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Islam, M. M., Karmakar, G., Kamruzzaman, J., Murshed, M..  2019.  Measuring Trustworthiness of IoT Image Sensor Data Using Other Sensors’ Complementary Multimodal Data. 2019 18th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/13th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :775–780.
Trust of image sensor data is becoming increasingly important as the Internet of Things (IoT) applications grow from home appliances to surveillance. Up to our knowledge, there exists only one work in literature that estimates trustworthiness of digital images applied to forensic applications, based on a machine learning technique. The efficacy of this technique is heavily dependent on availability of an appropriate training set and adequate variation of IoT sensor data with noise, interference and environmental condition, but availability of such data cannot be assured always. Therefore, to overcome this limitation, a robust method capable of estimating trustworthy measure with high accuracy is needed. Lowering cost of sensors allow many IoT applications to use multiple types of sensors to observe the same event. In such cases, complementary multimodal data of one sensor can be exploited to measure trust level of another sensor data. In this paper, for the first time, we introduce a completely new approach to estimate the trustworthiness of an image sensor data using another sensor's numerical data. We develop a theoretical model using the Dempster-Shafer theory (DST) framework. The efficacy of the proposed model in estimating trust level of an image sensor data is analyzed by observing a fire event using IoT image and temperature sensor data in a residential setup under different scenarios. The proposed model produces highly accurate trust level in all scenarios with authentic and forged image data.
Huang, Xu, Ahmed, Muhammad R., Rojas, Raul Fernandez, Cui, Hongyan, Aseeri, Mohammed.  2016.  Effective Algorithm for Protecting WSNs from Internal Attacks in Real-time. Proceedings of the Australasian Computer Science Week Multiconference. :40:1–40:7.

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are playing a vital role in collecting data about a natural or built environment. WSNs have attractive advantages such as low-cost, low maintains and flexible arrangements for applications. Wireless sensor network has been used for many different applications such as military implementations in a battlefield, an environmental monitoring, and multifunction in health sector. In order to ensure its functionality, especially in malicious environments, security mechanisms become essential. Especially internal attacks have gained prominence and pose most challenging threats to all WSNs. Although, a number of works have been done to discuss a WSN under the internal attacks it has gained little attention. For example, the conventional cryptographic technique does not give the appropriated security to save the network from internal attack that causes by abnormally behaviour at the legitimate nodes in a network. In this paper, we propose an effective algorithm to make an evaluation for detecting internal attack by multi-criteria in real time. This protecting is based on the combination of the multiple pieces of evidences collected from the nodes under an internal attacker in a network. A theory of the decision is carefully discussed based on the Dempster-Shafer Theory (DST). If you really wanted to make sure the designed network works exactly works as you expected, you will be benefited from this algorithm. The advantage of this proposed method is not just its performance in real-time but also it is effective as it does not need the knowledge about the normal or malicious node in advance with very high average accuracy that is close to 100%. It also can be used as one of maintaining tools for the regulations of the deployed WSNs.

Zhexiong Wei, Tang, H., Yu, F.R., Maoyu Wang, Mason, P..  2014.  Security Enhancements for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks With Trust Management Using Uncertain Reasoning. Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on. 63:4647-4658.

The distinctive features of mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), including dynamic topology and open wireless medium, may lead to MANETs suffering from many security vulnerabilities. In this paper, using recent advances in uncertain reasoning that originated from the artificial intelligence community, we propose a unified trust management scheme that enhances the security in MANETs. In the proposed trust management scheme, the trust model has two components: trust from direct observation and trust from indirect observation. With direct observation from an observer node, the trust value is derived using Bayesian inference, which is a type of uncertain reasoning when the full probability model can be defined. On the other hand, with indirect observation, which is also called secondhand information that is obtained from neighbor nodes of the observer node, the trust value is derived using the Dempster-Shafer theory (DST), which is another type of uncertain reasoning when the proposition of interest can be derived by an indirect method. By combining these two components in the trust model, we can obtain more accurate trust values of the observed nodes in MANETs. We then evaluate our scheme under the scenario of MANET routing. Extensive simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. Specifically, throughput and packet delivery ratio (PDR) can be improved significantly with slightly increased average end-to-end delay and overhead of messages.