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2021-08-31
Shamini, P. Baby, Wise, D. C. Joy Winnie, Megavarshini, K. S., Ramesh, Mudaliar Kritika.  2020.  A Real Time Auditing System using QR Code for Secure Cloud Storage. 2020 International Conference on Electronics and Sustainable Communication Systems (ICESC). :847—850.
The objective of the project is to structure a portable application for inspecting and putting away information through a distributed storage administration. The information is remotely put away in the cloud. In some distributed storage frameworks, the cloud record may contain some touchy data. Scrambling the entire shared record doesn't permit different clients to get to it. In the current framework the client needs to use the biometric information to guarantee the character of the client and afterward a marking key will be checked which is to ensure the personality and security of the client. The principle downside of utilizing the biometric information is that it can't be coordinated precisely because of the elements that influence the difference in biometric information. A reference id made is naturally changed over to the QR code and it is checked utilizing a scanner and the specific record is downloaded. This record whenever erased or lost in the customer's inward stockpiling it very well may be recovered again from the cloud.
2021-07-07
Yang, Yuanyuan, Li, Hui, Cheng, Xiangdong, Yang, Xin, Huo, Yaoguang.  2020.  A High Security Signature Algorithm Based on Kerberos for REST-style Cloud Storage Service. 2020 11th IEEE Annual Ubiquitous Computing, Electronics Mobile Communication Conference (UEMCON). :0176–0182.
The Representational State Transfer (REST) is a distributed application architecture style which adopted on providing various network services. The identity authentication protocol Kerberos has been used to guarantee the security identity authentication of many service platforms. However, the deployment of Kerberos protocol is limited by the defects such as password guessing attacks, data tampering, and replay attacks. In this paper, an optimized Kerberos protocol is proposed and applied in a REST-style Cloud Storage Architecture. Firstly, we propose a Lately Used Newly (LUN) key replacement method to resist the password guessing attacks in Kerberos protocol. Secondly, we propose a formatted signature algorithm and a combination of signature string and time stamp method to cope with the problems of tampering and replay attacks which in deploying Kerberos. Finally, we build a security protection module using the optimized Kerberos protocol to guarantee a secure identity authentication and the reliable data communication between the client and the server. Analyses show that the module significantly improves the security of Kerberos protocol in REST-style cloud storage services.
2021-06-30
Wang, Xiaodong, Jiao, Wenzhe, Yang, Huan, Guo, Lin, Ye, Xiaoxue, Guo, Yangming.  2020.  Algebraic Signature Based Data Possession Checking Method with Cloud Storage. 2020 11th International Conference on Prognostics and System Health Management (PHM-2020 Jinan). :11—16.
Cloud computing has been envisioned as a next generation information technology (IT) paradigm. The risk of losing data stored with any untrustworthy service provider is the key barrier to widespread uptake of cloud computing. This paper proposes an algebraic signature based remote data possession checking (RDPC) scheme to verify the integrity of the data stored in the cloud. This scheme integrates forward error-correcting codes to enhance the data possession guarantee, which can recover the data when a small amount of file has been deleted. The scheme allows verification without the need for the auditor to compare against the original data, which reduces the communication complexity dramatically. The storage complexity of cloud user is reduced to several bytes' information. Extensive security analysis and simulation show that the proposed scheme is highly provably secure. Finally, experiment results reveal that the computation performance is effective, and bounded by disk I/O.
2021-04-27
Lekshmi, M. M., Subramanian, N..  2020.  Data Auditing in Cloud Storage using Smart Contract. 2020 Third International Conference on Smart Systems and Inventive Technology (ICSSIT). :999–1002.
In general, Cloud storage is considered as a distributed model. Here, the data is usually stored on remote servers to properly maintain, back up and make it accessible to clients over a network, whenever required. Cloud storage providers keep the data and processes to oversee it on capacity servers based on secure virtualization methods. A security framework is proposed for auditing the cloud data, which makes use of the proposed blockchain technology. This ensures to efficiently maintain the data integrity. The blockchain structure inspects the mutation of operational information and thereby ensures the data security. Usually, the data auditing scheme is widely used in a Third Party Auditor (TPA), which is a centralized entity that the client is forced to trust, even if the credibility is not guaranteed. To avoid the participation of TPA, a decentralised scheme is suggested, where it uses a smart contract for auditing the cloud data. The working of smart contracts is based on blockchain. Ethereum is used to deploy a smart contract thereby eliminating the need of a foreign source in the data auditing process.
Chen, B., Wu, L., Li, L., Choo, K. R., He, D..  2020.  A Parallel and Forward Private Searchable Public-Key Encryption for Cloud-Based Data Sharing. IEEE Access. 8:28009–28020.
Data sharing through the cloud is flourishing with the development of cloud computing technology. The new wave of technology will also give rise to new security challenges, particularly the data confidentiality in cloud-based sharing applications. Searchable encryption is considered as one of the most promising solutions for balancing data confidentiality and usability. However, most existing searchable encryption schemes cannot simultaneously satisfy requirements for both high search efficiency and strong security due to lack of some must-have properties, such as parallel search and forward security. To address this problem, we propose a variant searchable encryption with parallelism and forward privacy, namely the parallel and forward private searchable public-key encryption (PFP-SPE). PFP-SPE scheme achieves both the parallelism and forward privacy at the expense of slightly higher storage costs. PFP-SPE has similar search efficiency with that of some searchable symmetric encryption schemes but no key distribution problem. The security analysis and the performance evaluation on a real-world dataset demonstrate that the proposed scheme is suitable for practical application.
Cao, L., Kang, Y., Wu, Q., Wu, R., Guo, X., Feng, T..  2020.  Searchable encryption cloud storage with dynamic data update to support efficient policy hiding. China Communications. 17:153–163.
Ciphertext policy attribute based encryption (CP-ABE) can provide high finegrained access control for cloud storage. However, it needs to solve problems such as property privacy protection, ciphertext search and data update in the application process. Therefore, based on CP-ABE scheme, this paper proposes a dynamically updatable searchable encryption cloud storage (DUSECS) scheme. Using the characteristics of homomorphic encryption, the encrypted data is compared to achieve efficient hiding policy. Meanwhile, adopting linked list structure, the DUSECS scheme realizes the dynamic data update and integrity detection, and the search encryption against keyword guessing attacks is achieved by combining homomorphic encryption with aggregation algorithm. The analysis of security and performance shows that the scheme is secure and efficient.
Mante, R. V., Bajad, N. R..  2020.  A Study of Searchable and Auditable Attribute Based Encryption in Cloud. 2020 5th International Conference on Communication and Electronics Systems (ICCES). :1411—1415.
In cloud computing, the data is stored and retrieved through the internet. There are some common systems for cloud storage which includes the system for e-health records, the file stored on to the cloud server includes information which is private and sensitive, and the main focus should be that at the time when data gets shared, the content of the file should not be revealed. One of the ways to secure the file data is to simply encrypt the file, but on the other side, the authenticate user to which the data is shared will not be able to use it. User's time and memory are saved by Storing data in the cloud. The main issue is that the user loses total control over the once it is upload. This issue needs to be addressed while designing the system. In this paper the study of various mechanisms and techniques for data security stored over the cloud and hiding of the sensitive and private data. The paper also discusses the various issues faced while using or applying the techniques. Here, a system is proposed to use the encryption techniques, algorithms as well as secure cloud storage.
Fuhry, B., Hirschoff, L., Koesnadi, S., Kerschbaum, F..  2020.  SeGShare: Secure Group File Sharing in the Cloud using Enclaves. 2020 50th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN). :476—488.
File sharing applications using cloud storage are increasingly popular for personal and business use. Due to data protection concerns, end-to-end encryption is often a desired feature of these applications. Many attempts at designing cryptographic solutions fail to be adopted due to missing relevant features. We present SeGShare, a new architecture for end-to-end encrypted, group-based file sharing using trusted execution environments (TEE), e.g., Intel SGX. SeGShare is the first solution to protect the confidentiality and integrity of all data and management files; enforce immediate permission and membership revocations; support deduplication; and mitigate rollback attacks. Next to authentication, authorization and file system management, our implementation features an optimized TLS layer that enables high throughput and low latency. The encryption overhead of our implementation is extremely small in computation and storage resources. Our enclave code comprises less than 8500 lines of code enabling efficient mitigation of common pitfalls in deploying code to TEEs.
2021-04-08
Sarma, M. S., Srinivas, Y., Abhiram, M., Ullala, L., Prasanthi, M. S., Rao, J. R..  2017.  Insider Threat Detection with Face Recognition and KNN User Classification. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Cloud Computing in Emerging Markets (CCEM). :39—44.
Information Security in cloud storage is a key trepidation with regards to Degree of Trust and Cloud Penetration. Cloud user community needs to ascertain performance and security via QoS. Numerous models have been proposed [2] [3] [6][7] to deal with security concerns. Detection and prevention of insider threats are concerns that also need to be tackled. Since the attacker is aware of sensitive information, threats due to cloud insider is a grave concern. In this paper, we have proposed an authentication mechanism, which performs authentication based on verifying facial features of the cloud user, in addition to username and password, thereby acting as two factor authentication. New QoS has been proposed which is capable of monitoring and detection of insider threats using Machine Learning Techniques. KNN Classification Algorithm has been used to classify users into legitimate, possibly legitimate, possibly not legitimate and not legitimate groups to verify image authenticity to conclude, whether there is any possible insider threat. A threat detection model has also been proposed for insider threats, which utilizes Facial recognition and Monitoring models. Security Method put forth in [6] [7] is honed to include threat detection QoS to earn higher degree of trust from cloud user community. As a recommendation, Threat detection module should be harnessed in private cloud deployments like Defense and Pharma applications. Experimentation has been conducted using open source Machine Learning libraries and results have been attached in this paper.
2021-03-22
Fan, X., Zhang, F., Turamat, E., Tong, C., Wu, J. H., Wang, K..  2020.  Provenance-based Classification Policy based on Encrypted Search. 2020 2nd International Conference on Industrial Artificial Intelligence (IAI). :1–6.
As an important type of cloud data, digital provenance is arousing increasing attention on improving system performance. Currently, provenance has been employed to provide cues regarding access control and to estimate data quality. However, provenance itself might also be sensitive information. Therefore, provenance might be encrypted and stored in the Cloud. In this paper, we provide a mechanism to classify cloud documents by searching specific keywords from their encrypted provenance, and we prove our scheme achieves semantic security. In term of application of the proposed techniques, considering that files are classified to store separately in the cloud, in order to facilitate the regulation and security protection for the files, the classification policies can use provenance as conditions to determine the category of a document. Such as the easiest sample policy goes like: the documents have been reviewed twice can be classified as “public accessible”, which can be accessed by the public.
Wang, X., Chi, Y., Zhang, Y..  2020.  Traceable Ciphertext Policy Attribute-based Encryption Scheme with User Revocation for Cloud Storage. 2020 International Conference on Computer Engineering and Application (ICCEA). :91–95.
Ciphertext policy Attribute-based encryption (CPABE) plays an increasingly important role in the field of fine-grained access control for cloud storage. However, The exiting solution can not balance the issue of user identity tracking and user revocation. In this paper, we propose a CP-ABE scheme that supports association revocation and traceability. This scheme uses identity directory technology to realize single user revocation and associated user revocation, and the ciphertext re-encryption technology guarantees the forward security of revocation without updating the private key. In addition, we can accurately trace the identity of the user according to the decryption private key and effectively solve the problem of key abuse. This scheme is proved to be safe and traceable under the standard model, and can effectively control the computational and storage costs while maintaining functional advantages. It is suitable for the practical scenarios of tracking audit and user revocation.
OGISO, S., Mohri, M., Shiraishi, Y..  2020.  Transparent Provable Data Possession Scheme for Cloud Storage. 2020 International Symposium on Networks, Computers and Communications (ISNCC). :1–5.
Provable Data Possession (PDP) is one of the data security techniques to make sure that the data stored in the cloud storage exists. In PDP, the integrity of the data stored in the cloud storage is probabilistically verified by the user or a third-party auditor. In the conventional PDP, the user creates the metadata used for audition. From the viewpoint of user convenience, it is desirable to be able to audit without operations other than uploading. In other words, the challenge is to provide a transparent PDP that verifies the integrity of files according to the general cloud storage system model so as not to add operations to users. We propose a scheme in which the cloud generates the metadata used during verification, and the user only uploads files. It is shown that the proposed scheme is resistant to the forgery of cloud proof and the acquisition of data by a third-party auditor.
Singh, P., Saroj, S. K..  2020.  A Secure Data Dynamics and Public Auditing Scheme for Cloud Storage. 2020 6th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS). :695–700.
Cloud computing is an evolving technology that provides data storage and highly fast computing services at a very low cost. All data stored in the cloud is handled by their cloud service providers or the caretaker of the cloud. The data owner is concerned about the authenticity and reliability of the data stored in the cloud as the data owners. Data can be misappropriated or altered by any unauthorized user or person. This paper desire to suggest a secure public auditing scheme applying third party auditors to authenticate the privacy, reliability, and integrity of data stored in the cloud. This proposed auditing scheme composes the use of the AES-256 algorithm for encryption, SHA-512 for integrity check and RSA-15360 for public-key encryption. And perform data dynamics operation which deals with mostly insertion, deletion, and, modification.
2021-02-23
Patil, A., Jha, A., Mulla, M. M., Narayan, D. G., Kengond, S..  2020.  Data Provenance Assurance for Cloud Storage Using Blockchain. 2020 International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communication Materials (ICACCM). :443—448.

Cloud forensics investigates the crime committed over cloud infrastructures like SLA-violations and storage privacy. Cloud storage forensics is the process of recording the history of the creation and operations performed on a cloud data object and investing it. Secure data provenance in the Cloud is crucial for data accountability, forensics, and privacy. Towards this, we present a Cloud-based data provenance framework using Blockchain, which traces data record operations and generates provenance data. Initially, we design a dropbox like application using AWS S3 storage. The application creates a cloud storage application for the students and faculty of the university, thereby making the storage and sharing of work and resources efficient. Later, we design a data provenance mechanism for confidential files of users using Ethereum blockchain. We also evaluate the proposed system using performance parameters like query and transaction latency by varying the load and number of nodes of the blockchain network.

2021-02-15
Rabieh, K., Mercan, S., Akkaya, K., Baboolal, V., Aygun, R. S..  2020.  Privacy-Preserving and Efficient Sharing of Drone Videos in Public Safety Scenarios using Proxy Re-encryption. 2020 IEEE 21st International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration for Data Science (IRI). :45–52.
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) also known as drones are being used in many applications where they can record or stream videos. One interesting application is the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and public safety applications where drones record videos and send them to a control center for further analysis. These videos are shared by various clients such as law enforcement or emergency personnel. In such cases, the recording might include faces of civilians or other sensitive information that might pose privacy concerns. While the video can be encrypted and stored in the cloud that way, it can still be accessed once the keys are exposed to third parties which is completely insecure. To prevent such insecurity, in this paper, we propose proxy re-encryption based sharing scheme to enable third parties to access only limited videos without having the original encryption key. The costly pairing operations in proxy re-encryption are not used to allow rapid access and delivery of the surveillance videos to third parties. The key management is handled by a trusted control center, which acts as the proxy to re-encrypt the data. We implemented and tested the approach in a realistic simulation environment using different resolutions under ns-3. The implementation results and comparisons indicate that there is an acceptable overhead while it can still preserve the privacy of drivers and passengers.
Chen, Z., Chen, J., Meng, W..  2020.  A New Dynamic Conditional Proxy Broadcast Re-Encryption Scheme for Cloud Storage and Sharing. 2020 IEEE Intl Conf on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, Intl Conf on Pervasive Intelligence and Computing, Intl Conf on Cloud and Big Data Computing, Intl Conf on Cyber Science and Technology Congress (DASC/PiCom/CBDCom/CyberSciTech). :569–576.
Security of cloud storage and sharing is concerned for years since a semi-trusted party, Cloud Server Provider (CSP), has access to user data on cloud server that may leak users' private data without constraint. Intuitively, an efficient solution of protecting cloud data is to encrypt it before uploading to the cloud server. However, a new requirement, data sharing, makes it difficult to manage secret keys among data owners and target users. Therefore conditional proxy broadcast re-encryption technology (CPBRE) is proposed in recent years to provide data encryption and sharing approaches for cloud environment. It enables a data owner to upload encrypted data to the cloud server and a third party proxy can re-encrypted cloud data under certain condition to a new ciphertext so that target users can decrypt re-encrypted data using their own private key. But few CPBRE schemes are applicable for a dynamic cloud environment. In this paper, we propose a new dynamic conditional proxy broadcast reencryption scheme that can be dynamic in system user setting and target user group. The initialization phase does not require a fixed system user setup so that users can join or leave the system in any time. And data owner can dynamically change the group of user he wants to share data with. We also provide security analysis which proves our scheme to be secure against CSP, and performance analysis shows that our scheme exceeds other schemes in terms of functionality and resource cost.
2021-01-25
Abbas, M. S., Mahdi, S. S., Hussien, S. A..  2020.  Security Improvement of Cloud Data Using Hybrid Cryptography and Steganography. 2020 International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering (CSASE). :123–127.
One of the significant advancements in information technology is Cloud computing, but the security issue of data storage is a big problem in the cloud environment. That is why a system is proposed in this paper for improving the security of cloud data using encryption, information concealment, and hashing functions. In the data encryption phase, we implemented hybrid encryption using the algorithm of AES symmetric encryption and the algorithm of RSA asymmetric encryption. Next, the encrypted data will be hidden in an image using LSB algorithm. In the data validation phase, we use the SHA hashing algorithm. Also, in our suggestion, we compress the data using the LZW algorithm before hiding it in the image. Thus, it allows hiding as much data as possible. By using information concealment technology and mixed encryption, we can achieve strong data security. In this paper, PSNR and SSIM values were calculated in addition to the graph to evaluate the image masking performance before and after applying the compression process. The results showed that PSNR values of stego-image are better for compressed data compared to data before compression.
ManJiang, D., Kai, C., ZengXi, W., LiPeng, Z..  2020.  Design of a Cloud Storage Security Encryption Algorithm for Power Bidding System. 2020 IEEE 4th Information Technology, Networking, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (ITNEC). 1:1875–1879.
To solve the problem of poor security and performance caused by traditional encryption algorithm in the cloud data storage of power bidding system, we proposes a hybrid encryption method based on symmetric encryption and asymmetric encryption. In this method, firstly, the plaintext upload file is divided into several blocks according to the proportion, then the large file block is encrypted by symmetrical encryption algorithm AES to ensure the encryption performance, and then the small file block and AES key are encrypted by asymmetric encryption algorithm ECC to ensure the file encryption strength and the security of key transmission. Finally, the ciphertext file is generated and stored in the cloud storage environment to prevent sensitive files Pieces from being stolen and destroyed. The experimental results show that the hybrid encryption method can improve the anti-attack ability of cloud storage files, ensure the security of file storage, and have high efficiency of file upload and download.
2020-12-11
Liu, F., Li, J., Wang, Y., Li, L..  2019.  Kubestorage: A Cloud Native Storage Engine for Massive Small Files. 2019 6th International Conference on Behavioral, Economic and Socio-Cultural Computing (BESC). :1—4.
Cloud Native, the emerging computing infrastructure has become a new trend for cloud computing, especially after the development of containerization technology such as docker and LXD, and the orchestration system for them like Kubernetes and Swarm. With the growing popularity of Cloud Native, the following problems have been raised: (i) most Cloud Native applications were designed for making full use of the cloud platform, but their file storage has not been completely optimized for adapting it. (ii) the traditional file system is designed as a utility for storing and retrieving files, usually built into the kernel of the operating systems. But when placing it to a large-scale condition, like a network storage server shared by thousands of computing instances, and stores millions of files, it will be slow and even unstable. (iii) most storage solutions use metadata for faster tracking of files, but the metadata itself will take up a lot of space, and the capacity of it is usually limited. If the file system store metadata directly into hard disk without caching, the tracking of massive small files will be a lot slower. (iv) The traditional object storage solution can't provide enough features to make itself more practical on the cloud such as caching and auto replication. This paper proposes a new storage engine based on the well-known Haystack storage engine, optimized in terms of service discovery and Automated fault tolerance, make it more suitable for Cloud Native infrastructure, deployment and applications. We use the object storage model to solve the large and high-frequency file storage needs, offering a simple and unified set of APIs for application to access. We also take advantage of Kubernetes' sophisticated and automated toolchains to make cloud storage easier to deploy, more flexible to scale, and more stable to run.
2020-11-23
Sreekumari, P..  2018.  Privacy-Preserving Keyword Search Schemes over Encrypted Cloud Data: An Extensive Analysis. 2018 IEEE 4th International Conference on Big Data Security on Cloud (BigDataSecurity), IEEE International Conference on High Performance and Smart Computing, (HPSC) and IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Data and Security (IDS). :114–120.
Big Data has rapidly developed into a hot research topic in many areas that attracts attention from academia and industry around the world. Many organization demands efficient solution to store, process, analyze and search huge amount of information. With the rapid development of cloud computing, organization prefers cloud storage services to reduce the overhead of storing data locally. However, the security and privacy of big data in cloud computing is a major source of concern. One of the positive ways of protecting data is encrypting it before outsourcing to remote servers, but the encrypted significant amounts of cloud data brings difficulties for the remote servers to perform any keyword search functions without leaking information. Various privacy-preserving keyword search (PPKS) schemes have been proposed to mitigate the privacy issue of big data encrypted on cloud storage. This paper presents an extensive analysis of the existing PPKS techniques in terms of verifiability, efficiency and data privacy. Through this analysis, we present some valuable directions for future work.
2020-11-16
Roisum, H., Urizar, L., Yeh, J., Salisbury, K., Magette, M..  2019.  Completeness Integrity Protection for Outsourced Databases Using Semantic Fake Data. 2019 4th International Conference on Communication and Information Systems (ICCIS). :222–228.
As cloud storage and computing gains popularity, data entrusted to the cloud has the potential to be exposed to more people and thus more vulnerable to attacks. It is important to develop mechanisms to protect data privacy and integrity so that clients can safely outsource their data to the cloud. We present a method for ensuring data completeness which is one facet of the data integrity problem. Our approach converts a standard database to a Completeness Protected Database (CPDB) by inserting some semantic fake data before outsourcing it to the cloud. These fake data are initially produced using our generating function which uses Order Preserving Encryption, which allows the user to be able to regenerate these fake data and match them to fake data returned from a range query to check for completeness. The CPDB is innovative in the following ways: (1) fake data is deterministically generated but is semantically indistinguishable from other existing data; (2) since fake data is generated by deterministic functions, data owners do not need to locally store the fake data that have been inserted, instead they can re-generate fake data using the functions; (3) no costly data encryption/signature is used in our scheme compared to previous work which encrypt/sign the entire database.
2020-07-24
Dong, Qiuxiang, Huang, Dijiang, Luo, Jim, Kang, Myong.  2018.  Achieving Fine-Grained Access Control with Discretionary User Revocation over Cloud Data. 2018 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). :1—9.
Cloud storage solutions have gained momentum in recent years. However, cloud servers can not be fully trusted. Data access control have becomes one of the main impediments for further adoption. One appealing approach is to incorporate the access control into encrypted data, thus removing the need to trust the cloud servers. Among existing cryptographic solutions, Ciphertext Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE) is well suited for fine-grained data access control in cloud storage. As promising as it is, user revocation is a cumbersome problem that impedes its wide application. To address this issue, we design an access control system called DUR-CP-ABE, which implements identity-based User Revocation in a data owner Discretionary way. In short, the proposed solution provides the following salient features. First, user revocation enforcement is based on the discretion of the data owner, thus providing more flexibility. Second, no private key updates are needed when user revocation occurs. Third, the proposed scheme allows for group revocation of affiliated users in a batch operation. To the best of our knowledge, DUR-CP-ABE is the first CP-ABE solution to provide affiliation- based batch revocation functionality, which fits naturally into organizations' Identity and Access Management (IAM) structure. The analysis shows that the proposed access control system is provably secure and efficient in terms of computation, communi- cation and storage.
Li, Chunhua, He, Jinbiao, Lei, Cheng, Guo, Chan, Zhou, Ke.  2018.  Achieving Privacy-Preserving CP-ABE Access Control with Multi-Cloud. 2018 IEEE Intl Conf on Parallel Distributed Processing with Applications, Ubiquitous Computing Communications, Big Data Cloud Computing, Social Computing Networking, Sustainable Computing Communications (ISPA/IUCC/BDCloud/SocialCom/SustainCom). :801—808.
Cloud storage service makes it very convenient for people to access and share data. At the same time, the confidentiality and privacy of user data is also facing great challenges. Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE) scheme is widely considered to be the most suitable security access control technology for cloud storage environment. Aiming at the problem of privacy leakage caused by single-cloud CP-ABE which is commonly adopted in the current schemes, this paper proposes a privacy-preserving CP-ABE access control scheme using multi-cloud architecture. By improving the traditional CP-ABE algorithm and introducing a proxy to cut the user's private key, it can ensure that only a part of the user attribute set can be obtained by a single cloud, which effectively protects the privacy of user attributes. Meanwhile, the intermediate logical structure of the access policy tree is stored in proxy, and only the leaf node information is stored in the ciphertext, which effectively protects the privacy of the access policy. Security analysis shows that our scheme is effective against replay and man-in-the-middle attacks, as well as user collusion attack. Experimental results also demonstrates that the multi-cloud CP-ABE does not significantly increase the overhead of storage and encryption compared to the single cloud scheme, but the access control overhead decreases as the number of clouds increases. When the access policy is expressed with a AND gate structure, the decryption overhead is obviously less than that of a single cloud environment.
2020-07-20
Ning, Jianting, Cao, Zhenfu, Dong, Xiaolei, Wei, Lifei.  2018.  White-Box Traceable CP-ABE for Cloud Storage Service: How to Catch People Leaking Their Access Credentials Effectively. IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing. 15:883–897.
Ciphertext-policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) has been proposed to enable fine-grained access control on encrypted data for cloud storage service. In the context of CP-ABE, since the decryption privilege is shared by multiple users who have the same attributes, it is difficult to identify the original key owner when given an exposed key. This leaves the malicious cloud users a chance to leak their access credentials to outsourced data in clouds for profits without the risk of being caught, which severely damages data security. To address this problem, we add the property of traceability to the conventional CP-ABE. To catch people leaking their access credentials to outsourced data in clouds for profits effectively, in this paper, we first propose two kinds of non-interactive commitments for traitor tracing. Then we present a fully secure traceable CP-ABE system for cloud storage service from the proposed commitment. Our proposed commitments for traitor tracing may be of independent interest, as they are both pairing-friendly and homomorphic. We also provide extensive experimental results to confirm the feasibility and efficiency of the proposed solution.
2020-07-10
Zhang, Mengyu, Zhang, Hecan, Yang, Yahui, Shen, Qingni.  2019.  PTAD:Provable and Traceable Assured Deletion in Cloud Storage. 2019 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC). :1—6.

As an efficient deletion method, unlinking is widely used in cloud storage. While unlinking is a kind of incomplete deletion, `deleted data' remains on cloud and can be recovered. To make `deleted data' unrecoverable, overwriting is an effective method on cloud. Users lose control over their data on cloud once deleted, so it is difficult for them to confirm overwriting. In face of such a crucial problem, we propose a Provable and Traceable Assured Deletion (PTAD) scheme in cloud storage based on blockchain. PTAD scheme relies on overwriting to achieve assured deletion. We reference the idea of data integrity checking and design algorithms to verify if cloud overwrites original blocks properly as specific patterns. We utilize technique of smart contract in blockchain to automatically execute verification and keep transaction in ledger for tracking. The whole scheme can be divided into three stages-unlinking, overwriting and verification-and we design one specific algorithm for each stage. For evaluation, we implement PTAD scheme on cloud and construct a consortium chain with Hyperledger Fabric. The performance shows that PTAD scheme is effective and feasible.