against one of the strongest attacks: seed-based attack. In this attack, the adversary knows the partial mapping between the main graph and the graph which is generated using the privacy-preserving mechanisms. We show that even if the adversary knows the mapping of all of the nodes except one, the last node can still have k- anonymity privacy. Then, we turn our attention to the privacy of the graphs generated by inter-domain routing against degree attacks in which the degree sequence of the graph is known to the adversary. To ensure the privacy of networks against this attack, we propose a novel method which tries to add fake nodes in a way that the degree of all nodes have the same expected value.
Djoudi, Aghiles, Pujolle, Guy.  2019.  Social Privacy Score Through Vulnerability Contagion Process. 2019 Fifth Conference on Mobile and Secure Services (MobiSecServ). :1–6.
The exponential usage of messaging services for communication raises many questions in privacy fields. Privacy issues in such services strongly depend on the graph-theoretical properties of users' interactions representing the real friendships between users. One of the most important issues of privacy is that users may disclose information of other users beyond the scope of the interaction, without realizing that such information could be aggregated to reveal sensitive information. Determining vulnerable interactions from non-vulnerable ones is difficult due to the lack of awareness mechanisms. To address this problem, we analyze the topological relationships with the level of trust between users to notify each of them about their vulnerable social interactions. Particularly, we analyze the impact of trusting vulnerable friends in infecting other users' privacy concerns by modeling a new vulnerability contagion process. Simulation results show that over-trusting vulnerable users speeds the vulnerability diffusion process through the network. Furthermore, vulnerable users with high reputation level lead to a high convergence level of infection, this means that the vulnerability contagion process infects the biggest number of users when vulnerable users get a high level of trust from their interlocutors. This work contributes to the development of privacy awareness framework that can alert users of the potential private information leakages in their communications.
Yuan, Jing, Ou, Yuyi, Gu, Guosheng.  2019.  An Improved Privacy Protection Method Based on k-degree Anonymity in Social Network. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Computer Applications (ICAICA). :416–420.
To preserve the privacy of social networks, most existing methods are applied to satisfy different anonymity models, but there are some serious problems such as huge large information losses and great structural modifications of original social network. Therefore, an improved privacy protection method called k-subgraph is proposed, which is based on k-degree anonymous graph derived from k-anonymity to keep the network structure stable. The method firstly divides network nodes into several clusters by label propagation algorithm, and then reconstructs the sub-graph by means of moving edges to achieve k-degree anonymity. Experimental results show that our k-subgraph method can not only effectively improve the defense capability against malicious attacks based on node degrees, but also maintain stability of network structure. In addition, the cost of information losses due to anonymity is minimized ideally.
2020-04-13
Wu, Qiong, Zhang, Haitao, Du, Peilun, Li, Ye, Guo, Jianli, He, Chenze.  2019.  Enabling Adaptive Deep Neural Networks for Video Surveillance in Distributed Edge Clouds. 2019 IEEE 25th International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems (ICPADS). :525–528.
In the field of video surveillance, the demands of intelligent video analysis services based on Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have grown rapidly. Although most existing studies focus on the performance of DNNs pre-deployed at remote clouds, the network delay caused by computation offloading from network cameras to remote clouds is usually long and sometimes unbearable. Edge computing can enable rich services and applications in close proximity to the network cameras. However, owing to the limited computing resources of distributed edge clouds, it is challenging to satisfy low latency and high accuracy requirements for all users, especially when the number of users surges. To address this challenge, we first formulate the intelligent video surveillance task scheduling problem that minimizes the average response time while meeting the performance requirements of tasks and prove that it is NP-hard. Second, we present an adaptive DNN model selection method to identify the most effective DNN model for each task by comparing the feature similarity between the input video segment and pre-stored training videos. Third, we propose a two-stage delay-aware graph searching approach that presents a beneficial trade-off between network delay and computing delay. Experimental results demonstrate the efficiency of our approach.
2020-03-30
Bharati, Aparna, Moreira, Daniel, Brogan, Joel, Hale, Patricia, Bowyer, Kevin, Flynn, Patrick, Rocha, Anderson, Scheirer, Walter.  2019.  Beyond Pixels: Image Provenance Analysis Leveraging Metadata. 2019 IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV). :1692–1702.
Creative works, whether paintings or memes, follow unique journeys that result in their final form. Understanding these journeys, a process known as "provenance analysis," provides rich insights into the use, motivation, and authenticity underlying any given work. The application of this type of study to the expanse of unregulated content on the Internet is what we consider in this paper. Provenance analysis provides a snapshot of the chronology and validity of content as it is uploaded, re-uploaded, and modified over time. Although still in its infancy, automated provenance analysis for online multimedia is already being applied to different types of content. Most current works seek to build provenance graphs based on the shared content between images or videos. This can be a computationally expensive task, especially when considering the vast influx of content that the Internet sees every day. Utilizing non-content-based information, such as timestamps, geotags, and camera IDs can help provide important insights into the path a particular image or video has traveled during its time on the Internet without large computational overhead. This paper tests the scope and applicability of metadata-based inferences for provenance graph construction in two different scenarios: digital image forensics and cultural analytics.
Miao, Hui, Deshpande, Amol.  2019.  Understanding Data Science Lifecycle Provenance via Graph Segmentation and Summarization. 2019 IEEE 35th International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE). :1710–1713.
Increasingly modern data science platforms today have non-intrusive and extensible provenance ingestion mechanisms to collect rich provenance and context information, handle modifications to the same file using distinguishable versions, and use graph data models (e.g., property graphs) and query languages (e.g., Cypher) to represent and manipulate the stored provenance/context information. Due to the schema-later nature of the metadata, multiple versions of the same files, and unfamiliar artifacts introduced by team members, the resulting "provenance graphs" are quite verbose and evolving; further, it is very difficult for the users to compose queries and utilize this valuable information just using standard graph query model. In this paper, we propose two high-level graph query operators to address the verboseness and evolving nature of such provenance graphs. First, we introduce a graph segmentation operator, which queries the retrospective provenance between a set of source vertices and a set of destination vertices via flexible boundary criteria to help users get insight about the derivation relationships among those vertices. We show the semantics of such a query in terms of a context-free grammar, and develop efficient algorithms that run orders of magnitude faster than state-of-the-art. Second, we propose a graph summarization operator that combines similar segments together to query prospective provenance of the underlying project. The operator allows tuning the summary by ignoring vertex details and characterizing local structures, and ensures the provenance meaning using path constraints. We show the optimal summary problem is PSPACE-complete and develop effective approximation algorithms. We implement the operators on top of Neo4j, evaluate our query techniques extensively, and show the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed methods.
2020-03-04
Wiese, Moritz, Boche, Holger.  2019.  A Graph-Based Modular Coding Scheme Which Achieves Semantic Security. 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT). :822–826.

It is investigated how to achieve semantic security for the wiretap channel. A new type of functions called biregular irreducible (BRI) functions, similar to universal hash functions, is introduced. BRI functions provide a universal method of establishing secrecy. It is proved that the known secrecy rates of any discrete and Gaussian wiretap channel are achievable with semantic security by modular wiretap codes constructed from a BRI function and an error-correcting code. A characterization of BRI functions in terms of edge-disjoint biregular graphs on a common vertex set is derived. This is used to study examples of BRI functions and to construct new ones.

Shahsavari, Yahya, Zhang, Kaiwen, Talhi, Chamseddine.  2019.  A Theoretical Model for Fork Analysis in the Bitcoin Network. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain (Blockchain). :237–244.

Blockchain networks which employ Proof-of-Work in their consensus mechanism may face inconsistencies in the form of forks. These forks are usually resolved through the application of block selection rules (such as the Nakamoto consensus). In this paper, we investigate the cause and length of forks for the Bitcoin network. We develop theoretical formulas which model the Bitcoin consensus and network protocols, based on an Erdös-Rényi random graph construction of the overlay network of peers. Our theoretical model addresses the effect of key parameters on the fork occurrence probability, such as block propagation delay, network bandwidth, and block size. We also leverage this model to estimate the weight of fork branches. Our model is implemented using the network simulator OMNET++ and validated by historical Bitcoin data. We show that under current conditions, Bitcoin will not benefit from increasing the number of connections per node.

2020-03-02
Wheeler, Thomas, Bharathi, Ezhil, Gil, Stephanie.  2019.  Switching Topology for Resilient Consensus Using Wi-Fi Signals. 2019 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA). :2018–2024.

Securing multi-robot teams against malicious activity is crucial as these systems accelerate towards widespread societal integration. This emerging class of ``physical networks'' requires research into new methods of security that exploit their physical nature. This paper derives a theoretical framework for securing multi-agent consensus against the Sybil attack by using the physical properties of wireless transmissions. Our frame-work uses information extracted from the wireless channels to design a switching signal that stochastically excludes potentially untrustworthy transmissions from the consensus. Intuitively, this amounts to selectively ignoring incoming communications from untrustworthy agents, allowing for consensus to the true average to be recovered with high probability if initiated after a certain observation time T0 that we derive. This work is different from previous work in that it allows for arbitrary malicious node values and is insensitive to the initial topology of the network so long as a connected topology over legitimate nodes in the network is feasible. We show that our algorithm will recover consensus and the true graph over the system of legitimate agents with an error rate that vanishes exponentially with time.

Sultana, Kazi Zakia, Chong, Tai-Yin.  2019.  A Proposed Approach to Build an Automated Software Security Assessment Framework using Mined Patterns and Metrics. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering (CSE) and IEEE International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing (EUC). :176–181.

Software security is a major concern of the developers who intend to deliver a reliable software. Although there is research that focuses on vulnerability prediction and discovery, there is still a need for building security-specific metrics to measure software security and vulnerability-proneness quantitatively. The existing methods are either based on software metrics (defined on the physical characteristics of code; e.g. complexity or lines of code) which are not security-specific or some generic patterns known as nano-patterns (Java method-level traceable patterns that characterize a Java method or function). Other methods predict vulnerabilities using text mining approaches or graph algorithms which perform poorly in cross-project validation and fail to be a generalized prediction model for any system. In this paper, we envision to construct an automated framework that will assist developers to assess the security level of their code and guide them towards developing secure code. To accomplish this goal, we aim to refine and redefine the existing nano-patterns and software metrics to make them more security-centric so that they can be used for measuring the software security level of a source code (either file or function) with higher accuracy. In this paper, we present our visionary approach through a series of three consecutive studies where we (1) will study the challenges of the current software metrics and nano-patterns in vulnerability prediction, (2) will redefine and characterize the nano-patterns and software metrics so that they can capture security-specific properties of code and measure the security level quantitatively, and finally (3) will implement an automated framework for the developers to automatically extract the values of all the patterns and metrics for the given code segment and then flag the estimated security level as a feedback based on our research results. We accomplished some preliminary experiments and presented the results which indicate that our vision can be practically implemented and will have valuable implications in the community of software security.

2020-02-26
Diahovchenko, Illia, Kandaperumal, Gowtham, Srivastava, Anurag.  2019.  Distribution Power System Resiliency Improvement Using Distributed Generation and Automated Switching. 2019 IEEE 6th International Conference on Energy Smart Systems (ESS). :126–131.

The contemporary power distribution system is facing an increase in extreme weather events, cybersecurity threats and even physical threats such as terrorism. Therefore there is a growing interest towards resiliency estimation and improvement. In this paper the resiliency enhancement strategy by means of Distributed Energy Resources and Automated Switches is presented. Resiliency scores are calculated using Analytical Hierarchy Process. The developed algorithm was validated on the modified IEEE 123 node system. It provides the most resiliency feasible network that satisfies the primary goal of serving the critical loads.

2020-02-18
Zhang, Detian, Liu, An, Jin, Gaoming, Li, Qing.  2019.  Edge-Based Shortest Path Caching for Location-Based Services. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Web Services (ICWS). :320–327.

Shortest path queries on road networks are widely used in location-based services (LBS), e.g., finding the shortest route from my home to the airport through Google Maps. However, when there are a large number of path queries arrived concurrently or in a short while, an LBS provider (e.g., Google Maps) has to endure a high workload and then may lead to a long response time to users. Therefore, path caching services are utilized to accelerate large-scale path query processing, which try to store the historical path results and reuse them to answer the coming queries directly. However, most of existing path caches are organized based on nodes of paths; hence, the underlying road network topology is still needed to answer a path query when its querying origin or destination lies on edges. To overcome this limitation, we propose an edge-based shortest path cache in this paper that can efficiently handle queries without needing any road information, which is much more practical in the real world. We achieve this by designing a totally new edge-based path cache structure, an efficient R-tree-based cache lookup algorithm, and a greedy-based cache construction algorithm. Extensive experiments on a real road network and real point-of-interest datasets are conducted, and the results show the efficiency, scalability, and applicability of our proposed caching techniques.

2020-02-17
Ezick, James, Henretty, Tom, Baskaran, Muthu, Lethin, Richard, Feo, John, Tuan, Tai-Ching, Coley, Christopher, Leonard, Leslie, Agrawal, Rajeev, Parsons, Ben et al..  2019.  Combining Tensor Decompositions and Graph Analytics to Provide Cyber Situational Awareness at HPC Scale. 2019 IEEE High Performance Extreme Computing Conference (HPEC). :1–7.
This paper describes MADHAT (Multidimensional Anomaly Detection fusing HPC, Analytics, and Tensors), an integrated workflow that demonstrates the applicability of HPC resources to the problem of maintaining cyber situational awareness. MADHAT combines two high-performance packages: ENSIGN for large-scale sparse tensor decompositions and HAGGLE for graph analytics. Tensor decompositions isolate coherent patterns of network behavior in ways that common clustering methods based on distance metrics cannot. Parallelized graph analysis then uses directed queries on a representation that combines the elements of identified patterns with other available information (such as additional log fields, domain knowledge, network topology, whitelists and blacklists, prior feedback, and published alerts) to confirm or reject a threat hypothesis, collect context, and raise alerts. MADHAT was developed using the collaborative HPC Architecture for Cyber Situational Awareness (HACSAW) research environment and evaluated on structured network sensor logs collected from Defense Research and Engineering Network (DREN) sites using HPC resources at the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center DoD Supercomputing Resource Center (ERDC DSRC). To date, MADHAT has analyzed logs with over 650 million entries.
Maykot, Arthur S., Aranha Neto, Edison A. C., Oliva, Neimar A..  2019.  Automation of Manual Switches in Distribution Networks Focused on Self-Healing: A Step toward Smart Grids. 2019 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference - Latin America (ISGT Latin America). :1–4.
This work describes the self-healing systems and their benefits in the power distribution networks, with the objective of indicating which manual switch should become, as a matter of priority, automatic. The computational tool used is based on graph theory, genetic algorithms and multicriteria evaluation. There are benefits for consumers, that will benefit from a more reliable and stable system, and for the utility, that can reduce costs with team field and financial compensations payed to consumers in case of continuity indexes violation. Data from a real distribution network from the state of Sao Paulo will be used as a case study for the application of the methodology.
Hadar, Ethan, Hassanzadeh, Amin.  2019.  Big Data Analytics on Cyber Attack Graphs for Prioritizing Agile Security Requirements. 2019 IEEE 27th International Requirements Engineering Conference (RE). :330–339.
In enterprise environments, the amount of managed assets and vulnerabilities that can be exploited is staggering. Hackers' lateral movements between such assets generate a complex big data graph, that contains potential hacking paths. In this vision paper, we enumerate risk-reduction security requirements in large scale environments, then present the Agile Security methodology and technologies for detection, modeling, and constant prioritization of security requirements, agile style. Agile Security models different types of security requirements into the context of an attack graph, containing business process targets and critical assets identification, configuration items, and possible impacts of cyber-attacks. By simulating and analyzing virtual adversary attack paths toward cardinal assets, Agile Security examines the business impact on business processes and prioritizes surgical requirements. Thus, handling these requirements backlog that are constantly evaluated as an outcome of employing Agile Security, gradually increases system hardening, reduces business risks and informs the IT service desk or Security Operation Center what remediation action to perform next. Once remediated, Agile Security constantly recomputes residual risk, assessing risk increase by threat intelligence or infrastructure changes versus defender's remediation actions in order to drive overall attack surface reduction.
2020-02-10
Chen, Siyuan, Liu, Wei, Liu, Jiamou, Soo, Khí-Uí, Chen, Wu.  2019.  Maximizing Social Welfare in Fractional Hedonic Games using Shapley Value. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Agents (ICA). :21–26.
Fractional hedonic games (FHGs) are extensively studied in game theory and explain the formation of coalitions among individuals in a group. This paper investigates the coalition generation problem, namely, finding a coalition structure whose social welfare, i.e., the sum of the players' payoffs, is maximized. We focus on agent-based methods which set the decision rules for each player in the game. Through repeated interactions the players arrive at a coalition structure. In particular, we propose CFSV, namely, coalition formation with Shapley value-based welfare distribution scheme. To evaluate CFSV, we theoretically demonstrate that this algorithm achieves optimal coalition structure over certain standard graph classes and empirically compare the algorithm against other existing benchmarks on real-world and synthetic graphs. The results show that CFSV is able to achieve superior performance.
Singh, Neeraj Kumar, Mahajan, Vasundhara.  2019.  Fuzzy Logic for Reducing Data Loss during Cyber Intrusion in Smart Grid Wireless Network. 2019 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development (SCOReD). :192–197.
Smart grid consists of smart devices to control, record and analyze the grid power flow. All these devices belong to the latest technology, which is used to interact through the wireless network making the grid communication network vulnerable to cyber attack. This paper deals with a novel approach using altering the Internet Protocol (IP) address of the smart grid communication network using fuzzy logic according to the degree of node. Through graph theory approach Wireless Communication Network (WCN) is designed by considering each node of the system as a smart sensor. In this each node communicates with other nearby nodes for exchange of data. Whenever there is cyber intrusion the WCN change its IP using proposed fuzzy rules, where higher degree nodes are given the preference to change first with extreme IP available in the system. Using the proposed algorithm, different IEEE test systems are simulated and compared with existing Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). The fuzzy logic approach reduces the data loss and improves the system response time.