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2017
Keeler, G. A., Campione, S., Wood, M. G., Serkland, D. K., Parameswaran, S., Ihlefeld, J., Luk, T. S., Wendt, J. R., Geib, K. M..  2017.  Reducing optical confinement losses for fast, efficient nanophotonic modulators. 2017 IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (SUM). :201–202.

We demonstrate high-speed operation of ultracompact electroabsorption modulators based on epsilon-near-zero confinement in indium oxide (In$_\textrm2$$_\textrm3$\$) on silicon using field-effect carrier density tuning. Additionally, we discuss strategies to enhance modulator performance and reduce confinement-related losses by introducing high-mobility conducting oxides such as cadmium oxide (CdO).