Visible to the public Biblio

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2019-12-10
Ponuma, R, Amutha, R, Haritha, B.  2018.  Compressive Sensing and Hyper-Chaos Based Image Compression-Encryption. 2018 Fourth International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronics, Information, Communication and Bio-Informatics (AEEICB). :1-5.

A 2D-Compressive Sensing and hyper-chaos based image compression-encryption algorithm is proposed. The 2D image is compressively sampled and encrypted using two measurement matrices. A chaos based measurement matrix construction is employed. The construction of the measurement matrix is controlled by the initial and control parameters of the chaotic system, which are used as the secret key for encryption. The linear measurements of the sparse coefficients of the image are then subjected to a hyper-chaos based diffusion which results in the cipher image. Numerical simulation and security analysis are performed to verify the validity and reliability of the proposed algorithm.

2019-09-23
Ramijak, Dusan, Pal, Amitangshu, Kant, Krishna.  2018.  Pattern Mining Based Compression of IoT Data. Proceedings of the Workshop Program of the 19th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Networking. :12:1–12:6.
The increasing proliferation of the Internet of Things (IoT) devices and systems result in large amounts of highly heterogeneous data to be collected. Although at least some of the collected sensor data is often consumed by the real-time decision making and control of the IoT system, that is not the only use of such data. Invariably, the collected data is stored, perhaps in some filtered or downselected fashion, so that it can be used for a variety of lower-frequency operations. It is expected that in a smart city environment with numerous IoT deployments, the volume of such data can become enormous. Therefore, mechanisms for lossy data compression that provide a trade-off between compression ratio and data usefulness for offline statistical analysis becomes necessary. In this paper, we discuss several simple pattern mining based compression strategies for multi-attribute IoT data streams. For each method, we evaluate the compressibility of the method vs. the level of similarity between original and compressed time series in the context of the home energy management system.
2017-09-15
Dhulipala, Laxman, Kabiljo, Igor, Karrer, Brian, Ottaviano, Giuseppe, Pupyrev, Sergey, Shalita, Alon.  2016.  Compressing Graphs and Indexes with Recursive Graph Bisection. Proceedings of the 22Nd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining. :1535–1544.

Graph reordering is a powerful technique to increase the locality of the representations of graphs, which can be helpful in several applications. We study how the technique can be used to improve compression of graphs and inverted indexes. We extend the recent theoretical model of Chierichetti et al. (KDD 2009) for graph compression, and show how it can be employed for compression-friendly reordering of social networks and web graphs and for assigning document identifiers in inverted indexes. We design and implement a novel theoretically sound reordering algorithm that is based on recursive graph bisection. Our experiments show a significant improvement of the compression rate of graph and indexes over existing heuristics. The new method is relatively simple and allows efficient parallel and distributed implementations, which is demonstrated on graphs with billions of vertices and hundreds of billions of edges.

Silva, Rodrigo M., Gomes, Guilherme C.M., Alvim, Mário S., Gonçalves, Marcos A..  2016.  Compression-Based Selective Sampling for Learning to Rank. Proceedings of the 25th ACM International on Conference on Information and Knowledge Management. :247–256.

Learning to rank (L2R) algorithms use a labeled training set to generate a ranking model that can be later used to rank new query results. These training sets are very costly and laborious to produce, requiring human annotators to assess the relevance or order of the documents in relation to a query. Active learning (AL) algorithms are able to reduce the labeling effort by actively sampling an unlabeled set and choosing data instances that maximize the effectiveness of a learning function. But AL methods require constant supervision, as documents have to be labeled at each round of the process. In this paper, we propose that certain characteristics of unlabeled L2R datasets allow for an unsupervised, compression-based selection process to be used to create small and yet highly informative and effective initial sets that can later be labeled and used to bootstrap a L2R system. We implement our ideas through a novel unsupervised selective sampling method, which we call Cover, that has several advantages over AL methods tailored to L2R. First, it does not need an initial labeled seed set and can select documents from scratch. Second, selected documents do not need to be labeled as the iterations of the method progress since it is unsupervised (i.e., no learning model needs to be updated). Thus, an arbitrarily sized training set can be selected without human intervention depending on the available budget. Third, the method is efficient and can be run on unlabeled collections containing millions of query-document instances. We run various experiments with two important L2R benchmarking collections to show that the proposed method allows for the creation of small, yet very effective training sets. It achieves full training-like performance with less than 10% of the original sets selected, outperforming the baselines in both effectiveness and scalability.

2017-04-20
Sankalpa, I., Dhanushka, T., Amarasinghe, N., Alawathugoda, J., Ragel, R..  2016.  On implementing a client-server setting to prevent the Browser Reconnaissance and Exfiltration via Adaptive Compression of Hypertext (BREACH) attacks. 2016 Manufacturing Industrial Engineering Symposium (MIES). :1–5.

Compression is desirable for network applications as it saves bandwidth. Differently, when data is compressed before being encrypted, the amount of compression leaks information about the amount of redundancy in the plaintext. This side channel has led to the “Browser Reconnaissance and Exfiltration via Adaptive Compression of Hypertext (BREACH)” attack on web traffic protected by the TLS protocol. The general guidance to prevent this attack is to disable HTTP compression, preserving confidentiality but sacrificing bandwidth. As a more sophisticated countermeasure, fixed-dictionary compression was introduced in 2015 enabling compression while protecting high-value secrets, such as cookies, from attacks. The fixed-dictionary compression method is a cryptographically sound countermeasure against the BREACH attack, since it is proven secure in a suitable security model. In this project, we integrate the fixed-dictionary compression method as a countermeasure for BREACH attack, for real-world client-server setting. Further, we measure the performance of the fixed-dictionary compression algorithm against the DEFLATE compression algorithm. The results evident that, it is possible to save some amount of bandwidth, with reasonable compression/decompression time compared to DEFLATE operations. The countermeasure is easy to implement and deploy, hence, this would be a possible direction to mitigate the BREACH attack efficiently, rather than stripping off the HTTP compression entirely.

2017-02-14
F. Hassan, J. L. Magalini, V. de Campos Pentea, R. A. Santos.  2015.  "A project-based multi-disciplinary elective on digital data processing techniques". 2015 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE). :1-7.

Todays' era of internet-of-things, cloud computing and big data centers calls for more fresh graduates with expertise in digital data processing techniques such as compression, encryption and error correcting codes. This paper describes a project-based elective that covers these three main digital data processing techniques and can be offered to three different undergraduate majors electrical and computer engineering and computer science. The course has been offered successfully for three years. Registration statistics show equal interest from the three different majors. Assessment data show that students have successfully completed the different course outcomes. Students' feedback show that students appreciate the knowledge they attain from this elective and suggest that the workload for this course in relation to other courses of equal credit is as expected.

P. Dahake, S. Nimbhorkar.  2015.  "Hybrid cryptosystem for maintaining image integrity using biometric fingerprint". 2015 International Conference on Pervasive Computing (ICPC). :1-5.

Integrity of image data plays an important role in data communication. Image data contain confidential information so it is very important to protect data from intruder. When data is transmitted through the network, there may be possibility that data may be get lost or damaged. Existing system does not provide all functionality for securing image during transmission. i.e image compression, encryption and user authentication. In this paper hybrid cryptosystem is proposed in which biometric fingerprint is used for key generation which is further useful for encryption purpose. Secret fragment visible mosaic image method is used for secure transmission of image. For reducing the size of image lossless compression technique is used which leads to the fast transmission of image data through transmission channel. The biometric fingerprint is useful for authentication purpose. Biometric method is more secure method of authentication because it requires physical presence of human being and it is untraceable.

2015-05-05
Coatsworth, M., Tran, J., Ferworn, A..  2014.  A hybrid lossless and lossy compression scheme for streaming RGB-D data in real time. Safety, Security, and Rescue Robotics (SSRR), 2014 IEEE International Symposium on. :1-6.

Mobile and aerial robots used in urban search and rescue (USAR) operations have shown the potential for allowing us to explore, survey and assess collapsed structures effectively at a safe distance. RGB-D cameras, such as the Microsoft Kinect, allow us to capture 3D depth data in addition to RGB images, providing a significantly richer user experience than flat video, which may provide improved situational awareness for first responders. However, the richer data comes at a higher cost in terms of data throughput and computing power requirements. In this paper we consider the problem of live streaming RGB-D data over wired and wireless communication channels, using low-power, embedded computing equipment. When assessing a disaster environment, a range camera is typically mounted on a ground or aerial robot along with the onboard computer system. Ground robots can use both wireless radio and tethers for communications, whereas aerial robots can only use wireless communication. We propose a hybrid lossless and lossy streaming compression format designed specifically for RGB-D data and investigate the feasibility and usefulness of live-streaming this data in disaster situations.
 

2015-05-04
Putra, M.S.A., Budiman, G., Novamizanti, L..  2014.  Implementation of steganography using LSB with encrypted and compressed text using TEA-LZW on Android. Computer, Control, Informatics and Its Applications (IC3INA), 2014 International Conference on. :93-98.

The development of data communications enabling the exchange of information via mobile devices more easily. Security in the exchange of information on mobile devices is very important. One of the weaknesses in steganography is the capacity of data that can be inserted. With compression, the size of the data will be reduced. In this paper, designed a system application on the Android platform with the implementation of LSB steganography and cryptography using TEA to the security of a text message. The size of this text message may be reduced by performing lossless compression technique using LZW method. The advantages of this method is can provide double security and more messages to be inserted, so it is expected be a good way to exchange information data. The system is able to perform the compression process with an average ratio of 67.42 %. Modified TEA algorithm resulting average value of avalanche effect 53.8%. Average result PSNR of stego image 70.44 dB. As well as average MOS values is 4.8.