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Park, Sunnyeo, Kim, Dohyeok, Son, Sooel.  2019.  An Empirical Study of Prioritizing JavaScript Engine Crashes via Machine Learning. Proceedings of the 2019 ACM Asia Conference on Computer and Communications Security. :646–657.
The early discovery of security bugs in JavaScript (JS) engines is crucial for protecting Internet users from adversaries abusing zero-day vulnerabilities. Browser vendors, bug bounty hunters, and security researchers have been eager to find such security bugs by leveraging state-of-the-art fuzzers as well as their domain expertise. They report a bug when observing a crash after executing their JS test since a crash is an early indicator of a potential bug. However, it is difficult to identify whether such a crash indeed invokes security bugs in JS engines. Thus, unskilled bug reporters are unable to assess the security severity of their new bugs with JS engine crashes. Today, this classification of a reported security bug is completely manual, depending on the verdicts from JS engine vendors. We investigated the feasibility of applying various machine learning classifiers to determine whether an observed crash triggers a security bug. We designed and implemented CRScope, which classifies security and non-security bugs from given crash-dump files. Our experimental results on 766 crash instances demonstrate that CRScope achieved 0.85, 0.89, and 0.93 Area Under Curve (AUC) for Chakra, V8, and SpiderMonkey crashes, respectively. CRScope also achieved 0.84, 0.89, and 0.95 precision for Chakra, V8, and SpiderMonkey crashes, respectively. This outperforms the previous study and existing tools including Exploitable and AddressSanitizer. CRScope is capable of learning domain-specific expertise from the past verdicts on reported bugs and automatically classifying JS engine security bugs, which helps improve the scalable classification of security bugs.
Pajola, Luca, Pasa, Luca, Conti, Mauro.  2019.  Threat Is in the Air: Machine Learning for Wireless Network Applications. Proceedings of the ACM Workshop on Wireless Security and Machine Learning. :16–21.
With the spread of wireless application, huge amount of data is generated every day. Thanks to its elasticity, machine learning is becoming a fundamental brick in this field, and many of applications are developed with the use of it and the several techniques that it offers. However, machine learning suffers on different problems and people that use it often are not aware of the possible threats. Often, an adversary tries to exploit these vulnerabilities in order to obtain benefits; because of this, adversarial machine learning is becoming wide studied in the scientific community. In this paper, we show state-of-the-art adversarial techniques and possible countermeasures, with the aim of warning people regarding sensible argument related to the machine learning.
Zizzo, Giulio, Hankin, Chris, Maffeis, Sergio, Jones, Kevin.  2019.  Adversarial Machine Learning Beyond the Image Domain. Proceedings of the 56th Annual Design Automation Conference 2019. :1–4.
Machine learning systems have had enormous success in a wide range of fields from computer vision, natural language processing, and anomaly detection. However, such systems are vulnerable to attackers who can cause deliberate misclassification by introducing small perturbations. With machine learning systems being proposed for cyber attack detection such attackers are cause for serious concern. Despite this the vast majority of adversarial machine learning security research is focused on the image domain. This work gives a brief overview of adversarial machine learning and machine learning used in cyber attack detection and suggests key differences between the traditional image domain of adversarial machine learning and the cyber domain. Finally we show an adversarial machine learning attack on an industrial control system.
Vaccaro, Michelle, Waldo, Jim.  2019.  The Effects of Mixing Machine Learning and Human Judgment. 17:Pages30:19–Pages30:40.
Collaboration between humans and machines does not necessarily lead to better outcomes.
KADOGUCHI, Masashi, HAYASHI, Shota, HASHIMOTO, Masaki, OTSUKA, Akira.  2019.  Exploring the Dark Web for Cyber Threat Intelligence Using Machine Leaning. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Security Informatics (ISI). :200–202.
In recent years, cyber attack techniques are increasingly sophisticated, and blocking the attack is more and more difficult, even if a kind of counter measure or another is taken. In order for a successful handling of this situation, it is crucial to have a prediction of cyber attacks, appropriate precautions, and effective utilization of cyber intelligence that enables these actions. Malicious hackers share various kinds of information through particular communities such as the dark web, indicating that a great deal of intelligence exists in cyberspace. This paper focuses on forums on the dark web and proposes an approach to extract forums which include important information or intelligence from huge amounts of forums and identify traits of each forum using methodologies such as machine learning, natural language processing and so on. This approach will allow us to grasp the emerging threats in cyberspace and take appropriate measures against malicious activities.
Hou, Size, Huang, Xin.  2019.  Use of Machine Learning in Detecting Network Security of Edge Computing System. 2019 IEEE 4th International Conference on Big Data Analytics (ICBDA). :252–256.
This study has built a simulation of a smart home system by the Alibaba ECS. The architecture of hardware was based on edge computing technology. The whole method would design a clear classifier to find the boundary between regular and mutation codes. It could be applied in the detection of the mutation code of network. The project has used the dataset vector to divide them into positive and negative type, and the final result has shown the RBF-function SVM method perform best in this mission. This research has got a good network security detection in the IoT systems and increased the applications of machine learning.
Kurniawan, Agus, Kyas, Marcel.  2019.  Securing Machine Learning Engines in IoT Applications with Attribute-Based Encryption. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Security Informatics (ISI). :30–34.
Machine learning has been adopted widely to perform prediction and classification. Implementing machine learning increases security risks when computation process involves sensitive data on training and testing computations. We present a proposed system to protect machine learning engines in IoT environment without modifying internal machine learning architecture. Our proposed system is designed for passwordless and eliminated the third-party in executing machine learning transactions. To evaluate our a proposed system, we conduct experimental with machine learning transactions on IoT board and measure computation time each transaction. The experimental results show that our proposed system can address security issues on machine learning computation with low time consumption.
Patel, Yogesh, Ouazzane, Karim, Vassilev, Vassil T., Faruqi, Ibrahim, Walker, George L..  2019.  Keystroke Dynamics Using Auto Encoders. 2019 International Conference on Cyber Security and Protection of Digital Services (Cyber Security). :1–8.

In the modern day and age, credential based authentication systems no longer provide the level of security that many organisations and their services require. The level of trust in passwords has plummeted in recent years, with waves of cyber attacks predicated on compromised and stolen credentials. This method of authentication is also heavily reliant on the individual user's choice of password. There is the potential to build levels of security on top of credential based authentication systems, using a risk based approach, which preserves the seamless authentication experience for the end user. One method of adding this security to a risk based authentication framework, is keystroke dynamics. Monitoring the behaviour of the users and how they type, produces a type of digital signature which is unique to that individual. Learning this behaviour allows dynamic flags to be applied to anomalous typing patterns that are produced by attackers using stolen credentials, as a potential risk of fraud. Methods from statistics and machine learning have been explored to try and implement such solutions. This paper will look at an Autoencoder model for learning the keystroke dynamics of specific users. The results from this paper show an improvement over the traditional tried and tested statistical approaches with an Equal Error Rate of 6.51%, with the additional benefits of relatively low training times and less reliance on feature engineering.

Yao, Yuanshun, Li, Huiying, Zheng, Haitao, Zhao, Ben Y..  2019.  Latent Backdoor Attacks on Deep Neural Networks. Proceedings of the 2019 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security. :2041–2055.
Recent work proposed the concept of backdoor attacks on deep neural networks (DNNs), where misclassification rules are hidden inside normal models, only to be triggered by very specific inputs. However, these "traditional" backdoors assume a context where users train their own models from scratch, which rarely occurs in practice. Instead, users typically customize "Teacher" models already pretrained by providers like Google, through a process called transfer learning. This customization process introduces significant changes to models and disrupts hidden backdoors, greatly reducing the actual impact of backdoors in practice. In this paper, we describe latent backdoors, a more powerful and stealthy variant of backdoor attacks that functions under transfer learning. Latent backdoors are incomplete backdoors embedded into a "Teacher" model, and automatically inherited by multiple "Student" models through transfer learning. If any Student models include the label targeted by the backdoor, then its customization process completes the backdoor and makes it active. We show that latent backdoors can be quite effective in a variety of application contexts, and validate its practicality through real-world attacks against traffic sign recognition, iris identification of volunteers, and facial recognition of public figures (politicians). Finally, we evaluate 4 potential defenses, and find that only one is effective in disrupting latent backdoors, but might incur a cost in classification accuracy as tradeoff.
Tang, Xuemei, Liang, Shichen, Liu, Zhiying.  2019.  Authorship Attribution of The Golden Lotus Based on Text Classification Methods. Proceedings of the 2019 3rd International Conference on Innovation in Artificial Intelligence. :69–72.
In this paper, we explore the authorship attribution of The Golden Lotus using the traditional machine learning method of text classification. There are four candidate authors: Shizhen Wang, Wei Xu, Kaixian Li and Zhideng Wang. We choose The Golden Lotus's poems and four candidate authors' poems as data set. According to the characteristics of Chinese ancient poem, we choose Chinese character, rhyme, genre and overlapped word as features. We use six supervised machine learning algorithms, including Logistic Regression, Random Forests, Decision Tree and Naive Bayes, SVM and KNN classifiers respectively for text binary classification and multi-classification. According to two experiments results, the style of writing of Wei Xu's poems is the most similar to that of The Golden Lotus. It is proved that among four authors, Wei Xu most likely be the author of The Golden Lotus.
Pascucci, Antonio, Masucci, Vincenzo, Monti, Johanna.  2019.  Computational Stylometry and Machine Learning for Gender and Age Detection in Cyberbullying Texts. 2019 8th International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction Workshops and Demos (ACIIW). :1–6.
The aim of this paper is to show the importance of Computational Stylometry (CS) and Machine Learning (ML) support in author's gender and age detection in cyberbullying texts. We developed a cyberbullying detection platform and we show the results of performances in terms of Precision, Recall and F -Measure for gender and age detection in cyberbullying texts we collected.
Tuba, Eva, Jovanovic, Raka, Zivkovic, Dejan, Beko, Marko, Tuba, Milan.  2019.  Clustering Algorithm Optimized by Brain Storm Optimization for Digital Image Segmentation. 2019 7th International Symposium on Digital Forensics and Security (ISDFS). :1–6.
In the last several decades digital images were extend their usage in numerous areas. Due to various digital image processing methods they became part areas such as astronomy, agriculture and more. One of the main task in image processing application is segmentation. Since segmentation represents rather important problem, various methods were proposed in the past. One of the methods is to use clustering algorithms which is explored in this paper. We propose k-means algorithm for digital image segmentation. K-means algorithm's well known drawback is the high possibility of getting trapped into local optima. In this paper we proposed brain storm optimization algorithm for optimizing k-means algorithm used for digital image segmentation. Our proposed algorithm is tested on several benchmark images and the results are compared with other stat-of-the-art algorithms. The proposed method outperformed the existing methods.
Álvarez Almeida, Luis Alfredo, Carlos Martinez Santos, Juan.  2019.  Evaluating Features Selection on NSL-KDD Data-Set to Train a Support Vector Machine-Based Intrusion Detection System. 2019 IEEE Colombian Conference on Applications in Computational Intelligence (ColCACI). :1–5.
The integrity of information and services is one of the more evident concerns in the world of global information security, due to the fact that it has economic repercussions on the digital industry. For this reason, big companies spend a lot of money on systems that protect them against cyber-attacks like Denial of Service attacks. In this article, we will use all the attributes of the data-set NSL-KDD to train and test a Support Vector Machine model. This model will then be applied to a method of feature selection to obtain the most relevant attributes within the aforementioned data-set and train the model again. The main goal is comparing the results obtained in both instances of training and validate which was more efficient.
Taher, Kazi Abu, Mohammed Yasin Jisan, Billal, Rahman, Md. Mahbubur.  2019.  Network Intrusion Detection using Supervised Machine Learning Technique with Feature Selection. 2019 International Conference on Robotics,Electrical and Signal Processing Techniques (ICREST). :643–646.
A novel supervised machine learning system is developed to classify network traffic whether it is malicious or benign. To find the best model considering detection success rate, combination of supervised learning algorithm and feature selection method have been used. Through this study, it is found that Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based machine learning with wrapper feature selection outperform support vector machine (SVM) technique while classifying network traffic. To evaluate the performance, NSL-KDD dataset is used to classify network traffic using SVM and ANN supervised machine learning techniques. Comparative study shows that the proposed model is efficient than other existing models with respect to intrusion detection success rate.
Zhang, Naiji, Jaafar, Fehmi, Malik, Yasir.  2019.  Low-Rate DoS Attack Detection Using PSD Based Entropy and Machine Learning. 2019 6th IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Cloud Computing (CSCloud)/ 2019 5th IEEE International Conference on Edge Computing and Scalable Cloud (EdgeCom). :59–62.
The Distributed Denial of Service attack is one of the most common attacks and it is hard to mitigate, however, it has become more difficult while dealing with the Low-rate DoS (LDoS) attacks. The LDoS exploits the vulnerability of TCP congestion-control mechanism by sending malicious traffic at the low constant rate and influence the victim machine. Recently, machine learning approaches are applied to detect the complex DDoS attacks and improve the efficiency and robustness of the intrusion detection system. In this research, the algorithm is designed to balance the detection rate and its efficiency. The detection algorithm combines the Power Spectral Density (PSD) entropy function and Support Vector Machine to detect LDoS traffic from normal traffic. In our solution, the detection rate and efficiency are adjustable based on the parameter in the decision algorithm. To have high efficiency, the detection method will always detect the attacks by calculating PSD-entropy first and compare it with the two adaptive thresholds. The thresholds can efficiently filter nearly 19% of the samples with a high detection rate. To minimize the computational cost and look only for the patterns that are most relevant for detection, Support Vector Machine based machine learning model is applied to learn the traffic pattern and select appropriate features for detection algorithm. The experimental results show that the proposed approach can detect 99.19% of the LDoS attacks and has an O (n log n) time complexity in the best case.
Hsu, Hsiao-Tzu, Jong, Gwo-Jia, Chen, Jhih-Hao, Jhe, Ciou-Guo.  2019.  Improve Iot Security System Of Smart-Home By Using Support Vector Machine. 2019 IEEE 4th International Conference on Computer and Communication Systems (ICCCS). :674–677.
The traditional smart-home is designed to integrate the concept of the Internet of Things(IoT) into our home environment, and to improve the comfort of home. It connects electrical products and household goods to the network, and then monitors and controls them. However, this paper takes home safety as the main axis of research. It combines the past concept of smart-home and technology of machine learning to improve the whole system of smart-home. Through systematic self-learning, it automatically figure out whether it is normal or abnormal, and reports to remind building occupants safety. At the same time, it saves the cost of human resources preservation. This paper make a set of rules table as the basic criteria first, and then classify a part of data which collected by traditional Internet of Things of smart-home by manual way, which includes the opening and closing of doors and windows, the starting and stopping of motors, the connection and interruption of the system, and the time of sending each data to label, then use Support Vector Machine(SVM) algorithm to classify and build models, and then train it. The executed model is applied to our smart-home system. Finally, we verify the Accuracy of anomaly reporting in our system.
Reith, Robert Nikolai, Schneider, Thomas, Tkachenko, Oleksandr.  2019.  Efficiently Stealing your Machine Learning Models. Proceedings of the 18th ACM Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society. :198–210.
Machine Learning as a Service (MLaaS) is a growing paradigm in the Machine Learning (ML) landscape. More and more ML models are being uploaded to the cloud and made accessible from all over the world. Creating good ML models, however, can be expensive and the used data is often sensitive. Recently, Secure Multi-Party Computation (SMPC) protocols for MLaaS have been proposed, which protect sensitive user data and ML models at the expense of substantially higher computation and communication than plaintext evaluation. In this paper, we show that for a subset of ML models used in MLaaS, namely Support Vector Machines (SVMs) and Support Vector Regression Machines (SVRs) which have found many applications to classifying multimedia data such as texts and images, it is possible for adversaries to passively extract the private models even if they are protected by SMPC, using known and newly devised model extraction attacks. We show that our attacks are not only theoretically possible but also practically feasible and cheap, which makes them lucrative to financially motivated attackers such as competitors or customers. We perform model extraction attacks on the homomorphic encryption-based protocol for privacy-preserving SVR-based indoor localization by Zhang et al. (International Workshop on Security 2016). We show that it is possible to extract a highly accurate model using only 854 queries with the estimated cost of \$0.09 on the Amazon ML platform, and our attack would take only 7 minutes over the Internet. Also, we perform our model extraction attacks on SVM and SVR models trained on publicly available state-of-the-art ML datasets.
Singh, Malvika, Mehtre, B.M., Sangeetha, S..  2019.  User Behavior Profiling Using Ensemble Approach for Insider Threat Detection. 2019 IEEE 5th International Conference on Identity, Security, and Behavior Analysis (ISBA). :1–8.
The greatest threat towards securing the organization and its assets are no longer the attackers attacking beyond the network walls of the organization but the insiders present within the organization with malicious intent. Existing approaches helps to monitor, detect and prevent any malicious activities within an organization's network while ignoring the human behavior impact on security. In this paper we have focused on user behavior profiling approach to monitor and analyze user behavior action sequence to detect insider threats. We present an ensemble hybrid machine learning approach using Multi State Long Short Term Memory (MSLSTM) and Convolution Neural Networks (CNN) based time series anomaly detection to detect the additive outliers in the behavior patterns based on their spatial-temporal behavior features. We find that using Multistate LSTM is better than basic single state LSTM. The proposed method with Multistate LSTM can successfully detect the insider threats providing the AUC of 0.9042 on train data and AUC of 0.9047 on test data when trained with publically available dataset for insider threats.
Le, Duc C., Nur Zincir-Heywood, A..  2019.  Machine Learning Based Insider Threat Modelling and Detection. 2019 IFIP/IEEE Symposium on Integrated Network and Service Management (IM). :1–6.
Recently, malicious insider attacks represent one of the most damaging threats to companies and government agencies. This paper proposes a new framework in constructing a user-centered machine learning based insider threat detection system on multiple data granularity levels. System evaluations and analysis are performed not only on individual data instances but also on normal and malicious insiders, where insider scenario specific results and delay in detection are reported and discussed. Our results show that the machine learning based detection system can learn from limited ground truth and detect new malicious insiders with a high accuracy.
Aldairi, Maryam, Karimi, Leila, Joshi, James.  2019.  A Trust Aware Unsupervised Learning Approach for Insider Threat Detection. 2019 IEEE 20th International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration for Data Science (IRI). :89–98.
With the rapidly increasing connectivity in cyberspace, Insider Threat is becoming a huge concern. Insider threat detection from system logs poses a tremendous challenge for human analysts. Analyzing log files of an organization is a key component of an insider threat detection and mitigation program. Emerging machine learning approaches show tremendous potential for performing complex and challenging data analysis tasks that would benefit the next generation of insider threat detection systems. However, with huge sets of heterogeneous data to analyze, applying machine learning techniques effectively and efficiently to such a complex problem is not straightforward. In this paper, we extract a concise set of features from the system logs while trying to prevent loss of meaningful information and providing accurate and actionable intelligence. We investigate two unsupervised anomaly detection algorithms for insider threat detection and draw a comparison between different structures of the system logs including daily dataset and periodically aggregated one. We use the generated anomaly score from the previous cycle as the trust score of each user fed to the next period's model and show its importance and impact in detecting insiders. Furthermore, we consider the psychometric score of users in our model and check its effectiveness in predicting insiders. As far as we know, our model is the first one to take the psychometric score of users into consideration for insider threat detection. Finally, we evaluate our proposed approach on CERT insider threat dataset (v4.2) and show how it outperforms previous approaches.
Aljamal, Ibraheem, Tekeo\u glu, Ali, Bekiroglu, Korkut, Sengupta, Saumendra.  2019.  Hybrid Intrusion Detection System Using Machine Learning Techniques in Cloud Computing Environments. 2019 IEEE 17th International Conference on Software Engineering Research, Management and Applications (SERA). :84–89.
Intrusion detection is one essential tool towards building secure and trustworthy Cloud computing environment, given the ubiquitous presence of cyber attacks that proliferate rapidly and morph dynamically. In our current working paradigm of resource, platform and service consolidations, Cloud Computing provides a significant improvement in the cost metrics via dynamic provisioning of IT services. Since almost all cloud computing networks lean on providing their services through Internet, they are prone to experience variety of security issues. Therefore, in cloud environments, it is necessary to deploy an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) to detect new and unknown attacks in addition to signature based known attacks, with high accuracy. In our deliberation we assume that a system or a network ``anomalous'' event is synonymous to an ``intrusion'' event when there is a significant departure in one or more underlying system or network activities. There are couple of recently proposed ideas that aim to develop a hybrid detection mechanism, combining advantages of signature-based detection schemes with the ability to detect unknown attacks based on anomalies. In this work, we propose a network based anomaly detection system at the Cloud Hypervisor level that utilizes a hybrid algorithm: a combination of K-means clustering algorithm and SVM classification algorithm, to improve the accuracy of the anomaly detection system. Dataset from UNSW-NB15 study is used to evaluate the proposed approach and results are compared with previous studies. The accuracy for our proposed K-means clustering model is slightly higher than others. However, the accuracy we obtained from the SVM model is still low for supervised techniques.
Huang, Yongjie, Yang, Qiping, Qin, Jinghui, Wen, Wushao.  2019.  Phishing URL Detection via CNN and Attention-Based Hierarchical RNN. 2019 18th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/13th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :112–119.
Phishing websites have long been a serious threat to cyber security. For decades, many researchers have been devoted to developing novel techniques to detect phishing websites automatically. While state-of-the-art solutions can achieve superior performances, they require substantial manual feature engineering and are not adept at detecting newly emerging phishing attacks. Therefore, developing techniques that can detect phishing websites automatically and handle zero-day phishing attacks swiftly is still an open challenge in this area. In this work, we propose PhishingNet, a deep learning-based approach for timely detection of phishing Uniform Resource Locators (URLs). Specifically, we use a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) module to extract character-level spatial feature representations of URLs; meanwhile, we employ an attention-based hierarchical Recurrent Neural Network(RNN) module to extract word-level temporal feature representations of URLs. We then fuse these feature representations via a three-layer CNN to build accurate feature representations of URLs, on which we train a phishing URL classifier. Extensive experiments on a verified dataset collected from the Internet demonstrate that the feature representations extracted automatically are conducive to the improvement of the generalization ability of our approach on newly emerging URLs, which makes our approach achieve competitive performance against other state-of-the-art approaches.
Bardia, Vivek, Kumar, C.R.S..  2017.  Process trees amp; service chains can serve us to mitigate zero day attacks better. 2017 International Conference on Data Management, Analytics and Innovation (ICDMAI). :280–284.
With technology at our fingertips waiting to be exploited, the past decade saw the revolutionizing Human Computer Interactions. The ease with which a user could interact was the Unique Selling Proposition (USP) of a sales team. Human Computer Interactions have many underlying parameters like Data Visualization and Presentation as some to deal with. With the race, on for better and faster presentations, evolved many frameworks to be widely used by all software developers. As the need grew for user friendly applications, more and more software professionals were lured into the front-end sophistication domain. Application frameworks have evolved to such an extent that with just a few clicks and feeding values as per requirements we are able to produce a commercially usable application in a few minutes. These frameworks generate quantum lines of codes in minutes which leaves a contrail of bugs to be discovered in the future. We have also succumbed to the benchmarking in Software Quality Metrics and have made ourselves comfortable with buggy software's to be rectified in future. The exponential evolution in the cyber domain has also attracted attackers equally. Average human awareness and knowledge has also improved in the cyber domain due to the prolonged exposure to technology for over three decades. As the attack sophistication grows and zero day attacks become more popular than ever, the suffering end users only receive remedial measures in spite of the latest Antivirus, Intrusion Detection and Protection Systems installed. We designed a software to display the complete services and applications running in users Operating System in the easiest perceivable manner aided by Computer Graphics and Data Visualization techniques. We further designed a study by empowering the fence sitter users with tools to actively participate in protecting themselves from threats. The designed threats had impressions from the complete threat canvas in some form or other restricted to systems functioning. Network threats and any sort of packet transfer to and from the system in form of threat was kept out of the scope of this experiment. We discovered that end users had a good idea of their working environment which can be used exponentially enhances machine learning for zero day threats and segment the unmarked the vast threat landscape faster for a more reliable output.
Yihunie, Fekadu, Abdelfattah, Eman, Regmi, Amish.  2019.  Applying Machine Learning to Anomaly-Based Intrusion Detection Systems. 2019 IEEE Long Island Systems, Applications and Technology Conference (LISAT). :1–5.

The enormous growth of Internet-based traffic exposes corporate networks with a wide variety of vulnerabilities. Intrusive traffics are affecting the normal functionality of network's operation by consuming corporate resources and time. Efficient ways of identifying, protecting, and mitigating from intrusive incidents enhance productivity. As Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is hosted in the network and at the user machine level to oversee the malicious traffic in the network and at the individual computer, it is one of the critical components of a network and host security. Unsupervised anomaly traffic detection techniques are improving over time. This research aims to find an efficient classifier that detects anomaly traffic from NSL-KDD dataset with high accuracy level and minimal error rate by experimenting with five machine learning techniques. Five binary classifiers: Stochastic Gradient Decent, Random Forests, Logistic Regression, Support Vector Machine, and Sequential Model are tested and validated to produce the result. The outcome demonstrates that Random Forest Classifier outperforms the other four classifiers with and without applying the normalization process to the dataset.

Halimaa A., Anish, Sundarakantham, K..  2019.  Machine Learning Based Intrusion Detection System. 2019 3rd International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics (ICOEI). :916–920.

In order to examine malicious activity that occurs in a network or a system, intrusion detection system is used. Intrusion Detection is software or a device that scans a system or a network for a distrustful activity. Due to the growing connectivity between computers, intrusion detection becomes vital to perform network security. Various machine learning techniques and statistical methodologies have been used to build different types of Intrusion Detection Systems to protect the networks. Performance of an Intrusion Detection is mainly depends on accuracy. Accuracy for Intrusion detection must be enhanced to reduce false alarms and to increase the detection rate. In order to improve the performance, different techniques have been used in recent works. Analyzing huge network traffic data is the main work of intrusion detection system. A well-organized classification methodology is required to overcome this issue. This issue is taken in proposed approach. Machine learning techniques like Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Naïve Bayes are applied. These techniques are well-known to solve the classification problems. For evaluation of intrusion detection system, NSL- KDD knowledge discovery Dataset is taken. The outcomes show that SVM works better than Naïve Bayes. To perform comparative analysis, effective classification methods like Support Vector Machine and Naive Bayes are taken, their accuracy and misclassification rate get calculated.