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Alkawaz, Mohammed Hazim, Joanne Steven, Stephanie, Mohammad, Omar Farook, Gapar Md Johar, Md.  2022.  Identification and Analysis of Phishing Website based on Machine Learning Methods. 2022 IEEE 12th Symposium on Computer Applications & Industrial Electronics (ISCAIE). :246–251.
People are increasingly sharing their details online as internet usage grows. Therefore, fraudsters have access to a massive amount of information and financial activities. The attackers create web pages that seem like reputable sites and transmit the malevolent content to victims to get them to provide subtle information. Prevailing phishing security measures are inadequate for detecting new phishing assaults. To accomplish this aim, objective to meet for this research is to analyses and compare phishing website and legitimate by analyzing the data collected from open-source platforms through a survey. Another objective for this research is to propose a method to detect fake sites using Decision Tree and Random Forest approaches. Microsoft Form has been utilized to carry out the survey with 30 participants. Majority of the participants have poor awareness and phishing attack and does not obverse the features of interface before accessing the search browser. With the data collection, this survey supports the purpose of identifying the best phishing website detection where Decision Tree and Random Forest were trained and tested. In achieving high number of feature importance detection and accuracy rate, the result demonstrates that Random Forest has the best performance in phishing website detection compared to Decision Tree.
Patil, Kanchan, Arra, Sai Rohith.  2022.  Detection of Phishing and User Awareness Training in Information Security: A Systematic Literature Review. 2022 2nd International Conference on Innovative Practices in Technology and Management (ICIPTM). 2:780–786.
Phishing is a method of online fraud where attackers are targeted to gain access to the computer systems for monetary benefits or personal gains. In this case, the attackers pose themselves as legitimate entities to gain the users' sensitive information. Phishing has been significant concern over the past few years. The firms are recording an increase in phishing attacks primarily aimed at the firm's intellectual property and the employees' sensitive data. As a result, these attacks force firms to spend more on information security, both in technology-centric and human-centric approaches. With the advancements in cyber-security in the last ten years, many techniques evolved to detect phishing-related activities through websites and emails. This study focuses on the latest techniques used for detecting phishing attacks, including the usage of Visual selection features, Machine Learning (ML), and Artificial Intelligence (AI) to see the phishing attacks. New strategies for identifying phishing attacks are evolving, but limited standardized knowledge on phishing identification and mitigation is accessible from user awareness training. So, this study also focuses on the role of security-awareness movements to minimize the impact of phishing attacks. There are many approaches to train the user regarding these attacks, such as persona-centred training, anti-phishing techniques, visual discrimination training and the usage of spam filters, robust firewalls and infrastructure, dynamic technical defense mechanisms, use of third-party certified software to mitigate phishing attacks from happening. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to carry out a systematic analysis of literature to assess the state of knowledge in prominent scientific journals on the identification and prevention of phishing. Forty-three journal articles with the perspective of phishing detection and prevention through awareness training were reviewed from 2011 to 2020. This timely systematic review also focuses on the gaps identified in the selected primary studies and future research directions in this area.
Oldal, Laura Gulyás, Kertész, Gábor.  2022.  Evaluation of Deep Learning-based Authorship Attribution Methods on Hungarian Texts. 2022 IEEE 10th Jubilee International Conference on Computational Cybernetics and Cyber-Medical Systems (ICCC). :000161–000166.
The range of text analysis methods in the field of natural language processing (NLP) has become more and more extensive thanks to the increasing computational resources of the 21st century. As a result, many deep learning-based solutions have been proposed for the purpose of authorship attribution, as they offer more flexibility and automated feature extraction compared to traditional statistical methods. A number of solutions have appeared for the attribution of English texts, however, the number of methods designed for Hungarian language is extremely small. Hungarian is a morphologically rich language, sentence formation is flexible and the alphabet is different from other languages. Furthermore, a language specific POS tagger, pretrained word embeddings, dependency parser, etc. are required. As a result, methods designed for other languages cannot be directly applied on Hungarian texts. In this paper, we review deep learning-based authorship attribution methods for English texts and offer techniques for the adaptation of these solutions to Hungarian language. As a part of the paper, we collected a new dataset consisting of Hungarian literary works of 15 authors. In addition, we extensively evaluate the implemented methods on the new dataset.
Ouamour, S., Sayoud, H..  2022.  Computational Identification of Author Style on Electronic Libraries - Case of Lexical Features. 2022 5th International Symposium on Informatics and its Applications (ISIA). :1–4.
In the present work, we intend to present a thorough study developed on a digital library, called HAT corpus, for a purpose of authorship attribution. Thus, a dataset of 300 documents that are written by 100 different authors, was extracted from the web digital library and processed for a task of author style analysis. All the documents are related to the travel topic and written in Arabic. Basically, three important rules in stylometry should be respected: the minimum document size, the same topic for all documents and the same genre too. In this work, we made a particular effort to respect those conditions seriously during the corpus preparation. That is, three lexical features: Fixed-length words, Rare words and Suffixes are used and evaluated by using a centroid based Manhattan distance. The used identification approach shows interesting results with an accuracy of about 0.94.
Rout, Sonali, Mohapatra, Ramesh Kumar.  2022.  Hiding Sensitive Information in Surveillance Video without Affecting Nefarious Activity Detection. 2022 2nd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Signal Processing (AISP). :1–6.
Protection of private and sensitive information is the most alarming issue for security providers in surveillance videos. So to provide privacy as well as to enhance secrecy in surveillance video without affecting its efficiency in detection of violent activities is a challenging task. Here a steganography based algorithm has been proposed which hides private information inside the surveillance video without affecting its accuracy in criminal activity detection. Preprocessing of the surveillance video has been performed using Tunable Q-factor Wavelet Transform (TQWT), secret data has been hidden using Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) and after adding payload to the surveillance video, detection of criminal activities has been conducted with maintaining same accuracy as original surveillance video. UCF-crime dataset has been used to validate the proposed framework. Feature extraction is performed and after feature selection it has been trained to Temporal Convolutional Network (TCN) for detection. Performance measure has been compared to the state-of-the-art methods which shows that application of steganography does not affect the detection rate while preserving the perceptual quality of the surveillance video.
ISSN: 2640-5768
Ashlam, Ahmed Abadulla, Badii, Atta, Stahl, Frederic.  2022.  A Novel Approach Exploiting Machine Learning to Detect SQLi Attacks. 2022 5th International Conference on Advanced Systems and Emergent Technologies (IC\_ASET). :513–517.
The increasing use of Information Technology applications in the distributed environment is increasing security exploits. Information about vulnerabilities is also available on the open web in an unstructured format that developers can take advantage of to fix vulnerabilities in their IT applications. SQL injection (SQLi) attacks are frequently launched with the objective of exfiltration of data typically through targeting the back-end server organisations to compromise their customer databases. There have been a number of high profile attacks against large enterprises in recent years. With the ever-increasing growth of online trading, it is possible to see how SQLi attacks can continue to be one of the leading routes for cyber-attacks in the future, as indicated by findings reported in OWASP. Various machine learning and deep learning algorithms have been applied to detect and prevent these attacks. However, such preventive attempts have not limited the incidence of cyber-attacks and the resulting compromised database as reported by (CVE) repository. In this paper, the potential of using data mining approaches is pursued in order to enhance the efficacy of SQL injection safeguarding measures by reducing the false-positive rates in SQLi detection. The proposed approach uses CountVectorizer to extract features and then apply various supervised machine-learning models to automate the classification of SQLi. The model that returns the highest accuracy has been chosen among available models. Also a new model has been created PALOSDM (Performance analysis and Iterative optimisation of the SQLI Detection Model) for reducing false-positive rate and false-negative rate. The detection rate accuracy has also been improved significantly from a baseline of 94% up to 99%.
Wang, Wei, Yao, Jiming, Shao, Weiping, Xu, Yangzhou, Peng, Shaowu.  2022.  Efficient 5G Network Slicing Selection with Privacy in Smart Grid. 2022 IEEE 10th Joint International Information Technology and Artificial Intelligence Conference (ITAIC). 10:916—922.
To fulfill different requirements from various services, the smart grid typically uses 5G network slicing technique for splitting the physical network into multiple virtual logical networks. By doing so, end users in smart grid can select appropriate slice that is suitable for their services. Privacy has vital significance in network slicing selection, since both the end user and the network entities are afraid that their sensitive slicing features are leaked to an adversary. At the same time, in the smart grid, there are many low-power users who are not suitable for complex security schemes. Therefore, both security and efficiency are basic requirements for 5G slicing selection schemes. Considering both security and efficiency, we propose a 5G slicing selection security scheme based on matching degree estimation, called SS-MDE. In SS-MDE, a set of random numbers is used to hide the feature information of the end user and the AMF which can provide privacy protection for exchanged slicing features. Moreover, the best matching slice is selected by calculating the Euclid distance between two slices. Since the algorithms used in SS-MDE include only several simple mathematical operations, which are quite lightweight, SS-MDE can achieve high efficiency. At the same time, since third-party attackers cannot extract the slicing information, SS-MDE can fulfill security requirements. Experimental results show that the proposed scheme is feasible in real world applications.
Khan, Rashid, Saxena, Neetesh, Rana, Omer, Gope, Prosanta.  2022.  ATVSA: Vehicle Driver Profiling for Situational Awareness. 2022 IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy Workshops (EuroS&PW). :348–357.

Increasing connectivity and automation in vehicles leads to a greater potential attack surface. Such vulnerabilities within vehicles can also be used for auto-theft, increasing the potential for attackers to disable anti-theft mechanisms implemented by vehicle manufacturers. We utilize patterns derived from Controller Area Network (CAN) bus traffic to verify driver “behavior”, as a basis to prevent vehicle theft. Our proposed model uses semi-supervised learning that continuously profiles a driver, using features extracted from CAN bus traffic. We have selected 15 key features and obtained an accuracy of 99% using a dataset comprising a total of 51 features across 10 different drivers. We use a number of data analysis algorithms, such as J48, Random Forest, JRip and clustering, using 94K records. Our results show that J48 is the best performing algorithm in terms of training and testing (1.95 seconds and 0.44 seconds recorded, respectively). We also analyze the effect of using a sliding window on algorithm performance, altering the size of the window to identify the impact on prediction accuracy.

Alkuwari, Ahmad N., Al-Kuwari, Saif, Qaraqe, Marwa.  2022.  Anomaly Detection in Smart Grids: A Survey From Cybersecurity Perspective. 2022 3rd International Conference on Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE). :1—7.
Smart grid is the next generation for power generation, consumption and distribution. However, with the introduction of smart communication in such sensitive components, major risks from cybersecurity perspective quickly emerged. This survey reviews and reports on the state-of-the-art techniques for detecting cyber attacks in smart grids, mainly through machine learning techniques.
Al Rahbani, Rani, Khalife, Jawad.  2022.  IoT DDoS Traffic Detection Using Adaptive Heuristics Assisted With Machine Learning. 2022 10th International Symposium on Digital Forensics and Security (ISDFS). :1—6.
DDoS is a major issue in network security and a threat to service providers that renders a service inaccessible for a period of time. The number of Internet of Things (IoT) devices has developed rapidly. Nevertheless, it is proven that security on these devices is frequently disregarded. Many detection methods exist and are mostly focused on Machine Learning. However, the best method has not been defined yet. The aim of this paper is to find the optimal volumetric DDoS attack detection method by first comparing different existing machine learning methods, and second, by building an adaptive lightweight heuristics model relying on few traffic attributes and simple DDoS detection rules. With this new simple model, our goal is to decrease the classification time. Finally, we compare machine learning methods with our adaptive new heuristics method which shows promising results both on the accuracy and performance levels.
C, Chethana, Pareek, Piyush Kumar, Costa de Albuquerque, Victor Hugo, Khanna, Ashish, Gupta, Deepak.  2022.  Deep Learning Technique Based Intrusion Detection in Cyber-Security Networks. 2022 IEEE 2nd Mysore Sub Section International Conference (MysuruCon). :1–7.
As a result of the inherent weaknesses of the wireless medium, ad hoc networks are susceptible to a broad variety of threats and assaults. As a direct consequence of this, intrusion detection, as well as security, privacy, and authentication in ad-hoc networks, have developed into a primary focus of current study. This body of research aims to identify the dangers posed by a variety of assaults that are often seen in wireless ad-hoc networks and provide strategies to counteract those dangers. The Black hole assault, Wormhole attack, Selective Forwarding attack, Sybil attack, and Denial-of-Service attack are the specific topics covered in this thesis. In this paper, we describe a trust-based safe routing protocol with the goal of mitigating the interference of black hole nodes in the course of routing in mobile ad-hoc networks. The overall performance of the network is negatively impacted when there are black hole nodes in the route that routing takes. As a result, we have developed a routing protocol that reduces the likelihood that packets would be lost as a result of black hole nodes. This routing system has been subjected to experimental testing in order to guarantee that the most secure path will be selected for the delivery of packets between a source and a destination. The invasion of wormholes into a wireless network results in the segmentation of the network as well as a disorder in the routing. As a result, we provide an effective approach for locating wormholes by using ordinal multi-dimensional scaling and round trip duration in wireless ad hoc networks with either sparse or dense topologies. Wormholes that are linked by both short route and long path wormhole linkages may be found using the approach that was given. In order to guarantee that this ad hoc network does not include any wormholes that go unnoticed, this method is subjected to experimental testing. In order to fight against selective forwarding attacks in wireless ad-hoc networks, we have developed three different techniques. The first method is an incentive-based algorithm that makes use of a reward-punishment system to drive cooperation among three nodes for the purpose of vi forwarding messages in crowded ad-hoc networks. A unique adversarial model has been developed by our team, and inside it, three distinct types of nodes and the activities they participate in are specified. We have shown that the suggested strategy that is based on incentives prohibits nodes from adopting an individualistic behaviour, which ensures collaboration in the process of packet forwarding. To guarantee that intermediate nodes in resource-constrained ad-hoc networks accurately convey packets, the second approach proposes a game theoretic model that uses non-cooperative game theory. This model is based on the idea that game theory may be used. This game reaches a condition of desired equilibrium, which assures that cooperation in multi-hop communication is physically possible, and it is this state that is discovered. In the third algorithm, we present a detection approach that locates malicious nodes in multihop hierarchical ad-hoc networks by employing binary search and control packets. We have shown that the cluster head is capable of accurately identifying the malicious node by analysing the sequences of packets that are dropped along the path leading from a source node to the cluster head. A lightweight symmetric encryption technique that uses Binary Playfair is presented here as a means of safeguarding the transport of data. We demonstrate via experimentation that the suggested encryption method is efficient with regard to the amount of energy used, the amount of time required for encryption, and the memory overhead. This lightweight encryption technique is used in clustered wireless ad-hoc networks to reduce the likelihood of a sybil attack occurring in such networks
Chen, Ye, Lai, Yingxu, Zhang, Zhaoyi, Li, Hanmei, Wang, Yuhang.  2022.  Malicious attack detection based on traffic-flow information fusion. 2022 IFIP Networking Conference (IFIP Networking). :1–9.
While vehicle-to-everything communication technology enables information sharing and cooperative control for vehicles, it also poses a significant threat to the vehicles' driving security owing to cyber-attacks. In particular, Sybil malicious attacks hidden in the vehicle broadcast information flow are challenging to detect, thereby becoming an urgent issue requiring attention. Several researchers have considered this problem and proposed different detection schemes. However, the detection performance of existing schemes based on plausibility checks and neighboring observers is affected by the traffic and attacker densities. In this study, we propose a malicious attack detection scheme based on traffic-flow information fusion, which enables the detection of Sybil attacks without neighboring observer nodes. Our solution is based on the basic safety message, which is broadcast by vehicles periodically. It first constructs the basic features of traffic flow to reflect the traffic state, subsequently fuses it with the road detector information to add the road fusion features, and then classifies them using machine learning algorithms to identify malicious attacks. The experimental results demonstrate that our scheme achieves the detection of Sybil attacks with an accuracy greater than 90 % at different traffic and attacker densities. Our solutions provide security for achieving a usable vehicle communication network.
Tuba, Eva, Alihodzic, Adis, Tuba, Una, Capor Hrosik, Romana, Tuba, Milan.  2022.  Swarm Intelligence Approach for Feature Selection Problem. 2022 10th International Symposium on Digital Forensics and Security (ISDFS). :1–6.
Classification problems have been part of numerous real-life applications in fields of security, medicine, agriculture, and more. Due to the wide range of applications, there is a constant need for more accurate and efficient methods. Besides more efficient and better classification algorithms, the optimal feature set is a significant factor for better classification accuracy. In general, more features can better describe instances, but besides showing differences between instances of different classes, it can also capture many similarities that lead to wrong classification. Determining the optimal feature set can be considered a hard optimization problem for which different metaheuristics, like swarm intelligence algorithms can be used. In this paper, we propose an adaptation of hybridized swarm intelligence (SI) algorithm for feature selection problem. To test the quality of the proposed method, classification was done by k-means algorithm and it was tested on 17 benchmark datasets from the UCI repository. The results are compared to similar approaches from the literature where SI algorithms were used for feature selection, which proves the quality of the proposed hybridized SI method. The proposed method achieved better classification accuracy for 16 datasets. Higher classification accuracy was achieved while simultaneously reducing the number of used features.
Jovanovic, Dijana, Marjanovic, Marina, Antonijevic, Milos, Zivkovic, Miodrag, Budimirovic, Nebojsa, Bacanin, Nebojsa.  2022.  Feature Selection by Improved Sand Cat Swarm Optimizer for Intrusion Detection. 2022 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Everything (AIE). :685–690.
The rapid growth of number of devices that are connected to internet of things (IoT) networks, increases the severity of security problems that need to be solved in order to provide safe environment for network data exchange. The discovery of new vulnerabilities is everyday challenge for security experts and many novel methods for detection and prevention of intrusions are being developed for dealing with this issue. To overcome these shortcomings, artificial intelligence (AI) can be used in development of advanced intrusion detection systems (IDS). This allows such system to adapt to emerging threats, react in real-time and adjust its behavior based on previous experiences. On the other hand, the traffic classification task becomes more difficult because of the large amount of data generated by network systems and high processing demands. For this reason, feature selection (FS) process is applied to reduce data complexity by removing less relevant data for the active classification task and therefore improving algorithm's accuracy. In this work, hybrid version of recently proposed sand cat swarm optimizer algorithm is proposed for feature selection with the goal of increasing performance of extreme learning machine classifier. The performance improvements are demonstrated by validating the proposed method on two well-known datasets - UNSW-NB15 and CICIDS-2017, and comparing the results with those reported for other cutting-edge algorithms that are dealing with the same problems and work in a similar configuration.
Khodaskar, Manish, Medhane, Darshan, Ingle, Rajesh, Buchade, Amar, Khodaskar, Anuja.  2022.  Feature-based Intrusion Detection System with Support Vector Machine. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain and Distributed Systems Security (ICBDS). :1—7.
Today billions of people are accessing the internet around the world. There is a need for new technology to provide security against malicious activities that can take preventive/ defensive actions against constantly evolving attacks. A new generation of technology that keeps an eye on such activities and responds intelligently to them is the intrusion detection system employing machine learning. It is difficult for traditional techniques to analyze network generated data due to nature, amount, and speed with which the data is generated. The evolution of advanced cyber threats makes it difficult for existing IDS to perform up to the mark. In addition, managing large volumes of data is beyond the capabilities of computer hardware and software. This data is not only vast in scope, but it is also moving quickly. The system architecture suggested in this study uses SVM to train the model and feature selection based on the information gain ratio measure ranking approach to boost the overall system's efficiency and increase the attack detection rate. This work also addresses the issue of false alarms and trying to reduce them. In the proposed framework, the UNSW-NB15 dataset is used. For analysis, the UNSW-NB15 and NSL-KDD datasets are used. Along with SVM, we have also trained various models using Naive Bayes, ANN, RF, etc. We have compared the result of various models. Also, we can extend these trained models to create an ensemble approach to improve the performance of IDS.
Sravani, T., Suguna, M.Raja.  2022.  Comparative Analysis Of Crime Hotspot Detection And Prediction Using Convolutional Neural Network Over Support Vector Machine with Engineered Spatial Features Towards Increase in Classifier Accuracy. 2022 International Conference on Business Analytics for Technology and Security (ICBATS). :1—5.
The major aim of the study is to predict the type of crime that is going to happen based on the crime hotspot detected for the given crime data with engineered spatial features. crime dataset is filtered to have the following 2 crime categories: crime against society, crime against person. Crime hotspots are detected by using the Novel Hierarchical density based Spatial Clustering of Application with Noise (HDBSCAN) Algorithm with the number of clusters optimized using silhouette score. The sample data consists of 501 crime incidents. Future types of crime for the given location are predicted by using the Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) algorithms (N=5). The accuracy of crime prediction using Support Vector Machine classification algorithm is 94.01% and Convolutional Neural Network algorithm is 79.98% with the significance p-value of 0.033. The Support Vector Machine algorithm is significantly better in accuracy for prediction of type of crime than Convolutional Neural Network (CNN).
Duby, Adam, Taylor, Teryl, Bloom, Gedare, Zhuang, Yanyan.  2022.  Detecting and Classifying Self-Deleting Windows Malware Using Prefetch Files. 2022 IEEE 12th Annual Computing and Communication Workshop and Conference (CCWC). :0745–0751.
Malware detection and analysis can be a burdensome task for incident responders. As such, research has turned to machine learning to automate malware detection and malware family classification. Existing work extracts and engineers static and dynamic features from the malware sample to train classifiers. Despite promising results, such techniques assume that the analyst has access to the malware executable file. Self-deleting malware invalidates this assumption and requires analysts to find forensic evidence of malware execution for further analysis. In this paper, we present and evaluate an approach to detecting malware that executed on a Windows target and further classify the malware into its associated family to provide semantic insight. Specifically, we engineer features from the Windows prefetch file, a file system forensic artifact that archives process information. Results show that it is possible to detect the malicious artifact with 99% accuracy; furthermore, classifying the malware into a fine-grained family has comparable performance to techniques that require access to the original executable. We also provide a thorough security discussion of the proposed approach against adversarial diversity.
Huo, Da, Li, Xiaoyong, Li, Linghui, Gao, Yali, Li, Ximing, Yuan, Jie.  2022.  The Application of 1D-CNN in Microsoft Malware Detection. 2022 7th International Conference on Big Data Analytics (ICBDA). :181–187.
In the computer field, cybersecurity has always been the focus of attention. How to detect malware is one of the focuses and difficulties in network security research effectively. Traditional existing malware detection schemes can be mainly divided into two methods categories: database matching and the machine learning method. With the rise of deep learning, more and more deep learning methods are applied in the field of malware detection. Deeper semantic features can be extracted via deep neural network. The main tasks of this paper are as follows: (1) Using machine learning methods and one-dimensional convolutional neural networks to detect malware (2) Propose a machine The method of combining learning and deep learning is used for detection. Machine learning uses LGBM to obtain an accuracy rate of 67.16%, and one-dimensional CNN obtains an accuracy rate of 72.47%. In (2), LGBM is used to screen the importance of features and then use a one-dimensional convolutional neural network, which helps to further improve the detection result has an accuracy rate of 78.64%.
Liu, Xiaolei, Li, Xiaoyu, Zheng, Desheng, Bai, Jiayu, Peng, Yu, Zhang, Shibin.  2022.  Automatic Selection Attacks Framework for Hard Label Black-Box Models. IEEE INFOCOM 2022 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS). :1–7.
The current adversarial attacks against machine learning models can be divided into white-box attacks and black-box attacks. Further the black-box can be subdivided into soft label and hard label black-box, but the latter has the deficiency of only returning the class with the highest prediction probability, which leads to the difficulty in gradient estimation. However, due to its wide application, it is of great research significance and application value to explore hard label blackbox attacks. This paper proposes an Automatic Selection Attacks Framework (ASAF) for hard label black-box models, which can be explained in two aspects based on the existing attack methods. Firstly, ASAF applies model equivalence to select substitute models automatically so as to generate adversarial examples and then completes black-box attacks based on their transferability. Secondly, specified feature selection and parallel attack method are proposed to shorten the attack time and improve the attack success rate. The experimental results show that ASAF can achieve more than 90% success rate of nontargeted attack on the common models of traditional dataset ResNet-101 (CIFAR10) and InceptionV4 (ImageNet). Meanwhile, compared with FGSM and other attack algorithms, the attack time is reduced by at least 89.7% and 87.8% respectively in two traditional datasets. Besides, it can achieve 90% success rate of attack on the online model, BaiduAI digital recognition. In conclusion, ASAF is the first automatic selection attacks framework for hard label blackbox models, in which specified feature selection and parallel attack methods speed up automatic attacks.
Fujita, Koji, Shibahara, Toshiki, Chiba, Daiki, Akiyama, Mitsuaki, Uchida, Masato.  2022.  Objection!: Identifying Misclassified Malicious Activities with XAI. ICC 2022 - IEEE International Conference on Communications. :2065—2070.
Many studies have been conducted to detect various malicious activities in cyberspace using classifiers built by machine learning. However, it is natural for any classifier to make mistakes, and hence, human verification is necessary. One method to address this issue is eXplainable AI (XAI), which provides a reason for the classification result. However, when the number of classification results to be verified is large, it is not realistic to check the output of the XAI for all cases. In addition, it is sometimes difficult to interpret the output of XAI. In this study, we propose a machine learning model called classification verifier that verifies the classification results by using the output of XAI as a feature and raises objections when there is doubt about the reliability of the classification results. The results of experiments on malicious website detection and malware detection show that the proposed classification verifier can efficiently identify misclassified malicious activities.
Oh, Mi-Kyung, Lee, Sangjae, Kang, Yousung.  2021.  Wi-SUN Device Authentication using Physical Layer Fingerprint. 2021 International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Convergence (ICTC). :160–162.
This paper aims to identify Wi-SUN devices using physical layer fingerprint. We first extract physical layer features based on the received Wi-SUN signals, especially focusing on device-specific clock skew and frequency deviation in FSK modulation. Then, these physical layer fingerprints are used to train a machine learning-based classifier and the resulting classifier finally identifies the authorized Wi-SUN devices. Preliminary experiments on Wi-SUN certified chips show that the authenticator with the proposed physical layer fingerprints can distinguish Wi-SUN devices with 100 % accuracy. Since no additional computational complexity for authentication is involved on the device side, our approach can be applied to any Wi-SUN based IoT devices with security requirements.
Wei, Yijie, Cao, Qiankai, Gu, Jie, Otseidu, Kofi, Hargrove, Levi.  2020.  A Fully-integrated Gesture and Gait Processing SoC for Rehabilitation with ADC-less Mixed-signal Feature Extraction and Deep Neural Network for Classification and Online Training. 2020 IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference (CICC). :1–4.
An ultra-low-power gesture and gait classification SoC is presented for rehabilitation application featuring (1) mixed-signal feature extraction and integrated low-noise amplifier eliminating expensive ADC and digital feature extraction, (2) an integrated distributed deep neural network (DNN) ASIC supporting a scalable multi-chip neural network for sensor fusion with distortion resiliency for low-cost front end modules, (3) onchip learning of DNN engine allowing in-situ training of user specific operations. A 12-channel 65nm CMOS test chip was fabricated with 1μW power per channel, less than 3ms computation latency, on-chip training for user-specific DNN model and multi-chip networking capability.
Liu, I-Hsien, Hsieh, Cheng-En, Lin, Wei-Min, Li, Chu-Fen, Li, Jung-Shian.  2021.  Malicious Flows Generator Based on Data Balanced Algorithm. 2021 International Conference on Fuzzy Theory and Its Applications (iFUZZY). :1–4.
As Internet technology gradually matures, the network structure becomes more complex. Therefore, the attack methods of malicious attackers are more diverse and change faster. Fortunately, due to the substantial increase in computer computing power, machine learning is valued and widely used in various fields. It has also been applied to intrusion detection systems. This study found that due to the imperfect data ratio of the unbalanced flow dataset, the model will be overfitting and the misjudgment rate will increase. In response to this problem, this research proposes to use the Cuckoo system to induce malicious samples to generate malicious traffic, to solve the data proportion defect of the unbalanced traffic dataset.
Song, Xiaozhuang, Zhang, Chenhan, Yu, James J.Q..  2021.  Learn Travel Time Distribution with Graph Deep Learning and Generative Adversarial Network. 2021 IEEE International Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC). :1385–1390.
How to obtain accurate travel time predictions is among the most critical problems in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Recent literature has shown the effectiveness of machine learning models on travel time forecasting problems. However, most of these models predict travel time in a point estimation manner, which is not suitable for real scenarios. Instead of a determined value, the travel time within a future time period is a distribution. Besides, they all use grid structure data to obtain the spatial dependency, which does not reflect the traffic network's actual topology. Hence, we propose GCGTTE to estimate the travel time in a distribution form with Graph Deep Learning and Generative Adversarial Network (GAN). We convert the data into a graph structure and use a Graph Neural Network (GNN) to build its spatial dependency. Furthermore, GCGTTE adopts GAN to approximate the real travel time distribution. We test the effectiveness of GCGTTE with other models on a real-world dataset. Thanks to the fine-grained spatial dependency modeling, GCGTTE outperforms the models that build models on a grid structure data significantly. Besides, we also compared the distribution approximation performance with DeepGTT, a Variational Inference-based model which had the state-of-the-art performance on travel time estimation. The result shows that GCGTTE outperforms DeepGTT on metrics and the distribution generated by GCGTTE is much closer to the original distribution.
Zhao, Li, Jiao, Yan, Chen, Jie, Zhao, Ruixia.  2021.  Image Style Transfer Based on Generative Adversarial Network. 2021 International Conference on Computer Network, Electronic and Automation (ICCNEA). :191–195.
Image style transfer refers to the transformation of the style of image, so that the image details are retained to the maximum extent while the style is transferred. Aiming at the problem of low clarity of style transfer images generated by CycleGAN network, this paper improves the CycleGAN network. In this paper, the network model of auto-encoder and variational auto-encoder is added to the structure. The encoding part of the auto-encoder is used to extract image content features, and the variational auto-encoder is used to extract style features. At the same time, the generating network of the model in this paper uses first to adjust the image size and then perform the convolution operation to replace the traditional deconvolution operation. The discriminating network uses a multi-scale discriminator to force the samples generated by the generating network to be more realistic and approximate the target image, so as to improve the effect of image style transfer.