Visible to the public Biblio

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Van Vu, Thi, Luong, The Dung, Hoang, Van Quan.  2020.  An Elliptic Curve-based Protocol for Privacy Preserving Frequency Computation in 2-Part Fully Distributed Setting. 2020 12th International Conference on Knowledge and Systems Engineering (KSE). :91–96.
Privacy-preserving frequency computation is critical to privacy-preserving data mining in 2-Part Fully Distributed Setting (such as association rule analysis, clustering, and classification analysis) and has been investigated in many researches. However, these solutions are based on the Elgamal Cryptosystem, making computation and communication efficiency low. Therefore, this paper proposes an improved protocol using an Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem. The theoretical and experimental analysis shows that the proposed method is effective in both computing and communication compared to other methods.
Feng, Liu, Jie, Yang, Deli, Kong, Jiayin, Qi.  2020.  A Secure Multi-party Computation Protocol Combines Pederson Commitment with Schnorr Signature for Blockchain. 2020 IEEE 20th International Conference on Communication Technology (ICCT). :57—63.

Blockchain is being pursued by a growing number of people with its characteristics of openness, transparency, and decentralization. At the same time, how to secure privacy protection in such an open and transparent ledger is an urgent issue to be solved for deep study. Therefore, this paper proposes a protocol based on Secure multi-party computation, which can merge and sign different transaction messages under the anonymous condition by using Pedersen commitment and Schnorr Signature. Through the rationality proof and security analysis, this paper demonstrates the private transaction is safe under the semi-honest model. And its computational cost is less than the equivalent multi-signature model. The research has made some innovative contributions to the privacy computing theory.

Becher, Kilian, Beck, Martin, Strufe, Thorsten.  2019.  An Enhanced Approach to Cloud-based Privacy-preserving Benchmarking. 2019 International Conference on Networked Systems (NetSys). :1–8.
Benchmarking is an important measure for companies to investigate their performance and to increase efficiency. As companies usually are reluctant to provide their key performance indicators (KPIs) for public benchmarks, privacy-preserving benchmarking systems are required. In this paper, we present an enhanced privacy-preserving benchmarking protocol, which we implemented and evaluated based on the real-world scenario of product cost optimisation. It is based on homomorphic encryption and enables cloud-based KPI comparison, providing a variety of statistical measures. The theoretical and empirical evaluation of our benchmarking system underlines its practicability.
Unger, Nik, Thandra, Sahithi, Goldberg, Ian.  2016.  Elxa: Scalable Privacy-Preserving Plagiarism Detection. Proceedings of the 2016 ACM on Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society. :153–164.

One of the most challenging issues facing academic conferences and educational institutions today is plagiarism detection. Typically, these entities wish to ensure that the work products submitted to them have not been plagiarized from another source (e.g., authors submitting identical papers to multiple journals). Assembling large centralized databases of documents dramatically improves the effectiveness of plagiarism detection techniques, but introduces a number of privacy and legal issues: all document contents must be completely revealed to the database operator, making it an attractive target for abuse or attack. Moreover, this content aggregation involves the disclosure of potentially sensitive private content, and in some cases this disclosure may be prohibited by law. In this work, we introduce Elxa, the first scalable centralized plagiarism detection system that protects the privacy of the submissions. Elxa incorporates techniques from the current state of the art in plagiarism detection, as evaluated by the information retrieval community. Our system is designed to be operated on existing cloud computing infrastructure, and to provide incentives for the untrusted database operator to maintain the availability of the network. Elxa can be used to detect plagiarism in student work, duplicate paper submissions (and their associated peer reviews), similarities between confidential reports (e.g., malware summaries), or any approximate text reuse within a network of private documents. We implement a prototype using the Hadoop MapReduce framework, and demonstrate that it is feasible to achieve competitive detection effectiveness in the private setting.

Dou, Yanzhi, Zeng, Kexiong(Curtis), Li, He, Yang, Yaling, Gao, Bo, Guan, Chaowen, Ren, Kui, Li, Shaoqian.  2016.  P2-SAS: Preserving Users' Privacy in Centralized Dynamic Spectrum Access Systems. Proceedings of the 17th ACM International Symposium on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking and Computing. :321–330.

Centralized spectrum management is one of the key dynamic spectrum access (DSA) mechanisms proposed to govern the spectrum sharing between government incumbent users (IUs) and commercial secondary users (SUs). In the current centralized DSA designs, the operation data of both government IUs and commercial SUs needs to be shared with a central server. However, the operation data of government IUs is often classified information and the SU operation data may also be commercial secret. The current system design dissatisfies the privacy requirement of both IUs and SUs since the central server is not necessarily trust-worthy for holding such sensitive operation data. To address the privacy issue, this paper presents a privacy-preserving centralized DSA system (P2-SAS), which realizes the complex spectrum allocation process of DSA through efficient secure multi-party computation. In P2-SAS, none of the IU or SU operation data would be exposed to any snooping party, including the central server itself. We formally prove the correctness and privacy-preserving property of P2-SAS and evaluate its scalability and practicality using experiments based on real-world data. Experiment results show that P2-SAS can respond an SU's spectrum request in 6.96 seconds with communication overhead of less than 4 MB.

Ball, Marshall, Malkin, Tal, Rosulek, Mike.  2016.  Garbling Gadgets for Boolean and Arithmetic Circuits. Proceedings of the 2016 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security. :565–577.

We present simple, practical, and powerful new techniques for garbled circuits. These techniques result in significant concrete and asymptotic improvements over the state of the art, for several natural kinds of computations. For arithmetic circuits over the integers, our construction results in garbled circuits with free addition, weighted threshold gates with cost independent of fan-in, and exponentiation by a fixed exponent with cost independent of the exponent. For boolean circuits, our construction gives an exponential improvement over the state of the art for threshold gates (including AND/OR gates) of high fan-in. Our construction can be efficiently instantiated with practical symmetric-key primitives (e.g., AES), and is proven secure under similar assumptions to that of the Free-XOR garbling scheme (Kolesnikov & Schneider, ICALP 2008). We give an extensive comparison between our scheme and state-of-the-art garbling schemes applied to boolean circuits.

Prabhakaran, Manoj, Sahai, Amit.  2004.  New Notions of Security: Achieving Universal Composability Without Trusted Setup. Proceedings of the Thirty-sixth Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing. :242–251.

We propose a modification to the framework of Universally Composable (UC) security [3]. Our new notion involves comparing the real protocol execution with an ideal execution involving ideal functionalities (just as in UC-security), but allowing the environment and adversary access to some super-polynomial computational power. We argue the meaningfulness of the new notion, which in particular subsumes many of the traditional notions of security. We generalize the Universal Composition theorem of [3] to the new setting. Then under new computational assumptions, we realize secure multi-party computation (for static adversaries) without a common reference string or any other set-up assumptions, in the new framework. This is known to be impossible under the UC framework.

Veugen, T., de Haan, R., Cramer, R., Muller, F..  2015.  A Framework for Secure Computations With Two Non-Colluding Servers and Multiple Clients, Applied to Recommendations. Information Forensics and Security, IEEE Transactions on. 10:445-457.

We provide a generic framework that, with the help of a preprocessing phase that is independent of the inputs of the users, allows an arbitrary number of users to securely outsource a computation to two non-colluding external servers. Our approach is shown to be provably secure in an adversarial model where one of the servers may arbitrarily deviate from the protocol specification, as well as employ an arbitrary number of dummy users. We use these techniques to implement a secure recommender system based on collaborative filtering that becomes more secure, and significantly more efficient than previously known implementations of such systems, when the preprocessing efforts are excluded. We suggest different alternatives for preprocessing, and discuss their merits and demerits.