Visible to the public Biblio

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2020-08-17
Ponomarev, Kirill Yu..  2019.  Attribute-Based Access Control in Service Mesh. 2019 Dynamics of Systems, Mechanisms and Machines (Dynamics). :1–4.
Modern cloud applications can consist of hundreds of services with thousands of instances. In order to solve the problems of interservice interaction in this highly dynamic environment, an additional software infrastructure layer called service mesh is introduced. This layer provides a single point of interaction with the network for each service. Service mesh mechanisms are responsible for: load balancing, processing of network requests, service discovery, authentication, authorization, etc. However, the following questions arise: complex key management, fine-grained access control at the application level, confidentiality of data and many-to-many communications. It is possible to solve these problems with Attribute-based encryption (ABE) methods. This paper presents an abstract model of a service mesh and a protocol for interservice communications, which uses ABE for authorization and confidentiality of the messages.
2020-08-10
Quijano, Andrew, Akkaya, Kemal.  2019.  Server-Side Fingerprint-Based Indoor Localization Using Encrypted Sorting. 2019 IEEE 16th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems Workshops (MASSW). :53–57.
GPS signals, the main origin of navigation, are not functional in indoor environments. Therefore, Wi-Fi access points have started to be increasingly used for localization and tracking inside the buildings by relying on fingerprint-based approach. However, with these types of approaches, several concerns regarding the privacy of the users have arisen. Malicious individuals can determine a clients daily habits and activities by simply analyzing their wireless signals. While there are already efforts to incorporate privacy to the existing fingerprint-based approaches, they are limited to the characteristics of the homo-morphic cryptographic schemes they employed. In this paper, we propose to enhance the performance of these approaches by exploiting another homomorphic algorithm, namely DGK, with its unique encrypted sorting capability and thus pushing most of the computations to the server side. We developed an Android app and tested our system within a Columbia University dormitory. Compared to existing systems, the results indicated that more power savings can be achieved at the client side and DGK can be a viable option with more powerful server computation capabilities.
2020-06-19
Gu, Chongyan, Chang, Chip Hong, Liu, Weiqiang, Yu, Shichao, Ma, Qingqing, O'Neill, Maire.  2019.  A Modeling Attack Resistant Deception Technique for Securing PUF based Authentication. 2019 Asian Hardware Oriented Security and Trust Symposium (AsianHOST). :1—6.

Due to practical constraints in preventing phishing through public network or insecure communication channels, simple physical unclonable function (PDF)-based authentication protocol with unrestricted queries and transparent responses is vulnerable to modeling and replay attacks. In this paper, we present a PUF-based authentication method to mitigate the practical limitations in applications where a resource-rich server authenticates a device with no strong restriction imposed on the type of PUF designs or any additional protection on the binary channel used for the authentication. Our scheme uses an active deception protocol to prevent machine learning (ML) attacks on a device. The monolithic system makes collection of challenge response pairs (CRPs) easy for model building during enrollment but prohibitively time consuming upon device deployment. A genuine server can perform a mutual authentication with the device at any time with a combined fresh challenge contributed by both the server and the device. The message exchanged in clear does not expose the authentic CRPs. The false PUF multiplexing is fortified against prediction of waiting time by doubling the time penalty for every unsuccessful authentication.

2020-05-08
Ming, Liang, Zhao, Gang, Huang, Minhuan, Kuang, Xiaohui, Li, Hu, Zhang, Ming.  2018.  Security Analysis of Intelligent Transportation Systems Based on Simulation Data. 2018 1st International Conference on Data Intelligence and Security (ICDIS). :184—187.
Modern vehicles in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) can communicate with each other as well as roadside infrastructure units (RSUs) in order to increase transportation efficiency and road safety. For example, there are techniques to alert drivers in advance about traffic incidents and to help them avoid congestion. Threats to these systems, on the other hand, can limit the benefits of these technologies. Securing ITS itself is an important concern in ITS design and implementation. In this paper, we provide a security model of ITS which extends the classic layered network security model with transportation security and information security, and gives a reference for designing ITS architectures. Based on this security model, we also present a classification of ITS threats for defense. Finally a proof-of-concept example with malicious nodes in an ITS system is also given to demonstrate the impact of attacks. We analyzed the threat of malicious nodes and their effects to commuters, like increasing toll fees, travel distances, and travel times etc. Experimental results from simulations based on Veins shows the threats will bring about 43.40% more total toll fees, 39.45% longer travel distances, and 63.10% more travel times.
2020-04-03
Mishra, Menaka, Upadhyay, A.K..  2019.  Need of Private and Public Sector Information Security. 2019 9th International Conference on Cloud Computing, Data Science Engineering (Confluence). :168—173.

In this research paper author surveys the need of data protection from intelligent systems in the private and public sectors. For this, she identifies that the Smart Information Security Intel processes needs to be the suggestive key policy for both sectors of governance either public or private. The information is very sensitive for any organization. When the government offices are concerned, information needs to be abstracted and encapsulated so that there is no information stealing. For this purposes, the art of skill set and new optimized technology needs to be stationed. Author identifies that digital bar-coded air port like security using conveyor belts and digital bar-coded conveyor boxes to scan switched ON articles like internet of things needs to be placed. As otherwise, there can potentially be data, articles or information stealing from the operational sites where access is unauthorized. Such activities shall need to be scrutinized, minutely. The biometric such as fingerprints, iris, voice and face recognition pattern updates in the virtual data tables must be taken to keep data entry-exit log up to-date. The information technicians of the sentinel systems must help catch the anomalies in the professional working time in private and public sectors if there is red flag as indicator. The author in this research paper shall discuss in detail what we shall station, how we shall station and what all measures we might need to undertake to safeguard the stealing of sensitive information from the organizations like administration buildings, government buildings, educational schools, hospitals, courts, private buildings, banks and all other offices nation-wide. The TO-BE new processes shall make the AS-IS office system more information secured, data protected and personnel security stronger.

2020-03-09
Ionescu, Tudor B., Engelbrecht, Gerhard.  2016.  The Privacy Case: Matching Privacy-Protection Goals to Human and Organizational Privacy Concerns. 2016 Joint Workshop on Cyber- Physical Security and Resilience in Smart Grids (CPSR-SG). :1–6.

Processing smart grid data for analytics purposes brings about a series of privacy-related risks. In order to allow for the most suitable mitigation strategies, reasonable privacy risks need to be addressed by taking into consideration the perspective of each smart grid stakeholder separately. In this context, we use the notion of privacy concerns to reflect potential privacy risks from the perspective of different smart grid stakeholders. Privacy concerns help to derive privacy goals, which we represent using the goals structuring notation. Thus represented goals can more comprehensibly be addressed through technical and non-technical strategies and solutions. The thread of argumentation - from concerns to goals to strategies and solutions - is presented in form of a privacy case, which is analogous to the safety case used in the automotive domain. We provide an exemplar privacy case for the smart grid developed as part of the Aspern Smart City Research project.

2020-02-26
Vlachokostas, Alex, Prousalidis, John, Spathis, Dimosthenis, Nikitas, Mike, Kourmpelis, Theo, Dallas, Stefanos, Soghomonian, Zareh, Georgiou, Vassilis.  2019.  Ship-to-Grid Integration: Environmental Mitigation and Critical Infrastructure Resilience. 2019 IEEE Electric Ship Technologies Symposium (ESTS). :542–547.

The United States and European Union have an increasing number of projects that are engaging end-use devices for improved grid capabilities. Areas such as building-to-grid and vehicle-to-grid are simple examples of these advanced capabilities. In this paper, we present an innovative concept study for a ship-to-grid integration. The goal of this study is to simulate a two-way power flow between ship(s) and the grid with GridLAB-D for the port of Kyllini in Greece, where a ship-to-shore interconnection was recently implemented. Extending this further, we explore: (a) the ability of ships to meet their load demand needs, while at berth, by being supplied with energy from the electric grid and thus powering off their diesel engines; and (b) the ability of ships to provide power to critical loads onshore. As a result, the ship-to-grid integration helps (a) mitigate environmental pollutants from the ships' diesel engines and (b) provide resilience to nearby communities during a power disruption due to natural disasters or man-made threats.

2020-02-10
Carneiro, Lucas R., Delgado, Carla A.D.M., da Silva, João C.P..  2019.  Social Analysis of Game Agents: How Trust and Reputation can Improve Player Experience. 2019 8th Brazilian Conference on Intelligent Systems (BRACIS). :485–490.
Video games normally use Artificial Intelligence techniques to improve Non-Player Character (NPC) behavior, creating a more realistic experience for their players. However, rational behavior in general does not consider social interactions between player and bots. Because of that, a new framework for NPCs was proposed, which uses a social bias to mix the default strategy of finding the best possible plays to win with a analysis to decide if other players should be categorized as allies or foes. Trust and reputation models were used together to implement this demeanor. In this paper we discuss an implementation of this framework inside the game Settlers of Catan. New NPC agents are created to this implementation. We also analyze the results obtained from simulations among agents and players to conclude how the use of trust and reputation in NPCs can create a better gaming experience.
2020-01-20
Ajaei, F. Badrkhani, Mohammadi, J., Stevens, G., Akhavan, E..  2019.  Hybrid AC/DC Microgrid Configurations for a Net-Zero Energy Community. 2019 IEEE/IAS 55th Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Technical Conference (I CPS). :1–7.

The hybrid microgrid is attracting great attention in recent years as it combines the main advantages of the alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) microgrids. It is one of the best candidates to support a net-zero energy community. Thus, this paper investigates and compares different hybrid AC/DC microgrid configurations that are suitable for a net-zero energy community. Four different configurations are compared with each other in terms of their impacts on the overall system reliability, expandability, load shedding requirements, power sharing issues, net-zero energy capability, number of the required interface converters, and the requirement of costly medium-voltage components. The results of the investigations indicate that the best results are achieved when each building is enabled to supply its critical loads using an independent AC microgrid that is interfaced to the DC microgrid through a dedicated interface converter.

2019-12-09
Robert, Henzel, Georg, Herzwurm.  2018.  A preliminary approach towards the trust issue in cloud manufacturing using grounded theory: Defining the problem domain. 2018 4th International Conference on Universal Village (UV). :1–6.
In Cloud Manufacturing trust is an important, under investigated issue. This paper proceeds the noncommittal phase of the grounded theory method approach by investigating the trust topic in several research streams, defining the problem domain. This novel approach fills a research gap and can be treated as a snapshot and blueprint of research. Findings were accomplished by a structured literature review and are able to help future researchers in pursuing the integrative phase in Grounded Theory by building on the preliminary result of this paper.
2019-10-14
Angelini, M., Blasilli, G., Borrello, P., Coppa, E., D’Elia, D. C., Ferracci, S., Lenti, S., Santucci, G..  2018.  ROPMate: Visually Assisting the Creation of ROP-based Exploits. 2018 IEEE Symposium on Visualization for Cyber Security (VizSec). :1–8.

Exploits based on ROP (Return-Oriented Programming) are increasingly present in advanced attack scenarios. Testing systems for ROP-based attacks can be valuable for improving the security and reliability of software. In this paper, we propose ROPMATE, the first Visual Analytics system specifically designed to assist human red team ROP exploit builders. In contrast, previous ROP tools typically require users to inspect a puzzle of hundreds or thousands of lines of textual information, making it a daunting task. ROPMATE presents builders with a clear interface of well-defined and semantically meaningful gadgets, i.e., fragments of code already present in the binary application that can be chained to form fully-functional exploits. The system supports incrementally building exploits by suggesting gadget candidates filtered according to constraints on preserved registers and accessed memory. Several visual aids are offered to identify suitable gadgets and assemble them into semantically correct chains. We report on a preliminary user study that shows how ROPMATE can assist users in building ROP chains.

2019-09-26
Chung, S., Shieh, M., Chiueh, T..  2018.  A Security Proxy to Cloud Storage Backends Based on an Efficient Wildcard Searchable Encryption. 2018 IEEE 8th International Symposium on Cloud and Service Computing (SC2). :127-130.

Cloud storage backends such as Amazon S3 are a potential storage solution to enterprises. However, to couple enterprises with these backends, at least two problems must be solved: first, how to make these semi-trusted backends as secure as on-premises storage; and second, how to selectively retrieve files as easy as on-premises storage. A security proxy can address both the problems by building a local index from keywords in files before encrypting and uploading files to these backends. But, if the local index is built in plaintext, file content is still vulnerable to local malicious staff. Searchable Encryption (SE) can get rid of this vulnerability by making index into ciphertext; however, its known constructions often require modifications to index database, and, to support wildcard queries, they are not efficient at all. In this paper, we present a security proxy that, based on our wildcard SE construction, can securely and efficiently couple enterprises with these backends. In particular, since our SE construction can work directly with existing database systems, it incurs only a little overhead, and when needed, permits the security proxy to run with constantly small storage footprint by readily out-sourcing all built indices to existing cloud databases.

2019-07-01
Medeiros, N., Ivaki, N., Costa, P., Vieira, M..  2018.  An Approach for Trustworthiness Benchmarking Using Software Metrics. 2018 IEEE 23rd Pacific Rim International Symposium on Dependable Computing (PRDC). :84–93.

Trustworthiness is a paramount concern for users and customers in the selection of a software solution, specially in the context of complex and dynamic environments, such as Cloud and IoT. However, assessing and benchmarking trustworthiness (worthiness of software for being trusted) is a challenging task, mainly due to the variety of application scenarios (e.g., businesscritical, safety-critical), the large number of determinative quality attributes (e.g., security, performance), and last, but foremost, due to the subjective notion of trust and trustworthiness. In this paper, we present trustworthiness as a measurable notion in relative terms based on security attributes and propose an approach for the assessment and benchmarking of software. The main goal is to build a trustworthiness assessment model based on software metrics (e.g., Cyclomatic Complexity, CountLine, CBO) that can be used as indicators of software security. To demonstrate the proposed approach, we assessed and ranked several files and functions of the Mozilla Firefox project based on their trustworthiness score and conducted a survey among several software security experts in order to validate the obtained rank. Results show that our approach is able to provide a sound ranking of the benchmarked software.

2019-06-24
Chouikhi, S., Merghem-Boulahia, L., Esseghir, M..  2018.  Energy Demand Scheduling Based on Game Theory for Microgrids. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–6.

The advent of smart grids offers us the opportunity to better manage the electricity grids. One of the most interesting challenges in the modern grids is the consumer demand management. Indeed, the development in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) encourages the development of demand-side management systems. In this paper, we propose a distributed energy demand scheduling approach that uses minimal interactions between consumers to optimize the energy demand. We formulate the consumption scheduling as a constrained optimization problem and use game theory to solve this problem. On one hand, the proposed approach aims to reduce the total energy cost of a building's consumers. This imposes the cooperation between all the consumers to achieve the collective goal. On the other hand, the privacy of each user must be protected, which means that our distributed approach must operate with a minimal information exchange. The performance evaluation shows that the proposed approach reduces the total energy cost, each consumer's individual cost, as well as the peak to average ratio.

2019-03-28
Costantino, G., Marra, A. La, Martinelli, F., Mori, P., Saracino, A..  2018.  Privacy Preserving Distributed Computation of Private Attributes for Collaborative Privacy Aware Usage Control Systems. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Smart Computing (SMARTCOMP). :315-320.

Collaborative smart services provide functionalities which exploit data collected from different sources to provide benefits to a community of users. Such data, however, might be privacy sensitive and their disclosure has to be avoided. In this paper, we present a distributed multi-tier framework intended for smart-environment management, based on usage control for policy evaluation and enforcement on devices belonging to different collaborating entities. The proposed framework exploits secure multi-party computation to evaluate policy conditions without disclosing actual value of evaluated attributes, to preserve privacy. As reference example, a smart-grid use case is presented.

2019-01-21
Fei, Y., Ning, J., Jiang, W..  2018.  A quantifiable Attack-Defense Trees model for APT attack. 2018 IEEE 3rd Advanced Information Technology, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (IAEAC). :2303–2306.
In order to deal with APT(Advanced Persistent Threat) attacks, this paper proposes a quantifiable Attack-Defense Tree model. First, the model gives both attack and defense leaf node a variety of security attributes. And then quantifies the nodes through the analytic hierarchy process. Finally, it analyzes the impact of the defense measures on the attack behavior. Through the application of the model, we can see that the quantifiable Attack-Defense Tree model can well describe the impact of defense measures on attack behavior.
2018-12-03
Molka-Danielsen, J., Engelseth, P., Olešnaníková, V., Šarafín, P., Žalman, R..  2017.  Big Data Analytics for Air Quality Monitoring at a Logistics Shipping Base via Autonomous Wireless Sensor Network Technologies. 2017 5th International Conference on Enterprise Systems (ES). :38–45.
The indoor air quality in industrial workplace buildings, e.g. air temperature, humidity and levels of carbon dioxide (CO2), play a critical role in the perceived levels of workers' comfort and in reported medical health. CO2 can act as an oxygen displacer, and in confined spaces humans can have, for example, reactions of dizziness, increased heart rate and blood pressure, headaches, and in more serious cases loss of consciousness. Specialized organizations can be brought in to monitor the work environment for limited periods. However, new low cost wireless sensor network (WSN) technologies offer potential for more continuous and autonomous assessment of industrial workplace air quality. Central to effective decision making is the data analytics approach and visualization of what is potentially, big data (BD) in monitoring the air quality in industrial workplaces. This paper presents a case study that monitors air quality that is collected with WSN technologies. We discuss the potential BD problems. The case trials are from two workshops that are part of a large on-shore logistics base a regional shipping industry in Norway. This small case study demonstrates a monitoring and visualization approach for facilitating BD in decision making for health and safety in the shipping industry. We also identify other potential applications of WSN technologies and visualization of BD in the workplace environments; for example, for monitoring of other substances for worker safety in high risk industries and for quality of goods in supply chain management.
2018-02-21
Pak, W., Choi, Y. J..  2017.  High Performance and High Scalable Packet Classification Algorithm for Network Security Systems. IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing. 14:37–49.

Packet classification is a core function in network and security systems; hence, hardware-based solutions, such as packet classification accelerator chips or Ternary Content Addressable Memory (T-CAM), have been widely adopted for high-performance systems. With the rapid improvement of general hardware architectures and growing popularity of multi-core multi-threaded processors, software-based packet classification algorithms are attracting considerable attention, owing to their high flexibility in satisfying various industrial requirements for security and network systems. For high classification speed, these algorithms internally use large tables, whose size increases exponentially with the ruleset size; consequently, they cannot be used with a large rulesets. To overcome this problem, we propose a new software-based packet classification algorithm that simultaneously supports high scalability and fast classification performance by merging partition decision trees in a search table. While most partitioning-based packet classification algorithms show good scalability at the cost of low classification speed, our algorithm shows very high classification speed, irrespective of the number of rules, with small tables and short table building time. Our test results confirm that the proposed algorithm enables network and security systems to support heavy traffic in the most effective manner.

2018-02-06
Verma, D. C., de Mel, G..  2017.  Measures of Network Centricity for Edge Deployment of IoT Applications. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data). :4612–4620.

Edge Computing is a scheme to improve the performance, latency and security guidelines for IoT applications. However, edge deployment of an application also comes with additional complexity in management, an increased attack surface for security vulnerability, and could potentially result in a more expensive solution. As a result, the conditions under which an edge deployment of IoT applications delivers a better solution is not always obvious. Metrics which would be able to predict whether or not an IoT application is suitable for edge deployment can provide useful insights to address this question. In this paper, we examine the key performance indicators for IoT applications, namely the responsiveness, scalability and cost models for different types of IoT applications. Our analysis identifies that network centrality of an IoT application is a key characteristic which determines whether or not an IoT application is a good candidate for edge deployment. We discuss the different measures of network centrality that can be used to characterize applications, and the relative performance of edge deployment compared to centralized deployment for various IoT applications.

2018-02-02
Whitmore, J., Tobin, W..  2017.  Improving Attention to Security in Software Design with Analytics and Cognitive Techniques. 2017 IEEE Cybersecurity Development (SecDev). :16–21.

There is widening chasm between the ease of creating software and difficulty of "building security in". This paper reviews the approach, the findings and recent experiments from a seven-year effort to enable consistency across a large, diverse development organization and software portfolio via policies, guidance, automated tools and services. Experience shows that developing secure software is an elusive goal for most. It requires every team to know and apply a wide range of security knowledge in the context of what software is being built, how the software will be used, and the projected threats in the environment where the software will operate. The drive for better outcomes for secure development and increased developer productivity led to experiments to augment developer knowledge and eventually realize the goal of "building the right security in".

2018-01-23
AbuAli, N. A., Taha, A. E. M..  2017.  A dynamic scalable scheme for managing mixed crowds. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–5.

Crowd management in urban settings has mostly relied on either classical, non-automated mechanisms or spontaneous notifications/alerts through social networks. Such management techniques are heavily marred by lack of comprehensive control, especially in terms of averting risks in a manner that ensures crowd safety and enables prompt emergency response. In this paper, we propose a Markov Decision Process Scheme MDP to realize a smart infrastructure that is directly aimed at crowd management. A key emphasis of the scheme is a robust and reliable scalability that provides sufficient flexibility to manage a mixed crowd (i.e., pedestrian, cyclers, manned vehicles and unmanned vehicles). The infrastructure also spans various population settings (e.g., roads, buildings, game arenas, etc.). To realize a reliable and scalable crowd management scheme, the classical MDP is decomposed into Local MDPs with smaller action-state spaces. Preliminarily results show that the MDP decomposition can reduce the system global cost and facilitate fast convergence to local near-optimal solution for each L-MDP.

2018-01-10
Vincur, J., Navrat, P., Polasek, I..  2017.  VR City: Software Analysis in Virtual Reality Environment. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security Companion (QRS-C). :509–516.
This paper presents software visualization tool that utilizes the modified city metaphor to represent software system and related analysis data in virtual reality environment. To better address all three kinds of software aspects we propose a new layouting algorithm that provides a higher level of detail and position the buildings according to the coupling between classes that they represent. Resulting layout allows us to visualize software metrics and source code modifications at the granularity of methods, visualize method invocations involved in program execution and to support the remodularization analysis. To further reduce the cognitive load and increase efficiency of 3D visualization we allow users to observe and interact with our city in immersive virtual reality environment that also provides a source code browsing feature. We demonstrate the use of our approach on two open-source systems.
2017-08-22
Lazarova-Molnar, Sanja, Logason, Halldór Þór, Andersen, Peter Grønb\textbackslasha ek, Kj\textbackslasha ergaard, Mikkel Baun.  2016.  Mobile Crowdsourcing of Data for Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Smart Buildings. Proceedings of the International Conference on Research in Adaptive and Convergent Systems. :12–17.

Energy use of buildings represents roughly 40% of the overall energy consumption. Most of the national agendas contain goals related to reducing the energy consumption and carbon footprint. Timely and accurate fault detection and diagnosis (FDD) in building management systems (BMS) have the potential to reduce energy consumption cost by approximately 15-30%. Most of the FDD methods are data-based, meaning that their performance is tightly linked to the quality and availability of relevant data. Based on our experience, faults and relevant events data is very sparse and inadequate, mostly because of the lack of will and incentive for those that would need to keep track of faults. In this paper we introduce the idea of using crowdsourcing to support FDD data collection processes, and illustrate our idea through a mobile application that has been implemented for this purpose. Furthermore, we propose a strategy of how to successfully deploy this building occupants' crowdsourcing application.

2017-03-08
Varma, P..  2015.  Building an Open Identity Platform for India. 2015 Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference (APSEC). :3–3.

Summary form only given. Aadhaar, India's Unique Identity Project, has become the largest biometric identity system in the world, already covering more than 920 million people. Building such a massive system required significant design thinking, aligning to the core strategy, and building a technology platform that is scalable to meet the project's objective. Entire technology architecture behind Aadhaar is based on principles of openness, linear scalability, strong security, and most importantly vendor neutrality. All application components are built using open source components and open standards. Aadhaar system currently runs across two of the data centers within India managed by UIDAI and handles 1 million enrollments a day and at the peak doing about 900 trillion biometric matches a day. Current system has about 8 PB (8000 Terabytes) of raw data. Aadhaar Authentication service, which requires sub-second response time, is already live and can handle more than 100 million authentications a day. In this talk, the speaker, who has been the Chief Architect of Aadhaar since inception, shares his experience of building the system.

2017-02-21
M. Clark, L. Lampe.  2015.  "Single-channel compressive sampling of electrical data for non-intrusive load monitoring". 2015 IEEE Global Conference on Signal and Information Processing (GlobalSIP). :790-794.

Non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM) extracts information about how energy is being used in a building from electricity measurements collected at a single location. Obtaining measurements at only one location is attractive because it is inexpensive and convenient, but it can result in large amounts of data from high frequency electrical measurements. Different ways to compress or selectively measure this data are therefore required for practical implementations of NILM. We explore the use of random filtering and random demodulation, techniques that are closely related to compressed sensing, to offer a computationally simple way of compressing the electrical data. We show how these techniques can allow one to reduce the sampling rate of the electricity measurements, while requiring only one sampling channel and allowing accurate NILM performance. Our tests are performed using real measurements of electrical signals from a public data set, thus demonstrating their effectiveness on real appliances and allowing for reproducibility and comparison with other data management strategies for NILM.