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2021-04-08
Ayub, M. A., Continella, A., Siraj, A..  2020.  An I/O Request Packet (IRP) Driven Effective Ransomware Detection Scheme using Artificial Neural Network. 2020 IEEE 21st International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration for Data Science (IRI). :319–324.
In recent times, there has been a global surge of ransomware attacks targeted at industries of various types and sizes from retail to critical infrastructure. Ransomware researchers are constantly coming across new kinds of ransomware samples every day and discovering novel ransomware families out in the wild. To mitigate this ever-growing menace, academia and industry-based security researchers have been utilizing unique ways to defend against this type of cyber-attacks. I/O Request Packet (IRP), a low-level file system I/O log, is a newly found research paradigm for defense against ransomware that is being explored frequently. As such in this study, to learn granular level, actionable insights of ransomware behavior, we analyze the IRP logs of 272 ransomware samples belonging to 18 different ransomware families captured during individual execution. We further our analysis by building an effective Artificial Neural Network (ANN) structure for successful ransomware detection by learning the underlying patterns of the IRP logs. We evaluate the ANN model with three different experimental settings to prove the effectiveness of our approach. The model demonstrates outstanding performance in terms of accuracy, precision score, recall score, and F1 score, i.e., in the range of 99.7%±0.2%.
2020-03-23
Noorbehbahani, Fakhroddin, Rasouli, Farzaneh, Saberi, Mohammad.  2019.  Analysis of Machine Learning Techniques for Ransomware Detection. 2019 16th International ISC (Iranian Society of Cryptology) Conference on Information Security and Cryptology (ISCISC). :128–133.

In parallel with the increasing growth of the Internet and computer networks, the number of malwares has been increasing every day. Today, one of the newest attacks and the biggest threats in cybersecurity is ransomware. The effectiveness of applying machine learning techniques for malware detection has been explored in much scientific research, however, there is few studies focused on machine learning-based ransomware detection. In this paper, the effectiveness of ransomware detection using machine learning methods applied to CICAndMal2017 dataset is examined in two experiments. First, the classifiers are trained on a single dataset containing different types of ransomware. Second, different classifiers are trained on datasets of 10 ransomware families distinctly. Our findings imply that in both experiments random forest outperforms other tested classifiers and the performance of the classifiers are not changed significantly when they are trained on each family distinctly. Therefore, the random forest classification method is very effective in ransomware detection.

2018-05-09
Hasan, M. M., Rahman, M. M..  2017.  RansHunt: A Support Vector Machines Based Ransomware Analysis Framework with Integrated Feature Set. 2017 20th International Conference of Computer and Information Technology (ICCIT). :1–7.

Ransomware is one of the most increasing malwares used by cyber-criminals in recent days. This type of malware uses cryptographic technology that encrypts a user's important files, folders makes the computer systems unusable, holds the decryption key and asks for the ransom from the victims for recovery. The recent ransomware families are very sophisticated and difficult to analyze & detect using static features only. On the other hand, latest crypto-ransomwares having sandboxing and IDS evading capabilities. So obviously, static or dynamic analysis of the ransomware alone cannot provide better solution. In this paper, we will present a Machine Learning based approach which will use integrated method, a combination of static and dynamic analysis to detect ransomware. The experimental test samples were taken from almost all ransomware families including the most recent ``WannaCry''. The results also suggest that combined analysis can detect ransomware with better accuracy compared to individual analysis approach. Since ransomware samples show some ``run-time'' and ``static code'' features, it also helps for the early detection of new and similar ransomware variants.