Visible to the public Biblio

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2022-03-14
Killough, Brian, Rizvi, Syed, Lubawy, Andrew.  2021.  Advancements in the Open Data Cube and the Use of Analysis Ready Data in the Cloud. 2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS. :1793—1795.
The Open Data Cube (ODC), created and facilitated by the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS), is an open source software architecture that continues to gain global popularity through the integration of analysis-ready data (ARD) on cloud computing frameworks. In 2021, CEOS released a new ODC sandbox that provides global users with a free and open programming interface connected to Google Earth Engine datasets. The open source toolset allows users to run application algorithms using a Google Colab Python notebook environment. This tool demonstrates rapid creation of science products anywhere in the world without the need to download and process the satellite data. Basic operation of the tool will support many users but can also be scaled in size and scope to support enhanced user needs. The creation of the ODC sandbox was prompted by the migration of many CEOS ARD satellite datasets to the cloud. The combination of these datasets in an interoperable data cube framework will inspire the creation of many new application products and advance open science.
2022-03-09
Park, Byung H., Chattopadhyay, Somrita, Burgin, John.  2021.  Haze Mitigation in High-Resolution Satellite Imagery Using Enhanced Style-Transfer Neural Network and Normalization Across Multiple GPUs. 2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS. :2827—2830.
Despite recent advances in deep learning approaches, haze mitigation in large satellite images is still a challenging problem. Due to amorphous nature of haze, object detection or image segmentation approaches are not applicable. Also it is practically infeasible to obtain ground truths for training. Bounded memory capacity of GPUs is another constraint that limits the size of image to be processed. In this paper, we propose a style transfer based neural network approach to mitigate haze in a large overhead imagery. The network is trained without paired ground truths; further, perception loss is added to restore vivid colors, enhance contrast and minimize artifacts. The paper also illustrates our use of multiple GPUs in a collective way to produce a single coherent clear image where each GPU dehazes different portions of a large hazy image.
2022-01-31
Zulfa, Mulki Indana, Hartanto, Rudy, Permanasari, Adhistya Erna.  2021.  Performance Comparison of Swarm Intelligence Algorithms for Web Caching Strategy. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Communication, Networks and Satellite (COMNETSAT). :45—51.
Web caching is one strategy that can be used to speed up response times by storing frequently accessed data in the cache server. Given the cache server limited capacity, it is necessary to determine the priority of cached data that can enter the cache server. This study simulated cached data prioritization based on an objective function as a characteristic of problem-solving using an optimization approach. The objective function of web caching is formulated based on the variable data size, count access, and frequency-time access. Then we use the knapsack problem method to find the optimal solution. The Simulations run three swarm intelligence algorithms Ant Colony Optimization (ACO), Genetic Algorithm (GA), and Binary Particle Swarm Optimization (BPSO), divided into several scenarios. The simulation results show that the GA algorithm relatively stable and fast to convergence. The ACO algorithm has the advantage of a non-random initial solution but has followed the pheromone trail. The BPSO algorithm is the fastest, but the resulting solution quality is not as good as ACO and GA.
2021-11-08
Gao, Teng, Wang, Lijun, Jin, Xiaofan.  2020.  Analysis of Frequency Offset for Satellite Navigation Receiver Using Carrier-Aided Code Tracking Loop. 2020 IEEE 20th International Conference on Communication Technology (ICCT). :627–630.
Carrier-aided code tracking loop is widely used in satellite navigation receivers. This kind of loop structure can reduce code tracking noise by narrowing the bandwidth of code tracking loop. The performance of carrier-aided code tracking loop in receivers is affected by frequency deviation of reference clock source. This paper analyzes the influence of carrier frequency offset and sampling frequency offset on carrier-aided code tracking loop due to reference clock offset. The results show that large frequency offset can cause code tracking loop lose lock, code tracking loop is more sensitive to sampling frequency deviation and increasing the loop bandwidth can reduce the effects of frequency offset. This analysis provides reference for receiver tracking loop design.
2021-08-31
Pan, Ziwen, Djordjevic, Ivan B..  2020.  Security of Satellite-Based CV-QKD under Realistic Assumptions. 2020 22nd International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON). :1—4.
With the vastly growing need for secure communication, quantum key distribution (QKD) has been developed to provide high security for communications against potential attacks from the fast-developing quantum computers. Among different QKD protocols, continuous variable (CV-) QKD employing Gaussian modulated coherent states has been promising for its complete security proof and its compatibility with current communication systems in implementation with homodyne or heterodyne detection. Since satellite communication has been more and more important in developing global communication networks, there have been concerns about the security in satellite communication and how we should evaluate the security of CV-QKD in such scenarios. To better analyse the secure key rate (SKR) in this case, in this invited paper we investigate the CV-QKD SKR lower bounds under realistic assumptions over a satellite-to-satellite channel. We also investigate the eavesdropper's best strategy to apply in these scenarios. We demonstrate that for these channel conditions with well-chosen carrier centre frequency and receiver aperture size, based on channel parameters, we can optimize SKR correspondingly. The proposed satellite-based QKD system provides high security level for the coming 5G and beyond networks, the Internet of things, self-driving cars, and other fast-developing applications.
2021-05-20
Sunehra, Dhiraj, Sreshta, V. Sai, Shashank, V., Kumar Goud, B. Uday.  2020.  Raspberry Pi Based Smart Wearable Device for Women Safety using GPS and GSM Technology. 2020 IEEE International Conference for Innovation in Technology (INOCON). :1—5.
Security has become a major concern for women, children and even elders in every walk of their life. Women are getting assaulted and molested, children are getting kidnapped, elder citizens are also facing many problems like robbery, etc. In this paper, a smart security solution called smart wearable device system is implemented using the Raspberry Pi3 for enhancing the safety and security of women/children. It works as an alert as well as a security system. It provides a buzzer alert alert to the people who are nearby to the user (wearing the smart device). The system uses Global Positioning System (GPS) to locate the user, sends the location of the user through SMS to the emergency contact and police using the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) / General Radio Packet Service (GPRS) technology. The device also captures the image of the assault and surroundings of the user or victim using USB Web Camera interfaced to the device and sends it as an E-mail alert to the emergency contact soon after the user presses the panic button present on Smart wearable device system.
2021-05-05
Rizvi, Syed R, Lubawy, Andrew, Rattz, John, Cherry, Andrew, Killough, Brian, Gowda, Sanjay.  2020.  A Novel Architecture of Jupyterhub on Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service for Open Data Cube Sandbox. IGARSS 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. :3387—3390.

The Open Data Cube (ODC) initiative, with support from the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) System Engineering Office (SEO) has developed a state-of-the-art suite of software tools and products to facilitate the analysis of Earth Observation data. This paper presents a short summary of our novel architecture approach in a project related to the Open Data Cube (ODC) community that provides users with their own ODC sandbox environment. Users can have a sandbox environment all to themselves for the purpose of running Jupyter notebooks that leverage the ODC. This novel architecture layout will remove the necessity of hosting multiple users on a single Jupyter notebook server and provides better management tooling for handling resource usage. In this new layout each user will have their own credentials which will give them access to a personal Jupyter notebook server with access to a fully deployed ODC environment enabling exploration of solutions to problems that can be supported by Earth observation data.

2021-04-27
Syafalni, I., Fadhli, H., Utami, W., Dharma, G. S. A., Mulyawan, R., Sutisna, N., Adiono, T..  2020.  Cloud Security Implementation using Homomorphic Encryption. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communication, Networks and Satellite (Comnetsat). :341—345.

With the advancement of computing and communication technologies, data transmission in the internet are getting bigger and faster. However, it is necessary to secure the data to prevent fraud and criminal over the internet. Furthermore, most of the data related to statistics requires to be analyzed securely such as weather data, health data, financial and other services. This paper presents an implementation of cloud security using homomorphic encryption for data analytic in the cloud. We apply the homomorphic encryption that allows the data to be processed without being decrypted. Experimental results show that, for the polynomial degree 26, 28, and 210, the total executions are 2.2 ms, 4.4 ms, 25 ms per data, respectively. The implementation is useful for big data security such as for environment, financial and hospital data analytics.

2021-02-16
Wei, D., Wei, N., Yang, L., Kong, Z..  2020.  SDN-based multi-controller optimization deployment strategy for satellite network. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Power, Intelligent Computing and Systems (ICPICS). :467—473.
Due to the network topology high dynamic changes, the number of ground users and the impact of uneven traffic, the load difference between SDN-based satellite network controllers varies widely, which will cause network performance such as network delay and throughput to drop dramatically. Aiming at the above problems, a multi-controller optimized deployment strategy of satellite network based on SDN was proposed. First, the controller's load state is divided into four types: overload state, high load state, normal state, and idle state; second, when a controller in the network is idle, the switch under its jurisdiction is migrated to the adjacent low load controller and turn off the controller to reduce waste of resources. When the controller is in a high-load state and an overload state, consider both the controller and the switch, and migrate the high-load switch to the adjacent low-load controller. Balance the load between controllers, improve network performance, and improve network performance and network security. Simulation results show that the method has an average throughput improvement of 2.7% and a delay reduction of 3.1% compared with MCDALB and SDCLB methods.
2020-12-02
Zhao, Q., Du, P., Gerla, M., Brown, A. J., Kim, J. H..  2018.  Software Defined Multi-Path TCP Solution for Mobile Wireless Tactical Networks. MILCOM 2018 - 2018 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM). :1—9.
Naval Battlefield Network communications rely on wireless network technologies to transmit data between different naval entities, such as ships and shore nodes. Existing naval battle networks heavily depend on the satellite communication system using single-path TCP for reliable, non-interactive data. While satisfactory for traditional use cases, this communication model may be inadequate for outlier cases, such as those arising from satellite failure and wireless signal outage. To promote network stability and assurance in such scenarios, the addition of unmanned aerial vehicles to function as relay points can complement network connectivity and alleviate potential strains in adverse conditions. The inherent mobility of aerial vehicles coupled with existing source node movements, however, leads to frequent network handovers with non-negligible overhead and communication interruption, particularly in the present single-path model. In this paper, we propose a solution based on multi-path TCP and software-defined networking, which, when applied to mobile wireless heterogeneous networks, reduces the network handover delay and improves the total throughput for transmissions among various naval entities at sea and littoral. In case of single link failure, the presence of a connectable relay point maintains TCP connectivity and reduces the risk of service interruption. To validate feasibility and to evaluate performance of our solution, we constructed a Mininet- WiFi emulation testbed. Compared against single-path TCP communication methods, execution of the testbed when configured to use multi-path TCP and UAV relays yields demonstrably more stable network handovers with relatively low overhead, greater reliability of network connectivity, and higher overall end-to-end throughput. Because the SDN global controller dynamically adjusts allocations per user, the solution effectively eliminates link congestion and promotes more efficient bandwidth utilization.
2020-12-01
Di, A., Ruisheng, S., Lan, L., Yueming, L..  2019.  On the Large-Scale Traffic DDoS Threat of Space Backbone Network. 2019 IEEE 5th Intl Conference on Big Data Security on Cloud (BigDataSecurity), IEEE Intl Conference on High Performance and Smart Computing, (HPSC) and IEEE Intl Conference on Intelligent Data and Security (IDS). :192—194.

Satellite networks play an important role in realizing the combination of the space networks and ground networks as well as the global coverage of the Internet. However, due to the limitation of bandwidth resource, compared with ground network, space backbone networks are more likely to become victims of DDoS attacks. Therefore, we hypothesize an attack scenario that DDoS attackers make reflection amplification attacks, colluding with terminal devices accessing space backbone network, and exhaust bandwidth resources, resulting in degradation of data transmission and service delivery. Finally, we propose some plain countermeasures to provide solutions for future researchers.

2020-07-03
Arif, Syed Waqas, Coskun, Adem, Kale, Izzet.  2019.  A Fully Adaptive Lattice-based Notch Filter for Mitigation of Interference in GPS. 2019 15th Conference on Ph.D Research in Microelectronics and Electronics (PRIME). :217—220.

Intentional interference presents a major threat to the operation of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems. Adaptive notch filtering provides an excellent countermeasure and deterrence against narrowband interference. This paper presents a comparative performance analysis of two adaptive notch filtering algorithms for GPS specific applications which are based on Direct form Second Order and Lattice-Based notch filter structures. Performance of each algorithm is evaluated considering the ratio of jamming to noise density against the effective signal to noise ratio at the output of the correlator. A fully adaptive lattice notch filter is proposed, which is able to simultaneously adapt its coefficients to alter the notch frequency along with the bandwidth of the notch filter. The filter demonstrated a superior tracking performance and convergence rate in comparison to an existing algorithm taken from the literature. Moreover, this paper describes the complete GPS modelling platform implemented in Simulink too.

2020-04-06
Zhou, Yejun, Qiu, Lede, Yu, Hang, Sun, Chunhui.  2018.  Study on Security Technology of Internet of Things Based on Network Coding. 2018 IEEE Third International Conference on Data Science in Cyberspace (DSC). :353–357.
Along with the continuous progress of the information technology, Internet of Things is the inevitable way for realizing the fusion of communication and traditional network technology. Network coding, an important breakthrough in the field of communication, has many applied advantages in information network. This article analyses the eavesdropping problem of Internet of Things and presents an information secure network coding scheme against the eavesdropping adversaries. We show that, if the number of links the adversaries can eavesdrop on is less than the max-flow of a network, the proposed coding scheme not only `achieves the prefect information secure condition but also the max-flow of the network.
2018-02-02
Willis, J. M., Mills, R. F., Mailloux, L. O., Graham, S. R..  2017.  Considerations for secure and resilient satellite architectures. 2017 International Conference on Cyber Conflict (CyCon U.S.). :16–22.

Traditionally, the focus of security and ensuring confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data in spacecraft systems has been on the ground segment and the uplink/downlink components. Although these are the most obvious attack vectors, potential security risks against the satellite's platform is also a serious concern. This paper discusses a notional satellite architecture and explores security vulnerabilities using a systems-level approach. Viewing attacks through this paradigm highlights several potential attack vectors that conventional satellite security approaches fail to consider. If left undetected, these could yield physical effects limiting the satellite's mission or performance. The approach presented aids in risk analysis and gives insight into architectural design considerations which improve the system's overall resiliency.

2017-12-20
Lu, W., Jiang, Y., Yin, C., Tao, X., Lai, P..  2017.  Security beamforming algorithms in multibeam satellite systems. 2017 IEEE 2nd Advanced Information Technology, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (IAEAC). :1272–1277.
This paper investigates the physical layer security in a multibeam satellite communication system, where each legitimate user is surrounded by one eavesdropper. First of all, an optimization problem is formulated to maximize the sum of achievable secrecy rate, while satisfying the on-board satellite transmit power constraint. Then, two transmit beamforming(BF) schemes, namely, the zero-forcing (ZF) and the signal-to-leakage-and-noise ratio (SLNR) BF algorithms are proposed to obtain the BF weight vectors as well as power allocation coefficients. Finally, simulation results are provided to verify the validity of the two proposed methods and demonstrate that the SLNR BF algorithm outperforms the ZF BF algorithm.
Viet, H. N., Kwon, K. R., Kwon, S. K., Lee, E. J., Lee, S. H., Kim, C. Y..  2017.  Implementation of GPS signal simulation for drone security using Matlab/Simulink. 2017 IEEE XXIV International Conference on Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Computing (INTERCON). :1–4.
In this paper, a simulation model of digital intermediate frequency (IF) GPS signal is presented. This design is developed based on mathematical model representing the digitized IF GPS signal. In details, C/A code, navigation data and P code, and the noise models are configured some initial settings simultaneously. Simulation results show that the simulated signals share the same properties with real signals (e.g. C/A code correlation properties, and the spread spectrum). The simulated GPS IF signal data can work as input for various signal processing algorithm of GPS receivers, such as acquisition, tracking, carrier-to-noise ratio (C/No) estimation, and GPS spoofing signal generation. Particularly, the simulated GPS signal can conduct scenarios by adjust SNR values of the noise generator during simulation (e.g. signal outages, sudden changes of GPS signal power), which can be used as setup experiments of spoofing/jamming interference to UAVs for drone security applications.
2015-11-12
Emfinger, W., Karsai, G..  2015.  Modeling Network Medium Access Protocols for Network Quality of Service Analysis. Real-Time Distributed Computing (ISORC), 2015 IEEE 18th International Symposium on. :292-295.

Design-time analysis and verification of distributed real-time embedded systems necessitates the modeling of the time-varying performance of the network and comparing that to application requirements. Earlier work has shown how to build a system network model that abstracted away the network's physical medium and protocols which govern its access and multiplexing. In this work we show how to apply a network medium channel access protocol, such as Time-Division Multiple Access (TDMA), to our network analysis methods and use the results to show that the abstracted model without the explicit model of the protocol is valid.

2015-05-05
Voigt, S., Schoepfer, E., Fourie, C., Mager, A..  2014.  Towards semi-automated satellite mapping for humanitarian situational awareness. Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC), 2014 IEEE. :412-416.

Very high resolution satellite imagery used to be a rare commodity, with infrequent satellite pass-over times over a specific area-of-interest obviating many useful applications. Today, more and more such satellite systems are available, with visual analysis and interpretation of imagery still important to derive relevant features and changes from satellite data. In order to allow efficient, robust and routine image analysis for humanitarian purposes, semi-automated feature extraction is of increasing importance for operational emergency mapping tasks. In the frame of the European Earth Observation program COPERNICUS and related research activities under the European Union's Seventh Framework Program, substantial scientific developments and mapping services are dedicated to satellite based humanitarian mapping and monitoring. In this paper, recent results in methodological research and development of routine services in satellite mapping for humanitarian situational awareness are reviewed and discussed. Ethical aspects of sensitivity and security of humanitarian mapping are deliberated. Furthermore methods for monitoring and analysis of refugee/internally displaced persons camps in humanitarian settings are assessed. Advantages and limitations of object-based image analysis, sample supervised segmentation and feature extraction are presented and discussed.
 

Aiyetoro, G., Takawira, F..  2014.  A Cross-layer Based Packet Scheduling Scheme for Multimedia Traffic in Satellite LTE Networks. New Technologies, Mobility and Security (NTMS), 2014 6th International Conference on. :1-6.

This paper proposes a new cross-layer based packet scheduling scheme for multimedia traffic in satellite Long Term Evolution (LTE) network which adopts MIMO technology. The Satellite LTE air interface will provide global coverage and hence complement its terrestrial counterpart in the provision of mobile services (especially multimedia services) to users across the globe. A dynamic packet scheduling scheme is very important towards actualizing an effective utilization of the limited available resources in satellite LTE networks without compromise to the Quality of Service (QoS) demands of multimedia traffic. Hence, the need for an effective packet scheduling algorithm cannot be overemphasized. The aim of this paper is to propose a new scheduling algorithm tagged Cross-layer Based Queue-Aware (CBQA) Scheduler that will provide a good trade-off among QoS, fairness and throughput. The newly proposed scheduler is compared to existing ones through simulations and various performance indices have been used. A land mobile dual-polarized GEO satellite system has been considered for this work.
 

2015-05-04
Bheemeswara Rao, K.V., Ravi, N., Phani Bhushan, R., Pramod Kumar, K., Venkataraman, S..  2014.  Bluetooth technology: ApXLglevel end-to-end security. Communications and Signal Processing (ICCSP), 2014 International Conference on. :340-344.

The innovations in communication and computing technologies are changing the way we carry-out the tasks in our daily lives. These revolutionary and disrupting technologies are available to the users in various hardware form-factors like Smart Phones, Embedded Appliances, Configurable or Customizable add-on devices, etc. One such technology is Bluetooth [1], which enables the users to communicate and exchange various kinds of information like messages, audio, streaming music and file transfer in a Personal Area Network (PAN). Though it enables the user to carry-out these kinds of tasks without much effort and infrastructure requirements, they inherently bring with them the security and privacy concerns, which need to be addressed at different levels. In this paper, we present an application-layer framework, which provides strong mutual authentication of applications, data confidentiality and data integrity independent of underlying operating system. It can make use of the services of different Cryptographic Service Providers (CSP) on different operating systems and in different programming languages. This framework has been successfully implemented and tested on Android Operating System on one end (using Java language) and MS-Windows 7 Operating System on the other end (using ANSI C language), to prove the framework's reliability/compatibility across OS, Programming Language and CSP. This framework also satisfies the three essential requirements of Security, i.e. Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability, as per the NIST Guide to Bluetooth Security specification and enables the developers to suitably adapt it for different kinds of applications based on Bluetooth Technology.