# Biblio

In cloud computing application scenarios involving computationally weak clients, the natural need for applied cryptography solutions requires the delegation of the most expensive cryptography algorithms to a computationally stronger cloud server. Group exponentiation is an important operation used in many public-key cryptosystems and, more generally, cryptographic protocols. Solving the problem of delegating group exponentiation in the case of a single, possibly malicious, server, was left open since early papers in the area. Only recently, we have solved this problem for a large class of cyclic groups, including those commonly used in cryptosystems proved secure under the intractability of the discrete logarithm problem. In this paper we solve this problem for an important class of non-cyclic groups, which includes RSA groups when the modulus is the product of two safe primes, a common setting in applications using RSA-based cryptosystems. We show a delegation protocol for fixed-exponent exponentiation in such groups, satisfying natural correctness, security, privacy and efficiency requirements, where security holds with exponentially small probability. In our protocol, with very limited offline computation and server computation, a client can delegate an exponentiation to an exponent of the same length as a group element by only performing two exponentiations to an exponent of much shorter length (i.e., the length of a statistical parameter). We obtain our protocol by a non-trivial adaptation to the RSA group of our previous protocol for cyclic groups.

A privately owned smart device connected to a corporate network using a USB connection creates a potential channel for malware infection and its subsequent spread. For example, air-gapped (a.k.a. isolated) systems are considered to be the most secure and safest places for storing critical datasets. However, unlike network communications, USB connection streams have no authentication and filtering. Consequently, intentional or unintentional piggybacking of a malware infected USB storage or a mobile device through the air-gap is sufficient to spread infection into such systems. Our findings show that the contact rate has an exceptional impact on malware spread and destabilizing free malware equilibrium. This work proposes a USB authentication and delegation protocol based on radiofrequency identification (RFID) in order to stabilize the free malware equilibrium in air-gapped networks. The proposed protocol is modelled using Coloured Petri nets (CPN) and the model is verified and validated through CPN tools.