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2021-06-24
Abirami, R., Wise, D. C. Joy Winnie, Jeeva, R., Sanjay, S..  2020.  Detecting Security Vulnerabilities in Website using Python. 2020 International Conference on Electronics and Sustainable Communication Systems (ICESC). :844–846.
On the current website, there are many undeniable conditions and there is the existence of new plot holes. If data link is normally extracted on each of the websites, it becomes difficult to evaluate each vulnerability, with tolls such as XS S, SQLI, and other such existing tools for vulnerability assessment. Integrated testing criteria for vulnerabilities are met. In addition, the response should be automated and systematic. The primary value of vulnerability Buffer will be made of predefined and self-formatted code written in python, and the software is automated to send reports to their respective users. The vulnerabilities are tried to be classified as accessible. OWASP is the main resource for developing and validating web security processes.
Su, Yu, Zhou, Jian, Guo, Zhinuan.  2020.  A Trust-Based Security Scheme for 5G UAV Communication Systems. 2020 IEEE Intl Conf on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, Intl Conf on Pervasive Intelligence and Computing, Intl Conf on Cloud and Big Data Computing, Intl Conf on Cyber Science and Technology Congress (DASC/PiCom/CBDCom/CyberSciTech). :371—374.
As the increasing demands of social services, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)-assisted networks promote the promising prospect for implementing high-rate information transmission and applications. The sensing data can be collected by UAVs, a large number of applications based on UAVs have been realized in the 5G networks. However, the malicious UAVs may provide false information and destroy the services. The 5G UAV communication systems face the security threats. Therefore, this paper develops a novel trust-based security scheme for 5G UAV communication systems. Firstly, the architecture of the 5G UAV communication system is presented to improve the communication performance. Secondly, the trust evaluation scheme for UAVs is developed to evaluate the reliability of UAVs. By introducing the trust threshold, the malicious UAVs will be filtered out from the systems to protect the security of systems. Finally, the simulation results have been demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.
2021-05-13
Jain, Harsh, Vikram, Aditya, Mohana, Kashyap, Ankit, Jain, Ayush.  2020.  Weapon Detection using Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning for Security Applications. 2020 International Conference on Electronics and Sustainable Communication Systems (ICESC). :193—198.
Security is always a main concern in every domain, due to a rise in crime rate in a crowded event or suspicious lonely areas. Abnormal detection and monitoring have major applications of computer vision to tackle various problems. Due to growing demand in the protection of safety, security and personal properties, needs and deployment of video surveillance systems can recognize and interpret the scene and anomaly events play a vital role in intelligence monitoring. This paper implements automatic gun (or) weapon detection using a convolution neural network (CNN) based SSD and Faster RCNN algorithms. Proposed implementation uses two types of datasets. One dataset, which had pre-labelled images and the other one is a set of images, which were labelled manually. Results are tabulated, both algorithms achieve good accuracy, but their application in real situations can be based on the trade-off between speed and accuracy.
2021-03-15
Ibrahim, A. A., Ata, S. Özgür, Durak-Ata, L..  2020.  Performance Analysis of FSO Systems over Imperfect Málaga Atmospheric Turbulence Channels with Pointing Errors. 2020 12th International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks and Digital Signal Processing (CSNDSP). :1–5.
In this study, we investigate the performance of FSO communication systems under more realistic channel model considering atmospheric turbulence, pointing errors and channel estimation errors together. For this aim, we first derived the composite probability density function (PDF) of imperfect Málaga turbulence channel with pointing errors. Then using this PDF, we obtained bit-error-rate (BER) and ergodic channel capacity (ECC) expressions in closed forms. Additionally, we present the BER and ECC metrics of imperfect Gamma-Gamma and K turbulence channels with pointing errors as special cases of Málaga channel. We further verified our analytic results through Monte-Carlo simulations.
2020-12-14
Ge, K., He, Y..  2020.  Detection of Sybil Attack on Tor Resource Distribution. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Power, Intelligent Computing and Systems (ICPICS). :328–332.
Tor anonymous communication system's resource publishing is vulnerable to enumeration attacks. Zhao determines users who requested resources are unavailable as suspicious malicious users, and gradually reduce the scope of suspicious users through several stages to reduce the false positive rate. However, it takes several stages to distinguish users. Although this method successfully detects the malicious user, the malicious user has acquired many resources in the previous stages, which reduce the availability of the anonymous communication system. This paper proposes a detection method based on Integer Linear Program to detect malicious users who perform enumeration attacks on resources in the process of resource distribution. First, we need construct a bipartite graph between the unavailable resources and the users who requested for these resources in the anonymous communication system; next we use Integer Linear Program to find the minimum malicious user set. We simulate the resource distribution process through computer program, we perform an experimental analysis of the method in this paper is carried out. Experimental results show that the accuracy of the method in this paper is above 80%, when the unavailable resources in the system account for no more than 50%. It is about 10% higher than Zhao's method.
2020-09-14
Wu, Pengfei, Deng, Robert, Shen, Qingni, Liu, Ximeng, Li, Qi, Wu, Zhonghai.  2019.  ObliComm: Towards Building an Efficient Oblivious Communication System. IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing. :1–1.
Anonymous Communication (AC) hides traffic patterns and protects message metadata from being leaked during message transmission. Many practical AC systems have been proposed aiming to reduce communication latency and support a large number of users. However, how to design AC systems which possess strong security property and at the same time achieve optimal performance (i.e., the lowest latency or highest horizontal scalability) has been a challenging problem. In this paper, we propose an ObliComm framework, which consists of six modular AC subroutines. We also present a strong security definition for AC, named oblivious communication, encompassing confidentiality, unobservability, and a new requirement sending-and-receiving operation hiding. The AC subroutines in ObliComm allow for modular construction of oblivious communication systems in different network topologies. All constructed systems satisfy oblivious communication definition and can be provably secure in the universal composability (UC) framework. Additionally, we model the relationship between the network topology and communication measurements by queuing theory, which enables the system's efficiency can be optimized and estimated by quantitative analysis and calculation. Through theoretical analyses and empirical experiments, we demonstrate the efficiency of our scheme and soundness of the queuing model.
2020-07-06
Lakhno, Valeriy, Kasatkin, Dmytro, Blozva, Andriy.  2019.  Modeling Cyber Security of Information Systems Smart City Based on the Theory of Games and Markov Processes. 2019 IEEE International Scientific-Practical Conference Problems of Infocommunications, Science and Technology (PIC S T). :497–501.
The article considers some aspects of modeling information security circuits for information and communication systems used in Smart City. As a basic research paradigm, the postulates of game theory and mathematical dependencies based on Markov processes were used. Thus, it is possible to sufficiently substantively describe the procedure for selecting rational variants of cyber security systems used to protect information technologies in Smart City. At the same time, using the model proposed by us, we can calculate the probability of cyber threats for the Smart City systems, as well as the cybernetic risks of diverse threats. Further, on the basis of the described indicators, rational contour options are chosen to protect the information systems used in Smart City.
2020-06-26
Pandey, Jai Gopal, Mitharwal, Chhavi, Karmakar, Abhijit.  2019.  An RNS Implementation of the Elliptic Curve Cryptography for IoT Security. 2019 First IEEE International Conference on Trust, Privacy and Security in Intelligent Systems and Applications (TPS-ISA). :66—72.

Public key cryptography plays a vital role in many information and communication systems for secure data transaction, authentication, identification, digital signature, and key management purpose. Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) is a widely used public key cryptographic algorithm. In this paper, we propose a hardware-software codesign implementation of the ECC cipher. The algorithm is modelled in C language. Compute-intensive components are identified for their efficient hardware implementations. In the implementation, residue number system (RNS) with projective coordinates are utilized for performing the required arithmetic operations. To manage the hardware-software codeign in an integrated fashion Xilinx platform studio tool and Virtex-5 xc5vfx70t device based platform is utilized. An application of the implementation is demonstrated for encryption of text and its respective decryption over prime fields. The design is useful for providing an adequate level of security for IoTs.

2020-04-13
Wang, Shaoyang, Lv, Tiejun, Zhang, Xuewei.  2019.  Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning-Based User Pairing in Multi-Carrier NOMA Systems. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC Workshops). :1–6.
This paper investigates the problem of user pairing in multi-carrier non-orthogonal multiple access (MC-NOMA) systems. Firstly, the hard channel capacity and soft channel capacity are presented. The former depicts the transmission capability of the system that depends on the channel conditions, and the latter refers to the effective throughput of the system that is determined by the actual user demands. Then, two optimization problems to maximize the hard and soft channel capacities are established, respectively. Inspired by the multiagent deep reinforcement learning (MADRL) and convolutional neural network, the user paring network (UP-Net), based on the cooperative game and deep deterministic policy gradient, is designed for solving the optimization problems. Simulation results demonstrate that the performance of the designed UP-Net is comparable to that obtained from the exhaustive search method via the end-to-end low complexity method, which is superior to the common method, and corroborate that the UP-Net focuses more on the actual user demands to improve the soft channel capacity. Additionally and more importantly, the paper makes a useful exploration on the use of MADRL to solve the resource allocation problems in communication systems. Meanwhile, the design method has strong universality and can be easily extended to other issues.
2020-02-18
Quan, Guocong, Tan, Jian, Eryilmaz, Atilla.  2019.  Counterintuitive Characteristics of Optimal Distributed LRU Caching Over Unreliable Channels. IEEE INFOCOM 2019 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications. :694–702.
Least-recently-used (LRU) caching and its variants have conventionally been used as a fundamental and critical method to ensure fast and efficient data access in computer and communication systems. Emerging data-intensive applications over unreliable channels, e.g., mobile edge computing and wireless content delivery networks, have imposed new challenges in optimizing LRU caching systems in environments prone to failures. Most existing studies focus on reliable channels, e.g., on wired Web servers and within data centers, which have already yielded good insights with successful algorithms on how to reduce cache miss ratios. Surprisingly, we show that these widely held insights do not necessarily hold true for unreliable channels. We consider a single-hop multi-cache distributed system with data items being dispatched by random hashing. The objective is to achieve efficient cache organization and data placement. The former allocates the total memory space to each of the involved caches. The latter decides data routing strategies and data replication schemes. Analytically we characterize the unreliable LRU caches by explicitly deriving their asymptotic miss probabilities. Based on these results, we optimize the system design. Remarkably, these results sometimes are counterintuitive, differing from the ones obtained for reliable caches. We discover an interesting phenomenon: asymmetric cache organization is optimal even for symmetric channels. Specifically, even when channel unreliability probabilities are equal, allocating the cache spaces unequally can achieve a better performance. We also propose an explicit unequal allocation policy that outperforms the equal allocation. In addition, we prove that splitting the total cache space into separate LRU caches can achieve a lower asymptotic miss probability than resource pooling that organizes the total space in a single LRU cache. These results provide new and even counterintuitive insights that motivate novel designs for caching systems over unreliable channels. They can potentially be exploited to further improve the system performance in real practice.
2020-01-27
Kalaivani, S., Vikram, A., Gopinath, G..  2019.  An Effective Swarm Optimization Based Intrusion Detection Classifier System for Cloud Computing. 2019 5th International Conference on Advanced Computing Communication Systems (ICACCS). :185–188.
Most of the swarm optimization techniques are inspired by the characteristics as well as behaviour of flock of birds whereas Artificial Bee Colony is based on the foraging characteristics of the bees. However, certain problems which are solved by ABC do not yield desired results in-terms of performance. ABC is a new devised swarm intelligence algorithm and predominately employed for optimization of numerical problems. The main reason for the success of ABC algorithm is that it consists of feature such as fathomable and flexibility when compared to other swarm optimization algorithms and there are many possible applications of ABC. Cloud computing has their limitation in their application and functionality. The cloud computing environment experiences several security issues such as Dos attack, replay attack, flooding attack. In this paper, an effective classifier is proposed based on Artificial Bee Colony for cloud computing. It is evident in the evaluation results that the proposed classifier achieved a higher accuracy rate.
2019-11-26
Rguibi, Mohamed Amine, Moussa, Najem.  2018.  Simulating Worm Propagation in Interconnected Peer-to-Peer Networks. 2018 International Conference on Advanced Communication Technologies and Networking (CommNet). :1-7.

Peer-to-peer computing (P2P) refers to the famous technology that provides peers an equal spontaneous collaboration in the network by using appropriate information and communication systems without the need for a central server coordination. Today, the interconnection of several P2P networks has become a genuine solution for increasing system reliability, fault tolerance and resource availability. However, the existence of security threats in such networks, allows us to investigate the safety of users from P2P threats by studying the effects of competition between these interconnected networks. In this paper, we present an e-epidemic model to characterize the worm propagation in an interconnected peer-to-peer network. Here, we address this issue by introducing a model of network competition where an unprotected network is willing to partially weaken its own safety in order to more severely damage a more protected network. The unprotected network can infect all peers in the competitive networks after their non react against the passive worm propagation. Our model also evaluated the effect of an immunization strategies adopted by the protected network to resist against attacking networks. The launch time of immunization strategies in the protected network, the number of peers synapse connected to the both networks, and other effective parameters have also been investigated in this paper.

2019-02-14
Arrazola, J. M., Marwah, A., Lovitz, B., Touchette, D., Lutkenhaus, N..  2018.  Cryptographic and Non-Cryptographic Network Applications and Their Optical Implementations. 2018 IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (SUM). :9-10.
The use of quantum mechanical signals in communication opens up the opportunity to build new communication systems that accomplishes tasks that communication with classical signals structures cannot achieve. Prominent examples are Quantum Key Distribution Protocols, which allows the generation of secret keys without computational assumptions of adversaries. Over the past decade, protocols have been developed that achieve tasks that can also be accomplished with classical signals, but the quantum version of the protocol either uses less resources, or leaks less information between the involved parties. The gap between quantum and classical can be exponential in the input size of the problems. Examples are the comparison of data, the scheduling of appointments and others. Until recently, it was thought that these protocols are of mere conceptual value, but that the quantum advantage could not be realized. We changed that by developing quantum optical versions of these abstract protocols that can run with simple laser pulses, beam-splitters and detectors. [1-3] By now the first protocols have been successfully implemented [4], showing that a quantum advantage can be realized. The next step is to find and realize protocols that have a high practical value.
2018-11-14
Fayyad, S., Noll, J..  2017.  A Framework for Measurability of Security. 2017 8th International Conference on Information and Communication Systems (ICICS). :302–309.

Having an effective security level for Embedded System (ES), helps a reliable and stable operation of this system. In order to identify, if the current security level for a given ES is effective or not, we need a proactive evaluation for this security level. The evaluation of the security level for ESs is not straightforward process, things like the heterogeneity among the components of ES complicate this process. One of the productive approaches, which overcame the complexity of evaluation for Security, Privacy and Dependability (SPD) is the Multi Metrics (MM). As most of SPD evaluation approaches, the MM approach bases on the experts knowledge for the basic evaluation. Regardless of its advantages, experts evaluation has some drawbacks, which foster the need for less experts-dependent evaluation. In this paper, we propose a framework for security measurability as a part of security, privacy and dependability evaluation. The security evaluation based on Multi Metric (MM) approach as being an effective approach for evaluations, thus, we call it MM framework. The art of evaluation investigated within MM framework, based also on systematic storing and retrieving of experts knowledge. Using MM framework, the administrator of the ES could evaluate and enhance the S-level of their system, without being an expert in security.

2018-02-21
Shuo, Y., Weimin, W., Zhiwei, K., Hua, F., Yan, Z..  2017.  Smart grid data privacy protection algorithm. 2017 International Symposium on Intelligent Signal Processing and Communication Systems (ISPACS). :242–246.

Smart grid personalized service to improve the accuracy of the grid network query, along with the data security issues worthy of our thinking. How to solve the privacy problem in the smart grid, which is a challenge to the smart grid. As data in the grid becomes more and more important, better algorithms are needed to protect the data. In this paper, we first summarize the influence of k-anonymous algorithm on sensitive attributes in standard identifiers, and then analyze the improved L-diversity algorithm from the perspective of anonymous data privacy and security. Experiments show that the algorithm can protect the data in the smart grid.

2018-01-16
Zubaydi, H. D., Anbar, M., Wey, C. Y..  2017.  Review on Detection Techniques against DDoS Attacks on a Software-Defined Networking Controller. 2017 Palestinian International Conference on Information and Communication Technology (PICICT). :10–16.

The evolution of information and communication technologies has brought new challenges in managing the Internet. Software-Defined Networking (SDN) aims to provide easily configured and remotely controlled networks based on centralized control. Since SDN will be the next disruption in networking, SDN security has become a hot research topic because of its importance in communication systems. A centralized controller can become a focal point of attack, thus preventing attack in controller will be a priority. The whole network will be affected if attacker gain access to the controller. One of the attacks that affect SDN controller is DDoS attacks. This paper reviews different detection techniques that are available to prevent DDoS attacks, characteristics of these techniques and issues that may arise using these techniques.

2015-05-06
Premnath, A.P., Ju-Yeon Jo, Yoohwan Kim.  2014.  Application of NTRU Cryptographic Algorithm for SCADA Security. Information Technology: New Generations (ITNG), 2014 11th International Conference on. :341-346.

Critical Infrastructure represents the basic facilities, services and installations necessary for functioning of a community, such as water, power lines, transportation, or communication systems. Any act or practice that causes a real-time Critical Infrastructure System to impair its normal function and performance will have debilitating impact on security and economy, with direct implication on the society. SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) system is a control system which is widely used in Critical Infrastructure System to monitor and control industrial processes autonomously. As SCADA architecture relies on computers, networks, applications and programmable controllers, it is more vulnerable to security threats/attacks. Traditional SCADA communication protocols such as IEC 60870, DNP3, IEC 61850, or Modbus did not provide any security services. Newer standards such as IEC 62351 and AGA-12 offer security features to handle the attacks on SCADA system. However there are performance issues with the cryptographic solutions of these specifications when applied to SCADA systems. This research is aimed at improving the performance of SCADA security standards by employing NTRU, a faster and light-weight NTRU public key algorithm for providing end-to-end security.

2015-05-05
Chenine, M., Ullberg, J., Nordstrom, L., Wu, Y., Ericsson, G.N..  2014.  A Framework for Wide-Area Monitoring and Control Systems Interoperability and Cybersecurity Analysis. Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on. 29:633-641.

Wide-area monitoring and control (WAMC) systems are the next-generation operational-management systems for electric power systems. The main purpose of such systems is to provide high resolution real-time situational awareness in order to improve the operation of the power system by detecting and responding to fast evolving phenomenon in power systems. From an information and communication technology (ICT) perspective, the nonfunctional qualities of these systems are increasingly becoming important and there is a need to evaluate and analyze the factors that impact these nonfunctional qualities. Enterprise architecture methods, which capture properties of ICT systems in architecture models and use these models as a basis for analysis and decision making, are a promising approach to meet these challenges. This paper presents a quantitative architecture analysis method for the study of WAMC ICT architectures focusing primarily on the interoperability and cybersecurity aspects.
 

2015-05-04
Shinganjude, R.D., Theng, D.P..  2014.  Inspecting the Ways of Source Anonymity in Wireless Sensor Network. Communication Systems and Network Technologies (CSNT), 2014 Fourth International Conference on. :705-707.

Sensor networks mainly deployed to monitor and report real events, and thus it is very difficult and expensive to achieve event source anonymity for it, as sensor networks are very limited in resources. Data obscurity i.e. the source anonymity problem implies that an unauthorized observer must be unable to detect the origin of events by analyzing the network traffic; this problem has emerged as an important topic in the security of wireless sensor networks. This work inspects the different approaches carried for attaining the source anonymity in wireless sensor network, with variety of techniques based on different adversarial assumptions. The approach meeting the best result in source anonymity is proposed for further improvement in the source location privacy. The paper suggests the implementation of most prominent and effective LSB Steganography technique for the improvement.