Visible to the public Biblio

Filters: Keyword is Workstations  [Clear All Filters]
2021-05-25
Ahmedova, Oydin, Mardiyev, Ulugbek, Tursunov, Otabek.  2020.  Generation and Distribution Secret Encryption Keys with Parameter. 2020 International Conference on Information Science and Communications Technologies (ICISCT). :1—4.
This article describes a new way to generate and distribute secret encryption keys, in which the processes of generating a public key and formicating a secret encryption key are performed in algebra with a parameter, the secrecy of which provides increased durability of the key.
2021-03-30
Ashiku, L., Dagli, C..  2020.  Agent Based Cybersecurity Model for Business Entity Risk Assessment. 2020 IEEE International Symposium on Systems Engineering (ISSE). :1—6.

Computer networks and surging advancements of innovative information technology construct a critical infrastructure for network transactions of business entities. Information exchange and data access though such infrastructure is scrutinized by adversaries for vulnerabilities that lead to cyber-attacks. This paper presents an agent-based system modelling to conceptualize and extract explicit and latent structure of the complex enterprise systems as well as human interactions within the system to determine common vulnerabilities of the entity. The model captures emergent behavior resulting from interactions of multiple network agents including the number of workstations, regular, administrator and third-party users, external and internal attacks, defense mechanisms for the network setting, and many other parameters. A risk-based approach to modelling cybersecurity of a business entity is utilized to derive the rate of attacks. A neural network model will generalize the type of attack based on network traffic features allowing dynamic state changes. Rules of engagement to generate self-organizing behavior will be leveraged to appoint a defense mechanism suitable for the attack-state of the model. The effectiveness of the model will be depicted by time-state chart that shows the number of affected assets for the different types of attacks triggered by the entity risk and the time it takes to revert into normal state. The model will also associate a relevant cost per incident occurrence that derives the need for enhancement of security solutions.

2021-01-25
More, S., Jamadar, I., Kazi, F..  2020.  Security Visualization and Active Querying for OT Network. :1—6.

Traditionally Industrial Control System(ICS) used air-gap mechanism to protect Operational Technology (OT) networks from cyber-attacks. As internet is evolving and so are business models, customer supplier relationships and their needs are changing. Hence lot of ICS are now connected to internet by providing levels of defense strategies in between OT network and business network to overcome the traditional mechanism of air-gap. This upgrade made OT networks available and accessible through internet. OT networks involve number of physical objects and computer networks. Physical damages to system have become rare but the number of cyber-attacks occurring are evidently increasing. To tackle cyber-attacks, we have a number of measures in place like Firewalls, Intrusion Detection System (IDS) and Intrusion Prevention System (IPS). To ensure no attack on or suspicious behavior within network takes place, we can use visual aids like creating dashboards which are able to flag any such activity and create visual alert about same. This paper describes creation of parser object to convert Common Event Format(CEF) to Comma Separated Values(CSV) format and dashboard to extract maximum amount of data and analyze network behavior. And working of active querying by leveraging packet level data from network to analyze network inclusion in real-time. The mentioned methodology is verified on data collected from Waste Water Treatment Plant and results are presented.,} booktitle = {2020 11th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT)

2020-12-14
Lee, M.-F. R., Chien, T.-W..  2020.  Artificial Intelligence and Internet of Things for Robotic Disaster Response. 2020 International Conference on Advanced Robotics and Intelligent Systems (ARIS). :1–6.
After the Fukushima nuclear disaster and the Wenchuan earthquake, the relevant government agencies recognized the urgency of disaster-straining robots. There are many natural or man-made disasters in Taiwan, and it is usually impossible to dispatch relevant personnel to search or explore immediately. The project proposes to use the architecture of Intelligent Internet of Things (AIoT) (Artificial Intelligence + Internet of Things) to coordinate with ground, surface and aerial and underwater robots, and apply them to disaster response, ground, surface and aerial and underwater swarm robots to collect environmental big data from the disaster site, and then through the Internet of Things. From the field workstation to the cloud for “training” deep learning model and “model verification”, the trained deep learning model is transmitted to the field workstation via the Internet of Things, and then transmitted to the ground, surface and aerial and underwater swarm robots for on-site continuing objects classification. Continuously verify the “identification” with the environment and make the best decisions for the response. The related tasks include monitoring, search and rescue of the target.
2020-11-16
Ullah, S., Shetty, S., Hassanzadeh, A..  2018.  Towards Modeling Attacker’s Opportunity for Improving Cyber Resilience in Energy Delivery Systems. 2018 Resilience Week (RWS). :100–107.
Cyber resiliency of Energy Delivery Systems (EDS) is critical for secure and resilient cyber infrastructure. Defense-in-depth architecture forces attackers to conduct lateral propagation until the target is compromised. Researchers developed techniques based on graph spectral matrices to model lateral propagation. However, these techniques ignore host criticality which is critical in EDS. In this paper, we model attacker's opportunity by developing three criticality metrics for each host along the path to the target. The first metric refers the opportunity of attackers before they penetrate the infrastructure. The second metric measure the opportunity a host provides by allowing attackers to propagate through the network. Along with vulnerability we also take into account the attributes of hosts and links within each path. Then, we derive third criticality metric to reflect the information flow dependency from each host to target. Finally, we provide system design for instantiating the proposed metrics for real network scenarios in EDS. We present simulation results which illustrates the effectiveness of the metrics for efficient defense deployment in EDS cyber infrastructure.
2020-08-03
Parmar, Manisha, Domingo, Alberto.  2019.  On the Use of Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) in Support of Developing the Commander's Understanding of the Adversary. MILCOM 2019 - 2019 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM). :1–6.
Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) is a rapidly developing field which has evolved in direct response to exponential growth in cyber related crimes and attacks. CTI supports Communication and Information System (CIS)Security in order to bolster defenses and aids in the development of threat models that inform an organization's decision making process. In a military organization like NATO, CTI additionally supports Cyberspace Operations by providing the Commander with essential intelligence about the adversary, their capabilities and objectives while operating in and through cyberspace. There have been many contributions to the CTI field; a noteworthy contribution is the ATT&CK® framework by the Mitre Corporation. ATT&CK® contains a comprehensive list of adversary tactics and techniques linked to custom or publicly known Advanced Persistent Threats (APT) which aids an analyst in the characterization of Indicators of Compromise (IOCs). The ATT&CK® framework also demonstrates possibility of supporting an organization with linking observed tactics and techniques to specific APT behavior, which may assist with adversary characterization and identification, necessary steps towards attribution. The NATO Allied Command Transformation (ACT) and the NATO Communication and Information Agency (NCI Agency) have been experimenting with the use of deception techniques (including decoys) to increase the collection of adversary related data. The collected data is mapped to the tactics and techniques described in the ATT&CK® framework, in order to derive evidence to support adversary characterization; this intelligence is pivotal for the Commander to support mission planning and determine the best possible multi-domain courses of action. This paper describes the approach, methodology, outcomes and next steps for the conducted experiments.
2019-05-01
Rayavel, P., Rathnavel, P., Bharathi, M., Kumar, T. Siva.  2018.  Dynamic Traffic Control System Using Edge Detection Algorithm. 2018 International Conference on Soft-Computing and Network Security (ICSNS). :1-5.

As the traffic congestion increases on the transport network, Payable on the road to slower speeds, longer falter times, as a consequence bigger vehicular queuing, it's necessary to introduce smart way to reduce traffic. We are already edging closer to ``smart city-smart travel''. Today, a large number of smart phone applications and connected sat-naves will help get you to your destination in the quickest and easiest manner possible due to real-time data and communication from a host of sources. In present situation, traffic lights are used in each phase. The other way is to use electronic sensors and magnetic coils that detect the congestion frequency and monitor traffic, but found to be more expensive. Hence we propose a traffic control system using image processing techniques like edge detection. The vehicles will be detected using images instead of sensors. The cameras are installed alongside of the road and it will capture image sequence for every 40 seconds. The digital image processing techniques will be applied to analyse and process the image and according to that the traffic signal lights will be controlled.

2019-03-15
Nicho, M., Khan, S. N..  2018.  A Decision Matrix Model to Identify and Evaluate APT Vulnerabilities at the User Plane. 2018 41st International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics (MIPRO). :1155-1160.

While advances in cyber-security defensive mechanisms have substantially prevented malware from penetrating into organizational Information Systems (IS) networks, organizational users have found themselves vulnerable to threats emanating from Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) vectors, mostly in the form of spear phishing. In this respect, the question of how an organizational user can differentiate between a genuine communication and a similar looking fraudulent communication in an email/APT threat vector remains a dilemma. Therefore, identifying and evaluating the APT vector attributes and assigning relative weights to them can assist the user to make a correct decision when confronted with a scenario that may be genuine or a malicious APT vector. In this respect, we propose an APT Decision Matrix model which can be used as a lens to build multiple APT threat vector scenarios to identify threat attributes and their weights, which can lead to systems compromise.

2019-03-04
[Anonymous].  2018.  A Systems Approach to Indicators of Compromise Utilizing Graph Theory. 2018 IEEE International Symposium on Technologies for Homeland Security (HST). :1–6.
It is common to record indicators of compromise (IoC) in order to describe a particular breach and to attempt to attribute a breach to a specific threat actor. However, many network security breaches actually involve multiple diverse modalities using a variety of attack vectors. Measuring and recording IoC's in isolation does not provide an accurate view of the actual incident, and thus does not facilitate attribution. A system's approach that describes the entire intrusion as an IoC would be more effective. Graph theory has been utilized to model complex systems of varying types and this provides a mathematical tool for modeling systems indicators of compromise. This current paper describes the applications of graph theory to creating systems-based indicators of compromise. A complete methodology is presented for developing systems IoC's that fully describe a complex network intrusion.
2019-01-16
Khan, F., Quweider, M., Torres, M., Goldsmith, C., Lei, H., Zhang, L..  2018.  Block Level Streaming Based Alternative Approach for Serving a Large Number of Workstations Securely and Uniformly. 2018 1st International Conference on Data Intelligence and Security (ICDIS). :92–98.
There are different traditional approaches to handling a large number of computers or workstations in a campus setting, ranging from imaging to virtualized environments. The common factor among the traditional approaches is to have a user workstation with a local hard drive (nonvolatile storage), scratchpad volatile memory, a CPU (Central Processing Unit) and connectivity to access resources on the network. This paper presents the use of block streaming, normally used for storage, to serve operating system and applications on-demand over the network to a workstation, also referred to as a client, a client computer, or a client workstation. In order to avoid per seat licensing, an Open Source solution is used, and in order to minimize the field maintenance and meet security privacy constraints, a workstation need not have a permanent storage such as a hard disk drive. A complete blue print, based on performance analyses, is provided to determine the type of network architecture, servers, workstations per server, and minimum workstation configuration, suitable for supporting such a solution. The results of implementing the proposed solution campus wide, supporting more than 450 workstations, are presented as well.
2018-03-05
Yusuf, S. E., Ge, M., Hong, J. B., Alzaid, H., Kim, D. S..  2017.  Evaluating the Effectiveness of Security Metrics for Dynamic Networks. 2017 IEEE Trustcom/BigDataSE/ICESS. :277–284.

It is difficult to assess the security of modern enterprise networks because they are usually dynamic with configuration changes (such as changes in topology, firewall rules, etc). Graphical security models (e.g., Attack Graphs and Attack Trees) and security metrics (e.g., attack cost, shortest attack path) are widely used to systematically analyse the security posture of network systems. However, there are problems using them to assess the security of dynamic networks. First, the existing graphical security models are unable to capture dynamic changes occurring in the networks over time. Second, the existing security metrics are not designed for dynamic networks such that their effectiveness to the dynamic changes in the network is still unknown. In this paper, we conduct a comprehensive analysis via simulations to evaluate the effectiveness of security metrics using a Temporal Hierarchical Attack Representation Model. Further, we investigate the varying effects of security metrics when changes are observed in the dynamic networks. Our experimental analysis shows that different security metrics have varying security posture changes with respect to changes in the network.

Yusuf, S. E., Ge, M., Hong, J. B., Alzaid, H., Kim, D. S..  2017.  Evaluating the Effectiveness of Security Metrics for Dynamic Networks. 2017 IEEE Trustcom/BigDataSE/ICESS. :277–284.

It is difficult to assess the security of modern enterprise networks because they are usually dynamic with configuration changes (such as changes in topology, firewall rules, etc). Graphical security models (e.g., Attack Graphs and Attack Trees) and security metrics (e.g., attack cost, shortest attack path) are widely used to systematically analyse the security posture of network systems. However, there are problems using them to assess the security of dynamic networks. First, the existing graphical security models are unable to capture dynamic changes occurring in the networks over time. Second, the existing security metrics are not designed for dynamic networks such that their effectiveness to the dynamic changes in the network is still unknown. In this paper, we conduct a comprehensive analysis via simulations to evaluate the effectiveness of security metrics using a Temporal Hierarchical Attack Representation Model. Further, we investigate the varying effects of security metrics when changes are observed in the dynamic networks. Our experimental analysis shows that different security metrics have varying security posture changes with respect to changes in the network.

Yusuf, S. E., Ge, M., Hong, J. B., Alzaid, H., Kim, D. S..  2017.  Evaluating the Effectiveness of Security Metrics for Dynamic Networks. 2017 IEEE Trustcom/BigDataSE/ICESS. :277–284.

It is difficult to assess the security of modern enterprise networks because they are usually dynamic with configuration changes (such as changes in topology, firewall rules, etc). Graphical security models (e.g., Attack Graphs and Attack Trees) and security metrics (e.g., attack cost, shortest attack path) are widely used to systematically analyse the security posture of network systems. However, there are problems using them to assess the security of dynamic networks. First, the existing graphical security models are unable to capture dynamic changes occurring in the networks over time. Second, the existing security metrics are not designed for dynamic networks such that their effectiveness to the dynamic changes in the network is still unknown. In this paper, we conduct a comprehensive analysis via simulations to evaluate the effectiveness of security metrics using a Temporal Hierarchical Attack Representation Model. Further, we investigate the varying effects of security metrics when changes are observed in the dynamic networks. Our experimental analysis shows that different security metrics have varying security posture changes with respect to changes in the network.

2017-03-08
Bottazzi, G., Italiano, G. F..  2015.  Fast Mining of Large-Scale Logs for Botnet Detection: A Field Study. 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology; Ubiquitous Computing and Communications; Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing; Pervasive Intelligence and Computing. :1989–1996.

Botnets are considered one of the most dangerous species of network-based attack today because they involve the use of very large coordinated groups of hosts simultaneously. The behavioral analysis of computer networks is at the basis of the modern botnet detection methods, in order to intercept traffic generated by malwares for which signatures do not exist yet. Defining a pattern of features to be placed at the basis of behavioral analysis, puts the emphasis on the quantity and quality of information to be caught and used to mark data streams as normal or abnormal. The problem is even more evident if we consider extensive computer networks or clouds. With the present paper we intend to show how heuristics applied to large-scale proxy logs, considering a typical phase of the life cycle of botnets such as the search for C&C Servers through AGDs (Algorithmically Generated Domains), may provide effective and extremely rapid results. The present work will introduce some novel paradigms. The first is that some of the elements of the supply chain of botnets could be completed without any interaction with the Internet, mostly in presence of wide computer networks and/or clouds. The second is that behind a large number of workstations there are usually "human beings" and it is unlikely that their behaviors will cause marked changes in the interaction with the Internet in a fairly narrow time frame. Finally, AGDs can highlight, at the moment, common lexical features, detectable quickly and without using any black/white list.

2015-05-05
Vaarandi, R., Pihelgas, M..  2014.  Using Security Logs for Collecting and Reporting Technical Security Metrics. Military Communications Conference (MILCOM), 2014 IEEE. :294-299.

During recent years, establishing proper metrics for measuring system security has received increasing attention. Security logs contain vast amounts of information which are essential for creating many security metrics. Unfortunately, security logs are known to be very large, making their analysis a difficult task. Furthermore, recent security metrics research has focused on generic concepts, and the issue of collecting security metrics with log analysis methods has not been well studied. In this paper, we will first focus on using log analysis techniques for collecting technical security metrics from security logs of common types (e.g., Network IDS alarm logs, workstation logs, and Net flow data sets). We will also describe a production framework for collecting and reporting technical security metrics which is based on novel open-source technologies for big data.