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2022-05-24
Liu, Yizhong, Xia, Yu, Liu, Jianwei, Hei, Yiming.  2021.  A Secure and Decentralized Reconfiguration Protocol For Sharding Blockchains. 2021 7th IEEE Intl Conference on Big Data Security on Cloud (BigDataSecurity), IEEE Intl Conference on High Performance and Smart Computing, (HPSC) and IEEE Intl Conference on Intelligent Data and Security (IDS). :111–116.
Most present reconfiguration methods in sharding blockchains rely on a secure randomness, whose generation might be complicated. Besides, a reference committee is usually in charge of the reconfiguration, making the process not decentralized. To address the above issues, this paper proposes a secure and decentralized shard reconfiguration protocol, which allows each shard to complete the selection and confirmation of its own shard members in turn. The PoW mining puzzle is calculated using the public key hash value in the member list confirmed by the last shard. Through the mining and shard member list commitment process, each shard can update its members safely and efficiently once in a while. Furthermore, it is proved that our protocol satisfies the safety, consistency, liveness, and decentralization properties. The honest member proportion in each confirmed shard member list is guaranteed to exceed a certain safety threshold, and all honest nodes have an identical view on the list. The reconfiguration is ensured to make progress, and each node has the same right to participate in the process. Our secure and decentralized shard reconfiguration protocol could be applied to all committee-based sharding blockchains.
2022-05-09
Aman, Mohd, Verma, Prashant, Rajeswari, D.  2021.  Secure Cloud Data Deduplication with Efficient Re-Encryption. 2021 International Conference on Intelligent Technologies (CONIT). :1–4.
After the emergence of the cloud architecture, many companies migrate their data from conventional storage i.e., on bare metal to the cloud storage. Since then huge amount of data was stored on cloud servers, which later resulted in redundancy of huge amount of data. Hence in this cloud world, many data de-duplication techniques has been widely used. Not only the redundancy but also made data more secure and privacy of the existing data were also increased. Some techniques got limitations and some have their own advantages based on the requirements. Some of the attributes like data privacy, tag regularity and interruption to brute-force attacks. To make data deduplication technique more efficient based on the requirements. This paper will discuss schemes that brace user-defined access control, by allowing the service provider to get information of the information owners. Thus our scheme eliminates redundancy of the data without breaching the privacy and security of clients that depends on service providers. Our lastest deduplication scheme after performing various algorithms resulted in conclusion and producing more efficient data confidentiality and tag consistency. This paper has discussion on various techniques and their drawbacks for the effectiveness of the deduplication.
Zhou, Rui, He, Mingxing, Chen, Zhimin.  2021.  Certificateless Public Auditing Scheme with Data Privacy Preserving for Cloud Storage. 2021 IEEE 6th International Conference on Cloud Computing and Big Data Analytics (ICCCBDA). :675–682.
Rapid development of cloud storage services, users are allowed to upload heavy storage and computational cost to cloud to reduce the local resource and energy consumption. While people enjoy the desirable benefits from the cloud storage service, critical security concerns in data outsourcing have been raised seriously. In the cloud storage service, data owner loses the physical control of the data and these data are fully controlled by the cloud server. As such, the integrity of outsourced data is being put at risk in reality. Remote data integrity checking (RDIC) is an effective solution to checking the integrity of uploaded data. However, most RDIC schemes are rely on traditional public key infrastructure (PKI), which leads communication and storage overhead due to the certificate management. Identity-based RDIC scheme is not need the storage management, but it has a drawback of key escrow. To solve these problems, we propose a practical certificateless RDIC scheme. Moreover, many public auditing schemes authorize the third party auditor (TPA) to check the integrity of remote data and the TPA is not fully trusted. Thus, we take the data privacy into account. The proposed scheme not only can overcome the above deficiencies but also able to preserve the data privacy against the TPA. Our theoretical analyses prove that our mechanism is correct and secure, and our mechanism is able to audit the integrity of cloud data efficiently.
Huang, Liangqun, Xu, Lei, Zhu, Liehuang, Gai, Keke.  2021.  A Blockchain-Assisted Privacy-Preserving Cloud Computing Method with Multiple Keys. 2021 IEEE 6th International Conference on Smart Cloud (SmartCloud). :19–25.
How to analyze users' data without compromising individual privacy is an important issue in cloud computing. In order to protect privacy and enable the cloud to perform computing, users can apply homomorphic encryption schemes to their data. Most of existing homomorphic encryption-based cloud computing methods require that users' data are encrypted with the same key. While in practice, different users may prefer to use different keys. In this paper, we propose a privacy-preserving cloud computing method which adopts a double-trapdoor homomorphic encryption scheme to deal with the multi-key issue. The proposed method uses two cloud servers to analyze users' encrypted data. And we propose to use blockchain to monitor the information exchanged between the servers. Security analysis shows that the introduction of blockchain can help to prevent the two servers from colluding with each other, hence data privacy is further enhanced. And we conduct simulations to demonstrate the feasibility of the propose method.
2022-05-06
Hu, Xiaoyan, Song, Xiaoyi, Cheng, Guang, Gong, Jian, Yang, Lu, Chen, Honggang, Liang, Zhichao.  2021.  Towards Efficient Co-audit of Privacy-Preserving Data on Consortium Blockchain via Group Key Agreement. 2021 17th International Conference on Mobility, Sensing and Networking (MSN). :494–501.
Blockchain is well known for its storage consistency, decentralization and tamper-proof, but the privacy disclosure and difficulty in auditing discourage the innovative application of blockchain technology. As compared to public blockchain and private blockchain, consortium blockchain is widely used across different industries and use cases due to its privacy-preserving ability, auditability and high transaction rate. However, the present co-audit of privacy-preserving data on consortium blockchain is inefficient. Private data is usually encrypted by a session key before being published on a consortium blockchain for privacy preservation. The session key is shared with transaction parties and auditors for their access. For decentralizing auditorial power, multiple auditors on the consortium blockchain jointly undertake the responsibility of auditing. The distribution of the session key to an auditor requires individually encrypting the session key with the public key of the auditor. The transaction initiator needs to be online when each auditor asks for the session key, and one encryption of the session key for each auditor consumes resources. This work proposes GAChain and applies group key agreement technology to efficiently co-audit privacy-preserving data on consortium blockchain. Multiple auditors on the consortium blockchain form a group and utilize the blockchain to generate a shared group encryption key and their respective group decryption keys. The session key is encrypted only once by the group encryption key and stored on the consortium blockchain together with the encrypted private data. Auditors then obtain the encrypted session key from the chain and decrypt it with their respective group decryption key for co-auditing. The group key generation is involved only when the group forms or group membership changes, which happens very infrequently on the consortium blockchain. We implement the prototype of GAChain based on Hyperledger Fabric framework. Our experimental studies demonstrate that GAChain improves the co-audit efficiency of transactions containing private data on Fabric, and its incurred overhead is moderate.
Vamshi, A, Rao, Gudeme Jaya, Pasupuleti, Syam Kumar, Eswari, R.  2021.  EPF-CLPA: An Efficient Pairing-Free Certificateless Public Auditing for Cloud-based CPS. 2021 5th International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Control Systems (ICICCS). :48–54.
Cloud based cyber physical system (CPS) enables individuals to store and share data collected from both cyberspace and the physical world. This leads to the proliferation of massive data at a user's local site. Since local storage systems can't store and maintain huge data, it is a wise and practical way to outsource such huge data to the cloud. Cloud storage provides scalable storage space to manage data economically and flexibly. However, the integrity of outsourced data is a critical challenge because user's lose control of their data once it's transferred to cloud servers. Several auditing schemes have been put forward based on public key infrastructure (PKI) or identity-based cryptography to verify data integrity. However, “the PKI-based schemes suffer from certificate management problem and identity-based schemes face the key escrow” problem. Therefore, to address these problems, certificateless public auditing schemes have been introduced on the basis of bilinear pairing, which incur high computation overhead, and thus it is not suitable for CPS. To reduce the computation overhead, in this paper, Using elliptic curve cryptography, we propose an efficient pairing-free certificateless public auditing scheme for cloud-based CPS. The proposed scheme is more secure against type I/II/III adversaries and efficient compared to other certificateless based schemes.
2022-05-05
Srinadh, V, Maram, Balajee, Daniya, T..  2021.  Data Security And Recovery Approach Using Elliptic Curve Cryptography. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Computation System and Information Technology for Sustainable Solutions (CSITSS). :1—6.
The transmission of various facilities and services via the network is known as cloud computing. They involve data storage, data centers, networks, internet, and software applications, among other systems and features. Cryptography is a technique in which plain text is converted into cipher-text to preserve information security. It basically consists of encryption and decryption. The level of safety is determined by the category of encryption and decryption technique employed. The key plays an important part in the encryption method. If the key is leaked, anyone can intrude into the data and there is no use of this encryption. When the data is lost and the server fails to deliver it to the user, then it is to be recovered from any of the backup server using a recovery technique. The main objective is to develop an advanced method to increase the scope for data protection in cloud. Elliptic Curve Cryptography is a relatively new approach in the area of cryptography. The degree of security provides higher as compared to other Cryptographic techniques. The raw data and it’s accompanying as CII characters are combined and sent into the Elliptic Curve Cryptography as a source. This method eliminates the need for the transmitter and recipient to have a similar search database. Finally, a plain text is converted into cipher-text using Elliptic Curve Cryptography. The results are oat aimed by implementing a C program for Elliptic Curve Cryptography. Encryption, decryption and recovery using suitable algorithms are done.
2022-04-26
AlQahtani, Ali Abdullah S., Alamleh, Hosam, El-Awadi, Zakaria.  2021.  Secure Digital Signature Validated by Ambient User amp;\#x2019;s Wi-Fi-enabled devices. 2021 IEEE 5th International Conference on Information Technology, Information Systems and Electrical Engineering (ICITISEE). :159–162.

In cyberspace, a digital signature is a mathematical technique that plays a significant role, especially in validating the authenticity of digital messages, emails, or documents. Furthermore, the digital signature mechanism allows the recipient to trust the authenticity of the received message that is coming from the said sender and that the message was not altered in transit. Moreover, a digital signature provides a solution to the problems of tampering and impersonation in digital communications. In a real-life example, it is equivalent to a handwritten signature or stamp seal, but it offers more security. This paper proposes a scheme to enable users to digitally sign their communications by validating their identity through users’ mobile devices. This is done by utilizing the user’s ambient Wi-Fi-enabled devices. Moreover, the proposed scheme depends on something that a user possesses (i.e., Wi-Fi-enabled devices), and something that is in the user’s environment (i.e., ambient Wi-Fi access points) where the validation process is implemented, in a way that requires no effort from users and removes the "weak link" from the validation process. The proposed scheme was experimentally examined.

2022-04-19
Fionov, Andrey, Klevtsov, Alexandr.  2021.  Eliminating Broadband Covert Channels in DSA-Like Signatures. 2021 XVII International Symposium "Problems of Redundancy in Information and Control Systems" (REDUNDANCY). :45–48.
The Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) is a representative of a family of digital signature algorithms that are known to have a number of subliminal channels for covert data transmission. The capacity of these channels stretches from several bits (narrowband channels) to about 256 or so bits (a broadband channel). There are a couple of methods described in the literature to prevent the usage of the broadband channel with the help of a warden. In the present paper, we discuss some weaknesses of the known methods and suggest a solution that is free of the weaknesses and eliminates the broadband covert channel. Our solution also requires a warden who does not participate in signature generation and is able to check any signed message for the absence of the covert communication.
Kumar, Vipin, Malik, Navneet.  2021.  Dynamic Key Management Scheme for Clustered Sensor Networks with Node Addition Support. 2021 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Engineering and Management (ICIEM). :102–107.
A sensor network is wireless with tiny nodes and widely used in various applications. To track the event and collect the data from a remote area or a hostile area sensor network is used. A WSN collects wirelessly connected tiny sensors with minimal resources like the battery, computation power, and memory. When a sensor collects data, it must be transferred to the control center through the gateway (Sink), and it must be transferred safely. For secure transfer of data in the network, the routing protocol must be safe and can use the cryptography method for authentication and confidentiality. An essential issue in WSN structure is the key management. WSN relies on the strength of the communicating devices, battery power, and sensor nodes to communicate in the wireless environment over a limited region. Due to energy and memory limitations, the construction of a fully functional network needs to be well arranged. Several techniques are available in the current literature for such key management techniques. Among the distribution of key over the network, sharing private and public keys is the most important. Network security is not an easy problem because of its limited resources, and these networks are deployed in unattended areas where they work without any human intervention. These networks are used to monitor buildings and airports, so security is always a major issue for these networks. In this paper, we proposed a dynamic key management scheme for the clustered sensor network that also supports the addition of a new node in the network later. Keys are dynamically generated and securely distributed to communication parties with the help of a cluster head. We verify the immunity of the scheme against various attacks like replay attack and node captured attacker. A simulation study was also done on energy consumption for key setup and refreshed the keys. Security analysis of scheme shows batter resiliency against node capture attack.
2022-04-01
Kamal, Naheel Faisal, Malluhi, Qutaibah.  2021.  Client-Based Secure IoT Data Sharing using Untrusted Clouds. 2021 IEEE 7th World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT). :409—414.
IoT systems commonly rely on cloud services. However, utilizing cloud providers can be problematic in terms of data security. Data stored in the cloud need to be secured from unauthorized malicious nodes and from the cloud providers themselves. Using a simple symmetric cipher can encrypt the data before uploading and decrypt it while retrieving. However, such a solution can be only applied between two parties with no support for multiple nodes. Whereas in IoT scenarios, many smart devices communicate and share data with each other. This paper proposes a solution that tackles the issue of sharing data securely between IoT devices by implementing a system that allows secure sharing of encrypted data in untrusted clouds. The implementation of the system performs the computation on connectionless clients with no involvement of the cloud server nor any third party. The cloud server is only used as a passive storage server. Analysis of the implemented prototype demonstrates that the system can be used in real-life applications with relatively small overhead. Based on the used hardware, key generation takes about 60 nanoseconds and the storage overhead is only a few kilobytes for large number of files and/or users.
Uddin, Md. Nasim, Hasnat, Abu Hayat Mohammed Abul, Nasrin, Shamima, Alam, Md. Shahinur, Yousuf, Mohammad Abu.  2021.  Secure File Sharing System Using Blockchain, IPFS and PKI Technologies. 2021 5th International Conference on Electrical Information and Communication Technology (EICT). :1—5.
People are dependent on Trusted Third Party (TTP) administration based Centralized systems for content sharing having a deficit of security, faith, immutability, and clearness. This work has proposed a file-sharing environment based on Blockchain by clouting the Interplanetary File System (IPFS) and Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) systems, advantages for overcoming these troubles. The smart contract is implemented to control the access privilege and the modified version of IPFS software is utilized to enforce the predefined access-control list. An application framework on a secure decentralized file sharing system is presented in combination with IPFS and PKI to secure file sharing. PKI having public and private keys is used to enable encryption and decryption of every file transaction and authentication of identities through Metamask to cryptographically recognize account ownership in the Blockchain system. A gas consumption-based result analysis is done in the private Ethereum network and it attains transparency, security managed access, and quality of data indicating better efficacy of this work.
Gu, Xiaozhuo, Wang, Ziliang, Fu, Maomao, Ren, Peixin.  2021.  A Certificateless Searchable Public Key Encryption Scheme for Multiple Receivers. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Web Services (ICWS). :635—641.

Security, efficiency and availability are three key factors that affect the application of searchable encryption schemes in mobile cloud computing environments. In order to meet the above characteristics, this paper proposes a certificateless public key encryption with a keyword search (CLPEKS) scheme. In this scheme, a CLPEKS generation method and a Trapdoor generation method are designed to support multiple receivers to query. Based on the elliptic curve scalar multiplication, the efficiencies of encrypting keywords, generating Trapdoors, and testing are improved. By adding a random number factor to the Trapdoor generation, the scheme can resist the internal keyword guessing attacks. Under the random oracle model, it is proved that the scheme can resist keyword guessing attacks. Theoretical analyses and implementation show that the proposed scheme is more efficient than the existing schemes.

Peng, Haiyang, Yao, Hao, Zhao, Yue, Chen, Yuxiang, He, YaChen, He, Shanxiang.  2021.  A dense state search method in edge computing environment. 2021 6th International Conference on Communication, Image and Signal Processing (CCISP). :16—22.
In view of the common edge computing-based cloud-side collaborative environment summary existing search key and authentication key sharing caused by data information leakage, this paper proposes a cryptographic search based on public key searchable encryption in an edge computing environment method, this article uses the public key to search for the characteristics of the encryption algorithm, and allows users to manage the corresponding private key. In the process of retrieval and execution, the security of the system can be effectively ensured through the secret trapdoor. Through the comparison of theoretical algorithms, the searchable encryption scheme in the edge computing environment proposed in this paper can effectively reduce the computing overhead on the user side, and complete the over-complex computing process on the edge server or the central server, which can improve the overall efficiency of encrypted search.
2022-02-25
Zheng, Siyuan, Yin, Changqing, Wu, Bin.  2021.  Keys as Secret Messages: Provably Secure and Efficiency-balanced Steganography on Blockchain. 2021 IEEE Intl Conf on Parallel Distributed Processing with Applications, Big Data Cloud Computing, Sustainable Computing Communications, Social Computing Networking (ISPA/BDCloud/SocialCom/SustainCom). :1269–1278.
To improve efficiency of stegosystem on blockchain and balance the time consumption of Encode and Decode operations, we propose a new blockchain-based steganography scheme, called Keys as Secret Messages (KASM), where a codebook of mappings between bitstrings and public keys can be pre-calculated by both sides with some secret parameters pre-negotiated before covert communication. By applying properties of elliptic curves and pseudorandom number generators, we realize key derivation of codebook item, and we construct the stegosystem with provable security under chosen hiddentext attack. By comparing KASM with Blockchain Covert Channel (BLOCCE) and testing on Bitcoin protocol, we conclude that our proposed stegosystem encodes hiddentexts faster than BLOCCE does and can decode stegotexts in highly acceptable time. The balanced time consumption of Encode and Decode operations of KASM make it applicable in the scene of duplex communication. At the same time, KASM does not leak sender’s private keys, so sender’s digital currencies can be protected.
2022-02-24
Loganathan, K., Saranya, D..  2021.  An Extensive Web Security Through Cloud Based Double Layer Password Encryption (DLPE) Algorithm for Secured Management Systems. 2021 International Conference on System, Computation, Automation and Networking (ICSCAN). :1–6.
Nowadays , cloud -based technology has been enlarged depends on the human necessities in the world. A lot of technologies is discovered that serve the people in different ways of cloud -based security and best resource allocation. Cloud-based technology is the essential factor to the resources like hardware, software for effective resource utilization . The securing applications enabled security mechanism enables the vital role for cloud -based web security through the secured password. The violation of data by the unauthorized access of users concerns many web developers and application owners . Web security enables the cloud-based password management system that illustrates the data storage and the web passwords access through the "Cloud framework". Web security, End-to-end passwords , and all the browser -based passwords could belong to the analysis of web security . The aim is to enhance system security. Thus, sensitive data are sustained with security and privacy . In this paper , the proposed Password Management via cloud-based web security gets to attain . An efficient Double Layer Password Encryption (DLPE ) algorithm to enable the secured password management system . Text -based passwords continue to be the most popular method of online user identification . They safeguard internet accounts with important assets against harmful attempts on passwords. The security of passwords is dependent on the development of strong passwords and keeping them from being stolen by intruders . The proposed DLPE algorithm perceived the double - layer encryption system as an effective security concern. When the data user accesses the user Login , the OTP generates via mail /SMS , and the original message is encrypted using public key generation. Then the text of data gets doubly encrypted through the cloud framework . The private key is used to decipher the cipher text . If the OTP gets matched , the text is to be decrypted over the text data . When double encryption happens , the detection of data flaws, malicious attacks , application hackers gets reduced and the strong password enabled double-layer encryption attained the secured data access without any malicious attackers . The data integrity , confidentiality enabled password management . The ability to manage a distributed systems policy like the Double Layer Password encryption technique enables password verification for the data used to highly secure the data or information.
2022-02-22
Zhang, Kun, Wang, Yubo, Ning, Zhenhu.  2021.  Certificateless Peer-to-Peer Key Agreement Protocol for the Perception Layer of Internet of Things. 2021 6th International Conference on Image, Vision and Computing (ICIVC). :436—440.
Due to the computing capability limitation of the Internet of things devices in the perception layer, the traditional security solutions are difficult to be used directly. How to design a new lightweight, secure and reliable protocol suitable for the Internet of Things application environment, and realize the secure transmission of information among many sensing checkpoints is an urgent problem to be solved. In this paper, we propose a decentralized lightweight authentication key protocol based on the combination of public key and trusted computing technology, which is used to establish secure communication between nodes in the perception layer. The various attacks that the protocol may suffer are analyzed, and the formal analysis method is used to verify the security of the protocol. To verify the validity of the protocol, the computation and communication cost of the protocol are compared with the existing key protocols. And the results show that the protocol achieved the promised performance.
2022-01-31
Mueller, Tobias.  2021.  Let’s Attest! Multi-modal Certificate Exchange for the Web of Trust. 2021 International Conference on Information Networking (ICOIN). :758—763.
On the Internet, trust is difficult to obtain. With the rise of the possibility of obtaining gratis x509 certificates in an automated fashion, the use of TLS for establishing secure connections has significantly increased. However, other use cases, such as end-to-end encrypted messaging, do not yet have an easy method of managing trust in the public keys. This is particularly true for personal communication where two people want to securely exchange messages. While centralised solutions, such as Signal, exist, decentralised and federated protocols lack a way of conveniently and securely exchanging personal certificates. This paper presents a protocol and an implementation for certifying OpenPGP certificates. By offering multiple means of data transport protocols, it achieves robust and resilient certificate exchange between an attestee, the party whose key certificate is to be certified, and an attestor, the party who will express trust in the certificate once seen. The data can be transferred either via the Internet or via proximity-based technologies, i.e. Bluetooth or link-local networking. The former presents a challenge when the parties interested in exchanging certificates are not physically close, because an attacker may tamper with the connection. Our evaluation shows that a passive attacker learns nothing except the publicly visible metadata, e.g. the timings of the transfer while an active attacker can either have success with a very low probability or be detected by the user.
2022-01-25
He, YaChen, Dong, Guishan, Liu, Dong, Peng, Haiyang, Chen, Yuxiang.  2021.  Access Control Scheme Supporting Attribute Revocation in Cloud Computing. 2021 International Conference on Networking and Network Applications (NaNA). :379–384.
To break the data barrier of the information island and explore the value of data in the past few years, it has become a trend of uploading data to the cloud by data owners for data sharing. At the same time, they also hope that the uploaded data can still be controlled, which makes access control of cloud data become an intractable problem. As a famous cryptographic technology, ciphertext policy-based attribute encryption (CP-ABE) not only assures data confidentiality but implements fine-grained access control. However, the actual application of CP-ABE has its inherent challenge in attribute revocation. To address this challenge, we proposed an access control solution supporting attribute revocation in cloud computing. Unlike previous attribute revocation schemes, to solve the problem of excessive attribute revocation overhead, we use symmetric encryption technology to encrypt the plaintext data firstly, and then, encrypting the symmetric key by utilizing public-key encryption technology according to the access structure, so that only the key ciphertext is necessary to update when the attributes are revoked, which reduces the spending of ciphertext update to a great degree. The comparative analysis demonstrates that our solution is reasonably efficient and more secure to support attribute revocation and access control after data sharing.
2022-01-10
Acharya, Abiral, Oluoch, Jared.  2021.  A Dual Approach for Preventing Blackhole Attacks in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks Using Statistical Techniques and Supervised Machine Learning. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Electro Information Technology (EIT). :230–235.
Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) have the potential to improve road safety and reduce traffic congestion by enhancing sharing of messages about road conditions. Communication in VANETs depends upon a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) that checks for message confidentiality, integrity, and authentication. One challenge that the PKI infrastructure does not eliminate is the possibility of malicious vehicles mounting a Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack. We present a scheme that combines statistical modeling and machine learning techniques to detect and prevent blackhole attacks in a VANET environment.Simulation results demonstrate that on average, our model produces an Area Under The Curve (ROC) and Receiver Operating Characteristics (AUC) score of 96.78% which is much higher than a no skill ROC AUC score and only 3.22% away from an ideal ROC AUC score. Considering all the performance metrics, we show that the Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Gradient Boosting classifier are more accurate and perform consistently better under various circumstances. Both have an accuracy of over 98%, F1-scores of over 95%, and ROC AUC scores of over 97%. Our scheme is robust and accurate as evidenced by its ability to identify and prevent blackhole attacks. Moreover, the scheme is scalable in that addition of vehicles to the network does not compromise its accuracy and robustness.
Liu, Fuwen, Su, Li, Yang, Bo, Du, Haitao, Qi, Minpeng, He, Shen.  2021.  Security Enhancements to Subscriber Privacy Protection Scheme in 5G Systems. 2021 International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing (IWCMC). :451–456.
Subscription permanent identifier has been concealed in the 5G systems by using the asymmetric encryption scheme as specified in standard 3GPP TS 33.501 to protect the subscriber privacy. The standardized scheme is however subject to the SUPI guess attack as the public key of the home network is publicly available. Moreover, it lacks the inherent mechanism to prevent SUCI replay attacks. In this paper, we propose three methods to enhance the security of the 3GPP scheme to thwart the SUPI guess attack and replay attack. One of these methods is suggested to be used to strengthen the security of the current subscriber protection scheme.
Shoshina, Anastasiia V., Borzunov, Georgii I., Ivanova, Ekaterina Y..  2021.  Application of Bio-inspired Algorithms to the Cryptanalysis of Asymmetric Ciphers on the Basis of Composite Number. 2021 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (ElConRus). :2399–2403.
In some cases, the confidentiality of cryptographic algorithms used in digital communication is related to computational complexity mathematical problems, such as calculating the discrete logarithm, the knapsack problem, decomposing a composite number into prime divisors etc. This article describes the application of insolvability of factorization of a large composite number, and reviews previous work integer factorization using either the deterministic or the bio-inspired algorithms. This article focuses on the possibility of using bio-inspired methods to solve the problem of cryptanalysis of asymmetric encryption algorithms, which ones based on factorization of composite numbers. The purpose of this one is to reviewing previous work in integer factorization algorithms, developing a prototype of either the deterministic and the bio-inspired algorithm and the effectiveness of the developed algorithms and recommendations are made for future research paths.
Yao, Bing, Xie, Jianmin, Wang, Hongyu, Su, Jing.  2021.  Degree-sequence Homomorphisms For Homomorphic Encryption Of Information. 2021 IEEE 5th Information Technology,Networking,Electronic and Automation Control Conference (ITNEC). 5:132–136.
The cipher-text homomorphism encryption algorithm (homomorphic encryption) are used for the cloud safe and to solve the integrity, availability and controllability of information. For homomorphic encryption, we, by Topsnut-gpw technique, design: degree-sequence homomorphisms and their inverses, degree-sequence homomorphic chain, graph-set homomorphism, colored degree-sequence matrices and every-zero Cds-matrix groups, degree-coinciding degree-sequence lattice, degree-joining degree-sequence lattice, as well as degree-sequence lattice homomorphism, since number-based strings made by Topsnut-gpws of topological coding are irreversible, and Topsnut-gpws can realize: one public-key corresponds two or more privatekeys, and more public-key correspond one or more private-keys for asymmetric encryption algorithm.
Jahan, Nusrat, Mahmood, Md. Ashiq.  2021.  Securely Distributing Files in Cloud Environment by Dispensing Asymmetric Key Management System applying Hashing. 2021 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Smart Systems (ICAIS). :1105–1110.
An emerging widely used technology cloud computing which a paddle of computing resources is available for the users. Through the internet-based the resources could be supplied to cloud consumers at their request but it is not directly active management by the user. This application-based software infrastructure can store data on remote serves, which can be accessed through the internet and a user who wants to access data stored in the cloud have to use an internet browser or cloud computing software. Data protection has become one of the significant issues in cloud computing when users must rely on their cloud providers for security purposes. In this article, a system that can embarrass the disclosure of the key for distributing a file that will assure security dispensing asymmetric key and sharing it among the cloud environment and user perform the integrity check themselves rather than using third-party services by using compression or hash function where the hash is created using a hash function and it was not mentioned in the previous paper. After the user receives the data every hash is compared with other hash values to check the differences of the data. The time-consumption of encryption and decryption of the data is calculated and compared with the previous paper and the experiment shows that our calculation took around 80% less time.
Maabane, Jubilant Swelihle, Heymann, Reolyn.  2021.  An Information Theoretic Approach to Assist in Identifying Counterfeit Consumer Goods. 2021 IEEE AFRICON. :1–6.
In an increasingly connected world where products are just a click away, there is a growing need for systems that seek to equip consumers with the necessary tools to identify misrepresented products. Sub-standard ingredients used in the production of sanitary towels can pose a serious health risk to the consumer. Informal retailers or Spaza-shops have been accused of selling counterfeit food products to unsuspecting consumers. In this paper, we propose a system that can be used by consumers to scan a quick response (QR) code printed on the product. Built into an android application, is a system that applies the RSA public key encryption algorithm to secure the data prior to encoding into the QR code. The proposed system is also responsible for updating location data of previous scans on a dedicated cloud database. Upon completion of a field test, having collected months of consumer data, counterfeit prediction can be improved. In addition, a timely warning can be sent to a customer and relevant authorities if a unique product batch number is scanned outside of an expected area.