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Haefner, Kyle, Ray, Indrakshi.  2019.  ComplexIoT: Behavior-Based Trust For IoT Networks. 2019 First IEEE International Conference on Trust, Privacy and Security in Intelligent Systems and Applications (TPS-ISA). :56—65.

This work takes a novel approach to classifying the behavior of devices by exploiting the single-purpose nature of IoT devices and analyzing the complexity and variance of their network traffic. We develop a formalized measurement of complexity for IoT devices, and use this measurement to precisely tune an anomaly detection algorithm for each device. We postulate that IoT devices with low complexity lead to a high confidence in their behavioral model and have a correspondingly more precise decision boundary on their predicted behavior. Conversely, complex general purpose devices have lower confidence and a more generalized decision boundary. We show that there is a positive correlation to our complexity measure and the number of outliers found by an anomaly detection algorithm. By tuning this decision boundary based on device complexity we are able to build a behavioral framework for each device that reduces false positive outliers. Finally, we propose an architecture that can use this tuned behavioral model to rank each flow on the network and calculate a trust score ranking of all traffic to and from a device which allows the network to autonomously make access control decisions on a per-flow basis.

Dabbaghi Varnosfaderani, Shirin, Kasprzak, Piotr, Pohl, Christof, Yahyapour, Ramin.  2019.  A Flexible and Compatible Model for Supporting Assurance Level through a Central Proxy. 2019 6th IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Cloud Computing (CSCloud)/ 2019 5th IEEE International Conference on Edge Computing and Scalable Cloud (EdgeCom). :46–52.

Generally, methods of authentication and identification utilized in asserting users' credentials directly affect security of offered services. In a federated environment, service owners must trust external credentials and make access control decisions based on Assurance Information received from remote Identity Providers (IdPs). Communities (e.g. NIST, IETF and etc.) have tried to provide a coherent and justifiable architecture in order to evaluate Assurance Information and define Assurance Levels (AL). Expensive deployment, limited service owners' authority to define their own requirements and lack of compatibility between heterogeneous existing standards can be considered as some of the unsolved concerns that hinder developers to openly accept published works. By assessing the advantages and disadvantages of well-known models, a comprehensive, flexible and compatible solution is proposed to value and deploy assurance levels through a central entity called Proxy.