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Suharsono, Teguh Nurhadi, Anggraini, Dini, Kuspriyanto, Rahardjo, Budi, Gunawan.  2020.  Implementation of Simple Verifiability Metric to Measure the Degree of Verifiability of E-Voting Protocol. 2020 14th International Conference on Telecommunication Systems, Services, and Applications (TSSA. :1–3.
Verifiability is one of the parameters in e-voting that can increase confidence in voting technology with several parties ensuring that voters do not change their votes. Voting has become an important part of the democratization system, both to make choices regarding policies, to elect representatives to sit in the representative assembly, and to elect leaders. the more voters and the wider the distribution, the more complex the social life, and the need to manage the voting process efficiently and determine the results more quickly, electronic-based voting (e-Voting) is becoming a more promising option. The level of confidence in voting depends on the capabilities of the system. E-voting must have parameters that can be used as guidelines, which include the following: Accuracy, Invulnerability, Privacy and Verifiability. The implementation of the simple verifiability metric to measure the degree of verifiability in the e-voting protocol, the researchers can calculate the degree of verifiability in the e-voting protocol and the researchers have been able to assess the proposed e-voting protocol with the standard of the best degree of verifiability is 1, where the value of 1 is is absolutely verified protocol.
Jayabalan, Manoj.  2020.  Towards an Approach of Risk Analysis in Access Control. 2020 13th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering (DeSE). :287–292.
Information security provides a set of mechanisms to be implemented in the organisation to protect the disclosure of data to the unauthorised person. Access control is the primary security component that allows the user to authorise the consumption of resources and data based on the predefined permissions. However, the access rules are static in nature, which does not adapt to the dynamic environment includes but not limited to healthcare, cloud computing, IoT, National Security and Intelligence Arena and multi-centric system. There is a need for an additional countermeasure in access decision that can adapt to those working conditions to assess the threats and to ensure privacy and security are maintained. Risk analysis is an act of measuring the threats to the system through various means such as, analysing the user behaviour, evaluating the user trust, and security policies. It is a modular component that can be integrated into the existing access control to predict the risk. This study presents the different techniques and approaches applied for risk analysis in access control. Based on the insights gained, this paper formulates the taxonomy of risk analysis and properties that will allow researchers to focus on areas that need to be improved and new features that could be beneficial to stakeholders.
Hassan, Wajih Ul, Bates, Adam, Marino, Daniel.  2020.  Tactical Provenance Analysis for Endpoint Detection and Response Systems. 2020 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (SP). :1172–1189.
Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) tools provide visibility into sophisticated intrusions by matching system events against known adversarial behaviors. However, current solutions suffer from three challenges: 1) EDR tools generate a high volume of false alarms, creating backlogs of investigation tasks for analysts; 2) determining the veracity of these threat alerts requires tedious manual labor due to the overwhelming amount of low-level system logs, creating a "needle-in-a-haystack" problem; and 3) due to the tremendous resource burden of log retention, in practice the system logs describing long-lived attack campaigns are often deleted before an investigation is ever initiated.This paper describes an effort to bring the benefits of data provenance to commercial EDR tools. We introduce the notion of Tactical Provenance Graphs (TPGs) that, rather than encoding low-level system event dependencies, reason about causal dependencies between EDR-generated threat alerts. TPGs provide compact visualization of multi-stage attacks to analysts, accelerating investigation. To address EDR's false alarm problem, we introduce a threat scoring methodology that assesses risk based on the temporal ordering between individual threat alerts present in the TPG. In contrast to the retention of unwieldy system logs, we maintain a minimally-sufficient skeleton graph that can provide linkability between existing and future threat alerts. We evaluate our system, RapSheet, using the Symantec EDR tool in an enterprise environment. Results show that our approach can rank truly malicious TPGs higher than false alarm TPGs. Moreover, our skeleton graph reduces the long-term burden of log retention by up to 87%.
Dong, Sichen, Jiao, Jian, Li, Shuyu.  2020.  A Multiple-Replica Provable Data Possession Algorithm Based on Branch Authentication Tree. 2020 IEEE 11th International Conference on Software Engineering and Service Science (ICSESS). :400–404.
The following topics are dealt with: learning (artificial intelligence); neural nets; feature extraction; pattern classification; convolutional neural nets; computer network security; security of data; recurrent neural nets; data privacy; and cloud computing.
Muller, Tim, Wang, Dongxia, Sun, Jun.  2020.  Provably Robust Decisions based on Potentially Malicious Sources of Information. 2020 IEEE 33rd Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF). :411–424.
Sometimes a security-critical decision must be made using information provided by peers. Think of routing messages, user reports, sensor data, navigational information, blockchain updates. Attackers manifest as peers that strategically report fake information. Trust models use the provided information, and attempt to suggest the correct decision. A model that appears accurate by empirical evaluation of attacks may still be susceptible to manipulation. For a security-critical decision, it is important to take the entire attack space into account. Therefore, we define the property of robustness: the probability of deciding correctly, regardless of what information attackers provide. We introduce the notion of realisations of honesty, which allow us to bypass reasoning about specific feedback. We present two schemes that are optimally robust under the right assumptions. The “majority-rule” principle is a special case of the other scheme which is more general, named “most plausible realisations”.
El-Sobky, Mariam, Sarhan, Hisham, Abu-ElKheir, Mervat.  2020.  Security Assessment of the Contextual Multi-Armed Bandit - RL Algorithm for Link Adaptation. 2020 2nd Novel Intelligent and Leading Emerging Sciences Conference (NILES). :514–519.
Industry is increasingly adopting Reinforcement Learning algorithms (RL) in production without thoroughly analyzing their security features. In addition to the potential threats that may arise if the functionality of these algorithms is compromised while in operation. One of the well-known RL algorithms is the Contextual Multi-Armed Bandit (CMAB) algorithm. In this paper, we explore how the CMAB can be used to solve the Link Adaptation problem - a well-known problem in the telecommunication industry by learning the optimal transmission parameters that will maximize a communication link's throughput. We analyze the potential vulnerabilities of the algorithm and how they may adversely affect link parameters computation. Additionally, we present a provable security assessment for the Contextual Multi-Armed Bandit Reinforcement Learning (CMAB-RL) algorithm in a network simulated environment using Ray. This is by demonstrating CMAB security vulnerabilities theoretically and practically. Some security controls are proposed for CMAB agent and the surrounding environment. In order to fix those vulnerabilities and mitigate the risk. These controls can be applied to other RL agents in order to design more robust and secure RL agents.
Vinarskii, Evgenii, Demakov, Alexey, Kamkin, Alexander, Yevtushenko, Nina.  2020.  Verifying cryptographic protocols by Tamarin Prover. 2020 Ivannikov Memorial Workshop (IVMEM). :69–75.
Cryptographic protocols are utilized for establishing a secure session between “honest” agents which communicate strictly according to the protocol rules as well as for ensuring the authenticated and confidential transmission of messages. The specification of a cryptographic protocol is usually presented as a set of requirements for the sequences of transmitted messages including the format of such messages. Note that protocol can describe several execution scenarios. All these requirements lead to a huge formal specification for a real cryptographic protocol and therefore, it is difficult to verify the security of the whole cryptographic protocol at once. In this paper, to overcome this problem, we suggest verifying the protocol security for its fragments. Namely, we verify the security properties for a special set of so-called traces of the cryptographic protocol. Intuitively, a trace of the cryptographic protocol is a sequence of computations, value checks, and transmissions on the sides of “honest” agents permitted by the protocol. In order to choose such set of traces, we introduce an Adversary model and the notion of a similarity relation for traces. We then verify the security properties of selected traces with Tamarin Prover. Experimental results for the EAP and Noise protocols clearly show that this approach can be promising for automatic verification of large protocols.
Hassan, Mehmood, Sultan, Aiman, Awan, Ali Afzal, Tahir, Shahzaib, Ihsan, Imran.  2020.  An Enhanced and Secure Multiserver-based User Authentication Protocol. 2020 International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS). :1–6.
The extensive use of the internet and web-based applications spot the multiserver authentication as a significant component. The users can get their services after authenticating with the service provider by using similar registration records. Various protocol schemes are developed for multiserver authentication, but the existing schemes are not secure and often lead towards various vulnerabilities and different security issues. Recently, Zhao et al. put forward a proposal for smart card and user's password-based authentication protocol for the multiserver environment and showed that their proposed protocol is efficient and secure against various security attacks. This paper points out that Zhao et al.'s authentication scheme is susceptive to traceability as well as anonymity attacks. Thus, it is not feasible for the multiserver environment. Furthermore, in their scheme, it is observed that a user while authenticating does not send any information with any mention of specific server identity. Therefore, this paper proposes an enhanced, efficient and secure user authentication scheme for use in any multiserver environment. The formal security analysis and verification of the protocol is performed using state-of-the-art tool “ProVerif” yielding that the proposed scheme provides higher levels of security.
Kai, Wang, Wei, Li, Tao, Chen, Longmei, Nan.  2020.  Research on Secure JTAG Debugging Model Based on Schnorr Identity Authentication Protocol. 2020 IEEE 15th International Conference on Solid-State Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT). :1–3.
As a general interface for chip system testing and on-chip debugging, JTAG is facing serious security threats. By analyzing the typical JTAG attack model and security protection measures, this paper designs a secure JTAG debugging model based on Schnorr identity authentication protocol, and takes RISCV as an example to build a set of SoC prototype system to complete functional verification. Experiments show that this secure JTAG debugging model has high security, flexible implementation, and good portability. It can meet the JTAG security protection requirements in various application scenarios. The maximum clock frequency can reach 833MHZ, while the hardware overhead is only 47.93KGate.
He, Leifeng, Liu, Guanjun.  2020.  Petri Nets Based Verification of Epistemic Logic and Its Application on Protocols of Privacy and Security. 2020 IEEE World Congress on Services (SERVICES). :25–28.
Epistemic logic can specify many design requirements of privacy and security of multi-agent systems (MAS). The existing model checkers of epistemic logic use some programming languages to describe MAS, induce Kripke models as the behavioral representation of MAS, apply Ordered Binary Decision Diagrams (OBDD) to encode Kripke models to solve their state explosion problem and verify epistemic logic based on the encoded Kripke models. However, these programming languages are usually non-intuitive. More seriously, their OBDD-based model checking processes are often time-consuming due to their dynamic variable ordering for OBDD. Therefore, we define Knowledge-oriented Petri Nets (KPN) to intuitively describe MAS, induce similar reachability graphs as the behavioral representation of KPN, apply OBDD to encode all reachable states, and finally verify epistemic logic. Although we also use OBDD, we adopt a heuristic method for the computation of a static variable order instead of dynamic variable ordering. More importantly, while verifying an epistemic formula, we dynamically generate its needed similar relations, which makes our model checking process much more efficient. In this paper, we introduce our work.
Naveed, Sarah, Sultan, Aiman, Mansoor, Khwaja.  2020.  An Enhanced SIP Authentication Protocol for Preserving User Privacy. 2020 International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS). :1–6.
Owing to the advancements in communication media and devices all over the globe, there has arisen a dire need for to limit the alarming number of attacks targeting these and to enhance their security. Multiple techniques have been incorporated in different researches and various protocols and schemes have been put forward to cater security issues of session initiation protocol (SIP). In 2008, Qiu et al. presented a proposal for SIP authentication which while effective than many existing schemes, was still found vulnerable to many security attacks. To overcome those issues, Zhang et al. proposed an authentication protocol. This paper presents the analysis of Zhang et al. authentication scheme and concludes that their proposed scheme is susceptible to user traceablity. It also presents an improved SIP authentication scheme that eliminates the possibility of traceability of user's activities. The proposed scheme is also verified by contemporary verification tool, ProVerif and it is found to be more secure, efficient and practical than many similar SIP authetication scheme.
Tavakolan, Mona, Faridi, Ismaeel A..  2020.  Applying Privacy-Aware Policies in IoT Devices Using Privacy Metrics. 2020 International Conference on Communications, Computing, Cybersecurity, and Informatics (CCCI). :1–5.
In recent years, user's privacy has become an important aspect in the development of Internet of Things (IoT) devices. However, there has been comparatively little research so far that aims to understanding user's privacy in connection with IoT. Many users are worried about protecting their personal information, which may be gathered by IoT devices. In this paper, we present a new method for applying the user's preferences within the privacy-aware policies in IoT devices. Users can prioritize a set of extendable privacy policies based on their preferences. This is achieved by assigning weights to these policies to form ranking criteria. A privacy-aware index is then calculated based on these ranking. In addition, IoT devices can be clustered based on their privacy-aware index value. In this paper, we present a new method for applying the user's preferences within the privacy-aware policies in IoT devices. Users can prioritize a set of extendable privacy policies based on their preferences. This is achieved by assigning weights to these policies to form ranking criteria. A privacy-aware index is then calculated based on these ranking. In addition, IoT devices can be clustered based on their privacy-aware index value.
Deng, Perry, Linsky, Cooper, Wright, Matthew.  2020.  Weaponizing Unicodes with Deep Learning -Identifying Homoglyphs with Weakly Labeled Data. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Security Informatics (ISI). :1–6.
Visually similar characters, or homoglyphs, can be used to perform social engineering attacks or to evade spam and plagiarism detectors. It is thus important to understand the capabilities of an attacker to identify homoglyphs - particularly ones that have not been previously spotted - and leverage them in attacks. We investigate a deep-learning model using embedding learning, transfer learning, and augmentation to determine the visual similarity of characters and thereby identify potential homoglyphs. Our approach uniquely takes advantage of weak labels that arise from the fact that most characters are not homoglyphs. Our model drastically outperforms the Normal-ized Compression Distance approach on pairwise homoglyph identification, for which we achieve an average precision of 0.97. We also present the first attempt at clustering homoglyphs into sets of equivalence classes, which is more efficient than pairwise information for security practitioners to quickly lookup homoglyphs or to normalize confusable string encodings. To measure clustering performance, we propose a metric (mBIOU) building on the classic Intersection-Over-Union (IOU) metric. Our clustering method achieves 0.592 mBIOU, compared to 0.430 for the naive baseline. We also use our model to predict over 8,000 previously unknown homoglyphs, and find good early indications that many of these may be true positives. Source code and list of predicted homoglyphs are uploaded to Github:\_unicode.
Sultana, Kazi Zakia, Codabux, Zadia, Williams, Byron.  2020.  Examining the Relationship of Code and Architectural Smells with Software Vulnerabilities. 2020 27th Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference (APSEC). :31–40.
Context: Security is vital to software developed for commercial or personal use. Although more organizations are realizing the importance of applying secure coding practices, in many of them, security concerns are not known or addressed until a security failure occurs. The root cause of security failures is vulnerable code. While metrics have been used to predict software vulnerabilities, we explore the relationship between code and architectural smells with security weaknesses. As smells are surface indicators of a deeper problem in software, determining the relationship between smells and software vulnerabilities can play a significant role in vulnerability prediction models. Objective: This study explores the relationship between smells and software vulnerabilities to identify the smells. Method: We extracted the class, method, file, and package level smells for three systems: Apache Tomcat, Apache CXF, and Android. We then compared their occurrences in the vulnerable classes which were reported to contain vulnerable code and in the neutral classes (non-vulnerable classes where no vulnerability had yet been reported). Results: We found that a vulnerable class is more likely to have certain smells compared to a non-vulnerable class. God Class, Complex Class, Large Class, Data Class, Feature Envy, Brain Class have a statistically significant relationship with software vulnerabilities. We found no significant relationship between architectural smells and software vulnerabilities. Conclusion: We can conclude that for all the systems examined, there is a statistically significant correlation between software vulnerabilities and some smells.
Ivaki, Naghmeh, Antunes, Nuno.  2020.  SIDE: Security-Aware Integrated Development Environment. 2020 IEEE International Symposium on Software Reliability Engineering Workshops (ISSREW). :149–150.
An effective way for building secure software is to embed security into software in the early stages of software development. Thus, we aim to study several evidences of code anomalies introduced during the software development phase, that may be indicators of security issues in software, such as code smells, structural complexity represented by diverse software metrics, the issues detected by static code analysers, and finally missing security best practices. To use such evidences for vulnerability prediction and removal, we first need to understand how they are correlated with security issues. Then, we need to discover how these imperfect raw data can be integrated to achieve a reliable, accurate and valuable decision about a portion of code. Finally, we need to construct a security actuator providing suggestions to the developers to remove or fix the detected issues from the code. All of these will lead to the construction of a framework, including security monitoring, security analyzer, and security actuator platforms, that are necessary for a security-aware integrated development environment (SIDE).
Franchina, L., Socal, A..  2020.  Innovative Predictive Model for Smart City Security Risk Assessment. 2020 43rd International Convention on Information, Communication and Electronic Technology (MIPRO). :1831–1836.
In a Smart City, new technologies such as big data analytics, data fusion and artificial intelligence will increase awareness by measuring many phenomena and storing a huge amount of data. 5G will allow communication of these data among different infrastructures instantaneously. In a Smart City, security aspects are going to be a major concern. Some drawbacks, such as vulnerabilities of a highly integrated system and information overload, must be considered. To overcome these downsides, an innovative predictive model for Smart City security risk assessment has been developed. Risk metrics and indicators are defined by considering data coming from a wide range of sensors. An innovative ``what if'' algorithm is introduced to identify critical infrastructures functional relationship. Therefore, it is possible to evaluate the effects of an incident that involves one infrastructure over the others.
Zhang, Fengli, Huff, Philip, McClanahan, Kylie, Li, Qinghua.  2020.  A Machine Learning-Based Approach for Automated Vulnerability Remediation Analysis. 2020 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). :1–9.
Security vulnerabilities in firmware/software pose an important threat ton power grid security, and thus electric utility companies should quickly decide how to remediate vulnerabilities after they are discovered. Making remediation decisions is a challenging task in the electric industry due to the many factors to consider, the balance to maintain between patching and service reliability, and the large amount of vulnerabilities to deal with. Unfortunately, remediation decisions are current manually made which take a long time. This increases security risks and incurs high cost of vulnerability management. In this paper, we propose a machine learning-based automation framework to automate remediation decision analysis for electric utilities. We apply it to an electric utility and conduct extensive experiments over two real operation datasets obtained from the utility. Results show the high effectiveness of the solution.
Liu, Yuan, Zhou, Pingqiang.  2020.  Defending Against Adversarial Attacks in Deep Learning with Robust Auxiliary Classifiers Utilizing Bit Plane Slicing. 2020 Asian Hardware Oriented Security and Trust Symposium (AsianHOST). :1–4.
Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have been widely used in variety of fields with great success. However, recent researches indicate that DNNs are susceptible to adversarial attacks, which can easily fool the well-trained DNNs without being detected by human eyes. In this paper, we propose to combine the target DNN model with robust bit plane classifiers to defend against adversarial attacks. It comes from our finding that successful attacks generate imperceptible perturbations, which mainly affects the low-order bits of pixel value in clean images. Hence, using bit planes instead of traditional RGB channels for convolution can effectively reduce channel modification rate. We conduct experiments on dataset CIFAR-10 and GTSRB. The results show that our defense method can effectively increase the model accuracy on average from 8.72% to 85.99% under attacks on CIFAR-10 without sacrificina accuracy of clean images.
Karelova, O.L., Golosov, P.E..  2020.  Digraph Modeling of Information Security Systems. 2020 International Multi-Conference on Industrial Engineering and Modern Technologies (FarEastCon). :1–4.
When modeling information security systems (ISS), the vast majority of works offer various models of threats to the object of protection (threat trees, Petri nets, etc.). However, ISS is not only a mean to prevent threats or reduce damage from their implementation, but also other components - the qualifications of employees responsible for IS, the internal climate in the team, the company's position on the market, and many others. The article considers the cognitive model of the state of the information security system of an average organization. The model is a weighted oriented graph, its' vertices are standard elements of the organization's information security system. The most significant factors affecting the condition of information security of the organization are identified based on the model. Influencing these factors is providing the most effect if IS level.
Zheng, Xiaoyu, Liu, Dongmei, Zhu, Hong, Bayley, Ian.  2020.  Pattern-Based Approach to Modelling and Verifying System Security. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Service Oriented Systems Engineering (SOSE). :92–102.
Security is one of the most important problems in the engineering of online service-oriented systems. The current best practice in security design is a pattern-oriented approach. A large number of security design patterns have been identified, categorised and documented in the literature. The design of a security solution for a system starts with identification of security requirements and selection of appropriate security design patterns; these are then composed together. It is crucial to verify that the composition of security design patterns is valid in the sense that it preserves the features, semantics and soundness of the patterns and correct in the sense that the security requirements are met by the design. This paper proposes a methodology that employs the algebraic specification language SOFIA to specify security design patterns and their compositions. The specifications are then translated into the Alloy formalism and their validity and correctness are verified using the Alloy model checker. A tool that translates SOFIA into Alloy is presented. A case study with the method and the tool is also reported.
Zhong, Chiyang, Sakis Meliopoulos, A. P., AlOwaifeer, Maad, Xie, Jiahao, Ilunga, Gad.  2020.  Object-Oriented Security Constrained Quadratic Optimal Power Flow. 2020 IEEE Power Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM). :1–5.
Increased penetration of distributed energy resources (DERs) creates challenges in formulating the security constrained optimal power flow (SCOPF) problem as the number of models for these resources proliferate. Specifically, the number of devices with different mathematical models is large and their integration into the SCOPF becomes tedious. Henceforth, a process that seamlessly models and integrates such new devices into the SCOPF problem is needed. We propose an object-oriented modeling approach that leads to the autonomous formation of the SCOPF problem. All device models in the system are cast into a universal syntax. We have also introduced a quadratization method which makes the models consisting of linear and quadratic equations, if nonlinear. We refer to this model as the State and Control Quadratized Device Model (SCQDM). The SCQDM includes a number of equations and a number of inequalities expressing the operating limits of the device. The SCOPF problem is then formed in a seamless manner by operating only on the SCQDM device objects. The SCOPF problem, formed this way, is also quadratic (i.e. consists of linear and quadratic equations), and of the same form and syntax as the SCQDM for an individual device. For this reason, we named it security constrained quadratic optimal power flow (SCQOPF). We solve the SCQOPF problem using a sequential linear programming (SLP) algorithm and compare the results with those obtained from the commercial solver Knitro on the IEEE 57 bus system.
Lu, Shuaibing, Kuang, Xiaohui, Nie, Yuanping, Lin, Zhechao.  2020.  A Hybrid Interface Recovery Method for Android Kernels Fuzzing. 2020 IEEE 20th International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security (QRS). :335–346.
Android kernel fuzzing is a research area of interest specifically for detecting kernel vulnerabilities which may allow attackers to obtain the root privilege. The number of Android mobile phones is increasing rapidly with the explosive growth of Android kernel drivers. Interface aware fuzzing is an effective technique to test the security of kernel driver. Existing researches rely on static analysis with kernel source code. However, in fact, there exist millions of Android mobile phones without public accessible source code. In this paper, we propose a hybrid interface recovery method for fuzzing kernels which can recover kernel driver interface no matter the source code is available or not. In white box condition, we employ a dynamic interface recover method that can automatically and completely identify the interface knowledge. In black box condition, we use reverse engineering to extract the key interface information and use similarity computation to infer argument types. We evaluate our hybrid algorithm on on 12 Android smartphones from 9 vendors. Empirical experimental results show that our method can effectively recover interface argument lists and find Android kernel bugs. In total, 31 vulnerabilities are reported in white and black box conditions. The vulnerabilities were responsibly disclosed to affected vendors and 9 of the reported vulnerabilities have been already assigned CVEs.
Moustafa, Nour, Keshky, Marwa, Debiez, Essam, Janicke, Helge.  2020.  Federated TONİoT Windows Datasets for Evaluating AI-Based Security Applications. 2020 IEEE 19th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom). :848–855.
Existing cyber security solutions have been basically developed using knowledge-based models that often cannot trigger new cyber-attack families. With the boom of Artificial Intelligence (AI), especially Deep Learning (DL) algorithms, those security solutions have been plugged-in with AI models to discover, trace, mitigate or respond to incidents of new security events. The algorithms demand a large number of heterogeneous data sources to train and validate new security systems. This paper presents the description of new datasets, the so-called ToNİoT, which involve federated data sources collected from Telemetry datasets of IoT services, Operating system datasets of Windows and Linux, and datasets of Network traffic. The paper introduces the testbed and description of TONİoT datasets for Windows operating systems. The testbed was implemented in three layers: edge, fog and cloud. The edge layer involves IoT and network devices, the fog layer contains virtual machines and gateways, and the cloud layer involves cloud services, such as data analytics, linked to the other two layers. These layers were dynamically managed using the platforms of software-Defined Network (SDN) and Network-Function Virtualization (NFV) using the VMware NSX and vCloud NFV platform. The Windows datasets were collected from audit traces of memories, processors, networks, processes and hard disks. The datasets would be used to evaluate various AI-based cyber security solutions, including intrusion detection, threat intelligence and hunting, privacy preservation and digital forensics. This is because the datasets have a wide range of recent normal and attack features and observations, as well as authentic ground truth events. The datasets can be publicly accessed from this link [1].
Jungum, Nevin Vunka, Mohamudally, Nawaz, Nissanke, Nimal.  2020.  Device Selection Decision Making using Multi-Criteria for Offloading Application Mobile Codes. 2020 6th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS). :326–331.
With fast growing research in the area of application partitioning for offloading, determining which devices to prioritize over the other for mobile code offloading is fundamental. Multiple methods can be adopted using both single-criterion and multiple-criteria strategies. Due to the characteristics of pervasive environments, whereby devices having different computing capability, different level of privacy and security and the mobility nature in such environment makes the decision-making process complex. To this end, this paper proposes a method using a combination of the method Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to calculate weights criteria of participating devices. Next the fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) is considered to sort in order of priority the participating devices, hence facilitating the decision to opt for which participating device first. An evaluation of the method is also presented.
Mohiuddin, Irfan, Almogren, Ahmad.  2020.  Security Challenges and Strategies for the IoT in Cloud Computing. 2020 11th International Conference on Information and Communication Systems (ICICS). :367–372.
The Internet of Things is progressively turning into a pervasive computing service, needing enormous volumes of data storage and processing. However, due to the distinctive properties of resource constraints, self-organization, and short-range communication in Internet of Things (IoT), it always adopts to cloud for outsourced storage and computation. This integration of IoT with cloud has a row of unfamiliar security challenges for the data at rest. Cloud computing delivers highly scalable and flexible computing and storage resources on pay-per-use policy. Cloud computing services for computation and storage are getting increasingly popular and many organizations are now moving their data from in-house data centers to the Cloud Storage Providers (CSPs). Time varying workload and data intensive IoT applications are vulnerable to encounter challenges while using cloud computing services. Additionally, the encryption techniques and third-party auditors to maintain data integrity are still in their developing stage and therefore the data at rest is still a concern for IoT applications. In this paper, we perform an analysis study to investigate the challenges and strategies adapted by Cloud Computing to facilitate a safe transition of IoT applications to the Cloud.