Visible to the public Biblio

Filters: Keyword is Oscillators  [Clear All Filters]
2021-01-22
Zaher, A. A., Hussain, G. Amjad.  2019.  Chaos-based Cryptography for Transmitting Multimedia Data over Public Channels. 2019 7th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology (CoICT). :1–6.

This paper explores using chaos-based cryptography for transmitting multimedia data, mainly speech and voice messages, over public communication channels, such as the internet. The secret message to be transmitted is first converted into a one-dimensional time series, that can be cast in a digital/binary format. The main feature of the proposed technique is mapping the two levels of every corresponding bit of the time series into different multiple chaotic orbits, using a simple encryption function. This one-to-many mapping robustifies the encryption technique and makes it resilient to crypto-analysis methods that rely on associating the energy level of the signal into two binary levels, using return map attacks. A chaotic nonautonomous Duffing oscillator is chosen to implement the suggested technique, using three different parameters that are assumed unknown at the receiver side. Synchronization between the transmitter and the receiver and reconstructing the secret message, at the receiver side, is done using a Lyapunov-based adaptive technique. Achieving stable operation, tuning the required control gains, as well as effective utilization of the bandwidth of the public communication channel are investigated. Two different case studies are presented; the first one deals with text that can be expressed as 8-bit ASCII code, while the second one corresponds to an analog acoustic signal that corresponds to the voice associated with pronouncing a short sentence. Advantages and limitation of the proposed technique are highlighted, while suggesting extensions to other multimedia signals, along with their required additional computational effort.

2021-01-18
Ergün, S., Tanrıseven, S..  2020.  Random Number Generator Based on Skew-tent Map and Chaotic Sampling. 2020 IEEE Asia Pacific Conference on Circuits and Systems (APCCAS). :224–227.
In this paper a novel random number generator is introduced and it is based on the Skew-tent discrete-time chaotic map. The RNG presented in this paper is made using the discrete-time chaotic map and chaotic sampling of regular waveform method together to increase the throughput and statistical quality of the output sequence. An explanation of the arithmetic model for the proposed design is given in this paper with an algebra confirmation for the generated bit stream that shows how it passes the primary four tests of the FIPS-140-2 test suit successfully. Finally the bit stream resulting from the hardware implementation of the circuit in a similar method has been confirmed to pass all NIST-800-22 test with no post processing. A presentation of the experimentally obtained results is given therefor proving the the circuit’s usefulness. The proposed RNG can be built with the integrated circuit.
2020-12-02
Tsurumi, R., Morita, M., Obata, H., Takano, C., Ishida, K..  2018.  Throughput Control Method Between Different TCP Variants Based on SP-MAC Over WLAN. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics-Taiwan (ICCE-TW). :1—2.

We have proposed the Media Access Control method based on the Synchronization Phenomena of coupled oscillators (SP-MAC) to improve a total throughput of wireless terminals connected to a Access Point. SP-MAC can avoid the collision of data frames that occur by applying Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA) based on IEEE 802.11 in Wireless local area networks (WLAN). Furthermore, a new throughput guarantee control method based on SP-MAC has been proposed. This method enable each terminal not only to avoid the collision of frames but also to obtain the requested throughput by adjusting the parameters of SP-MAC. In this paper, we propose a new throughput control method that realizes the fairness among groups of terminals that use the different TCP versions, by taking the advantage of our method that is able to change acquired throughput by adjusting parameters. Moreover, we confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method by the simulation evaluation.

2020-11-30
Pan, T., Xu, C., Lv, J., Shi, Q., Li, Q., Jia, C., Huang, T., Lin, X..  2019.  LD-ICN: Towards Latency Deterministic Information-Centric Networking. 2019 IEEE 21st International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communications; IEEE 17th International Conference on Smart City; IEEE 5th International Conference on Data Science and Systems (HPCC/SmartCity/DSS). :973–980.
Deterministic latency is the key challenge that must be addressed in numerous 5G applications such as AR/VR. However, it is difficult to make customized end-to-end resource reservation across multiple ISPs using IP-based QoS mechanisms. Information-Centric Networking (ICN) provides scalable and efficient content distribution at the Internet scale due to its in-network caching and native multicast capabilities, and the deterministic latency can promisingly be guaranteed by caching the relevant content objects in appropriate locations. Existing proposals formulate the ICN cache placement problem into numerous theoretical models. However, the underlying mechanisms to support such cache coordination are not discussed in detail. Especially, how to efficiently make cache reservation, how to avoid route oscillation when content cache is updated and how to conduct the real-time latency measurement? In this work, we propose Latency Deterministic Information-Centric Networking (LD-ICN). LD-ICN relies on source routing-based latency telemetry and leverages an on-path caching technique to avoid frequent route oscillation while still achieve the optimal cache placement under the SDN architecture. Extensive evaluation shows that under LD-ICN, 90.04% of the content requests are satisfied within the hard latency requirements.
2020-11-20
Zhu, S., Chen, H., Xi, W., Chen, M., Fan, L., Feng, D..  2019.  A Worst-Case Entropy Estimation of Oscillator-Based Entropy Sources: When the Adversaries Have Access to the History Outputs. 2019 18th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/13th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :152—159.
Entropy sources are designed to provide unpredictable random numbers for cryptographic systems. As an assessment of the sources, Shannon entropy is usually adopted to quantitatively measure the unpredictability of the outputs. In several related works about the entropy evaluation of ring oscillator-based (RO-based) entropy sources, authors evaluated the unpredictability with the average conditional Shannon entropy (ACE) of the source, moreover provided a lower bound of the ACE (LBoACE). However, in this paper, we have demonstrated that when the adversaries have access to the history outputs of the entropy source, for example, by some intrusive attacks, the LBoACE may overestimate the actual unpredictability of the next output for the adversaries. In this situation, we suggest to adopt the specific conditional Shannon entropy (SCE) which exactly measures the unpredictability of the future output with the knowledge of previous output sequences and so is more consistent with the reality than the ACE. In particular, to be conservative, we propose to take the lower bound of the SCE (LBoSCE) as an estimation of the worst-case entropy of the sources. We put forward a detailed method to estimate this worst-case entropy of RO-based entropy sources, which we have also verified by experiment on an FPGA device. We recommend to adopt this method to provide a conservative assessment of the unpredictability when the entropy source works in a vulnerable environment and the adversaries might obtain the previous outputs.
2020-11-09
Hazari, N. A., Alsulami, F., Niamat, M..  2018.  FPGA IP Obfuscation Using Ring Oscillator Physical Unclonable Function. NAECON 2018 - IEEE National Aerospace and Electronics Conference. :105–108.
IP piracy, reverse engineering, and tampering with FPGA based IP is increasing over time. ROPUF based IP obfuscation can provide a feasible solution. In this paper, a novel approach of FPGA IP obfuscation is implemented using Ring Oscillator based Physical Unclonable Function (ROPUF) and random logic gates. This approach provides a lock and key mechanism as well as authentication of FPGA based designs to protect from security threats. Using the Xilinx ISE design tools and ISCAS 89 benchmarks we have designed a secure FPGA based IP protection scheme with an average of 15% area and 10% of power overhead.
2020-04-24
Bahman Soltani, Hooman, Abiri, Habibollah.  2018.  Criteria for Determining Maximum Theoretical Oscillating Frequency of Extended Interaction Oscillators for Terahertz Applications. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices. 65:1564—1571.

Extended interaction oscillators (EIOs) are high-frequency vacuum-electronic sources, capable to generate millimeter-wave to terahertz (THz) radiations. They are considered to be potential sources of high-power submillimeter wavelengths. Different slow-wave structures and beam geometries are used for EIOs. This paper presents a quantitative figure of merit, the critical unloaded oscillating frequency (fcr) for any specific geometry of EIO. This figure is calculated and tested for 2π standing-wave modes (a common mode for EIOs) of two different slowwave structures (SWSs), one double-ridge SWS driven by a sheet electron beam and one ring-loaded waveguide driven by a cylindrical beam. The calculated fcrs are compared with particle-in-cell (PIC) results, showing an acceptable agreement. The derived fcr is calculated three to four orders of magnitude faster than the PIC solver. Generality of the method, its clear physical interpretation and computational rapidity, makes it a convenient approach to evaluate the high-frequency behavior of any specified EIO geometry. This allows to investigate the changes in geometry to attain higher frequencies at THz spectrum.

Makhoul, Rawad, Maynard, Xavier, Perichon, Pierre, Frey, David, Jeannin, Pierre-Olivier, Lembeye, Yves.  2018.  A Novel Self Oscillating Class Phi2 Inverter Topology. 2018 2nd European Conference on Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS). :7—10.

The class φ2 is a single transistor, fast transient inverter topology often associated with power conversion at very high frequency (VHF: 30MHz-300MHz). At VHF, gate drivers available on the market fail to provide the adequate transistor switching signal. Hence, there is a need for new power topologies that do no make use of gate drivers but are still suitable for power conversion at VHF. In This paper, we introduce a new class φ;2 topology that incorporates an oscillator, which takes the drain signal through a feedback circuit in order to force the transistor switching. A design methodology is provided and a 1MHz 20V input prototype is built in order to validate the topology behaviour.

Balijabudda, Venkata Sreekanth, Thapar, Dhruv, Santikellur, Pranesh, Chakraborty, Rajat Subhra, Chakrabarti, Indrajit.  2019.  Design of a Chaotic Oscillator based Model Building Attack Resistant Arbiter PUF. 2019 Asian Hardware Oriented Security and Trust Symposium (AsianHOST). :1—6.

Physical Unclonable Functions (PUFs) are vulnerable to various modelling attacks. The chaotic behaviour of oscillating systems can be leveraged to improve their security against these attacks. We have integrated an Arbiter PUF implemented on a FPGA with Chua's oscillator circuit to obtain robust final responses. These responses are tested against conventional Machine Learning and Deep Learning attacks for verifying security of the design. It has been found that such a design is robust with prediction accuracy of nearly 50%. Moreover, the quality of the PUF architecture is evaluated for uniformity and uniqueness metrics and Monte Carlo analysis at varying temperatures is performed for determining reliability.

Bertram, Jon, Tanwear, Asfand, Rodriguez, Aurelio, Paterson, Gary, McVitie, Stephen, Heidari, Hadi.  2019.  Spin-Hall Nano-Oscillator Simulations. 2019 IEEE SENSORS. :1—4.

A spin-Hall nano-oscillator (SHNO) is a type of spintronic oscillator that shows promising performance as a nanoscale microwave source and for neuromorphic computing applications. Within such nanodevices, a non-ferromagnetic layer in the presence of an external magnetic field and a DC bias current generates an oscillating microwave voltage. For developing optimal nano-oscillators, accurate simulations of the device's complex behaviour are required before fabrication. This work simulates the key behaviour of a nanoconstriction SHNO as the applied DC bias current is varied. The current density and Oersted field of the device have been presented, the magnetisation oscillations have been clearly visualised in three dimensions and the spatial distribution of the active mode determined. These simulations allow designers a greater understanding and characterisation of the device's behaviour while also providing a means of comparison when experimental resultsO are generated.

Bellec, Q., le Claire, J.C., Benkhoris, M.F., Coulibaly, P..  2019.  Investigation of time delay effects on the current in a power converter regulated by Phase-Shift Self-Oscillating Current Controller. 2019 21st European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE '19 ECCE Europe). :P.1–P.10.

This paper deals with effects of current sensor bandwidth and time delays in a system controlled by a Phase-Shift Self-Oscillating Current Controller (PSSOCC). The robustness of this current controller has been proved in former works showing its good performances in a large range of applications including AC/DC and DC/AC converters, power factor correction, active filters, isolation amplifiers and motor control. As switching frequencies can be upper than 30kHz, time delays and bandwidth limitations cannot be neglected in comparison with former works on this robust current controller. Thus, several models are proposed in this paper to analyze system behaviours. Those models permit to find analytical expressions binding maximum oscillation frequency with time delay and/or additional filter parameters. Through current spectrums analysis, quality of analytical expressions is proved for each model presented in this work. An experimental approach shows that every element of the electronic board having a low-pass effect or delaying command signals need to be included in the model in order to have a perfect match between calculations, simulations and practical results.

2019-11-25
Zaher, Ashraf A., Amjad Hussain, G..  2019.  Chaos-based Cryptography for Transmitting Multimedia Data over Public Channels. 2019 7th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology (ICoICT). :1–6.

This paper explores using chaos-based cryptography for transmitting multimedia data, mainly speech and voice messages, over public communication channels, such as the internet. The secret message to be transmitted is first converted into a one-dimensional time series, that can be cast in a digital/binary format. The main feature of the proposed technique is mapping the two levels of every corresponding bit of the time series into different multiple chaotic orbits, using a simple encryption function. This one-to-many mapping robustifies the encryption technique and makes it resilient to crypto-analysis methods that rely on associating the energy level of the signal into two binary levels, using return map attacks. A chaotic nonautonomous Duffing oscillator is chosen to implement the suggested technique, using three different parameters that are assumed unknown at the receiver side. Synchronization between the transmitter and the receiver and reconstructing the secret message, at the receiver side, is done using a Lyapunov-based adaptive technique. Achieving stable operation, tuning the required control gains, as well as effective utilization of the bandwidth of the public communication channel are investigated. Two different case studies are presented; the first one deals with text that can be expressed as 8-bit ASCII code, while the second one corresponds to an analog acoustic signal that corresponds to the voice associated with pronouncing a short sentence. Advantages and limitation of the proposed technique are highlighted, while suggesting extensions to other multimedia signals, along with their required additional computational effort.

2018-06-11
Coustans, M., Terrier, C., Eberhardt, T., Salgado, S., Cherkaoui, A., Fesquet, L..  2017.  A subthreshold 30pJ/bit self-timed ring based true random number generator for internet of everything. 2017 IEEE SOI-3D-Subthreshold Microelectronics Technology Unified Conference (S3S). :1–3.

This paper presents a true random number generator that exploits the subthreshold properties of jitter of events propagating in a self-timed ring and jitter of events propagating in an inverter based ring oscillator. Design was implemented in 180nm CMOS flash process. Devices provide high quality random bit sequences passing FIPS 140-2 and NIST SP 800-22 statistical tests which guaranty uniform distribution and unpredictability thanks to the physics based entropy source.

2018-05-24
Rajagopalan, S., Rethinam, S., Deepika, A. N., Priyadarshini, A., Jyothirmai, M., Rengarajan, A..  2017.  Design of Boolean Chaotic Oscillator Using CMOS Technology for True Random Number Generation. 2017 International Conference on Microelectronic Devices, Circuits and Systems (ICMDCS). :1–6.

True random numbers have a fair role in modern digital transactions. In order to achieve secured authentication, true random numbers are generated as security keys which are highly unpredictable and non-repetitive. True random number generators are used mainly in the field of cryptography to generate random cryptographic keys for secure data transmission. The proposed work aims at the generation of true random numbers based on CMOS Boolean Chaotic Oscillator. As a part of this work, ASIC approach of CMOS Boolean Chaotic Oscillator is modelled and simulated using Cadence Virtuoso tool based on 45nm CMOS technology. Besides, prototype model has been implemented with circuit components and analysed using NI ELVIS platform. The strength of the generated random numbers was ensured by NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) Test Suite and ASIC approach was validated through various parameters by performing various analyses such as frequency, delay and power.

2018-02-21
Li, T., Wu, L., Zhang, X., Wu, X., Zhou, J., Wang, X..  2017.  A novel transition effect ring oscillator based true random number generator for a security SoC. 2017 International Conference on Electron Devices and Solid-State Circuits (EDSSC). :1–2.

The transition effect ring oscillator (TERO) based true random number generator (TRNG) was proposed by Varchola and Drutarovsky in 2010. There were several stochastic models for this advanced TRNG based on ring oscillator. This paper proposed an improved TERO based TRNG and implements both on Altera Cyclone series FPGA platform and on a 0.13um CMOS ASIC process. FPGA experimental results show that this balanced TERO TRNG is in good performance as the experimental data results past the national institute of standards and technology (NIST) test in 1M bit/s. The TRNG is feasible for a security SoC.

2018-01-23
Zhmud, V., Dimitrov, L., Taichenachev, A..  2017.  Model study of automatic and automated control of hysteretic object. 2017 International Siberian Conference on Control and Communications (SIBCON). :1–5.

This paper presents the results of research and simulation of feature automated control of a hysteretic object and the difference between automated control and automatic control. The main feature of automatic control is in the fact that the control loop contains human being as a regulator with its limited response speed. The human reaction can be described as integrating link. The hysteretic object characteristic is switching from one state to another. This is followed by a transient process from one to another characteristic. For this reason, it is very difficult to keep the object in a desired state. Automatic operation ensures fast switching of the feedback signal that produces such a mode, which in many ways is similar to the sliding mode. In the sliding mode control signal abruptly switches from maximum to minimum and vice versa. The average value provides the necessary action to the object. Theoretical analysis and simulation show that the use of the maximum value of the control signal is not required. It is sufficient that the switching oscillation amplitude is such that the output signal varies with the movement of the object along both branches with hysteretic characteristics in the fastest cycle. The average output value in this case corresponds to the prescribed value of the control task. With automated control, the human response can be approximately modeled by integrating regulator. In this case the amplitude fluctuation could be excessively high and the frequency could be excessively low. The simulation showed that creating an artificial additional fluctuation in the control signal makes possible to provide a reduction in the amplitude and the resulting increase in the frequency of oscillation near to the prescribed value. This should be evaluated as a way to improve the quality of automated control with the helps of human being. The paper presents some practical examples of the examined method.

Abtioglu, E., Yeniçeri, R., Gövem, B., Göncü, E., Yalçin, M. E., Saldamli, G..  2017.  Partially Reconfigurable IP Protection System with Ring Oscillator Based Physically Unclonable Functions. 2017 New Generation of CAS (NGCAS). :65–68.

The size of counterfeiting activities is increasing day by day. These activities are encountered especially in electronics market. In this paper, a countermeasure against counterfeiting on intellectual properties (IP) on Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) is proposed. FPGA vendors provide bitstream ciphering as an IP security solution such as battery-backed or non-volatile FPGAs. However, these solutions are secure as long as they can keep decryption key away from third parties. Key storage and key transfer over unsecure channels expose risks for these solutions. In this work, physical unclonable functions (PUFs) have been used for key generation. Generating a key from a circuit in the device solves key transfer problem. Proposed system goes through different phases when it operates. Therefore, partial reconfiguration feature of FPGAs is essential for feasibility of proposed system.

2017-12-20
Adiyatullin, A. F., Anderson, M. D., Flayac, H., Portella-Oberli, M. T., Jabeen, F., Ouellet-Plamondon, C., Sallen, G. C., Deveaud, B..  2017.  Periodic squeezing in a polariton Josephson junction. 2017 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe European Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-EQEC). :1–1.

Microcavity polaritons are a hybrid photonic system that arises from the strong coupling of confined photons to quantum-well excitons. Due to their light-matter nature, polaritons possess a Kerr-like nonlinearity while being easily accessible by standard optical means. The ability to engineer confinement potentials in microcavities makes polaritons a very convenient system to study spatially localized bosonic populations, which might have great potential for the creation of novel photonic devices. Careful engineering of this system is predicted to induce Gaussian squeezing, a phenomenon that lies at a heart of the so-called unconventional photon blockade associated with single photon emission. This paper reveals a manifestation of the predicted squeezing by measuring the ultrafast time-dependent second-order correlation function g(2)(0) by means of a streak-camera acting as a single photon detector. The light emitted by the microcavity oscillates between Poissonian and super-Poissonian in phase with the Josephson dynamics. This behavior is remarkably well explained by quantum simulations, which predict such dynamical evolution of the squeezing parameters. The paper shows that a crucial prerequisite for squeezing is presence of a weak, but non-zero nonlinearity. Results open the way towards generation of nonclassical light in solid-state systems possessing a single particle nonlinearity like microwave Josephson junctions or silicon-on-chip resonators.

2017-03-08
Yan, Y., Bao, W., Zhang, H., Liu, B., Xin, L..  2015.  Study of the disturbance propagation in the discrete model of power networks. 2015 5th International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies (DRPT). :2436–2441.

The study of the characteristics of disturbance propagation in the interconnected power networks is of great importance to control the spreading of disturbance and improve the security level of power systems. In this paper, the characteristics of disturbance propagation in a one-dimensional chained power network are studied from the electromechanical wave point of view. The electromechanical wave equation is built based on the discrete inertia model of power networks. The wave transfer function which can describe the variations of amplitude and the phase is derived. Then, the propagation characteristics of different frequency disturbances are analyzed. The corner frequency of the discrete inertia model is proposed. Furthermore, the frequency dispersion and local oscillation are considered and their relationships with the corner frequency are revealed as well. Computer simulations for a 50 generators chained network are carried out to verify the propagation characteristics of disturbances with different frequencies.

2015-05-06
Béraud-Sudreau, Q., Begueret, J.-B., Mazouffre, O., Pignol, M., Baguena, L., Neveu, C., Deval, Y., Taris, T..  2014.  SiGe Clock and Data Recovery System Based on Injection-Locked Oscillator for 100 Gbit/s Serial Data Link. Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of. 49:1895-1904.

Clock and data recovery (CDR) systems are the first logic blocks in serial data receivers and the latter's performance depends on the CDR. In this paper, a 100 Gbit/s CDR designed in 130 nm BiCMOS SiGe is presented. The CDR uses an injection locked oscillator (ILO) which delivers the 100 GHz clock. The inherent phase shift between the recovered clock and the incoming data is compensated by a feedback loop which performs phase and frequency tracking. Furthermore, a windowed phase comparator has been used, first to lower the classical number of gates, in order to prevent any delay skews between the different phase detector blocks, then to decrease the phase comparator operating frequency, and furthermore to extend the ability to track zero bit patterns The measurements results demonstrate a 100 GHz clock signal extracted from 50 Gb/s input data, with a phase noise as low as 98 dBc/Hz at 100 kHz offset from the carrier frequency. The rms jitter of the 25 GHz recovered data is only 1.2 ps. The power consumption is 1.4 W under 2.3 V power supply.
 

2015-05-04
Cherkaoui, A., Bossuet, L., Seitz, L., Selander, G., Borgaonkar, R..  2014.  New paradigms for access control in constrained environments. Reconfigurable and Communication-Centric Systems-on-Chip (ReCoSoC), 2014 9th International Symposium on. :1-4.

The Internet of Things (IoT) is here, more than 10 billion units are already connected and five times more devices are expected to be deployed in the next five years. Technological standarization and the management and fostering of rapid innovation by governments are among the main challenges of the IoT. However, security and privacy are the key to make the IoT reliable and trusted. Security mechanisms for the IoT should provide features such as scalability, interoperability and lightness. This paper addresses authentication and access control in the frame of the IoT. It presents Physical Unclonable Functions (PUF), which can provide cheap, secure, tamper-proof secret keys to authentify constrained M2M devices. To be successfully used in the IoT context, this technology needs to be embedded in a standardized identity and access management framework. On the other hand, Embedded Subscriber Identity Module (eSIM) can provide cellular connectivity with scalability, interoperability and standard compliant security protocols. The paper discusses an authorization scheme for a constrained resource server taking advantage of PUF and eSIM features. Concrete IoT uses cases are discussed (SCADA and building automation).