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2021-09-30
Zhang, Qingqing, Tang, Hongbo, You, Wei, Li, Yingle.  2020.  A Method for Constructing Heterogeneous Entities Pool in NFV Security Architecture Based on Mimic Defense. 2020 IEEE 6th International Conference on Computer and Communications (ICCC). :1029–1033.
The characteristics of resource sharing and centralized deployment of network function virtualization (NFV) make the physical boundary under the traditional closed management mode disappear, bringing many new security threats to the network. To improve the security of the NFV network, this paper proposes a network function virtualization security architecture based on mimic defense. At the same time, to ensure the differences between heterogeneous entities, a genetic algorithm-based heterogeneous entities pool construction method is proposed. Simulation results show that this method can effectively guarantee the difference between heterogeneous entities and increase the difficulty of attackers.
Zuo, Xinbin, Pang, Xue, Zhang, Pengping, Zhang, Junsan, Dong, Tao, Zhang, Peiying.  2020.  A Security-Aware Software-Defined IoT Network Architecture. 2020 IEEE Computing, Communications and IoT Applications (ComComAp). :1–5.
With the improvement of people's living standards, more and more network users access the network, including a large number of infrastructure, these devices constitute the Internet of things(IoT). With the rapid expansion of devices in the IoT, the data transmission between the IoT has become more complex, and the security issues are facing greater challenges. SDN as a mature network architecture, its security has been affirmed by the industry, it separates the data layer from the control layer, thus greatly improving the security of the network. In this paper, we apply the SDN to the IoT, and propose a IoT network architecture based on SDN. In this architecture, we not only make use of the security features of SDN, but also deploy different security modules in each layer of SDN to integrate, analyze and plan various data through the IoT, which undoubtedly improves the security performance of the network. In the end, we give a comprehensive introduction to the system and verify its performance.
2021-08-31
Nonprivun, Choktawee, Plangklang, Boonyang.  2020.  Study and Analysis of Flux Linkage on 12/8 pole Doubly Salient Permanent Magnet Machine in Square Envelope. 2020 International Conference on Power, Energy and Innovations (ICPEI). :141–144.
This paper presents a study and analysis of flux linkage performance on 12/8 pole doubly salient permanent magnet machine in square envelope conventional. Analyzed model was using a finite element method. The investigated model was constructed by changing the size of the structure as the main parameters of the speed 500 rpm, PM coercivity 910 kA/m, PM remanence 1.2 T, copper loss 30 W, turns per coil 45, and stator side length 100 mm. The study and analysis of flux linkage, induced voltage, and torque are also included in this paper.
2021-08-02
Sharma, Nisha, Sharma, Durga Prasad, Sharma, Manish.  2020.  Wormhole Formation and Simulation in Dynamic Source Routing Protocol using NS3. 2020 9th International Conference System Modeling and Advancement in Research Trends (SMART). :318–322.
Mobile Ad hoc networks (MANET) are becoming extremely popular because of the expedient features that also make them more exposed to various kinds of security attacks. The Wormhole attack is considered to be the most unsafe attack due to its unusual pattern of tunnel creation between two malevolent nodes. In it, one malevolent node attracts all the traffic towards the tunnel and forwards it to another malevolent node at the other end of the tunnel and replays them again in the network. Once the Wormhole tunnel is created it can launch different kind of other attacks such as routing attack, packet dropping, spoofing etc. In past few years a lot of research is done for securing routing protocols. Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) protocol is considered foremost MANET routing protocols. In this paper we are forming the wormhole tunnel in which malevolent nodes use different interfaces for communication in DSR protocol. NS3 simulator is being used for the analysis of the DSR routing protocol under the wormhole attack. This paper provides better understanding of the wormhole attack in DSR protocol which can benefit further research.
2021-07-08
Su, Yishan, Zhang, Ting, Jin, Zhigang, Guo, Lei.  2020.  An Anti-Attack Trust Mechanism Based on Collaborative Spectrum Sensing for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks. Global Oceans 2020: Singapore – U.S. Gulf Coast. :1—5.
The main method for long-distance underwater communication is underwater acoustic communication(UAC). The bandwidth of UAC channel is narrow and the frequency band resources are scarce. Therefore, it is important to improve the frequency band utilization of UAC system. Cognitive underwater acoustic (CUA) technology is an important method. CUA network can share spectrum resources with the primary network. Spectrum sensing (SS) technology is the premise of realizing CUA. Therefore, improving the accuracy of spectral sensing is the main purpose of this paper. However, the realization of underwater SS technology still faces many difficulties. First, underwater energy supplies are scarce, making it difficult to apply complex algorithms. Second, and more seriously, CUA network can sometimes be attacked and exploited by hostile forces, which will not only lead to data leakage, but also greatly affect the accuracy of SS. In order to improve the utilization of underwater spectrum and avoid attack, an underwater spectrum sensing model based on the two-threshold energy detection method and K of M fusion decision method is established. Then, the trust mechanism based on beta function and XOR operation are proposed to combat individual attack and multi-user joint attack (MUJA) respectively. Finally, simulation result shows the effectiveness of these methods.
Khalid, Muhammad, Zhao, Ruiqin, Wang, Xin.  2020.  Node Authentication in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks Using Time-Reversal. Global Oceans 2020: Singapore – U.S. Gulf Coast. :1—4.
Physical layer authentication scheme for node authentication using the time-reversal (TR) process and the location-specific key feature of the channel impulse response (CIR) in an underwater time-varying multipath environment is proposed. TR is a well-known signal focusing technique in signal processing; this focusing effect is used by the database maintaining node to authenticate the sensor node by convolving the estimated CIR from a probe signal with its database of CIRs. Maximum time-reversal resonating strength (MTRRS) is calculated to make an authentication decision. This work considers a static underwater acoustic sensor network (UASN) under the “Alice- Bob-Eve” scenario. The performance of the proposed scheme is expressed by the Probability of Detection (PD) and the Probability of False Alarm (PFA).
2021-06-24
Su, Yu, Zhou, Jian, Guo, Zhinuan.  2020.  A Trust-Based Security Scheme for 5G UAV Communication Systems. 2020 IEEE Intl Conf on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, Intl Conf on Pervasive Intelligence and Computing, Intl Conf on Cloud and Big Data Computing, Intl Conf on Cyber Science and Technology Congress (DASC/PiCom/CBDCom/CyberSciTech). :371—374.
As the increasing demands of social services, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)-assisted networks promote the promising prospect for implementing high-rate information transmission and applications. The sensing data can be collected by UAVs, a large number of applications based on UAVs have been realized in the 5G networks. However, the malicious UAVs may provide false information and destroy the services. The 5G UAV communication systems face the security threats. Therefore, this paper develops a novel trust-based security scheme for 5G UAV communication systems. Firstly, the architecture of the 5G UAV communication system is presented to improve the communication performance. Secondly, the trust evaluation scheme for UAVs is developed to evaluate the reliability of UAVs. By introducing the trust threshold, the malicious UAVs will be filtered out from the systems to protect the security of systems. Finally, the simulation results have been demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.
2021-05-25
Anubi, Olugbenga Moses, Konstantinou, Charalambos, Wong, Carlos A., Vedula, Satish.  2020.  Multi-Model Resilient Observer under False Data Injection Attacks. 2020 IEEE Conference on Control Technology and Applications (CCTA). :1–8.

In this paper, we present the concept of boosting the resiliency of optimization-based observers for cyber-physical systems (CPS) using auxiliary sources of information. Due to the tight coupling of physics, communication and computation, a malicious agent can exploit multiple inherent vulnerabilities in order to inject stealthy signals into the measurement process. The problem setting considers the scenario in which an attacker strategically corrupts portions of the data in order to force wrong state estimates which could have catastrophic consequences. The goal of the proposed observer is to compute the true states in-spite of the adversarial corruption. In the formulation, we use a measurement prior distribution generated by the auxiliary model to refine the feasible region of a traditional compressive sensing-based regression problem. A constrained optimization-based observer is developed using l1-minimization scheme. Numerical experiments show that the solution of the resulting problem recovers the true states of the system. The developed algorithm is evaluated through a numerical simulation example of the IEEE 14-bus system.

Cai, Feiyang, Li, Jiani, Koutsoukos, Xenofon.  2020.  Detecting Adversarial Examples in Learning-Enabled Cyber-Physical Systems using Variational Autoencoder for Regression. 2020 IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops (SPW). :208–214.

Learning-enabled components (LECs) are widely used in cyber-physical systems (CPS) since they can handle the uncertainty and variability of the environment and increase the level of autonomy. However, it has been shown that LECs such as deep neural networks (DNN) are not robust and adversarial examples can cause the model to make a false prediction. The paper considers the problem of efficiently detecting adversarial examples in LECs used for regression in CPS. The proposed approach is based on inductive conformal prediction and uses a regression model based on variational autoencoder. The architecture allows to take into consideration both the input and the neural network prediction for detecting adversarial, and more generally, out-of-distribution examples. We demonstrate the method using an advanced emergency braking system implemented in an open source simulator for self-driving cars where a DNN is used to estimate the distance to an obstacle. The simulation results show that the method can effectively detect adversarial examples with a short detection delay.

Siritoglou, Petros, Oriti, Giovanna.  2020.  Distributed Energy Resources Design Method to Improve Energy Security in Critical Facilities. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2020 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC / I CPS Europe). :1–6.

This paper presents a user-friendly design method for accurately sizing the distributed energy resources of a stand-alone microgrid to meet the critical load demands of a military, commercial, industrial, or residential facility when the utility power is not available. The microgrid combines renewable resources such as photovoltaics (PV) with an energy storage system to increase energy security for facilities with critical loads. The design tool's novelty includes compliance with IEEE standards 1562 and 1013 and addresses resilience, which is not taken into account in existing design methods. Several case studies, simulated with a physics-based model, validate the proposed design method. Additionally, the design and the simulations were validated by 24-hour laboratory experiments conducted on a microgrid assembled using commercial off the shelf components.

Zhu, Hong, Xia, Bing, Zhou, Dongxu, Zhang, Ming, Ma, Zhoujun.  2020.  Research on Integrated Model and Interactive Influence of Energy Internet Cyber Physical System. 2020 IEEE Sustainable Power and Energy Conference (iSPEC). :1667–1671.

Energy Internet is a typical cyber-physical system (CPS), in which the disturbance on cyber part may result in the operation risks on the physical part. In order to perform CPS assessment and research the interactive influence between cyber part and physical part, an integrated energy internet CPS model which adopts information flow matrix, energy control flow matrix and information energy hybrid flow matrix is proposed in this paper. The proposed model has a higher computational efficacy compared with simulation based approaches. Then, based on the proposed model, the influence of cyber disturbances such as data dislocation, data delay and data error on the physical part are studied. Finally, a 3 MW PET based energy internet CPS is built using PSCAD/EMTDC software. The simulation results prove the validity of the proposed model and the correctness of the interactive influence analysis.

Bogosyan, Seta, Gokasan, Metin.  2020.  Novel Strategies for Security-hardened BMS for Extremely Fast Charging of BEVs. 2020 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC). :1–7.

The increased power capacity and networking requirements in Extremely Fast Charging (XFC) systems for battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and the resulting increase in the adversarial attack surface call for security measures to be taken in the involved cyber-physical system (CPS). Within this system, the security of the BEV's battery management system (BMS) is of critical importance as the BMS is the first line of defense between the vehicle and the charge station. This study proposes an optimal control and moving-target defense (MTD) based novel approach for the security of the vehicle BMS) focusing on the charging process, during which a compromised vehicle may contaminate the XFC station and the whole grid. This paper is part of our ongoing research, which is one of the few, if not the first, reported studies in the literature on security-hardened BMS, aiming to increase the security and performance of operations between the charging station, the BMS and the battery system of electric vehicles. The developed MTD based switching strategy makes use of redundancies in the controller and feedback design. The performed simulations demonstrate an increased unpredictability and acceptable charging performance under adversarial attacks.

Ravikumar, Gelli, Hyder, Burhan, Govindarasu, Manimaran.  2020.  Efficient Modeling of IEC-61850 Logical Nodes in IEDs for Scalability in CPS Security Testbed. 2020 IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T D). :1–5.

Though the deep penetration of cyber systems across the smart grid sub-domains enrich the operation of the wide-area protection, control, and smart grid applications, the stochastic nature of cyber-attacks by adversaries inflict their performance and the system operation. Various hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) cyber-physical system (CPS) testbeds have attempted to evaluate the cyberattack dynamics and power system perturbations for robust wide-area protection algorithms. However, physical resource constraints and modular integration designs have been significant barriers while modeling large-scale grid models (scalability) and have limited many of the CPS testbeds to either small-scale HIL environment or complete simulation environments. This paper proposes a meticulous design and efficient modeling of IEC-61850 logical nodes in physical relays to simulate large-scale grid models in a HIL real-time digital simulator environment integrated with industry-grade hardware and software systems for wide-area power system applications. The proposed meticulous design includes multi-breaker emulation in the physical relays, which extends the capacity of a physical relay to accommodate more number of CPS interfaces in the HIL CPS security testbed environment. We have used our existing HIL CPS security testbed to demonstrate scalability by the real-time performance of ten simultaneous IEEE-39 CPS grid models. The experiments demonstrated significant results by 100% real-time performance with zero overruns, and low latency while receiving and executing control signals from physical SEL relays via IEC-61850 and DNP-3 protocols to real-time digital simulator, substation remote terminal unit (RTU) software and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) software at control center.

2021-05-18
Intharawijitr, Krittin, Harvey, Paul, Imai, Pierre.  2020.  A Feasibility Study of Cache in Smart Edge Router for Web-Access Accelerator. 2020 IEEE/ACM 13th International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing (UCC). :360–365.
Regardless of the setting, edge computing has drawn much attention from both the academic and industrial communities. For edge computing, content delivery networks are both a concrete and production deployable use case. While viable at the WAN or telco edge scale, it is unclear if this extends to others, such as in home WiFi routers, as has been assumed by some. In this work-in-progress, we present an initial study on the viability of using smart edge WiFi routers as a caching location. We describe the simulator we created to test this, as well as the analysis of the results obtained. We use 1 day of e-commerce web log traffic from a public data set, as well as a sampled subset of our own site - part of an ecosystem of over 111 million users. We show that in the best case scenario, smart edge routers are inappropriate for e-commerce web caching.
2021-05-05
Lu, Xinjin, Lei, Jing, Li, Wei.  2020.  A Physical Layer Encryption Algorithm Based on Length-Compatible Polar Codes. 2020 IEEE 92nd Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2020-Fall). :1—7.
The code length and rate of length-compatible polar codes can be adaptively adjusted and changed because of the special coding structure. In this paper, we propose a method to construct length-compatible polar codes by employing physical layer encryption technology. The deletion way of frozen bits and generator matrix are random, which makes polar codes more flexible and safe. Simulation analysis shows that the proposed algorithm can not only effectively improve the performance of length-compatible polar codes but also realize the physical layer security encryption of the system.
2021-04-08
Lin, X., Zhang, Z., Chen, M., Sun, Y., Li, Y., Liu, M., Wang, Y., Liu, M..  2020.  GDGCA: A Gene Driven Cache Scheduling Algorithm in Information-Centric Network. 2020 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Information Systems and Computer Aided Education (ICISCAE). :167–172.
The disadvantages and inextensibility of the traditional network require more novel thoughts for the future network architecture, as for ICN (Information-Centric Network), is an information centered and self-caching network, ICN is deeply rooted in the 5G era, of which concept is user-centered and content-centered. Although the ICN enables cache replacement of content, an information distribution scheduling algorithm is still needed to allocate resources properly due to its limited cache capacity. This paper starts with data popularity, information epilepsy and other data related attributes in the ICN environment. Then it analyzes the factors affecting the cache, proposes the concept and calculation method of Gene value. Since the ICN is still in a theoretical state, this paper describes an ICN scenario that is close to the reality and processes a greedy caching algorithm named GDGCA (Gene Driven Greedy Caching Algorithm). The GDGCA tries to design an optimal simulation model, which based on the thoughts of throughput balance and satisfaction degree (SSD), then compares with the regular distributed scheduling algorithm in related research fields, such as the QoE indexes and satisfaction degree under different Poisson data volumes and cycles, the final simulation results prove that GDGCA has better performance in cache scheduling of ICN edge router, especially with the aid of Information Gene value.
Shi, S., Li, J., Wu, H., Ren, Y., Zhi, J..  2020.  EFM: An Edge-Computing-Oriented Forwarding Mechanism for Information-Centric Networks. 2020 3rd International Conference on Hot Information-Centric Networking (HotICN). :154–159.
Information-Centric Networking (ICN) has attracted much attention as a promising future network design, which presents a paradigm shift from host-centric to content-centric. However, in edge computing scenarios, there is still no specific ICN forwarding mechanism to improve transmission performance. In this paper, we propose an edge-oriented forwarding mechanism (EFM) for edge computing scenarios. The rationale is to enable edge nodes smarter, such as acting as agents for both consumers and providers to improve content retrieval and distribution. On the one hand, EFM can assist consumers: the edge router can be used either as a fast content repository to satisfy consumers’ requests or as a smart delegate of consumers to request content from upstream nodes. On the other hand, EFM can assist providers: EFM leverages the optimized in-network recovery/retransmission to detect packet loss or even accelerate the content distribution. The goal of our research is to improve the performance of edge networks. Simulation results based on ndnSIM indicate that EFM can enable efficient content retrieval and distribution, friendly to both consumers and providers.
2021-03-29
Kotra, A., Eldosouky, A., Sengupta, S..  2020.  Every Anonymization Begins with k: A Game-Theoretic Approach for Optimized k Selection in k-Anonymization. 2020 International Conference on Advances in Computing and Communication Engineering (ICACCE). :1–6.
Privacy preservation is one of the greatest concerns when data is shared between different organizations. On the one hand, releasing data for research purposes is inevitable. On the other hand, sharing this data can jeopardize users' privacy. An effective solution, for the sharing organizations, is to use anonymization techniques to hide the users' sensitive information. One of the most popular anonymization techniques is k-Anonymization in which any data record is indistinguishable from at least k-1 other records. However, one of the fundamental challenges in choosing the value of k is the trade-off between achieving a higher privacy and the information loss associated with the anonymization. In this paper, the problem of choosing the optimal anonymization level for k-anonymization, under possible attacks, is studied when multiple organizations share their data to a common platform. In particular, two common types of attacks are considered that can target the k-anonymization technique. To this end, a novel game-theoretic framework is proposed to model the interactions between the sharing organizations and the attacker. The problem is formulated as a static game and its different Nash equilibria solutions are analytically derived. Simulation results show that the proposed framework can significantly improve the utility of the sharing organizations through optimizing the choice of k value.
Dai, Q., Shi, L..  2020.  A Game-Theoretic Analysis of Cyber Attack-Mitigation in Centralized Feeder Automation System. 2020 IEEE Power Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM). :1–5.
The intelligent electronic devices widely deployed across the distribution network are inevitably making the feeder automation (FA) system more vulnerable to cyber-attacks, which would lead to disastrous socio-economic impacts. This paper proposes a three-stage game-theoretic framework that the defender allocates limited security resources to minimize the economic impacts on FA system while the attacker deploys limited attack resources to maximize the corresponding impacts. Meanwhile, the probability of successful attack is calculated based on the Bayesian attack graph, and a fault-tolerant location technique for centralized FA system is elaborately considered during analysis. The proposed game-theoretic framework is converted into a two-level zero-sum game model and solved by the particle swarm optimization (PSO) combined with a generalized reduced gradient algorithm. Finally, the proposed model is validated on distribution network for RBTS bus 2.
2021-03-16
Li, M., Wang, F., Gupta, S..  2020.  Data-driven fault model development for superconducting logic. 2020 IEEE International Test Conference (ITC). :1—5.

Superconducting technology is being seriously explored for certain applications. We propose a new clean-slate method to derive fault models from large numbers of simulation results. For this technology, our method identifies completely new fault models – overflow, pulse-escape, and pattern-sensitive – in addition to the well-known stuck-at faults.

2021-03-15
Chai, L., Ren, P., Du, Q..  2020.  A Secure Transmission Scheme Based on Efficient Transmission Fountain Code. 2020 IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC). :600–604.

Improving the security of data transmission in wireless channels is a key and challenging problem in wireless communication. This paper presents a data security transmission scheme based on high efficiency fountain code. If the legitimate receiver can decode all the original files before the eavesdropper, it can guarantee the safe transmission of the data, so we use the efficient coding scheme of the fountain code to ensure the efficient transmission of the data, and add the feedback mechanism to the transmission of the fountain code so that the coding scheme can be updated dynamically according to the decoding situation of the legitimate receiver. Simulation results show that the scheme has high security and transmitter transmission efficiency in the presence of eavesdropping scenarios.

2021-03-09
Ho, W.-G., Ng, C.-S., Kyaw, N. A., Lwin, N. Kyaw Zwa, Chong, K.-S., Gwee, B.-H..  2020.  High Efficiency Early-Complete Brute Force Elimination Method for Security Analysis of Camouflage IC. 2020 IEEE Asia Pacific Conference on Circuits and Systems (APCCAS). :161—164.

We propose a high efficiency Early-Complete Brute Force Elimination method that speeds up the analysis flow of the Camouflage Integrated Circuit (IC). The proposed method is targeted for security qualification of the Camouflaged IC netlists in Intellectual Property (IP) protection. There are two main features in the proposed method. First, the proposed method features immediate elimination of the incorrect Camouflage gates combination for the rest of computation, concentrating the resources into other potential correct Camouflage gates combination. Second, the proposed method features early complete, i.e. revealing the correct Camouflage gates once all incorrect gates combination are eliminated, increasing the computation speed for the overall security analysis. Based on the Python programming platform, we implement the algorithm of the proposed method and test it for three circuits including ISCAS’89 benchmarks. From the simulation results, our proposed method, on average, features 71% lesser number of trials and 79% shorter run time as compared to the conventional method in revealing the correct Camouflage gates from the Camouflaged IC netlist.

2021-03-01
Xiao, R., Li, X., Pan, M., Zhao, N., Jiang, F., Wang, X..  2020.  Traffic Off-Loading over Uncertain Shared Spectrums with End-to-End Session Guarantee. 2020 IEEE 92nd Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2020-Fall). :1–5.
As a promising solution of spectrum shortage, spectrum sharing has received tremendous interests recently. However, under different sharing policies of different licensees, the shared spectrum is heterogeneous both temporally and spatially, and is usually uncertain due to the unpredictable activities of incumbent users. In this paper, considering the spectrum uncertainty, we propose a spectrum sharing based delay-tolerant traffic off-loading (SDTO) scheme. To capture the available heterogeneous shared bands, we adopt a mesh cognitive radio network and employ the multi-hop transmission mode. To statistically guarantee the end-to-end (E2E) session request under the uncertain spectrum supply, we formulate the SDTO scheme into a stochastic optimization problem, which is transformed into a mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem. Then, a coarse-fine search based iterative heuristic algorithm is proposed to solve the MINLP problem. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed SDTO scheme can well schedule the network resource with an E2E session guarantee.
2021-02-22
Alzakari, N., Dris, A. B., Alahmadi, S..  2020.  Randomized Least Frequently Used Cache Replacement Strategy for Named Data Networking. 2020 3rd International Conference on Computer Applications Information Security (ICCAIS). :1–6.
To accommodate the rapidly changing Internet requirements, Information-Centric Networking (ICN) was recently introduced as a promising architecture for the future Internet. One of the ICN primary features is `in-network caching'; due to its ability to minimize network traffic and respond faster to users' requests. Therefore, various caching algorithms have been presented that aim to enhance the network performance using different measures, such as cache hit ratio and cache hit distance. Choosing a caching strategy is critical, and an adequate replacement strategy is also required to decide which content should be dropped. Thus, in this paper, we propose a content replacement scheme for ICN, called Randomized LFU that is implemented with respect to content popularity taking the time complexity into account. We use Abilene and Tree network topologies in our simulation models. The proposed replacement achieves encouraging results in terms of the cache hit ratio, inner hit, and hit distance and it outperforms FIFO, LRU, and Random replacement strategies.
2021-02-08
Kwasinski, A..  2020.  Modeling of Cyber-Physical Intra-Dependencies in Electric Power Grids and Their Effect on Resilience. 2020 8th Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems. :1–6.
This paper studies the modeling of cyber-physical dependencies observed within power grids and the effects of these intra-dependencies, on power grid resilience, which is evaluated quantitatively. A fundamental contribution of this paper is the description of the critically important role played by cyber-physical buffers as key components to limit the negative effect of intra-dependencies on power grids resilience. Although resilience issues in the electric power provision service could be limited thanks to the use of local energy storage devices as the realization of service buffers, minimal to no autonomy in data connectivity buffers make cyber vulnerabilities specially critical in terms of resilience. This paper also explains how these models can be used for improved power grids resilience planning considering internal cyber-physical interactions.