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Beran, P., Klöhn, M., Hohe, H..  2019.  Measurement Characteristics of Different Integrated Three-Dimensional Magnetic Field Sensors. IEEE Magnetics Letters. 10:1–5.
Datasheets of different commercially available integrated sensors for vector measurements of magnetic fields provide typical specifications, such as measurement range, sampling rate, resolution, and noise. Other characteristics of interest, such as linearity, cross-sensitivity, remanent magnetization, and drifts over temperature, are mostly missing. This letter presents testing results of those characteristics of integrated three-dimensional (3-D) sensors working with different sensor principles and technologies in a reproducible measuring process. The sensors are exposed to temperatures from -20 °C to 80 °C and are cycled in hysteresis loops in fields up to 2.5 mT. For applying high-accuracy magnetic fields, a calibrated 3-D Helmholtz coil setup is used. Commercially available integrated 3-D magnetic field sensors are put in operation on a printed circuit board using nonmagnetic passive components. All sensors are configured for best measurement accuracy according to their data-sheets. The results show that sensors based on anisotropic magnetoresistance have high accuracy and low offsets yet also a high degree of nonlinearity. Hall-based sensors show good linearity but also high cross-sensitivity. A magnetic remanence appears for Hall-based sensors with integrated magnetic concentrators as well as for sensors using anisotropic magnetoresistance. Nearly all sensors show remaining drifts over temperature regarding offset and sensitivity up to several percentages.
Kroon, Martin, Bongers, Ed, Bubeck, Klaus.  2019.  Magnetic tests and analysis of JUICE solar array. 2019 European Space Power Conference (ESPC). :1–5.
Very sensitive magnetic instruments on the JUICE spacecraft require an extremely low magnetic field emission of the various subsystems. The JUICE solar array includes a photovoltaic assembly and various mechanisms with a magnetic signature. The design of the photovoltaic assembly has been optimised not only with respect to magnetic moment, but also with respect to the emitted magnetic field, by applying the so-called back-wiring technique, alternating string polarity etc. The remanent magnetic field of the mechanisms (hinges, eddy-current damper, hold-down & release mechanism) was tested including a process for demagnetisation. In addition, the temperature coefficient for the magnetic moment was measured, down to the operational temperature of -130°C. The eddy-current damper was also subjected to a field-induced magnetisation test. All the contributors were included in a model to calculate the magnetic field at the instrument location.