Visible to the public Biblio

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2021-07-08
AlQahtani, Ali Abdullah S, Alamleh, Hosam, Gourd, Jean, Alnuhait, Hend.  2020.  TS2FA: Trilateration System Two Factor Authentication. 2020 3rd International Conference on Computer Applications Information Security (ICCAIS). :1—4.
Two-factor authentication (2FA) systems implement by verifying at least two factors. A factor is something a user knows (password, or phrase), something a user possesses (smart card, or smartphone), something a user is (fingerprint, or iris), something a user does (keystroke), or somewhere a user is (location). In the existing 2FA system, a user is required to act in order to implement the second layer of authentication which is not very user-friendly. Smart devices (phones, laptops, tablets, etc.) can receive signals from different radio frequency technologies within range. As these devices move among networks (Wi-Fi access points, cellphone towers, etc.), they receive broadcast messages, some of which can be used to collect information. This information can be utilized in a variety of ways, such as establishing a connection, sharing information, locating devices, and, most appropriately, identifying users in range. The principal benefit of broadcast messages is that the devices can read and process the embedded information without being connected to the broadcaster. Moreover, the broadcast messages can be received only within range of the wireless access point sending the broadcast, thus inherently limiting access to those devices in close physical proximity and facilitating many applications dependent on that proximity. In the proposed research, a new factor is used - something that is in the user's environment with minimal user involvement. Data from these broadcast messages is utilized to implement a 2FA scheme by determining whether two devices are proximate or not to ensure that they belong to the same user.
2021-05-13
Whaiduzzaman, Md, Oliullah, Khondokar, Mahi, Md. Julkar Nayeen, Barros, Alistair.  2020.  AUASF: An Anonymous Users Authentication Scheme for Fog-IoT Environment. 2020 11th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). :1—7.
Authentication is a challenging and emerging issue for Fog-IoT security paradigms. The fog nodes toward large-scale end-users offer various interacted IoT services. The authentication process usually involves expressing users' personal information such as username, email, and password to the Authentication Server (AS). However, users are not intended to express their identities or information over the fog or cloud servers. Hence, we have proposed an Anonymous User Authentication Scheme for Fog-IoT (AUASF) to keep the anonymity existence of the IoT users and detect the intruders. To provide anonymity, the user can send encrypted credentials such as username, email, and mobile number through the Cloud Service Provider (CSP) for registration. IoT user receives the response with a default password and a secret Id from the CSP. After that, the IoT user submits the default password for first-time access to Fog Service Provider (FSP). The FSP assigns a One Time Password (OTP) to each user for further access. The developed scheme is equipped with hash functions, symmetric encryptions, and decryptions for security perceptions across fog that serves better than the existing anonymity schemes.
2021-05-03
Raj A.G.R., Rahul, Sunitha, R., Prasad, H.B..  2020.  Mitigating DDoS Flooding Attacks with Dynamic Path Identifiers in Wireless Network. 2020 Second International Conference on Inventive Research in Computing Applications (ICIRCA). :869–874.
The usage of wireless devices is increased from last decade due to its reliable, fast and easy transfer of data. Ensuring the security to these networks is a crucial thing. There are several types of network attacks, in this paper, DDoS attacks on networks and techniques, consequences, effects and prevention methods are focused on. The DDoS attack is carried out by multiple attackers on a system which floods the system with a greater number of incoming requests to the system. The destination system cannot immediately respond to the huge requests, due to this server crashes or halts. To detect, or to avoid such scenarios Intrusion prevention system is designed. The IPS block the network attacker at its first hop and thus reduce the malicious traffic near its source. Intrusion detection system prevents the attack without the prior knowledge of the attacker. The attack is detected at the router side and path is changed to transfer the files. The proposed model is designed to obtain the dynamic path for efficient transmission in wireless neworks.
2021-01-28
Kalaiyarasi, G., Balaji, K., Narmadha, T., Naveen, V..  2020.  E-Voting System In Smart Phone Using Mobile Application. 2020 6th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS). :1466—1469.

The development in the web technologies given growth to the new application that will make the voting process very easy and proficient. The E-voting helps in providing convenient, capture and count the votes in an election. This project provides the description about e-voting using an Android platform. The proposed e-voting system helps the user to cast the vote without visiting the polling booth. The application provides authentication measures in order to avoid fraud voters using the OTP. Once the voting process is finished the results will be available within a fraction of seconds. All the casted vote count is encrypted using AES256 algorithm and stored in the database in order to avoid any outbreaks and revelation of results by third person other than the administrator.

2020-09-04
Manucom, Emraida Marie M., Gerardo, Bobby D., Medina, Ruji P..  2019.  Security Analysis of Improved One-Time Pad Cryptography Using TRNG Key Generator. 2019 IEEE 5th International Conference on Computer and Communications (ICCC). :1515—1521.
Cryptography is one of the important aspect of data and information security. The security strength of cryptographic algorithms rely on the secrecy and randomness of keys. In this study, bitwise operations, Fisher-Yates shuffling algorithm, and cipher text mapping are integrated in the proposed TRNG key generator for One-Time Pad cryptography. Frequency monobit, frequency within a block, and runs tests are performed to evaluate the key randomness. The proposed method is also evaluated in terms of avalanche effect and brute force attack. Tests results indicate that the proposed method generates more random keys and has a higher level of security compared with the usual OTP using PRNG and TRNGs that do not undergo a refining phase.
2020-03-23
Manucom, Emraida Marie M., Gerardo, Bobby D., Medina, Ruji P..  2019.  Analysis of Key Randomness in Improved One-Time Pad Cryptography. 2019 IEEE 13th International Conference on Anti-counterfeiting, Security, and Identification (ASID). :11–16.
In cryptography, one-time pad (OTP) is claimed to be the perfect secrecy algorithm in several works if all of its features are applied correctly. Its secrecy depends mostly on random keys, which must be truly random and unpredictable. Random number generators are used in key generation. In Psuedo Random Number Generator (PRNG), the possibility of producing numbers that are predictable and repeated exists. In this study, a proposed method using True Random Number Generator (TRNG) and Fisher-Yates shuffling algorithm are implemented to generate random keys for OTP. Frequency (monobit) test, frequency test within a block, and runs tests are performed and showed that the proposed method produces more random keys. Sufficient confusion and diffusion properties are obtained using Pearson correlation analysis.
2019-12-30
Sharma, Mukesh Kumar, Somwanshi, Devendra.  2018.  Improvement in Homomorphic Encryption Algorithm with Elliptic Curve Cryptography and OTP Technique. 2018 3rd International Conference and Workshops on Recent Advances and Innovations in Engineering (ICRAIE). :1–6.
Cloud computing is a technology is where client require not to stress over the expense of equipment establishment and their support cost. Distributed computing is presently turned out to be most prominent innovation on account of its accessibility, ease and some different elements. Yet, there is a few issues in distributed computing, the principle one is security in light of the fact that each client store their valuable information on the system so they need their information ought to be shielded from any unapproved get to, any progressions that isn't done for client's benefit. To take care of the issue of Key administration, Key Sharing different plans have been proposed. The outsider examiner is the plan for key administration and key sharing. The primary preferred standpoint of this is the cloud supplier can encourage the administration which was accessible by the customary outsider evaluator and make it trustful. The outsider examining plan will be fizzled, if the outsider's security is endangered or of the outsider will be malignant. To take care of the issue, there is another modular for key sharing and key administration in completely Homomorphic Encryption conspire is outlined. In this paper we utilized the symmetric key understanding calculation named Diffie Hellman to make session key between two gatherings who need to impart and elliptic curve cryptography to create encryption keys rather than RSA and have utilized One Time Password (OTP) for confirming the clients.
2018-02-02
Patoliya, J. J., Desai, M. M..  2017.  Face detection based ATM security system using embedded Linux platform. 2017 2nd International Conference for Convergence in Technology (I2CT). :74–78.

In order to provide reliable security solution to the people, the concept of smart ATM security system based on Embedded Linux platform is suggested in this paper. The study is focused on Design and Implementation of Face Detection based ATM Security System using Embedded Linux Platform. The system is implemented on the credit card size Raspberry Pi board with extended capability of open source Computer Vision (OpenCV) software which is used for Image processing operation. High level security mechanism is provided by the consecutive actions such as initially system captures the human face and check whether the human face is detected properly or not. If the face is not detected properly, it warns the user to adjust him/her properly to detect the face. Still the face is not detected properly the system will lock the door of the ATM cabin for security purpose. As soon as the door is lock, the system will automatic generates 3 digit OTP code. The OTP code will be sent to the watchman's registered mobile number through SMS using GSM module which is connected with the raspberry Pi. Watchman will enter the generated OTP through keypad which is interfaced with the Pi Board. The OTP will be verified and if it is correct then door will be unlock otherwise it will remain lock.