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2021-07-08
Li, Jiawei, Wang, Chuyu, Li, Ang, Han, Dianqi, Zhang, Yan, Zuo, Jinhang, Zhang, Rui, Xie, Lei, Zhang, Yanchao.  2020.  RF-Rhythm: Secure and Usable Two-Factor RFID Authentication. IEEE INFOCOM 2020 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications. :2194—2203.
Passive RFID technology is widely used in user authentication and access control. We propose RF-Rhythm, a secure and usable two-factor RFID authentication system with strong resilience to lost/stolen/cloned RFID cards. In RF-Rhythm, each legitimate user performs a sequence of taps on his/her RFID card according to a self-chosen secret melody. Such rhythmic taps can induce phase changes in the backscattered signals, which the RFID reader can detect to recover the user's tapping rhythm. In addition to verifying the RFID card's identification information as usual, the backend server compares the extracted tapping rhythm with what it acquires in the user enrollment phase. The user passes authentication checks if and only if both verifications succeed. We also propose a novel phase-hopping protocol in which the RFID reader emits Continuous Wave (CW) with random phases for extracting the user's secret tapping rhythm. Our protocol can prevent a capable adversary from extracting and then replaying a legitimate tapping rhythm from sniffed RFID signals. Comprehensive user experiments confirm the high security and usability of RF-Rhythm with false-positive and false-negative rates close to zero.
Wahyudono, Bintang, Ogi, Dion.  2020.  Implementation of Two Factor Authentication based on RFID and Face Recognition using LBP Algorithm on Access Control System. 2020 International Conference on ICT for Smart Society (ICISS). CFP2013V-ART:1—6.
Studies on two-factor authentication based on RFID and face recognition have been carried out on a large scale. However, these studies didn't discuss the way to overcome the weaknesses of face recognition authentication in the access control systems. In this study, two authentication factors, RFID and face recognition, were implemented using the LBP (Local Binary Pattern) algorithm to overcome weaknesses of face recognition authentication in the access control system. Based on the results of performance testing, the access control system has 100% RFID authentication and 80% face recognition authentication. The average time for the RFID authentication process is 0.03 seconds, the face recognition process is 6.3885 seconds and the verification of the face recognition is 0.1970 seconds. The access control system can still work properly after three days without being switched off. The results of security testing showed that the capabilities spoofing detection has 100% overcome the photo attack.
2021-06-30
Chen, Jichang, Lu, Zhixiang, Zhu, Xueping.  2020.  A Lightweight Dual Authentication Protocol for the Internet of Vehicles. 2020 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Information Systems and Computer Aided Education (ICISCAE). :17—22.
With the development of 5G communication technology, the status of the Internet of Vehicles in people's lives is greatly improved in the general trend of intelligent transportation. The combination of vehicles and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) makes the application prospects of vehicle networking gradually expand. However, the wireless network of the Internet of Vehicles is open and mobile, so it can be easily stolen or tampered with by attackers. Moreover, it will cause serious traffic security problems and even threat people's lives. In this paper, we propose a lightweight authentication protocol for the Internet of Vehicles based on a mobile RFID system and give corresponding security requirements for modeling potential attacks. The protocol is based on the three-party mutual authentication, and uses bit-operated left-cycle shift operations and hetero-oriented operations to generate encrypted data. The simultaneous inclusion of triparty shared key information and random numbers makes the protocol resistant to counterfeit attacks, violent attacks, replay attacks and desynchronization attacks. Finally, a simulation analysis of the security protocol using the ProVerif tool shows that the protocol secures is not accessible to attackers during the data transfer, and achieve the three-party authentication between sensor nodes (SN), vehicle nodes (Veh) and backend servers.
2020-12-14
Huang, Y., Wang, W., Wang, Y., Jiang, T., Zhang, Q..  2020.  Lightweight Sybil-Resilient Multi-Robot Networks by Multipath Manipulation. IEEE INFOCOM 2020 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications. :2185–2193.

Wireless networking opens up many opportunities to facilitate miniaturized robots in collaborative tasks, while the openness of wireless medium exposes robots to the threats of Sybil attackers, who can break the fundamental trust assumption in robotic collaboration by forging a large number of fictitious robots. Recent advances advocate the adoption of bulky multi-antenna systems to passively obtain fine-grained physical layer signatures, rendering them unaffordable to miniaturized robots. To overcome this conundrum, this paper presents ScatterID, a lightweight system that attaches featherlight and batteryless backscatter tags to single-antenna robots to defend against Sybil attacks. Instead of passively "observing" signatures, ScatterID actively "manipulates" multipath propagation by using backscatter tags to intentionally create rich multipath features obtainable to a single-antenna robot. These features are used to construct a distinct profile to detect the real signal source, even when the attacker is mobile and power-scaling. We implement ScatterID on the iRobot Create platform and evaluate it in typical indoor and outdoor environments. The experimental results show that our system achieves a high AUROC of 0.988 and an overall accuracy of 96.4% for identity verification.

2020-11-04
Wu, X., Chen, Y., Li, S..  2018.  Contactless Smart Card Experiments in a Cybersecurity Course. 2018 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE). :1—4.

This Innovate Practice Work in Progress paper is about education on Cybersecurity, which is essential in training of innovative talents in the era of the Internet. Besides knowledge and skills, it is important as well to enhance the students' awareness of cybersecurity in daily life. Considering that contactless smart cards are common and widely used in various areas, one basic and two advanced contactless smart card experiments were designed innovatively and assigned to junior students in 3-people groups in an introductory cybersecurity summer course. The experimental principles, facilities, contents and arrangement are introduced successively. Classroom tests were managed before and after the experiments, and a box and whisker plot is used to describe the distributions of the scores in both tests. The experimental output and student feedback implied the learning objectives were achieved through the problem-based, active and group learning experience during the experiments.

2020-07-24
Touati, Lyes.  2017.  Grouping-Proofs Based Access Control Using KP-ABE for IoT Applications. 2017 IEEE Trustcom/BigDataSE/ICESS. :301—308.

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a new paradigm in which every-day objects are interconnected between each other and to the Internet. This paradigm is receiving much attention of the scientific community and it is applied in many fields. In some applications, it is useful to prove that a number of objects are simultaneously present in a group. For example, an individual might want to authorize NFC payment with his mobile only if k of his devices are present to ensure that he is the right person. This principle is known as Grouping-Proofs. However, existing Grouping-Proofs schemes are mostly designed for RFID systems and don't fulfill the IoT characteristics. In this paper, we propose a Threshold Grouping-Proofs for IoT applications. Our scheme uses the Key-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (KP-ABE) protocol to encrypt a message so that it can be decrypted only if at least k objects are simultaneously present in the same location. A security analysis and performance evaluation is conducted to show the effectiveness of our proposal solution.

2020-06-12
Zhang, Suman, Qin, Cai, Wang, Chaowei, Wang, Weidong, Zhang, Yinghai.  2018.  Slot Assignment Algorithm Based on Hash Function for Multi-target RFID System. 2018 IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC). :583—587.

Multi-tag identification technique has been applied widely in the RFID system to increase flexibility of the system. However, it also brings serious tags collision issues, which demands the efficient anti-collision schemes. In this paper, we propose a Multi-target tags assignment slots algorithm based on Hash function (MTSH) for efficient multi-tag identification. The proposed algorithm can estimate the number of tags and dynamically adjust the frame length. Specifically, according to the number of tags, the proposed algorithm is composed of two cases. when the number of tags is small, a hash function is constructed to map the tags into corresponding slots. When the number of tags is large, the tags are grouped and randomly mapped into slots. During the tag identification, tags will be paired with a certain matching rate and then some tags will exit to improve the efficiency of the system. The simulation results indicate that the proposed algorithm outperforms the traditional anti-collision algorithms in terms of the system throughput, stability and identification efficiency.

2020-06-01
Lili, Yu, Lei, Zhang, Jing, Li, Fanbo, Meng.  2018.  A PSO clustering based RFID middleware. 2018 4th International Conference on Control, Automation and Robotics (ICCAR). :222–225.
In current, RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) Middleware is widely used in nearly all RFID applications, and provides service for raw data capturing, security data reading/writing as well as sensors controlling. However, as the existing Middlewares were organized with rigorous data comparison and data encryption, it is seriously affecting the usefulness and execution efficiency. Thus, in order to improve the utilization rate of effective data, increase the reading/writing speed as well as preserving the security of RFID, this paper proposed a PSO (Particle swarm optimization) clustering scheme to accelerate the procedure of data operation. Then with the help of PSO cluster, the RFID Middleware can provide better service for both data security and data availability. At last, a comparative experiment is proposed, which is used to further verify the advantage of our proposed scheme.
2020-05-04
Liu, Shan, Yue, Keming, Zhang, Yu, Yang, Huq, Liu, Lu, Duan, Xiaorong.  2018.  The Research on IOT Security Architecture and Its Key Technologies. 2018 IEEE 3rd Advanced Information Technology, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (IAEAC). :1277–1280.
With the development of scientific information technology, the emergence of the Internet of Things (IOT) promoted the information industry once again to a new stage of economic and technological development. From the perspective of confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information security, this paper analyzed the current state of the IOT and the security threats, and then researched the security primary technologies of the IOT security architecture. IOT security architecture established the foundation for a reliable information security system for the IOT.
2020-03-23
Kaul, Sonam Devgan, Hatzinakos, Dimitrios.  2019.  Learning Automata Based Secure Multi Agent RFID Authentication System. 2019 10th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). :1–7.
Radio frequency identification wireless sensing technology widely adopted and developed from last decade and has been utilized for monitoring and autonomous identification of objects. However, wider utilization of RFID technologies has introduced challenges such as preserving security and privacy of sensitive data while maintaining the high quality of service. Thus, in this work, we will deliberately build up a RFID system by utilizing learning automata based multi agent intelligent system to greatly enhance and secure message transactions and to improve operational efficiency. The incorporation of these two advancements and technological developments will provide maximum benefit in terms of expertly and securely handle data in RFID scenario. In proposed work, learning automata inbuilt RFID tags or assumed players choose their optimal strategy via enlarging its own utility function to achieve long term benefit. This is possible if they transmit their utility securely to back end server and then correspondingly safely get new utility function from server to behave optimally in its environment. Hence, our proposed authentication protocol, expertly transfer utility from learning automata inbuilt tags to reader and then to server. Moreover, we verify the security and privacy of our proposed system by utilizing automatic formal prover Scyther tool.
Xiao-Mei, Liu, Yong, Qian.  2019.  Research on LED lightweight cryptographic algorithm based on RFID tag of Internet of things. 2019 IEEE 8th Joint International Information Technology and Artificial Intelligence Conference (ITAIC). :1717–1720.
In recent years, with the rapid development of Internet of things, RFID tags have been widely used, in due to the chip used in radio frequency identification (RFID) tags is more demanding for resources, which also brings a great threat to the safety performance of cryptographic algorithms in differential power analysis (DPA). For this purpose, it is necessary to study the LED lightweight cryptography algorithm of RFID tags in the Internet of things, so as to explore a lightweight and secure cryptographic algorithm which can be applied to RFID Tags. In this paper, through the combination of Piccolo cryptographic algorithm and the new DPA protection technology threshold, we propose a LED lightweight cryptographic algorithm which can be applied to the RFID tag of the Internet of things. With the help of improve d exhaustive search and Boolean expression reconstruction, the two methods share the implementation of the S -box and the InvS-box, thereby effectively solves the burr threat problem of the S-box and the InvS-box in the sharing implementation process, the security performance of the algorithm is evaluated by the DPA attack of FPGA. The results show that the algorithm can achieve lightweight and security performance at the same time, can effectively meet the light and security requirements of RFID tag chip of Internet of things for cryptographic algorithms.
Al-Adhami, Ayad H., Ambroze, Marcel, Stengel, Ingo, Tomlinson, Martin.  2019.  An Effencient Improvement of RFID Authentication Protocol Using Hash Function ZKP. 2019 2nd Scientific Conference of Computer Sciences (SCCS). :87–92.
The applications of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology has been rapidly developed to be used in different fields that require automatic identification of objects and managing information. The advantage of employing RFID systems is to facilitate automatic identification of objects from distance without any interaction with tagged objects and without using a line of sight as compared with barcode. However, security and privacy constitute a challenge to RFID system as RFID systems use the wireless communication. Many researchers have introduced elliptical curve cryptographic (ECC) solutions to the security and privacy in RFID system as an ideal cryptosystem to be implemented with RFID technology. However, most of these solutions do not have provide adequate protection. Moreover, in terms of integrity and confidentiality level, most of these authentication protocols still vulnerable to some of security and privacy attacks. Based on these facts, this paper proposes a mutual authentication protocol that aims at enhancing an existing RFID authentication protocol that suffers from tracking attack and man-in-the-middle attack (MITM). The enhancement is accomplished by improving the security and privacy level against MITM, tracking attack and other related attacks. The proposed protocol is dependent on use the elliptical curve version of Schnorr identification protocol in combination with Keccak hash function. This combination leads to enhance the confidentiality and integrity level of the RFID authentication system and increase the privacy protection.
Essam, Gehad, Shehata, Heba, Khattab, Tamer, Abualsaud, Khalid, Guizani, Mohsen.  2019.  Novel Hybrid Physical Layer Security Technique in RFID Systems. 2019 15th International Wireless Communications Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC). :1299–1304.
In this paper, we propose a novel PHY layer security technique in radio frequency identification (RFID) backscatter communications system. In order to protect the RFID tag information confidentiality from the eavesdroppers attacks, the proposed technique deploys beam steering (BS) using a one dimensional (1-D) antenna array in the tag side in addition to noise injection from the reader side. The performance analysis and simulation results show that the new technique outperforms the already-existing noise injection security technique and overcomes its design limitations.
Tian, Mengfan, Qi, Junpeng, Ma, Rui.  2019.  UHF RFID Information Security Transmission Technology and Application Based on Domestic Cryptographic Algorithm. 2019 6th International Conference on Behavioral, Economic and Socio-Cultural Computing (BESC). :1–4.
With the continuous development of the Internet of Things, intelligent manufacturing has gradually entered the application stage, which urgently needs to solve the problem of information transmission security. In order to realize data security with transmission encryption, the UHF RFID tag based on domestic cryptographic algorithm SM7 is proposed. By writing the anti-counterfeiting authentication identification code when the tag leaves the factory, verifying the identification code when the tag is issued, and using the authentication code of the tag to participate in the sectoral key dispersion, the purpose of data security protection is achieved. Through this scheme, the security of tag information and transmission is guaranteed, and a new idea is provided for the follow-up large-scale extension of intelligent manufacturing.
Wang, Song, Zhang, Bo.  2019.  Research on RFID Information Security Technology Based on Elliptic Curve Algorithms. 2019 International Conference on Communications, Information System and Computer Engineering (CISCE). :386–389.
The security problem of RFID system is a great potential security hazard in its application. Due to the limitation of hardware conditions, traditional public key cryptography can not be directly used in security mechanism. Compared with the traditional RSA public key cryptography, the elliptic curve cryptography has the advantages of shorter key, faster processing speed and smaller storage space, which is very suitable for use in the RFID system.
Bothe, Alexander, Bauer, Jan, Aschenbruck, Nils.  2019.  RFID-assisted Continuous User Authentication for IoT-based Smart Farming. 2019 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology and Applications (RFID-TA). :505–510.
Smart Farming is driven by the emergence of precise positioning systems and Internet of Things technologies which have already enabled site-specific applications, sustainable resource management, and interconnected machinery. Nowadays, so-called Farm Management Information Systems (FMISs) enable farm-internal interconnection of agricultural machines and implements and, thereby, allow in-field data exchange and the orchestration of collaborative agricultural processes. Machine data is often directly logged during task execution. Moreover, interconnection of farms, agricultural contractors, and marketplaces ease the collaboration. However, current FMISs lack in security and particularly in user authentication. In this paper, we present a security architecture for a decentralized, manufacturer-independent, and open-source FMIS. Special attention is turned on the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)-based continuous user authentication which greatly improves security and credibility of automated documentation, while at the same time preserves usability in practice.
2020-03-02
Hofnăr, Aurel-Dragoş, Joldoş, Marius.  2019.  Host Oriented Factor Normalizing Authentication Resource: More Secure Authentication for Legacy Systems. 2019 IEEE 15th International Conference on Intelligent Computer Communication and Processing (ICCP). :1–6.
Whenever one accesses a computer system there are three essential security issues involved: identification, authentication and authorization. The identification process enables recognition of an entity, which may be either a human, a machine, or another asset - e.g. software program. Two complementary mechanisms are used for determining who can access those systems: authentication and authorization. To address the authentication process, various solutions have been proposed in the literature, from a simple password to newer technologies based on biometrics or RFID (Radio Frequency Identification). This paper presents a novel scalable multi-factor authentication method, applicable to computer systems with no need of any hardware/software changes.
2020-02-10
Ramu, Gandu, Mishra, Zeesha, Acharya, B..  2019.  Hardware implementation of Piccolo Encryption Algorithm for constrained RFID application. 2019 9th Annual Information Technology, Electromechanical Engineering and Microelectronics Conference (IEMECON). :85–89.
The deployment of smart devices in IoT applications are increasing with tremendous pace causing severe security concerns, as it trade most of private information. To counter that security issues in low resource applications, lightweight cryptographic algorithms have been introduced in recent past. In this paper we propose efficient hardware architecture of piccolo lightweight algorithm uses 64 bits block size with variable key size of length 80 and 128 bits. This paper introduces novel hardware architecture of piccolo-80, to supports high speed RFID security applications. Different design strategies are there to optimize the hardware metrics trade-off for particular application. The algorithm is implemented on different family of FPGAs with different devices to analyze the performance of design in 4 input LUTs and 6 input LUTs implementations. In addition, the results of hardware design are evaluated and compared with the most relevant lightweight block ciphers, shows the proposed architecture finds its utilization in terms of speed and area optimization from the hardware resources. The increment in throughput with optimized area of this architecture suggests that piccolo can applicable to implement for ultra-lightweight applications also.
2020-01-20
Rasheed, Amar, Hashemi, Ray R., Bagabas, Ayman, Young, Jeffrey, Badri, Chanukya, Patel, Keyur.  2019.  Configurable Anonymous Authentication Schemes For The Internet of Things (IoT). 2019 IEEE International Conference on RFID (RFID). :1–8.
The Internet of Things (IoT) has revolutionized the way of how pervasive computing devices communicate and disseminate information over the global network. A plethora of user data is collected and logged daily into cloud-based servers. Such data can be analyzed by the IoT infrastructure to capture users' behaviors (e.g. users' location, tagging of smart home occupancy). This brings a new set of security challenges, specifically user anonymity. Existing access control and authentication technologies failed to support user anonymity. They relied on the surrendering of the device/user authentication parameters to the trusted server, which hence could be utilized by the IoT infrastructure to track users' behavioral patterns. This paper, presents two novel configurable privacy-preserving authentication schemes. User anonymity capabilities were incorporated into our proposed authentication schemes through the implementation of two crypto-based approaches (i) Zero Knowledge Proof (ZKP) and (ii) Verifiable Common Secret Encoding (VCSE). We consider a user-oriented approach when determining user anonymity. The proposed authentication schemes are dynamically capable of supporting various levels of user privacy based on the user preferences. To validate the two schemes, they were fully implemented and deployed on an IoT testbed. We have tested the performance of each proposed schemes in terms of power consumption and computation time. Based on our performance evaluation results, the proposed ZKP-based approach provides better performance compared to the VCSE-based approach.
2019-11-12
Dreier, Jannik, Hirschi, Lucca, Radomirovic, Sasa, Sasse, Ralf.  2018.  Automated Unbounded Verification of Stateful Cryptographic Protocols with Exclusive OR. 2018 IEEE 31st Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF). :359-373.

Exclusive-or (XOR) operations are common in cryptographic protocols, in particular in RFID protocols and electronic payment protocols. Although there are numerous applications, due to the inherent complexity of faithful models of XOR, there is only limited tool support for the verification of cryptographic protocols using XOR. The Tamarin prover is a state-of-the-art verification tool for cryptographic protocols in the symbolic model. In this paper, we improve the underlying theory and the tool to deal with an equational theory modeling XOR operations. The XOR theory can be freely combined with all equational theories previously supported, including user-defined equational theories. This makes Tamarin the first tool to support simultaneously this large set of equational theories, protocols with global mutable state, an unbounded number of sessions, and complex security properties including observational equivalence. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach by analyzing several protocols that rely on XOR, in particular multiple RFID-protocols, where we can identify attacks as well as provide proofs.

2019-10-02
Alkadi, A., Chi, H., Prodanoff, Z. G., Kreidl, P..  2018.  Evaluation of Two RFID Traffic Models with Potential in Anomaly Detection. SoutheastCon 2018. :1–5.

The use of Knuth's Rule and Bayesian Blocks constant piecewise models for characterization of RFID traffic has been proposed already. This study presents an evaluation of the application of those two modeling techniques for various RFID traffic patterns. The data sets used in this study consist of time series of binned RFID command counts. More specifically., we compare the shape of several empirical plots of raw data sets we obtained from experimental RIFD readings., against the constant piecewise graphs produced as an output of the two modeling algorithms. One issue limiting the applicability of modeling techniques to RFID traffic is the fact that there are a large number of various RFID applications available. We consider this phenomenon to present the main motivation for this study. The general expectation is that the RFID traffic traces from different applications would be sequences with different histogram shapes. Therefore., no modeling technique could be considered universal for modeling the traffic from multiple RFID applications., without first evaluating its model performance for various traffic patterns. We postulate that differences in traffic patterns are present if the histograms of two different sets of RFID traces form visually different plot shapes.

Wang, S., Zhu, S., Zhang, Y..  2018.  Blockchain-Based Mutual Authentication Security Protocol for Distributed RFID Systems. 2018 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC). :00074–00077.

Since radio frequency identification (RFID) technology has been used in various scenarios such as supply chain, access control system and credit card, tremendous efforts have been made to improve the authentication between tags and readers to prevent potential attacks. Though effective in certain circumstances, these existing methods usually require a server to maintain a database of identity related information for every tag, which makes the system vulnerable to the SQL injection attack and not suitable for distributed environment. To address these problems, we now propose a novel blockchain-based mutual authentication security protocol. In this new scheme, there is no need for the trusted third parties to provide security and privacy for the system. Authentication is executed as an unmodifiable transaction based on blockchain rather than database, which applies to distributed RFID systems with high security demand and relatively low real-time requirement. Analysis shows that our protocol is logically correct and can prevent multiple attacks.

Cherneva, V., Trahan, J..  2019.  A Secure and Efficient Parallel-Dependency RFID Grouping-Proof Protocol. 2019 IEEE International Conference on RFID (RFID). :1–8.

In this time of ubiquitous computing and the evolution of the Internet of Things (IoT), the deployment and development of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is becoming more extensive. Proving the simultaneous presence of a group of RFID tagged objects is a practical need in many application areas within the IoT domain. Security, privacy, and efficiency are central issues when designing such a grouping-proof protocol. This work is motivated by our serial-dependent and Sundaresan et al.'s grouping-proof protocols. In this paper, we propose a light, improved offline protocol: parallel-dependency grouping-proof protocol (PDGPP). The protocol focuses on security, privacy, and efficiency. PDGPP tackles the challenges of including robust privacy mechanisms and accommodates missing tags. It is scalable and complies with EPC C1G2.

Sharma, V., Vithalkar, A., Hashmi, M..  2018.  Lightweight Security Protocol for Chipless RFID in Internet of Things (IoT) Applications. 2018 10th International Conference on Communication Systems Networks (COMSNETS). :468–471.

The RFID based communication between objects within the framework of IoT is potentially very efficient in terms of power requirements and system complexity. The new design incorporating the emerging chipless RFID tags has the potential to make the system more efficient and simple. However, these systems are prone to privacy and security risks and these challenges associated with such systems have not been addressed appropriately in the broader IoT framework. In this context, a lightweight collision free algorithm based on n-bit pseudo random number generator, X-OR hash function, and rotations for chipless RFID system is presented. The algorithm has been implemented on an 8-bit open-loop resonator based chipless RFID tag based system and is validated using BASYS 2 FPGA board based platform. The proposed scheme has been shown to possess security against various attacks such as Denial of Service (DoS), tag/reader anonymity, and tag impersonation.

Sharma, V., Malhotra, S., Hashmi, M..  2018.  An Emerging Application Centric RFID Framework Based on New Web Technology. 2018 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology Application (RFID-TA). :1–6.

In the context of emerging applications such as IoT, an RFID framework that can dynamically incorporate, identify, and seamlessly regulate the RFID tags is considered exciting. Earlier RFID frameworks developed using the older web technologies were limited in their ability to provide complete information about the RFID tags and their respective locations. However, the new and emerging web technologies have transformed this scenario and now framework can be developed to include all the required flexibility and security for seamless applications such as monitoring of RFID tags. This paper revisits and proposes a generic scenario of an RFID framework built using latest web technology and demonstrates its ability to customize using an application for tracking of personal user objects. This has been shown that the framework based on newer web technologies can be indeed robust, uniform, unified, and integrated.