Visible to the public Biblio

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2021-05-26
Zhengbo, Chen, Xiu, Liu, Yafei, Xing, Miao, Hu, Xiaoming, Ju.  2020.  Markov Encrypted Data Prefetching Model Based On Attribute Classification. 2020 5th International Conference on Computer and Communication Systems (ICCCS). :54—59.

In order to improve the buffering performance of the data encrypted by CP-ABE (ciphertext policy attribute based encryption), this paper proposed a Markov prefetching model based on attribute classification. The prefetching model combines the access strategy of CP-ABE encrypted file, establishes the user relationship network according to the attribute value of the user, classifies the user by the modularity-based community partitioning algorithm, and establishes a Markov prefetching model based on attribute classification. In comparison with the traditional Markov prefetching model and the classification-based Markov prefetching model, the attribute-based Markov prefetching model is proposed in this paper has higher prefetch accuracy and coverage.

2021-05-05
Đuranec, A., Gruičić, S., Žagar, M..  2020.  Forensic analysis of Windows 10 Sandbox. 2020 43rd International Convention on Information, Communication and Electronic Technology (MIPRO). :1224—1229.

With each Windows operating system Microsoft introduces new features to its users. Newly added features present a challenge to digital forensics examiners as they are not analyzed or tested enough. One of the latest features, introduced in Windows 10 version 1909 is Windows Sandbox; a lightweight, temporary, environment for running untrusted applications. Because of the temporary nature of the Sandbox and insufficient documentation, digital forensic examiners are facing new challenges when examining this newly added feature which can be used to hide different illegal activities. Throughout this paper, the focus will be on analyzing different Windows artifacts and event logs, with various tools, left behind as a result of the user interaction with the Sandbox feature on a clear virtual environment. Additionally, the setup of testing environment will be explained, the results of testing and interpretation of the findings will be presented, as well as open-source tools used for the analysis.

2020-11-30
Zhou, K., Sun, S., Wang, H., Huang, P., He, X., Lan, R., Li, W., Liu, W., Yang, T..  2019.  Improving Cache Performance for Large-Scale Photo Stores via Heuristic Prefetching Scheme. IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems. 30:2033–2045.
Photo service providers are facing critical challenges of dealing with the huge amount of photo storage, typically in a magnitude of billions of photos, while ensuring national-wide or world-wide satisfactory user experiences. Distributed photo caching architecture is widely deployed to meet high performance expectations, where efficient still mysterious caching policies play essential roles. In this work, we present a comprehensive study on internet-scale photo caching algorithms in the case of QQPhoto from Tencent Inc., the largest social network service company in China. We unveil that even advanced cache algorithms can only perform at a similar level as simple baseline algorithms and there still exists a large performance gap between these cache algorithms and the theoretically optimal algorithm due to the complicated access behaviors in such a large multi-tenant environment. We then expound the reasons behind this phenomenon via extensively investigating the characteristics of QQPhoto workloads. Finally, in order to realistically further improve QQPhoto cache efficiency, we propose to incorporate a prefetcher in the cache stack based on the observed immediacy feature that is unique to the QQPhoto workload. The prefetcher proactively prefetches selected photos into cache before they are requested for the first time to eliminate compulsory misses and promote hit ratios. Our extensive evaluation results show that with appropriate prefetching we improve the cache hit ratio by up to 7.4 percent, while reducing the average access latency by 6.9 percent at a marginal cost of 4.14 percent backend network traffic compared to the original system that performs no prefetching.
2020-04-17
Liew, Seng Pei, Ikeda, Satoshi.  2019.  Detecting Adversary using Windows Digital Artifacts. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data). :3210—3215.

We consider the possibility of detecting malicious behaviors of the advanced persistent threat (APT) at endpoints during incident response or forensics investigations. Specifically, we study the case where third-party sensors are not available; our observables are obtained solely from inherent digital artifacts of Windows operating systems. What is of particular interest is an artifact called the Application Compatibility Cache (Shimcache). As it is not apparent from the Shimcache when a file has been executed, we propose an algorithm of estimating the time of file execution up to an interval. We also show guarantees of the proposed algorithm's performance and various possible extensions that can improve the estimation. Finally, combining this approach with methods of machine learning, as well as information from other digital artifacts, we design a prototype system called XTEC and demonstrate that it can help hunt for the APT in a real-world case study.

2019-06-10
Alsulami, B., Mancoridis, S..  2018.  Behavioral Malware Classification Using Convolutional Recurrent Neural Networks. 2018 13th International Conference on Malicious and Unwanted Software (MALWARE). :103-111.

Behavioral malware detection aims to improve on the performance of static signature-based techniques used by anti-virus systems, which are less effective against modern polymorphic and metamorphic malware. Behavioral malware classification aims to go beyond the detection of malware by also identifying a malware's family according to a naming scheme such as the ones used by anti-virus vendors. Behavioral malware classification techniques use run-time features, such as file system or network activities, to capture the behavioral characteristic of running processes. The increasing volume of malware samples, diversity of malware families, and the variety of naming schemes given to malware samples by anti-virus vendors present challenges to behavioral malware classifiers. We describe a behavioral classifier that uses a Convolutional Recurrent Neural Network and data from Microsoft Windows Prefetch files. We demonstrate the model's improvement on the state-of-the-art using a large dataset of malware families and four major anti-virus vendor naming schemes. The model is effective in classifying malware samples that belong to common and rare malware families and can incrementally accommodate the introduction of new malware samples and families.

2019-01-16
Abdelwahed, N., Letaifa, A. Ben, Asmi, S. El.  2018.  Content Based Algorithm Aiming to Improve the WEB\_QoE Over SDN Networks. 2018 32nd International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (WAINA). :153–158.
Since the 1990s, the concept of QoE has been increasingly present and many scientists take it into account within different fields of application. Taking for example the case of video streaming, the QoE has been well studied in this case while for the web the study of its QoE is relatively neglected. The Quality of Experience (QoE) is the set of objective and subjective characteristics that satisfy retain or give confidence to a user through the life cycle of a service. There are researches that take the different measurement metrics of QoE as a subject, others attack new ways to improve this QoE in order to satisfy the customer and gain his loyalty. In this paper, we focus on the web QoE that is declined by researches despite its great importance given the complexity of new web pages and their utility that is increasingly critical. The wealth of new web pages in images, videos, audios etc. and their growing significance prompt us to write this paper, in which we discuss a new method that aims to improve the web QoE in a software-defined network (SDN). Our proposed method consists in automating and making more flexible the management of the QoE improvement of the web pages and this by writing an algorithm that, depending on the case, chooses the necessary treatment to improve the web QoE of the page concerned and using both web prefetching and caching to accelerate the data transfer when the user asks for it. The first part of the paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of existing works. In the second part we propose an automatic algorithm that treats each case with the appropriate solution that guarantees its best performance. The last part is devoted to the evaluation of the performance.
2018-12-10
Lee, J., Hao, Y., Abdelzaher, T., Marcus, K., Hobbs, R..  2018.  A Command-by-Intent Architecture for Battlefield Information Acquisition Systems. 2018 21st International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION). :2298–2305.

In military operations, Commander's Intent describes the desired end state and purpose of the operation, expressed in a concise and clear manner. Command by intent is a paradigm that empowers subordinate units to exercise measured initiative to meet mission goals and accept prudent risk within commander's intent. It improves agility of military operations by allowing exploitation of local opportunities without an explicit directive from the commander to do so. This paper discusses what the paradigm entails in terms of architectural decisions for data fusion systems tasked with real-time information collection to satisfy operational mission goals. In our system, information needs of decisions are expressed at a high level, and shared among relevant nodes. The selected nodes, then, jointly operate to meet mission information needs by forwarding and caching relevant data without explicit directives regarding the objects to fetch and sources to contact. A preliminary evaluation of the system is presented using a target tracking application, set in the context of a NATO-based mission scenario, called Anglova. Evaluation results show that delegating some decision authority to the data fusion system (in terms of objects to fetch and sources to contact) allows it to save more network resources, while also increasing mission success rate. The system is therefore particularly well-suited to operation in partially denied or contested environments, where resource bottlenecks caused by adversarial activity impair one's ability to collect real-time information for mission-critical decision making.

2018-03-26
Kim, Taewoo, Thirumaraiselvan, Vidhyasagar, Jia, Jianfeng, Li, Chen.  2017.  Caching Geospatial Objects in Web Browsers. Proceedings of the 25th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems. :92:1–92:4.

Map-based services are becoming increasingly important in many applications. These services often need to show geospatial objects (e.g., cities and parks) in Web browsers, and being able to retrieve such objects efficiently is critical to achieving a low response time for user queries. In this demonstration we present a browser-based caching technique to store and load geospatial objects on a map in a Web page. The technique employs a hierarchical structure to store and index polygons, and does intelligent prefetching and cache replacement by utilizing the information about the user's recent browser activities. We demonstrate the usage of the technique in an application called TwitterMap for visualizing more than 1 billion tweets in real time. We show its effectiveness by using different replacement policies. The technique is implemented as a general-purpose Javascript library, making it suitable for other applications as well.