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Li, Mingxuan, Lv, Shichao, Shi, Zhiqiang.  2020.  Malware Detection for Industrial Internet Based on GAN. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Information Technology,Big Data and Artificial Intelligence (ICIBA). 1:475–481.
This thesis focuses on the detection of malware in industrial Internet. The basic flow of the detection of malware contains feature extraction and sample identification. API graph can effectively represent the behavior information of malware. However, due to the high algorithm complexity of solving the problem of subgraph isomorphism, the efficiency of analysis based on graph structure feature is low. Due to the different scales of API graph of different malicious codes, the API graph needs to be normalized. Considering the difficulties of sample collection and manual marking, it is necessary to expand the number of malware samples in industrial Internet. This paper proposes a method that combines PageRank with TF-IDF to process the API graph. Besides, this paper proposes a method to construct the adversarial samples of malwares based on GAN.
Yoon, JinYi, Lee, HyungJune.  2020.  PUFGAN: Embracing a Self-Adversarial Agent for Building a Defensible Edge Security Architecture. IEEE INFOCOM 2020 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications. :904–913.
In the era of edge computing and Artificial Intelligence (AI), securing billions of edge devices within a network against intelligent attacks is crucial. We propose PUFGAN, an innovative machine learning attack-proof security architecture, by embedding a self-adversarial agent within a device fingerprint- based security primitive, public PUF (PPUF) known for its strong fingerprint-driven cryptography. The self-adversarial agent is implemented using Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs). The agent attempts to self-attack the system based on two GAN variants, vanilla GAN and conditional GAN. By turning the attacking quality through generating realistic secret keys used in the PPUF primitive into system vulnerability, the security architecture is able to monitor its internal vulnerability. If the vulnerability level reaches at a specific value, PUFGAN allows the system to restructure its underlying security primitive via feedback to the PPUF hardware, maintaining security entropy at as high a level as possible. We evaluated PUFGAN on three different machine environments: Google Colab, a desktop PC, and a Raspberry Pi 2, using a real-world PPUF dataset. Extensive experiments demonstrated that even a strong device fingerprint security primitive can become vulnerable, necessitating active restructuring of the current primitive, making the system resilient against extreme attacking environments.
Xiao, Wenli, Jiang, Hao, Xia, Song.  2020.  A New Black Box Attack Generating Adversarial Examples Based on Reinforcement Learning. 2020 Information Communication Technologies Conference (ICTC). :141–146.
Machine learning can be misled by adversarial examples, which is formed by making small changes to the original data. Nowadays, there are kinds of methods to produce adversarial examples. However, they can not apply non-differentiable models, reduce the amount of calculations, and shorten the sample generation time at the same time. In this paper, we propose a new black box attack generating adversarial examples based on reinforcement learning. By using deep Q-learning network, we can train the substitute model and generate adversarial examples at the same time. Experimental results show that this method only needs 7.7ms to produce an adversarial example, which solves the problems of low efficiency, large amount of calculation and inapplicable to non-differentiable model.
Wang, Zhaoyuan, Wang, Dan, Duan, Qing, Sha, Guanglin, Ma, Chunyan, Zhao, Caihong.  2020.  Missing Load Situation Reconstruction Based on Generative Adversarial Networks. 2020 IEEE/IAS Industrial and Commercial Power System Asia (I CPS Asia). :1528—1534.
The completion and the correction of measurement data are the foundation of the ubiquitous power internet of things construction. However, data missing may occur during the data transporting process. Therefore, a model of missing load situation reconstruction based on the generative adversarial networks is proposed in this paper to overcome the disadvantage of depending on data of other relevant factors in conventional methods. Through the unsupervised training, the proposed model can automatically learn the complex features of loads that are difficult to model explicitly to fill the incomplete load data without using other relevant data. Meanwhile, a method of online correction is put forward to improve the robustness of the reconstruction model in different scenarios. The proposed method is fully data-driven and contains no explicit modeling process. The test results indicate that the proposed algorithm is well-matched for the various scenarios, including the discontinuous missing load reconstruction and the continuous missing load reconstruction even massive data missing. Specifically, the reconstruction error rate of the proposed algorithm is within 4% under the absence of 50% load data.
Olaimat, M. Al, Lee, D., Kim, Y., Kim, J., Kim, J..  2020.  A Learning-based Data Augmentation for Network Anomaly Detection. 2020 29th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN). :1–10.
While machine learning technologies have been remarkably advanced over the past several years, one of the fundamental requirements for the success of learning-based approaches would be the availability of high-quality data that thoroughly represent individual classes in a problem space. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon to observe a significant degree of class imbalance with only a few instances for minority classes in many datasets, including network traffic traces highly skewed toward a large number of normal connections while very small in quantity for attack instances. A well-known approach to addressing the class imbalance problem is data augmentation that generates synthetic instances belonging to minority classes. However, traditional statistical techniques may be limited since the extended data through statistical sampling should have the same density as original data instances with a minor degree of variation. This paper takes a learning-based approach to data augmentation to enable effective network anomaly detection. One of the critical challenges for the learning-based approach is the mode collapse problem resulting in a limited diversity of samples, which was also observed from our preliminary experimental result. To this end, we present a novel "Divide-Augment-Combine" (DAC) strategy, which groups the instances based on their characteristics and augments data on a group basis to represent a subset independently using a generative adversarial model. Our experimental results conducted with two recently collected public network datasets (UNSW-NB15 and IDS-2017) show that the proposed technique enhances performances up to 21.5% for identifying network anomalies.
Yilmaz, I., Masum, R., Siraj, A..  2020.  Addressing Imbalanced Data Problem with Generative Adversarial Network For Intrusion Detection. 2020 IEEE 21st International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration for Data Science (IRI). :25–30.

Machine learning techniques help to understand underlying patterns in datasets to develop defense mechanisms against cyber attacks. Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) technique is a machine learning technique used in detecting attack vs. benign data. However, it is difficult to construct any effective model when there are imbalances in the dataset that prevent proper classification of attack samples in data. In this research, we use UGR'16 dataset to conduct data wrangling initially. This technique helps to prepare a test set from the original dataset to train the neural network model effectively. We experimented with a series of inputs of varying sizes (i.e. 10000, 50000, 1 million) to observe the performance of the MLP neural network model with distribution of features over accuracy. Later, we use Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) model that produces samples of different attack labels (e.g. blacklist, anomaly spam, ssh scan) for balancing the dataset. These samples are generated based on data from the UGR'16 dataset. Further experiments with MLP neural network model shows that a balanced attack sample dataset, made possible with GAN, produces more accurate results than an imbalanced one.

Toma, A., Krayani, A., Marcenaro, L., Gao, Y., Regazzoni, C. S..  2020.  Deep Learning for Spectrum Anomaly Detection in Cognitive mmWave Radios. 2020 IEEE 31st Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications. :1–7.
Millimeter Wave (mmWave) band can be a solution to serve the vast number of Internet of Things (IoT) and Vehicle to Everything (V2X) devices. In this context, Cognitive Radio (CR) is capable of managing the mmWave spectrum sharing efficiently. However, Cognitive mmWave Radios are vulnerable to malicious users due to the complex dynamic radio environment and the shared access medium. This indicates the necessity to implement techniques able to detect precisely any anomalous behaviour in the spectrum to build secure and efficient radios. In this work, we propose a comparison framework between deep generative models: Conditional Generative Adversarial Network (C-GAN), Auxiliary Classifier Generative Adversarial Network (AC-GAN), and Variational Auto Encoder (VAE) used to detect anomalies inside the dynamic radio spectrum. For the sake of the evaluation, a real mmWave dataset is used, and results show that all of the models achieve high probability in detecting spectrum anomalies. Especially, AC-GAN that outperforms C-GAN and VAE in terms of accuracy and probability of detection.
Liao, D., Huang, S., Tan, Y., Bai, G..  2020.  Network Intrusion Detection Method Based on GAN Model. 2020 International Conference on Computer Communication and Network Security (CCNS). :153—156.

The existing network intrusion detection methods have less label samples in the training process, and the detection accuracy is not high. In order to solve this problem, this paper designs a network intrusion detection method based on the GAN model by using the adversarial idea contained in the GAN. The model enhances the original training set by continuously generating samples, which expanding the label sample set. In order to realize the multi-classification of samples, this paper transforms the previous binary classification model of the generated adversarial network into a supervised learning multi-classification model. The loss function of training is redefined, so that the corresponding training method and parameter setting are obtained. Under the same experimental conditions, several performance indicators are used to compare the detection ability of the proposed method, the original classification model and other models. The experimental results show that the method proposed in this paper is more stable, robust, accurate detection rate, has good generalization ability, and can effectively realize network intrusion detection.

Wu, L., Chen, X., Meng, L., Meng, X..  2020.  Multitask Adversarial Learning for Chinese Font Style Transfer. 2020 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN). :1–8.
Style transfer between Chinese fonts is challenging due to both the complexity of Chinese characters and the significant difference between fonts. Existing algorithms for this task typically learn a mapping between the reference and target fonts for each character. Subsequently, this mapping is used to generate the characters that do not exist in the target font. However, the characters available for training are unlikely to cover all fine-grained parts of the missing characters, leading to the overfitting problem. As a result, the generated characters of the target font may suffer problems of incomplete or even radicals and dirty dots. To address this problem, this paper presents a multi-task adversarial learning approach, termed MTfontGAN, to generate more vivid Chinese characters. MTfontGAN learns to transfer a reference font to multiple target ones simultaneously. An alignment is imposed on the encoders of different tasks to make them focus on the important parts of the characters in general style transfer. Such cross-task interactions at the feature level effectively improve the generalization capability of MTfontGAN. The performance of MTfontGAN is evaluated on three Chinese font datasets. Experimental results show that MTfontGAN outperforms the state-of-the-art algorithms in a single-task setting. More importantly, increasing the number of tasks leads to better performance in all of them.
McCloskey, S., Albright, M..  2019.  Detecting GAN-Generated Imagery Using Saturation Cues. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP). :4584—4588.
Image forensics is an increasingly relevant problem, as it can potentially address online disinformation campaigns and mitigate problematic aspects of social media. Of particular interest, given its recent successes, is the detection of imagery produced by Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs), e.g. `deepfakes'. Leveraging large training sets and extensive computing resources, recent GANs can be trained to generate synthetic imagery which is (in some ways) indistinguishable from real imagery. We analyze the structure of the generating network of a popular GAN implementation [1], and show that the network's treatment of exposure is markedly different from a real camera. We further show that this cue can be used to distinguish GAN-generated imagery from camera imagery, including effective discrimination between GAN imagery and real camera images used to train the GAN.
Younus, M. A., Hasan, T. M..  2020.  Effective and Fast DeepFake Detection Method Based on Haar Wavelet Transform. 2020 International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering (CSASE). :186—190.
DeepFake using Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) tampered videos reveals a new challenge in today's life. With the inception of GANs, generating high-quality fake videos becomes much easier and in a very realistic manner. Therefore, the development of efficient tools that can automatically detect these fake videos is of paramount importance. The proposed DeepFake detection method takes the advantage of the fact that current DeepFake generation algorithms cannot generate face images with varied resolutions, it is only able to generate new faces with a limited size and resolution, a further distortion and blur is needed to match and fit the fake face with the background and surrounding context in the source video. This transformation causes exclusive blur inconsistency between the generated face and its background in the outcome DeepFake videos, in turn, these artifacts can be effectively spotted by examining the edge pixels in the wavelet domain of the faces in each frame compared to the rest of the frame. A blur inconsistency detection scheme relied on the type of edge and the analysis of its sharpness using Haar wavelet transform as shown in this paper, by using this feature, it can determine if the face region in a video has been blurred or not and to what extent it has been blurred. Thus will lead to the detection of DeepFake videos. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme is demonstrated in the experimental results where the “UADFV” dataset has been used for the evaluation, a very successful detection rate with more than 90.5% was gained.
Maksutov, A. A., Morozov, V. O., Lavrenov, A. A., Smirnov, A. S..  2020.  Methods of Deepfake Detection Based on Machine Learning. 2020 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus). :408—411.
Nowadays, people faced an emerging problem of AI-synthesized face swapping videos, widely known as the DeepFakes. This kind of videos can be created to cause threats to privacy, fraudulence and so on. Sometimes good quality DeepFake videos recognition could be hard to distinguish with people eyes. That's why researchers need to develop algorithms to detect them. In this work, we present overview of indicators that can tell us about the fact that face swapping algorithms were used on photos. Main purpose of this paper is to find algorithm or technology that can decide whether photo was changed with DeepFake technology or not with good accuracy.
Zhou, Z., Yang, Y., Cai, Z., Yang, Y., Lin, L..  2019.  Combined Layer GAN for Image Style Transfer*. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Computational Electromagnetics (ICCEM). :1—3.

Image style transfer is an increasingly interesting topic in computer vision where the goal is to map images from one style to another. In this paper, we propose a new framework called Combined Layer GAN as a solution of dealing with image style transfer problem. Specifically, the edge-constraint and color-constraint are proposed and explored in the GAN based image translation method to improve the performance. The motivation of the work is that color and edge are fundamental vision factors for an image, while in the traditional deep network based approach, there is a lack of fine control of these factors in the process of translation and the performance is degraded consequently. Our experiments and evaluations show that our novel method with the edge and color constrains is more stable, and significantly improves the performance compared with the traditional methods.

Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y., Cai, W..  2018.  Separating Style and Content for Generalized Style Transfer. 2018 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. :8447–8455.

Neural style transfer has drawn broad attention in recent years. However, most existing methods aim to explicitly model the transformation between different styles, and the learned model is thus not generalizable to new styles. We here attempt to separate the representations for styles and contents, and propose a generalized style transfer network consisting of style encoder, content encoder, mixer and decoder. The style encoder and content encoder are used to extract the style and content factors from the style reference images and content reference images, respectively. The mixer employs a bilinear model to integrate the above two factors and finally feeds it into a decoder to generate images with target style and content. To separate the style features and content features, we leverage the conditional dependence of styles and contents given an image. During training, the encoder network learns to extract styles and contents from two sets of reference images in limited size, one with shared style and the other with shared content. This learning framework allows simultaneous style transfer among multiple styles and can be deemed as a special 'multi-task' learning scenario. The encoders are expected to capture the underlying features for different styles and contents which is generalizable to new styles and contents. For validation, we applied the proposed algorithm to the Chinese Typeface transfer problem. Extensive experiment results on character generation have demonstrated the effectiveness and robustness of our method.

Usama, M., Asim, M., Latif, S., Qadir, J., Ala-Al-Fuqaha.  2019.  Generative Adversarial Networks For Launching and Thwarting Adversarial Attacks on Network Intrusion Detection Systems. 2019 15th International Wireless Communications Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC). :78—83.

Intrusion detection systems (IDSs) are an essential cog of the network security suite that can defend the network from malicious intrusions and anomalous traffic. Many machine learning (ML)-based IDSs have been proposed in the literature for the detection of malicious network traffic. However, recent works have shown that ML models are vulnerable to adversarial perturbations through which an adversary can cause IDSs to malfunction by introducing a small impracticable perturbation in the network traffic. In this paper, we propose an adversarial ML attack using generative adversarial networks (GANs) that can successfully evade an ML-based IDS. We also show that GANs can be used to inoculate the IDS and make it more robust to adversarial perturbations.

Zhang, J., Chen, J., Wu, D., Chen, B., Yu, S..  2019.  Poisoning Attack in Federated Learning using Generative Adversarial Nets. 2019 18th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/13th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :374—380.

Federated learning is a novel distributed learning framework, where the deep learning model is trained in a collaborative manner among thousands of participants. The shares between server and participants are only model parameters, which prevent the server from direct access to the private training data. However, we notice that the federated learning architecture is vulnerable to an active attack from insider participants, called poisoning attack, where the attacker can act as a benign participant in federated learning to upload the poisoned update to the server so that he can easily affect the performance of the global model. In this work, we study and evaluate a poisoning attack in federated learning system based on generative adversarial nets (GAN). That is, an attacker first acts as a benign participant and stealthily trains a GAN to mimic prototypical samples of the other participants' training set which does not belong to the attacker. Then these generated samples will be fully controlled by the attacker to generate the poisoning updates, and the global model will be compromised by the attacker with uploading the scaled poisoning updates to the server. In our evaluation, we show that the attacker in our construction can successfully generate samples of other benign participants using GAN and the global model performs more than 80% accuracy on both poisoning tasks and main tasks.

Torkzadehmahani, Reihaneh, Kairouz, Peter, Paten, Benedict.  2019.  DP-CGAN: Differentially Private Synthetic Data and Label Generation. 2019 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW). :98—104.
Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) are one of the well-known models to generate synthetic data including images, especially for research communities that cannot use original sensitive datasets because they are not publicly accessible. One of the main challenges in this area is to preserve the privacy of individuals who participate in the training of the GAN models. To address this challenge, we introduce a Differentially Private Conditional GAN (DP-CGAN) training framework based on a new clipping and perturbation strategy, which improves the performance of the model while preserving privacy of the training dataset. DP-CGAN generates both synthetic data and corresponding labels and leverages the recently introduced Renyi differential privacy accountant to track the spent privacy budget. The experimental results show that DP-CGAN can generate visually and empirically promising results on the MNIST dataset with a single-digit epsilon parameter in differential privacy.
Liu, Junfu, Chen, Keming, Xu, Guangluan, Li, Hao, Yan, Menglong, Diao, Wenhui, Sun, Xian.  2019.  Semi-Supervised Change Detection Based on Graphs with Generative Adversarial Networks. IGARSS 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. :74—77.

In this paper, we present a semi-supervised remote sensing change detection method based on graph model with Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs). Firstly, the multi-temporal remote sensing change detection problem is converted as a problem of semi-supervised learning on graph where a majority of unlabeled nodes and a few labeled nodes are contained. Then, GANs are adopted to generate samples in a competitive manner and help improve the classification accuracy. Finally, a binary change map is produced by classifying the unlabeled nodes to a certain class with the help of both the labeled nodes and the unlabeled nodes on graph. Experimental results carried on several very high resolution remote sensing image data sets demonstrate the effectiveness of our method.

Cui, Yongcheng, Wang, Wenyong.  2019.  Colorless Video Rendering System via Generative Adversarial Networks. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Computer Applications (ICAICA). :464—467.

In today's society, even though the technology is so developed, the coloring of computer images has remained at the manual stage. As a carrier of human culture and art, film has existed in our history for hundred years. With the development of science and technology, movies have developed from the simple black-and-white film era to the current digital age. There is a very complicated process for coloring old movies. Aside from the traditional hand-painting techniques, the most common method is to use post-processing software for coloring movie frames. This kind of operation requires extraordinary skills, patience and aesthetics, which is a great test for the operator. In recent years, the extensive use of machine learning and neural networks has made it possible for computers to intelligently process images. Since 2016, various types of generative adversarial networks models have been proposed to make deep learning shine in the fields of image style transfer, image coloring, and image style change. In this case, the experiment uses the generative adversarial networks principle to process pictures and videos to realize the automatic rendering of old documentary movies.

Min, Congwen, Li, Yi, Fang, Li, Chen, Ping.  2019.  Conditional Generative Adversarial Network on Semi-supervised Learning Task. 2019 IEEE 5th International Conference on Computer and Communications (ICCC). :1448—1452.

Semi-supervised learning has recently gained increasingly attention because it can combine abundant unlabeled data with carefully labeled data to train deep neural networks. However, common semi-supervised methods deeply rely on the quality of pseudo labels. In this paper, we proposed a new semi-supervised learning method based on Generative Adversarial Network (GAN), by using discriminator to learn the feature of both labeled and unlabeled data, instead of generating pseudo labels that cannot all be correct. Our approach, semi-supervised conditional GAN (SCGAN), builds upon the conditional GAN model, extending it to semi-supervised learning by changing the discriminator's output to a classification output and a real or false output. We evaluate our approach with basic semi-supervised model on MNIST dataset. It shows that our approach achieves the classification accuracy with 84.15%, outperforming the basic semi-supervised model with 72.94%, when labeled data are 1/600 of all data.

Alshinina, Remah, Elleithy, Khaled.  2018.  A highly accurate machine learning approach for developing wireless sensor network middleware. 2018 Wireless Telecommunications Symposium (WTS). :1–7.
Despite the popularity of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in a wide range of applications, security problems associated with them have not been completely resolved. Middleware is generally introduced as an intermediate layer between WSNs and the end user to resolve some limitations, but most of the existing middleware is unable to protect data from malicious and unknown attacks during transmission. This paper introduces an intelligent middleware based on an unsupervised learning technique called Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) algorithm. GANs contain two networks: a generator (G) network and a detector (D) network. The G creates fake data similar to the real samples and combines it with real data from the sensors to confuse the attacker. The D contains multi-layers that have the ability to differentiate between real and fake data. The output intended for this algorithm shows an actual interpretation of the data that is securely communicated through the WSN. The framework is implemented in Python with experiments performed using Keras. Results illustrate that the suggested algorithm not only improves the accuracy of the data but also enhances its security by protecting data from adversaries. Data transmission from the WSN to the end user then becomes much more secure and accurate compared to conventional techniques.
Makhoul, Rawad, Maynard, Xavier, Perichon, Pierre, Frey, David, Jeannin, Pierre-Olivier, Lembeye, Yves.  2018.  A Novel Self Oscillating Class Phi2 Inverter Topology. 2018 2nd European Conference on Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS). :7—10.

The class φ2 is a single transistor, fast transient inverter topology often associated with power conversion at very high frequency (VHF: 30MHz-300MHz). At VHF, gate drivers available on the market fail to provide the adequate transistor switching signal. Hence, there is a need for new power topologies that do no make use of gate drivers but are still suitable for power conversion at VHF. In This paper, we introduce a new class φ;2 topology that incorporates an oscillator, which takes the drain signal through a feedback circuit in order to force the transistor switching. A design methodology is provided and a 1MHz 20V input prototype is built in order to validate the topology behaviour.

Robic-Butez, Pierrick, Win, Thu Yein.  2019.  Detection of Phishing websites using Generative Adversarial Network. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data). :3216—3221.

Phishing is typically deployed as an attack vector in the initial stages of a hacking endeavour. Due to it low-risk rightreward nature it has seen a widespread adoption, and detecting it has become a challenge in recent times. This paper proposes a novel means of detecting phishing websites using a Generative Adversarial Network. Taking into account the internal structure and external metadata of a website, the proposed approach uses a generator network which generates both legitimate as well as synthetic phishing features to train a discriminator network. The latter then determines if the features are either normal or phishing websites, before improving its detection accuracy based on the classification error. The proposed approach is evaluated using two different phishing datasets and is found to achieve a detection accuracy of up to 94%.

Ying, Huan, Ouyang, Xuan, Miao, Siwei, Cheng, Yushi.  2019.  Power Message Generation in Smart Grid via Generative Adversarial Network. 2019 IEEE 3rd Information Technology, Networking, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (ITNEC). :790–793.
As the next generation of the power system, smart grid develops towards automated and intellectualized. Along with the benefits brought by smart grids, e.g., improved energy conversion rate, power utilization rate, and power supply quality, are the security challenges. One of the most important issues in smart grids is to ensure reliable communication between the secondary equipment. The state-of-art method to ensure smart grid security is to detect cyber attacks by deep learning. However, due to the small number of negative samples, the performance of the detection system is limited. In this paper, we propose a novel approach that utilizes the Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) to generate abundant negative samples, which helps to improve the performance of the state-of-art detection system. The evaluation results demonstrate that the proposed method can effectively improve the performance of the detection system by 4%.
Zhan, Ying, Qin, Jin, Huang, Tao, Wu, Kang, Hu, Dan, Zhao, Zhengang, Wang, Yuntao, Cao, Ying, Jiao, RunCheng, Medjadba, Yasmine et al..  2019.  Hyperspectral Image Classification Based on Generative Adversarial Networks with Feature Fusing and Dynamic Neighborhood Voting Mechanism. IGARSS 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. :811–814.

Classifying Hyperspectral images with few training samples is a challenging problem. The generative adversarial networks (GAN) are promising techniques to address the problems. GAN constructs an adversarial game between a discriminator and a generator. The generator generates samples that are not distinguishable by the discriminator, and the discriminator determines whether or not a sample is composed of real data. In this paper, by introducing multilayer features fusion in GAN and a dynamic neighborhood voting mechanism, a novel algorithm for HSIs classification based on 1-D GAN was proposed. Extracting and fusing multiple layers features in discriminator, and using a little labeled samples, we fine-tuned a new sample 1-D CNN spectral classifier for HSIs. In order to improve the accuracy of the classification, we proposed a dynamic neighborhood voting mechanism to classify the HSIs with spatial features. The obtained results show that the proposed models provide competitive results compared to the state-of-the-art methods.