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2019-09-11
Xi, W., Suo, S., Cai, T., Jian, G., Yao, H., Fan, L..  2019.  A Design and Implementation Method of IPSec Security Chip for Power Distribution Network System Based on National Cryptographic Algorithms. 2019 IEEE 3rd Information Technology, Networking, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (ITNEC). :2307–2310.

The target of security protection of the power distribution automation system (the distribution system for short) is to ensure the security of communication between the distribution terminal (terminal for short) and the distribution master station (master system for short). The encryption and authentication gateway (VPN gateway for short) for distribution system enhances the network layer communication security between the terminal and the VPN gateway. The distribution application layer encryption authentication device (master cipher machine for short) ensures the confidentiality and integrity of data transmission in application layer, and realizes the identity authentication between the master station and the terminal. All these measures are used to prevent malicious damage and attack to the master system by forging terminal identity, replay attack and other illegal operations, in order to prevent the resulting distribution network system accidents. Based on the security protection scheme of the power distribution automation system, this paper carries out the development of multi-chip encapsulation, develops IPSec Protocols software within the security chip, and realizes dual encryption and authentication function in IP layer and application layer supporting the national cryptographic algorithm.

2019-08-26
Gonzalez, D., Alhenaki, F., Mirakhorli, M..  2019.  Architectural Security Weaknesses in Industrial Control Systems (ICS) an Empirical Study Based on Disclosed Software Vulnerabilities. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Software Architecture (ICSA). :31–40.

Industrial control systems (ICS) are systems used in critical infrastructures for supervisory control, data acquisition, and industrial automation. ICS systems have complex, component-based architectures with many different hardware, software, and human factors interacting in real time. Despite the importance of security concerns in industrial control systems, there has not been a comprehensive study that examined common security architectural weaknesses in this domain. Therefore, this paper presents the first in-depth analysis of 988 vulnerability advisory reports for Industrial Control Systems developed by 277 vendors. We performed a detailed analysis of the vulnerability reports to measure which components of ICS have been affected the most by known vulnerabilities, which security tactics were affected most often in ICS and what are the common architectural security weaknesses in these systems. Our key findings were: (1) Human-Machine Interfaces, SCADA configurations, and PLCs were the most affected components, (2) 62.86% of vulnerability disclosures in ICS had an architectural root cause, (3) the most common architectural weaknesses were “Improper Input Validation”, followed by “Im-proper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation” and “Improper Authentication”, and (4) most tactic-related vulnerabilities were related to the tactics “Validate Inputs”, “Authenticate Actors” and “Authorize Actors”.

2019-08-05
Vanickis, R., Jacob, P., Dehghanzadeh, S., Lee, B..  2018.  Access Control Policy Enforcement for Zero-Trust-Networking. 2018 29th Irish Signals and Systems Conference (ISSC). :1-6.

The evolution of the enterprise computing landscape towards emerging trends such as fog/edge computing and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) are leading to a change of approach to securing computer networks to deal with challenges such as mobility, virtualized infrastructures, dynamic and heterogeneous user contexts and transaction-based interactions. The uncertainty introduced by such dynamicity introduces greater uncertainty into the access control process and motivates the need for risk-based access control decision making. Thus, the traditional perimeter-based security paradigm is increasingly being abandoned in favour of a so called "zero trust networking" (ZTN). In ZTN networks are partitioned into zones with different levels of trust required to access the zone resources depending on the assets protected by the zone. All accesses to sensitive information is subject to rigorous access control based on user and device profile and context. In this paper we outline a policy enforcement framework to address many of open challenges for risk-based access control for ZTN. We specify the design of required policy languages including a generic firewall policy language to express firewall rules. We design a mechanism to map these rules to specific firewall syntax and to install the rules on the firewall. We show the viability of our design with a small proof-of-concept.

2019-07-01
Shinde, P., Karve, A., Mandaliya, P., Patil, S..  2018.  Wireless Security Audit Penetration Test Using Raspberry Pi. 2018 International Conference on Smart City and Emerging Technology (ICSCET). :1-4.

With the advancement in the wireless technology there are more and more devices connected over WiFi network. Security is one of the major concerns about WiFi other than performance, range, usability, etc. WiFi Auditor is a collection of WiFi testing tools and services packed together inside Raspberry Pi 3 module. The WiFi auditor allows the penetration tester to conduct WiFi attacks and reconnaissance on the selected client or on the complete network. WiFi auditor is portable and stealth hence allowing the attacker to simulate the attacks without anyone noticing them. WiFi auditor provides services such as deliberate jamming, blocking or interference with authorized wireless communications which can be done to the whole network or just a particular node.

2019-06-10
Ponmaniraj, S., Rashmi, R., Anand, M. V..  2018.  IDS Based Network Security Architecture with TCP/IP Parameters Using Machine Learning. 2018 International Conference on Computing, Power and Communication Technologies (GUCON). :111-114.

This computer era leads human to interact with computers and networks but there is no such solution to get rid of security problems. Securities threats misleads internet, we are sometimes losing our hope and reliability with many server based access. Even though many more crypto algorithms are coming for integrity and authentic data in computer access still there is a non reliable threat penetrates inconsistent vulnerabilities in networks. These vulnerable sites are taking control over the user's computer and doing harmful actions without user's privileges. Though Firewalls and protocols may support our browsers via setting certain rules, still our system couldn't support for data reliability and confidentiality. Since these problems are based on network access, lets we consider TCP/IP parameters as a dataset for analysis. By doing preprocess of TCP/IP packets we can build sovereign model on data set and clump cluster. Further the data set gets classified into regular traffic pattern and anonymous pattern using KNN classification algorithm. Based on obtained pattern for normal and threats data sets, security devices and system will set rules and guidelines to learn by it to take needed stroke. This paper analysis the computer to learn security actions from the given data sets which already exist in the previous happens.

2019-05-20
Prabha, K. M., Saraswathi, D. P. Vidhya.  2018.  TIGER HASH KERBEROS BIOMETRIC BLOWFISH USER AUTHENTICATION FOR SECURED DATA ACCESS IN CLOUD. 2018 2nd International Conference on 2018 2nd International Conference on I-SMAC (IoT in Social, Mobile, Analytics and Cloud) (I-SMAC)I-SMAC (IoT in Social, Mobile, Analytics and Cloud) (I-SMAC). :145–151.

Cloud computing is a standard architecture for providing computing services among servers and cloud user (CU) for preserving data from unauthorized users. Therefore, the user authentication is more reliable to ensure cloud services accessed only by a genuine user. To improve the authentication accuracy, Tiger Hash-based Kerberos Biometric Blowfish Authentication (TH-KBBA) Mechanism is introduced for accessing data from server. It comprises three steps, namely Registration, Authentication and Ticket Granting. In the Registration process, client enrolls user details and stores on cloud server (CS) using tiger hashing function. User ID and password is given by CS after registration. When client wants to access data from CS, authentication server (AS) verifies user identity by sending a message. When authenticity is verified, AS accepts user as authenticated user and convinces CS that user is authentic. For convincing process, AS generates a ticket and encrypted using Blowfish encryption. Encrypted ticket is sent back to user. Then, CU sends message to server containing users ID and encrypted ticket. Finally, the server decrypts ticket using blowfish decryption and verifies the user ID. If these two ID gets matched, the CS grants requested data to the user. Experimental evaluation of TH-KBBA mechanism and existing methods are carried out with different factors such as Authentication accuracy, authentications time and confidentiality rate with respect to a number of CUs and data.

Kurera, C., Navoda, D..  2018.  Node-to-Node Secure Data Transmission Protocol for Low-power IoT Devices. 2018 18th International Conference on Advances in ICT for Emerging Regions (ICTer). :1–7.

Through the internet and local networks, IoT devices exchange data. Most of the IoT devices are low-power devices, meaning that they are designed to use less electric power. To secure data transmission, it is required to encrypt the messages. Encryption and decryption of messages are computationally expensive activities, thus require considerable amount of processing and memory power which is not affordable to low-power IoT devices. Therefore, not all secure transmission protocols are low-power IoT devices friendly. This study proposes a secure data transmission protocol for low-power IoT devices. The design inherits some features in Kerberos and onetime password concepts. The protocol is designed for devices which are connected to each other, as in a fully connected network topology. The protocol uses symmetric key cryptography under the assumption of that the device specific keys are never being transmitted over the network. It resists DoS, message replay and Man-of-the-middle attacks while facilitating the key security concepts such as Authenticity, Confidentiality and Integrity. The designed protocol uses less number of encryption/decryption cycles and maintain session based strong authentication to facilitate secure data transmission among nodes.

Prokofiev, A. O., Smirnova, Y. S., Surov, V. A..  2018.  A method to detect Internet of Things botnets. 2018 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus). :105–108.

The main security problems, typical for the Internet of Things (IoT), as well as the purpose of gaining unauthorized access to the IoT, are considered in this paper. Common characteristics of the most widespread botnets are provided. A method to detect compromised IoT devices included into a botnet is proposed. The method is based on a model of logistic regression. The article describes a developed model of logistic regression which allows to estimate the probability that a device initiating a connection is running a bot. A list of network protocols, used to gain unauthorized access to a device and to receive instructions from common and control (C&C) server, is provided too.

Terkawi, A., Innab, N., al-Amri, S., Al-Amri, A..  2018.  Internet of Things (IoT) Increasing the Necessity to Adopt Specific Type of Access Control Technique. 2018 21st Saudi Computer Society National Computer Conference (NCC). :1–5.

The Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the emerging technologies that has seized the attention of researchers, the reason behind that was the IoT expected to be applied in our daily life in the near future and human will be wholly dependent on this technology for comfort and easy life style. Internet of things is the interconnection of internet enabled things or devices to connect with each other and to humans in order to achieve some goals or the ability of everyday objects to connect to the Internet and to send and receive data. However, the Internet of Things (IoT) raises significant challenges that could stand in the way of realizing its potential benefits. This paper discusses access control area as one of the most crucial aspect of security and privacy in IoT and proposing a new way of access control that would decide who is allowed to access what and who is not to the IoT subjects and sensors.

2019-05-08
Moore, A. P., Cassidy, T. M., Theis, M. C., Bauer, D., Rousseau, D. M., Moore, S. B..  2018.  Balancing Organizational Incentives to Counter Insider Threat. 2018 IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops (SPW). :237–246.

Traditional security practices focus on negative incentives that attempt to force compliance through constraints, monitoring, and punishment. This paper describes a missing dimension of most organizations' insider threat defense-one that explicitly considers positive incentives for attracting individuals to act in the interests of the organization. Positive incentives focus on properties of the organizational context of workforce management practices - including those relating to organizational supportiveness, coworker connectedness, and job engagement. Without due attention to the organizational context in which insider threats occur, insider misbehaviors may simply reoccur as a natural response to counterproductive or dysfunctional management practices. A balanced combination of positive and negative incentives can improve employees' relationships with the organization and provide a means for employees to better cope with personal and professional stressors. An insider threat program that balances organizational incentives can become an advocate for the workforce and a means for improving employee work life - a welcome message to employees who feel threatened by programs focused on discovering insider wrongdoing.

Yaseen, Q., Alabdulrazzaq, A., Albalas, F..  2019.  A Framework for Insider Collusion Threat Prediction and Mitigation in Relational Databases. 2019 IEEE 9th Annual Computing and Communication Workshop and Conference (CCWC). :0721–0727.

This paper proposes a framework for predicting and mitigating insider collusion threat in relational database systems. The proposed model provides a robust technique for database architect and administrators to predict insider collusion threat when designing database schema or when granting privileges. Moreover, it proposes a real time monitoring technique that monitors the growing knowledgebases of insiders while executing transactions and the possible collusion insider attacks that may be launched based on insiders accesses and inferences. Furthermore, the paper proposes a mitigating technique based on the segregation of duties principle and the discovered collusion insider threat to mitigate the problem. The proposed model was tested to show its usefulness and applicability.

2019-03-28
Bagri, D., Rathore, S. K..  2018.  Research Issues Based on Comparative Work Related to Data Security and Privacy Preservation in Smart Grid. 2018 4th International Conference on Computing Sciences (ICCS). :88-91.

With the advancement of Technology, the existing electric grids are shifting towards smart grid. The smart grids are meant to be effective in power management, secure and safe in communication and more importantly, it is favourable to the environment. The smart grid is having huge architecture it includes various stakeholders that encounter challenges in the name of authorisation and authentication. The smart grid has another important issue to deal with that is securing the communication from varieties of cyber-attacks. In this paper, we first discussed about the challenges in the smart grid data communication and later we surveyed the existing cryptographic algorithm and presented comparative work on certain factors for existing working cryptographic algorithms This work gives insight conclusion to improve the working scheme for data security and Privacy preservation of customer who is one of the stack holders. Finally, with the comparative work, we suggest a direction of future work on improvement of working algorithms for secure and safe data communication in a smart grid.

Stavrou, E..  2018.  Enhancing Cyber Situational Awareness: A New Perspective of Password Auditing Tools. 2018 International Conference On Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment (Cyber SA). :1-4.

Password auditing can enhance the cyber situational awareness of defenders, e.g. cyber security/IT professionals, with regards to the strength of text-based authentication mechanisms utilized in an organization. Auditing results can proactively indicate if weak passwords exist in an organization, decreasing the risks of compromisation. Password cracking is a typical and time-consuming way to perform password auditing. Given that defenders perform password auditing within a specific evaluation timeframe, the cracking process needs to be optimized to yield useful results. Existing password cracking tools do not provide holistic features to optimize the process. Therefore, the need arises to build new password auditing toolkits to assist defenders to achieve their task in an effective and efficient way. Moreover, to maximize the benefits of password auditing, a security policy should be utilized. Currently the efforts focus on the specification of password security policies, providing rules on how to construct passwords. This work proposes the functionality that should be supported by next-generation password auditing toolkits and provides guidelines to drive the specification of a relevant password auditing policy.

2019-03-25
Hasan, K., Shetty, S., Hassanzadeh, A., Salem, M. B., Chen, J..  2018.  Self-Healing Cyber Resilient Framework for Software Defined Networking-Enabled Energy Delivery System. 2018 IEEE Conference on Control Technology and Applications (CCTA). :1692–1697.
Software defined networking (SDN) is a networking paradigm to provide automated network management at run time through network orchestration and virtualization. SDN can also enhance system resilience through recovery from failures and maintaining critical operations during cyber attacks. SDN's self-healing mechanisms can be leveraged to realized autonomous attack containment, which dynamically modifies access control rules based on configurable trust levels. In this paper, we present an approach to aid in selection of security countermeasures dynamically in an SDN enabled Energy Delivery System (EDS) and achieving tradeoff between providing security and QoS. We present the modeling of security cost based on end-to-end packet delay and throughput. We propose a non-dominated sorting based multi-objective optimization framework which can be implemented within an SDN controller to address the joint problem of optimizing between security and QoS parameters by alleviating time complexity at O(M N2), where M is the number of objective functions and N is the number of population for each generation respectively. We present simulation results which illustrate how data availability and data integrity can be achieved while maintaining QoS constraints.
2019-03-18
Condé, R. C. R., Maziero, C. A., Will, N. C..  2018.  Using Intel SGX to Protect Authentication Credentials in an Untrusted Operating System. 2018 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC). :00158–00163.
An important principle in computational security is to reduce the attack surface, by maintaining the Trusted Computing Base (TCB) small. Even so, no security technique ensures full protection against any adversary. Thus, sensitive applications should be designed with several layers of protection so that, even if a layer might be violated, sensitive content will not be compromised. In 2015, Intel released the Software Guard Extensions (SGX) technology in its processors. This mechanism allows applications to allocate enclaves, which are private memory regions that can hold code and data. Other applications and even privileged code, like the OS kernel and the BIOS, are not able to access enclaves' contents. This paper presents a novel password file protection scheme, which uses Intel SGX to protect authentication credentials in the PAM authentication framework, commonly used in UNIX systems. We defined and implemented an SGX-enabled version of the pam\_unix.so authentication module, called UniSGX. This module uses an SGX enclave to handle the credentials informed by the user and to check them against the password file. To add an extra security layer, the password file is stored using SGX sealing. A threat model was proposed to assess the security of the proposed solution. The obtained results show that the proposed solution is secure against the threat model considered, and that its performance overhead is acceptable from the user point of view. The scheme presented here is also suitable to other authentication frameworks.
2019-03-11
Siddiqui, F., Hagan, M., Sezer, S..  2018.  Embedded policing and policy enforcement approach for future secure IoT technologies. Living in the Internet of Things: Cybersecurity of the IoT - 2018. :1–10.

The Internet of Things (IoT) holds great potential for productivity, quality control, supply chain efficiencies and overall business operations. However, with this broader connectivity, new vulnerabilities and attack vectors are being introduced, increasing opportunities for systems to be compromised by hackers and targeted attacks. These vulnerabilities pose severe threats to a myriad of IoT applications within areas such as manufacturing, healthcare, power and energy grids, transportation and commercial building management. While embedded OEMs offer technologies, such as hardware Trusted Platform Module (TPM), that deploy strong chain-of-trust and authentication mechanisms, still they struggle to protect against vulnerabilities introduced by vendors and end users, as well as additional threats posed by potential technical vulnerabilities and zero-day attacks. This paper proposes a pro-active policy-based approach, enforcing the principle of least privilege, through hardware Security Policy Engine (SPE) that actively monitors communication of applications and system resources on the system communication bus (ARM AMBA-AXI4). Upon detecting a policy violation, for example, a malicious application accessing protected storage, it counteracts with predefined mitigations to limit the attack. The proposed SPE approach widely complements existing embedded hardware and software security technologies, targeting the mitigation of risks imposed by unknown vulnerabilities of embedded applications and protocols.

2019-03-06
Suwansrikham, P., She, K..  2018.  Asymmetric Secure Storage Scheme for Big Data on Multiple Cloud Providers. 2018 IEEE 4th International Conference on Big Data Security on Cloud (BigDataSecurity), IEEE International Conference on High Performance and Smart Computing, (HPSC) and IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Data and Security (IDS). :121-125.
Recently, cloud computing is an emerging technology along with big data. Both technologies come together. Due to the enormous size of data in big data, it is impossible to store them in local storage. Alternatively, even we want to store them locally, we have to spend much money to create bit data center. One way to save money is store big data in cloud storage service. Cloud storage service provides users space and security to store the file. However, relying on single cloud storage may cause trouble for the customer. CSP may stop its service anytime. It is too risky if data owner hosts his file only single CSP. Also, the CSP is the third party that user have to trust without verification. After deploying his file to CSP, the user does not know who access his file. Even CSP provides a security mechanism to prevent outsider attack. However, how user ensure that there is no insider attack to steal or corrupt the file. This research proposes the way to minimize the risk, ensure data privacy, also accessing control. The big data file is split into chunks and distributed to multiple cloud storage provider. Even there is insider attack; the attacker gets only part of the file. He cannot reconstruct the whole file. After splitting the file, metadata is generated. Metadata is a place to keep chunk information, includes, chunk locations, access path, username and password of data owner to connect each CSP. Asymmetric security concept is applied to this research. The metadata will be encrypted and transfer to the user who requests to access the file. The file accessing, monitoring, metadata transferring is functions of dew computing which is an intermediate server between the users and cloud service.
AbdAllah, E. G., Zulkernine, M., Hassanein, H. S..  2018.  A Security Framework for ICN Traffic Management. 2018 IEEE 16th Intl Conf on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, 16th Intl Conf on Pervasive Intelligence and Computing, 4th Intl Conf on Big Data Intelligence and Computing and Cyber Science and Technology Congress(DASC/PiCom/DataCom/CyberSciTech). :78-85.

Information Centric Networking (ICN) changed the communication model from host-based to content-based to cope with the high volume of traffic due to the rapidly increasing number of users, data objects, devices, and applications. ICN communication model requires new security solutions that will be integrated with ICN architectures. In this paper, we present a security framework to manage ICN traffic by detecting, preventing, and responding to ICN attacks. The framework consists of three components: availability, access control, and privacy. The availability component ensures that contents are available for legitimate users. The access control component allows only legitimate users to get restrictedaccess contents. The privacy component prevents attackers from knowing content popularities or user requests. We also show our specific solutions as examples of the framework components.

2019-03-04
Laverdière, M., Merlo, E..  2018.  Detection of protection-impacting changes during software evolution. 2018 IEEE 25th International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution and Reengineering (SANER). :434–444.

Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) is often used in web applications to restrict operations and protect security sensitive information and resources. Web applications regularly undergo maintenance and evolution and their security may be affected by source code changes between releases. To prevent security regression and vulnerabilities, developers have to take re-validation actions before deploying new releases. This may become a significant undertaking, especially when quick and repeated releases are sought. We define protection-impacting changes as those changed statements during evolution that alter privilege protection of some code. We propose an automated method that identifies protection-impacting changes within all changed statements between two versions. The proposed approach compares statically computed security protection models and repository information corresponding to different releases of a system to identify protection-impacting changes. Results of experiments present the occurrence of protection-impacting changes over 210 release pairs of WordPress, a PHP content management web application. First, we show that only 41% of the release pairs present protection-impacting changes. Second, for these affected release pairs, protection-impacting changes can be identified and represent a median of 47.00 lines of code, that is 27.41% of the total changed lines of code. Over all investigated releases in WordPress, protection-impacting changes amounted to 10.89% of changed lines of code. Conversely, an average of about 89% of changed source code have no impact on RBAC security and thus need no re-validation nor investigation. The proposed method reduces the amount of candidate causes of protection changes that developers need to investigate. This information could help developers re-validate application security, identify causes of negative security changes, and perform repairs in a more effective way.

Aborisade, O., Anwar, M..  2018.  Classification for Authorship of Tweets by Comparing Logistic Regression and Naive Bayes Classifiers. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration (IRI). :269–276.

At a time when all it takes to open a Twitter account is a mobile phone, the act of authenticating information encountered on social media becomes very complex, especially when we lack measures to verify digital identities in the first place. Because the platform supports anonymity, fake news generated by dubious sources have been observed to travel much faster and farther than real news. Hence, we need valid measures to identify authors of misinformation to avert these consequences. Researchers propose different authorship attribution techniques to approach this kind of problem. However, because tweets are made up of only 280 characters, finding a suitable authorship attribution technique is a challenge. This research aims to classify authors of tweets by comparing machine learning methods like logistic regression and naive Bayes. The processes of this application are fetching of tweets, pre-processing, feature extraction, and developing a machine learning model for classification. This paper illustrates the text classification for authorship process using machine learning techniques. In total, there were 46,895 tweets used as both training and testing data, and unique features specific to Twitter were extracted. Several steps were done in the pre-processing phase, including removal of short texts, removal of stop-words and punctuations, tokenizing and stemming of texts as well. This approach transforms the pre-processed data into a set of feature vector in Python. Logistic regression and naive Bayes algorithms were applied to the set of feature vectors for the training and testing of the classifier. The logistic regression based classifier gave the highest accuracy of 91.1% compared to the naive Bayes classifier with 89.8%.

2019-02-14
Maqbali, F. A., Mitchell, C. J..  2018.  Email-Based Password Recovery - Risking or Rescuing Users? 2018 International Carnahan Conference on Security Technology (ICCST). :1-5.
Secret passwords are very widely used for user authentication to websites, despite their known shortcomings. Most websites using passwords also implement password recovery to allow users to re-establish a shared secret if the existing value is forgotten; many such systems involve sending a password recovery email to the user, e.g. containing a secret link. The security of password recovery, and hence the entire user-website relationship, depends on the email being acted upon correctly; unfortunately, as we show, such emails are not always designed to maximise security and can introduce vulnerabilities into recovery. To understand better this serious practical security problem, we surveyed password recovery emails for 50 of the top English language websites. We investigated a range of security and usability issues for such emails, covering their design, structure and content (including the nature of the user instructions), the techniques used to recover the password, and variations in email content from one web service to another. Many well-known web services, including Facebook, Dropbox, and Microsoft, suffer from recovery email design, structure and content issues. This is, to our knowledge, the first study of its type reported in the literature. This study has enabled us to formulate a set of recommendations for the design of such emails.
Schuette, J., Brost, G. S..  2018.  LUCON: Data Flow Control for Message-Based IoT Systems. 2018 17th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/ 12th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :289-299.
Today's emerging Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) scenarios are characterized by the exchange of data between services across enterprises. Traditional access and usage control mechanisms are only able to determine if data may be used by a subject, but lack an understanding of how it may be used. The ability to control the way how data is processed is however crucial for enterprises to guarantee (and provide evidence of) compliant processing of critical data, as well as for users who need to control if their private data may be analyzed or linked with additional information - a major concern in IoT applications processing personal information. In this paper, we introduce LUCON, a data-centric security policy framework for distributed systems that considers data flows by controlling how messages may be routed across services and how they are combined and processed. LUCON policies prevent information leaks, bind data usage to obligations, and enforce data flows across services. Policy enforcement is based on a dynamic taint analysis at runtime and an upfront static verification of message routes against policies. We discuss the semantics of these two complementing enforcement models and illustrate how LUCON policies are compiled from a simple policy language into a first-order logic representation. We demonstrate the practical application of LUCON in a real-world IoT middleware and discuss its integration into Apache Camel. Finally, we evaluate the runtime impact of LUCON and discuss performance and scalability aspects.
2019-02-13
Phuong, T. V. Xuan, Ning, R., Xin, C., Wu, H..  2018.  Puncturable Attribute-Based Encryption for Secure Data Delivery in Internet of Things. IEEE INFOCOM 2018 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications. :1511–1519.
While the Internet of Things (IoT) is embraced as important tools for efficiency and productivity, it is becoming an increasingly attractive target for cybercriminals. This work represents the first endeavor to develop practical Puncturable Attribute Based Encryption schemes that are light-weight and applicable in IoTs. In the proposed scheme, the attribute-based encryption is adopted for fine grained access control. The secret keys are puncturable to revoke the decryption capability for selected messages, recipients, or time periods, thus protecting selected important messages even if the current key is compromised. In contrast to conventional forward encryption, a distinguishing merit of the proposed approach is that the recipients can update their keys by themselves without key re-issuing from the key distributor. It does not require frequent communications between IoT devices and the key distribution center, neither does it need deleting components to expunge existing keys to produce a new key. Moreover, we devise a novel approach which efficiently integrates attribute-based key and punctured keys such that the key size is roughly the same as that of the original attribute-based encryption. We prove the correctness of the proposed scheme and its security under the Decisional Bilinear Diffie-Hellman (DBDH) assumption. We also implement the proposed scheme on Raspberry Pi and observe that the computation efficiency of the proposed approach is comparable to the original attribute-based encryption. Both encryption and decryption can be completed within tens of milliseconds.
Joshi, M., Joshi, K., Finin, T..  2018.  Attribute Based Encryption for Secure Access to Cloud Based EHR Systems. 2018 IEEE 11th International Conference on Cloud Computing (CLOUD). :932–935.
Medical organizations find it challenging to adopt cloud-based electronic medical records services, due to the risk of data breaches and the resulting compromise of patient data. Existing authorization models follow a patient centric approach for EHR management where the responsibility of authorizing data access is handled at the patients' end. This however creates a significant overhead for the patient who has to authorize every access of their health record. This is not practical given the multiple personnel involved in providing care and that at times the patient may not be in a state to provide this authorization. Hence there is a need of developing a proper authorization delegation mechanism for safe, secure and easy cloud-based EHR management. We have developed a novel, centralized, attribute based authorization mechanism that uses Attribute Based Encryption (ABE) and allows for delegated secure access of patient records. This mechanism transfers the service management overhead from the patient to the medical organization and allows easy delegation of cloud-based EHR's access authority to the medical providers. In this paper, we describe this novel ABE approach as well as the prototype system that we have created to illustrate it.
Gunjal, Y. S., Gunjal, M. S., Tambe, A. R..  2018.  Hybrid Attribute Based Encryption and Customizable Authorization in Cloud Computing. 2018 International Conference On Advances in Communication and Computing Technology (ICACCT). :187–190.
Most centralized systems allow data access to its cloud user if a cloud user has a certain set of satisfying attributes. Presently, one method to compete such policies is to use an authorized cloud server to maintain the user data and have access control over it. At times, when one of the servers keeping data is compromised, the security of the user data is compromised. For getting access control, maintaining data security and obtaining precise computing results, the data owners have to keep attribute-based security to encrypt the stored data. During the delegation of data on cloud, the cloud servers may be tampered by the counterfeit cipher-text. Furthermore, the authorized users may be cheated by retorting them that they are unauthorized. Largely the encryption control access attribute policies are complex. In this paper, we present Cipher-text Policy Attribute-Based Encryption for maintaining complex access control over encrypted data with verifiable customizable authorization. The proposed technique provides data confidentiality to the encrypted data even if the storage server is comprised. Moreover, our method is highly secured against collusion attacks. In advance, performance evaluation of the proposed system is elaborated with implementation of the same.