Visible to the public Biblio

Found 2237 results

Filters: Keyword is privacy  [Clear All Filters]
Iv, James K. Howes, Georgiou, Marios, Malozemoff, Alex J., Shrimpton, Thomas.  2022.  Security Foundations for Application-Based Covert Communication Channels. 2022 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (SP). :1971—1986.
We introduce the notion of an application-based covert channel—or ABCC—which provides a formal syntax for describing covert channels that tunnel messages through existing protocols. Our syntax captures many recent systems, including DeltaShaper (PETS 2017) and Protozoa (CCS 2020). We also define what it means for an ABCC to be secure against a passive eavesdropper, and prove that suitable abstractions of existing censorship circumvention systems satisfy our security notion. In doing so, we define a number of important non-cryptographic security assumptions that are often made implicitly in prior work. We believe our formalisms may be useful to censorship circumvention developers for reasoning about the security of their systems and the associated security assumptions required.
Acheampong, Edward Mensah, Zhou, Shijie, Liao, Yongjian, Antwi-Boasiako, Emmanuel, Obiri, Isaac Amankona.  2022.  Smart Health Records Sharing Scheme based on Partially Policy-Hidden CP-ABE with Leakage Resilience. 2022 IEEE 24th Int Conf on High Performance Computing & Communications; 8th Int Conf on Data Science & Systems; 20th Int Conf on Smart City; 8th Int Conf on Dependability in Sensor, Cloud & Big Data Systems & Application (HPCC/DSS/SmartCity/DependSys). :1408—1415.
With the rapid innovation of cloud computing technologies, which has enhanced the application of the Internet of Things (IoT), smart health (s-health) is expected to enhance the quality of the healthcare system. However, s-health records (SHRs) outsourcing, storage, and sharing via a cloud server must be protected and users attribute privacy issues from the public domain. Ciphertext policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) is the cryptographic primitive which is promising to provide fine-grained access control in the cloud environment. However, the direct application of traditional CP-ABE has brought a lot of security issues like attributes' privacy violations and vulnerability in the future by potential powerful attackers like side-channel and cold-bot attacks. To solve these problems, a lot of CP-ABE schemes have been proposed but none of them concurrently support partially policy-hidden and leakage resilience. Hence, we propose a new Smart Health Records Sharing Scheme that will be based on Partially Policy-Hidden CP-ABE with Leakage Resilience which is resilient to bound leakage from each of many secret keys per user, as well as many master keys, and ensure attribute privacy. Our scheme hides attribute values of users in both secret key and ciphertext which contain sensitive information in the cloud environment and are fully secure in the standard model under the static assumptions.
Yarava, Rokesh Kumar, Rao, G.Rama Chandra, Garapati, Yugandhar, Babu, G.Charles, Prasad, Srisailapu D Vara.  2022.  Analysis on the Development of Cloud Security using Privacy Attribute Data Sharing. 2022 First International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, Information and Communication Technologies (ICEEICT). :1—5.
The data sharing is a helpful and financial assistance provided by CC. Information substance security also rises out of it since the information is moved to some cloud workers. To ensure the sensitive and important data; different procedures are utilized to improve access manage on collective information. Here strategies, Cipher text-policyattribute based encryption (CP-ABE) might create it very helpful and safe. The conventionalCP-ABE concentrates on information privacy only; whereas client's personal security protection is a significant problem as of now. CP-ABE byhidden access (HA) strategy makes sure information privacy and ensures that client's protection isn't exposed also. Nevertheless, the vast majority of the current plans are ineffectivein correspondence overhead and calculation cost. In addition, the vast majority of thismechanism takes no thought regardingabilityauthenticationor issue of security spillescapein abilityverificationstage. To handle the issues referenced over, a security protectsCP-ABE methodby proficient influenceauthenticationis presented in this manuscript. Furthermore, its privacy keys accomplish consistent size. In the meantime, the suggestedplan accomplishes the specific safetyin decisional n-BDHE issue and decisional direct presumption. The computational outcomes affirm the benefits of introduced method.
Wang, Jingyi, Huang, Cheng, Ma, Yiming, Wang, Huiyuan, Peng, Chao, Yu, HouHui.  2022.  BA-CPABE : An auditable Ciphertext-Policy Attribute Based Encryption Based on Blockchain. 2022 International Conference on Blockchain Technology and Information Security (ICBCTIS). :193—197.
At present, the ciphertext-policy attribute based encryption (CP-ABE) has been widely used in different fields of data sharing such as cross-border paperless trade, digital government and etc. However, there still exist some challenges including single point of failure, key abuse and key unaccountable issues in CP-ABE. To address these problems. We propose an accountable CP-ABE mechanism based on block chain system. First, we establish two authorization agencies MskCA and AttrVN(Attribute verify Network),where the MskCA can realize master key escrow, and the AttrVN manages and validates users' attributes. In this way, our system can avoid the single point of failure and improve the privacy of user attributes and security of keys. Moreover, in order to realize auditability of CP-ABE key parameter transfer, we introduce the did and record parameter transfer process on the block chain. Finally, we theoretically prove the security of our CP-ABE. Through comprehensive comparison, the superiority of CP-ABE is verified. At the same time, our proposed schemes have some properties such as fast decryption and so on.
Ponce-de-Leon, Hernán, Kinder, Johannes.  2022.  Cats vs. Spectre: An Axiomatic Approach to Modeling Speculative Execution Attacks. 2022 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (SP). :235–248.

The SPECTRE family of speculative execution attacks has required a rethinking of formal methods for security. Approaches based on operational speculative semantics have made initial inroads towards finding vulnerable code and validating defenses. However, with each new attack grows the amount of microarchitectural detail that has to be integrated into the underlying semantics. We propose an alternative, lightweight and axiomatic approach to specifying speculative semantics that relies on insights from memory models for concurrency. We use the CAT modeling language for memory consistency to specify execution models that capture speculative control flow, store-to-load forwarding, predictive store forwarding, and memory ordering machine clears. We present a bounded model checking framework parameterized by our speculative CAT models and evaluate its implementation against the state of the art. Due to the axiomatic approach, our models can be rapidly extended to allow our framework to detect new types of attacks and validate defenses against them.

ISSN: 2375-1207

Wei, Yuecen, Fu, Xingcheng, Sun, Qingyun, Peng, Hao, Wu, Jia, Wang, Jinyan, Li, Xianxian.  2022.  Heterogeneous Graph Neural Network for Privacy-Preserving Recommendation. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (ICDM). :528–537.
Social networks are considered to be heterogeneous graph neural networks (HGNNs) with deep learning technological advances. HGNNs, compared to homogeneous data, absorb various aspects of information about individuals in the training stage. That means more information has been covered in the learning result, especially sensitive information. However, the privacy-preserving methods on homogeneous graphs only preserve the same type of node attributes or relationships, which cannot effectively work on heterogeneous graphs due to the complexity. To address this issue, we propose a novel heterogeneous graph neural network privacy-preserving method based on a differential privacy mechanism named HeteDP, which provides a double guarantee on graph features and topology. In particular, we first define a new attack scheme to reveal privacy leakage in the heterogeneous graphs. Specifically, we design a two-stage pipeline framework, which includes the privacy-preserving feature encoder and the heterogeneous link reconstructor with gradients perturbation based on differential privacy to tolerate data diversity and against the attack. To better control the noise and promote model performance, we utilize a bi-level optimization pattern to allocate a suitable privacy budget for the above two modules. Our experiments on four public benchmarks show that the HeteDP method is equipped to resist heterogeneous graph privacy leakage with admirable model generalization.
ISSN: 2374-8486
Lai, Chengzhe, Wang, Menghua, Zheng, Dong.  2022.  SPDT: Secure and Privacy-Preserving Scheme for Digital Twin-based Traffic Control. 2022 IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC). :144–149.
With the increasing complexity of the driving environment, more and more attention has been paid to the research on improving the intelligentization of traffic control. Among them, the digital twin-based internet of vehicle can establish a mirror system on the cloud to improve the efficiency of communication between vehicles, provide warning and safety instructions for drivers, avoid driving potential dangers. To ensure the security and effectiveness of data sharing in traffic control, this paper proposes a secure and privacy-preserving scheme for digital twin-based traffic control. Specifically, in the data uploading phase, we employ a group signature with a time-bound keys technique to realize data source authentication with efficient members revocation and privacy protection, which can ensure that data can be securely stored on cloud service providers after it synchronizes to its twin. In the data sharing stage, we employ the secure and efficient attribute-based access control technique to provide flexible and efficient data sharing, in which the parameters of a specific sub-policy can be stored during the first decryption and reused in subsequent data access containing the same sub-policy, thus reducing the computing complexity. Finally, we analyze the security and efficiency of the scheme theoretically.
ISSN: 2377-8644
Zhang, Qirui, Meng, Siqi, Liu, Kun, Dai, Wei.  2022.  Design of Privacy Mechanism for Cyber Physical Systems: A Nash Q-learning Approach. 2022 China Automation Congress (CAC). :6361–6365.
This paper studies the problem of designing optimal privacy mechanism with less energy cost. The eavesdropper and the defender with limited resources should choose which channel to eavesdrop and defend, respectively. A zero-sum stochastic game framework is used to model the interaction between the two players and the game is solved through the Nash Q-learning approach. A numerical example is given to verify the proposed method.
ISSN: 2688-0938
Luo, Man, Yan, Hairong.  2022.  A graph anonymity-based privacy protection scheme for smart city scenarios. 2022 IEEE 6th Advanced Information Technology, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (IAEAC ). :489–492.
The development of science and technology has led to the construction of smart cities, and in this scenario, there are many applications that need to provide their real-time location information, which is very likely to cause the leakage of personal location privacy. To address this situation, this paper designs a location privacy protection scheme based on graph anonymity, which is based on the privacy protection idea of K-anonymity, and represents the spatial distribution among APs in the form of a graph model, using the method of finding clustered noisy fingerprint information in the graph model to ensure a similar performance to the real location fingerprint in the localization process, and thus will not be distinguished by the location providers. Experiments show that this scheme can improve the effectiveness of virtual locations and reduce the time cost using greedy strategy, which can effectively protect location privacy.
ISSN: 2689-6621
Yu, Juan.  2022.  Research on Location Information and Privacy Protection Based on Big Data. 2022 International Conference on Industrial IoT, Big Data and Supply Chain (IIoTBDSC). :226–229.
In the context of big data era, in order to prevent malicious access and information leakage during data services, researchers put forward a location big data encryption method based on privacy protection in practical exploration. According to the problems arising from the development of information network in recent years, users often encounter the situation of randomly obtaining location information in the network environment, which not only threatens their privacy security, but also affects the effective transmission of information. Therefore, this study proposed the privacy protection as the core position of big data encryption method, must first clear position with large data representation and positioning information, distinguish between processing position information and the unknown information, the fuzzy encryption theory, dynamic location data regrouping, eventually build privacy protection as the core of the encryption algorithm. The empirical results show that this method can not only effectively block the intrusion of attack data, but also effectively control the error of position data encryption.
Naseri, Amir Mohammad, Lucia, Walter, Youssef, Amr.  2022.  A Privacy Preserving Solution for Cloud-Enabled Set-Theoretic Model Predictive Control. 2022 European Control Conference (ECC). :894–899.
Cloud computing solutions enable Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) to utilize significant computational resources and implement sophisticated control algorithms even if limited computation capabilities are locally available for these systems. However, such a control architecture suffers from an important concern related to the privacy of sensor measurements and the computed control inputs within the cloud. This paper proposes a solution that allows implementing a set-theoretic model predictive controller on the cloud while preserving this privacy. This is achieved by exploiting the offline computations of the robust one-step controllable sets used by the controller and two affine transformations of the sensor measurements and control optimization problem. It is shown that the transformed and original control problems are equivalent (i.e., the optimal control input can be recovered from the transformed one) and that privacy is preserved if the control algorithm is executed on the cloud. Moreover, we show how the actuator can take advantage of the set-theoretic nature of the controller to verify, through simple set-membership tests, if the control input received from the cloud is admissible. The correctness of the proposed solution is verified by means of a simulation experiment involving a dual-tank water system.
Qin, Shuying, Fang, Chongrong, He, Jianping.  2022.  Towards Characterization of General Conditions for Correlated Differential Privacy. 2022 IEEE 19th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Smart Systems (MASS). :364–372.
Differential privacy is a widely-used metric, which provides rigorous privacy definitions and strong privacy guarantees. Much of the existing studies on differential privacy are based on datasets where the tuples are independent, and thus are not suitable for correlated data protection. In this paper, we focus on correlated differential privacy, by taking the data correlations and the prior knowledge of the initial data into account. The data correlations are modeled by Bayesian conditional probabilities, and the prior knowledge refers to the exact values of the data. We propose general correlated differential privacy conditions for the discrete and continuous random noise-adding mechanisms, respectively. In case that the conditions are inaccurate due to the insufficient prior knowledge, we introduce the tuple dependence based on rough set theory to improve the correlated differential privacy conditions. The obtained theoretical results reveal the relationship between the correlations and the privacy parameters. Moreover, the improved privacy condition helps strengthen the mechanism utility. Finally, evaluations are conducted over a micro-grid system to verify the privacy protection levels and utility guaranteed by correlated differential private mechanisms.
ISSN: 2155-6814
Yao, Jingshi, Yin, Xiang, Li, Shaoyuan.  2022.  Sensor Deception Attacks Against Initial-State Privacy in Supervisory Control Systems. 2022 IEEE 61st Conference on Decision and Control (CDC). :4839–4845.
This paper investigates the problem of synthesizing sensor deception attackers against privacy in the context of supervisory control of discrete-event systems (DES). We consider a plant controlled by a supervisor, which is subject to sensor deception attacks. Specifically, we consider an active attacker that can tamper with the observations received by the supervisor. The privacy requirement of the supervisory control system is to maintain initial-state opacity, i.e., it does not want to reveal the fact that it was initiated from a secret state during its operation. On the other hand, the attacker aims to deceive the supervisor, by tampering with its observations, such that initial-state opacity is violated due to incorrect control actions. We investigate from the attacker’s point of view by presenting an effective approach for synthesizing sensor attack strategies threatening the privacy of the system. To this end, we propose the All Attack Structure (AAS) that records state estimates for both the supervisor and the attacker. This structure serves as a basis for synthesizing a sensor attack strategy. We also discuss how to simplify the synthesis complexity by leveraging the structural properties. A running academic example is provided to illustrate the synthesis procedure.
ISSN: 2576-2370
Arca, Sevgi, Hewett, Rattikorn.  2022.  Anonymity-driven Measures for Privacy. 2022 6th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP). :6–10.
In today’s world, digital data are enormous due to technologies that advance data collection, storage, and analyses. As more data are shared or publicly available, privacy is of great concern. Having privacy means having control over your data. The first step towards privacy protection is to understand various aspects of privacy and have the ability to quantify them. Much work in structured data, however, has focused on approaches to transforming the original data into a more anonymous form (via generalization and suppression) while preserving the data integrity. Such anonymization techniques count data instances of each set of distinct attribute values of interest to signify the required anonymity to protect an individual’s identity or confidential data. While this serves the purpose, our research takes an alternative approach to provide quick privacy measures by way of anonymity especially when dealing with large-scale data. This paper presents a study of anonymity measures based on their relevant properties that impact privacy. Specifically, we identify three properties: uniformity, variety, and diversity, and formulate their measures. The paper provides illustrated examples to evaluate their validity and discusses the use of multi-aspects of anonymity and privacy measures.
Saxena, Aditi, Arora, Akarshi, Saxena, Saumya, Kumar, Ashwni.  2022.  Detection of web attacks using machine learning based URL classification techniques. 2022 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Technologies (CONIT). :1–13.
For a long time, online attacks were regarded to pose a severe threat to web - based applications, websites, and clients. It can bypass authentication methods, steal sensitive information from datasets and clients, and also gain ultimate authority of servers. A variety of ways for safeguarding online apps have been developed and used to deal the website risks. Based on the studies about the intersection of cybersecurity and machine learning, countermeasures for identifying typical web assaults have recently been presented (ML). In order to establish a better understanding on this essential topic, it is necessary to study ML methodologies, feature extraction techniques, evaluate datasets, and performance metrics utilised in a systematic manner. In this paper, we go through web security flaws like SQLi, XSS, malicious URLs, phishing attacks, path traversal, and CMDi in detail. We also go through the existing security methods for detecting these threats using machine learning approaches for URL classification. Finally, we discuss potential research opportunities for ML and DL-based techniques in this category, based on a thorough examination of existing solutions in the literature.
Dutta, Ashutosh, Hammad, Eman, Enright, Michael, Behmann, Fawzi, Chorti, Arsenia, Cheema, Ahmad, Kadio, Kassi, Urbina-Pineda, Julia, Alam, Khaled, Limam, Ahmed et al..  2022.  Security and Privacy. 2022 IEEE Future Networks World Forum (FNWF). :1–71.
The digital transformation brought on by 5G is redefining current models of end-to-end (E2E) connectivity and service reliability to include security-by-design principles necessary to enable 5G to achieve its promise. 5G trustworthiness highlights the importance of embedding security capabilities from the very beginning while the 5G architecture is being defined and standardized. Security requirements need to overlay and permeate through the different layers of 5G systems (physical, network, and application) as well as different parts of an E2E 5G architecture within a risk-management framework that takes into account the evolving security-threats landscape. 5G presents a typical use-case of wireless communication and computer networking convergence, where 5G fundamental building blocks include components such as Software Defined Networks (SDN), Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) and the edge cloud. This convergence extends many of the security challenges and opportunities applicable to SDN/NFV and cloud to 5G networks. Thus, 5G security needs to consider additional security requirements (compared to previous generations) such as SDN controller security, hypervisor security, orchestrator security, cloud security, edge security, etc. At the same time, 5G networks offer security improvement opportunities that should be considered. Here, 5G architectural flexibility, programmability and complexity can be harnessed to improve resilience and reliability. The working group scope fundamentally addresses the following: •5G security considerations need to overlay and permeate through the different layers of the 5G systems (physical, network, and application) as well as different parts of an E2E 5G architecture including a risk management framework that takes into account the evolving security threats landscape. •5G exemplifies a use-case of heterogeneous access and computer networking convergence, which extends a unique set of security challenges and opportunities (e.g., related to SDN/NFV and edge cloud, etc.) to 5G networks. Similarly, 5G networks by design offer potential security benefits and opportunities through harnessing the architecture flexibility, programmability and complexity to improve its resilience and reliability. •The IEEE FNI security WG's roadmap framework follows a taxonomic structure, differentiating the 5G functional pillars and corresponding cybersecurity risks. As part of cross collaboration, the security working group will also look into the security issues associated with other roadmap working groups within the IEEE Future Network Initiative.
ISSN: 2770-7679
Iqbal, Sarfraz.  2022.  Analyzing Initial Design Theory Components for Developing Information Security Laboratories. 2022 6th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP). :36–40.
Online information security labs intended for training and facilitating hands-on learning for distance students at master’s level are not easy to develop and administer. This research focuses on analyzing the results of a DSR project for design, development, and implementation of an InfoSec lab. This research work contributes to the existing research by putting forth an initial outline of a generalized model for design theory for InfoSec labs aimed at hands-on education of students in the field of information security. The anatomy of design theory framework is used to analyze the necessary components of the anticipated design theory for InfoSec labs in future.
Lu, Chaofan.  2022.  Research on the technical application of artificial intelligence in network intrusion detection system. 2022 International Conference on Electronics and Devices, Computational Science (ICEDCS). :109–112.
Network intrusion detection technology has been a popular application technology for current network security, but the existing network intrusion detection technology in the application process, there are problems such as low detection efficiency, low detection accuracy and other poor detection performance. To solve the above problems, a new treatment combining artificial intelligence with network intrusion detection is proposed. Artificial intelligence-based network intrusion detection technology refers to the application of artificial intelligence techniques, such as: neural networks, neural algorithms, etc., to network intrusion detection, and the application of these artificial intelligence techniques makes the automatic detection of network intrusion detection models possible.
Zhang, Zongyu, Zhou, Chengwei, Yan, Chenggang, Shi, Zhiguo.  2022.  Deterministic Ziv-Zakai Bound for Compressive Time Delay Estimation. 2022 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarConf22). :1–5.
Compressive radar receiver has attracted a lot of research interest due to its capability to keep balance between sub-Nyquist sampling and high resolution. In evaluating the performance of compressive time delay estimator, Cramer-Rao bound (CRB) has been commonly utilized for lower bounding the mean square error (MSE). However, behaving as a local bound, CRB is not tight in the a priori performance region. In this paper, we introduce the Ziv-Zakai bound (ZZB) methodology into compressive sensing framework, and derive a deterministic ZZB for compressive time delay estimators as a function of the compressive sensing kernel. By effectively incorporating the a priori information of the unknown time delay, the derived ZZB performs much tighter than CRB especially in the a priori performance region. Simulation results demonstrate that the derived ZZB outperforms the Bayesian CRB over a wide range of signal-to-noise ratio, where different types of a priori distribution of time delay are considered.
Nicholls, D., Robinson, A., Wells, J., Moshtaghpour, A., Bahri, M., Kirkland, A., Browning, N..  2022.  Compressive Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy. ICASSP 2022 - 2022 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP). :1586–1590.
Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (STEM) offers high-resolution images that are used to quantify the nanoscale atomic structure and composition of materials and biological specimens. In many cases, however, the resolution is limited by the electron beam damage, since in traditional STEM, a focused electron beam scans every location of the sample in a raster fashion. In this paper, we propose a scanning method based on the theory of Compressive Sensing (CS) and subsampling the electron probe locations using a line hop sampling scheme that significantly reduces the electron beam damage. We experimentally validate the feasibility of the proposed method by acquiring real CS-STEM data, and recovering images using a Bayesian dictionary learning approach. We support the proposed method by applying a series of masks to fully-sampled STEM data to simulate the expectation of real CS-STEM. Finally, we perform the real data experimental series using a constrained-dose budget to limit the impact of electron dose upon the results, by ensuring that the total electron count remains constant for each image.
ISSN: 2379-190X
Huang, Wenwei, Cao, Chunhong, Hong, Sixia, Gao, Xieping.  2022.  ISTA-based Adaptive Sparse Sampling Network for Compressive Sensing MRI Reconstruction. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine (BIBM). :999–1004.
The compressed sensing (CS) method can reconstruct images with a small amount of under-sampling data, which is an effective method for fast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). As the traditional optimization-based models for MRI suffered from non-adaptive sampling and shallow” representation ability, they were unable to characterize the rich patterns in MRI data. In this paper, we propose a CS MRI method based on iterative shrinkage threshold algorithm (ISTA) and adaptive sparse sampling, called DSLS-ISTA-Net. Corresponding to the sampling and reconstruction of the CS method, the network framework includes two folders: the sampling sub-network and the improved ISTA reconstruction sub-network which are coordinated with each other through end-to-end training in an unsupervised way. The sampling sub-network and ISTA reconstruction sub-network are responsible for the implementation of adaptive sparse sampling and deep sparse representation respectively. In the testing phase, we investigate different modules and parameters in the network structure, and perform extensive experiments on MR images at different sampling rates to obtain the optimal network. Due to the combination of the advantages of the model-based method and the deep learning-based method in this method, and taking both adaptive sampling and deep sparse representation into account, the proposed networks significantly improve the reconstruction performance compared to the art-of-state CS-MRI approaches.
Pham, Quang Duc, Hayasaki, Yoshio.  2022.  Time of flight three-dimensional imaging camera using compressive sampling technique with sparse frequency intensity modulation light source. 2022 IEEE CPMT Symposium Japan (ICSJ). :168–171.
The camera constructed by a megahertz range intensity modulation active light source and a kilo-frame rate range fast camera based on compressive sensing (CS) technique for three-dimensional (3D) image acquisition was proposed in this research.
ISSN: 2475-8418
Barac, Petar, Bajor, Matthew, Kinget, Peter R..  2022.  Compressive-Sampling Spectrum Scanning with a Beamforming Receiver for Rapid, Directional, Wideband Signal Detection. 2022 IEEE 95th Vehicular Technology Conference: (VTC2022-Spring). :1–5.
Communication systems across a variety of applications are increasingly using the angular domain to improve spectrum management. They require new sensing architectures to perform energy-efficient measurements of the electromagnetic environment that can be deployed in a variety of use cases. This paper presents the Directional Spectrum Sensor (DSS), a compressive sampling (CS) based analog-to-information converter (CS-AIC) that performs spectrum scanning in a focused beam. The DSS offers increased spectrum sensing sensitivity and interferer tolerance compared to omnidirectional sensors. The DSS implementation uses a multi-antenna beamforming architecture with local oscillators that are modulated with pseudo random waveforms to obtain CS measurements. The overall operation, limitations, and the influence of wideband angular effects on the spectrum scanning performance are discussed. Measurements on an experimental prototype are presented and highlight improvements over single antenna, omnidirectional sensing systems.
ISSN: 2577-2465
Liu, Cen, Luo, Laiwei, Wang, Jun, Zhang, Chao, Pan, Changyong.  2022.  A New Digital Predistortion Based On B spline Function With Compressive Sampling Pruning. 2022 International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing (IWCMC). :1200–1205.
A power amplifier(PA) is inherently nonlinear device and is used in a communication system widely. Due to the nonlinearity of PA, the communication system is hard to work well. Digital predistortion (DPD) is the way to solve this problem. Using Volterra function to fit the PA is what most DPD solutions do. However, when it comes to wideband signal, there is a deduction on the performance of the Volterra function. In this paper, we replace the Volterra function with B-spline function which performs better on fitting PA at wideband signal. And the other benefit is that the orthogonality of coding matrix A could be improved, enhancing the stability of computation. Additionally, we use compressive sampling to reduce the complexity of the function model.
ISSN: 2376-6506
Lotfollahi, Mahsa, Tran, Nguyen, Gajjela, Chalapathi, Berisha, Sebastian, Han, Zhu, Mayerich, David, Reddy, Rohith.  2022.  Adaptive Compressive Sampling for Mid-Infrared Spectroscopic Imaging. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP). :2336–2340.
Mid-infrared spectroscopic imaging (MIRSI) is an emerging class of label-free, biochemically quantitative technologies targeting digital histopathology. Conventional histopathology relies on chemical stains that alter tissue color. This approach is qualitative, often making histopathologic examination subjective and difficult to quantify. MIRSI addresses these challenges through quantitative and repeatable imaging that leverages native molecular contrast. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) imaging, the best-known MIRSI technology, has two challenges that have hindered its widespread adoption: data collection speed and spatial resolution. Recent technological breakthroughs, such as photothermal MIRSI, provide an order of magnitude improvement in spatial resolution. However, this comes at the cost of acquisition speed, which is impractical for clinical tissue samples. This paper introduces an adaptive compressive sampling technique to reduce hyperspectral data acquisition time by an order of magnitude by leveraging spectral and spatial sparsity. This method identifies the most informative spatial and spectral features, integrates a fast tensor completion algorithm to reconstruct megapixel-scale images, and demonstrates speed advantages over FTIR imaging while providing spatial resolutions comparable to new photothermal approaches.
ISSN: 2381-8549