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2020-08-07
Nawaz, A., Gia, T. N., Queralta, J. Peña, Westerlund, T..  2019.  Edge AI and Blockchain for Privacy-Critical and Data-Sensitive Applications. 2019 Twelfth International Conference on Mobile Computing and Ubiquitous Network (ICMU). :1—2.
The edge and fog computing paradigms enable more responsive and smarter systems without relying on cloud servers for data processing and storage. This reduces network load as well as latency. Nonetheless, the addition of new layers in the network architecture increases the number of security vulnerabilities. In privacy-critical systems, the appearance of new vulnerabilities is more significant. To cope with this issue, we propose and implement an Ethereum Blockchain based architecture with edge artificial intelligence to analyze data at the edge of the network and keep track of the parties that access the results of the analysis, which are stored in distributed databases.
2020-08-03
Qin, Xinghong, Li, Bin, Huang, Jiwu.  2019.  A New Spatial Steganographic Scheme by Modeling Image Residuals with Multivariate Gaussian Model. ICASSP 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP). :2617–2621.
Embedding costs used in content-adaptive image steganographic schemes can be defined in a heuristic way or with a statistical model. Inspired by previous steganographic methods, i.e., MG (multivariate Gaussian model) and MiPOD (minimizing the power of optimal detector), we propose a model-driven scheme in this paper. Firstly, we model image residuals obtained by high-pass filtering with quantized multivariate Gaussian distribution. Then, we derive the approximated Fisher Information (FI). We show that FI is related to both Gaussian variance and filter coefficients. Lastly, by selecting the maximum FI value derived with various filters as the final FI, we obtain embedding costs. Experimental results show that the proposed scheme is comparable to existing steganographic methods in resisting steganalysis equipped with rich models and selection-channel-aware rich models. It is also computational efficient when compared to MiPOD, which is the state-of-the-art model-driven method.
Liu, Meng, Wang, Longbiao, Dang, Jianwu, Nakagawa, Seiichi, Guan, Haotian, Li, Xiangang.  2019.  Replay Attack Detection Using Magnitude and Phase Information with Attention-based Adaptive Filters. ICASSP 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP). :6201–6205.
Automatic Speech Verification (ASV) systems are highly vulnerable to spoofing attacks, and replay attack poses the greatest threat among various spoofing attacks. In this paper, we propose a novel multi-channel feature extraction method with attention-based adaptive filters (AAF). Original phase information, discarded by conventional feature extraction techniques after Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), is promising in distinguishing genuine from replay spoofed speech. Accordingly, phase and magnitude information are respectively extracted as phase channel and magnitude channel complementary features in our system. First, we make discriminative ability analysis on full frequency bands with F-ratio methods. Then attention-based adaptive filters are implemented to maximize capturing of high discriminative information on frequency bands, and the results on ASVspoof 2017 challenge indicate that our proposed approach achieved relative error reduction rates of 78.7% and 59.8% on development and evaluation dataset than the baseline method.
Liu, Fuxiang, Jiang, Qi.  2019.  Research on Recognition of Criminal Suspects Based on Foot Sounds. 2019 IEEE 3rd Information Technology, Networking, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (ITNEC). :1347–1351.
There are two main contributions in this paper: Firstly, by analyzing the frequency domain features and Mel domain features, we can identify footstep events and non-footstep events. Secondly, we compared the two footstep sound signals of the same person in frequency domain under different experimental conditions, finding that almost all of their peak frequencies and trough frequencies in the main frequency band are respectively corresponding one-to-one. However for the two different people, even under the same experimental conditions, it is difficult to have the same peak frequencies and trough frequencies in the main frequency band of their footstep sound signals. Therefore, this feature of footstep sound signals can be used to identify different people.
Iula, Antonio, Micucci, Monica.  2019.  Palmprint recognition based on ultrasound imaging. 2019 42nd International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP). :621–624.
Biometric recognition systems based on ultrasound images have been investigated for several decades, and nowadays ultrasonic fingerprint sensors are fully integrated in portable devices. Main advantage of the Ultrasound over other technologies are the possibility to collect 3D images, allowing to gain information on under-skin features, which improve recognition accuracy and resistance to spoofing. Also, ultrasound images are not sensible to several skin contaminations, humidity and not uniform ambient illumination. An ultrasound system, able to acquire 3D images of the human palm has been recently proposed. In this work, a recognition procedure based on 2D palmprint images collected with this system is proposed and evaluated through verification experiments carried out on a home made database composed of 141 samples collected from 24 users. Perspective of the proposed method by upgrading the recognition procedure to provide a 3D template able to accounts for palm lines' depth are finally highlighted and discussed.
2020-07-30
Kellner, Ansgar, Horlboge, Micha, Rieck, Konrad, Wressnegger, Christian.  2019.  False Sense of Security: A Study on the Effectivity of Jailbreak Detection in Banking Apps. 2019 IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy (EuroS P). :1—14.
People increasingly rely on mobile devices for banking transactions or two-factor authentication (2FA) and thus trust in the security provided by the underlying operating system. Simultaneously, jailbreaks gain tremendous popularity among regular users for customizing their devices. In this paper, we show that both do not go well together: Jailbreaks remove vital security mechanisms, which are necessary to ensure a trusted environment that allows to protect sensitive data, such as login credentials and transaction numbers (TANs). We find that all but one banking app, available in the iOS App Store, can be fully compromised by trivial means without reverse-engineering, manipulating the app, or other sophisticated attacks. Even worse, 44% of the banking apps do not even try to detect jailbreaks, revealing the prevalent, errant trust in the operating system's security. This study assesses the current state of security of banking apps and pleads for more advanced defensive measures for protecting user data.
Zhang, Jin, Jin, Dahai, Gong, Yunzhan.  2018.  File Similarity Determination Based on Function Call Graph. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Electronics and Communication Engineering (ICECE). :55—59.
The similarity detection of the program has important significance in code reuse, plagiarism detection, intellectual property protection and information retrieval methods. Attribute counting methods cannot take into account program semantics. The method based on syntax tree or graph structure has a very high construction cost and low space efficiency. So it is difficult to solve problems in large-scale software systems. This paper uses different decision strategies for different levels, then puts forward a similarity detection method at the file level. This method can make full use of the features of the program and take into account the space-time efficiency. By using static analysis methods, we get function features and control flow features of files. And based on this, we establish the function call graph. The similar degree between two files can be measured with the two graphs. Experimental results show the method can effectively detect similar files. Finally, this paper discusses the direction of development of this method.
Perez, Claudio A., Estévez, Pablo A, Galdames, Francisco J., Schulz, Daniel A., Perez, Juan P., Bastías, Diego, Vilar, Daniel R..  2018.  Trademark Image Retrieval Using a Combination of Deep Convolutional Neural Networks. 2018 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN). :1—7.
Trademarks are recognizable images and/or words used to distinguish various products or services. They become associated with the reputation, innovation, quality, and warranty of the products. Countries around the world have offices for industrial/intellectual property (IP) registration. A new trademark image in application for registration should be distinct from all the registered trademarks. Due to the volume of trademark registration applications and the size of the databases containing existing trademarks, it is impossible for humans to make all the comparisons visually. Therefore, technological tools are essential for this task. In this work we use a pre-trained, publicly available Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) VGG19 that was trained on the ImageNet database. We adapted the VGG19 for the trademark image retrieval (TIR) task by fine tuning the network using two different databases. The VGG19v was trained with a database organized with trademark images using visual similarities, and the VGG19c was trained using trademarks organized by using conceptual similarities. The database for the VGG19v was built using trademarks downloaded from the WEB, and organized by visual similarity according to experts from the IP office. The database for the VGG19c was built using trademark images from the United States Patent and Trademarks Office and organized according to the Vienna conceptual protocol. The TIR was assessed using the normalized average rank for a test set from the METU database that has 922,926 trademark images. We computed the normalized average ranks for VGG19v, VGG19c, and for a combination of both networks. Our method achieved significantly better results on the METU database than those published previously.
2020-07-27
Dangiwa, Bello Ahmed, Kumar, Smitha S.  2018.  A Business Card Reader Application for iOS devices based on Tesseract. 2018 International Conference on Signal Processing and Information Security (ICSPIS). :1–4.
As the accessibility of high-resolution smartphone camera has increased and an improved computational speed, it is now convenient to build Business Card Readers on mobile phones. The project aims to design and develop a Business Card Reader (BCR) Application for iOS devices, using an open-source OCR Engine - Tesseract. The system accuracy was tested and evaluated using a dataset of 55 digital business cards obtained from an online repository. The accuracy result of the system was up to 74% in terms of both text recognition and data detection. A comparative analysis was carried out against a commercial business card reader application and our application performed vastly reasonable.
Rani, Sonam, Jain, Sushma.  2018.  Hybrid Approach to Detect Network Based Intrusion. 2018 Fourth International Conference on Computing Communication Control and Automation (ICCUBEA). :1–5.
In internet based communication, various types of attacks have been evolved. Hence, attacker easily breaches the securities. Traditional intrusion detection techniques to observe these attacks have failed and thus hefty systems are required to remove these attacks before they expose entire network. With the ability of artificial intelligence systems to adapt high computational speed, boost fault tolerance, and error resilience against noisy information, a hybrid particle swarm optimization(PSO) fuzzy rule based inference engine has been designed in this paper. The fuzzy logic based on degree of truth while the PSO algorithm based on population stochastic technique helps in learning from the scenario, thus their combination will increase the toughness of intrusion detection system. The proposed network intrusion detection system will be able to classify normal as well as anomalism behaviour in the network. DARPA-KDD99 dataset examined on this system to address the behaviour of each connection on network and compared with existing system. This approach improves the result on the basis of precision, recall and F1-score.
2020-07-20
Boumiza, Safa, Braham, Rafik.  2019.  An Anomaly Detector for CAN Bus Networks in Autonomous Cars based on Neural Networks. 2019 International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob). :1–6.
The domain of securing in-vehicle networks has attracted both academic and industrial researchers due to high danger of attacks on drivers and passengers. While securing wired and wireless interfaces is important to defend against these threats, detecting attacks is still the critical phase to construct a robust secure system. There are only a few results on securing communication inside vehicles using anomaly-detection techniques despite their efficiencies in systems that need real-time detection. Therefore, we propose an intrusion detection system (IDS) based on Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) neural network for Controller Area Networks (CAN) bus. This IDS divides data according to the ID field of CAN packets using K-means clustering algorithm, then it extracts suitable features and uses them to train and construct the neural network. The proposed IDS works for each ID separately and finally it combines their individual decisions to construct the final score and generates alert in the presence of attack. The strength of our intrusion detection method is that it works simultaneously for two types of attacks which will eliminate the use of several separate IDS and thus reduce the complexity and cost of implementation.
Tanksale, Vinayak.  2019.  Intrusion Detection For Controller Area Network Using Support Vector Machines. 2019 IEEE 16th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems Workshops (MASSW). :121–126.
Controller Area Network is the most widely adopted communication standard in automobiles. The CAN protocol is robust and is designed to minimize overhead. The light-weight nature of this protocol implies that it can't efficiently process secure communication. With the exponential increase in automobile communications, there is an urgent need for efficient and effective security countermeasures. We propose a support vector machine based intrusion detection system that is able to detect anomalous behavior with high accuracy. We outline a process for parameter selection and feature vector selection. We identify strengths and weaknesses of our system and propose to extend our work for time-series based data.
2020-07-16
Ayub, Md. Ahsan, Smith, Steven, Siraj, Ambareen.  2019.  A Protocol Independent Approach in Network Covert Channel Detection. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering (CSE) and IEEE International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing (EUC). :165—170.

Network covert channels are used in various cyberattacks, including disclosure of sensitive information and enabling stealth tunnels for botnet commands. With time and technology, covert channels are becoming more prevalent, complex, and difficult to detect. The current methods for detection are protocol and pattern specific. This requires the investment of significant time and resources into application of various techniques to catch the different types of covert channels. This paper reviews several patterns of network storage covert channels, describes generation of network traffic dataset with covert channels, and proposes a generic, protocol-independent approach for the detection of network storage covert channels using a supervised machine learning technique. The implementation of the proposed generic detection model can lead to a reduction of necessary techniques to prevent covert channel communication in network traffic. The datasets we have generated for experimentation represent storage covert channels in the IP, TCP, and DNS protocols and are available upon request for future research in this area.

Karadoğan, İsmail, Karci, Ali.  2019.  Detection of Covert Timing Channels with Machine Learning Methods Using Different Window Sizes. 2019 International Artificial Intelligence and Data Processing Symposium (IDAP). :1—5.

In this study, delays between data packets were read by using different window sizes to detect data transmitted from covert timing channel in computer networks, and feature vectors were extracted from them and detection of hidden data by some classification algorithms was achieved with high performance rate.

2020-07-13
Agrawal, Shriyansh, Sanagavarapu, Lalit Mohan, Reddy, YR.  2019.  FACT - Fine grained Assessment of web page CredibiliTy. TENCON 2019 - 2019 IEEE Region 10 Conference (TENCON). :1088–1097.
With more than a trillion web pages, there is a plethora of content available for consumption. Search Engine queries invariably lead to overwhelming information, parts of it relevant and some others irrelevant. Often the information provided can be conflicting, ambiguous, and inconsistent contributing to the loss of credibility of the content. In the past, researchers have proposed approaches for credibility assessment and enumerated factors influencing the credibility of web pages. In this work, we detailed a WEBCred framework for automated genre-aware credibility assessment of web pages. We developed a tool based on the proposed framework to extract web page features instances and identify genre a web page belongs to while assessing it's Genre Credibility Score ( GCS). We validated our approach on `Information Security' dataset of 8,550 URLs with 171 features across 7 genres. The supervised learning algorithm, Gradient Boosted Decision Tree classified genres with 88.75% testing accuracy over 10 fold cross-validation, an improvement over the current benchmark. We also examined our approach on `Health' domain web pages and had comparable results. The calculated GCS correlated 69% with crowdsourced Web Of Trust ( WOT) score and 13% with algorithm based Alexa ranking across 5 Information security groups. This variance in correlation states that our GCS approach aligns with human way ( WOT) as compared to algorithmic way (Alexa) of web assessment in both the experiments.
Paschalides, Demetris, Christodoulou, Chrysovalantis, Andreou, Rafael, Pallis, George, Dikaiakos, Marios D., Kornilakis, Alexandros, Markatos, Evangelos.  2019.  Check-It: A plugin for Detecting and Reducing the Spread of Fake News and Misinformation on the Web. 2019 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence (WI). :298–302.
Over the past few years, we have been witnessing the rise of misinformation on the Internet. People fall victims of fake news continuously, and contribute to their propagation knowingly or inadvertently. Many recent efforts seek to reduce the damage caused by fake news by identifying them automatically with artificial intelligence techniques, using signals from domain flag-lists, online social networks, etc. In this work, we present Check-It, a system that combines a variety of signals into a pipeline for fake news identification. Check-It is developed as a web browser plugin with the objective of efficient and timely fake news detection, while respecting user privacy. In this paper, we present the design, implementation and performance evaluation of Check-It. Experimental results show that it outperforms state-of-the-art methods on commonly-used datasets.
2020-07-03
Li, Feiyan, Li, Wei, Huo, Hongtao, Ran, Qiong.  2019.  Decision Fusion Based on Joint Low Rank and Sparse Component for Hyperspectral Image Classification. IGARSS 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. :401—404.

Sparse and low rank matrix decomposition is a method that has recently been developed for estimating different components of hyperspectral data. The rank component is capable of preserving global data structures of data, while a sparse component can select the discriminative information by preserving details. In order to take advantage of both, we present a novel decision fusion based on joint low rank and sparse component (DFJLRS) method for hyperspectral imagery in this paper. First, we analyzed the effects of different components on classification results. Then a novel method adopts a decision fusion strategy which combines a SVM classifier with the information provided by joint sparse and low rank components. With combination of the advantages, the proposed method is both representative and discriminative. The proposed algorithm is evaluated using several hyperspectral images when compared with traditional counterparts.

Yan, Haonan, Li, Hui, Xiao, Mingchi, Dai, Rui, Zheng, Xianchun, Zhao, Xingwen, Li, Fenghua.  2019.  PGSM-DPI: Precisely Guided Signature Matching of Deep Packet Inspection for Traffic Analysis. 2019 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM). :1—6.

In the field of network traffic analysis, Deep Packet Inspection (DPI) technology is widely used at present. However, the increase in network traffic has brought tremendous processing pressure on the DPI. Consequently, detection speed has become the bottleneck of the entire application. In order to speed up the traffic detection of DPI, a lot of research works have been applied to improve signature matching algorithms, which is the most influential factor in DPI performance. In this paper, we present a novel method from a different angle called Precisely Guided Signature Matching (PGSM). Instead of matching packets with signature directly, we use supervised learning to automate the rules of specific protocol in PGSM. By testing the performance of a packet in the rules, the target packet could be decided when and which signatures should be matched with. Thus, the PGSM method reduces the number of aimless matches which are useless and numerous. After proposing PGSM, we build a framework called PGSM-DPI to verify the effectiveness of guidance rules. The PGSM-DPI framework consists of PGSM method and open source DPI library. The framework is running on a distributed platform with better throughput and computational performance. Finally, the experimental results demonstrate that our PGSM-DPI can reduce 59.23% original DPI time and increase 21.31% throughput. Besides, all source codes and experimental results can be accessed on our GitHub.

Feng, Ri-Chen, Lin, Daw-Tung, Chen, Ken-Min, Lin, Yi-Yao, Liu, Chin-De.  2019.  Improving Deep Learning by Incorporating Semi-automatic Moving Object Annotation and Filtering for Vision-based Vehicle Detection*. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (SMC). :2484—2489.

Deep learning has undergone tremendous advancements in computer vision studies. The training of deep learning neural networks depends on a considerable amount of ground truth datasets. However, labeling ground truth data is a labor-intensive task, particularly for large-volume video analytics applications such as video surveillance and vehicles detection for autonomous driving. This paper presents a rapid and accurate method for associative searching in big image data obtained from security monitoring systems. We developed a semi-automatic moving object annotation method for improving deep learning models. The proposed method comprises three stages, namely automatic foreground object extraction, object annotation in subsequent video frames, and dataset construction using human-in-the-loop quick selection. Furthermore, the proposed method expedites dataset collection and ground truth annotation processes. In contrast to data augmentation and data generative models, the proposed method produces a large amount of real data, which may facilitate training results and avoid adverse effects engendered by artifactual data. We applied the constructed annotation dataset to train a deep learning you-only-look-once (YOLO) model to perform vehicle detection on street intersection surveillance videos. Experimental results demonstrated that the accurate detection performance was improved from a mean average precision (mAP) of 83.99 to 88.03.

Suo, Yucong, Zhang, Chen, Xi, Xiaoyun, Wang, Xinyi, Zou, Zhiqiang.  2019.  Video Data Hierarchical Retrieval via Deep Hash Method. 2019 IEEE 11th International Conference on Communication Software and Networks (ICCSN). :709—714.

Video retrieval technology faces a series of challenges with the tremendous growth in the number of videos. In order to improve the retrieval performance in efficiency and accuracy, a novel deep hash method for video data hierarchical retrieval is proposed in this paper. The approach first uses cluster-based method to extract key frames, which reduces the workload of subsequent work. On the basis of this, high-level semantical features are extracted from VGG16, a widely used deep convolutional neural network (deep CNN) model. Then we utilize a hierarchical retrieval strategy to improve the retrieval performance, roughly can be categorized as coarse search and fine search. In coarse search, we modify simHash to learn hash codes for faster speed, and in fine search, we use the Euclidean distance to achieve higher accuracy. Finally, we compare our approach with other two methods through practical experiments on two videos, and the results demonstrate that our approach has better retrieval effect.

2020-06-29
Das, Saikat, Mahfouz, Ahmed M., Venugopal, Deepak, Shiva, Sajjan.  2019.  DDoS Intrusion Detection Through Machine Learning Ensemble. 2019 IEEE 19th International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security Companion (QRS-C). :471–477.
Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks have been the prominent attacks over the last decade. A Network Intrusion Detection System (NIDS) should seamlessly configure to fight against these attackers' new approaches and patterns of DDoS attack. In this paper, we propose a NIDS which can detect existing as well as new types of DDoS attacks. The key feature of our NIDS is that it combines different classifiers using ensemble models, with the idea that each classifier can target specific aspects/types of intrusions, and in doing so provides a more robust defense mechanism against new intrusions. Further, we perform a detailed analysis of DDoS attacks, and based on this domain-knowledge verify the reduced feature set [27, 28] to significantly improve accuracy. We experiment with and analyze NSL-KDD dataset with reduced feature set and our proposed NIDS can detect 99.1% of DDoS attacks successfully. We compare our results with other existing approaches. Our NIDS approach has the learning capability to keep up with new and emerging DDoS attack patterns.
Wehbi, Khadijeh, Hong, Liang, Al-salah, Tulha, Bhutta, Adeel A.  2019.  A Survey on Machine Learning Based Detection on DDoS Attacks for IoT Systems. 2019 SoutheastCon. :1–6.
Internet of Things (IoT) is transforming the way we live today, improving the quality of living standard and growing the world economy by having smart devices around us making decisions and performing our daily tasks and chores. However, securing the IoT system from malicious attacks is a very challenging task. Some of the most common malicious attacks are Denial of service (DoS), and Distributed Denial of service (DDoS) attacks, which have been causing major security threats to all networks and specifically to limited resource IoT devices. As security will always be a primary factor for enabling most IoT applications, developing a comprehensive detection method that effectively defends against DDoS attacks and can provide 100% detection for DDoS attacks in IoT is a primary goal for the future of IoT. The development of such a method requires a deep understanding of the methods that have been used thus far in the detection of DDoS attacks in the IoT environment. In our survey, we try to emphasize some of the most recent Machine Learning (ML) approaches developed for the detection of DDoS attacks in IoT networks along with their advantage and disadvantages. Comparison between the performances of selected approaches is also provided.
Liang, Xiaoyu, Znati, Taieb.  2019.  An empirical study of intelligent approaches to DDoS detection in large scale networks. 2019 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC). :821–827.
Distributed Denial of Services (DDoS) attacks continue to be one of the most challenging threats to the Internet. The intensity and frequency of these attacks are increasing at an alarming rate. Numerous schemes have been proposed to mitigate the impact of DDoS attacks. This paper presents a comprehensive empirical evaluation of Machine Learning (ML)based DDoS detection techniques, to gain better understanding of their performance in different types of environments. To this end, a framework is developed, focusing on different attack scenarios, to investigate the performance of a class of ML-based techniques. The evaluation uses different performance metrics, including the impact of the “Class Imbalance Problem” on ML-based DDoS detection. The results of the comparative analysis show that no one technique outperforms all others in all test cases. Furthermore, the results underscore the need for a method oriented feature selection model to enhance the capabilities of ML-based detection techniques. Finally, the results show that the class imbalance problem significantly impacts performance, underscoring the need to address this problem in order to enhance ML-based DDoS detection capabilities.
2020-06-26
Karthika, P., Babu, R. Ganesh, Nedumaran, A..  2019.  Machine Learning Security Allocation in IoT. 2019 International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Control Systems (ICCS). :474—478.

The progressed computational abilities of numerous asset compelled gadgets mobile phones have empowered different research zones including picture recovery from enormous information stores for various IoT applications. The real difficulties for picture recovery utilizing cell phones in an IoT situation are the computational intricacy and capacity. To manage enormous information in IoT condition for picture recovery a light-weighted profound learning base framework for vitality obliged gadgets. The framework initially recognizes and crop face areas from a picture utilizing Viola-Jones calculation with extra face classifier to take out the identification issue. Besides, the utilizes convolutional framework layers of a financially savvy pre-prepared CNN demonstrate with characterized highlights to speak to faces. Next, highlights of the huge information vault are listed to accomplish a quicker coordinating procedure for constant recovery. At long last, Euclidean separation is utilized to discover comparability among question and archive pictures. For exploratory assessment, we made a nearby facial pictures dataset it including equally single and gathering face pictures. In the dataset can be utilized by different specialists as a scale for examination with other ongoing facial picture recovery frameworks. The trial results demonstrate that our planned framework beats other cutting edge highlight extraction strategies as far as proficiency and recovery for IoT-helped vitality obliged stages.

Jiang, Jianguo, Chen, Jiuming, Gu, Tianbo, Choo, Kim-Kwang Raymond, Liu, Chao, Yu, Min, Huang, Weiqing, Mohapatra, Prasant.  2019.  Anomaly Detection with Graph Convolutional Networks for Insider Threat and Fraud Detection. MILCOM 2019 - 2019 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM). :109—114.

Anomaly detection generally involves the extraction of features from entities' or users' properties, and the design of anomaly detection models using machine learning or deep learning algorithms. However, only considering entities' property information could lead to high false positives. We posit the importance of also considering connections or relationships between entities in the detecting of anomalous behaviors and associated threat groups. Therefore, in this paper, we design a GCN (graph convolutional networks) based anomaly detection model to detect anomalous behaviors of users and malicious threat groups. The GCN model could characterize entities' properties and structural information between them into graphs. This allows the GCN based anomaly detection model to detect both anomalous behaviors of individuals and associated anomalous groups. We then evaluate the proposed model using a real-world insider threat data set. The results show that the proposed model outperforms several state-of-art baseline methods (i.e., random forest, logistic regression, SVM, and CNN). Moreover, the proposed model can also be applied to other anomaly detection applications.