Visible to the public Biblio

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2021-07-08
Ilokah, Munachiso, Eklund, J. Mikael.  2020.  A Secure Privacy Preserving Cloud-based Framework for Sharing Electronic Health Data*. 2020 42nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine Biology Society (EMBC). :5592—5597.
There exists a need for sharing user health data, especially with institutes for research purposes, in a secure fashion. This is especially true in the case of a system that includes a third party storage service, such as cloud computing, which limits the control of the data owner. The use of encryption for secure data storage continues to evolve to meet the need for flexible and fine-grained access control. This evolution has led to the development of Attribute Based Encryption (ABE). The use of ABE to ensure the security and privacy of health data has been explored. This paper presents an ABE based framework which allows for the secure outsourcing of the more computationally intensive processes for data decryption to the cloud servers. This reduces the time needed for decryption to occur at the user end and reduces the amount of computational power needed by users to access data.
Raja, S. Kanaga Suba, Sathya, A., Priya, L..  2020.  A Hybrid Data Access Control Using AES and RSA for Ensuring Privacy in Electronic Healthcare Records. 2020 International Conference on Power, Energy, Control and Transmission Systems (ICPECTS). :1—5.
In the current scenario, the data owners would like to access data from anywhere and anytime. Hence, they will store their data in public or private cloud along with encryption and particular set of attributes to access control on the cloud data. While uploading the data into public or private cloud they will assign some attribute set to their data. If any authorized cloud user wants to download their data they should enter that particular attribute set to perform further actions on the data owner's data. A cloud user wants to register their details under cloud organization to access the data owner's data. Users wants to submit their details as attributes along with their designation. Based on the Users details Semi-Trusted Authority generates decryption keys to get control on owner's data. A user can perform a lot of operation over the cloud data. If the user wants to read the cloud data he needs to be entering some read related, and if he wants to write the data he needs to be entering write related attribute. For each and every action user in an organization would be verified with their unique attribute set. These attributes will be stored by the admins to the authorized users in cloud organization. These attributes will be stored in the policy files in a cloud. Along with this attribute,a rule based engine is used, to provide the access control to user. If any user leaks their decryption key to the any malicious user data owners wants to trace by sending audit request to auditor and auditor will process the data owners request and concludes that who is the convict.
2021-05-25
Pradhan, Ankit, R., Punith., Sethi, Kamalakanta, Bera, Padmalochan.  2020.  Smart Grid Data Security using Practical CP-ABE with Obfuscated Policy and Outsourcing Decryption. 2020 International Conference on Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics and Assessment (CyberSA). :1–8.
Smart grid consists of multiple different entities related to various energy management systems which share fine-grained energy measurements among themselves in an optimal and reliable manner. Such delivery is achieved through intelligent transmission and distribution networks composed of various stakeholders like Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs), Master and Remote Terminal Units (MTU and RTU), Storage Centers and users in power utility departments subject to volatile changes in requirements. Hence, secure accessibility of data becomes vital in the context of efficient functioning of the smart grid. In this paper, we propose a practical attribute-based encryption scheme for securing data sharing and data access in Smart Grid architectures with the added advantage of obfuscating the access policy. This is aimed at preserving data privacy in the context of competing smart grid operators. We build our scheme on Linear Secret Sharing (LSS) Schemes for supporting any monotone access structures and thus enhancing the expressiveness of access policies. Lastly, we analyze the security, access policy privacy and collusion resistance properties of our cryptosystem and provide an efficiency comparison as well as experimental analysis using the Charm-Crypto framework to validate the proficiency of our proposed solution.
2021-04-27
Zhang, L., Su, J., Mu, Y..  2020.  Outsourcing Attributed-Based Ranked Searchable Encryption With Revocation for Cloud Storage. IEEE Access. 8:104344–104356.
With the rapid growth of the cloud computing and strengthening of security requirements, encrypted cloud services are of importance and benefit. For the huge ciphertext data stored in the cloud, many secure searchable methods based on cryptography with keywords are introduced. In all the methods, attribute-based searchable encryption is considered as the truthful and efficient method since it supports the flexible access policy. However, the attribute-based system suffers from two defects when applied in the cloud storage. One of them is that the huge data in the cloud makes the users process all the relevant files related to the certain keyword. For the other side, the users and users' attributes inevitably change frequently. Therefore, attribute revocation is also an important problem in the system. To overcome these drawbacks, an attribute-based ranked searchable encryption scheme with revocation is proposed. We rank the ciphertext documents according to the TF×IDF principle, and then only return the relevant top-k files. Besides the decryption sever, an encryption sever is also introduced. And a large number of computations are outsourced to the encryption server and decryption server, which reduces the computing overhead of the client. In addition, the proposed scheme uses a real-time revocation method to achieve attribute revocation and delegates most of the update tasks to the cloud, which also reduces the calculation overhead of the user side. The performance evaluations show the scheme is feasible and more efficient than the available ones.
2021-03-22
Zhang, T., Wang, J..  2020.  Secure Outsourcing Algorithms of Modular Exponentiations in Edge Computing. 2020 IEEE 19th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom). :576–583.
As one of the most expensive computations in public-key cryptosystems, modular exponentiation is typically out-sourced to the cloud servers. Traditional cloud-based outsourcing algorithms depend on multiple untrusted servers to guarantee the security, which may lead to vulnerability to the collusion attack. Although recent single-server multiple-requests outsourcing algorithms are more secure, they have to perform multiple requests to the single untrusted server to guarantee the security and checkability of the data, which will incur unacceptable latency and local computational costs. In comparison, the edge computing paradigm enhances security since it has multiple computational nodes, including some highly secure local computational nodes. In this paper, we propose the secure outsourcing algorithm of modular exponentiation for the edge computing paradigm. To address the dilemma that the computational resources of different nodes vary significantly, we design two lightweight algorithms to adaptively separate the modular exponentiation to the nodes based on the computational resources. To guarantee the outsourcing checkability, we propose a protocol verify the result returned from each node. We formally prove the security and checkability of our algorithm and validate the efficiency of our algorithm based on experiments and case studies.
Yogita, Gupta, N. Kumar.  2020.  Integrity Auditing with Attribute based ECMRSA Algorithm for Cloud Data Outsourcing. 2020 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Sustainable Systems (ICISS). :1284–1289.
Cloud computing is a vast area within which large amounts of data are exchanged through cloud services and has fully grown with its on-demand technology. Due to these versatile cloud services, sensitive data will be stored on cloud storage servers and it is also used to dynamically control a number of problems: security, privacy, data privacy, data sharing, and integrity across cloud servers. Moreover, the legitimacy and control of data access should be maintained in this extended environment. So, one of the most important concepts of cryptographic techniques in cloud computing environment is Attribute Based Encryption (ABE). In this research work, data auditing or integrity checking is considered as an area of concern for securing th cloud storage. In data auditing approach, an auditor inspects and verifies the data file integrity without having any knowledge about the content of file and sends the verification report to the data owner. In this research, Elliptical Curve Modified RSA (ECMRSA) is proposed along with Modified MD5 algorithm which is used for attribute-based cloud data integrity verification, in which data user or owner uploads their encrypted data files at cloud data server and send the auditing request to the Third-Party Auditor (TPA) for verification of their data files. The Third-Party Auditor (TPA) challenges the data server for ensuring the integrity of data files on behalf of the data owners. After verification of integrity of data file auditor sends the audit report to the owner. The proposed algorithm integrates the auditing scheme with public key encryption with homomorphic algorithm which generates digital signature or hash values of data files on encrypted files. The result analysis is performed on time complexity by evaluating encryption time, GenProof time and VerifyProof Time and achieved improvement in resolving time complexity as compared to existing techiques.
Vimercati, S. de Capitani di, Foresti, S., Paraboschi, S., Samarati, P..  2020.  Enforcing Corporate Governance's Internal Controls and Audit in the Cloud. 2020 IEEE 13th International Conference on Cloud Computing (CLOUD). :453–461.
More and more organizations are today using the cloud for their business as a quite convenient alternative to in-house solutions for storing, processing, and managing data. Cloud-based solutions are then permeating almost all aspects of business organizations, resulting appealing also for functions that, already in-house, may result sensitive or security critical, and whose enforcement in the cloud requires then particular care. In this paper, we provide an approach for securely relying on cloud-based services for the enforcement of Internal Controls and Audit (ICA) functions for corporate governance. Our approach is based on the use of selective encryption and of tags to provide a level of self-protection to data and for enabling only authorized parties to access data and perform operations on them, providing privacy and integrity guarantees, as well as accountability and non-repudiation.
2021-02-01
Nakadai, N., Iseki, T., Hayashi, M..  2020.  Improving the Security Strength of Iseki’s Fully Homomorphic Encryption. 2020 35th International Technical Conference on Circuits/Systems, Computers and Communications (ITC-CSCC). :299–304.
This paper proposes a method that offers much higher security for Iseki's fully homomorphic encryption (FHE), a recently proposed secure computation scheme. The key idea is re-encrypting already encrypted data. This second encryption is executed using new common keys, whereby two or more encryptions offer much stronger security.
Mahmood, Z. H., Ibrahem, M. K..  2020.  A Noise-Free Homomorphic Encryption based on Chaotic System. 2020 1st. Information Technology To Enhance e-learning and Other Application (IT-ELA. :132–137.
Fully homomorphic encryption (FHE) was one of the most prominent research topics of the last ten years. And it is considered as a major cryptographic tool in a secure and reliable cloud computing environment. The reason behind that because it allows computations over encrypted data, without decrypting the original message. This paper developed a new symmetric (FHE) algorithm based on Enhanced Matrix Operation for Randomization and Encryption (EMORE) algorithm using a chaotic system. The proposed algorithm was considered a noise-free algorithm. It generates the ciphertext in a floating-point number's format, overcomes the problem of plaintext ring and modular arithmetic operation in EMORE by the hardness of a chaotic system, and provides another level of security in terms of randomness properties, sensitivity to the initial condition, and large key size (\textbackslashtextgreater2100) of a chaotic system. Besides that, the proposed algorithm provides the confidentiality and privacy of outsourced data computing through homomorphism property of it. By using both numerical and statistical tests, these tests proved that the proposed algorithm has positive randomness properties and provide secure and reliable encryption (through encryption-decryption time, key sensitivity, keyspace, and correlation). Finally, the simulation results show that the execution time of the proposed algorithm is faster about 7.85 times than the EMORE algorithm.
2020-11-20
Wang, X., Herwono, I., Cerbo, F. D., Kearney, P., Shackleton, M..  2018.  Enabling Cyber Security Data Sharing for Large-scale Enterprises Using Managed Security Services. 2018 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). :1—7.
Large enterprises and organizations from both private and public sectors typically outsource a platform solution, as part of the Managed Security Services (MSSs), from 3rd party providers (MSSPs) to monitor and analyze their data containing cyber security information. Sharing such data among these large entities is believed to improve their effectiveness and efficiency at tackling cybercrimes, via improved analytics and insights. However, MSS platform customers currently are not able or not willing to share data among themselves because of multiple reasons, including privacy and confidentiality concerns, even when they are using the same MSS platform. Therefore any proposed mechanism or technique to address such a challenge need to ensure that sharing is achieved in a secure and controlled way. In this paper, we propose a new architecture and use case driven designs to enable confidential, flexible and collaborative data sharing among such organizations using the same MSS platform. MSS platform is a complex environment where different stakeholders, including authorized MSSP personnel and customers' own users, have access to the same platform but with different types of rights and tasks. Hence we make every effort to improve the usability of the platform supporting sharing while keeping the existing rights and tasks intact. As an innovative and pioneering attempt to address the challenge of data sharing in the MSS platform, we hope to encourage further work to follow so that confidential and collaborative sharing eventually happens among MSS platform customers.
2020-11-16
Choudhury, O., Sylla, I., Fairoza, N., Das, A..  2019.  A Blockchain Framework for Ensuring Data Quality in Multi-Organizational Clinical Trials. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Healthcare Informatics (ICHI). :1–9.
The cost and complexity of conducting multi-site clinical trials have significantly increased over time, with site monitoring, data management, and Institutional Review Board (IRB) amendments being key drivers. Trial sponsors, such as pharmaceutical companies, are also increasingly outsourcing trial management to multiple organizations. Enforcing compliance with standard operating procedures, such as preserving data privacy for human subject protection, is crucial for upholding the integrity of a study and its findings. Current efforts to ensure quality of data collected at multiple sites and by multiple organizations lack a secure, trusted, and efficient framework for fragmented data capture. To address this challenge, we propose a novel data management infrastructure based on a permissioned blockchain with private channels, smart contracts, and distributed ledgers. We use an example multi-organizational clinical trial to design and implement a blockchain network: generate activity-specific private channels to segregate data flow for confidentiality, write channel-specific smart contracts to enforce regulatory guidelines, monitor the immutable transaction log to detect protocol breach, and auto-generate audit trail. Through comprehensive experimental study, we demonstrate that our system handles high-throughput transactions, exhibits low-latency, and constitutes a trusted, scalable solution.
Zhang, C., Xu, C., Xu, J., Tang, Y., Choi, B..  2019.  GEMˆ2-Tree: A Gas-Efficient Structure for Authenticated Range Queries in Blockchain. 2019 IEEE 35th International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE). :842–853.
Blockchain technology has attracted much attention due to the great success of the cryptocurrencies. Owing to its immutability property and consensus protocol, blockchain offers a new solution for trusted storage and computation services. To scale up the services, prior research has suggested a hybrid storage architecture, where only small meta-data are stored onchain and the raw data are outsourced to off-chain storage. To protect data integrity, a cryptographic proof can be constructed online for queries over the data stored in the system. However, the previous schemes only support simple key-value queries. In this paper, we take the first step toward studying authenticated range queries in the hybrid-storage blockchain. The key challenge lies in how to design an authenticated data structure (ADS) that can be efficiently maintained by the blockchain, in which a unique gas cost model is employed. By analyzing the performance of the existing techniques, we propose a novel ADS, called GEM2-tree, which is not only gas-efficient but also effective in supporting authenticated queries. To further reduce the ADS maintenance cost without sacrificing much the query performance, we also propose an optimized structure, GEM2*-tree, by designing a two-level index structure. Theoretical analysis and empirical evaluation validate the performance of the proposed ADSs.
Geeta, C. M., Rashmi, B. N., Raju, R. G. Shreyas, Raghavendra, S., Buyya, R., Venugopal, K. R., Iyengar, S. S., Patnaik, L. M..  2019.  EAODBT: Efficient Auditing for Outsourced Database with Token Enforced Cloud Storage. 2019 IEEE International WIE Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (WIECON-ECE). :1–4.
Database outsourcing is one of the important utilities in cloud computing in which the Information Proprietor (IP) transfers the database administration to the Cloud Service Provider (CSP) in order to minimize the administration cost and preservation expenses of the database. Inspite of its immense profit, it undergoes few security issues such as privacy of deployed database and provability of search results. In the recent past, few of the studies have been carried out on provability of search results of Outsourced Database (ODB) that affords correctness and completeness of search results. But in the existing schemes, since there is flow of data between the Information Proprietor and the clients frequently, huge communication cost prevails at the Information Proprietor side. To address this challenge, in this paper we propose Efficient Auditing for Outsourced Database with Token Enforced Cloud Storage (EAODBT). The proposed scheme reduces the large communication cost prevailing at the Information Proprietor side and achieves correctness and completeness of search results even if the mischievous CSP knowingly sends a null set. Experimental analysis show that the proposed scheme has totally reduced the huge communication cost prevailing between Information Proprietor and clients, and simultaneously achieves the correctness and completeness of search results.
Shen, N., Yeh, J., Chen, C., Chen, Y., Zhang, Y..  2019.  Ensuring Query Completeness in Outsourced Database Using Order-Preserving Encryption. 2019 IEEE Intl Conf on Parallel Distributed Processing with Applications, Big Data Cloud Computing, Sustainable Computing Communications, Social Computing Networking (ISPA/BDCloud/SocialCom/SustainCom). :776–783.
Nowadays database outsourcing has become business owners' preferred option and they are benefiting from its flexibility, reliability, and low cost. However, because database service providers cannot always be fully trusted and data owners will no longer have a direct control over their own data, how to make the outsourced data secure becomes a hot research topic. From the data integrity protection aspect, the client wants to make sure the data returned is correct, complete, and up-to-date. Previous research work in literature put more efforts on data correctness, while data completeness is still a challenging problem to solve. There are some existing works that tried to protect the completeness of data. Unfortunately, these solutions were considered not fully solving the problem because of their high communication or computation overhead. The implementations and limitations of existing works will be further discussed in this paper. From the data confidentiality protection aspect, order-preserving encryption (OPE) is a widely used encryption scheme in protecting data confidentiality. It allows the client to perform range queries and some other operations such as GROUP BY and ORDER BY over the OPE encrypted data. Therefore, it is worthy to develop a solution that allows user to verify the query completeness for an OPE encrypted database so that both data confidentiality and completeness are both protected. Inspired by this motivation, we propose a new data completeness protecting scheme by inserting fake tuples into databases. Both the real and fake tuples are OPE encrypted and thus the cloud server cannot distinguish among them. While our new scheme is much more efficient than all existing approaches, the level of security protection remains the same.
Roisum, H., Urizar, L., Yeh, J., Salisbury, K., Magette, M..  2019.  Completeness Integrity Protection for Outsourced Databases Using Semantic Fake Data. 2019 4th International Conference on Communication and Information Systems (ICCIS). :222–228.
As cloud storage and computing gains popularity, data entrusted to the cloud has the potential to be exposed to more people and thus more vulnerable to attacks. It is important to develop mechanisms to protect data privacy and integrity so that clients can safely outsource their data to the cloud. We present a method for ensuring data completeness which is one facet of the data integrity problem. Our approach converts a standard database to a Completeness Protected Database (CPDB) by inserting some semantic fake data before outsourcing it to the cloud. These fake data are initially produced using our generating function which uses Order Preserving Encryption, which allows the user to be able to regenerate these fake data and match them to fake data returned from a range query to check for completeness. The CPDB is innovative in the following ways: (1) fake data is deterministically generated but is semantically indistinguishable from other existing data; (2) since fake data is generated by deterministic functions, data owners do not need to locally store the fake data that have been inserted, instead they can re-generate fake data using the functions; (3) no costly data encryption/signature is used in our scheme compared to previous work which encrypt/sign the entire database.
2020-10-19
Xia, Qi, Sifah, Emmanuel Boateng, Obour Agyekum, Kwame Opuni-Boachie, Xia, Hu, Acheampong, Kingsley Nketia, Smahi, Abla, Gao, Jianbin, Du, Xiaojiang, Guizani, Mohsen.  2019.  Secured Fine-Grained Selective Access to Outsourced Cloud Data in IoT Environments. IEEE Internet of Things Journal. 6:10749–10762.
With the vast increase in data transmission due to a large number of information collected by devices, data management, and security has been a challenge for organizations. Many data owners (DOs) outsource their data to cloud repositories due to several economic advantages cloud service providers present. However, DOs, after their data are outsourced, do not have complete control of the data, and therefore, external systems are incorporated to manage the data. Several kinds of research refer to the use of encryption techniques to prevent unauthorized access to data but prove to be deficient in providing suitable solutions to the problem. In this article, we propose a secure fine-grain access control system for outsourced data, which supports read and write operations to the data. We make use of an attribute-based encryption (ABE) scheme, which is regarded as a suitable scheme to achieve access control for security and privacy (confidentiality) of outsourced data. This article considers different categories of data users, and make provisions for distinct access roles and permissible actions on the outsourced data with dynamic and efficient policy updates to the corresponding ciphertext in cloud repositories. We adopt blockchain technologies to enhance traceability and visibility to enable control over outsourced data by a DO. The security analysis presented demonstrates that the security properties of the system are not compromised. Results based on extensive experiments illustrate the efficiency and scalability of our system.
2020-09-04
Qin, Baodong, Zheng, Dong.  2019.  Generic Approach to Outsource the Decryption of Attribute-Based Encryption in Cloud Computing. IEEE Access. 7:42331—42342.

The notion of attribute-based encryption with outsourced decryption (OD-ABE) was proposed by Green, Hohenberger, and Waters. In OD-ABE, the ABE ciphertext is converted to a partially-decrypted ciphertext that has a shorter bit length and a faster decryption time than that of the ABE ciphertext. In particular, the transformation can be performed by a powerful third party with a public transformation key. In this paper, we propose a generic approach for constructing ABE with outsourced decryption from standard ABE, as long as the later satisfies some additional properties. Its security can be reduced to the underlying standard ABE in the selective security model by a black-box way. To avoid the drawback of selective security in practice, we further propose a modified decryption outsourcing mode so that our generic construction can be adapted to satisfying adaptive security. This partially solves the open problem of constructing an OD-ABE scheme, and its adaptive security can be reduced to the underlying ABE scheme in a black-box way. Then, we present some concrete constructions that not only encompass existing ABE outsourcing schemes of Green et al., but also result in new selectively/adaptively-secure OD-ABE schemes with more efficient transformation key generation algorithm. Finally, we use the PBC library to test the efficiency of our schemes and compare the results with some previous ones, which shows that our schemes are more efficient in terms of decryption outsourcing and transformation key generation.

2020-07-24
Chennam, KrishnaKeerthi, Muddana, Lakshmi.  2018.  Improving Privacy and Security with Fine Grained Access Control Policy using Two Stage Encryption with Partial Shuffling in Cloud. 2018 3rd IEEE International Conference on Recent Trends in Electronics, Information Communication Technology (RTEICT). :686—690.

In a computer world, to identify anyone by doing a job or to authenticate by checking their identification and give access to computer. Access Control model comes in to picture when require to grant the permissions to individual and complete the duties. The access control models cannot give complete security when dealing with cloud computing area, where access control model failed to handle the attributes which are requisite to inhibit access based on time and location. When the data outsourced in the cloud, the information holders expect the security and confidentiality for their outsourced data. The data will be encrypted before outsourcing on cloud, still they want control on data in cloud server, where simple encryption is not a complete solution. To irradiate these issues, unlike access control models proposed Attribute Based Encryption standards (ABE). In ABE schemes there are different types like Key Policy-ABE (KP-ABE), Cipher Text-ABE (CP-ABE) and so on. The proposed method applied the access control policy of CP-ABE with Advanced Encryption Standard and used elliptic curve for key generation by using multi stage encryption which divides the users into two domains, public and private domains and shuffling the data base records to protect from inference attacks.

Fugkeaw, Somchart, Sato, Hiroyuki.  2018.  Enabling Dynamic and Efficient Data Access Control in Cloud Computing Based on Attribute Certificate Management and CP-ABE. 2018 26th Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed and Network-based Processing (PDP). :454—461.
In this paper, we propose an access control model featured with the efficient key update function in data outsourcing environment. Our access control is based on the combination of Ciphertext Policy - Attribute-based Encryption (CP-ABE) and Role-based Access Control (RBAC). The proposed scheme aims to improve the attribute and key update management of the original CP-ABE. In our scheme, a user's key is incorporated into the attribute certificate (AC) which will be used to decrypt the ciphertext encrypted with CP-ABE policy. If there is any change (update or revoke) of the attributes appearing in the key, the key in the AC will be updated upon the access request. This significantly reduces the overheads in updating and distributing keys of all users simultaneously compared to the existing CP-ABE based schemes. Finally, we conduct the experiment to evaluate the performance of our proposed scheme to show the efficiency of our proposed scheme.
Wang, Wei, Zhang, Guidong, Shen, Yongjun.  2018.  A CP-ABE Scheme Supporting Attribute Revocation and Policy Hiding in Outsourced Environment. 2018 IEEE 9th International Conference on Software Engineering and Service Science (ICSESS). :96—99.
Aiming at the increasing popularity of mobile terminals, a CP-ABE scheme adapted to lightweight decryption at the mobile end is proposed. The scheme has the function of supporting timely attributes revocation and policy hiding. Firstly, we will introduce the related knowledge of attribute base encryption. After that, we will give a specific CP-ABE solution. Finally, in the part of the algorithm analysis, we will give analysis performance and related security, and compare this algorithm with other algorithms.
2020-07-20
Ning, Jianting, Cao, Zhenfu, Dong, Xiaolei, Wei, Lifei.  2018.  White-Box Traceable CP-ABE for Cloud Storage Service: How to Catch People Leaking Their Access Credentials Effectively. IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing. 15:883–897.
Ciphertext-policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) has been proposed to enable fine-grained access control on encrypted data for cloud storage service. In the context of CP-ABE, since the decryption privilege is shared by multiple users who have the same attributes, it is difficult to identify the original key owner when given an exposed key. This leaves the malicious cloud users a chance to leak their access credentials to outsourced data in clouds for profits without the risk of being caught, which severely damages data security. To address this problem, we add the property of traceability to the conventional CP-ABE. To catch people leaking their access credentials to outsourced data in clouds for profits effectively, in this paper, we first propose two kinds of non-interactive commitments for traitor tracing. Then we present a fully secure traceable CP-ABE system for cloud storage service from the proposed commitment. Our proposed commitments for traitor tracing may be of independent interest, as they are both pairing-friendly and homomorphic. We also provide extensive experimental results to confirm the feasibility and efficiency of the proposed solution.
2020-07-06
Chegenizadeh, Mostafa, Ali, Mohammad, Mohajeri, Javad, Aref, Mohammad Reza.  2019.  An Anonymous Attribute-based Access Control System Supporting Access Structure Update. 2019 16th International ISC (Iranian Society of Cryptology) Conference on Information Security and Cryptology (ISCISC). :85–91.
It is quite common nowadays for clients to outsource their personal data to a cloud service provider. However, it causes some new challenges in the area of data confidentiality and access control. Attribute-based encryption is a promising solution for providing confidentiality and fine-grained access control in a cloud-based cryptographic system. Moreover, in some cases, to preserve the privacy of clients and data, applying hidden access structures is required. Also, a data owner should be able to update his defined access structure at any time when he is online or not. As in several real-world application scenarios like e-health systems, the anonymity of recipients, and the possibility of updating access structures are two necessary requirements. In this paper, for the first time, we propose an attribute-based access control scheme with hidden access structures enabling the cloud to update access structures on expiry dates defined by a data owner.
2020-06-26
Bouchaala, Mariem, Ghazel, Cherif, Saidane, Leila Azouz.  2019.  Revocable Sliced CipherText Policy Attribute Based Encryption Scheme in Cloud Computing. 2019 15th International Wireless Communications Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC). :1860—1865.

Cloud Computing is the most promising paradigm in recent times. It offers a cost-efficient service to individual and industries. However, outsourcing sensitive data to entrusted Cloud servers presents a brake to Cloud migration. Consequently, improving the security of data access is the most critical task. As an efficient cryptographic technique, Ciphertext Policy Attribute Based Encryption(CP-ABE) develops and implements fine-grained, flexible and scalable access control model. However, existing CP-ABE based approaches suffer from some limitations namely revocation, data owner overhead and computational cost. In this paper, we propose a sliced revocable solution resolving the aforementioned issues abbreviated RS-CPABE. We applied splitting algorithm. We execute symmetric encryption with Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)in large data size and asymmetric encryption with CP-ABE in constant key length. We re-encrypt in case of revocation one single slice. To prove the proposed model, we expose security and performance evaluation.

2020-03-23
Daoud, Luka, Rafla, Nader.  2019.  Analysis of Black Hole Router Attack in Network-on-Chip. 2019 IEEE 62nd International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS). :69–72.

Network-on-Chip (NoC) is the communication platform of the data among the processing cores in Multiprocessors System-on-Chip (MPSoC). NoC has become a target to security attacks and by outsourcing design, it can be infected with a malicious Hardware Trojan (HT) to degrades the system performance or leaves a back door for sensitive information leaking. In this paper, we proposed a HT model that applies a denial of service attack by deliberately discarding the data packets that are passing through the infected node creating a black hole in the NoC. It is known as Black Hole Router (BHR) attack. We studied the effect of the BHR attack on the NoC. The power and area overhead of the BHR are analyzed. We studied the effect of the locations of BHRs and their distribution in the network as well. The malicious nodes has very small area and power overhead, 1.98% and 0.74% respectively, with a very strong violent attack.

2020-03-18
Djoko, Judicael B., Lange, Jack, Lee, Adam J..  2019.  NeXUS: Practical and Secure Access Control on Untrusted Storage Platforms using Client-Side SGX. 2019 49th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN). :401–413.

With the rising popularity of file-sharing services such as Google Drive and Dropbox in the workflows of individuals and corporations alike, the protection of client-outsourced data from unauthorized access or tampering remains a major security concern. Existing cryptographic solutions to this problem typically require server-side support, involve non-trivial key management on the part of users, and suffer from severe re-encryption penalties upon access revocations. This combination of performance overheads and management burdens makes this class of solutions undesirable in situations where performant, platform-agnostic, dynamic sharing of user content is required. We present NEXUS, a stackable filesystem that leverages trusted hardware to provide confidentiality and integrity for user files stored on untrusted platforms. NEXUS is explicitly designed to balance security, portability, and performance: it supports dynamic sharing of protected volumes on any platform exposing a file access API without requiring server-side support, enables the use of fine-grained access control policies to allow for selective sharing, and avoids the key revocation and file re-encryption overheads associated with other cryptographic approaches to access control. This combination of features is made possible by the use of a client-side Intel SGX enclave that is used to protect and share NEXUS volumes, ensuring that cryptographic keys never leave enclave memory and obviating the need to reencrypt files upon revocation of access rights. We implemented a NEXUS prototype that runs on top of the AFS filesystem and show that it incurs ×2 overhead for a variety of common file and database operations.