Visible to the public Biblio

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Tyagi, H., Vardy, A..  2015.  Universal Hashing for Information-Theoretic Security. Proceedings of the IEEE. 103:1781–1795.
The information-theoretic approach to security entails harnessing the correlated randomness available in nature to establish security. It uses tools from information theory and coding and yields provable security, even against an adversary with unbounded computational power. However, the feasibility of this approach in practice depends on the development of efficiently implementable schemes. In this paper, we review a special class of practical schemes for information-theoretic security that are based on 2-universal hash families. Specific cases of secret key agreement and wiretap coding are considered, and general themes are identified. The scheme presented for wiretap coding is modular and can be implemented easily by including an extra preprocessing layer over the existing transmission codes.
Bloch, M., Barros, J., Rodrigues, M. R. D., McLaughlin, S. W..  2008.  Wireless Information-Theoretic Security. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory. 54:2515–2534.
This paper considers the transmission of confidential data over wireless channels. Based on an information-theoretic formulation of the problem, in which two legitimates partners communicate over a quasi-static fading channel and an eavesdropper observes their transmissions through a second independent quasi-static fading channel, the important role of fading is characterized in terms of average secure communication rates and outage probability. Based on the insights from this analysis, a practical secure communication protocol is developed, which uses a four-step procedure to ensure wireless information-theoretic security: (i) common randomness via opportunistic transmission, (ii) message reconciliation, (iii) common key generation via privacy amplification, and (iv) message protection with a secret key. A reconciliation procedure based on multilevel coding and optimized low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes is introduced, which allows to achieve communication rates close to the fundamental security limits in several relevant instances. Finally, a set of metrics for assessing average secure key generation rates is established, and it is shown that the protocol is effective in secure key renewal-even in the presence of imperfect channel state information.
Iwamoto, M., Ohta, K., Shikata, J..  2018.  Security Formalizations and Their Relationships for Encryption and Key Agreement in Information-Theoretic Cryptography. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory. 64:654–685.
This paper analyzes the formalizations of information-theoretic security for the fundamental primitives in cryptography: symmetric-key encryption and key agreement. Revisiting the previous results, we can formalize information-theoretic security using different methods, by extending Shannon's perfect secrecy, by information-theoretic analogues of indistinguishability and semantic security, and by the frameworks for composability of protocols. We show the relationships among the security formalizations and obtain the following results. First, in the case of encryption, there are significant gaps among the formalizations, and a certain type of relaxed perfect secrecy or a variant of information-theoretic indistinguishability is the strongest notion. Second, in the case of key agreement, there are significant gaps among the formalizations, and a certain type of relaxed perfect secrecy is the strongest notion. In particular, in both encryption and key agreement, the formalization of composable security is not stronger than any other formalizations. Furthermore, as an application of the relationships in encryption and key agreement, we simultaneously derive a family of lower bounds on the size of secret keys and security quantities required under the above formalizations, which also implies the importance and usefulness of the relationships.
Gururaj, P..  2020.  Identity management using permissioned blockchain. 2020 International Conference on Mainstreaming Block Chain Implementation (ICOMBI). :1—3.

Authenticating a person's identity has always been a challenge. While attempts are being made by government agencies to address this challenge, the citizens are being exposed to a new age problem of Identity management. The sharing of photocopies of identity cards in order to prove our identity is a common sight. From score-card to Aadhar-card, the details of our identity has reached many unauthorized hands during the years. In India the identity thefts accounts for 77% [1] of the fraud cases, and the threats are trending. Programs like e-Residency by Estonia[2], Bitnation using Ethereum[3] are being devised for an efficient Identity Management. Even the US Home Land Security is funding a research with an objective of “Design information security and privacy concepts on the Blockchain to support identity management capabilities that increase security and productivity while decreasing costs and security risks for the Homeland Security Enterprise (HSE).” [4] This paper will discuss the challenges specific to India around Identity Management, and the possible solution that the Distributed ledger, hashing algorithms and smart contracts can offer. The logic of hashing the personal data, and controlling the distribution of identity using public-private keys with Blockchain technology will be discussed in this paper.

Wang, X., Chi, Y., Zhang, Y..  2020.  Traceable Ciphertext Policy Attribute-based Encryption Scheme with User Revocation for Cloud Storage. 2020 International Conference on Computer Engineering and Application (ICCEA). :91–95.
Ciphertext policy Attribute-based encryption (CPABE) plays an increasingly important role in the field of fine-grained access control for cloud storage. However, The exiting solution can not balance the issue of user identity tracking and user revocation. In this paper, we propose a CP-ABE scheme that supports association revocation and traceability. This scheme uses identity directory technology to realize single user revocation and associated user revocation, and the ciphertext re-encryption technology guarantees the forward security of revocation without updating the private key. In addition, we can accurately trace the identity of the user according to the decryption private key and effectively solve the problem of key abuse. This scheme is proved to be safe and traceable under the standard model, and can effectively control the computational and storage costs while maintaining functional advantages. It is suitable for the practical scenarios of tracking audit and user revocation.
Babu, S. A., Ameer, P. M..  2020.  Physical Adversarial Attacks Against Deep Learning Based Channel Decoding Systems. 2020 IEEE Region 10 Symposium (TENSYMP). :1511–1514.

Deep Learning (DL), in spite of its huge success in many new fields, is extremely vulnerable to adversarial attacks. We demonstrate how an attacker applies physical white-box and black-box adversarial attacks to Channel decoding systems based on DL. We show that these attacks can affect the systems and decrease performance. We uncover that these attacks are more effective than conventional jamming attacks. Additionally, we show that classical decoding schemes are more robust than the deep learning channel decoding systems in the presence of both adversarial and jamming attacks.

Chen, Z., Chen, J., Meng, W..  2020.  A New Dynamic Conditional Proxy Broadcast Re-Encryption Scheme for Cloud Storage and Sharing. 2020 IEEE Intl Conf on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, Intl Conf on Pervasive Intelligence and Computing, Intl Conf on Cloud and Big Data Computing, Intl Conf on Cyber Science and Technology Congress (DASC/PiCom/CBDCom/CyberSciTech). :569–576.
Security of cloud storage and sharing is concerned for years since a semi-trusted party, Cloud Server Provider (CSP), has access to user data on cloud server that may leak users' private data without constraint. Intuitively, an efficient solution of protecting cloud data is to encrypt it before uploading to the cloud server. However, a new requirement, data sharing, makes it difficult to manage secret keys among data owners and target users. Therefore conditional proxy broadcast re-encryption technology (CPBRE) is proposed in recent years to provide data encryption and sharing approaches for cloud environment. It enables a data owner to upload encrypted data to the cloud server and a third party proxy can re-encrypted cloud data under certain condition to a new ciphertext so that target users can decrypt re-encrypted data using their own private key. But few CPBRE schemes are applicable for a dynamic cloud environment. In this paper, we propose a new dynamic conditional proxy broadcast reencryption scheme that can be dynamic in system user setting and target user group. The initialization phase does not require a fixed system user setup so that users can join or leave the system in any time. And data owner can dynamically change the group of user he wants to share data with. We also provide security analysis which proves our scheme to be secure against CSP, and performance analysis shows that our scheme exceeds other schemes in terms of functionality and resource cost.
Jain, S., Sharma, S., Chandavarkar, B. R..  2020.  Mitigating Man-in-the-Middle Attack in Digital Signature. 2020 11th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). :1–5.
We all are living in the digital era, where the maximum of the information is available online. The digital world has made the transfer of information easy and provides the basic needs of security like authentication, integrity, nonrepudiation, etc. But, with the improvement in security, cyber-attacks have also increased. Security researchers have provided many techniques to prevent these cyber-attacks; one is a Digital Signature (DS). The digital signature uses cryptographic key pairs (public and private) to provide the message's integrity and verify the sender's identity. The private key used in the digital signature is confidential; if attackers find it by using various techniques, then this can result in an attack. This paper presents a brief introduction about the digital signature and how it is vulnerable to a man-in-the-middle attack. Further, it discusses a technique to prevent this attack in the digital signature.
Pramanik, S., Bandyopadhyay, S. K., Ghosh, R..  2020.  Signature Image Hiding in Color Image using Steganography and Cryptography based on Digital Signature Concepts. 2020 2nd International Conference on Innovative Mechanisms for Industry Applications (ICIMIA). :665–669.
Data Transmission in network security is one of the most vital issues in today's communication world. The outcome of the suggested method is outlined over here. Enhanced security can be achieved by this method. The vigorous growth in the field of information communication has made information transmission much easier. But this type of advancement has opened up many possibilities of information being snooped. So, day-by-day maintaining of information security is becoming an inseparable part of computing and communication. In this paper, the authors have explored techniques that blend cryptography & steganography together. In steganography, information is kept hidden behind a cover image. In this paper, approaches for information hiding using both cryptography & steganography is proposed keeping in mind two considerations - size of the encrypted object and degree of security. Here, signature image information is kept hidden into cover image using private key of sender & receiver, which extracts the information from stego image using a public key. This approach can be used for message authentication, message integrity & non-repudiation purpose.
Pandey, A., Mahajan, D., Gupta, S., Rastogi, i.  2020.  Detection of Blind Signature Using Recursive Sum. 2020 6th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication (ICSC). :262–265.
Digital signatures are suitable technology for public key encryption. Acceptance (non-repudiation) of digital messages and data origin authentication are one of the main usage of digital signature. Digital signature's security mainly depends on the keys (public and private). These keys are used to generate and validate digital signatures. In digital signature signing process is performed using signer's secret key. However, any attacker can present a blinded version of message encrypted with signer's public key and can get the original message. Therefore, this paper proposed a novel method to identify blinded version of digital signature. The proposed method has been tested mathematically and found to be more efficient to detect blind signatures.
Swetha, K., Kalyan, S. P., Pavan, V., Roshini, A..  2020.  A Modified Tiny Asymmetric Encryption for Secure Ftp to Network. 2020 6th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS). :1176–1180.
The target of this venture is to give the protected correspondence among the associated frameworks in the system. It gives the vital validation to the record moving in the system transmission. It comprises of 3 modules in particular encryption and unscrambling module, secret key verification to the information that needs to transmit through system. In this system, File Transfer Protocol can be used to execute Server-client innovation and the document can be scrambled and unscrambled by sending the end client through attachment programming of the end client.
Li, C., He, J., Liu, S., Guo, D., Song, L..  2020.  On Secrecy Key of a class of Secure Asymmetric Multilevel Diversity Coding System. 2020 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT). :879—883.
With the explosive development of big data, it is necessary to sort the data according to their importance or priorities. The sources with different importance levels can be modeled by the multilevel diversity coding systems (MDCS). Another trend in future communication networks, say 5G wireless networks and Internet of Things, is that users may obtain their data from all available sources, even from devices belonging to other users. Then, the privacy of data becomes a crucial issue. In a recent work by Li et al., the secure asymmetric MDCS (S-AMDCS) with wiretap channels was investigated, where the wiretapped messages do not leak any information about the sources (i.e. perfect secrecy). It was shown that superposition (source-separate coding) is not optimal for the general S-AMDCS and the exact full secure rate region was proved for a class of S-AMDCS. In addition, a bound on the key size of the secure rate region was provided as well. As a further step on the SAMDCS problem, this paper mainly focuses on the key size characterization. Specifically, the constraints on the key size of superposition secure rate region are proved and a counterexample is found to show that the bound on the key size of the exact secure rate region provided by Li et al. is not tight. In contrast, tight necessary and sufficient constraints on the secrecy key size of the counterexample, which is the four-encoder S-AMDCS, are proved.
Guan, L., Lin, J., Ma, Z., Luo, B., Xia, L., Jing, J..  2018.  Copker: A Cryptographic Engine Against Cold-Boot Attacks. IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing. 15:742–754.
Cryptosystems are essential for computer and communication security, e.g., RSA or ECDSA in PGP Email clients and AES in full disk encryption. In practice, the cryptographic keys are loaded and stored in RAM as plain-text, and therefore vulnerable to cold-boot attacks exploiting the remanence effect of RAM chips to directly read memory data. To tackle this problem, we propose Copker, a cryptographic engine that implements asymmetric cryptosystems entirely within the CPU, without storing any plain-text sensitive data in RAM. Copker supports the popular asymmetric cryptosystems (i.e., RSA and ECDSA), and deterministic random bit generators (DRBGs) used in ECDSA signing. In its active mode, Copker stores kilobytes of sensitive data, including the private key, the DRBG seed and intermediate states, only in on-chip CPU caches (and registers). Decryption/signing operations are performed without storing any sensitive information in RAM. In the suspend mode, Copker stores symmetrically-encrypted private keys and DRBG seeds in memory, while employs existing solutions to keep the key-encryption key securely in CPU registers. Hence, Copker releases the system resources in the suspend mode. We implement Copker with the support of multiple private keys. With security analyses and intensive experiments, we demonstrate that Copker provides cryptographic services that are secure against cold-boot attacks and introduce reasonable overhead.
Lin, Chun-Yu, Huang, Juinn-Dar, Yao, Hailong, Ho, Tsung-Yi.  2018.  A Comprehensive Security System for Digital Microfluidic Biochips. 2018 IEEE International Test Conference in Asia (ITC-Asia). :151—156.

Digital microfluidic biochips (DMFBs) have become popular in the healthcare industry recently because of its lowcost, high-throughput, and portability. Users can execute the experiments on biochips with high resolution, and the biochips market therefore grows significantly. However, malicious attackers exploit Intellectual Property (IP) piracy and Trojan attacks to gain illegal profits. The conventional approaches present defense mechanisms that target either IP piracy or Trojan attacks. In practical, DMFBs may suffer from the threat of being attacked by these two attacks at the same time. This paper presents a comprehensive security system to protect DMFBs from IP piracy and Trojan attacks. We propose an authentication mechanism to protect IP and detect errors caused by Trojans with CCD cameras. By our security system, we could generate secret keys for authentication and determine whether the bioassay is under the IP piracy and Trojan attacks. Experimental results demonstrate the efficacy of our security system without overhead of the bioassay completion time.

Zhang, Jiliang, Qu, Gang.  2020.  Physical Unclonable Function-Based Key Sharing via Machine Learning for IoT Security. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics. 67:7025—7033.

In many industry Internet of Things applications, resources like CPU, memory, and battery power are limited and cannot afford the classic cryptographic security solutions. Silicon physical unclonable function (PUF) is a lightweight security primitive that exploits manufacturing variations during the chip fabrication process for key generation and/or device authentication. However, traditional weak PUFs such as ring oscillator (RO) PUF generate chip-unique key for each device, which restricts their application in security protocols where the same key is required to be shared in resource-constrained devices. In this article, in order to address this issue, we propose a PUF-based key sharing method for the first time. The basic idea is to implement one-to-one input-output mapping with lookup table (LUT)-based interstage crossing structures in each level of inverters of RO PUF. Individual customization on configuration bits of interstage crossing structure and different RO selections with challenges bring high flexibility. Therefore, with the flexible configuration of interstage crossing structures and challenges, crossover RO PUF can generate the same shared key for resource-constrained devices, which enables a new application for lightweight key sharing protocols.

Qin, Baodong, Zheng, Dong.  2019.  Generic Approach to Outsource the Decryption of Attribute-Based Encryption in Cloud Computing. IEEE Access. 7:42331—42342.

The notion of attribute-based encryption with outsourced decryption (OD-ABE) was proposed by Green, Hohenberger, and Waters. In OD-ABE, the ABE ciphertext is converted to a partially-decrypted ciphertext that has a shorter bit length and a faster decryption time than that of the ABE ciphertext. In particular, the transformation can be performed by a powerful third party with a public transformation key. In this paper, we propose a generic approach for constructing ABE with outsourced decryption from standard ABE, as long as the later satisfies some additional properties. Its security can be reduced to the underlying standard ABE in the selective security model by a black-box way. To avoid the drawback of selective security in practice, we further propose a modified decryption outsourcing mode so that our generic construction can be adapted to satisfying adaptive security. This partially solves the open problem of constructing an OD-ABE scheme, and its adaptive security can be reduced to the underlying ABE scheme in a black-box way. Then, we present some concrete constructions that not only encompass existing ABE outsourcing schemes of Green et al., but also result in new selectively/adaptively-secure OD-ABE schemes with more efficient transformation key generation algorithm. Finally, we use the PBC library to test the efficiency of our schemes and compare the results with some previous ones, which shows that our schemes are more efficient in terms of decryption outsourcing and transformation key generation.

Zhao, Zhen, Lai, Jianchang, Susilo, Willy, Wang, Baocang, Hu, Yupu, Guo, Fuchun.  2019.  Efficient Construction for Full Black-Box Accountable Authority Identity-Based Encryption. IEEE Access. 7:25936—25947.

Accountable authority identity-based encryption (A-IBE), as an attractive way to guarantee the user privacy security, enables a malicious private key generator (PKG) to be traced if it generates and re-distributes a user private key. Particularly, an A-IBE scheme achieves full black-box security if it can further trace a decoder box and is secure against a malicious PKG who can access the user decryption results. In PKC'11, Sahai and Seyalioglu presented a generic construction for full black-box A-IBE from a primitive called dummy identity-based encryption, which is a hybrid between IBE and attribute-based encryption (ABE). However, as the complexity of ABE, their construction is inefficient and the size of private keys and ciphertexts in their instantiation is linear in the length of user identity. In this paper, we present a new efficient generic construction for full black-box A-IBE from a new primitive called token-based identity-based encryption (TB-IBE), without using ABE. We first formalize the definition and security model for TB-IBE. Subsequently, we show that a TB-IBE scheme satisfying some properties can be converted to a full black-box A-IBE scheme, which is as efficient as the underlying TB-IBE scheme in terms of computational complexity and parameter sizes. Finally, we give an instantiation with the computational complexity as O(1) and the constant size master key pair, private keys, and ciphertexts.

Sree Ranjani, R, Nirmala Devi, M.  2018.  A Novel Logical Locking Technique Against Key-Guessing Attacks. 2018 8th International Symposium on Embedded Computing and System Design (ISED). :178—182.
Logical locking is the most popular countermeasure against the hardware attacks like intellectual property (IP) piracy, Trojan insertion and illegal integrated circuit (IC) overproduction. The functionality of the design is locked by the added logics into the design. Thus, the design is accessible only to the authorized users by applying the valid keys. However, extracting the secret key of the logically locked design have become an extensive effort and it is commonly known as key guessing attacks. Thus, the main objective of the proposed technique is to build a secured hardware against attacks like Brute force attack, Hill climbing attack and path sensitization attacks. Furthermore, the gates with low observability are chosen for encryption, this is to obtain an optimal output corruption of 50% Hamming distance with minimal design overhead and implementation complexity. The experimental results are validated on ISCAS'85 benchmark circuits, with a highly secured locking mechanism.
Gohil, Nikhil N., Vemuri, Ranga R..  2019.  Automated Synthesis of Differential Power Attack Resistant Integrated Circuits. 2019 IEEE National Aerospace and Electronics Conference (NAECON). :204–211.
Differential Power Analysis (DPA) attacks were shown to be effective in recovering the secret key information from a variety cryptographic systems. In response, several design methods, ranging from the cell level to the algorithmic level, have been proposed to defend against DPA attacks. Cell level solutions depend on DPA resistant cell designs which attempt to minimize power variance during transitions while minimizing area and power consumption. In this paper, we discuss how a differential circuit design style is incorporated into a COTS tool set, resulting in a fully automated synthesis system DPA resistant integrated circuits. Based on the Secure Differential Multiplexer Logic (SDMLp), this system can be used to synthesize complete cryptographic processors which provide strong defense against DPA while minimizing area and power overhead. We discuss how both combinational and sequential cells are incorporated in the cell library. We show the effectiveness of the tool chain by using it to automatically synthesize the layouts, from RT level Verilog specifications, of both the DES and AES encryption ICs in 90nm CMOS. In each case, we present experimental data to demonstrate DPA attack resistance and area, power and performance overhead and compare these with circuits synthesized in another differential logic called MDPL as well as standard CMOS synthesis results.
Myint, Phyo Wah Wah, Hlaing, Swe Zin, Htoon, Ei Chaw.  2019.  Policy-based Revolutionary Ciphertext-policy Attributes-based Encryption. 2019 International Conference on Advanced Information Technologies (ICAIT). :227–232.
Ciphertext-policy Attributes-based Encryption (CP-ABE) is an encouraging cryptographic mechanism. It behaves an access control mechanism for data security. A ciphertext and secret key of user are dependent upon attributes. As a nature of CP-ABE, the data owner defines access policy before encrypting plaintext by his right. Therefore, CP-ABE is suitable in a real environment. In CP-ABE, the revocation issue is demanding since each attribute is shared by many users. A policy-based revolutionary CP-ABE scheme is proposed in this paper. In the proposed scheme, revocation takes place in policy level because a policy consists of threshold attributes and each policy is identified as a unique identity number. Policy revocation means that the data owner updates his policy identity number for ciphertext whenever any attribute is changed in his policy. To be a flexible updating policy control, four types of updating policy levels are identified for the data owner. Authorized user gets a secret key from a trusted authority (TA). TA updates the secret key according to the policy updating level done by the data owner. This paper tests personal health records (PHRs) and analyzes execution times among conventional CP-ABE, other enhanced CP-ABE and the proposed scheme.
Xu, Ye, Li, Fengying, Cao, Bin.  2019.  Privacy-Preserving Authentication Based on Pseudonyms and Secret Sharing for VANET. 2019 Computing, Communications and IoT Applications (ComComAp). :157—162.
In this paper, we propose a conditional privacy-preserving authentication scheme based on pseudonyms and (t,n) threshold secret sharing, named CPPT, for vehicular communications. To achieve conditional privacy preservation, our scheme implements anonymous communications based on pseudonyms generated by hash chains. To prevent bad vehicles from conducting framed attacks on honest ones, CPPT introduces Shamir (t,n) threshold secret sharing technique. In addition, through two one-way hash chains, forward security and backward security are guaranteed, and it also optimize the revocation overhead. The size of certificate revocation list (CRL) is only proportional to the number of revoked vehicles and irrelated to how many pseudonymous certificates are held by the revoked vehicles. Extensive simulations demonstrate that CPPT outperforms ECPP, DCS, Hybrid and EMAP schemes in terms of revocation overhead, certificate updating overhead and authentication overhead.
Yue, Tongxu, Wang, Chuang, Zhu, Zhi-xiang.  2019.  Hybrid Encryption Algorithm Based on Wireless Sensor Networks. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation (ICMA). :690–694.
Based on the analysis of existing wireless sensor networks(WSNs) security vulnerability, combining the characteristics of high encryption efficiency of the symmetric encryption algorithm and high encryption intensity of asymmetric encryption algorithm, a hybrid encryption algorithm based on wireless sensor networks is proposed. Firstly, by grouping plaintext messages, this algorithm uses advanced encryption standard (AES) of symmetric encryption algorithm and elliptic curve encryption (ECC) of asymmetric encryption algorithm to encrypt plaintext blocks, then uses data compression technology to get cipher blocks, and finally connects MAC address and AES key encrypted by ECC to form a complete ciphertext message. Through the description and implementation of the algorithm, the results show that the algorithm can reduce the encryption time, decryption time and total running time complexity without losing security.
Davenport, Amanda, Shetty, Sachin.  2019.  Modeling Threat of Leaking Private Keys from Air-Gapped Blockchain Wallets. 2019 IEEE International Smart Cities Conference (ISC2). :9—13.

In this paper we consider the threat surface and security of air gapped wallet schemes for permissioned blockchains as preparation for a Markov based mathematical model, and quantify the risk associated with private key leakage. We identify existing threats to the wallet scheme and existing work done to both attack and secure the scheme. We provide an overview the proposed model and outline justification for our methods. We follow with next steps in our remaining work and the overarching goals and motivation for our methods.

Arthi, A., Aravindhan, K..  2019.  Enhancing the Performance Analysis of LWA Protocol Key Agreement in Vehicular Ad hoc Network. 2019 5th International Conference on Advanced Computing Communication Systems (ICACCS). :1070–1074.

Road accidents are challenging threat in the present scenario. In India there are 5, 01,423 road accidents in 2015. A day 400 hundred deaths are forcing to India to take car safety sincerely. The common cause for road accidents is driver's distraction. In current world the people are dominated by the tablet PC and other hand held devices. The VANET technology is a vehicle-to-vehicle communication; here the main challenge will be to deliver qualified communication during mobility. The paper proposes a standard new restricted lightweight authentication protocol utilizing key agreement theme for VANETs. Inside the planned topic, it has three sorts of validations: 1) V2V 2) V2CH; and 3) CH and RSU. Aside from this authentication, the planned topic conjointly keeps up mystery keys between RSUs for the safe communication. Thorough informal security analysis demonstrates the planned subject is skilled to guard different malicious attack. In addition, the NS2 Simulation exhibits the possibility of the proposed plan in VANET background.

Li, Qi, Ma, Jianfeng, Xiong, Jinbo, Zhang, Tao, Liu, Ximeng.  2013.  Fully Secure Decentralized Key-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption. 2013 5th International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems. :220—225.

In previous multi-authority key-policy attribute-based Encryption (KP-ABE) schemes, either a super power central authority (CA) exists, or multiple attribute authorities (AAs) must collaborate in initializing the system. In addition, those schemes are proved security in the selective model. In this paper, we propose a new fully secure decentralized KP-ABE scheme, where no CA exists and there is no cooperation between any AAs. To become an AA, a participant needs to create and publish its public parameters. All the user's private keys will be linked with his unique global identifier (GID). The proposed scheme supports any monotonic access structure which can be expressed by a linear secret sharing scheme (LSSS). We prove the full security of our scheme in the standard model. Our scheme is also secure against at most F-1 AAs corruption, where F is the number of AAs in the system. The efficiency of our scheme is almost as well as that of the underlying fully secure single-authority KP-ABE system.