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Tahir, Faiza, Nasir, Samra, Khalid, Zainab.  2019.  Privacy-Preserving Authentication Protocol based on Hybrid Cryptography for VANETs. 2019 International Conference on Applied and Engineering Mathematics (ICAEM). :80–85.
The key concerns in VANET communication are the security and privacy of the vehicles involved, but at the same time an efficient way to provide non-repudiation in the ad-hoc network is an important requirement. Most schemes proposed are using public key infrastructure (PKI) or symmetric key encryption to achieve security in VANET; both individually lack in serving the required purpose of providing privacy preservation of the involved On-Board Units (OBUs) (while still being able to offer non-repudiation) and amount to very sizeable overheads in computation. This paper proposes a privacy-preserving authentication protocol that employs hybrid cryptography, using the best features of PKI and symmetric cryptography to form a protocol that is scalable, efficient and offers services of integrity, non-repudiation, conditional privacy, and unlinkability; while still keeping the computational overhead at a reasonable level. The performance and security analysis of this scheme is provided to support the propositions.
Anand, Shajina, Raja, Gunasekaran, Anand, Gokul, Chauhdary, Sajjad Hussain, Bashir, Ali Kashif.  2019.  Mirage: A Protocol for Decentralized and Secured Communication of IoT Devices. 2019 IEEE 10th Annual Ubiquitous Computing, Electronics Mobile Communication Conference (UEMCON). :1074–1080.
Internet of Things (IoT) is rapidly emerging as the manifestation of the networked society vision. But its centralized architecture will lead to a single point of failure. On the other hand, it will be difficult to handle communications in the near future considering the rapid growth of IoT devices. Along with its popularity, IoT suffers from a lot of vulnerabilities, which IoT developers are constantly working to mitigate. This paper proposes a new protocol called Mirage which can be used for secure and decentralized communication of IoT devices. This protocol is built based on security principles. Out of which Mirage mainly focuses on authentication, integrity, and non-repudiation. In this protocol, devices are authenticated via secret keys known only to the parties involved in the communication. These secret keys are not static and will be constantly changing for every communication. For ensuring integrity, an intermediary is asked to exchange the hash of the messages. As the intermediary nodes are lending their computing and networking powers, they should be rewarded. To ensure non-repudiation, instead of going for trusted third parties, blockchain technology is used. Every node in the network needs to spend a mirage token for sending a message. Mirage tokens will be provided only to those nodes, who help in exchanging the hashes as a reward. In the end, a decentralized network of IoT devices is formed where every node contribute to the security of the network.
Fett, Daniel, Hosseyni, Pedram, Küsters, Ralf.  2019.  An Extensive Formal Security Analysis of the OpenID Financial-Grade API. 2019 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (SP). :453–471.
Forced by regulations and industry demand, banks worldwide are working to open their customers' online banking accounts to third-party services via web-based APIs. By using these so-called Open Banking APIs, third-party companies, such as FinTechs, are able to read information about and initiate payments from their users' bank accounts. Such access to financial data and resources needs to meet particularly high security requirements to protect customers. One of the most promising standards in this segment is the OpenID Financial-grade API (FAPI), currently under development in an open process by the OpenID Foundation and backed by large industry partners. The FAPI is a profile of OAuth 2.0 designed for high-risk scenarios and aiming to be secure against very strong attackers. To achieve this level of security, the FAPI employs a range of mechanisms that have been developed to harden OAuth 2.0, such as Code and Token Binding (including mTLS and OAUTB), JWS Client Assertions, and Proof Key for Code Exchange. In this paper, we perform a rigorous, systematic formal analysis of the security of the FAPI, based on an existing comprehensive model of the web infrastructure - the Web Infrastructure Model (WIM) proposed by Fett, Küsters, and Schmitz. To this end, we first develop a precise model of the FAPI in the WIM, including different profiles for read-only and read-write access, different flows, different types of clients, and different combinations of security features, capturing the complex interactions in a web-based environment. We then use our model of the FAPI to precisely define central security properties. In an attempt to prove these properties, we uncover partly severe attacks, breaking authentication, authorization, and session integrity properties. We develop mitigations against these attacks and finally are able to formally prove the security of a fixed version of the FAPI. Although financial applications are high-stakes environments, this work is the first to formally analyze and, importantly, verify an Open Banking security profile. By itself, this analysis is an important contribution to the development of the FAPI since it helps to define exact security properties and attacker models, and to avoid severe security risks before the first implementations of the standard go live. Of independent interest, we also uncover weaknesses in the aforementioned security mechanisms for hardening OAuth 2.0. We illustrate that these mechanisms do not necessarily achieve the security properties they have been designed for.
Nouichi, Douae, Abdelsalam, Mohamed, Nasir, Qassim, Abbas, Sohail.  2019.  IoT Devices Security Using RF Fingerprinting. 2019 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences (ASET). :1–7.
Internet of Things (IoT) devices industry is rapidly growing, with an accelerated increase in the list of manufacturers offering a wide range of smart devices selected to enhance end-users' standard of living. Security remains an after-thought in these devices resulting in vulnerabilities. While there exists a cryptographic protocol designed to solve such authentication problem, the computational complexity of cryptographic protocols and scalability problems make almost all cryptography-based authentication protocols impractical for IoT. Wireless RFF (Radio Frequency Fingerprinting) comes as a physical layer-based security authentication method that improves wireless security authentication, which is especially useful for the power and computing limited devices. As a proof-of-concept, this paper proposes a universal SDR (software defined Radio)-based inexpensive implementation intended to sense emitted wireless signals from IoT devices. Our approach is validated by extracting mobile phone signal bursts under different user-dedicated modes. The proposed setup is well adapted to accurately capture signals from different telecommunication standards. To ensure a unique identification of IoT devices, this paper also provides an optimum set of features useful to generate the device identity fingerprint.
Shang, Jiacheng, Wu, Jie.  2019.  A Usable Authentication System Using Wrist-Worn Photoplethysmography Sensors on Smartwatches. 2019 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). :1–9.
Smartwatches are expected to become the world's best-selling electronic product after smartphones. Various smart-watches have been released to the private consumer market, but the data on smartwatches is not well protected. In this paper, we show for the first time that photoplethysmography (PPG)signals influenced by hand gestures can be used to authenticate users on smartwatches. The insight is that muscle and tendon movements caused by hand gestures compress the arterial geometry with different degrees, which has a significant impact on the blood flow. Based on this insight, novel approaches are proposed to detect the starting point and ending point of the hand gesture from raw PPG signals and determine if these PPG signals are from a normal user or an attacker. Different from existing solutions, our approach leverages the PPG sensors that are available on most smartwatches and does not need to collect training data from attackers. Also, our system can be used in more general scenarios wherever users can perform hand gestures and is robust against shoulder surfing attacks. We conduct various experiments to evaluate the performance of our system and show that our system achieves an average authentication accuracy of 96.31 % and an average true rejection rate of at least 91.64% against two types of attacks.
Hylamia, Sam, Yan, Wenqing, Rohner, Christian, Voigt, Thiemo.  2019.  Tiek: Two-tier Authentication and Key Distribution for Wearable Devices. 2019 International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob). :1–6.
Wearable devices, such as implantable medical devices and smart wearables, are becoming increasingly popular with applications that vary from casual activity monitoring to critical medical uses. Unsurprisingly, numerous security vulnerabilities have been found in this class of devices. Yet, research on physical measurement-based authentication and key distribution assumes that body-worn devices are benign and uncompromised. Tiek is a novel authentication and key distribution protocol which addresses this issue. We utilize two sources of randomness to perform device authentication and key distribution simultaneously but through separate means. This creates a two-tier authorization scheme that enables devices to join the network while protecting them from each other. We describe Tiek and analyze its security.
Hassan, Mehmood, Mansoor, Khwaja, Tahir, Shahzaib, Iqbal, Waseem.  2019.  Enhanced Lightweight Cloud-assisted Mutual Authentication Scheme for Wearable Devices. 2019 International Conference on Applied and Engineering Mathematics (ICAEM). :62–67.
With the emergence of IoT, wearable devices are drawing attention and becoming part of our daily life. These wearable devices collect private information about their wearers. Mostly, a secure authentication process is used to verify a legitimate user that relies on the mobile terminal. Similarly, remote cloud services are used for verification and authentication of both wearable devices and wearers. Security is necessary to preserve the privacy of users. Some traditional authentication protocols are proposed which have vulnerabilities and are prone to different attacks like forgery, de-synchronization, and un-traceability issues. To address these vulnerabilities, recently, Wu et al. (2017) proposed a cloud-assisted authentication scheme which is costly in terms of computations required. Therefore this paper proposed an improved, lightweight and computationally efficient authentication scheme for wearable devices. The proposed scheme provides similar level of security as compared to Wu's (2017) scheme but requires 41.2% lesser computations.
Belej, Olexander, Nestor, Natalia, Polotai, Orest, Sadeckii, Jan.  2019.  Features of Application of Data Transmission Protocols in Wireless Networks of Sensors. 2019 3rd International Conference on Advanced Information and Communications Technologies (AICT). :317–322.
This article discusses the vulnerabilities and complexity of designing secure IoT-solutions, and then presents proven approaches to protecting devices and gateways. Specifically, security mechanisms such as device authentication (including certificate-based authentication), device authentication, and application a verification of identification are described. The authors consider a protocol of message queue telemetry transport for speech and sensor networks on the Internet, its features, application variants, and characteristic procedures. The principle of "publishersubscriber" is considered. An analysis of information elements and messages is carried out. The urgency of the theme is due to the rapid development of "publisher-subscriber" architecture, for which the protocol is most characteristic.
Mowla, Nishat I, Doh, Inshil, Chae, Kijoon.  2019.  Binarized Multi-Factor Cognitive Detection of Bio-Modality Spoofing in Fog Based Medical Cyber-Physical System. 2019 International Conference on Information Networking (ICOIN). :43–48.
Bio-modalities are ideal for user authentication in Medical Cyber-Physical Systems. Various forms of bio-modalities, such as the face, iris, fingerprint, are commonly used for secure user authentication. Concurrently, various spoofing approaches have also been developed over time which can fail traditional bio-modality detection systems. Image synthesis with play-doh, gelatin, ecoflex etc. are some of the ways used in spoofing bio-identifiable property. Since the bio-modality detection sensors are small and resource constrained, heavy-weight detection mechanisms are not suitable for these sensors. Recently, Fog based architectures are proposed to support sensor management in the Medical Cyber-Physical Systems (MCPS). A thin software client running in these resource-constrained sensors can enable communication with fog nodes for better management and analysis. Therefore, we propose a fog-based security application to detect bio-modality spoofing in a Fog based MCPS. In this regard, we propose a machine learning based security algorithm run as an application at the fog node using a binarized multi-factor boosted ensemble learner algorithm coupled with feature selection. Our proposal is verified on real datasets provided by the Replay Attack, Warsaw and LiveDet 2015 Crossmatch benchmark for face, iris and fingerprint modality spoofing detection used for authentication in an MCPS. The experimental analysis shows that our approach achieves significant performance gain over the state-of-the-art approaches.
Rizvi, Syed, Imler, Jarrett, Ritchey, Luke, Tokar, Michael.  2019.  Securing PKES against Relay Attacks using Coordinate Tracing and Multi-Factor Authentication. 2019 53rd Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS). :1–6.
In most produced modern vehicles, Passive Keyless Entry and Start System (PKES), a newer form of an entry access system, is becoming more and more popular. The PKES system allows the consumer to enter within a certain range and have the vehicle's doors unlock automatically without pressing any buttons on the key. This technology increases the overall convenience to the consumer; however, it is vulnerable to attacks known as relay and amplified relay attacks. A relay attack consists of placing a device near the vehicle and a device near the key to relay the signal between the key and the vehicle. On the other hand, an amplified relay attack uses only a singular amplifier to increase the range of the vehicle sensors to reach the key. By exploiting these two different vulnerabilities within the PKES system, an attacker can gain unauthorized access to the vehicle, leading to damage or even stolen property. To minimize both vulnerabilities, we propose a coordinate tracing system with an additional Bluetooth communication channel. The coordinate tracing system, or PKES Forcefield, traces the authorized key's longitude and latitude in real time using two proposed algorithms, known as the Key Bearing algorithm and the Longitude and Latitude Key (LLK) algorithm. To further add security, a Bluetooth communication channel will be implemented. With an additional channel established, a second frequency can be traced within a secondary PKES Forcefield. The LLK Algorithm computes both locations of frequencies and analyzes the results to form a pattern. Furthermore, the PKES Forcefield movement-tracing allows a vehicle to understand when an attacker attempts to transmit an unauthenticated signal and blocks any signal from being amplified over a fixed range.
Taher, Kazi Abu, Nahar, Tahmin, Hossain, Syed Akhter.  2019.  Enhanced Cryptocurrency Security by Time-Based Token Multi-Factor Authentication Algorithm. 2019 International Conference on Robotics,Electrical and Signal Processing Techniques (ICREST). :308–312.
A noble multi-factor authentication (MFA) algorithm is developed for the security enhancement of the Cryptocurrency (CR). The main goal of MFA is to set up extra layer of safeguard while seeking access to a targets such as physical location, computing device, network or database. MFA security scheme requires more than one method for the validation from commutative family of credentials to verify the user for a transaction. MFA can reduce the risk of using single level password authentication by introducing additional factors of authentication. MFA can prevent hackers from gaining access to a particular account even if the password is compromised. The superfluous layer of security introduced by MFA offers additional security to a user. MFA is implemented by using time-based onetime password (TOTP) technique. For logging to any entity with MFA enabled, the user first needs username and password, as a second factor, the user then needs the MFA token to virtually generate a TOTP. It is found that MFA can provide a better means of secured transaction of CR.
Byun, Jin Wook.  2019.  An efficient multi-factor authenticated key exchange with physically unclonable function. 2019 International Conference on Electronics, Information, and Communication (ICEIC). :1–4.
In this paper, we propose an efficient and secure physically unclonable function based multi-factor authenticated key exchange (PUF-MAKE). In a PUF-MAKE setting, we suppose two participants; a user and a server. The user keeps multi-factor authenticators and securely holds a PUF-embedded device while the server maintains PUF outputs for authentication. We first study on how to efficiently construct a PUF-MAKE protocol. The main difficulty comes from that it should establish a common key from both multi-factor authenticators and a PUF-embedded device. Our construction is the first secure PUF-MAKE protocol that just needs three communication flows.
Lee, JoonYoung, Kim, MyeongHyun, Yu, SungJin, Park, KiSung, Park, YoungHo.  2019.  A Secure Multi-Factor Remote User Authentication Scheme for Cloud-IoT Applications. 2019 28th International Conference on Computer Communication and Networks (ICCCN). :1–2.
With the development of internet of things (IoT) and communication technology, the sensors and embedded devices collect a large amount of data and handle it. However, IoT environment cannot efficiently treat the big data and is vulnerable to various attacks because IoT is comprised of resource limited devices and provides a service through a open channel. In 2018, Sharma and Kalra proposed a lightweight multi-factor authentication protocol for cloud-IoT environment to overcome this problems. We demonstrate that Sharma and Kalra's scheme is vulnerable to identity and password guessing, replay and session key disclosure attacks. We also propose a secure multifactor authentication protocol to resolve the security problems of Sharma and Kalra's scheme, and then we analyze the security using informal analysis and compare the performance with Sharma and Kalra's scheme. The proposed scheme can be applied to real cloud-IoT environment securely.
Fujita, Yuki, Inomata, Atsuo, Kashiwazaki, Hiroki.  2019.  Implementation and Evaluation of a Multi-Factor Web Authentication System with Individual Number Card and WebUSB. 2019 20th Asia-Pacific Network Operations and Management Symposium (APNOMS). :1–4.
As the number of Internet users increases, their usage also diversifies, and it is important to prevent Identity on the Internet (Digital Identity) from being violated. Unauthorized authentication is one of the methods to infringe Digital Identity. Multi-factor authentication has been proposed as a method for preventing unauthorized authentication. However, the cryptographic authenticator required for multi-factor authentication is expensive both financially and UX-wise for the user. In this paper, we design, implement and evaluate multi-factor authentication using My Number Card provided by public personal identification service and WebUSB, which is being standardized.
Prout, Andrew, Arcand, William, Bestor, David, Bergeron, Bill, Byun, Chansup, Gadepally, Vijay, Houle, Michael, Hubbell, Matthew, Jones, Michael, Klein, Anna et al..  2019.  Securing HPC using Federated Authentication. 2019 IEEE High Performance Extreme Computing Conference (HPEC). :1–7.
Federated authentication can drastically reduce the overhead of basic account maintenance while simultaneously improving overall system security. Integrating with the user's more frequently used account at their primary organization both provides a better experience to the end user and makes account compromise or changes in affiliation more likely to be noticed and acted upon. Additionally, with many organizations transitioning to multi-factor authentication for all account access, the ability to leverage external federated identity management systems provides the benefit of their efforts without the additional overhead of separately implementing a distinct multi-factor authentication process. This paper describes our experiences and the lessons we learned by enabling federated authentication with the U.S. Government PKI and In Common Federation, scaling it up to the user base of a production HPC system, and the motivations behind those choices. We have received only positive feedback from our users.
Iftikhar, Jawad, Hussain, Sajid, Mansoor, Khwaja, Ali, Zeeshan, Chaudhry, Shehzad Ashraf.  2019.  Symmetric-Key Multi-Factor Biometric Authentication Scheme. 2019 2nd International Conference on Communication, Computing and Digital systems (C-CODE). :288–292.
Authentication is achieved by using different techniques, like using smart-card, identity password and biometric techniques. Some of the proposed schemes use a single factor for authentication while others combine multiple ways to provide multi-factor authentication for better security. lately, a new scheme for multi-factor authentication was presented by Cao and Ge and claimed that their scheme is highly secure and can withstand against all known attacks. In this paper, it is revealed that their scheme is still vulnerable and have some loopholes in term of reflection attack. Therefore, an improved scheme is proposed to overcome the security weaknesses of Cao and Ge's scheme. The proposed scheme resists security attacks and secure. Formal testing is carried out under a broadly-accepted simulated tool ProVerif which demonstrates that the proposed scheme is well secure.
Dostálek, Libor.  2019.  Multi-Factor Authentication Modeling. 2019 9th International Conference on Advanced Computer Information Technologies (ACIT). :443–446.
The work defines a multi-factor authentication model in case the application supports multiple authentication factors. The aim of this modeling is to find acceptable authentication methods sufficient to access specifically qualified information. The core of the proposed model is risk-based authentication. Results of simulations of some key scenarios often used in practice are also presented.
Aliti, A., Sevrani, K..  2019.  A security model for Wireless Sensor Networks. 2019 42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics (MIPRO). :1165–1168.
State-of-the-art security frameworks have been extensively addressing security issues for web resources, agents and services in the Semantic Web. The provision of Stream Reasoning as a new area spanning Semantic Web and Data Stream Management Systems has eventually opened up new challenges. Namely, their decentralized nature, the metadata descriptions, the number of users, agents, and services, makes securing Stream Reasoning systems difficult to handle. Thus, there is an inherent need of developing new security models which will handle security and automate security mechanism to a more autonomous system that supports complex and dynamic relationships between data, clients and service providers. We plan to validate our proposed security model on a typical application of stream data, on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). In particular, WSNs for water quality monitoring will serve as a case study. The proposed model can be a guide when deploying and maintaining WSNs in different contexts. Moreover, this model will point out main segments which are most important in ensuring security in semantic stream reasoning systems, and their interrelationships. In this paper we propose a security framework to handle most important issues of security within WSN. The security model in itself should be an incentive for other researchers in creating other models to improve information security within semantic stream reasoning systems.
Odelu, Vanga.  2019.  An Efficient Two-Server Password-Only User Authentication for Consumer Electronic Devices. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE). :1–2.

We propose an efficient and secure two-server password-only remote user authentication protocol for consumer electronic devices, such as smartphones and laptops. Our protocol works on-top of any existing trust model, like Secure Sockets Layer protocol (SSL). The proposed protocol is secure against dictionary and impersonation attacks.

Midha, Sugandhi, Triptahi, Khushboo.  2019.  Extended TLS Security and Defensive Algorithm in OpenFlow SDN. 2019 9th International Conference on Cloud Computing, Data Science Engineering (Confluence). :141–146.

Software Defined Network (SDN) is a revolutionary networking paradigm which provides the flexibility of programming the network interface as per the need and demand of the user. Software Defined Network (SDN) is independent of vendor specific hardware or protocols and offers the easy extensions in the networking. A customized network as per on user demand facilitates communication control via a single entity i.e. SDN controller. Due to this SDN Controller has become more vulnerable to SDN security attacks and more specifically a single point of failure. It is worth noticing that vulnerabilities were identified because of customized applications which are semi-independent of underlying network infrastructure. No doubt, SDN has provided numerous benefits like breaking vendor lock-ins, reducing overhead cost, easy innovations, increasing programmability among devices, introducing new features and so on. But security of SDN cannot be neglected and it has become a major topic of debate. The communication channel used in SDN is OpenFlow which has made TLS implementation an optional approach in SDN. TLS adoption is important and still vulnerable. This paper focuses on making SDN OpenFlow communication more secure by following extended TLS support and defensive algorithm.

Dan, Kenya, Kitagawa, Naoya, Sakuraba, Shuji, Yamai, Nariyoshi.  2019.  Spam Domain Detection Method Using Active DNS Data and E-Mail Reception Log. 2019 IEEE 43rd Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC). 1:896–899.

E-mail is widespread and an essential communication technology in modern times. Since e-mail has problems with spam mails and spoofed e-mails, countermeasures are required. Although SPF, DKIM and DMARC have been proposed as sender domain authentication, these mechanisms cannot detect non-spoofing spam mails. To overcome this issue, this paper proposes a method to detect spam domains by supervised learning with features extracted from e-mail reception log and active DNS data, such as the result of Sender Authentication, the Sender IP address, the number of each DNS record, and so on. As a result of the experiment, our method can detect spam domains with 88.09% accuracy and 97.11% precision. We confirmed that our method can detect spam domains with detection accuracy 19.40% higher than the previous study by utilizing not only active DNS data but also e-mail reception log in combination.

Krishna, Gutha Jaya, Ravi, Vadlamani.  2019.  Keystroke Based User Authentication Using Modified Differential Evolution. TENCON 2019 - 2019 IEEE Region 10 Conference (TENCON). :739–744.

User Authentication is a difficult problem yet to be addressed accurately. Little or no work is reported in literature dealing with clustering-based anomaly detection techniques for user authentication for keystroke data. Therefore, in this paper, Modified Differential Evolution (MDE) based subspace anomaly detection technique is proposed for user authentication in the context of behavioral biometrics using keystroke dynamics features. Thus, user authentication is posed as an anomaly detection problem. Anomalies in CMU's keystroke dynamics dataset are identified using subspace-based and distance-based techniques. It is observed that, among the proposed techniques, MDE based subspace anomaly detection technique yielded the highest Area Under ROC Curve (AUC) for user authentication problem. We also performed a Wilcoxon Signed Rank statistical test to corroborate our results statistically.

Patel, Yogesh, Ouazzane, Karim, Vassilev, Vassil T., Faruqi, Ibrahim, Walker, George L..  2019.  Keystroke Dynamics Using Auto Encoders. 2019 International Conference on Cyber Security and Protection of Digital Services (Cyber Security). :1–8.

In the modern day and age, credential based authentication systems no longer provide the level of security that many organisations and their services require. The level of trust in passwords has plummeted in recent years, with waves of cyber attacks predicated on compromised and stolen credentials. This method of authentication is also heavily reliant on the individual user's choice of password. There is the potential to build levels of security on top of credential based authentication systems, using a risk based approach, which preserves the seamless authentication experience for the end user. One method of adding this security to a risk based authentication framework, is keystroke dynamics. Monitoring the behaviour of the users and how they type, produces a type of digital signature which is unique to that individual. Learning this behaviour allows dynamic flags to be applied to anomalous typing patterns that are produced by attackers using stolen credentials, as a potential risk of fraud. Methods from statistics and machine learning have been explored to try and implement such solutions. This paper will look at an Autoencoder model for learning the keystroke dynamics of specific users. The results from this paper show an improvement over the traditional tried and tested statistical approaches with an Equal Error Rate of 6.51%, with the additional benefits of relatively low training times and less reliance on feature engineering.

Handa, Jigyasa, Singh, Saurabh, Saraswat, Shipra.  2019.  A Comparative Study of Mouse and Keystroke Based Authentication. 2019 9th International Conference on Cloud Computing, Data Science Engineering (Confluence). :670–674.

One of the basic behavioural biometric methods is keystroke element. Being less expensive and not requiring any extra bit of equipment is the main advantage of keystroke element. The primary concentration of this paper is to give an inevitable review of behavioural biometrics strategies, measurements and different methodologies and difficulties and future bearings specially of keystroke analysis and mouse dynamics. Keystrokes elements frameworks utilize insights, e.g. time between keystrokes, word decisions, word mixes, general speed of writing and so on. Mouse Dynamics is termed as the course of actions captured from the moving mouse by an individual when interacting with a GUI. These are representative factors which may be called mouse dynamics signature of an individual, and may be used for verification of identity of an individual. In this paper, we compare the authentication system based on keystroke dynamics and mouse dynamics.

Yang, Kun, Forte, Domenic, Tehranipoor, Mark M..  2017.  CDTA: A Comprehensive Solution for Counterfeit Detection, Traceability, and Authentication in the IoT Supply Chain. ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES). 22:42:1-42:31.

The Internet of Things (IoT) is transforming the way we live and work by increasing the connectedness of people and things on a scale that was once unimaginable. However, the vulnerabilities in the IoT supply chain have raised serious concerns about the security and trustworthiness of IoT devices and components within them. Testing for device provenance, detection of counterfeit integrated circuits (ICs) and systems, and traceability of IoT devices are challenging issues to address. In this article, we develop a novel radio-frequency identification (RFID)-based system suitable for counterfeit detection, traceability, and authentication in the IoT supply chain called CDTA. CDTA is composed of different types of on-chip sensors and in-system structures that collect necessary information to detect multiple counterfeit IC types (recycled, cloned, etc.), track and trace IoT devices, and verify the overall system authenticity. Central to CDTA is an RFID tag employed as storage and a channel to read the information from different types of chips on the printed circuit board (PCB) in both power-on and power-off scenarios. CDTA sensor data can also be sent to the remote server for authentication via an encrypted Ethernet channel when the IoT device is deployed in the field. A novel board ID generator is implemented by combining outputs of physical unclonable functions (PUFs) embedded in the RFID tag and different chips on the PCB. A light-weight RFID protocol is proposed to enable mutual authentication between RFID readers and tags. We also implement a secure interchip communication on the PCB. Simulations and experimental results using Spartan 3E FPGAs demonstrate the effectiveness of this system. The efficiency of the radio-frequency (RF) communication has also been verified via a PCB prototype with a printed slot antenna.