Visible to the public Biblio

Filters: Keyword is key policy attribute based encryption  [Clear All Filters]
Shelke, Vishakha M., Kenny, John.  2018.  Data Security in cloud computing using Hierarchical CP-ABE scheme with scalability and flexibility. 2018 International Conference on Smart City and Emerging Technology (ICSCET). :1—5.

Cloud computing has a major role in the development of commercial systems. It enables companies like Microsoft, Amazon, IBM and Google to deliver their services on a large scale to its users. A cloud service provider manages cloud computing based services and applications. For any organization a cloud service provider (CSP) is an entity which works within it. So it suffers from vulnerabilities associated with organization, including internal and external attacks. So its challenge to organization to secure a cloud service provider while providing quality of service. Attribute based encryption can be used to provide data security with Key policy attribute based encryption (KP-ABE) or ciphertext policy attribute based encryption (CP-ABE). But these schemes has lack of scalability and flexibility. Hierarchical CP-ABE scheme is proposed here to provide fine grained access control. Data security is achieved using encryption, authentication and authorization mechanisms. Attribute key generation is proposed for implementing authorization of users. The proposed system is prevented by SQL Injection attack.

Tan, Syh-Yuan, Yeow, Kin-Woon, Hwang, Seong Oun.  2019.  Enhancement of a Lightweight Attribute-Based Encryption Scheme for the Internet of Things. IEEE Internet of Things Journal. 6:6384—6395.

In this paper, we present the enhancement of a lightweight key-policy attribute-based encryption (KP-ABE) scheme designed for the Internet of Things (IoT). The KP-ABE scheme was claimed to achieve ciphertext indistinguishability under chosen-plaintext attack in the selective-set model but we show that the KP-ABE scheme is insecure even in the weaker security notion, namely, one-way encryption under the same attack and model. In particular, we show that an attacker can decrypt a ciphertext which does not satisfy the policy imposed on his decryption key. Subsequently, we propose an efficient fix to the KP-ABE scheme as well as extending it to be a hierarchical KP-ABE (H-KP-ABE) scheme that can support role delegation in IoT applications. An example of applying our H-KP-ABE on an IoT-connected healthcare system is given to highlight the benefit of the delegation feature. Lastly, using the NIST curves secp192k1 and secp256k1, we benchmark the fixed (hierarchical) KP-ABE scheme on an Android phone and the result shows that the scheme is still the fastest in the literature.

Li, Qi, Ma, Jianfeng, Xiong, Jinbo, Zhang, Tao, Liu, Ximeng.  2013.  Fully Secure Decentralized Key-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption. 2013 5th International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems. :220—225.

In previous multi-authority key-policy attribute-based Encryption (KP-ABE) schemes, either a super power central authority (CA) exists, or multiple attribute authorities (AAs) must collaborate in initializing the system. In addition, those schemes are proved security in the selective model. In this paper, we propose a new fully secure decentralized KP-ABE scheme, where no CA exists and there is no cooperation between any AAs. To become an AA, a participant needs to create and publish its public parameters. All the user's private keys will be linked with his unique global identifier (GID). The proposed scheme supports any monotonic access structure which can be expressed by a linear secret sharing scheme (LSSS). We prove the full security of our scheme in the standard model. Our scheme is also secure against at most F-1 AAs corruption, where F is the number of AAs in the system. The efficiency of our scheme is almost as well as that of the underlying fully secure single-authority KP-ABE system.

Huo, Weiqian, Pei, Jisheng, Zhang, Ke, Ye, Xiaojun.  2014.  KP-ABE with Attribute Extension: Towards Functional Encryption Schemes Integration. 2014 Sixth International Symposium on Parallel Architectures, Algorithms and Programming. :230—237.

To allow fine-grained access control of sensitive data, researchers have proposed various types of functional encryption schemes, such as identity-based encryption, searchable encryption and attribute-based encryption. We observe that it is difficult to define some complex access policies in certain application scenarios by using these schemes individually. In this paper, we attempt to address this problem by proposing a functional encryption approach named Key-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption with Attribute Extension (KP-ABE-AE). In this approach, we utilize extended attributes to integrate various encryption schemes that support different access policies under a common top-level KP-ABE scheme, thus expanding the scope of access policies that can be defined. Theoretical analysis and experimental studies are conducted to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed KP-ABE-AE. We also present an optimization for a special application of KP-ABE-AE where IPE schemes are integrated with a KP-ABE scheme. The optimization results in an integrated scheme with better efficiency when compared to the existing encryption schemes that support the same scope of access policies.

Wang, Jinmiao, Lang, Bo.  2016.  An efficient KP-ABE scheme for content protection in Information-Centric Networking. 2016 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communication (ISCC). :830—837.

Media streaming has largely dominated the Internet traffic and the trend will keep increasing in the next years. To efficiently distribute the media content, Information-Centric Networking (ICN) has attracted many researchers. Since end users usually obtain content from indeterminate caches in ICN, the publisher cannot reinforce data security and access control depending on the caches. Hence, the ability of self-contained protection is important for the cached contents. Attribute-based encryption (ABE) is considered the preferred solution to achieve this goal. However, the existing ABE schemes usually have problems regarding efficiency. The exponentiation in key generation and pairing operation in decryption respectively increases linearly with the number of attributes involved, which make it costly. In this paper, we propose an efficient key-policy ABE with fast key generation and decryption (FKP-ABE). In the key generation, we get rid of exponentiation and only require multiplications/divisions for each attribute in the access policy. And in the decryption, we reduce the pairing operations to a constant number, no matter how many attributes are used. The efficiency analysis indicates that our scheme has better performance than the existing KP-ABE schemes. Finally, we present an implementation framework that incorporates the proposed FKP-ABE with the ICN architecture.

Touati, Lyes, Challal, Yacine.  2016.  Collaborative KP-ABE for cloud-based Internet of Things applications. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1—7.

KP-ABE mechanism emerges as one of the most suitable security scheme for asymmetric encryption. It has been widely used to implement access control solutions. However, due to its expensive overhead, it is difficult to consider this cryptographic scheme in resource-limited networks, such as the IoT. As the cloud has become a key infrastructural support for IoT applications, it is interesting to exploit cloud resources to perform heavy operations. In this paper, a collaborative variant of KP-ABE named C-KP-ABE for cloud-based IoT applications is proposed. Our proposal is based on the use of computing power and storage capacities of cloud servers and trusted assistant nodes to run heavy operations. A performance analysis is conducted to show the effectiveness of the proposed solution.

Touati, Lyes.  2017.  Grouping-Proofs Based Access Control Using KP-ABE for IoT Applications. 2017 IEEE Trustcom/BigDataSE/ICESS. :301—308.

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a new paradigm in which every-day objects are interconnected between each other and to the Internet. This paradigm is receiving much attention of the scientific community and it is applied in many fields. In some applications, it is useful to prove that a number of objects are simultaneously present in a group. For example, an individual might want to authorize NFC payment with his mobile only if k of his devices are present to ensure that he is the right person. This principle is known as Grouping-Proofs. However, existing Grouping-Proofs schemes are mostly designed for RFID systems and don't fulfill the IoT characteristics. In this paper, we propose a Threshold Grouping-Proofs for IoT applications. Our scheme uses the Key-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (KP-ABE) protocol to encrypt a message so that it can be decrypted only if at least k objects are simultaneously present in the same location. A security analysis and performance evaluation is conducted to show the effectiveness of our proposal solution.

Selar, G Dheeraj, Apoorva, P.  2017.  Comparative study on KP-ABE and CP-ABE algorithm for secure data retrieval in military network. 2017 International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Control (I2C2). :1—4.

In many hostile military environments for instance war zone, unfriendly nature, etc., the systems perform on the specially promoted mode and nature which they tolerate the defined system network architecture. Preparation of Disruption-Tolerant systems (DTN) enhances the network between the remote devices which provided to the soldiers in the war zone, this situation conveys the reliable data transmission under scanner. Cipher text approach are based on the attribute based encryption which mainly acts on the attributes or role of the users, which is a successful cryptographic strategy to maintain the control issues and also allow reliable data transfer. Specially, the systems are not centralized and have more data constrained issues in the systems, implementing the Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE) was an important issue, where this strategy provides the new security and data protection approach with the help of the Key Revocation, Key Escrows and collaboration of the certain attributes with help of main Key Authorities. This paper mainly concentrates on the reliable data retrieval system with the help of CP-ABE for the Disruption-Tolerant Networks where multiple key authorities deal with respective attributes safely and securely. We performed comparison analysis on existing schemes with the recommended system components which are configured in the respective decentralized tolerant military system for reliable data retrieval.

Si, Xiaolin, Wang, Pengpian, Zhang, Liwu.  2013.  KP-ABE Based Verifiable Cloud Access Control Scheme. 2013 12th IEEE International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications. :34—41.

With the rapid development of mobile internet, mobile devices are requiring more complex authorization policy to ensure an secure access control on mobile data. However mobiles have limited resources (computing, storage, etc.) and are not suitable to execute complex operations. Cloud computing is an increasingly popular paradigm for accessing powerful computing resources. Intuitively we can solve that problem by moving the complex access control process to the cloud and implement a fine-grained access control relying on the powerful cloud. However the cloud computation may not be trusted, a crucial problem is how to verify the correctness of such computations. In this paper, we proposed a public verifiable cloud access control scheme based on Parno's public verifiable computation protocol. For the first time, we proposed the conception and concrete construction of verifiable cloud access control. Specifically, we firstly design a user private key revocable Key Policy Attribute Based Encryption (KP-ABE) scheme with non-monotonic access structure, which can be combined with the XACML policy perfectly. Secondly we convert the XACML policy into the access structure of KP-ABE. Finally we construct a security provable public verifiable cloud access control scheme based on the KP-ABE scheme we designed.

Zhang, Leyou, Liang, Pengfei, Mu, Yi.  2018.  Improving Privacy-Preserving and Security for Decentralized Key-Policy Attributed-Based Encryption. IEEE Access. 6:12736—12745.
Decentralized attribute-based encryption (ABE) is an efficient and flexible multi-authority attribute-based encryption system, since it does not requires the central authority and does not need to cooperate among the authorities for creating public parameters. Unfortunately, recent works show that the reality of the privacy preserving and security in almost well-known decentralized key policy ABE (KP-ABE) schemes are doubtful. How to construct a decentralized KP-ABE with the privacy-preserving and user collusion avoidance is still a challenging problem. Most recently, Y. Rahulamathavam et al. proposed a decentralized KP ABE scheme to try avoiding user collusion and preserving the user's privacy. However, we exploit the vulnerability of their scheme in this paper at first and present a collusion attack on their decentralized KP-ABE scheme. The attack shows the user collusion cannot be avoided. Subsequently, a new privacy-preserving decentralized KP-ABE is proposed. The proposed scheme avoids the linear attacks at present and achieves the user collusion avoidance. We also show that the security of the proposed scheme is reduced to decisional bilinear Diffie-Hellman assumption. Finally, numerical experiments demonstrate the efficiency and validity of the proposed scheme.